Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Phys Chem B ; 115(12): 3003-12, 2011 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21381636

RESUMO

The relevance of abrupt magnetic and optical transitions exhibiting bistability in spin-crossover solids has been pointed out for their potential applications in optical or memory devices. In this respect, triazole-based one-dimensional coordination polymers are widely recognized as one of the most interesting systems. The measure of the interaction among spin-crossover centers at the origin of such cooperative behavior is of paramount importance and has so far been realized through modeling of spin-crossover curves derived mostly from magnetic measurements. Here, a new series of triazole-based one-dimensional coordination polymers of formula [Fe(Rtrz)(3)](A)(2)·xH(2)O with R = methoxyethyl and A = monovalent anion has been prepared that show complete and abrupt spin-crossover phenomenon as shown by magnetic measurements. The spin-crossover transition in these and related compounds is studied by differential scanning calorimetry, and the thermodynamic excess enthalpies and entropies associated with the phenomenon are derived systematically. Then the cooperative character of the spin-crossover in these materials is quantified by use of two widely used models, so-called Slichter and Drickamer and domain models. The same procedure is applied to spin-crossover curves of similar compounds available in the literature and for which calorimetric studies have been reported. The experimental thermodynamic figures, in particular the excess enthalpies, are shown to be clearly correlated to the output parameters of both models, thus providing a direct, experimental, quantitative measure of the cooperative character of the spin-crossover phenomenon.

2.
Chemistry ; 16(29): 8785-96, 2010 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20583049

RESUMO

In the series of polymeric spin-crossover compounds Fe(X-py)(2)[Ag(CN)(2))](2) (py=pyridine, X=H, 3-Cl, 3-methyl, 4-methyl, 3,4-dimethyl), magnetic and calorimetric measurements have revealed that the conversion from the high-spin (HS) to the low-spin (LS) state occurs by two-step transitions for three out of five members of the family (X=H, 4-methyl, and X=3,4-dimethyl). The two other compounds (X=3-Cl and 3-methyl) show respectively an incomplete spin transition and no transition at all, the latter remaining in the HS state in the whole temperature range. The spin-crossover behaviour of the compound undergoing two-step transitions is well described by a thermodynamic model that considers both steps. Calculations with this model show low cooperativity in this type of systems. Reflectivity and photomagnetic experiments reveal that all of the compounds except that with X=3-methyl undergo light-induced excited spin state trapping (LIESST) at low temperatures. Isothermal HS-to-LS relaxation curves at different temperatures support the low-cooperativity character by following an exponential decay law, although in the thermally activated regime and for aX=H and X=3,4-dimethyl the behaviour is well described by a double exponential function in accordance with the two-step thermal spin transition. The thermodynamic parameters determined from this isothermal analysis were used for simulation of thermal relaxation curves, which nicely reproduce the experimental data.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 47(19): 9103-10, 2008 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18681421

RESUMO

Layered double hydroxides containing paramagnetic Ni (II) and diamagnetic/paramagnetic Al (III)/Fe (III) ions have been prepared and characterized. Ni 2Al(OH) 6(NO 3). nH 2O ( 1), Ni 2Fe(OH) 6(NO 3). nH 2O ( 2), Ni 2Fe(OH) 6(C 6H 8O 4) 0.5. nH 2O ( 3), and Ni 2Fe(OH) 6(C 10H 16O 4) 0.5. nH 2O ( 4) were prepared by coprecipitation at controlled pH as polycrystalline materials with the typical brucite-like structure, with alternating layers of hydroxide and the corresponding anions, which determine the interlayer separation. Magnetic studies show the appearance of spontaneous magnetization between 2 and 15 K for these compounds. Interestingly, the onset temperature for spontaneous magnetization follows a direct relationship with interlayer separation, since this is the only magnetic difference between compounds 2, 3, and 4. Magnetic and calorimetric data indicate that long-range magnetic ordering is not occurring in any of these materials, but rather a freezing of the magnetic system in 3D due to the magnetic disorder and competing intra- and interlayer interactions. Thus, these hydrotalcite-like magnetic materials can be regarded as spin glasses.

4.
J Phys Chem B ; 112(14): 4344-50, 2008 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18336015

RESUMO

Magnetic and thermal properties of the iron(III) spin crossover complex [Fe(3MeO-salenEt)(2)]PF(6) are very sensitive to mechanochemical perturbations. Heat capacities for unperturbed and differently perturbed samples were precisely determined by adiabatic calorimetry at temperatures in the 10-300 K range. The unperturbed compound shows a cooperative spin crossover transition at 162.31 K, presenting a hysteresis of 2.8 K. The anomalous enthalpy and entropy contents of the transition were evaluated to be Delta(trs)H = 5.94 kJ mol(-1) and Delta(trs)S = 36.7 J K(-1) mol(-1), respectively. By mechanochemical treatments, (1) the phase transition temperature was lowered by 1.14 K, (2) the enthalpy and entropy gains at the phase transition due to the spin crossover phenomenon were diminished to Delta(trs)H = 4.94 kJ mol(-1) and Delta(trs)S = 31.1 J K(-1) mol(-1), and (3) the lattice heat capacities were larger than those of the unperturbed sample over the whole temperature range. In spite of different mechanical perturbations (grinding with a mortar and pestle and grinding in a ball-mill), two sets of heat capacity measurements provided basically the same results. The mechanochemical perturbation exerts its effect more strongly on the low-spin state than on the high-spin state. It shows a substantial increase of the number of iron(III) ions in the high-spin state below the transition temperature. The heat capacities of the diamagnetic cobalt(III) analogue [Co(3MeO-salenEt)(2)]PF(6) also were measured. The lattice heat capacity of the iron compounds has been estimated from either the measurements on the cobalt complex using a corresponding states law or the effective frequency distribution method. These estimations have been used for the evaluation of the transition anomaly.

5.
Dalton Trans ; (5): 642-9, 2008 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18217120

RESUMO

A complete structural, calorimetric, and magnetic characterisation of the 2D coordination spin crossover polymer [Fe(pmd)(2)[Cu(CN)(2)](2)] is reported. The crystal structure has been investigated below room temperature at 180 K and 90 K, and at 30 K after irradiating the sample at low temperature with green light (lambda = 532 nm). The volume cell contraction through the thermal spin transition is only 18 A(3) which is lower than the usually observed value of around 25-30 A(3) while the average Fe-N bond distances decrease by the typical value of about 0.19 A. The structural data of the irradiated state indicate that the high spin state is well induced since the cell parameters are consistent with the data at 180 K. Calorimetric and photo-calorimetric experiments have also been performed. The entropy content for the thermal spin transition, DeltaS = 35-37 J mol(-1) K(-1) lies in the lowest range of the typical values and correlates with the low volume cell contraction. The combination of the crystallographic and calorimetric data predicts, in accordance with a mean-field approach, a linear pressure dependence of the critical temperature with a slope of 302 K GPa(-1). Magnetic measurements under pressure reveal an anomalous behaviour since the critical temperature and hysteresis do not change up to 0.22 GPa but an apparent linear dependence is obtained for higher pressures (up to 0.8 GPa) with a slope two times higher than the mean-field estimation.

6.
J Phys Chem B ; 111(6): 1256-61, 2007 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17253737

RESUMO

The two-dimensional (2D) polymeric spin crossover (SCO) compound Fe(py)2[Ag(CN)2]2 has been synthesized. The compound shows a two-step spin transition detected by magnetic, heat capacity, and X-ray diffraction measurements. The magnetic moment shows a high-temperature step (step 1) occurring at 146.3 K without hysteresis, while the low-temperature step (step 2) happens at 84 K on cooling and 98.2 K on heating. These measurements reveal a large amount of residual high spin (HS) species (23%) and that HS state trapping occurs at cooling rates of around 1 K min(-1) or higher. The two-step behavior has been confirmed by heat capacity, which gives, for steps 1 and 2, respectively, DeltaH1 = 3.33 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS1 = 22.6 J mol(-1) K(-1), and DeltaH2 = 1.51 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS2 = 15.7 J mol(-1) K(-1). For step 2 a hysteresis of 10 K has been determined with dynamic measurements. Powder X-ray diffraction at room temperature shows that the compound is isostructural to Cd(py)2[Ag(CN)2]2 previously reported. Powder X-ray diffraction indicates that there is only one crystallographic site for iron(II) in the whole temperature range, confirmed by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The X-ray diffraction study at different temperatures do not show any superstructure in the region between the transitions, discarding a crystallographic phase transition as the origin of the two-step behavior. However, an unexpected increase of the thermal factor is detected on lowering the temperature and considered as a manifestation of a disordered state between the two steps, consisting of a mixing of HS and LS species without long-range order.

7.
Acta Crystallogr B ; 59(Pt 5): 625-33, 2003 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14586083

RESUMO

The low-temperature crystal structures of tetramethylammonium perchlorate, [(CH(3))(4)N](ClO(4)), are analysed. At 210 K, a collection of 376 unique reflections on a single crystal gave R = 0.0567 for space group P4/nmm, with a(1) = 8.2376 (14), c(1) = 5.8256 (12) A and Z = 2, where the ClO(4) groups are disordered over four orientations. Below T(c) = 170 K, these groups order in four sublattices, each ion gradually choosing one unique orientation. At 150 K, the crystal is microtwinned. 1389 unique reflections were refined in the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2, with a(3) = 11.714 (3), b(3) = 11.784 (3), c(3) = 5.8265 (9) A, Z = 4 and R = 0.087. At 30 K, Rietveld refinement gave the same structure as is found at 150 K, with a clear difference between a(3) and b(3) [a(3) = 11.566 (2), b(3) = 11.806 (2) and c(3) = 5.729 (1) A]. The structural models and the phase transition are explained on the basis of electrostatic octopole-octopole interactions among the ClO(4) groups within layers perpendicular to the c axis. The order parameters of the low-temperature phase are discussed in relation to the structural results.

8.
Chemistry ; 8(24): 5701-8, 2002 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12693052

RESUMO

The ground-state properties of a Co3II moiety encapsulated in a polyoxometalate anion were investigated by combining measurements of specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and low-temperature magnetization with a detailed inelastic neutron scattering (INS) study on a fully deuterated polycrystalline sample of Na12[Co3W(D2O)2(ZnW9O34)2].40D2O (Co3). The ferromagnetic Co3O14 cluster core consists of three octahedrally oxo-coordinated CoII ions. According to the single-ion anisotropy and spin-orbit coupling of the octahedral CoII ions, the appropriate exchange Hamiltonian to describe the ground-state properties of the Co3 spin cluster is anisotropic and is expressed as H = -2 sigma a = x,y,z (Ja12 S1a S2a + Ja23 S2a S3a), where Ja are the components of the exchange interactions between the CoII ions. To reproduce the INS data, different orientations of the two anisotropic J tensors must be considered, and the following conditions had to be introduced: Jx12 = Jy23, Jy12 = Jx23, Jz12 = Jz23. This result was correlated with the molecular symmetry of the complex. The following set of parameters was obtained: Jx12 = Jy23 = 1.37, Jy12 = Jx23 = 0.218, and Jz12 = Jz23 = 1.24 meV. This set also reproduces in a satisfactory manner the specific heat, susceptibility, and magnetization properties of Co3.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA