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1.
Anaerobe ; 52: 75-78, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890209

RESUMO

In recent years, reports of NAP1/RT027/ST01 epidemic strains of Clostridium difficile producing outbreaks of healthcare-associated diarrhea have increased in America and Europe. We cultivated multidrug-resistant NAP1/RT027/ST01 strains from the FQR2 linage from TcdA/TcdB+ stool samples obtained from patients in two Honduran hospitals. The PFGE macrorestriction patterns of two of the isolates were new. These bacteria were toxigenic and induced with different magnitude classical cytopathic effects on HeLa cells. Besides their resistance to twelve antibiotics, including to clindamycin, fluoroquinolones, linezolid and tigecycline. In this regard, they show the gyrA mutation that typifies epidemic C. difficile genotypes and carry cfr-like genes in different molecular contexts, respectively. These results confirm the spread of multidrug-resistant NAP1/RT027/ST01 strains in Central America with potential idiosyncratic adaptations.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , /isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Clostridium/microbiologia , Diarreia/microbiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Clindamicina/farmacologia , /genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Feminino , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Honduras , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 18(2): 53-56, 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-785623

RESUMO

La enfermedad de Caroli es una condición congénita poco frecuente, cuya incidencia se estima en 1 caso por millón. Se caracteriza por dilataciones saculares o fusiformes de las vías biliares. Entre las manifestaciones clínicas se encuentran dolor en hipocondrio derecho, fiebre e ictericia, estas crisis de colangitis secundarias a estasis biliar, y sepsis. Su diagnóstico se basa en el hallazgo de lesiones quísticas en árbol biliar, pueden observarse por ecografía, tomografía computarizada. Presentamos a paciente femenino de 37 años, acude a emergencia de Medicina Interna del Hospital Escuela, de la ciudad deTegucigalpa, Honduras, manifestando signos y síntomas de colangitis aguda e ictericia. Al examen físico presenta abdomen globoso y doloroso a expensas de una hepatomegalia marcada. Nuestra paciente presento episodios de colangitis recurrente. La tomografía computarizada revela múltiples espacios quísticos en ambos lóbulos hepáticos y se encontró lesiones quísticas en el árbol biliar. Excluyendo, colangitis esclerosante, quiste hidatídico, quiste del colédoco y dilatación ductal hereditaria, y confirmando la sospecha diagnostica de enfermedad de Caroli.


Caroli disease is a rare congenital condition, which incidence is estimated at 1 case per million. Characterized by saccular or fusiform dilation of the bile. Clinical manifestations include right upper quadrant pain, fever and jaundice, these crisis of cholangitis are secondary to biliary stasis, and sepsis. Diagnosis is based on the discovery of cystic lesions in biliary tree, it may be seen by ultrasound, computed tomography. We present a case of female patient with 37-year-old, who attends to the emergency service of internal medicine of the Hospital Escuela Universitario of the city ofTegucigalpa, Honduras, manifesting signs and symptoms of acute cholangitis and jaundice. Physical examination reveals globose and painful abdomen at the expense of a marked he-patomegaly. Our patient presented episodes of recurrent cholangitis, the computed tomography reveals multiple cystic spaces in both lobes and was found lesions in the biliary tree. Excluding, sclerosing cholangitis, hydatid cyst, bile duct and hereditary ductal dilatation, and confirmed the suspected diagnosis of Caroli's disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Doença de Caroli/genética , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Colangiografia/métodos
3.
JAMA ; 286(7): 853-60, Aug. 2001. maps, tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-110

RESUMO

Central America is an area with a growing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, but with marked limitations in its health care infrastructure. Estimated adult HIV infection rates range from 0.20 percent in Nicaragua to 2.01 percent in Belize. Hospitals and clinicans with experience in HIV care exist mainly, if not only, in capital cities and principal economic centers. Nationally sponsored social security systems in each country consistently offer a wider range of services than do ministry of health systems. Estimated access to the social security system ranges from 0 percent in Belize and 10 percent of the population in Honduras to 95 percent in Costa Rica. Combination antiretroviral therapy is not available through the ministries of health and zidovudine is only sporadically available for prevention of perinatal transmission. Combination therapy is available through the social security system in the countries of Guatemala, Panama and Costa Rica only. A wide variety of antiretroviral agents are available through private pharmacies in all countries except Belize. With the exception of Costa Ricans, most people with HIV infection in Central America have limited access to HIV-specific health services and limited or no access to antiretroviral agents. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Belize/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
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