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1.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 17(44): 2510, 20220304. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1379863

RESUMO

Introdução: Do ponto de vista da saúde pública, a população masculina adulta mostra-se vulnerável ao uso de álcool e as suas consequências. A detecção precoce, assim como a busca por fatores associados são necessárias e as unidades de Saúde da Família são importantes locais para esta abordagem. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o uso de álcool em homens adultos e verificar sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, demográficos e transtornos mentais (episódio depressivo maior e transtorno de ansiedade generalizada). Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal em adultos de 20 a 59 anos do município de Piracicaba, cadastrados nas Unidades de Saúde da Família (USF) no ano 2018. Após análises descritivas, as variáveis com p<0,20 nas análises simples foram estudas em modelos de regressão binomial negativa múltipla. Pelo modelo final, estimaram-se as razões de médias ajustadas com os intervalos de 95% de confiança. Resultados: Observou-se prevalência de 26,9% de consumo de álcool na população estudada. O escore do The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) apresentou relação direta com a idade (razões de médias ­ RM=1,02; intervalo de confiança ­ IC95% 0,99­1,03). Quanto à religião, protestantes e evangélicos apresentaram escore médio de AUDIT menor que os demais (RM=1,78; IC95% 1,14­2,79). Pessoas com transtorno mental apresentam escore médio de AUDIT maior que os sem transtorno (RM=2,30; IC95% 1,28­4,11). Conclusões: Concluímos que o consumo de álcool na população adulta masculina é bastante prevalente, que seu consumo aumenta com a idade, que a religião tem efeito protetor e que pessoas com depressão e ansiedade apresentam maior propensão ao uso. Com base nesses dados, destacamos a importância da USF no desenvolvimento de estratégias que rastreiem as condições de risco de sua população, bem como discutam abordagens e possíveis intervenções.


Introduction: From the point of view of public health, the adult male population is vulnerable to alcohol use and its consequences. Early detection and the search for associated factors are necessary, and the Family Health Units are important places for this approach. Objective: This study aimed to identify the use of alcohol in adult men and to verify its association with socioeconomic and demographic factors and mental disorders (major depressive episode and generalized anxiety disorder). Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out on adults aged 20 to 59 years in the city of Piracicaba, Brazil, registered in Family Health Units in the year 2018. After descriptive analyses, variables with p<0.20 in simple analyses were studied in multiple negative binomial regression models. According to the final model, the adjusted ratios of means were estimated with 95% confidence intervals. Results: There was a high prevalence of alcohol consumption (26.9%) in the study population. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score increased with age (ratios of means ­ RoM=1.02; confidence interval ­ 95%CI 0.99­1.03). Concerning religion, Protestants and Evangelicals had an average AUDIT score lower than other religions (RoM=1.78; 95%CI 1.14­2.79). People with mental disorders have an average AUDIT score higher than those without disorders (RoM=2.30; 95%CI 1.28­4.11). Conclusions: The authors conclude that alcohol in the adult male population is prevalent, with consumption increasing with age; religion has a protective effect, and people with depression and anxiety are more likely to use it. Taking this into consideration, it is worth highlighting the importance of Family Health Units in the development of strategies to monitor the risk conditions of its population as well as the discussion and approach of interventions.


Introducción: Desde el punto de vista de la salud pública, la población masculina adulta es vulnerable al consumo de alcohol y sus consecuencias. La detección precoz, así como la búsqueda de factores asociados son necesarios y las unidades de Salud de la Familia son lugares importantes para ese abordaje. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el uso de alcohol en hombres adultos y verificar la asociación con trastornos socioeconómicos, demográficos y mentales (episodio depresivo mayor y trastorno de ansiedad generalizada). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico transversal en adultos de 20 a 59 años de edad en la ciudad de Piracicaba registrados en las Unidades de Salud Familiar en el año 2018. Después de los análisis descriptivos, se estudiaron las variables con valor p<0,20 en análisis simples en modelos de regresión, binomio negativo múltiple. El modelo final estimó las razones medias ajustadas con los intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Hubo una alta prevalencia de consumo de alcohol, 26,9%. El puntaje AUDIT aumentó con la edad (RM=1,02; IC95% 0,99­1,03). Los protestantes y los evangélicos tuvieron un puntaje promedio de AUDIT más bajo que otras religiones (RM=1,78; IC95% 1,14­2,79). Las personas con trastornos mentales tienen un puntaje AUDIT promedio más alto que aquellos sin trastornos (RM=2,30; IC95% 1,28­4,11). Conclusiones: Concluimos que el alcohol en la población masculina adulta es prevalente, con la edad hay un aumento en el consumo, la religión tiene un efecto protector y que las personas con depresión y ansiedad tienen más probabilidades de usarlo, destacando la importancia de la USF en el desarrollo de estrategias que rastrean las condiciones población, así como la discusión y el enfoque de las intervenciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ansiedade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Depressão , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas
2.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 40: e2021002, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the health economic evidence on the care of children and adolescents with complex clinical conditions, comparing groups included and not included (control group) in palliative care at the end of life. DATA SOURCE: The seven databases searched were PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Virtual Health Library-Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (VHL-LILACS), EBSCOhost, and Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation, following recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, from January 1979 to November 2020. The review included studies of patients under 18 years of age with complex clinical conditions that compared a palliative care group with a control group. The economic outcomes analyzed were length and place of stay at the end of life (home, hospice, ward, intensive care unit, emergency room), diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed, and health-related costs. The exclusion criteria were: studies without a matched control group, conference/congress abstracts, letters to the editor, editorials, comments, qualitative studies, narrative reviews, studies with ten or fewer participants in each group, articles published in languages other than English, Portuguese, or Spanish. DATA SYNTHESIS: Out of the 518 articles identified, 4 met the inclusion criteria. We found evidence of direct economic benefits, such as reduced health costs, indirect savings, and protection of patients from undergoing invasive procedures, surgeries, and costly therapies, which cause greater suffering at the end of life. Therefore, participating in a palliative care program saved financial and technological resources, besides increasing the frequency of deaths at home and improving the quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Public and private policies to promote palliative care represent better efficiency when allocating available health care resources.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Morte , Humanos
3.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2021002, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356761

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To perform a systematic review of the health economic evidence on the care of children and adolescents with complex clinical conditions, comparing groups included and not included (control group) in palliative care at the end of life. Data source: The seven databases searched were PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Virtual Health Library-Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (VHL-LILACS), EBSCOhost, and Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation, following recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, from January 1979 to November 2020. The review included studies of patients under 18 years of age with complex clinical conditions that compared a palliative care group with a control group. The economic outcomes analyzed were length and place of stay at the end of life (home, hospice, ward, intensive care unit, emergency room), diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed, and health-related costs. The exclusion criteria were: studies without a matched control group, conference/congress abstracts, letters to the editor, editorials, comments, qualitative studies, narrative reviews, studies with ten or fewer participants in each group, articles published in languages other than English, Portuguese, or Spanish. Data synthesis: Out of the 518 articles identified, 4 met the inclusion criteria. We found evidence of direct economic benefits, such as reduced health costs, indirect savings, and protection of patients from undergoing invasive procedures, surgeries, and costly therapies, which cause greater suffering at the end of life. Therefore, participating in a palliative care program saved financial and technological resources, besides increasing the frequency of deaths at home and improving the quality of life. Conclusions: Public and private policies to promote palliative care represent better efficiency when allocating available health care resources.


Resumo Objetivo: Realizar revisão sistemática das evidências de economia da saúde no cuidado de crianças e adolescentes com condições clínicas complexas, comparando no fim de vida o grupo inserido em cuidados paliativos com o grupo não inserido (grupo controle). Fontes de dados: As sete bases de dados pesquisadas foram PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde-Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (BVS-LILACS), EBSCOhost e Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation, seguindo as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, de janeiro/1979 a novembro/2020. A revisão incluiu estudos com pacientes com condições clínicas complexas, idade inferior a 18 anos, comparativos de um grupo inserido em cuidados paliativos com um grupo controle não inserido em cuidados paliativos. Os desfechos econômicos analisados foram tempo e local de permanência no fim de vida (casa, hospice, enfermaria, unidade de terapia intensiva, pronto-socorro), procedimentos diagnósticos e terapêuticos realizados e custos relacionados aos cuidados de saúde. Os critérios de exclusão foram: estudos sem grupo controle pareados, resumos de conferências/congressos, cartas ao editor, editoriais, comentários, estudos qualitativos, revisões narrativas, estudos com dez ou menos participantes, artigos publicados em outras línguas além de inglês, português e espanhol. Síntese dos dados: Do total de 518 artigos identificados, quatro preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Houve evidências de benefícios econômicos diretos de redução de custos monetários relacionados à saúde e também indiretos, de economia e proteção ao paciente de procedimentos invasivos, cirurgias e terapias onerosas, que geram maior sofrimento no fim de vida. Portanto, estar inserido em um programa de cuidados paliativos promoveu economia de recursos financeiros e tecnológicos, além de ter possibilitado maior frequência de óbitos no domicílio e maior qualidade de vida. Conclusões: Políticas públicas e privadas para promover cuidados paliativos representam melhor eficiência na alocação dos recursos disponíveis para cuidados em saúde.

4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1253158

RESUMO

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Aleitamento Materno , Índios Sul-Americanos , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária
5.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 19: eAO5554, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed foods among children, and to investigate associations with socioeconomic and demographic factors. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study with 599 children aged 6 months to 2 years, and listed as users of Family Health Units, in a medium-size city. Mothers were approached at home by researchers and community health workers from the Family Health Units, for data collection. Two questionnaires were used: the socioeconomic and demographic questionnaire, and the form Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional of Ministério da Saúde do Brasil , for children aged 6 months to 2 years. Ultra-processed food consumption and socioeconomic and demographic factors were defined as dependent and independent variables, respectively. Multiple regression analysis with a significance level of 5% was used to test associations between ultra-processed food consumption and socioeconomic and demographic variables. RESULTS: Ultra-processed food consumption was associated with child age between 1 and 2 years (OR=3.89; 95%CI: 2.32-6.50 and OR=3.33; 95%CI: 2.00-5.56, respectively), number of people living in the same household (OR=1.94; 95%CI: 1.23-3.05), and recipients of government benefits (OR=1.88; 95%CI: 1.15-3.04). CONCLUSION: Ultra-processed food consumption among children undergoing complementary feeding may be influenced by socioeconomic and demographic factors.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Mães , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
BMC Res Notes ; 14(1): 116, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Different studies with adolescents address the difficulty they have to adhere to oral dental treatments. Therefore, better understanding the processes involved in adherence to treatment in this population is necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that influence adherence to dental treatment in socially underprivileged adolescents in primary care. RESULTS: Non-adherence to treatment showed high rate in the studied sample (49.5%). Family income (p = 0.039) and number of individuals in the family (p = 0.003) were associated with non-adherence to dental treatment. It is concluded that the adolescents' social vulnerability condition resulted in situations that are incompatible with adherence, which hinders dental treatment and health service planning.


Assuntos
Renda , Populações Vulneráveis , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos
7.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 69: e2021012, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1250644

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective Understanding the individual and collective behavior of individuals about their oral health conditions is important to prevent and control of dental caries. This study aimed to seek evidence of the relationship between social capital and caries experience. Methods Using a systematic review with meta-analysis, we searched articles in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, LILACS, IBECS, BBO, SCIELO, The Cochrane Library and MEDLINE databases. Studies with humans, of all ages and languages, published until July 2019, which related social capital to the caries experience, were included in this review. Results We identified 1163 articles evaluated considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, leaving 5 articles selected to compose the study sample, and only 3 included in the meta-analysis. In the final analysis p value was significant (p <0.001), showing that both social cohesion and neighborhood empowerment are associated with the caries experience. In the random model, the individual has 2.39 chances of not having the caries disease. The results reinforce the importance of community social capital in the caries experience of individuals. Conclusions The high level of community social capital is directly related to lower caries experience rates.


RESUMO Objetivo A compreensão do o padrão de comportamento dos indivíduos no nível individual e coletivo frente às suas condições de saúde bucal é de importância inequívoca para prevenção e controle da cárie dentária. Nesta perspectiva o objetivo deste estudo foi buscar evidências da relação entre o capital social e a experiência de cárie. Métodos Utilizando como método revisão sistemática com meta-análise, foram pesquisados artigos nas bases de dados PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, LILACS, IBECS, BBO, SciELO, The Cochrane Library e MEDLINE. Estudos com humanos, de todas as idades e línguas, publicados até julho de 2019, que relacionaram o capital social com a experiência de cárie, foram incluídos nesta revisão. Resultados Foram identificados 1163 artigos, que passaram por avaliação sob critérios de inclusão e exclusão, restando 5 artigos selecionados para compor a amostra do estudo, sendo apenas 3 incluídos na meta-análise. Na análise final o p-valor foi significativo (<0,001), mostrando que tanto a coesão social como o empoderamento de vizinhança estão associados com a experiência de cárie. No modelo randômico foi constatado que o indivíduo tem 2,39 chances de não ter a doença cárie. Os resultados do estudo reforçam a importância do capital social comunitário na experiência de cárie dos indivíduos. Conclusão O alto nível de capital social comunitário tem relação direta com menores índices de experiência de cárie nos indivíduos.

8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5554, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339828

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed foods among children, and to investigate associations with socioeconomic and demographic factors. Methods An analytical cross-sectional study with 599 children aged 6 months to 2 years, and listed as users of Family Health Units, in a medium-size city. Mothers were approached at home by researchers and community health workers from the Family Health Units, for data collection. Two questionnaires were used: the socioeconomic and demographic questionnaire, and the form Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional of Ministério da Saúde do Brasil , for children aged 6 months to 2 years. Ultra-processed food consumption and socioeconomic and demographic factors were defined as dependent and independent variables, respectively. Multiple regression analysis with a significance level of 5% was used to test associations between ultra-processed food consumption and socioeconomic and demographic variables. Results Ultra-processed food consumption was associated with child age between 1 and 2 years (OR=3.89; 95%CI: 2.32-6.50 and OR=3.33; 95%CI: 2.00-5.56, respectively), number of people living in the same household (OR=1.94; 95%CI: 1.23-3.05), and recipients of government benefits (OR=1.88; 95%CI: 1.15-3.04). Conclusion Ultra-processed food consumption among children undergoing complementary feeding may be influenced by socioeconomic and demographic factors.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a ingestão de alimentos ultraprocessados em crianças, e verificar se há associação com o contexto socioeconômico e demográfico. Métodos Trata-se de estudo analítico, do tipo transversal, com 599 crianças entre 6 meses e 2 anos de idade, cadastradas em Unidades de Saúde da Família, de um município de médio porte. Para a realização da coleta, as mães das crianças foram abordadas em seus domicílios pelas pesquisadoras e por um Agente Comunitário de Saúde da Unidade Saúde da Família e responderam dois questionários, o socioeconômico e demográfico e o marcador do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil para crianças entre 6 meses e 2 anos. A variável dependente do estudo foi a ingestão de alimentos ultraprocessados pela criança e as independentes foram as socioeconômicas e demográficas. Foi realizada análise de regressão múltipla, no nível de significância de 5%, para testar a associação entre a ingestão de alimentos ultraprocessados com as variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas. Resultados A ingestão de ultraprocessados esteve associada com a idade da criança entre 1 e 2 anos (RC=3,89; IC95%: 2,32-6,50 e RC=3,33; IC95%: 2,00-5,56, respectivamente), com o número de pessoas que residiam na mesma casa (RC=1,94; IC95%: 1,23-3,05) e com as famílias que recebiam auxílio do governo (RC=1,88; IC95%: 1,15-3,04). Conclusão A ingestão de alimentos ultraprocessados por crianças no período da alimentação complementar pode ser influenciada por fatores socioeconômicos e demográficos.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Mães , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil , Demografia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e040, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520075

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify factors associated with the need for complete dentures in one dental arch or both, among the elderly population. The cross-sectional household study was conducted with a representative sample of elderly people (65 years or older) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2015. The dependent variable was the need for complete dentures (in one arch or both), and independent variables were socioeconomic and demographic conditions, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services. Simple and multinomial logistic regression models tested effect measures (p < 0.05). A total of 5,948 elderly people participated. Results indicated that those with greater chances of needing a complete denture in one arch were male (OR = 1.54; CI95%:1.04-2.29), with fewer household goods (OR = 2.25; CI95%:1.50-3.38), lower monthly household income: R$501-1500 (OR = 3.44; CI95%:1.27-9.35), R$1501-2500 (OR = 4.11; CI95%:1.50-11.27), R$2501-4500 (OR = 2.76; CI95%:1.10-6.95), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 4.75; CI95%:3.08-7.35), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05). There were more chances of the need for complete dentures in both arches among older elders (OR = 1.44; CI95%:1.06-1.88), with lower monthly household income: R$ < 501 (OR = 4.45; CI95%:1.71-11.60), R$501-1500 (OR = 4.01; CI95%:2.14-7.51), R$1501-2500 (OR = 2.95; CI95%:1.64-5.32), < 3 years of education (OR = 1.45; CI95%:1.13-1.85), feeling unhappy (OR = 2.74; CI95%:1.35-5.57), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 8.48; CI95%:5.75-12.50), dissatisfaction with their mouth (OR = 2.38; CI95%:1.64-3.46), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43). The several dimensions of the determinants of the need for a complete denture reflect the influence of both demographic and socioeconomic aspects, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services.


Assuntos
Prótese Total/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Arco Dental , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 48(2): 130-136, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to analyse the factors associated with self-perceived need for dental treatment among adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, comprising 5558 adolescents, was evaluated in 2015. The adolescents were selected by probabilistic sampling by conglomerates in two stages. The outcome evaluated was self-perceived treatment need measured via a validated questionnaire. Independent variables included sociodemographic factors, type, frequency and reason for last dental visit, and examination of oral conditions. Statistical analysis was based on the multiple hierarchical logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 3340 (62.6%) adolescents reported needing dental treatment. After fitting the model, the self-perceived need for treatment was associated with adolescents with family income of up to $1,500 BRL (OR 1.39; [95% CI = 1.20-1.60]; P < .001), who sought dental services solely for curative treatment (OR 1.58; [95% CI = 1.46-1.72]; P < .001), reported toothaches in the previous six months (OR 2.88; [95% CI = 2.53-3.28]; P < .001), were dissatisfied with the appearance of their teeth and mouth (OR 5.94; [95% CI = 5.03-7.01]; P < .001), had caries in the posterior teeth only (OR 3.04; [95% CI = 2.77-3.33]; P < .001) or had caries in the anterior teeth (OR 4.75; [95% CI = 4.05-5.56]; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The self-perceived need for dental treatment among Brazilian adolescents was associated with normative and subjective needs, and sociodemographic context factors. This finding provides important evidence for collective health planning.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Gerodontology ; 37(1): 78-86, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815316

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate factors that influence the oral health-related quality of life of older people (65 years and over) in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Population-based studies should be conducted to support health-planning interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the São Paulo State Survey on Oral Health (SBSP-2015), which consisted of 5951 individuals, were used. A theoretical-conceptual model was built based on the impact of family socio-economic characteristics, individual social-demographic features and self-perceived and clinical oral health status on the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was conducted at 5% significance level. Statistically significant variables included within the adjusted logistic regression model entered the multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). RESULTS: Oral health impact on daily activities was observed in 34.6% of older people. Characteristics significantly related to impact on OIDP score were as follows: family income up to R$ 500 (OR = 2.73), self-perceived treatment need (OR = 1.33), self-perceived toothache (OR = 1.52), self-perception of denture replacement need (OR = 1.27), dissatisfaction (OR = 1.50) or very dissatisfied (OR = 2.57) with own oral health, partial lower denture use (OR = 1.34) and needing partial lower dentures (OR = 1.28). Increased number of people living in the same house (B = 0.05, OR = 1.06), number of bedrooms in the house (B = -0.10, OR = 0.90), age (B = -0.03, OR = 0.97) and number of teeth needing treatment (B = 0.08, OR = 1.08) contributed significantly to OIDP. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of OIDP of older people in the state of São Paulo was related to factors other than their clinical and self-perceived oral health status.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Autoimagem
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e040, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132695

RESUMO

Abstract: This study aimed to identify factors associated with the need for complete dentures in one dental arch or both, among the elderly population. The cross-sectional household study was conducted with a representative sample of elderly people (65 years or older) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2015. The dependent variable was the need for complete dentures (in one arch or both), and independent variables were socioeconomic and demographic conditions, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services. Simple and multinomial logistic regression models tested effect measures (p < 0.05). A total of 5,948 elderly people participated. Results indicated that those with greater chances of needing a complete denture in one arch were male (OR = 1.54; CI95%:1.04-2.29), with fewer household goods (OR = 2.25; CI95%:1.50-3.38), lower monthly household income: R$501-1500 (OR = 3.44; CI95%:1.27-9.35), R$1501-2500 (OR = 4.11; CI95%:1.50-11.27), R$2501-4500 (OR = 2.76; CI95%:1.10-6.95), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 4.75; CI95%:3.08-7.35), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05). There were more chances of the need for complete dentures in both arches among older elders (OR = 1.44; CI95%:1.06-1.88), with lower monthly household income: R$ < 501 (OR = 4.45; CI95%:1.71-11.60), R$501-1500 (OR = 4.01; CI95%:2.14-7.51), R$1501-2500 (OR = 2.95; CI95%:1.64-5.32), < 3 years of education (OR = 1.45; CI95%:1.13-1.85), feeling unhappy (OR = 2.74; CI95%:1.35-5.57), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 8.48; CI95%:5.75-12.50), dissatisfaction with their mouth (OR = 2.38; CI95%:1.64-3.46), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43). The several dimensions of the determinants of the need for a complete denture reflect the influence of both demographic and socioeconomic aspects, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese Total/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil , Modelos Logísticos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Arco Dental , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with tooth loss in adults from the position and number of teeth lost in the dental arches. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study with adults participating in the epidemiological survey of oral health of São Paulo in 2015. The outcome of the study was tooth loss, assessed by the proposed classification, namely: I) lost up to 12 back teeth; II) lost up to 12 teeth (including front teeth); and III) lost more than 12 teeth. A four-block analysis was conducted, supported by a conceptual theoretical model adapted for tooth loss. For the multinomial logistic regression, "individuals who did not lose teeth due to caries or periodontal disease" was used as reference (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Of 6,051 adults evaluated, 25.3% (n = 1,530) were classified in category I, 32.7% (n = 1,977) in II, 9.4% (n = 568) in III, and 1.9% (n = 117) were edentulous. Lower income and schooling, the perception of need for treatment and the last appointment motivated by routine, pain or extraction were associated with tooth loss, regardless of the classification. The negative evaluation of the dental service was associated with individuals who lost up to 12 teeth, both front and back. The presence of women and periodontal pocket were associated with tooth loss of up to 12 teeth, including front, and more than 12 teeth. Caries were associated with adults who lost up to 12 teeth, including front teeth. CONCLUSION: The proposed classification allowed the identification of differences between the associated factors. Thus, the need to consider such classification in future studies is evident.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/classificação , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Bolsa Periodontal/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Perda de Dente/etiologia
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of caries related to social capital and associated factors in adults in large-scale population-based study. A Cross-sectional study was performed in 163 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (SBSP-2015). 17,560 people were evaluated, of which 6051 were adults aged 35-44 years. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was proposed. Outcome variables (decayed teeth, missing teeth and DMFT) and independent variables were included in the model, considering the distal (income and schooling); intermediate (social capital) and proximal levels (sex and ethnicity). Results showed that income up to 1,500 reais - US$ 367.6 in 11/11/2019 - (OR = 1.91;1.75-2.08), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.32;1.12-1.56) and non-white ethnicity (OR = 1.54;1.35-1.76) were more likely to have decayed teeth. Income up to 1500 reais (OR = 1.29;1.15-1.44), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 2.13;1.90-2.38), low social capital (OR = 1.84;1.65-2.04), medium social capital (OR = 1.15;1.01-1.30) and females were more likely to have lost teeth (OR = 1.13;1.03-1.23). Schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.51;1.35-1.69), low social capital (OR = 1.25; 1.14-1.37) and female (OR = 1.40,1.19-1.53) were associated with DMFT. It was concluded that sociodemographic factors and low social capital were associated with the experience of caries, which should be taken into account in the formulation of public policies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e014, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892410

RESUMO

Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190013, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916141

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oral and oropharyngeal cancer are diseases strongly influenced by socioeconomic factors. The risk of developing these diseases increases with age and most cases occur in the elderly, with higher mortality rates. This study aimed to analyze the influence of municipal socioeconomic indices on mortality rates for oral (OC) and oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) in elderly residents from 645 cities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2013 to 2015. METHOD: Secondary data on deaths were obtained in the Mortality Information System from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The number of elderly, as well as per capita median income values and Human Development Index by municipality (HDI-M) values were obtained from data by the SEADE Foundation. Descriptiveand exploratory analysis of data was performed, followed by negative binomial models described by the Proc Genmod procedure and evaluated by the corrected AIC (Akaike Information Criterion), the likelihood level, and the Wald test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Around 30% of the cities notified deaths in 2013, 16.74% in 2014, and 18.61% in 2015. Founded mortality mean rates from OC and OPC were, respectively, 20.0 (± 430.9) and 10.7 (± 17.5) deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Meanincome ranged, in local currency, from 434.2 to 2,009.00. HDI-M ranged from 0.65 to 0.89. There was a significant decrease (p<0.05) in mortality rates for OC and OPC in elderly with the increase in the cities' mean income and HDI-M values. CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic inequalities in the cities the on mortality rates for OC and OPC in elderly residents.


INTRODUçÃO: O câncer de boca e o câncer de orofaringe são doenças influenciadas por fatores socioeconômicos. O risco de desenvolver essas doenças aumenta com a idade, e a maioria dos casos ocorre em idosos, com elevadas taxas de mortalidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência dos índices socioeconômicos municipais nas taxas de mortalidade por câncer de boca (CB) e de orofaringe (CO) em idosos nas 645 cidades do estado de São Paulo, Brasil, nos anos de 2013 a 2015. MÉTODO: Dados secundários de óbitos foram obtidos pelo Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM) do Ministério da Saúde. O número de idosos e os valores da renda média per capita e do índice de desenvolvimento humano por município (IDH-M) foram obtidos a partir dos dados da Fundação SEADE. Realizou-se a análise descritiva e exploratória dos dados, seguida de modelos binomiais negativos descritos pelo procedimento PROC GENMOD e avaliados pelo critério de informação de Akaike corrigido (AICc), pelo grau de liberdade e pelo teste de Wald (α=0,05). RESULTADOS: Cerca de 30% das cidades notificaram óbitos em 2013, 16,74% em 2014 e 18,61% em 2015. Astaxas médias de mortalidade por CB e CO foram, respectivamente, de 20,0 (± 30,9) e 10,7 (± 17,5) por 100milhabitantes. A renda média variou de R$ 434,20 a R$ 2.009,00 e o IDH-M, de 0,65 a 0,89. Houve decréscimo significativo (p < 0,05) nas taxas de mortalidade por CB e CO em idosos com o aumento dos valores das rendas médias e do IDH-M. CONCLUSÃO: As desigualdades socioeconômicas das cidades influenciam nas taxas de mortalidade por CB e CO em idosos.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades/economia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Características de Residência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 133, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The state of São Paulo recorded a significant reduction in infant mortality from 1990 to 2013, but the desired reduction in maternal mortality was not achieved. Knowledge of the factors with impact on these indicators would be of help in formulating public policies. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations between socioeconomic and demographic factors, health care model and both infant mortality (considering the neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: In this ecological study, data from national official open sources were used to conduct a population-based study. The units analyzed were 645 municipalities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For each municipality, the infant mortality (in both neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality rates were calculated for every 1000 live births, referring to 2013. Subsequently, the association between these rates, socioeconomic variables, demographic models and the primary care organization model in the municipality were verified. For statistical analysis, we used the zero-inflated negative binomial model. Gross analysis was performed and then multiple regression models were estimated. For associations, we adopted "p" at 5%. RESULTS: The increase in the HDI of the city and proportion of Family Health Care Strategy implemented were significantly associated with the reduction in both infant mortality (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates. In turn, the increase in birth and caesarean delivery rates were associated with the increase in infant and maternal mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the Family Health Care Strategy was a Primary Care organization model that contributed to the reduction in infant (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates, and so did actors such as HDI and cesarean section. Thus, public health managers should prefer this model when planning the organization of Primary Care services for the population.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cesárea/mortalidade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e014, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989469

RESUMO

Abstract Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Autoimagem , Estética Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação do Paciente
19.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(1): 73-79, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1022621

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a percepção de discentes de Odontologia acerca da contribuição dos preceptores no seu processo de formação acadêmica. Este estudo qualitativo abordou 69 estudantes de três Instituições de Ensino Superior públicas e privadas do município do Rio de Janeiro. Os voluntários responderam sobre suas percepções a respeito da contribuição do preceptor no processo formativo. As respostas foram avaliadas pela análise de conteúdo de Bardin e classificadas em 3 categorias temáticas: "A experiência/conhecimento clínico necessário no ensino", "O entendimento do processo de trabalho na Atenção Primária" e "A capacitação profissional". Concluise que, sob a perspectiva do discente, o preceptor é considerado um profissional com perfil necessário para atender às suas demandas acadêmicas, já que possui o conhecimento clínico necessário no ensino e conhece o processo de trabalho no serviço público. A falta de capacitação profissional pode influenciar o processo de aprendizado (AU).


The aim of the present study was to identify the perception of students of the Dentistry regarding the contribution of preceptors in their process of academic training. This qualitative study involved 69 volunteer students from three public and private higher education institutions in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The volunteers described their perceptions regarding the contribution of the preceptor in their training process. The answers were evaluated through Bardin's content analysis and classified into 3 thematic categories: "The clinical knowledge/experience required for teaching"; "The understanding of the process of working in Primary Care" and "Professional training". It was concluded that, from the perspective of the students, the preceptor is considered to have the necessary characteristics to meet their academic demands needs, as they have the necessary clinical knowledge and teaching knowledge and understand the working process in public service. A lack of professional training can influence the learning process (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Preceptoria/métodos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Educação em Odontologia , Capacitação Profissional , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Apoio ao Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos , Brasil , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190013, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-990731

RESUMO

RESUMO: Introdução: O câncer de boca e o câncer de orofaringe são doenças influenciadas por fatores socioeconômicos. O risco de desenvolver essas doenças aumenta com a idade, e a maioria dos casos ocorre em idosos, com elevadas taxas de mortalidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência dos índices socioeconômicos municipais nas taxas de mortalidade por câncer de boca (CB) e de orofaringe (CO) em idosos nas 645 cidades do estado de São Paulo, Brasil, nos anos de 2013 a 2015. Método: Dados secundários de óbitos foram obtidos pelo Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM) do Ministério da Saúde. O número de idosos e os valores da renda média per capita e do índice de desenvolvimento humano por município (IDH-M) foram obtidos a partir dos dados da Fundação SEADE. Realizou-se a análise descritiva e exploratória dos dados, seguida de modelos binomiais negativos descritos pelo procedimento PROC GENMOD e avaliados pelo critério de informação de Akaike corrigido (AICc), pelo grau de liberdade e pelo teste de Wald (α=0,05). Resultados: Cerca de 30% das cidades notificaram óbitos em 2013, 16,74% em 2014 e 18,61% em 2015. Astaxas médias de mortalidade por CB e CO foram, respectivamente, de 20,0 (± 30,9) e 10,7 (± 17,5) por 100milhabitantes. A renda média variou de R$ 434,20 a R$ 2.009,00 e o IDH-M, de 0,65 a 0,89. Houve decréscimo significativo (p < 0,05) nas taxas de mortalidade por CB e CO em idosos com o aumento dos valores das rendas médias e do IDH-M. Conclusão: As desigualdades socioeconômicas das cidades influenciam nas taxas de mortalidade por CB e CO em idosos.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Oral and oropharyngeal cancer are diseases strongly influenced by socioeconomic factors. The risk of developing these diseases increases with age and most cases occur in the elderly, with higher mortality rates. This study aimed to analyze the influence of municipal socioeconomic indices on mortality rates for oral (OC) and oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) in elderly residents from 645 cities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2013 to 2015. Method: Secondary data on deaths were obtained in the Mortality Information System from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The number of elderly, as well as per capita median income values and Human Development Index by municipality (HDI-M) values were obtained from data by the SEADE Foundation. Descriptiveand exploratory analysis of data was performed, followed by negative binomial models described by the Proc Genmod procedure and evaluated by the corrected AIC (Akaike Information Criterion), the likelihood level, and the Wald test (α = 0.05). Results: Around 30% of the cities notified deaths in 2013, 16.74% in 2014, and 18.61% in 2015. Founded mortality mean rates from OC and OPC were, respectively, 20.0 (± 430.9) and 10.7 (± 17.5) deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Meanincome ranged, in local currency, from 434.2 to 2,009.00. HDI-M ranged from 0.65 to 0.89. There was a significant decrease (p<0.05) in mortality rates for OC and OPC in elderly with the increase in the cities' mean income and HDI-M values. Conclusion: Socioeconomic inequalities in the cities the on mortality rates for OC and OPC in elderly residents.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Características de Residência , Saúde Bucal , Cidades/economia
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