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Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19573, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154550


An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

J Food Sci Technol ; 57(8): 2852-2862, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32612298


ABSTRACT: Meat tenderness is the most important criterion in food quality because it strongly influences the consumer's satisfaction. Tenderness generally depends on connective tissue and sarcomere length of muscle. One of the effective methods for meat tenderizing is protease treatment. In this study, Manihot esculenta root was chosen as a protease source due to its skin blistering effect, suggesting the presence of strong proteolytic activity. The extraction of the crude protease was optimized by using response surface methodology (RSM) with four independent variables, which were pH (X1), CaCl2 (X2), Triton X-100 (X3) and 2-mercaptoethanol (X4). Based on the RSM model, all the independent variables were significant and the optimum extraction conditions were pH 9, 3.24 mM CaCl2, 4.12% Triton X-100 and 6.32 mM 2-mercaptoethanol. Tukey's test results showed that the difference between the expected and experimental protease activity value was 0.05%. A reduction of meat firmness was observed when samples treated with enzyme were compared with a control by using a texture analyser. Electrophoretic patterns also showed extensive proteolysis and a reduction of intensity and number of the protein bands in the treated sample. SEM clearly revealed the degradation of muscle fibres and connective tissue of meat treated with crude protease.