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Nano Lett ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441915


Single layers of two-dimensional (2D) materials hold the promise for further miniaturization of semiconductor electronic devices. However, the metal-semiconductor contact resistance limits device performance. To mitigate this problem, we propose modulation doping, specifically a doping layer placed on the opposite side of a metal-semiconductor interface. Using first-principles calculations to obtain the band alignment, we show that the Schottky barrier height and, consequently, the contact resistance at the metal-semiconductor interface can be reduced by modulation doping. We demonstrate the feasibility of this approach for a single-layer tungsten diselenide (WSe2) channel and 2D MXene modulation doping layers, interfaced with several different metal contacts. Our results indicate that the Fermi level of the metal can be shifted across the entire band gap. This approach can be straight-forwardly generalized for other 2D semiconductors and a wide variety of doping layers.

Nature ; 595(7865): 48-52, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194017


One of the first theoretically predicted manifestations of strong interactions in many-electron systems was the Wigner crystal1-3, in which electrons crystallize into a regular lattice. The crystal can melt via either thermal or quantum fluctuations4. Quantum melting of the Wigner crystal is predicted to produce exotic intermediate phases5,6 and quantum magnetism7,8 because of the intricate interplay of Coulomb interactions and kinetic energy. However, studying two-dimensional Wigner crystals in the quantum regime has often required a strong magnetic field9-11 or a moiré superlattice potential12-15, thus limiting access to the full phase diagram of the interacting electron liquid. Here we report the observation of bilayer Wigner crystals without magnetic fields or moiré potentials in an atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenide heterostructure, which consists of two MoSe2 monolayers separated by hexagonal boron nitride. We observe optical signatures of robust correlated insulating states at symmetric (1:1) and asymmetric (3:1, 4:1 and 7:1) electron doping of the two MoSe2 layers at cryogenic temperatures. We attribute these features to bilayer Wigner crystals composed of two interlocked commensurate triangular electron lattices, stabilized by inter-layer interaction16. The Wigner crystal phases are remarkably stable, and undergo quantum and thermal melting transitions at electron densities of up to 6 × 1012 per square centimetre and at temperatures of up to about 40 kelvin. Our results demonstrate that an atomically thin heterostructure is a highly tunable platform for realizing many-body electronic states and probing their liquid-solid and magnetic quantum phase transitions4-8,17.