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1.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 8(9)2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TAVR is a safe alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR); however, sex-related differences are still debated. This research aimed to examine gender differences in a real-world transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) cohort. METHODS: All-comer aortic stenosis (AS) patients undergoing TAVR with a Medtronic valve across 19 Italian sites were prospectively included in the Italian Clinical Service Project (NCT01007474) between 2007 and 2019. The primary endpoint was 1-year mortality. We also investigated 3-year mortality, and ischemic and hemorrhagic endpoints, and we performed a propensity score matching to assemble patients with similar baseline characteristics. RESULTS: Out of 3821 patients, 2149 (56.2%) women were enrolled. Compared with men, women were older (83 ± 6 vs. 81 ± 6 years, p < 0.001), more likely to present severe renal impairment (GFR ≤ 30 mL/min, 26.3% vs. 16.3%, p < 0.001) but had less previous cardiovascular events (all p < 0.001), with a higher mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score (7.8% ± 7.1% vs. 7.2 ± 7.5, p < 0.001) and a greater mean aortic gradient (52.4 ± 15.3 vs. 47.3 ± 12.8 mmHg, p < 0.001). Transfemoral TAVR was performed more frequently in women (87.2% vs. 82.1%, p < 0.001), with a higher rate of major vascular complications and life-threatening bleeding (3.9% vs. 2.4%, p = 0.012 and 2.5% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.024). One-year mortality differed between female and male (11.5% vs. 15.0%, p = 0.002), and this difference persisted after adjustment for significant confounding variables (Adj.HR1yr 1.47, 95%IC 1.18-1.82, p < 0.001). Three-year mortality was also significantly lower in women compared with men (19.8% vs. 24.9%, p < 0.001) even after adjustment for age, STS score, eGFR, diabetes and severe COPD (Adj.HR3yr 1.42, 95%IC 1.21-1.68, p < 0.001). These results were confirmed in 689 pairs after propensity score matching. CONCLUSION: Despite higher rates of peri-procedural complications, women presented better survival than men. This better adaptive response to TAVR may be driven by sex-specific factors.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(18): 2263-2273, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) remains one of the main drawbacks of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but scarce data exist on PPI after valve-in-valve (ViV) TAVR, particularly with the use of newer-generation transcatheter heart valves (THVs). OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the incidence, factors associated with, and clinical impact of PPI in a large series of ViV-TAVR procedures. METHODS: Data were obtained from the multicenter VIVID Registry and included the main baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital and late (median follow-up: 13 months [interquartile range: 3 to 41 months]) outcomes analyzed according to the need of periprocedural PPI. All THVs except CoreValve, Cribier-Edwards, Sapien, and Sapien XT were considered to be new-generation THVs. RESULTS: A total of 1,987 patients without prior PPI undergoing ViV-TAVR from 2007 to 2020 were included. Of these, 128 patients (6.4%) had PPI after TAVR, with a significant decrease in the incidence of PPI with the use of new-generation THVs (4.7% vs. 7.4%; p = 0.017), mainly related to a reduced PPI rate with the Evolut R/Pro versus CoreValve (3.7% vs. 9.0%; p = 0.002). There were no significant differences in PPI rates between newer-generation balloon- and self-expanding THVs (6.1% vs. 3.9%; p = 0.18). In the multivariable analysis, older age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.05 for each increase of 1 year; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02 to 1.07; p = 0.001), larger THV size (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.20; p = 0.02), and previous right bundle branch block (OR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.00 to 4.17; p = 0.05) were associated with an increased risk of PPI. There were no differences in 30-day mortality between the PPI (4.7%) and no-PPI (2.7%) groups (p = 0.19), but PPI patients exhibited a trend toward higher mortality risk at follow-up (hazard ratio: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.91; p = 0.04; p = 0.08 after adjusting for age differences between groups). CONCLUSIONS: In a contemporary large series of ViV-TAVR patients, the rate of periprocedural PPI was relatively low, and its incidence decreased with the use of new-generation THV systems. PPI following ViV-TAVR was associated with a trend toward increased mortality at follow-up.


Assuntos
Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Implantação de Prótese , Sistema de Registros
3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(18): 2323-2334, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958130

RESUMO

Mechanical intravascular hemolysis is frequently observed following procedures on heart valves and uncommonly observed in native valvular disease. In most cases, its severity is mild. Nevertheless, it can be clinically significant and even life threatening, requiring multiple blood transfusions and renal replacement therapy. This paper reviews the current knowledge on mechanical intravascular hemolysis in valvular disease, before and after correction, focusing on pathophysiology, approach to diagnosis, and impact of other hematological conditions on the resultant anemia. The importance of a multidisciplinary management is underscored. Laboratory data are provided about subclinical hemolysis that is commonly observed following the implantation of surgical and transcatheter valve prostheses and devices. Finally, clinical scenarios are reviewed and current medical and surgical treatments are discussed, including alternative options for inoperable patients.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Hemólise , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Humanos
4.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 40(7): 580-583, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879383

RESUMO

Right ventricular primary graft dysfunction after heart transplant is a serious life-threatening condition. The severe form, refractory to maximal medical therapy, has traditionally required temporary mechanical support through veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or central right ventricular support. The Protek Duo is a dual lumen cannula recently introduced in the market, which allows for the institution of a percutaneous right ventricular support. We present the first promising case series of the use of this novel support in patients with right ventricular primary graft dysfunction after heart transplant.

5.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(7): 1462-1469, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) approaches on mortality and identify effect modifiers and predictors for mortality. BACKGROUND: Alternative access routes to transfemoral (TF) TAVI include the surgical intra-thoracic direct-aortic (DA) and transapical (TA) approach. TA TAVI has been associated with a higher mortality rate. We hypothesized that this is related to effect modifiers, in particular the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: This multicentre study derived its data from prospective registries. To adjust for confounders, we used propensity-score based, stabilized inverse probability weighted Cox regression models. RESULTS: In total, 5,910 patients underwent TAVI via TF (N = 4,072), DA (N = 524), and TA (N = 1,314) access. Compared to TF, 30-day mortality was increased among DA (HR 1.87, 95%CI 1.26-2.78, p = .002) and TA (HR 3.34, 95%CI 2.28-4.89, p < .001) cases. Compared to TF, 5-year mortality was increased among TA cases (HR 1.50, 95%CI 1.24-1.83, p < .001). None of the variables showed a significant interaction between the approaches and mortality. An impaired LVEF (≤35%) increased mortality in all approaches. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical intra-thoracic TA and DA TAVI are both associated with a higher 30-day mortality than TF TAVI. TA TAVI is associated with a higher 5-year mortality than TF TAVI. The DA approach may therefore have some advantages over the TA approach when TF access is not feasible.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 22(3): 204-211, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136808

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the outcome of nonagenarians patients receiving transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: We aimed to stratify the overall population from an Italian, multicenter, observational project including a total of 3792 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR with CoreValve and Evolut R/PRO devices between April 2009 and October 2018, into four groups according to their age class (≥90 vs. 80-89 years vs. 70-79 vs. <70 years) and to compare outcomes up to 4 years after TAVR. RESULTS: At 4 years, survival estimates showed no difference in terms of overall survival [Kaplan-Meier estimates (KM est.) 49.9 vs. 58.1% vs. 57.0 vs. 69.3%; Plogrank = 0.28] among the four groups. After 2 years from the procedure, landmark analysis showed an age-based difference in overall survival (KM est. 63.8 vs. 75.0% vs. 75.1 vs. 88.7%; Plogrank = 0.025) but no difference in terms of survival from cardiovascular death (KM est. 87.8 vs. 87.4% vs. 86.1 vs. 96.1%; Plogrank = 0.43). Finally, age itself was not correlated with overall mortality at 4 years (hazard ratio 1.06, 95% confidence interval 0.86-1.30, P = 0.591). CONCLUSION: TAVR with self-expanding CoreValve and Evolut prostheses was demonstrated to have good long-term outcomes, regardless of the patient's age. At 4 years, no difference in overall mortality was reported among age-based groups, while a higher overall mortality was reported in nonagenarians after 2 years from the procedure. TAVR showed good long-term outcomes even in nonagenarian patients, and it could be the therapy of choice for selected elderly patients.

7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 32(11): 405-411, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the 30-day and 1-year outcomes and performance from the Portico Alternative Access study to obtain CE approval of the alternative access delivery system. METHODS: The Portico Alternative Access study is a multicenter, prospective, non-randomized, investigational study (www.clinicaltrials.gov identifier, NCT03056573) describing 45 patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis (AS) treated with the self-expanding Portico device using subclavian/axillary access. RESULTS: Forty-five subjects (81.7 ± 5.9 years; 57.8% female; Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, 5.4 ± 4.7%) with severe, symptomatic AS had a Portico bioprosthetic aortic valve implantation attempt via axillary/subclavian access. Implantation was successful in 97.8% of subjects. At 30 days, the rate of major vascular complications at the subclavian/axillary access site was 4.4%. All-cause mortality was 2.2% at 30 days and 4.4% at 1 year. CONCLUSION: The Portico transcatheter aortic valve can be safely delivered by axillary or subclavian access with high implant success rate and low complication rates.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 96(7): 1500-1508, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644300

RESUMO

AIMS: We aim at exploring whether severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) may modify the impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) post-transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on early, mid, and long-term mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: The analysis included 2,733 TAVI patients from the Italian Clinical Service Project. The population was stratified in four groups according to the presence of baseline severe CKD and postprocedural AKI. All-cause mortality was the primary end point. Postprocedural AKI is associated with an increased risk of early and mid-term mortality after TAVI regardless of baseline severe CKD. Preprocedural severe CKD is associated with an increased risk of long-term mortality after TAVI regardless of postprocedural AKI. No interaction between preprocedural severe CKD and postprocedural AKI was observed in predicting mortality at both 30-day (CKD: hazard ratio [HR] = 2.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.15-6.12; no-CKD: HR = 3.83, 95% CI = 2.23-6.58; Pint = .129) and 1-year (CKD: HR = 2.29, 95% CI = 1.37-3.82; no-CKD: HR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.75-3.49; Pint = .386). Preprocedural severe CKD is an independent predictor of postprocedural AKI (HR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.56-3.03; p < .001) as well as general anesthesia and access alternative to femoral. Among no-AKI patients, those with severe CKD at admission underwent kidney function recovery after TAVI (serum creatinine at baseline 2.24 ± 1.57 mg/dL and at 48-hr 1.80 ± 1.17 mg/dL; p = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Preprocedural severe CKD did not modify the impact of postprocedural AKI in predicting early and mid-term mortality after TAVI. Closely monitoring of serum creatinine and strategies to prevent AKI post-TAVI are needed also in patients without severe CKD at admission.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rim/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Eur Heart J ; 41(29): 2731-2742, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592401

RESUMO

AIMS: Due to bioprosthetic valve degeneration, aortic valve-in-valve (ViV) procedures are increasingly performed. There are no data on long-term outcomes after aortic ViV. Our aim was to perform a large-scale assessment of long-term survival and reintervention after aortic ViV. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1006 aortic ViV procedures performed more than 5 years ago [mean age 77.7 ± 9.7 years; 58.8% male; median STS-PROM score 7.3% (4.2-12.0)] were included in the analysis. Patients were treated with Medtronic self-expandable valves (CoreValve/Evolut, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) (n = 523, 52.0%), Edwards balloon-expandable valves (EBEV, SAPIEN/SAPIEN XT/SAPIEN 3, Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) (n = 435, 43.2%), and other devices (n = 48, 4.8%). Survival was lower at 8 years in patients with small-failed bioprostheses [internal diameter (ID) ≤ 20 mm] compared with those with large-failed bioprostheses (ID > 20 mm) (33.2% vs. 40.5%, P = 0.01). Independent correlates for mortality included smaller-failed bioprosthetic valves [hazard ratio (HR) 1.07 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.13)], age [HR 1.21 (95% CI 1.01-1.45)], and non-transfemoral access [HR 1.43 (95% CI 1.11-1.84)]. There were 40 reinterventions after ViV. Independent correlates for all-cause reintervention included pre-existing severe prosthesis-patient mismatch [subhazard ratio (SHR) 4.34 (95% CI 1.31-14.39)], device malposition [SHR 3.75 (95% CI 1.36-10.35)], EBEV [SHR 3.34 (95% CI 1.26-8.85)], and age [SHR 0.59 (95% CI 0.44-0.78)]. CONCLUSIONS: The size of the original failed valve may influence long-term mortality, and the type of the transcatheter valve may influence the need for reintervention after aortic ViV.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Eur Heart J ; 41(20): 1876-1886, 2020 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904800

RESUMO

AIMS: In the last decade, transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) replacement determined a paradigm shift in the treatment of patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Data on long-term TAV performance are still limited. We sought to evaluate the clinical and haemodynamic outcomes of the CoreValve self-expandable valve up to 8-year follow-up (FU). METHODS AND RESULTS: Nine hundred and ninety inoperable or high-risk patients were treated with the CoreValve TAV in eight Italian Centres from June 2007 to December 2011. The median FU was 4.4 years (interquartile range 1.4-6.7 years). Longest FU reached 11 years. A total of 728 died within 8-year FU (78.3% mortality from Kaplan-Meier curve analysis). A significant functional improvement was observed in the majority of patients and maintained over time, with 79.3% of surviving patients still classified New York Heart Association class ≤ II at 8 years. Echocardiographic data showed that the mean transprosthetic aortic gradient remained substantially unchanged (9 ± 4 mmHg at discharge, 9 ± 5 mmHg at 8 years, P = 0.495). The rate of Grade 0/1 paravalvular leak was consistent during FU with no significant change from post-procedure to FU ≥5 years in paired analysis (P = 0.164). Structural valve deterioration (SVD) and late bioprosthetic valve failure (BVF) were defined according to a modification of the 2017 EAPCI/ESC/EACTS criteria. In cumulative incidence functions at 8 years, moderate and severe SVD were 3.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1-4.3%] and 1.6% (95% CI 0.6-3.9%), respectively, while late BVF was 2.5% (95% CI 1.2-5%). CONCLUSION: While TAVs are questioned about long-term performance and durability, the results of the present research provide reassuring 8-year evidence on the CoreValve first-generation self-expandable bioprosthesis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(7): 866-874, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the gold standard for severe valvular aortic stenosis in patients at high/prohibitive surgical risk. This procedure has also been used in patients with previous mitral valve (MV) prostheses, with contrasting outcomes reported. The aim of this study is to describe procedural and early outcomes of patients with previous MV prostheses undergoing TAVR. METHODS: This is a retrospective registry of 154 patients with previous MV prostheses who underwent TAVR across high-volume medical centres at a mean of 11.7 ± 8.4 years after mitral surgery. RESULTS: Mean mitroaortic distance at computed tomography was 9.7 ± 4.8 mm. Procedural success was achieved in 150 (97.4%) patients, with reduction of aortic gradients (42.6 ± 14.2 to 10.0 ± 7.0 mm Hg; P < 0.001). Device success was achieved in 133 (86.3%) patients. MV prosthesis interference by the TAVR device was observed in 2 patients; in both, the mitroaortic distance was <5 mm, with 1 complicated by TAVR prosthesis embolization. Periprocedural complications included 4 (2.6%) cerebrovascular accidents, 10 (6.6%) major vascular complications, 22 (14.4%) severe bleedings, 1 (0.7%) myocardial infarction, and 5 (3.2%) in-hospital deaths (all cases cardiovascular or procedure related). At a median follow-up of 13.5 (interquartile range 1.0 to 36.0) months, 26 (16.9%) deaths occurred; 15 (9.7%) were cardiac related. Late fatal mitral prosthesis thromboses occurred in 2 patients. We recorded a case of fatal hemorrhagic stroke; hospital readmission was observed in 25 (16.2%) patients due to worsening heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR in patients with previous mitral prostheses appears to be safe and feasible, with good hemodynamic results at 30-day and at longer-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 371-375, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a well-established treatment option for severe aortic stenosis (AS). AS and coronary artery disease frequently coincide, and therefore some patients may require coronary angiography (CAG) and/or intervention (PCI) post-TAVR. Due to valve stent design, most self-expanding prostheses always cover the coronary ostium, and therefore may hinder future access. The objective of this research was to evaluate the incidence, safety and feasibility of CAG/PCI in patients with prior self-expanding TAVR valves. METHODS: Among 2170 patients (age 82 ±â€¯6 years, 43% male) who underwent TAVR with Corevalve or Evolut prostheses, as part of the Italian CoreValve ClinicalService® framework (data from 13 Italian centers), the occurrence of CAG/PCI following TAVR and periprocedural characteristics were examined. RESULTS: During median follow-up of 379 days, 41 patients (1.9%) required CAG and/or PCI (total 46; 16 CAG, 14 PCI, 16 both PCI/CAG). 56.5% of the procedures were performed under emergency/urgency settings. Left system coronary angiography was successfully performed in most cases (28/32, 87.5%), while right coronary angiography was successful only in 50.0% (16/32). PCI procedures (20 for left system, 3 for right system, 4 for graft) were successfully performed in 93.3% (28/30) of the procedures. No CAG/PCI procedure-related complications including prosthesis dislodgment or coronary ostium dissection occurred. CONCLUSIONS: CAG and PCI procedures following CoreValve TAVR is safe and mostly feasible, although the success rate of selective right coronary angiography was relatively low when compared to the left system. Further investigations are required to explore this issue.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(10): 1718-1726, 2018 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227961

RESUMO

Our aim was to investigate the impact of a baseline New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV on clinical outcomes of a large real-world population who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The primary end points were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and re-hospitalization, evaluated at the longest available follow-up and by means of a 3-month landmark analysis. The secondary end points were: change in NYHA class, left ventricular ejection fraction, pulmonary pressure and mitral regurgitation. Out of 2,467 patients, 271 (11%) had a NYHA functional class IV at the admission. The latter had higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score (9.2% vs 5.5%; p < 0.001) compared to NYHA ≤ III patients, owing to more comorbidities (prior myocardial infarction, severe long-term kidney disease, atrial fibrillation, left ventricular dysfunction, significant mitral regurgitation, pulmonary hypertension). Device success was similar between the two groups (93.7% vs 94.5%; p = 0.583). At a median follow-up of 15 months (interquartile range 4 to 36 months) a lower freedom from primary end points was observed among NYHA IV versus NYHA ≤ III group (survival from all-cause death: 52% vs 58.4%; p = 0.002; survival from cardiovascular death: 72.5% vs 76.5%; p = 0.091; freedom from re-hospitalization: 81.5% vs 85.4%; p = 0.038). However, after adjustment for baseline imbalance, NYHA IV did not influence the relative risk of long-term primary end points. A 3-month landmark analysis showed that NYHA IV independently predicted 3-month all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (hazard ratio: 1.77; 95% CI [1.10 to 2.83]; p = 0.018 and hazard ratio: 1.64; 95% CI [1.03 to 2.59]; p = 0.036, respectively). Instead, after 3-month follow-up NYHA IV did not affect the risk of primary end points. A significant improvement of the secondary end points was noted in both NYHA IV and NYHA ≤≤ III groups. In conclusion, the presence of NYHA class IV in TAVI candidates was associated to a significant increased risk of mortality within 3 months. Patients with baseline NYHA IV who survived at 3 months had a long-term outcome comparable to that of other subjects. Left ventricular systolic function, pulmonary pressure, and mitral insufficiency significantly improved after TAVI regardless of baseline NYHA class IV.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 54(6): 1137-1139, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29873698

RESUMO

Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation is an established therapy to treat elderly patients affected by severe aortic stenosis, who are considered to be at high or extreme risk for surgical aortic valve replacement. The transfemoral approach is contraindicated in patients with severe peripheral artery disease, small vessel size or severe tortuosity. In these patients, other vascular access routes such as transapical, subclavian or direct-aortic access may be considered. We describe the first case of a Medtronic Evolut R (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) implantation made through the brachial artery in a 75-year-old patient affected by severe aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos
15.
Am J Cardiol ; 120(9): 1639-1647, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28844511

RESUMO

Patients with severe aortic stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have a poor prognosis compared with patients with preserved LVEF. To evaluate the impact of early LVEF recovery in patients with baseline dysfunction on clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), we included all consecutive patients who underwent TAVI from the Italian ClinicalService registry with an LVEF of ≤45% at baseline who had 1-month LVEF data. Patients who experienced a previous coronary artery bypass graft, a previous valve replacement, or a previous myocardial infarction were excluded from the analysis. Therefore, 131 patients with an improvement in LVEF of <10% (no-R group) were compared with 121 patients with an improvement in LVEF of ≥10% (R group). The primary end point was the rate of death of any cause. Multivariable analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of lack in LVEF recovery. Early LVEF recovery occurred in 48% of the patients, generally before discharge. One-year all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were significantly higher in the no-early recovery group (log rank test p = 0.005 and p = 0.003, respectively). Baseline severe left ventricular dysfunction and previous percutaneous coronary intervention were identified as independent predictors to warn the lack of improvement in LVEF. In conclusion, nearly 50% of patients with preoperative left ventricular dysfunction demonstrated a significant early improvement in LVEF after TAVI. Lack of early LVEF recovery is associated with a worse clinical outcome and is most likely among patients with a severely abnormal baseline LVEF and a previous percutaneous coronary intervention.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
16.
Int J Cardiol ; 243: 126-131, 2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28595747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite promising results following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), several relevant challenges still remain. To overcome these issues, new generation devices have been developed. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether TAVI with the new self-expanding repositionable Evolut R offers potential benefits compared to the preceding CoreValve, using propensity matching. METHODS: Between June 2007 and November 2015, 2148 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI either CoreValve (n=1846) or Evolut R (n=302) were prospectively included in the Italian TAVI ClinicalService® project. For the purpose of our analysis 211 patients treated with the Evolut R were matched to 211 patients treated with the CoreValve. An independent core laboratory reviewed all angiographic procedural data and an independent clinical events committee adjudicated all events. RESULTS: Patients treated with Evolut R experienced higher 1-year overall survival (log rank test p=0.045) and a significantly lower incidence of major vascular access complications, bleeding events and acute kidney injury compared to patients treated with the CoreValve. Recapture manoeuvres to optimize valve deployment were performed 44 times, allowing a less implantation depth for the Evolut R. As a consequence, the rate of more than mild paravalvular leak and new permanent pacemaker was lower in patients receiving the Evolut R. CONCLUSION: In this matched comparison of high surgical risk patients undergoing TAVI, the use of Evolut R was associated with a significant survival benefit at 1year compared with the CoreValve. This was driven by lower incidence of periprocedural complications and higher rates of correct anatomic positioning.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/normas , Desenho de Prótese/normas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 103(2): e175-e177, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28109383

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has been designed to treat older patients affected by severe aortic stenosis who are considered high-risk surgical candidates because of multiple comorbidities. The least invasive approach for transcatheter aortic valves implantation should be considered the transfemoral retrograde route, because it is minimally invasive and is feasible with local anesthesia and mild sedation. Despite significant technical improvements in recent years, the transfemoral approach is contraindicated in cases of severe peripheral artery disease. We describe the first case of a Portico transcatheter aortic valve implantation system (St. Jude Medical, Minneapolis, MN) made through the distal axillary artery in a 90-year-old patient affected by severe aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artéria Axilar , Bioprótese , Feminino , Seguimentos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 24(1): 19-27, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28078606

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aortic stenosis (AS) is more than only a degenerative disease, it could be also an atherosclerotic-like process involving the valve instead of the vessels. Little is known about the relation of arterial stiffness and AS. AIM: We sought to determine wether pulse wave velocity (PWV), is related to AS severity and to the procedures response, both as surgical aortic-valve-replacement (AVR) and trascatheter-aortic-valve-implantation (TAVI). METHODS: 30 patients with severe AS were treated (15 AVR, 15 TAVI). Before the procedures (t0) and after 1 week (t1) echocardiography and PWV were evaluated. RESULTS: On the whole population, subjects with higher PWV showed higher transvalvular pressure gradient at baseline (mean: 56.5 ± 15.1 vs 45.4 ± 9.5; peak: 93.3 ± 26.4 vs 73.3 ± 14.9, p = 0.02) and, a significantly greater response to the procedures (mean: -42.9 ± 17.2 vs -27.9 ± 10.1, peak: -68.7 ± 29.2 vs -42.8 ± 16.4, p = 0.02). When the two different procedures groups were separated, data were confirmed only in the TAVI subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing procedures for AS, PWV is correlated with transvalvular gradient and, in TAVI subjects, is able to predict the echocardiographic response. Baseline evaluation of PWV in patients candidates to TAVI can help the selection of subjects, even if larger and longer studies are needed before definitive conclusion can be drawn.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Hemodinâmica , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 58(5): 747-754, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27701369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About one-third of candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) suffer from severe peripheral artery disease, making the routine femoral approach difficult or impossible. The aim was to compare the transaxillary (TAx) and the transaortic (TAo) route for TAVI with Medtronic CoreValve Revalving System (CRS). METHODS: Out of 1049 consecutive TAVI with 18F CRS, 242 (23%) were treated in 4 high-volume Italian Centre through TAx (61%) and TAo (39%). RESULTS: The devices success was similar (P=0.16) with a trend to a lower incidence of significant paravalvular leak (6% vs. 14%, P=0.07) and a significant reduction of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation (13% vs. 34%, P=0.017) in the TAo. However, this route showed a higher incidence of acute kidney injury (P=0.016) and a longer hospital stay after the index procedure (days 10 [8-14] vs. 8 [7-12], P=0.001). By a multivariate analysis the vascular access is an independent predictor for a longer hospital stay (TAo route; OR=0.37, 95% CI: 0.18-0.75; P=0.006) and for PPM implantation (TAx route; OR=3.7, 95% CI: 1.2-10.8; P=0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Although the higher clinical risk profile of transaortic population, the TAo approach showed an equally high device success with similar 30-day safety and 1year efficacy, compared to TAx route. However, due to non-procedure-specific complications post-TAo TAVI, this route requires a specialized postoperative care and the treatment of patients in highly specialized and experienced centers.


Assuntos
Aorta , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica , Artéria Axilar , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Axilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Humanos , Itália , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Punções , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 103(5): 1434-1440, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27793402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The direct aortic (DA) approach allows for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with difficult peripheral vascular anatomy. The CoreValve ADVANCE Direct Aortic (ADVANCE DA) study was performed to assess the outcomes of DA TAVI with the CoreValve System (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) in routine practice. METHODS: Patients were selected for the DA approach by local cardiac surgical teams, and TAVI was performed with patients under general anesthesia. Safety events were adjudicated according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions by an independent clinical events committee. All imaging data, including that from multislice computed tomography and follow-up echocardiography, were analyzed by an independent core laboratory. RESULTS: From September 2012 to February 2014, 100 patients were enrolled (52.0% male, age 81.9 ± 5.9 years, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Score 5.9 ± 3.2%) at 9 centers in Europe. Peripheral vascular disease was present in 51.0% of patients, and 38.0% had diabetes. Of the 100 patients enrolled, 92 underwent TAVI. At 30 days after TAVI, 98.1% were free of moderate or severe paravalvular leak. At 1 year, 16 patients had died (Kaplan-Meier rate 17.9%), 1 (1.1%) patient had had a stroke, classified as nondisabling, and 15 (17.0%) patients had received a permanent pacemaker. Most patients experienced improved quality of life as measured by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score (mean change from baseline to 1 year, 39.6 ± 26.3; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The DA approach provides a feasible alternative for patients with challenging anatomic features that may otherwise preclude use of the TAVI procedure.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
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