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1.
Ir J Med Sci ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 'Slaintecare' aims to address complex patient care needs in an integrated fashion with an emphasis on patient-centred, patient-empowered community care.Currently there is a lack of knowledge of the impact of rare disease management in primary care and of the information tools required by general practitioners to deliver integrated care for rare disease patients. AIMS: To complete a pilot survey to estimate the general practice clinical workload attributable to selected rare diseases and assess the use of relevant information sources. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional survey was carried out of general practice consultations (2013-2017) for patients with 22 commonly recognised rare diseases. RESULTS: Around 31 general practitioners from 10 Irish practices completed information on 171 patients with rare diseases over 3707 consultations. General practice-specific coding systems were inadequate for rare disease patient identification. Over 139 (81.3%) patients were adult, and 32 (18.7%) were children. Management of care was hospital and not primary care based in 63%. Those eligible for state-reimbursed care had a significantly higher median number of consultations (23 consultations, IQR = 13-37, or 5.8 consultations/year) than those who paid privately (10 consultations, IQR = 4-19, or 2.5 consultations/year) (p < 0.005).General practitioners had access to public information resources on rare diseases but few had knowledge of (35.5%), or had ever used (12.9%) Orphanet, the international rare disease information portal. CONCLUSIONS: Both specific rare disease-specific coding and use of the relevant rare disease information sources are lacking in general practice in Ireland.

2.
Dent Update ; 39(10): 694-6, 698-700, 702, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23367634

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The general dental practitioner (GDP) plays a critical role in managing head and neck cancer patients. The first and most important role is to offer preventive services, particularly to smokers and to patients who drink alcohol to excess. It is of critical importance that every patient has a systematic examination of oral soft tissues when seen by a GDP. All patients with suspicious lesions should be referred for urgent attention to a specialist centre. Once oral cancer has been diagnosed, GDPs may be presented with patients requiring urgent dentistry, including extractions before commencement of treatment, requiring palliation of symptoms during treatment, or requiring general dentistry after treatment. Radiotherapy provides increased survival but has serious adverse consequences, which may be lifelong, including dry mouth, radiation caries, limitation of mouth opening and high risk of osteonecrosis after extractions. Extraction of teeth in irradiated bone should be referred to specialist centres. Improving survival rates and an ageing population mean that GDPs will see many more survivors of head and neck cancer in the future, with an increased burden of dental care in the longer-term and an increased need for monitoring and secondary prevention. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The management of patients with head and neck cancer is complex and involves a multi-disciplinary team, both in the primary treatment but also in the long-term care. This paper reviews the consequences of treatment for head and neck cancer and gives practical advice for GDPs and their team in the long-term care of these patients.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Doentes Crônicos , Odontologia Geral , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Irradiação Craniana/efeitos adversos , Assistência Odontológica para Doentes Crônicos/efeitos adversos , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Mucosite/terapia , Osteorradionecrose/etiologia , Estomatite/terapia , Distúrbios do Paladar/etiologia , Xerostomia/etiologia
3.
Ann Emerg Med ; 58(3): 225-234.e1, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21570157

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Health care reform in Massachusetts improved access to health insurance, but the extent to which reform affected utilization of the emergency department (ED) for conditions potentially amenable to primary care is unclear. Our objective is to determine the relationship between health reform and ED use for low-severity conditions. METHODS: We studied ED visits, using a convenience sample of 11 Massachusetts hospitals for identical 9-month periods before and after health care reform legislation was implemented in 2006. Individuals most affected by the health reform law (the uninsured and low-income populations covered by the publicly subsidized insurance products) were compared with individuals unlikely to be affected by the legislation (those with Medicare or private insurance). Our main outcome measure was the rate of overall and low-severity ED visits for the study population and the comparison population during the period before and after health reform implementation. RESULTS: Total visits increased from 424,878 in 2006 to 442,102 in 2008. Low-severity visits among publicly subsidized or uninsured patients decreased from 43.8% to 41.2% of total visits for that group (difference=2.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.25% to 2.85%), whereas low-severity visits for privately insured and Medicare patients decreased from 35.7% to 34.9% of total visits for that group (difference=0.8%; 95% CI 0.62% to 0.98%), for a difference in differences of 1.8% (95% CI 1.7% to 1.9%). CONCLUSION: Although overall ED volume continues to increase, Massachusetts health reform was associated with a small but statistically significant decrease in the rate of low-severity visits for those populations most affected by health reform compared with a comparison population of individuals less likely to be affected by the reform. Our findings suggest that access to health insurance is only one of a multitude of factors affecting utilization of the ED.


Assuntos
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Planos Governamentais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos
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