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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 605-614, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012315

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To cross-culturally adapt and check for the reliability and validity of the neurogenic bladder symptom score questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, in patients with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was culturally adapted according to international guidelines. The Brazilian version was applied in patients diagnosed with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis, twice in a range of 7 to 14 days. Psychometric properties were tested such as content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. Results: Sixty-eight patients participated in the study. Good internal consistency of the Portuguese version was observed, with Cronbach α of 0.81. The test-retest reliability was also high, with an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0.86 [0.76 - 0.92] (p<0.0001). In the construct validity, the Pearson Correlation revealed a moderate correlation between the Portuguese version of the NBSS and the Qualiveen-SF questionnaire (r = 0.66 [0.40-0.82]; p <0.0001). Conclusions: The process of cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the NBSS questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction was concluded.

2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 605-614, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To cross-culturally adapt and check for the reliability and validity of the neurogenic bladder symptom score questionnaire to Brazilian portuguese, in patients with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was culturally adapted according to international guidelines. The Brazilian version was applied in patients diagnosed with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis, twice in a range of 7 to 14 days. Psychometric properties were tested such as content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients participated in the study. Good internal consistency of the Portuguese version was observed, with Cronbach α of 0.81. The test-retest reliability was also high, with an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient of 0.86 [0.76 - 0.92] (p<0.0001). In the construct validity, the Pearson Correlation revealed a moderate correlation between the Portuguese version of the NBSS and the Qualiveen-SF questionnaire (r = 0.66 [0.40-0.82]; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The process of cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the NBSS questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction was concluded.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Avaliação de Sintomas/normas , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Adulto Jovem
3.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215201, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973927

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interstitial Cystitis (IC) is a chronic condition diagnosed based on the presence of symptoms, such as suprapubic/ pelvic pain, pressure or discomfort in association with urgency and increased urinary frequency. Confusable diseases must be excluded. However, there is no objective test or marker to establish the presence of the disease. Diagnosis and patient management is often difficult, given the poor understanding of IC pathogenesis and its unknown etiology and genetics. As an attempt to find biomarkers related to IC, we assessed the association between 20 selected single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) with IC and pain severity. OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of SNPs in IC patients' blood samples and correlate them with the disease and chronic pain condition. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted. We selected 34 female patients with IC diagnosed according to NIDDK criteria and 23 patients in the control group (previously healthy women with only stress urinary incontinence). IC patients were allocated into two groups according to reported chronic pain severity. We selected the following SNPs for analysis: rs1800871, rs1800872, rs1800896, rs1800471, rs1800629, rs361525, rs1800497, rs6311, rs6277, rs6276, rs6313, rs2835859, rs11127292, rs2243248, rs6887695, rs3212227, rs1799971, rs12579350, rs3813034, and rs6746030. Genotyping was performed by real-time PCR (q-PCR). RESULTS: The polymorphic allele of SNP rs11127292 exhibited a higher frequency in subjects with IC than in controls (p:0.01). The polymorphic allele of SNP rs6311 was more frequent in patients with severe pain (p:0.03). The frequency of the wild-type allele of SNP rs1799971 was higher in patients with mild to moderate pain (p:0.04). CONCLUSION: The results indicated differences in SNP frequency among subjects, suggesting that SNPs could serve either as a marker of IC or as a marker of pain severity in IC patients. The study showed promising results regarding IC and polymorphism associations. These associations have not been previously reported.

4.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 38(4): 1184, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30859613
5.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30350875

RESUMO

AIMS: To report the recommendations of the 6th International Consultation on Incontinence (ICI) on post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence. METHODS: The 6th ICI committee on surgical treatment of urinary incontinence in men assessed and reviewed the outcomes of surgical therapy and updated the prior recommendations published in 2013. Articles from peer-reviewed journals, abstracts from scientific meetings, and literature searches by hand and electronically formed the basis of this review. The resulting guidelines were presented at the 2016 ICI meeting in Tokyo, Japan. RESULTS: Voiding diary and pad tests are valuable for assessing quantity of leakage. Cystoscopy and/or urodynamics may be useful in guiding therapy depending on the type of incontinence and presumed etiology. Artificial Urinary Sphincter (AUS) is the preferred treatment for men with moderate to severe stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after RP. Male slings are an acceptable approach for men with mild to moderate SUI. Much discussion centers on the definition of moderate SUI. Injectable agents have a poor success rate in men with SUI. Options for recurrent SUI due to urethral atrophy after AUS implantation include changing the pressure balloon, downsizing the cuff and increasing the amount of fluid in the system. Infection and/or erosion demand surgical removal or revision of all or part of the prosthesis. CONCLUSIONS: Although there are several series reporting the outcomes of different surgical interventions for PPUI, there is still a need for prospective randomized clinical trials. Recommendations for future research include standardized workup and outcome measures, and complete reporting of adverse events at long-term.

6.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 37(8): 2833-2840, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30095196

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare the impact of the different routes for clean intermittent catheterization on the quality of life of children with lower urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all children and adolescents under treatment in our clinic from August 2011 to May 2012 who were on CIC for bladder dysfunction were included. To evaluate the technical difficulty and the discomfort associated with the procedure we used a standard visual analog scale. Quality of life was measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Version 4.0. RESULTS: A total of 70 children including 38 (54.3%) boys and 32 (45.7%) girls with a mean age of 11.8 ± 3.6 years (range 5 to 18 years) were evaluated. The mean daily number of catheterizations was 4.2 ± 1.1. CIC was performed through the urethra in 51 (72.9%) subjects and a stoma in 19 (27.1%). A 45 (64.3%) were assisted by a caregiver to perform a catheterization. No differences in both difficulty and discomfort for performing CIC were observed between groups. Children who performed CIC through a stoma had a better quality of life scores for the physical (P = 0.015) and social functioning domains (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: The quality of life of children and adolescents performing CIC appears to be affected by the route of catheterization, with a worse performance for those using urethral catheterization.

7.
Int J Biomater ; 2018: 8040893, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29483927

RESUMO

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) has borrowed principles of treatment from hernia repair and in the last two decades we saw reinforcement materials to treat POP with good outcomes in terms of anatomy but with alarming complication rates. Polypropylene meshes to specifically treat POP have been withdrawn from market by manufactures and a blank space was left to be filled with new materials. Macroporous monofilament meshes are ideal candidates and electrospinning emerged as a reliable method capable of delivering production reproducibility and customization. In this review, we point out some pathways that seem logical to be followed but have been only researched in last couple of years.

8.
Urology ; 113: 20-25, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29074337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current evidence and to identify associated risk factors that increase the incidence of this complication. Fluoroquinolone (FQ) has been considered the first-line therapy for uncomplicated urinary infections. FQ has been associated with Achilles tendon disorders, especially during the first month of treatment. METHODS: Data sources searched included PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus from January 1988 to June 2017. RESULTS: A total of 79 articles were used, with ciprofloxacin representing the most common drug. CONCLUSION: We found that male gender, advanced age, normal body mass index, chronic renal failure, and concurrent use of corticosteroids increase the risk of Achilles tendon disorders.

9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(5): 822-834, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-892893

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Synthetic suburethral slings have become the most widely used technique for the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Despite its high success rates, significant complications have been reported including bleeding, urethral or bladder injury, urethral or bladder mesh erosion, intestinal perforation, vaginal extrusion of mesh, urinary tract infection, pain, urinary urgency and bladder outlet obstruction. Recent warnings from important regulatory agencies worldwide concerning safety issues of the use of mesh for urogynecological reconstruction have had a strong impact on patients as well as surgeons and manufacturers. In this paper, we reviewed the literature regarding surgical morbidity associated with synthetic suburethral slings.

10.
Sex Med ; 5(3): e148-e155, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28823312

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is usually a sudden traumatic event and has a negative effect on sexual function. AIM: To evaluate the characteristics of sexual activity in men with SCI and identify predictors of being sexually active and having a satisfactory sex life. METHODS: We assessed sexual activity profiles of men with SCI from a Brazilian tertiary rehabilitation center from February to August 2012. All patients older than 18 years with SCI for longer than 1 year were invited to participate. We analyzed age, time since SCI, patient age at SCI, employment status, partner status, completeness of lesion, functional independence, urinary continence, and Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The SHIM was used to assess erectile function (EF). Satisfaction with sex life was analyzed as a dichotomous variable. Predictors of an active and satisfactory sex life were identified using univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: We evaluated 295 men with mean age of 40.7 ± 14.5 years. Most patients had a complete SCI (65.1%) and 159 (53.9%) were incontinent. The median SHIM score was 5 (interquartile range = 0-16) and only 71 men (24.1%) had a SHIM score of at least 17. Of these men, 159 (53.9%) were sexually active. Only 63 men (39.6%) were satisfied with their sex life after SCI. In univariable analysis, all variables were associated with an active sex life. Those with a SHIM score of at least 17 had a greater likelihood of being sexually active (odds ratio = 116, 95% confidence interval = 14-432). EF was the only parameter associated with a satisfactory sex life (odds ratio = 1.3, 95% confidence interval = 1.2-1.4). CONCLUSIONS: Most men with SCI were sexually inactive and/or dissatisfied with their sex life. Age, duration of SCI, completeness of SCI, continence, having a partner, and good EF were identified as predictors of an active sex life. However, only EF was a predictor of a satisfactory sex life. Gomes CM, Miranda EP, de Bessa J, et al. Erectile Function Predicts Sexual Satisfaction in Men With Spinal Cord Injury. Sex Med 2017;5:e148-e155.

11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 7: CD001754, 2017 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28743177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence constitutes a significant health and economic burden to society. Traditional suburethral slings are one of the surgical operations used to treat women with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of traditional suburethral slings on stress or mixed incontinence in comparison with other management options. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register (searched 3 June 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised or quasi-randomised trials that included traditional suburethral slings for the treatment of stress or mixed urinary incontinence. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least three reviewers independently extracted data from included trials onto a standard form and assessed trial methodological quality. The data abstracted were relevant to predetermined outcome measures. Where appropriate, we calculated a summary statistic: a relative risk for dichotomous data and a weighted mean difference for continuous data. MAIN RESULTS: We included 26 trials involving 2284 women. The quality of evidence was moderate for most trials and there was generally short follow-up ranging from 6 to 24 months.One medium-sized trial compared traditional suburethral sling operations with oxybutynin in the treatment of women with mixed urinary incontinence. Surgery appeared to be more effective than drugs in treating participant-reported incontinence (n = 75, risk ratio (RR) 0.18, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.08 to 0.43).One trial found that traditional slings were more effective than transurethral injectable treatment (RR for clinician-assessed incontinence within a year 0.21, 95% CI 0.09 to 0.21)Seven trials compared slings with open abdominal retropubic colposuspension. Participant-reported incontinence was lower with the slings after one year (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.90), but not when assessed by clinicians. Colposuspension, however, was associated with fewer peri-operative complications, shorter duration of use of indwelling catheter and less long-term voiding dysfunction. One study showed there was a 20% lower risk of bladder perforation with the sling procedure but a 50% increase in urinary tract infection with the sling procedure compared with colposuspension. Fewer women developed prolapse after slings (compared with after colposuspension) in two small trials but this did not reach statistical significance.Twelve trials addressed the comparison between traditional sling operations and minimally invasive sling operations. These seemed to be equally effective in the short term (RR for incontinence within first year 0.97, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.20) but minimally invasive slings had a shorter operating time, fewer peri-operative complications (other than bladder perforation) and some evidence of less post-operative voiding dysfunction and detrusor symptoms.Six trials compared one type of traditional sling with another. Materials included porcine dermis, lyophilised dura mater, fascia lata, vaginal wall, autologous dermis and rectus fascia. Participant-reported improvement rates within the first year favoured the traditional autologous material rectus fascia over other biological materials (RR 0.45, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.98). There were more complications with the use of non-absorbable Gore-Tex in one trial.Data for comparison of bladder neck needle suspension with suburethral slings were inconclusive because they came from a single trial with a small specialised population.No trials compared traditional suburethral slings with anterior repair, laparoscopic retropubic colposuspension or artificial sphincters. Most trials did not distinguish between women having surgery for primary or recurrent incontinence when reporting participant characteristics.For most of the comparisons, clinically important differences could not be ruled out. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Traditional slings seem to be as effective as minimally invasive slings, but had higher rates of adverse effects. This should be interpreted with some caution however, as the quality of evidence for the studies was variable, follow-up short and populations small, particularly for identifying complication rates. Tradional sling procedures appeared to confer a similar cure rate in comparison to open retropubic colposuspension, but the long-term adverse event profile is still unclear. A brief economic commentary (BEC) identified two studies suggesting that traditional slings may be more cost-effective compared with collagen injection but not cost-effective when compared with minimally invasive sling operations. Reliable evidence to clarify whether or not traditional suburethral slings may be better or worse than other surgical or conservative management options is lacking.


Assuntos
Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Politetrafluoretileno/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/economia , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Prostate Int ; 5(2): 70-74, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28593170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between detrusor collagen content and urodynamic parameters in men with benign prostatic obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients undergoing open prostatectomy for bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were evaluated. Urodynamic tests were performed in all patients. BOO and detrusor contractility were assessed with the BOO index (BOOI) and the bladder contractility index (BCI), respectively. A bladder fragment was obtained during prostatectomy. Eight cadaveric organ donors composed the control group. Bladder sections were stained with picrosirius red and hematoxylin-eosin. The collagen to smooth muscle ratio (C/M) in the detrusor was measured and its relationship with urodynamic parameters was investigated. RESULTS: Seven (36.8%) patients were operated on due to lower urinary tract symptoms and 12 (63.2%) had urinary retention. The mean prostate volume was 128.6 cm3 ± 32.3 cm3, the mean BOOI was 76.4 ± 33.0, and the mean BCI was 116.1 ± 33.7. The mean C/M in BPH patients and controls were 0.43 ± 0.13 and 0.33 ± 0.09, respectively (P = 0.042). A negative correlation was shown between C/M and bladder compliance (r = -0.488, P = 0.043). The C/M was increased in BPH patients with detrusor overactivity (DO) compared to those without DO (0.490 ± 0.110 and 0.360 ± 0.130, respectively; P = 0.030) and also in patients with urinary retention (P = 0.002). No correlation was shown between C/M and maximum cystometric capacity, BOOI, or BCI. CONCLUSION: Men with BOO/BPH have increased detrusor collagen content which is associated with decreased bladder compliance, detrusor overactivity, and urinary retention.

13.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 36(8): 2011-2018, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28346707

RESUMO

AIMS: Investigate the effect of a novel cell-based therapy with skeletal muscle-derived mononuclear cells (SMDMCs) in a rat model of stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Male Wistar-Kyoto rats' hind limb muscles were enzymatically dissociated, and SMDMCs were isolated without needing expansion. The cell population was characterized. Twenty female rats underwent urethrolysis. One week later, 10 rats received periurethral injection of 106 cells (SMDMC group), and 10 rats received saline injections (Saline group). Ten rats underwent sham surgery (Sham group). Four weeks after injection, animals were euthanized and the urethra was removed. The incorporation of SMDMCs in the female urethra was evaluated with fluorescence in situ hybridization for the detection of Y-chromosomes. Hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome staining, and immunohistochemistry for actin and myosin were performed. The muscle/connective tissue, actin and myosin ratios were calculated. Morphological evaluation of the urethral diameters and fractional areas of the lumen, mucosa, and muscular layer was performed. RESULTS: SMDMCs population was consistent with the presence of muscle cells, muscle satellite cells, perivascular cells, muscle progenitor cells, and endothelial cells. SMDMCs were incorporated into the urethra. A significant decrease in the muscle/connective tissue ratio was observed in the Saline group compared with the SMDMC and Sham groups. The proportions of actin and myosin were significantly decreased in the Saline group. No differences were observed in the morphometric parameters. CONCLUSIONS: SDMSC were incorporated into the rat urethra and promoted histological recovery of the damaged urethral sphincter, resulting in decreased connective tissue deposition and increased muscle content.


Assuntos
Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/citologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra/fisiologia
14.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(5): 822-834, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266818

RESUMO

Synthetic suburethral slings have become the most widely used technique for the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Despite its high success rates, significant complications have been reported including bleeding, urethral or bladder injury, urethral or bladder mesh erosion, intestinal perforation, vaginal extrusion of mesh, urinary tract infection, pain, urinary urgency and bladder outlet obstruction. Recent warnings from important regulatory agencies worldwide concerning safety issues of the use of mesh for urogynecological reconstruction have had a strong impact on patients as well as surgeons and manufacturers. In this paper, we reviewed the literature regarding surgical morbidity associated with synthetic suburethral slings.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/instrumentação
15.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 97(6): 947-52, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26827830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess different aspects of sexual function in men with spinal cord injury (SCI) using the Male Sexual Quotient (MSQ), a newly developed tool to assess sexual function and satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=295) older than 18 years (mean age ± SD, 40.7±14.5y) with SCI for more than 1 year (median time since SCI, 3.6y; range, 1.6-7.0y) were assessed from February to August 2012. Patients completed the MSQ questionnaire and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Performance in various domains of sexual function was evaluated using the MSQ and SHIM questionnaires. RESULTS: Erectile function, ejaculation, and orgasm were the most severely affected domains. The median MSQ score was 40 (range, 8-66), and the median SHIM score was 5 (range, 0-16). The diagnostic properties of the 2 instruments were similar in the discrimination of sexually active subjects. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was .950 (95% confidence interval [CI], .923-.979) for the MSQ and .942 (95% CI, .915-.968) for the SHIM. There was a strong correlation between the 2 instruments (r=.826; 95% CI, .802-.878). CONCLUSIONS: Different domains of sexual function are severely impaired in men with SCI, although their sexual interest remains high. The MSQ and SHIM scores strongly correlate, but the MSQ provides a more comprehensive assessment of sexual dysfunction in male patients with SCI.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/normas , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
16.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 35(1): 39-43, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25212666

RESUMO

AIMS: We assessed the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and urodynamic findings in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMO-SD), a recently defined neurological disease. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated seven men and 23 women (mean age 41.1 ± 13.5 years) with an established diagnosis of NMO-SD who were invited to participate irrespective of the presence of LUTS. Neurological evaluation was assessed with the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and LUTS were evaluated with the Overactive Bladder questionnaire (OAB-V8) and the International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS). All patients underwent videourodynamics, transabdominal urinary tract sonography, urine culture, and serum creatinine levels. RESULTS: The mean time of disease duration was 33.8 ± 30.8 months. Neurological evaluation showed a mean EDSS score of 5.3 ± 1.8. The most frequent videourodynamic findings were detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) and detrusor overactivity (DO) in 11 (36.6%) patients, DSD without DO in seven (23.3%) and DO without DSD in six (20.0%) patients. Voiding dysfunction assessed by I-PSS and OAB-V8 increased with the degree of neurological impairment (P = 0.018; r = 0.42 and P = 0.006; r = 0.48 respectively). Patients with DSD had higher I-PSS (18.5 ± 11.4 vs 7.0 ± 9.2; P = 0.029) and OAB-V8 scores (22.8 ± 15.8vs 9.1 ± 7.8; P = 0.008), and worse neurological impairment (mean EDSS 5.9 ± 1.8 vs 4.5 ± 1.5; P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with NMO-SD have LUTS and voiding dysfunction, with DSD and DO as the main urodynamic findings. The severity of the neurological disease is a predictive factor for the occurrence of voiding dysfunction and detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Neuromielite Óptica/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Urinários/fisiopatologia , Micção/fisiologia , Urodinâmica/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/complicações , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuromielite Óptica/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos Urinários/complicações , Transtornos Urinários/diagnóstico
17.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 35(5): 551-63, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25810035

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, and lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction is one of the most common autonomic disorders with an estimated incidence rate of 27-80%. Studies have shown that bladder dysfunction significantly influences quality-of-life (QOL) measures, early institutionalisation, and health economics. We review the pathophysiology of bladder dysfunction in PD, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), objective assessment, and treatment options. In patients with PD, disruption of the dopamine D1-GABAergic direct pathway may lead to LUTS. Overactive bladder (OAB) is the most common LUT symptom in PD patients, and an objective assessment using urodynamics commonly shows detrusor overactivity (DO) in these patients. The post-void residual (PVR) volume is minimal in PD, which differs significantly from multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients who have a more progressive disease that leads to urinary retention. However, subclinical detrusor weakness during voiding may also occur in PD. Regarding bladder management, there are no large, double-blind, prospective studies in this area. It is well recognised that dopaminergic drugs can improve or worsen LUTS in PD patients. Therefore, an add-on therapy with anticholinergics is required. Beta-3 adrenergic agonists are a potential treatment option because there are little to no central cognitive events. Newer interventions, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), are expected to improve bladder dysfunction in PD. Botulinum toxin injections can be used to treat intractable urinary incontinence in PD. Transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP) for comorbid BPH in PD is now recognised to be not contraindicated if MSA is excluded. Collaboration of urologists with neurologists is highly recommended to maximise a patients' bladder-associated QOL. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:551-563, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/fisiopatologia , Bexiga Urinária/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Urinários/fisiopatologia , Antiparkinsonianos/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda , Dopamina/metabolismo , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/complicações , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/tratamento farmacológico , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/etiologia , Transtornos Urinários/etiologia , Urodinâmica
18.
Urology ; 86(3): 492-7, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26163810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the etiological uropathogens and the susceptibility profile findings on urine culture between sporadic cases of community-acquired, uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) and recurrent UTI cases in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 1629 women with uncomplicated UTI evaluated at our hospital between January 2007 and December 2012. Patients were divided into 2 groups: (1) no recurrent UTI and (2) recurrent UTI. We analyzed the microbiological findings and compared susceptibility profiles between groups. RESULTS: A total of 420 women were included. Group 1 had 233 (55.5%) patients and group 2 had 187 (44.5%). Escherichia coli was the most common agent in both groups (76.4% and 74.3%, respectively; P = .625), whereas Staphylococcus saprophyticus (8.2%) was the second most common in group 1, and Enterococcus faecalis was the second most common in group 2 (8.0%). Nitrofurantoin was the only oral agent that maintained the susceptibility profile in both groups (87.1% and 88.7%, respectively; P = .883). For E coli infections, only nitrofurantoin and amoxicillin/clavulanate maintained susceptibility rates more than 90% in both groups. CONCLUSION: UTI episodes in patients with recurrent UTI had similar bacterial spectra, but different susceptibility profiles compared with those from patients with nonrecurrent infections. The susceptibility rate for nitrofurantoin in patients with recurrent UTI remained high and comparable to the observed in patients with sporadic UTI, reinforcing its indication for empirical treatment while waiting for urine culture results.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Urinários/uso terapêutico , Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Enterococcus faecalis/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitrofurantoína/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Staphylococcus saprophyticus/isolamento & purificação , Adulto Jovem
19.
Neuroepidemiology ; 44(2): 85-90, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25765118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological features of spinal cord injury (SCI) have been changing over the last decades. We evaluated the contemporary trends in the epidemiology of traumatic SCI patients from a rehabilitation center. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a consecutive series of 348 patients with traumatic SCI were evaluated. Variables were collected through an epidemiological form, which included gender, age at injury, duration and cause of SCI. We investigated SCI epidemiological trends over time including the association between gender and age at injury with SCI features such as etiology, injury severity and level. RESULTS: The mean age at SCI has increased from 26.0 ± 11.8 in patients with SCI before 2003 to 37.9 ± 15.7 in those with SCI after 2009 (p < 0.001). Gunshot wounds were the main cause of injury in patients with SCI before 2003, dropping from 40.6 to 16.9% after 2009 and being surpassed by road traffic injuries (38.6%) and falls (31.4%) after 2009 (p < 0.001). Gender, SCI severity and level have not changed significantly over the time. CONCLUSIONS: There was a major increase in the average age of patients as well as changes in the etiology of SCI over the past fifteen years, including a significant decrease in gunshot wounds and an increase in the frequency of road traffic injuries and falls. These changes and accompanying risk factors must be taken into consideration when planning measures to prevent SCI.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Int Neurourol J ; 18(2): 86-90, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24987561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lower urinary tract symptoms are numerous, but the specific impact of each of these symptoms on the quality of life (QoL) has not been evaluated in community-dwelling men. An assessment of these symptoms and their effects on QoL was the focus of this study. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study with 373 men aged >50 years from a community setting. Patients completed the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire, which includes questions on each of the specific urinary symptoms and a question addressing health-related QoL that are graded from 0 to 5. We used the Pearson correlation test to assess the impact of each symptom on QoL. RESULTS: Nocturia (58.9%) was the most prevalent urinary symptom. The mean score was 0.9±1.4 for incomplete emptying, 1.0±1.5 for frequency, 0.9±1.3 for intermittency, 0.8±1.3 for urgency, 1.0±1.5 for weak stream, 0.5±1.0 for straining, and 2.0±1.6 for nocturia. Nocturia and frequency were the only symptoms associated with poorer QoL, with nocturia showing a stronger association. CONCLUSIONS: Nocturia affects 50% of community dwelling men aged >50 years, and is the lower urinary tract symptom with the greatest negative impact on QoL.

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