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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Follow-up is integral for hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) care to ensure surveillance and intervention for complications. We characterized the incidence of, and predictors for, being lost to follow-up. METHODS: Two-year survivors of first allogeneic (10,367 adults and 3,865 children) or autologous (7,291 adults and 467 children) HCT for malignant/non-malignant disorders from 2002-2013 reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research were selected. The cumulative incidence of being lost to follow-up (defined as having missed 2 consecutive follow-up reporting periods) was calculated. Marginal Cox models (adjusted for center effect) were fit to evaluate predictors. RESULTS: The 10-year cumulative incidence of being lost to follow-up among adult allogeneic and autologous HCT survivors was 13% (95% CI, 12-14) and 15% (95% CI, 14-16), respectively. Among pediatric HCT survivors, estimates were 25% (95% CI, 24-27) and 24% (95% CI, 20-29), respectively. In adult allogeneic HCT survivors, younger age, non-malignant disease, public/no insurance (reference: private), living farther from the HCT center, and being unmarried were associated with being lost to follow-up. For adult autologous HCT survivors, older age and testicular/germ cell tumor (reference: non-Hodgkin lymphoma) were associated with greater risk of being lost to follow-up. Among pediatric allogeneic HCT survivors, older age, public/no insurance (reference: private), and non-malignant disease were associated with being lost to follow-up. Among pediatric autologous HCT survivors, older age was associated with greater risk of being lost to follow-up. CONCLUSION: Follow-up focusing on minimizing attrition in high-risk groups is needed to ensure surveillance for late effects.

2.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 162, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When a child undergoes hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), the impact extends to the entire family, including siblings. Assessment of the quality of life (QoL) of siblings is challenged by their general lack of availability for regular assessment by clinical providers. Thus, the use of parent proxy reporting may be useful. Our aim was to describe the QoL of siblings of HCT survivors, as reported by their parents, as well as to identify parent and family factors associated with lower sibling QoL. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was utilized to assess parent-reported QoL of the HCT recipient's sibling (Short Form (SF)-10 Health Survey for Children and the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC)-17). Parent QoL was assessed using the SF-12. Multivariable linear regression was used to explore hypothesized predictors of sibling QoL, including parent QoL, family impact/function (Impact on Family Scale, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, IV, and a question asking about financial problems) while adjusting for demographic and HCT characteristics. RESULTS: Ninety-seven siblings (55% males) with a mean age of 12 years (standard deviation [SD] 4 years) were assessed, representing HCT survivors, who were an average of 5 years (SD 4 years) post-HCT. Neither sibling psychosocial (mean 49.84, SD 10.70, p = 0.87) nor physical health scores (mean 51.54, SD 8.42, p = 0.08) differed from norms. Parent proxies reported behavioral/emotional problems (PSC-17 total score > 15) in 24% of siblings. While parental ratings of their own physical health (SF-12 were higher than norms (mean 53.04, SD 8.17, p = 0.0005), mental health scores were lower (mean 45.48, SD 10.45, p < 0.0001). In multivariable analysis, lower parent emotional functioning and adverse family function were associated with lower sibling QoL, as reported by parents. CONCLUSIONS: While proxy-reported QoL of siblings did not differ significantly from normative data, both parent QoL and family function were associated with sibling QoL. Future research is needed to understand how siblings themselves perceive their QoL following HCT.

3.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654664

RESUMO

Melanoma risk is increased after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but specific risk factors are unknown. We conducted a nested case-control study of 140 melanoma cases and 557 controls (matched by age at HCT, sex, primary disease, survival time) through the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. Melanoma risk was significantly increased among HCT survivors who received total body irradiation-based myeloablative conditioning (multivariable adjusted odds ratio [OR]=1.77; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.00-3.15) or reduced-intensity conditioning containing melphalan (OR=2.60; 95%CI=1.13-6.02) or fludarabine (OR=2.72; 95%CI=1.02-7.30) versus busulfan-based myeloablative regimens; were diagnosed with acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with stage 2+ skin involvement (OR=1.92; 95%CI=1.19-3.10), chronic GvHD without skin involvement (OR=1.91; 95%CI=1.03-3.57), or keratinocytic carcinoma (OR=2.37; 95%CI=1.16-4.83); and resided in areas with higher ambient ultraviolet radiation (ORtertile3=1.64; 95%CI=1.01-2.67). These results emphasize the importance of adherence to current surveillance guidelines (routine skin examination, photoprotection recommendations), particularly for HCT survivors at highest risk.

4.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(6): 592-595, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267431

RESUMO

Mutations in Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) are a rare cause of combined immunodeficiency associated with atopy, infectious susceptibility, and risk for malignancy. We describe a 22-year-old male with a diagnosis of B cell lymphoblastic leukemia followed by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with compound heterozygous mutations in DOCK8 and normal intracellular DOCK8 protein expression. Here, B cell lymphoblastic leukemia followed by EBV-associated DLBCL led to the discovery of DOCK8 deficiency. For instances of high clinical suspicion despite normal DOCK8 protein expression, additional functional testing is critical to make a diagnosis. Understanding the spectrum of DOCK8 mutants and their phenotypes will improve our understanding of DOCK8 deficiency.

5.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(10): 2086-2090, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228584

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) is offered in a limited number of medical centers and is associated with significant direct and indirect costs. The degree to which social and geographic barriers reduce access to alloHCT is unknown. Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program (SEER) and the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) were integrated to determine the rate of unrelated donor (URD) alloHCT for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) performed between 2000 and 2010 in the 612 counties covered by SEER. The total incidence of AML, ALL, and MDS was determined using SEER, and the number of alloHCTs performed in the same time period and geographic area were determined using the CIBMTR database. We then determined which sociodemographic attributes influenced the rate of alloHCT (rural/urban status, median family size, percentage of residents below the poverty line, and percentage of minority race). In the entire cohort, higher levels of poverty were associated with lower rates of alloHCT (estimated rate ratio [ERR], .86 for a 10% increase in the percentage of the population below the poverty line; P < .01), whereas rural location was not (ERR, .87; P = .11). Thus, patients from areas with higher poverty rates diagnosed with ALL, AML, and MDS are less likely patients from wealthier counties to undergo URD alloHCT. There is need to better understand the reasons for this disparity and to encourage policy and advocacy efforts to improve access to medical care for all.

6.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1875-1883, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085303

RESUMO

Data on whether the T cell dose of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) products influences transplantation outcomes are conflicting. Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database, we identified 2736 adult patients who underwent first allogeneic PBSC transplantation for acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome between 2008 and 2014 using an HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD) or an 8/8-matched unrelated donor (MUD). We excluded ex vivo and in vivo T cell-depleted transplantations. Correlative analysis was performed between CD3+ T cell dose and the risk of graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), relapse, nonrelapse mortality (NRM), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). Using maximum likelihood estimation, we identified CD3+ T cell dose cutoff that separated the risk of acute GVHD (aGVHD) grade II-IV in both the MSD and MUD groups. A CD3+ T cell dose cutoff of 14 × 107 cells/kg identified MSD/low CD3+ (n = 223) and MSD/high CD3+ (n = 1214), and a dose of 15 × 107 cells/kg identified MUD/low CD3+ (n = 197) and MUD/high CD3+ (n = 1102). On univariate analysis, the MSD/high CD3+ group had a higher cumulative incidence of day +100 aGVHD grade II-IV compared with the MSD/low CD3+ group (33% versus 25%; P = .009). There were no differences between the 2 groups in engraftment rate, risk of aGVHD grade III-IV or chronic GVHD (cGVHD), NRM, relapse, DFS, or OS. The MUD/high CD3+ group had a higher cumulative incidence of day +100 aGVHD grade II-IV compared with the MUD/low CD3+ group (49% versus 41%; P = .04). There were no differences between the 2 groups in engraftment rate, risk of severe aGVHD or cGVHD, NRM, relapse, DFS, or OS. Multivariate analysis of the MSD and MUD groups failed to show an association between CD3+ T cell dose and the risk of either aGVHD grade II-IV (P = .10 and .07, respectively) or cGVHD (P = .80 and .30, respectively). Subanalysis of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio failed to identify cutoff values predictive of transplantation outcomes; however, using the log-rank test, the sample size was suboptimal for identifying a difference at this cutoff cell dose. In this registry study, the CD3+ T cell dose of PBSC products did not influence the risk of aGVHD or cGVHD or other transplantation outcomes when using an MSD or an 8/8-matched MUD. Subset analyses of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell doses were not possible given our small sample size.

7.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(6): 1970-1985.e4, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although autoimmunity and hyperinflammation secondary to recombination activating gene (RAG) deficiency have been associated with delayed diagnosis and even death, our current understanding is limited primarily to small case series. OBJECTIVE: Understand the frequency, severity, and treatment responsiveness of autoimmunity and hyperinflammation in RAG deficiency. METHODS: In reviewing the literature and our own database, we identified 85 patients with RAG deficiency, reported between 2001 and 2016, and compiled the largest case series to date of 63 patients with prominent autoimmune and/or hyperinflammatory pathology. RESULTS: Diagnosis of RAG deficiency was delayed a median of 5 years from the first clinical signs of immune dysregulation. Most patients (55.6%) presented with more than 1 autoimmune or hyperinflammatory complication, with the most common etiologies being cytopenias (84.1%), granulomas (23.8%), and inflammatory skin disorders (19.0%). Infections, including live viral vaccinations, closely preceded the onset of autoimmunity in 28.6% of cases. Autoimmune cytopenias had early onset (median, 1.9, 2.1, and 2.6 years for autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia, and autoimmune neutropenia, respectively) and were refractory to intravenous immunoglobulin, steroids, and rituximab in most cases (64.7%, 73.7%, and 71.4% for autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia, and autoimmune neutropenia, respectively). Evans syndrome specifically was associated with lack of response to first-line therapy. Treatment-refractory autoimmunity/hyperinflammation prompted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 20 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Autoimmunity/hyperinflammation can be a presenting sign of RAG deficiency and should prompt further evaluation. Multilineage cytopenias are often refractory to immunosuppressive treatment and may require hematopoietic cell transplantation for definitive management.

8.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(5): e27619, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30697957

RESUMO

An array of monogenic immune defects marked by autoimmunity, lymphoproliferation, and hyperinflammation rather than infections have been described. Primary immune regulatory disorders pose a challenge to pediatric hematologists and oncologists. This paper focuses on primary immune regulatory disorders including autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) and ALPS-like syndromes, immunodysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) and IPEX-like disorders, common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), CVID-like, and late-onset combined immunodeficiency (CID) disorders. Hyperinflammatory disorders and those associated with increased susceptibility to lymphoid malignancies are also discussed. Using a case-based approach, a review of clinical pearls germane to the clinical and laboratory evaluation as well as the treatment of these disorders is provided.

9.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 81-89, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607663

RESUMO

The association of immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella virus (iVDRV) with cutaneous and visceral granulomatous disease has been reported in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs). The majority of these PID patients with rubella-positive granulomas had DNA repair disorders. To support this line of inquiry, we provide additional descriptive data on seven previously reported patients with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) (n = 3) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) (n = 4) as well as eight previously unreported patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas and DNA repair disorders including NBS (n = 1), AT (n = 5), DNA ligase 4 deficiency (n = 1), and Artemis deficiency (n = 1). We also provide descriptive data on several previously unreported PID patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas including cartilage hair hypoplasia (n = 1), warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome (n = 1), MHC class II deficiency (n = 1), Coronin-1A deficiency (n = 1), X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) (n = 1), and combined immunodeficiency without a molecular diagnosis (n = 1). At the time of this report, the median age of the patients with skin granulomas and DNA repair disorders was 9 years (range 3-18). Cutaneous granulomas have been documented in all, while visceral granulomas were observed in six cases (40%). All patients had received rubella virus vaccine. The median duration of time elapsed from vaccination to the development of cutaneous granulomas was 48 months (range 2-152). Hematopoietic cell transplantation was reported to result in scarring resolution of cutaneous granulomas in two patients with NBS, one patient with AT, one patient with Artemis deficiency, one patient with DNA Ligase 4 deficiency, one patient with MHC class II deficiency, and one patient with combined immunodeficiency without a known molecular etiology. Of the previously reported and unreported cases, the majority share the diagnosis of a DNA repair disorder. Analysis of additional patients with this complication may clarify determinants of rubella pathogenesis, identify specific immune defects resulting in chronic infection, and may lead to defect-specific therapies.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/genética , Granuloma/complicações , Granuloma/virologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Vírus da Rubéola/patogenicidade , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Dermatopatias/virologia , Adolescente , Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Ataxia Telangiectasia/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Granuloma/genética , Cabelo/anormalidades , Cabelo/virologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hirschsprung/genética , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/virologia , Masculino , Síndrome de Quebra de Nijmegen/genética , Síndrome de Quebra de Nijmegen/virologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/congênito , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Osteocondrodisplasias/virologia , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/genética , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/virologia , Pele/virologia , Dermatopatias/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/virologia
10.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 112-117, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30680653

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nitazoxanide was recently reported as having in vitro effectiveness against the rubella virus. Immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella occurs in some patients who have an inherited immunodeficiency and who received the MMR vaccine. This study investigated the in vivo effectiveness of nitazoxanide therapy. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of seven patients treated with nitazoxanide as salvage therapy for immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella infection. The patients were recruited from an ongoing rubella detection surveillance project. RESULTS: Seven patients with persistent rubella were treated with nitazoxanide and one demonstrated significant clinical improvement. Two additional patients exhibited diminished viral capsid production with one patient having transient slowing of progression. The cohort overall generally had low T cell counts and had a high burden of comorbidities. There were three deaths. Two deaths were from PML and one was related to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Nitazoxanide has limited in vivo anti-viral effects for immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella. Most patients did not exhibit clinical improvement.


Assuntos
Granuloma/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/virologia , Vírus da Rubéola/efeitos dos fármacos , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/tratamento farmacológico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Granuloma/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/virologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/virologia , Vacinação/métodos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287390

RESUMO

We analyzed late fatal infections (LFIs) in allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HCT) recipients reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. We analyzed the incidence, infection types, and risk factors contributing to LFI in 10,336 adult and 5088 pediatric subjects surviving for ≥2 years after first HCT without relapse. Among 2245 adult and 377 pediatric patients who died, infections were a primary or contributory cause of death in 687 (31%) and 110 (29%), respectively. At 12 years post-HCT, the cumulative incidence of LFIs was 6.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.8% to 7.0%) in adults, compared with 1.8% (95% CI, 1.4% to 2.3%) in pediatric subjects; P < .001). In adults, the 2 most significant risks for developing LFI were increasing age (20 to 39, 40 to 54, and ≥55 years versus 18 to 19 years) with hazard ratios (HRs) of 3.12 (95% CI, 1.33 to 7.32), 3.86 (95% CI, 1.66 to 8.95), and 5.49 (95% CI, 2.32 to 12.99) and a history of chronic graft-versus-host disease GVHD (cGVHD) with ongoing immunosuppression at 2 years post-HCT compared with no history of GVHD with (HR, 3.87; 95% CI, 2.59 to 5.78). In pediatric subjects, the 3 most significant risks for developing LFI were a history of cGVHD with ongoing immunosuppression (HR, 9.49; 95% CI, 4.39 to 20.51) or without ongoing immunosuppression (HR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.05 to 7.43) at 2 years post-HCT compared with no history of GVHD, diagnosis of inherited abnormalities of erythrocyte function compared with diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (HR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.19 to 4.42), and age >10 years (HR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.2). This study emphasizes the importance of continued vigilance for late infections after HCT and institution of support strategies aimed at decreasing the risk of cGVHD.

12.
Blood Adv ; 2(15): 1828-1832, 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061307

RESUMO

DNA ligase 4 deficiency (LIG4-SCID) causes lymphopenia (T-B-NK+) and a radiosensitive SCID (RS-SCID) phenotype. We demonstrate, for the first time, flow cytometric-based kinetic analysis of phosphorylated H2AX (γH2AX) in lymphocyte subsets, especially NK cells, for the assessment of LIG4-SCID. Measurement of phosphorylated (p) ATM, SMC1, and H2AX (γH2AX) was performed by flow cytometry to assess DNA repair defects in a 3-year-old girl. Functional assessment (phosphorylation) was measured in T and NK cells (B cells were absent) before irradiation (background control) or after low-dose (2Gy) irradiation (1 and 24 hours). We observed maximal γH2AX at 1 hour postirradiation, with dephosphorylation at 24 hours postirradiation in healthy control patients. The patient showed normal frequencies (percentage) of T cells and NK cells for γH2AX, but increased levels of γH2AX compared with control patients at 1 hour postirradiation. At 24 hours postirradiation, there was a lack of dephosphorylation in a substantial proportion of lymphocytes (with differences observed between T and NK cells) compared with healthy control patients. Although there was dephosphorylation of γH2AX at 24 hours in patient lymphocytes compared with 1 hour, the amount remained elevated at 24 hours compared with in control patients. The data from pATM and pSMC1 were uninformative. Flow-based kinetic analysis of γH2AX is a useful marker for the diagnosis of LIG4-SCID.

13.
Leuk Res ; 74: 130-136, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30055822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposures to DNA-damaging drugs and ionizing radiations increase risks of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: 9028 recipients of hematopoietic cell autotransplants (1995-2010) for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL; n = 916), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL; n = 3546) and plasma cell myeloma (PCM; n = 4566), reported to the CIBMTR, were analyzed for risk of subsequent AML or MDS. RESULTS: 335 MDS/AML cases were diagnosed posttransplant (3.7%). Variables associated with an increased risk for AML or MDS in multivariate analyses were: (1) conditioning with total body radiation versus chemotherapy alone for HL (HR = 4.0; 95% confidence interval [1.4, 11.6]) and NHL (HR = 2.5 [1.1, 2.5]); (2) ≥3 versus 1 line of chemotherapy for NHL (HR = 1.9 [1.3, 2.8]); and (3) subjects with NHL transplanted in 2005-2010 versus 1995-1999 (HR = 2.1 [1.5, 3.1]). Using Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data, we found risks for AML/MDS in HL, NHL and PCM to be 5-10 times the background rate. In contrast, relative risks were 10-50 for AML and approximately 100 for MDS in the autotransplant cohort. CONCLUSIONS: There are substantial risks of AML and MDS after autotransplants for HL, NHL and PCM.

14.
J Bone Miner Res ; 33(11): 2071-2080, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29933504

RESUMO

Pediatric granulomatous arthritis (PGA) refers to two formerly separate entities: autosomal dominant Blau syndrome (BS) and its sporadic phenocopy early-onset sarcoidosis (EOS). In 2001 BS and in 2005 EOS became explained by heterozygous mutations within the gene that encodes nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2), also called caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 15 (CARD15). NOD2 is a microbe sensor in leukocyte cytosol that activates and regulates inflammation. PGA is characterized by a triad of autoinflammatory problems (dermatitis, uveitis, and arthritis) in early childhood, which suggests the causal NOD2/CARD15 mutations are activating defects. Additional complications of PGA were recognized especially when NOD2 mutation analysis became generally available. However, in PGA, hypercalcemia is only briefly mentioned, and generalized osteosclerosis is not reported, although NOD2 regulates NF-κB signaling essential for osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function. Herein, we report a 4-year-old girl with PGA uniquely complicated by severe 1,25(OH)2 D-mediated hypercalcemia, nephrocalcinosis, and compromised renal function together with radiological and histopathological features of osteopetrosis (OPT). The classic triad of PGA complications was absent, although joint pain and an antalgic gait accompanied wrist, knee, and ankle swelling and soft non-tender masses over her hands, knees, and feet. MRI revealed tenosynovitis in her hands and suprapatellar effusions. Synovial biopsy demonstrated reactive synovitis without granulomas. Spontaneous resolution of metaphyseal osteosclerosis occurred while biochemical markers indicated active bone turnover. Anti-inflammatory medications suppressed circulating 1,25(OH)2 D, corrected the hypercalcemia, and improved her renal function, joint pain and swelling, and gait. Mutation analysis excluded idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia, type 1, and known forms of OPT, and identified a heterozygous germline missense mutation in NOD2 common in PGA (c.1001G>A, p.Arg334Gln). Thus, radiological and histological findings of OPT and severe hypercalcemia from apparent extrarenal production of 1,25(OH)2 D can complicate NOD2-associated PGA. Although the skeletal findings seem inconsequential, treatment of the hypercalcemia is crucial to protect the kidneys. © 2018 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

16.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(9): 1928-1935, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29567340

RESUMO

For patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) offers a potential cure. Life-threatening complications can arise from alloHCT that require the application of sophisticated health care delivery. The impact of country-level economic conditions on post-transplantation outcomes is not known. Our objective was to assess whether these variables were associated with outcomes for patients transplanted for ALL. Using data from the Center for Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, we included 11,261 patients who received a first alloHCT for ALL from 303 centers across 38 countries between the years of 2005 and 2013. Cox regression models were constructed using the following macroeconomic indicators as main effects: Gross national income per capita, health expenditure per capita, and Human Development Index (HDI). The outcome was overall survival at 100 days following transplantation. In each model, transplants performed within lower resourced environments were associated with inferior overall survival. In the model with the HDI as the main effect, transplants performed in the lowest HDI quartile (n = 697) were associated with increased hazard for mortality (hazard ratio, 2.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.64 to 3.57; P < .001) in comparison with transplants performed in the countries with the highest HDI quartile. This translated into an 11% survival difference at 100 days (77% for lowest HDI quartile versus 88% for all other quartiles). Country-level macroeconomic indices were associated with lower survival at 100 days after alloHCT for ALL. The reasons for this disparity require further investigation.

19.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(5): 535-555, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343837

RESUMO

Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for children and adults with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Despite increasing survival rates, long-term morbidity following HCT is substantial. Neurocognitive dysfunction is a serious cause of morbidity, yet little is known about neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT. To address this gap, collaborative efforts of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation undertook an expert review of neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT. In this review, we define what constitutes neurocognitive dysfunction, characterize its risk factors and sequelae, describe tools and methods to assess neurocognitive function in HCT recipients, and discuss possible interventions for HCT patients with this condition. This review aims to help clinicians understand the scope of this health-related problem, highlight its impact on well-being of survivors, and to help determine factors that may improve identification of patients at risk for declines in cognitive functioning after HCT. In particular, we review strategies for preventing and treating neurocognitive dysfunction in HCT patients. Lastly, we highlight the need for well-designed studies to develop and test interventions aimed at preventing and improving neurocognitive dysfunction and its sequelae following HCT.

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