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1.
Dermatol Online J ; 27(8)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755968

RESUMO

Oral pigmented lesions can be physiological or pathological, exogenous or endogenous, as well as focal, multifocal, or diffuse. Among them, the oral melanotic macule (OMM) is a small, well-delimited brown-to-black macule, often affecting the lip and gingiva. Amalgam tattoo (AT) is a grey or black area of discoloration on the oral mucosa as a result of entry of dental amalgam into the soft tissues, commonly gingiva and alveolar ridge. Herein, we present a patient with gingival pigmentation with features of both OMM and AT in the same location.

2.
Cancer Biomark ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334380

RESUMO

By using a meta-analytical approach, this study aimed to analyse the diagnostic capacity of protein-based biomarkers in saliva for the differential diagnosis of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) from healthy individuals as control group (HCG).Articles on protein-based biomarkers in saliva, which provided quantitative expression in individuals with clinical and histopathological diagnosis of OPMD or oral leukoplakia (OL) were considered eligible. Searches were conducted in eight electronic databases. The methodological quality was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Studies tool (QUADAS-2). Functional analysis was also performed. Meta-analyses were performed using the OpenMeta tool (Analyst).Meta-analysis was possible for 4 of the 11 biomarkers studied. Only the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and the soluble fragment of cytokeratin 19 (CYFRA21) were significant for the OSCC/OPMD subgroup, both with a very low heterogeneity. CEA had an OE = 25.854 (CI95%: 13.215-38.492, p< 0.001, I2 = 0) and CYFRA21 had an OE = 9.317 (CI95%: 9.014-9.619, p< 0.001, I2 = 0). For the OPMD/HCG subgroup, only CYFRA21 was significant, with an OE = 3.679 (CI95%: 0.663-6.696, p= 0.017) although with high heterogeneity (I2 = 91.24).The CEA and CYFRA21 markers proved very useful when differentiating OSCC from OPMD. The CYFRA21 was the only protein that was capable of distinguishing between OPMD and healthy controls.

3.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34401975

RESUMO

The localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) mainly affects the maxillary vestibular attached gingiva of juvenile patients, without sex predilection. Similar lesions involving extragingival sites have not been reported to date. Here, we report 2 cases of extragingival soft tissue lesions with similar clinicopathological features to those reported in LJSGH and 12 cases of intraoral reactive soft tissue lesions microscopically showing LJSGH-like focal areas. The 2 cases were adult patients, affecting the maxillary alveolar ridge (55-year-old female) and hard palate (78-year-old male), which were diagnosed as "spongiotic hyperplasia of the oral mucosa." The 12 intraoral reactive soft tissue lesions (6 men and 6 women; mean age, 49.5 years) were diagnosed as inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (n = 6), peripheral ossifying fibroma (n = 3), and pyogenic granuloma (n = 3), each of them presenting LJSGH-like focal areas. By immunohistochemistry, the spongiotic hyperplasia areas showed positivity for CK19, CK14, CK34ßE12, and CAM5.2 (weak/focal), while CK4 was negative. Considering the anatomical locations (extragingival) of these 2 cases, the term "spongiotic hyperplasia of the oral mucosa" is suggested. Moreover, LJSGH-like focal areas can be detected when microscopically assessing common intraoral reactive soft tissue lesions.

4.
Autops Case Rep ; 11: e2020219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277487

RESUMO

Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SpSCC) is a rare biphasic malignant neoplasm, uncommonly affecting the oral cavity. The SpSCC diagnosis is difficult, especially when it exhibits inconspicuous morphology, inadequate tissue sampling, or association with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Post-radiotherapy recurrent SpSCC occurring at the same site of conventional SCC is a rare phenomenon. A 59-year-old man was complained of "painful injury on the tongue" with 20 days of duration. He reported smoking and alcohol consumption. Medical history revealed conventional SCC on the tongue treated with surgery and radiotherapy 10 years ago. Intraoral examination showed a polypoid lesion with ulcerated areas, measuring 3 cm in diameter, on the tongue and floor of the mouth, at the same site of previous conventional SCC. The microscopical analysis showed small foci of carcinomatous component admixed with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the sarcomatoid component. Both malignant components were positive for EMA, CD138, p40 (deltaNp63), p63, and p53. Moreover, CK AE1/AE3 evidenced the carcinomatous component, whereas vimentin stained the sarcomatoid component. The Ki-67 was >10%. The current case emphasizes the importance of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of SpSCC from mimics and documents a rare complication of Ionizing Radiation.

5.
Autops Case Rep ; 11: e2020220, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277488

RESUMO

Scleroderma is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by excessive collagen production. The oral manifestations of the patient with scleroderma can include microstomia, xerostomia, and changes in the resorption teeth. We report the case of a 7-year-old female patient diagnosed with systemic scleroderma where photobiomodulation therapy was used to treat xerostomia associated with hyposalivation. She attended a pediatric clinic and presented with dry and rigid facial skin, trismus, xerostomia, malocclusion, and difficulty swallowing. Stimulated salivary flow was assessed before, during, and after treatment. Photobiomodulation therapy was conducted at four points at the sublingual glands with 660 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 to each point; eight points at the parotid glands; and six points at the submandibular glands with 808 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 for 8 seconds at each point. After this therapy, an increase in salivary flow, remission of the xerostomia, and an improvement in mastication and swallowing were observed. Photobiomodulation therapy was effective in controlling xerostomia in this pediatric patient, resulting in increased salivary flow and an improvement in her quality of life.

6.
Autops Case Rep ; 11: e2021302, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249797

RESUMO

Squamous odontogenic tumor (SOT) is a rare benign neoplasm of the jaw that likely arises from remnants of the dental lamina. It is a slow-growing lesion, with a radiolucent appearance in the central variant. Microscopically, SOT shows islands of squamous epithelium supported by fibrous stroma. In rare cases, squamous odontogenic tumor-like proliferation (SOT-LP) can be observed arising from odontogenic cysts (SOT-LPOC). Herein, we describe the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with discreet bleeding in the maxillary gingiva. Imaging revealed a well-defined, ovoid-shaped lesion with sclerotic margins involving tooth #18 in the intraosseous location. Fine needle aspiration supported the cystic nature of the lesion. After surgery, microscopy revealed a dentigerous cyst showing SOT-LP features. There was no recurrence after a 3-year follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a dentigerous cyst showing SOT-LP features in the maxilla. Such cysts should be identified to avoid misdiagnosis, with the finding having therapeutic and prognostic implications.

7.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While unknown for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), some studies assessing cervical carcinoma have shown that human papillomavirus (HPV) co-infection can be associated with its prognosis. METHODS: Through in situ hybridization (HPV and Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] probes) and immunohistochemistry (p16INK4a, cyclin D1, p53, and Ki-67 antibodies), 126 OPSCC and 109 OSCC samples were assessed. RESULTS: All patients were EBV-negative. OPSCC (25%) showed a significant association with HPV compared to OSCC (11%). Almost all HPV-associated cases were p16INK4a-positive. Regarding OPSCC and OSCC, 23 and 7 cases were positive for high-risk HPV (HRHPV) only, 6 and 3 cases for low-risk HPV (LRHPV) only, and 3 and 2 cases for HRHPV/LRHPV, respectively. HPV-associated carcinomas showed a significantly higher proliferative index than HPV-unassociated carcinomas. Both carcinomas showed a similar overall survival rate, which was not affected by the HPV status. However, when comparing HPV-associated subgroups, patients with HRHPV/LRHPV-associated carcinomas showed worse survival. CONCLUSION: LRHPV-associated and HRHPV/LRHPV-associated cases can also be detected when assessing OSCC and OPSCC. Further studies, especially in populations with a high prevalence of HPV-associated OPSCC, are necessary to understand the clinicopathological behavior of these neoplasm subgroups.

8.
Immunobiology ; 226(3): 152072, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677150

RESUMO

Macrophages are phagocytic cells with essential participation in immunological events of the oral cavity. However, the role of these cells in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the density of macrophages in OLP and OLL, and to compare it with that of oral inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (OIFH) (control group). 14 cases of OLP, 14 cases of OLL and 14 cases of OIFH were selected for immunohistochemical analysis of CD68+ (M1) and CD163+ (M2) macrophage expression. CD68+ and CD163+ macrophages densities were measured in the intraepithelial and subepithelial areas. The statistical tests used were multivariate analysis of variance, as well as a correlation and linear regression. OLP has more CD68+ macrophages when comparing with OLL (p = 0.001) and OIFH (p = 0.045). There is a very strong relationship between the macrophages types (p < 0.0001) in OLP and OLL. The linear regression showed that to OLL development (p < 0.0001/R2' = 0.9584), the presence of different types of macrophages are more essential than to OLP (p < 0.0001/R2' = 0.8983). However, in the OLP these dependencies are also largely. CD68+ macrophages may be associated with immunopathogenesis of OLP, indicating a pro-inflammatory activity and regulatory role in the type of T-cell response. Besides, CD68+ macrophages can cooperate in the diagnosis of OLP. These results are essential to future studies that seek a therapeutic target for OLP and OLL.

9.
Arch Oral Biol ; 124: 105027, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the density of Langerhans cells in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). DESIGN: 14 cases of OLP, 15 cases of OLL and 14 cases of oral inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (OIFH), were selected for immunohistochemical analysis of CD1a, CD207 and S100 expression. The OIFH group was subdivided according to the presence (OIFHL n = 14) or absence (OIFHNL n = 14) of lichenoid inflammatory infiltrate. Positive cells were counted in intraepithelial and subepithelial areas. Results were analyzed by multivariate comparative analysis, correlation analysis, linear regression models and Student's T-test. RESULTS: A significantly higher amount of CD207+ cells in OLL vs OLP was observed (p = 0.015). The prevailing reticular pattern observed was CD207high for OLP (p = 0.0329). A statistically significant difference in the expression of CD1a and CD207 was observed for intraepithelial vs subepithelial areas (p = 0.024 and p=0.015, for CD1a and CD207, respectively). Significant correlations were also observed between the expression of CD1a + and CD207+ cells in the pathogenesis of OLP and OLL. CONCLUSION: High levels of CD207+cells in OLP compared with OLL may help explain the differences in the immunopathogenesis of both diseases. Additionally, CD1a + and CD207+ cells appear to be more essential to immunopathogenesis of OLL than to the pathogenesis of OLP.


Assuntos
Líquen Plano Bucal , Erupções Liquenoides , Humanos , Células de Langerhans
10.
Oral Oncol ; 112: 105017, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988748

RESUMO

We present a rare case of intraoral atypical lentiginous melanocytic lesion affecting a pediatric patient, in which the diagnosis of lentiginous junctional melanocytic nevus with cytologic atypia was favored. The main differential diagnosis is lentiginous melanoma, which is a slowly progressing lesion, affecting mainly older adults, and microscopically presenting lentiginous growth pattern of moderately atypical melanocytes, with focal nesting and pagetoid spread. It is strongly recommended that melanocytic lesions showing features of atypical lentiginous growth pattern should be treated with wide excision; however, the impact of these guidelines on pediatric patients needs to be better defined with the report of further cases.


Assuntos
Lentigo/patologia , Melanócitos/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Nevo Pigmentado/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lentigo/cirurgia , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Nevo Pigmentado/cirurgia
12.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020219, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142398

RESUMO

Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SpSCC) is a rare biphasic malignant neoplasm, uncommonly affecting the oral cavity. The SpSCC diagnosis is difficult, especially when it exhibits inconspicuous morphology, inadequate tissue sampling, or association with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Post-radiotherapy recurrent SpSCC occurring at the same site of conventional SCC is a rare phenomenon. A 59-year-old man was complained of "painful injury on the tongue" with 20 days of duration. He reported smoking and alcohol consumption. Medical history revealed conventional SCC on the tongue treated with surgery and radiotherapy 10 years ago. Intraoral examination showed a polypoid lesion with ulcerated areas, measuring 3 cm in diameter, on the tongue and floor of the mouth, at the same site of previous conventional SCC. The microscopical analysis showed small foci of carcinomatous component admixed with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the sarcomatoid component. Both malignant components were positive for EMA, CD138, p40 (deltaNp63), p63, and p53. Moreover, CK AE1/AE3 evidenced the carcinomatous component, whereas vimentin stained the sarcomatoid component. The Ki-67 was >10%. The current case emphasizes the importance of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of SpSCC from mimics and documents a rare complication of Ionizing Radiation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imuno-Histoquímica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Radioterapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020220, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142413

RESUMO

Scleroderma is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by excessive collagen production. The oral manifestations of the patient with scleroderma can include microstomia, xerostomia, and changes in the resorption teeth. We report the case of a 7-year-old female patient diagnosed with systemic scleroderma where photobiomodulation therapy was used to treat xerostomia associated with hyposalivation. She attended a pediatric clinic and presented with dry and rigid facial skin, trismus, xerostomia, malocclusion, and difficulty swallowing. Stimulated salivary flow was assessed before, during, and after treatment. Photobiomodulation therapy was conducted at four points at the sublingual glands with 660 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 to each point; eight points at the parotid glands; and six points at the submandibular glands with 808 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 for 8 seconds at each point. After this therapy, an increase in salivary flow, remission of the xerostomia, and an improvement in mastication and swallowing were observed. Photobiomodulation therapy was effective in controlling xerostomia in this pediatric patient, resulting in increased salivary flow and an improvement in her quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Xerostomia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade
14.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021302, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285416

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Squamous odontogenic tumor (SOT) is a rare benign neoplasm of the jaw that likely arises from remnants of the dental lamina. It is a slow-growing lesion, with a radiolucent appearance in the central variant. Microscopically, SOT shows islands of squamous epithelium supported by fibrous stroma. In rare cases, squamous odontogenic tumor-like proliferation (SOT-LP) can be observed arising from odontogenic cysts (SOT-LPOC). Herein, we describe the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with discreet bleeding in the maxillary gingiva. Imaging revealed a well-defined, ovoid-shaped lesion with sclerotic margins involving tooth #18 in the intraosseous location. Fine needle aspiration supported the cystic nature of the lesion. After surgery, microscopy revealed a dentigerous cyst showing SOT-LP features. There was no recurrence after a 3-year follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a dentigerous cyst showing SOT-LP features in the maxilla. Such cysts should be identified to avoid misdiagnosis, with the finding having therapeutic and prognostic implications.

15.
Oral Oncol ; 109: 104857, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590299

RESUMO

Besides the Waldeyer's ring, other lymphoid aggregates can also be detected in the soft palate, floor of the mouth and ventral tongue. The lingual tonsil is located at the base of the tongue and related to circumvallate papillae, whereas subepithelial lymphoid tissue at the posterior lateral portion of the tongue and related to foliate papillae constitutes the lateral lingual tonsil. Unilateral tonsillar enlargement is critical, because it can suggest malignancy, notably non-Hodgkin lymphoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Herein, we report an unusual presentation of unilateral enlargement of the lateral lingual tonsil, diagnosed as follicular lymphoid hyperplasia.

16.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(1): 2020138, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087658

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LEC) is a rare malignant neoplasm, which can be associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Histologically, LEC is an undifferentiated carcinoma with an intermixed reactive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. LEC appears to be an uncommon tumor type of lip carcinoma. An 82-year-old white woman presented a lesion on her lower lip that developed over the last year. The lesion was characterized by ulceration with flat edges, hardened base, painful, and absence of regional lymphadenopathy. Microscopical analysis evidenced an intense inflammatory infiltrate, composed of lymphoplasmacytic cells, associated with scarce pleomorphic epithelial cells. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the LEC cells with strong expression of pan-CK AE1/AE3, EMA, p63, and p53. CD138 was also faintly positive. Ki-67 was >85%. In situ hybridization analysis did not show evidence of EBV. A diagnostic of EBV-negative LEC was made. We present an uncommon type of lip carcinoma, which can represent a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and pathologists.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Doenças Labiais/diagnóstico , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ
17.
Autops Case Rep ; 10(1): e2020138, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039067

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LEC) is a rare malignant neoplasm, which can be associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Histologically, LEC is an undifferentiated carcinoma with an intermixed reactive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. LEC appears to be an uncommon tumor type of lip carcinoma. An 82-year-old white woman presented a lesion on her lower lip that developed over the last year. The lesion was characterized by ulceration with flat edges, hardened base, painful, and absence of regional lymphadenopathy. Microscopical analysis evidenced an intense inflammatory infiltrate, composed of lymphoplasmacytic cells, associated with scarce pleomorphic epithelial cells. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the LEC cells with strong expression of pan-CK AE1/AE3, EMA, p63, and p53. CD138 was also faintly positive. Ki-67 was >85%. In situ hybridization analysis did not show evidence of EBV. A diagnostic of EBV-negative LEC was made. We present an uncommon type of lip carcinoma, which can represent a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and pathologists.

18.
Head Neck ; 42(3): 374-384, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas and NUT carcinomas are aggressive neoplasms, often affecting the sinonasal region. Not uncommonly, their diagnoses are made retrospectively. METHODS: Through SMARCB1 (INI-1) and NUT immunomarkers, 643 head and neck carcinomas were assessed retrospectively. Moreover, SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient and NUT carcinomas were additionally evaluated by immunohistochemistry, as well as in situ hybridization analysis for HPV and EBV. RESULTS: Four SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas (located in lower lip, soft palate, hypopharynx and vocal cord, this latter high-risk HPV positive) and three NUT carcinomas (all located in oropharynx) were detected, previously diagnosed as nonkeratinizing or moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. All cases showed squamous differentiation. NUT carcinomas than SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas showed low overall survival rate. CONCLUSION: The current cases expand the clinicopathological spectrum of SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient carcinomas and NUT carcinomas. Notably, the diagnosis of these cases is easily reached through immunohistochemistry, with impact on their accurate classification, treatment, and prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Brasil , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína SMARCB1/genética
19.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(6): e698-e703, nov. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding clinical and histopathological characteristics, immunopathological findings, and treatment for chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: articles in English, published from January 1962 up to November 2017, assessing clinical and immunological features, treatment, and follow-up of patientes with CUS, were retrieved from three databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and SCOPUS). A manual literature search was also conducted. A total of 12 studies met inclusion criteria, therefore, were analyzed in this review. RESULTS: CUS shares similiar clinical and microscopic features to those found in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). Hence, direct immunofluorescence (DIF) is indispensable to define a final diagnosis. Due to the poor sample availability in the current literature, it is not possible to accurately confirm the prevalence and features of CUS. CONCLUSION: in order to better evaluate this condition's findings, further studies with a greater amount of similar immune-mediated diseases should be performed


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Gengivite Ulcerativa Necrosante , Líquen Plano Bucal , Doença Crônica
20.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 23(4): 493-497, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172387

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epidermoid cysts (ECs) are rare and occur in the head and neck regions with an incidence from 1.6 to 7% of all cysts. In the oral cavity, approximately 80 ECs have been reported, representing less than 0.01% of all cysts. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 26-year-old man who developed a large EC in the midline floor of the mouth causing nodular swelling in the submental region and speech and swallowing difficulties. The lesion was surgically excised by intraoral approach and microscopically revealed an EC associated with extensive elastofibromatous changes in the cystic capsule. CONCLUSION: Oral EC with extensive elastofibromatous changes is a finding extremely rare. The meaning of this finding is unknown, but a traumatic origin or deposit disorder of elastic fibers is suggested. To the best of our knowledge, intraoral EC with elastofibromatous changes has not been reported to date.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Cisto Epidérmico , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Soalho Bucal
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