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Technol Health Care ; 2023 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36970916


BACKGROUND: The BHOHB system (Bhohb S.r.l., Italy) is a portable non-invasive photographic marker-based device for postural examination. OBJECTIVE: To assess the test-retest reliability of the BHOHB system and compare its reliability with an optoelectronic system (SMART-DX 700, BTS, Italy). METHODS: Thirty volunteers were instructed to stand upright with five markers on the spinous processes of C7, T6, T12, L3 and S1 vertebrae to define the dorsal kyphosis and lumbar lordosis (sagittal plane) angles. Three markers were placed on the great trochanter, apex of iliac crest and lateral condyle of the femur to detect pelvic tilt. Finally, to define angles between the acromion and the spinous processes (frontal plane), two markers were placed on the right and left acromion. Postural angles were recoded simultaneously with BHOHB and optoelectronic systems during two consecutive recording sessions. RESULTS: The BHOHB system revealed excellent reliability for all the angles (ICCs: 0.92-0.99, SEM: 0.78∘-3.33∘) as well as a shorter processing time compared to the optoelectronic system. Excellent reliability was also found for all the angles detected through the optoelectronic system (ICCs: 0.91-0.99, SEM: 0.84∘-2.80∘). CONCLUSION: The BHOHB system resulted as a reliable non-invasive and user-friendly device to monitor spinal posture, especially in subjects requiring repeat examinations.

Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678173


Digital anthropometry (DA) has been recently developed for body composition evaluation and for postural analysis. The aims of this review are to examine the current state of DA technology, as well as to verify the methods for identifying the best technology to be used in the field of DA by evaluating the reliability and accuracy of the available technologies on the market, and lay the groundwork for future technological developments. A literature search was performed and 28 studies met the inclusion criteria. The reliability and accuracy of DA was high in most studies, especially in the assessment of patients with obesity, although they varied according to the technology used; a good correlation was found between DA and conventional anthropometry (CA) and body composition estimates. DA is less time-consuming and less expensive and could be used as a screening tool before more expensive imaging techniques or as an alternative to other less affordable techniques. At present, DA could be useful in clinical practice, but the heterogeneity of the available studies (different devices used, laser technologies, population examined, etc.) necessitates caution in the interpretation of the obtained results. Furthermore, the need to develop integrated technologies for analyzing body composition according to multi-compartmental models is increasingly evident.

Composição Corporal , Tecnologia , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Antropometria/métodos , Tecnologia Digital
Front Physiol ; 13: 801709, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250612


The measurement of physiological parameters is fundamental to assess the health status of an individual. The contactless monitoring of vital signs may provide benefits in various fields of application, from healthcare and clinical setting to occupational and sports scenarios. Recent research has been focused on the potentiality of camera-based systems working in the visible range (380-750 nm) for estimating vital signs by capturing subtle color changes or motions caused by physiological activities but invisible to human eyes. These quantities are typically extracted from videos framing some exposed body areas (e.g., face, torso, and hands) with adequate post-processing algorithms. In this review, we provided an overview of the physiological and technical aspects behind the estimation of vital signs like respiratory rate, heart rate, blood oxygen saturation, and blood pressure from digital images as well as the potential fields of application of these technologies. Per each vital sign, we provided the rationale for the measurement, a classification of the different techniques implemented for post-processing the original videos, and the main results obtained during various applications or in validation studies. The available evidence supports the premise of digital cameras as an unobtrusive and easy-to-use technology for physiological signs monitoring. Further research is needed to promote the advancements of the technology, allowing its application in a wide range of population and everyday life, fostering a biometrical holistic of the human body (BHOHB) approach.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 579401, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101211


It's a frightening time due to COVID-19, but the great elderly/centenarians, apparently with more frailty, seem to have a better response to the pandemic. "The South Italy" lifestyle seems an "effective strategy" promoting the well-being embedded in a holistic solution: healthy diet, less exposure to PM10 pollution, protected environment, and moderate physical activity. The European FP7 Project RISTOMED results, since 2010, have shown that dietary intervention improved a heathy status in the elderly people. Based on the RISTOMED results, in addition to sociocultural and environmental factors, the authors suggest an integrated approach for resilience to COVID-19. Such an approach during the next months could make the difference for the success of any government progress policy to fight COVID-19, finalizing long-term well-being and successful aging.

Envelhecimento , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Dieta Mediterrânea , Estilo de Vida , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Conscientização , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico
Clin Nutr ; 34(4): 593-602, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25453395


OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a personalized diet, with or without addition of VSL#3 preparation, on biomarkers of inflammation, nutrition, oxidative stress and intestinal microbiota in 62 healthy persons aged 65-85 years. DESIGN: Open label, randomized, multicenter study. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein. SETTING: Community. INTERVENTIONS: Eight week web-based dietary advice (RISTOMED platform) alone or with supplementation of VSL#3 (2 capsules per day). The RISTOMED diet was optimized to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress. MEASUREMENTS: Blood and stool samples were collected on days 1 and 56. RESULTS: Diet alone reduced ESR (p = 0.02), plasma levels of cholesterol (p < 0.01) and glucose (p = 0.03). Addition of VSL#3 reduced ESR (p = 0.05) and improved folate (p = 0.007), vitamin B12 (p = 0.001) and homocysteine (p < 0.001) plasma levels. Neither intervention demonstrated any further effects on inflammation. Subgroup analysis showed 40 participants without signs of low-grade inflammation (hsCRP<3 mg/l, subgroup 1) and 21 participants with low-grade inflammation at baseline (hsCRP≥3 mg/l, subgroup 2). In subgroup 2 addition of VSL#3 increased bifidobacteria (p = 0.005) in more participants and improved both folate (p = 0.015) and vitamin B12 (p = 0.035) levels compared with subgroup 1. The increases were positively correlated to the change in the bifidobacteria concentration for folate (p = 0.023) and vitamin B12 (p = 0.001). As expected change in homocysteine correlated negatively to change in folate (r = -0.629, p = 0.002) and vitamin B12 (r = -0.482, p = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: Addition of VSL#3 increased bifidobacteria and supported adequate folate and vitamin B12 concentrations in subjects with low-grade inflammation. Decrease in homocysteine with VSL#3 was clinically relevant. suggesting protective potentials for aging-associated conditions, e.g. cardiovascular or neurological diseases. NCT01069445-NCT01179789.

Suplementos Nutricionais , Comportamento Alimentar , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Inflamação/terapia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Dieta , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/sangue , Homocisteína/sangue , Humanos , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/metabolismo , Lactobacillus plantarum/metabolismo , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Streptococcus thermophilus/metabolismo , Vitamina B 12/sangue