Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 47
Filtrar
1.
Injury ; 2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze injury characteristics and stroke rates between blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) with delayed vs non-delayed medical therapy. We hypothesized there would be increased stroke formation with delayed medical therapy. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of a 16 center, prospective, observational trial on BCVI. Delayed medial therapy was defined as initiation >24 hours after admission. BCVI which did not receive medical therapy were excluded. Subgroups for injury presence were created using Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score >0 for AIS categories. RESULTS: 636 BCVI were included. Median time to first medical therapy was 62 hours in the delayed group and 11 hours in the non-delayed group (p < 0.001). The injury severity score (ISS) was greater in the delayed group (24.0 vs the non-delayed group 22.0, p <  0.001) as was the median AIS head score (2.0 vs 1.0, p <  0.001). The overall stroke rate was not different between the delayed vs non-delayed groups respectively (9.7% vs 9.5%, p = 1.00). Further evaluation of carotid vs vertebral artery injury showed no difference in stroke rate, 13.6% and 13.2%, p = 1.00 vs 7.3% and 6.5%, p = 0.84. Additionally, within all AIS categories there was no difference in stroke rate between delayed and non-delayed medical therapy (all N.S.), with AIS head >0 13.8% vs 9.2%, p = 0.20 and AIS spine >0 11.0% vs 9.3%, p = 0.63 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Modern BCVI therapy is administered early. BCVI with delayed therapy were more severely injured. However, a higher stroke rate was not seen with delayed therapy, even for BCVI with head or spine injuries. This data suggests with competing injuries or other clinical concerns there is not an increased stroke rate with necessary delays of medical treatment for BCVI.

2.
Am J Surg ; 2022 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While motorcycle helmets reduce mortality and morbidity, no guidelines specify which is safest. We sought to determine if full-face helmets reduce injury and death. METHODS: We searched for studies without exclusion based on: age, language, date, or randomization. Case reports, professional riders, and studies without original data were excluded. Pooled results were reported as OR (95% CI). Risk of bias and certainty was assessed. (PROSPERO #CRD42021226929). RESULTS: Of 4431 studies identified, 3074 were duplicates, leaving 1357 that were screened. Eighty-one full texts were assessed for eligibility, with 37 studies (n = 37,233) eventually included. Full-face helmets reduced traumatic brain injury (OR 0.40 [0.23-0.70]); injury severity for the head and neck (Abbreviated Injury Scale [AIS] mean difference -0.64 [-1.10 to -0.18]) and face (AIS mean difference -0.49 [-0.71 to -0.27]); and facial fracture (OR 0.26 [0.15-0.46]). CONCLUSION: Full-face motorcycle helmets are conditionally recommended to reduce traumatic brain injury, facial fractures, and injury severity.

3.
Am Surg ; : 31348221082277, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) grade and lack of medical therapy are associated with stroke. Knowledge of stroke risk factors specific to individual grades may help tailor BCVI therapy to specific injury characteristics. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of a 16 center, prospective, observational trial (2018-2020) was performed including grade 1 internal carotid artery (ICA) BCVI. Repeat imaging was considered the second imaging occurrence only. RESULTS: From 145 grade 1 ICA BCVI included, 8 (5.5%) suffered a stroke. Grade 1 ICA BCVI with stroke were more commonly treated with mixed anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy (75.0% vs 9.6%, P <.001) and less commonly antiplatelet therapy (25.0% vs 82.5%, P = .001) compared to injuries without stroke. Of the 8 grade 1 ICA BCVI with stroke, 4 (50.0%) had stroke after medical therapy was started. In comparing injuries with resolution at repeat imaging to those without, stroke occurred in 7 (15.9%) injuries without resolution and 0 (0%) injuries with resolution (P = .005). At repeat imaging in grade 1 ICA BCVI with stroke, grade of injury was grade 1 in 2 injuries, grade 2 in 3 injuries, grade 3 in 1 injury, and grade 5 in one injury. DISCUSSION: While the stroke rate for grade 1 ICA BCVI is low overall, injury persistence appears to heighten stroke risk. Some strokes occurred despite initiation of medical therapy. Repeat imaging is needed in grade 1 ICA BCVI to evaluate for injury progression or resolution.

4.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 93(3): e110-e118, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple techniques describe the management of the open abdomen (OA) and restoration of abdominal wall integrity after damage-control laparotomy (DCL). It is unclear which operative technique provides the best method of achieving primary myofascial closure at the index hospitalization. METHODS: A writing group from the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the current literature regarding OA management strategies in the adult population after DCL. The group sought to understand if fascial traction techniques or techniques to reduce visceral edema improved the outcomes in these patients. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology was utilized, meta-analyses were performed, and an evidence profile was generated. RESULTS: Nineteen studies met inclusion criteria. Overall, the use of fascial traction techniques was associated with improved primary myofascial closure during the index admission (relative risk, 0.32) and fewer hernias (relative risk, 0.11.) The use of fascial traction techniques did not increase the risk of enterocutaneous fistula formation nor mortality. Techniques to reduce visceral edema may improve the rate of closure; however, these studies were very limited and suffered significant heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: We conditionally recommend the use of a fascial traction system over routine care when treating a patient with an OA after DCL. This recommendation is based on the benefit of improved primary myofascial closure without worsening mortality or enterocutaneous fistula formation. We are unable to make any recommendations regarding techniques to reduce visceral edema. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis; Level IV.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais , Parede Abdominal , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos Abdominais , Fístula Intestinal , Gerenciamento da Prática Profissional , Abdome/cirurgia , Traumatismos Abdominais/etiologia , Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Adulto , Fasciotomia , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparotomia/métodos
5.
Am Surg ; 88(8): 1962-1969, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Use of endovascular intervention (EI) for blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is without consensus guidelines. Rates of EI use and radiographic characteristics of BCVI undergoing EI nationally are unknown. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of a prospective, observational study at 16 U.S. trauma centers from 2018 to 2020 was conducted. Internal carotid artery (ICA) BCVI was included. The primary outcome was EI use. Multivariable logistic regression was performed for predictors of EI use. RESULTS: From 332 ICA BCVI included, 21 (6.3%) underwent EI. 0/145 (0%) grade 1, 8/101 (7.9%) grade 2, 12/51 (23.5%) grade 3, and 1/20 (5.0%) grade 4 ICA BCVI underwent EI. Stroke occurred in 6/21 (28.6%) ICA BCVI undergoing EI and in 33/311 (10.6%) not undergoing EI (P = .03), with all strokes with EI use occurring prior to or at the same time as EI. Percentage of luminal stenosis (37.75 vs 20.29%, P = .01) and median pseudoaneurysm size (9.00 mm vs 3.00 mm, P = .01) were greater in ICA BCVI undergoing EI. On logistic regression, only pseudoaneurysm size was associated with EI (odds ratio 1.205, 95% CI 1.035-1.404, P = .02). Of the 8 grade 2 ICA BCVI undergoing EI, 3/8 were grade 2 and 5/8 were grade 3 prior to EI. Of the 12 grade 3 ICA BCVI undergoing EI, 11/12 were grade 3 and 1/12 was a grade 2 ICA BCVI prior to EI. DISCUSSION: Pseudoaneurysm size is associated with use of EI for ICA BCVI. Stroke is more common in ICA BCVI with EI but did not occur after EI use.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas , Traumatismo Cerebrovascular , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Falso Aneurisma/complicações , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/etiologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismo Cerebrovascular/complicações , Traumatismo Cerebrovascular/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia
6.
Am Surg ; 88(5): 953-958, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) has developed a grading system for emergency general surgery (EGS) conditions. We sought to validate the AAST EGS grades for patients undergoing urgent/emergent colorectal resection. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the "Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multicenter Colorectal Resection in EGS-to anastomose or not to anastomose" study undergoing urgent/emergent surgery for obstruction, ischemia, or diverticulitis were included. Baseline demographics, comorbidity severity as defined by Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), procedure type, and AAST grade were prospectively collected. Outcomes included length of stay (LOS) in-hospital mortality, and surgical complications (superficial/deep/organ-space surgical site infection, anastomotic leak, stoma complication, fascial dehiscence, and need for further intervention). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to describe outcomes and risk factors for surgical complication or mortality. RESULTS: There were 367 patients, with a mean (± SD) age of 62 ± 15 years. 39% were women. The median interquartile range (IQR) CCI was 4 (2-6). Overall, the pathologies encompassed the following AAST EGS grades: I (17, 5%), II (54, 15%), III (115, 31%), IV (95, 26%), and V (86, 23%). Management included laparoscopic (24, 7%), open (319, 87%), and laparoscopy converted to laparotomy (24, 6%). Higher AAST grade was associated with laparotomy (P = .01). The median LOS was 13 days (8-22). At least 1 surgical complication occurred in 33% of patients and the mortality rate was 14%. Development of at least 1 surgical complication, need for unplanned intervention, mortality, and increased LOS were associated with increasing AAST severity grade. On multivariable analysis, factors predictive of in-hospital mortality included AAST organ grade, CCI, and preoperative vasopressor use (odds ratio (OR) 1.9, 1.6, 3.1, respectively). The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma emergency general surgery grade was also associated with the development of at least 1 surgical complication (OR 2.5), while CCI, preoperative vasopressor use, respiratory failure, and pneumoperitoneum were not. CONCLUSION: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma emergency general surgery grading systems display construct validity for mortality and surgical complications after urgent/emergent colorectal resection. These results support incorporation of AAST EGS grades for quality benchmarking and surgical outcomes research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Geral , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
7.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 93(2): 265-272, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Police transport (PT) of penetrating trauma patients in urban locations has become routine in certain metropolitan areas; however, whether it results in improved outcomes over prehospital Advanced life support (ALS) transport has not been determined in a multicenter study. We hypothesized that PT would not result in improved outcomes. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective, observational study of adults (18+ years) with penetrating trauma to the torso and/or proximal extremity presenting at 25 urban trauma centers. Police transport and ALS patients were allocated via nearest neighbor, propensity matching. Transport mode also examined by Cox regression. RESULTS: Of 1,618 total patients, 294 (18.2%) had PT and 1,324 (81.8%) were by ALS. After matching, 588 (294/cohort) remained. The patients were primarily Black (n = 497, 84.5%), males (n = 525, 89.3%, injured by gunshot wound (n = 494, 84.0%) with 34.5% (n = 203) having Injury Severity Score of 16 or higher. Overall mortality by propensity matching was not different between cohorts (15.6% ALS vs. 15.0% PT, p = 0.82). In severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score ≥16), mortality did not differ between PT and ALS transport (38.8% vs. 36.0%, respectively; p = 0.68). Cox regression analysis controlled for relevant factors revealed no association with a mortality benefit in patients transported by ALS. CONCLUSION: Police transport of penetrating trauma patients in urban locations results in similar outcomes compared with ALS. Immediate transport to definitive trauma care should be emphasized in this patient population. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic and Epidemiologic; Level III.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Transporte de Pacientes , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Ferimentos Penetrantes , Adulto , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Polícia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transporte de Pacientes/métodos , Centros de Traumatologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
9.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 92(2): 347-354, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke risk factors after blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) are ill-defined. We hypothesized that factors associated with stroke for BCVI would include medical therapy (i.e., Aspirin), radiographic features, and protocolization of care. METHODS: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-sponsored, 16-center, prospective, observational trial was undertaken. Stroke risk factors were analyzed individually for vertebral artery (VA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) BCVI. Blunt cerebrovascular injuries were graded on the standard 1 to 5 scale. Data were from the initial hospitalization only. RESULTS: Seven hundred seventy-seven BCVIs were included. Stroke rate was 8.9% for all BCVIs, with an 11.7% rate of stroke for ICA BCVI and a 6.7% rate for VA BCVI. Use of a management protocol (p = 0.01), management by the trauma service (p = 0.04), antiplatelet therapy over the hospital stay (p < 0.001), and Aspirin therapy specifically over the hospital stay (p < 0.001) were more common in ICA BCVI without stroke compared with those with stroke. Antiplatelet therapy over the hospital stay (p < 0.001) and Aspirin therapy over the hospital stay (p < 0.001) were more common in VA BCVI without stroke than with stroke. Percentage luminal stenosis was higher in both ICA BCVI (p = 0.002) and VA BCVI (p < 0.001) with stroke. Decrease in percentage luminal stenosis (p < 0.001), resolution of intraluminal thrombus (p = 0.003), and new intraluminal thrombus (p = 0.001) were more common in ICA BCVI with stroke than without, while resolution of intraluminal thrombus (p = 0.03) and new intraluminal thrombus (p = 0.01) were more common in VA BCVI with stroke than without. CONCLUSION: Protocol-driven management by the trauma service, antiplatelet therapy (specifically Aspirin), and lower percentage luminal stenosis were associated with lower stroke rates, while resolution and development of intraluminal thrombus were associated with higher stroke rates. Further research will be needed to incorporate these risk factors into lesion specific BCVI management. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic and Epidemiologic, Level IV.


Assuntos
Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/complicações , Traumatismo Cerebrovascular/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Artéria Vertebral/lesões , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismo Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estados Unidos , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 92(1): 88-92, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trauma teams are often faced with patients on antithrombotic (AT) drugs, which is challenging when bleeding occurs. We sought to compare the effects of different AT medications on head injury severity and hypothesized that AT reversal would not improve mortality in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. METHODS: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-sponsored prospective, multicentered, observational study of 15 trauma centers was performed. Patient demographics, injury burden, comorbidities, AT agents, and reversal attempts were collected. Outcomes of interest were head injury severity and in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Analysis was performed on 2,793 patients. The majority of patients were on aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid [ASA], 46.1%). Patients on a platelet chemoreceptor blocker (P2Y12) had the highest mean Injury Severity Score (9.1 ± 8.1). Patients taking P2Y12 inhibitors ± ASA, and ASA-warfarin had the highest head Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) mean (1.2 ± 1.6). On risk-adjusted analysis, warfarin-ASA was associated with a higher head AIS (odds ratio [OR], 2.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34-4.42) after controlling for Injury Severity Score, Charlson Comorbidity Index, initial Glasgow Coma Scale score, and initial systolic blood pressure. Among patients with severe TBI (head AIS score, ≥3) on antiplatelet therapy, reversal with desmopressin (DDAVP) and/or platelet transfusion did not improve survival (82.9% reversal vs. 90.4% none, p = 0.30). In severe TBI patients taking Xa inhibitors who received prothrombin complex concentrate, survival was not improved (84.6% reversal vs. 84.6% none, p = 0.68). With risk adjustment as described previously, mortality was not improved with reversal attempts (antiplatelet agents: OR 0.83; 85% CI, 0.12-5.9 [p = 0.85]; Xa inhibitors: OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.12-4.64; p = 0.77). CONCLUSION: Reversal attempts appear to confer no mortality benefit in severe TBI patients on antiplatelet agents or Xa inhibitors. Combination therapy was associated with severity of head injury among patients taking preinjury AT therapy, with ASA-warfarin possessing the greatest risk. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic, level II.


Assuntos
/administração & dosagem , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Desamino Arginina Vasopressina/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos , Hemorragia , Transfusão de Plaquetas/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/classificação , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Hemorragia/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Varfarina/efeitos adversos , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
11.
J Clin Neurosci ; 90: 345-350, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275573

RESUMO

ABO blood groups are associated with genetically predisposed variations in von Willebrand factor (VWF) resulting in higher risks of thrombotic events in non-O blood types and bleeding complications in blood type O. The role of ABO blood groups in progression of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (TICH) is unknown. Given statistically lower VWF levels in blood type O in the general population, we hypothesized that blood type O patients have a higher risk of such progression. A retrospective review of adult trauma patients with isolated TICH admitted to a Level 1 trauma center over eight years was conducted. Patients were categorized with blood type O and non-O (types A, B, AB) delineation. The primary outcome was radiological progression of TICH during the first 24 h. Secondary outcomes included surgical intervention after follow-up computed tomography (CT), complications, days on mechanical ventilation (DMV), intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), hospital LOS, and mortality. Of 949 patients, 432 (45.5%) had blood type O. When comparing O and non-O groups, no significant differences were found in gender, age, race, admission vital signs, Glasgow Coma Scale, coagulation profile, TICH type, or Injury Severity Score. No difference in TICH progression was found between O and non-O groups: 73 (17%) vs 80 (15%), respectively, p = 0.55. Blood type O mortality was 12 (3% vs. 23 (4%), p = 0.174). Rate of TICH surgical intervention after follow-up CT, DMV, complications, and ICU and hospital LOS did not differ. No association between ABO blood types and radiological progression of TICH was identified.


Assuntos
Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Traumática/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Hemorragia Intracraniana Traumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Intracraniana Traumática/terapia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de von Willebrand
12.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 91(3): 501-506, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma requires that all level I trauma centers have cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) capabilities immediately available. Despite this mandate, there are limited data on the utilization and clinical outcomes among trauma patients requiring CPB in the management of injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current use of CPB in the care of trauma patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank from 2010 to 2015. Adult patients sustaining cardiothoracic injuries who underwent surgical repair within the first 24 hours of admission were included. Propensity score matching was used to compare outcomes (in-hospital mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS), intensive care unit LOS, and complications) between patients who underwent CPB within the first 24 hours of admission and those with similar injuries who did not receive CPB. RESULTS: A total of 28,481 patients who met the inclusion criteria were identified, of whom 319 underwent CPB. Three-hundred three CPB patients were matched to 895 comparison patients who did not undergo CPB. Overall in-hospital mortality was 35%. Patients who were not treated with CPB had a significantly higher in-hospital mortality compared with those treated with CBP (odds ratio, 1.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-2.12; p = 0.003); however, complications were significantly lower in those who did not receive CPB (odds ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.47-0.86; p = 0.003). Hospital LOS (non-CPB: mean, 13.4 ± 16.3 days; CPB: mean, 14.7 ± 15.1 days; p = 0.23) and intensive care unit LOS (non-CPB: mean, 9.9 ± 10.7 days; CPB: mean, 10.1 ± 9.7 days; p = 0.08) did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSION: The use of CPB in the initial management of select cardiothoracic injuries is associated with a survival benefit. Further investigation is required to delineate which specific injuries would benefit the most from the use of CPB. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, level IV.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Torácicos/cirurgia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Traumatismos Torácicos/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/mortalidade , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/mortalidade , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 91(2): 406-412, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postintensive care syndrome (PICS) has been identified in a large proportion of medical intensive care unit survivors; however, the occurrence surgical intensive care unit (SICU) survivors is unknown. We implemented a multidisciplinary critical care outpatient clinic (CCOC) to identify the occurrence of PICS in SICU survivors. METHODS: Seventy acute care surgery and trauma patients, 18 years or older, who remained in the SICU for 72 hours or longer at a Level I trauma center were seen in CCOC at 2 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after hospital discharge. The CCOC staffing included a nurse coordinator, social worker, critical care pharmacist, physical therapist, and acute care surgeon who identified PICS sequelae in their respective specialties by clinical criteria and screening questionnaires. RESULTS: Of 82 eligible patients, 70 (85.4%) were seen at least once for 116 total visits. Forty-three (61.4%) patients suffered traumatic injuries and 27 (38.6%) underwent emergent general surgery. Sixty-seven (95.7%) demonstrated at least one PICS criterion. Over all visits, 26 (37.1%) patients presented with one PICS criterion, 24 (34.3%) patients with two, and 17 (24.3%) with three. Cognitive impairment was observed in 29 (41.4%) patients, psychiatric in 30 (42.9%), and physical symptoms in 65 (92.9%). Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care scores improved from severe impairment at admission to full function by 12 weeks postdischarge, yet 6 Minute Walk Test scores remained below age-matched references through all visits. Patients expressed mild to moderate depression based on Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scores. A medication reconciliation was completed at 96.5% (112/116) of the visits with 116 total medication recommendations. By 24 weeks following discharge, only 26.4% (14/53) of previously employed patients had resumed work. CONCLUSION: Through the successful implementation of a multidisciplinary CCOC, this study identifies an exorbitant rate of PICS among SICU survivors. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic/epidemiological, level III.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Reconciliação de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Cuidados Críticos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
14.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 91(2): 361-368, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) has become increasingly common for the treatment of traumatic rib fractures; however, little is known about related postoperative readmissions. The aims of this study were to determine the rate and cost of readmissions and to identify patient, hospital, and injury characteristics that are associated with risk of readmission in patients who underwent SSRF. The null hypotheses were that readmissions following rib fixation were rare and unrelated to the SSRF complications. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the 2015 to 2017 Nationwide Readmission Database. Adult patients with rib fractures treated by SSRF were included. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare patients readmitted within 30 days with those who were not, based on demographics, comorbidities, and hospital characteristics. Financial information examined included average visit costs and national extrapolations. RESULTS: A total of 2,522 patients who underwent SSRF were included, of whom 276 (10.9%) were readmitted within 30 days. In 36.2% of patients, the reasons for readmissions were related to complications of rib fractures or SSRF. The rest of the patients (63.8%) were readmitted because of mostly nontrauma reasons (32.2%) and new traumatic injuries (21.1%) among other reasons. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that ventilator use, discharge other than home, hospital size, and medical comorbidities were significantly associated with risk of readmission. Nationally, an estimated 2,498 patients undergo SSRF each year, with costs of US $176 million for initial admissions and US $5.9 million for readmissions. CONCLUSION: Readmissions after SSRF are rare and mostly attributed to the reasons not directly related to sequelae of rib fractures or SSRF complications. Interventions aimed at optimizing patients' preexisting medical conditions before discharge should be further investigated as a potential way to decrease rates of readmission after SSRF. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiological study, level III.


Assuntos
Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas das Costelas/cirurgia , Idoso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/economia , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
15.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 91(1): 130-140, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prehospital procedures (PHP) by emergency medical services (EMS) are performed regularly in penetrating trauma patients despite previous studies demonstrating no benefit. We sought to examine the influence of PHPs on outcomes in penetrating trauma patients in urban locations where transport to trauma center is not prolonged. We hypothesized that patients without PHPs would have better outcomes than those undergoing PHP. METHODS: This was an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-sponsored, multicenter, prospective, observational trial of adults (18+ years) with penetrating trauma to the torso and/or proximal extremity presenting at 25 urban trauma centers. The impact of PHPs and transport mechanism on in-hospital mortality were examined. RESULTS: Of 2,284 patients included, 1,386 (60.7%) underwent PHP. The patients were primarily Black (n = 1,527, 66.9%) males (n = 1,986, 87.5%) injured by gunshot wound (n = 1,510, 66.0%) with 34.1% (n = 726) having New Injury Severity Score of ≥16. A total of 1,427 patients (62.5%) were transported by Advanced Life Support EMS, 17.2% (n = 392) by private vehicle, 13.7% (n = 312) by police, and 6.7% (n = 153) by Basic Life Support EMS. Of the PHP patients, 69.1% received PHP on scene, 59.9% received PHP in route, and 29.0% received PHP both on scene and in route. Initial scene vitals differed between groups, but initial emergency department vitals did not. Receipt of ≥1 PHP increased mortality odds (odds ratio [OR], 1.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.83; p = 0.04). Logistic regression showed increased mortality with each PHP, whether on scene or during transport. Subset analysis of specific PHP revealed that intubation (OR, 10.76; 95% CI, 4.02-28.78; p < 0.001), C-spine immobilization (OR, 5.80; 95% CI, 1.85-18.26; p < 0.01), and pleural decompression (OR, 3.70; 95% CI, 1.33-10.28; p = 0.01) had the highest odds of mortality after adjusting for multiple variables. CONCLUSION: Prehospital procedures in penetrating trauma patients impart no survival advantage and may be harmful in urban settings, even when performed during transport. Therefore, PHP should be forgone in lieu of immediate transport to improve patient outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic, level III.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade , Adulto , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Serviços Urbanos de Saúde , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/terapia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/terapia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Perspect Health Inf Manag ; 18(Winter): 1c, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633513

RESUMO

Background: Comparative morbidity after either sternotomy or non-resuscitative thoracotomy in penetrating cardiac injuries (PCI) is unknown. Methods: Retrospective review of adults with PCI who underwent either sternotomy or non-resuscitative thoracotomy using the National Trauma Data Bank 2007-2015. Since there is no unique International Classification of Diseases Procedure Coding System (ICD-PCS) codes assigned for resuscitative vs. non-resuscitative thoracotomy, and both procedures were coded as "thoracotomy", propensity score (PS) methods were applied to avoid inclusion of resuscitative thoracotomy. Results: Despite well PS matching on injury severity score the non-thoracotomy group compared to the sternotomy group had a significantly increased risk of mortality (30 percent vs 8 percent, p<0.0001). The morbidity differed as well-25 percent vs. 12 percent, p=0.0007. Conclusions: The differences in mortality in PCI patients who underwent non-resuscitative thoracotomy vs. sternotomy may be biased by unintentional inclusion of resuscitative thoracotomy. To accurately capture thoracotomy type, separate unique resuscitative and non-resuscitative thoracotomy procedure codes should be created in future revisions of the ICD PCS.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Classificação Internacional de Doenças/normas , Esternotomia/mortalidade , Toracotomia/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Traumatismos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade
17.
Am J Surg ; 221(5): 873-884, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic hemothorax poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges both acutely and chronically. A working group of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma convened to formulate a practice management guideline for traumatic hemothorax. METHODS: We formulated four questions: whether tube thoracostomy vs observation be performed, should pigtail catheter versus thoracostomy tube be placed to drain hemothorax, should thrombolytic therapy be attempted versus immediate thoracoscopic assisted drainage (VATS) in retained hemothorax (rHTX), and should early VATS (≤4 days) versus late VATS (>4 days) be performed? A systematic review was undertaken from articles identified in multiple databases. RESULTS: A total of 6391 articles were identified, 14 were selected for guideline construction. Most articles were retrospective with very low-quality evidence. We performed meta-analysis for some of the outcomes for three of the questions. CONCLUSIONS: For traumatic hemothorax we conditionally recommend pigtail catheters, in hemodynamically stable patients. In patients with rHTX, we conditionally recommend VATS rather than attempting thrombolytic therapy and recommend that it should be performed early (≤4 days).


Assuntos
Hemotórax/cirurgia , Tubos Torácicos , Drenagem/métodos , Drenagem/normas , Hemotórax/terapia , Humanos , Toracostomia/métodos , Toracostomia/normas , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/normas
18.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 32(1): 37-43, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196508

RESUMO

To determine if there is a significant association between administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) in severely bleeding, injured patients, and venous thromboembolism (VTE), myocardial infarction (MI), or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). A multicenter, retrospective study was performed. Inclusion criteria were: age 18-80 years old and need for 5 units or more of blood in the first 24 h after injury. Exclusion criteria included: death within 24 h, pregnancy, administration of TXA more than 3 h following injury, and routine ultrasound surveillance for deep venous thrombosis. Incidence of VTE was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included MI, CVA, and death. A power analysis found that a total of 830 patients were needed to detect a true difference in VTE risk. 1333 patients (TXA = 887, No-TXA = 446 patients) from 17 centers were enrolled. There were no differences in age, shock index, Glasgow coma score, pelvis/extremity abbreviated injury score, or paralysis. Injury severity score was higher in the No-TXA group. Incidence of VTE, MI, or CVA was similar between the groups. The TXA group required significantly less transfusion (P < 0.001 for all products) and had a lower mortality [adjusted odds ratio 0.67 (95% confidence interval 0.45-0.98)]. Despite having a higher extremity/pelvis abbreviated injury score, results did not change when evaluating only patients with blunt injury. Use of TXA in bleeding, injured patients is not associated with VTE, MI, or CVA but is associated with a lower transfusion need and mortality.


Assuntos
Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Tranexâmico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Am Surg ; 86(12): 1629-1635, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of an acute care surgery (ACS) service during the COVID-19 pandemic is not well established. METHODS: A retrospective review of the ACS service performance in an urban tertiary academic medical center. The study was performed between January and May 2020. The demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients treated by the ACS service 2 months prior to the COVID surge (pre-COVID group) and during the first 2 months of the COVID-19 pandemic (surge group) were compared. RESULTS: Trauma and emergency general surgery volumes decreased during the surge by 38% and 57%, respectively; but there was a 64% increase in critically ill patients. The proportion of patients in the Department of Surgery treated by the ACS service increased from 40% pre-COVID to 67% during the surge. The ACS service performed 32% and 57% of all surgical cases in the Department of Surgery during the pre-COVID and surge periods, respectively. The ACS service managed 23% of all critically ill patients in the institution during the surge. Critically ill patients with and without confirmed COVID-19 infection treated by ACS and non-ACS intensive care units during the surge did not differ in demographics, indicators of clinical severity, or hospital mortality:13.4% vs. 13.5% (P = .99) for all critically ill patients; and 13.9% vs. 27.4% (P = .12) for COVID-19 critically ill patients. CONCLUSION: Acute care surgery is an "essential" service during the COVID-19 pandemic, capable of managing critically ill nonsurgical patients while maintaining the provision of trauma and emergent surgical services. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III. STUDY TYPE: Therapeutic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/organização & administração , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Urbanos/organização & administração , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...