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2.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; 38(2): 199-207, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30579941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pelvic fractures represent 5% of all traumatic fractures and 30% are isolated pelvic fractures. Pelvic fractures are found in 10 to 20% of severe trauma patients and their presence is highly correlated to increasing trauma severity scores. The high mortality of pelvic trauma, about 8 to 15%, is related to actively bleeding pelvic injuries and/or associated injuries to the head, abdomen or chest. Regardless of the severity of pelvic trauma, diagnosis and treatment must proceed according to a strategy that does not delay the management of the most severely injured patients. To date, in France, there are no guidelines issued by healthcare authorities or professional societies that address this subject. DESIGN: A consensus committee of 22 experts from the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine (Société Française d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation; SFAR) and the French Society of Emergency Medicine (Société Française de Médecine d'Urgence; SFMU) in collaboration with the French Society of Radiology (Société Française de Radiologie; SFR), French Defence Health Service (Service de Santé des Armées; SSA), French Society of Urology (Association Française d'Urologie; AFU), the French Society of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery (Société Française de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique; SOCFCOT), and the French Society of Digestive Surgery (Société Française de Chirurgie digestive; SFCD) was convened. A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. The entire guidelines process was conducted independently from any industry funding. The authors were advised to follow the principles of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to guide assessment of quality of evidence. The potential drawbacks of making strong recommendations in the presence of low-quality evidence were emphasised. METHODS: Population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes (PICO) questions were reviewed and updated as needed, and evidence profiles were generated. The analysis of the literature and the recommendations were then conducted according to the GRADE® methodology. RESULTS: The SFAR Guideline panel provided 22 statements on prehospital and hospital management of the unstable patient with pelvic fracture. After three rounds of discussion and various amendments, a strong agreement was reached for 100% of recommendations. Of these recommendations, 11 have a high level of evidence (Grade 1 ± ), 11 have a low level of evidence (Grade 2 ± ). CONCLUSIONS: Substantial agreement exists among experts regarding many strong recommendations for management of the unstable patient with pelvic fracture.

3.
Adv Simul (Lond) ; 3: 2, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29450028

RESUMO

Integration of simulation in educational curricula for anesthesia and intensive care residents is a hot topic. There is a great interest for simulation centers to share their experiences through multi-site synchronous simulation sessions. The present study results from an experience conducted at three sites in France (Paris, Lyon, and Caen), which involved 16 instructors and 25 residents facing the same scenario across 1 day. Synchronous simulations were performed at each site with local and shared debriefing via teleconference. This innovative approach to simulation was found to be feasible, although certain difficulties were encountered with connectivity.

4.
Anesth Analg ; 126(1): 161-169, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28537983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Mallampati classification (MLPT) is normally evaluated in the sitting position. However, many patients cannot be evaluated in the sitting position for medical reasons. Thus, we compared the MLPT in sitting and supine positions in predicting difficult tracheal intubation (DTI). We hypothesized that the diagnostic accuracy of the MLPT performed in sitting and supine positions would differ. METHODS: We performed a single-center prospective observational study in adult patients who received general anesthesia and orotracheal intubation for noncardiac surgery. During the preanesthesia consultation, the MLPT in the sitting position was recorded. The day of surgery, the MLPT in the supine position and the difficulty of intubation (DTI) were recorded by an independent observer. The diagnostic performance of the MLPT for the prediction of DTI was evaluated in the sitting and supine positions through the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The performance of the Naguib score in predicting DTI was calculated with the MLPT in sitting and supine positions. RESULTS: Among the 3036 patients, 157 (5.1%) had DTI. The area under the ROC curve for the MLPT in supine position (0.82 [0.78-0.84]) was greater than that for the MLPT in the sitting position (0.70 [0.66-0.75]; P < .001). The relationship between the sitting and supine MLPTs was moderate (Spearman rank correlation coefficient: 0.50; P < .001). The area under ROC curve for predicting DTI by the Naguib score calculated with the supine MLPT (0.78 [95% confidence interval, 0.74-0.82]) was greater than that for the Naguib score calculated with MLPT in the sitting position (0.69 [95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.74)]; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The MLPT performed in the supine position is possibly superior to that performed in the sitting position for predicting difficult intubation in adults.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/classificação , Laringoscopia/classificação , Posicionamento do Paciente/classificação , Decúbito Dorsal/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Laringoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laringoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; 37(2): 161-166, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation has been associated with an increased incidence of medical errors and can jeopardise patients' safety during medical crisis management. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of sleep deprivation on the management of simulated anaesthesia crisis by residents in anaesthesiology. METHODS: A randomised, comparative, monocentric crossover study involving 48 residents in anaesthesia was performed on a high fidelity patient simulator. Each resident was evaluated in a sleep-deprived state (deprived group, after a night shift duty) and control state (control group, after a night of sleep). Performance was assessed through points obtained during crisis scenario 1 (oesophageal intubation followed by anaphylactic shock) and scenario 2 (anaesthesia-related bronchospasm followed by ventricular tachycardia). Sleep periods were recorded by actigraphy. Two independent observers assessed the performances. The primary endpoint of the study was the score obtained for each scenario. RESULTS: Resident's crisis management performance is associated with sleep deprivation (scenario 1: control=39 [33-42] points vs. deprived=26 [19-40] points, P=0.02; scenario 2: control=21 [17-24] vs. deprived=14 [12-19], P=0.01). The main errors observed were: error in drug administration and dose, delay in identification of hypotension, and missing communication with the surgical team about situation. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that sleep deprivation is associated with impairment of performance to manage crisis situations by residents in anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Anestesiologia/educação , Internato e Residência , Privação do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano/psicologia , Adulto , Anafilaxia/terapia , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Espasmo Brônquico/terapia , Competência Clínica , Estudos Cross-Over , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Erros Médicos , Simulação de Paciente
6.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 34(12): 831-835, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28922337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Use of the internet as an information search tool has increased dramatically. Our study assessed preoperative use of the internet by patients to search for information regarding anaesthesia, surgery, pain or outcomes. OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to test whether patients used the internet prior to surgery and what kinds of information they looked for (anaesthetic technique, pain, adverse events, outcomes and surgery). Correlation between patient age and information sought about surgery from the internet was also explored. DESIGN: A prospective multicentre observational study. SETTING: In total, 14 French private and public institutions from May 2015 to January 2016. PATIENTS: In total, 3161 adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under regional or general anaesthesia. INTERVENTION(S): An anonymous questionnaire was presented to adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under regional or general anaesthesia for completion before the first meeting with the anaesthesiologist. The investigator at each centre completed specific items that the patient could not complete. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We defined the primary endpoint as the number of patients who searched for information about their anaesthesia or surgery on the internet by the time of the their preanaesthetic consultation. RESULTS: Of the 3234 questionnaires distributed, responses were received from 3161 patients. Within this respondent sample, 1304 (45%) were professionally active and 1664 (59%) used the internet at least once per day. Among 3098 (98%) patients who answered the question concerning the primary endpoint, 1506 (48%) had searched the internet for information about their health. In total, 784 (25%) used the internet to find information about their surgery and 113 (3.5%) looked for specific information about anaesthesia. Of the 3161, 52% reported difficulty searching for appropriate information about anaesthesia on the internet. 'Daily use of the web' [odds ratio (OR) 2.0; (95% CI: 1.65 to 2.55) P < 0.001], 'use of the web on mobile devices' [OR 1.24; (95% CI: 1.02 to 1.50) P = 0.02] and 'asking general practitioner or surgeon about information' [OR 1.35; (95% CI: 1.11 to 1.64) P = 0.002] were significantly associated with the primary endpoint. CONCLUSION: The internet was not widely used by patients scheduled for elective surgery to search for information about anaesthesia and surgery in our French multicentre study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02442609.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia Geral/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/tendências , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/tendências , Internet/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências
7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 68(1): 40-9, 2016 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27364049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggested a clinical benefit in treating out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients with a high dose of erythropoietin (Epo) analogs. OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate the efficacy of epoetin alfa treatment on the outcome of OHCA patients in a phase 3 trial. METHODS: The authors performed a multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Patients still comatose after a witnessed OHCA of presumed cardiac origin were eligible. In the intervention group, patients received 5 intravenous injections spaced 12 h apart during the first 48 h (40,000 units each, resulting in a maximal dose of 200,000 total units), started as soon as possible after resuscitation. In the control group, patients received standard care without Epo. The main endpoint was the proportion of patients in each group reaching level 1 on the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) scale (survival with no or minor neurological sequelae) at day 60. Secondary endpoints included all-cause mortality rate, distribution of patients in CPC levels at different time points, and side effects. RESULTS: In total, 476 patients were included in the primary analysis. Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 groups. At day 60, 32.4% of patients (76 of 234) in the intervention group reached a CPC 1 level, as compared with 32.1% of patients (78 of 242) in the control group (odds ratio: 1.01; 95% confidence interval: 0.68 to 1.48). The mortality rate and proportion of patients in each CPC level did not differ at any time points. Serious adverse events were more frequent in Epo-treated patients as compared with controls (22.6% vs. 14.9%; p = 0.03), particularly thrombotic complications (12.4% vs. 5.8%; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In patients resuscitated from an OHCA of presumed cardiac cause, early administration of erythropoietin plus standard therapy did not confer a benefit, and was associated with a higher complication rate. (High Dose of Erythropoietin Analogue After Cardiac Arrest [Epo-ACR-02]; NCT00999583).


Assuntos
Epoetina alfa/administração & dosagem , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
8.
Am J Emerg Med ; 34(9): 1754-60, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27349359

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Chest compressions require physical effort leading to increased fatigue and rapid degradation in the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation overtime. Despite harmful effect of interrupting chest compressions, current guidelines recommend that rescuers switch every 2 minutes. The impact on the quality of chest compressions during extended cardiopulmonary resuscitation has yet to be assessed. BASIC PROCEDURES: We conducted randomized crossover study on manikin (ResusciAnne; Laerdal). After randomization, 60 professional emergency rescuers performed 2 × 10 minutes of continuous chest compressions with and without a feedback device (CPRmeter). Efficient compression rate (primary outcome) was defined as the frequency target reached along with depth and leaning at the same time (recorded continuously). MAIN FINDINGS: The 10-minute mean efficient compression rate was significantly better in the feedback group: 42% vs 21% (P< .001). There was no significant difference between the first (43%) and the tenth minute (36%; P= .068) with feedback. Conversely, a significant difference was evident from the second minute without feedback (35% initially vs 27%; P< .001). The efficient compression rate difference with and without feedback was significant every minute, from the second minute onwards. CPRmeter feedback significantly improved chest compression depth from the first minute, leaning from the second minute and rate from the third minute. PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: A real-time feedback device delivers longer effective, steadier chest compressions over time. An extrapolation of these results from simulation may allow rescuer switches to be carried out beyond the currently recommended 2 minutes when a feedback device is used.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Retroalimentação , Massagem Cardíaca/normas , Esforço Físico , Adulto , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Estudos Cross-Over , Auxiliares de Emergência , Feminino , Feedback Formativo , Massagem Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Manequins , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Médicos , Treinamento por Simulação
9.
Am J Emerg Med ; 31(10): 1457-61, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24035507

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Cardiac arrest survival depends on celerity and efficiency of life support action. Guidelines emphasized the chest compression (CC) quality and feedback devices are encouraged. The purpose is to study the impact of the CPRmeter feedback device on resuscitation performed by untrained rescuers. BASIC PROCEDURES: This is a prospective randomized crossover study on manikins (Resusci Anne). One hundred and forty four students inexperienced in cardiopulmonary resuscitation representing untrained rescuers were included. Participants performed 2 minutes of CC without interruption with (group G) or without (group B) feedback. Four months passed between the 2 crossover phases to avoid resilience effect. Data collected by the CPRmeter device were: CC rate, depth and release. MAIN FINDINGS: Efficient CC rate ([simultaneous and correct CC rate, depth and release] primary outcome) (absolute difference [95% CI]) was significantly improved in group G (71%) compared to group B (26%; [45 {36-55}]; P < .0001). Adequate depth rate (>38 mm) was significantly improved in group G (85%) compared to group B (43%; [42 {33-52}]; P < .0001). Adequate CC rate (90-120/min) was significantly improved in group G (81%) compared to group B (56%; [25 {15-35}]; P < .0001). The average CC rate and depth in group G were significantly less dispersed around the mean compared to group B (test of variance P < .007; P < .015 respectively). PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: The use of the CPRmeter significantly improved CC quality performed by students inexperienced in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.


Assuntos
Massagem Cardíaca/instrumentação , Estudos Cross-Over , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Massagem Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Manequins , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 30(4): 163-9, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23274619

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Plastic single-use laryngoscope blades have been found to increase the difficulty of intubation. Metallic single-use blades may represent an alternative. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of intubation failure at first laryngoscopy using metallic single-use, plastic single-use and metallic reusable laryngoscope blades. DESIGN: Randomised, superiority, single-centre, controlled trial. SETTING: Operating theatres at a University Hospital from January 2008 to August 2009. PATIENTS: A total of 1863 adults requiring general anaesthesia. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomised to one of three laryngoscope blades: metallic single-use, plastic single-use or metallic reusable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary end-point was the number of intubation failures at first laryngoscopy. Secondary end-points were glottic exposure and the Intubation Difficulty Scale. RESULTS: The failure rate (absolute difference: 95% confidence interval) at the first attempt was greater for the plastic single-use blades (8.1%) than for the metallic reusable [3.2% (4.9%: 2.2 to 7.6%); P < 0.001] and metallic reusable blades [4.0% (4.0%: 1.2 to 6.9%); P < 0.006]. No difference was found between the metallic reusable and metallic single-use groups (0.9%: -1.3 to 3.1%). Scoring on the Intubation Difficulty Scale [median (interquartile range)] was higher in the plastic single-use group [1 (0 to 2)] than in the metallic groups [metallic reusable: 0 (0 to 1); P < 0.001 and metallic single-use: 0 (0 to 1); P < 0.007] groups. Glottic exposure was significantly better in the metallic reusable group (modified Cormack & Lehane score III and IV: 3.7%) compared with the plastic single-use group (modified Cormack & Lehane score III and IV: 9.4%; P < 0.03). CONCLUSION: The rates of failed intubation at first laryngoscopy were similar in the metallic reusable and metallic reusable groups, but greater in the plastic single-use group.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Laringoscópios , Laringoscopia/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Equipamentos Descartáveis , Desenho de Equipamento , Reutilização de Equipamento , Feminino , Glote , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Metais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plásticos , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 10: 12, 2010 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20670410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Desflurane during early reperfusion has been shown to postcondition human myocardium, in vitro. We investigated the role of adenosine and bradykinin receptors, and generation of radical oxygen species in desflurane-induced postconditioning in human myocardium. METHODS: We recorded isometric contraction of human right atrial trabeculae hanged in an oxygenated Tyrode's solution (34 degrees Celsius, stimulation frequency 1 Hz). After a 30-min hypoxic period, desflurane 6% was administered during the first 5 min of reoxygenation. Desflurane was administered alone or with pretreatment of N-mercaptopropionylglycine, a reactive oxygen species scavenger, 8-(p-Sulfophenyl)theophylline, an adenosine receptor antagonist, HOE140, a selective B2 bradykinin receptor antagonist. In separate groups, adenosine and bradykinin were administered during the first minutes of reoxygenation alone or in presence of N-mercaptopropionylglycine. The force of contraction of trabeculae was recorded continuously. Developed force at the end of a 60-min reoxygenation period was compared (mean +/- standard deviation) between the groups by a variance analysis and post hoc test. RESULTS: Desflurane 6% (84 +/- 6% of baseline) enhanced the recovery of force after 60-min of reoxygenation as compared to control group (51 +/- 8% of baseline, P < 0.0001). N-mercaptopropionylglycine (54 +/- 3% of baseline), 8-(p-Sulfophenyl)theophylline (62 +/- 9% of baseline), HOE140 (58 +/- 6% of baseline) abolished desflurane-induced postconditioning. Adenosine (80 +/- 9% of baseline) and bradykinin (83 +/- 4% of baseline) induced postconditioning (P < 0.0001 vs control), N-mercaptopropionylglycine abolished the beneficial effects of adenosine and bradykinin (54 +/- 8 and 58 +/- 5% of baseline, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In vitro, desflurane-induced postconditioning depends on reactive oxygen species production, activation of adenosine and bradykinin B2 receptors. And, the cardioprotective effect of adenosine and bradykinin administered at the beginning of reoxygenation, was mediated, at least in part, through ROS production.

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