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Chemistry ; 17(42): 11828-37, 2011 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21901774

RESUMO

A stable trans-(alkyl)(boryl) platinum complex trans-[Pt(BCat')Me(PCy(3))(2)] (Cat'=Cat-4-tBu; Cy=cyclohexyl=C(6)H(11)) was synthesised by salt metathesis reaction of trans-[Pt(BCat')Br(PCy(3))(2)] with LiMe and was fully characterised. Investigation of the reactivity of the title compound showed complete reductive elimination of Cat'BMe at 80 °C within four weeks. This process may be accelerated by the addition of a variety of alkynes, thereby leading to the formation of the corresponding η(2) -alkyne platinum complexes, of which [Pt(η(2)-MeCCMe)(PCy(3))(2)] was characterised by X-ray crystallography. Conversion of the trans-configured title compound to a cis derivative remained unsuccessful due to an instantaneous reductive elimination process during the reaction with chelating phosphines. Treatment of trans-[Pt(BCat')Me(PCy(3))(2)] with Cat(2)B(2) led to the formation of CatBMe and Cat'BMe. In the course of further investigations into this reaction, indications for two indistinguishable reaction mechanisms were found: 1) associative formation of a six-coordinate platinum centre prior to reductive elimination and 2) σ-bond metathesis of B-B and C-Pt bonds. Mechanism 1 provides a straightforward explanation for the formation of both methylboranes. Scrambling of diboranes(4) Cat(2)B(2) and Cat'(2)B(2) in the presence of [Pt(PCy(3))(2)], fully reductive elimination of CatBMe or Cat'BMe from trans-[Pt(BCat')Me(PCy(3))(2)] in the presence of sub-stoichiometric amounts of Cat(2)B(2), and evidence for the reversibility of the oxidative addition of Cat(2)B(2) to [Pt(PCy(3))(2)] all support mechanism 2, which consists of sequential equilibria reactions. Furthermore, the solid-state molecular structure of cis-[Pt(BCat)(2)(PCy(3))(2)] and cis-[Pt(BCat')(2)(PCy(3))(2)] were investigated. The remarkably short B-B separations in both bis(boryl) complexes suggest that the two boryl ligands in each case are more loosely bound to the Pt(II) centre than in related bis(boryl) species.

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