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1.
J Cutan Pathol ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586183

RESUMO

"Cutaneous melanocytic tumor with CRTC1-TRIM11 fusion" (CMTCT) is a newly described, potentially novel entity that typically presents as a dermal nodule on the head and neck, extremities and trunk of adults. Histopathologically, it is reported as a nodular or multinodular tumor composed of epithelioid and spindle cells that are variably immunoreactive for S100-protein, SOX10 and MITF along with more specific melanocytic markers such as MelanA and HMB45. With only 11 cases reported in the English literature so far, the neoplasm appears to behave in a relatively indolent fashion. Nevertheless, in one case, local recurrence and synchronous distant metastasis was evident after 13 years. Additional cases with longer follow-up are essential to determine the neoplasm's biologic behavior with more accuracy. Herein, two cases of CMTCT, one arising on the lower back of a 65-year-old female and the other on the arm of a 33-year-old female in addition to a comprehensive literature review are reported. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Dermatol Surg ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) poses treatment challenges. Invasive and noninvasive treatment modalities exist with variable success reported. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is emerging as an adjuvant diagnostic tool. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment of EMPD patients and the role of RCM. METHODS: Prospective study. Demographic and tumor characteristics were recorded. Handheld-RCM was performed and correlated with histology. Treatment, clearance, pathology, and follow-up were all recorded. RESULTS: Thirty-six EMPD lesions in 33 patients were included. Mean age was 71.7 years, and 23 were men. Mean number of surgical stages needed to clear margins was 1.9 (SD, 0.9; 1.0-3.0 stages), and mean margin needed to clear was 1.8 cm. Reflectance confocal microscopy correlated well with scouting punch biopsies (kappa, 0.93; p < .001). Disruption of the dermoepidermal junction was associated with invasive EMPD versus in situ (83.3% vs 25.9%) on histology (p = .01). LIMITATIONS: Relatively small sample size. CONCLUSION: Extramammary Paget disease is challenging, and lesion demarcation is of the utmost importance. Using a staged surgical excision approach, the mean margins needed were 1.8 cm, less than previously reported. Nonsurgical modalities, including radiation therapy, imiquimod, or photodynamic therapy can be considered if surgery is not pursued. Reflectance confocal microscopy is a valuable noninvasive imaging modality for the management of EMPD.

4.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cutaneous and unknown primary melanomas frequently harbor alterations that activate the Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) pathway. Whether MAPK driver detection beyond BRAF V600 is clinically relevant in the checkpoint inhibitor era is unknown. METHODS: Patients with melanoma were prospectivelyofferedtumor sequencingof 341-468 genes. Oncogenic alterations in 28 RTK-RAS-MAPK pathway genes were used to construct MAPK driver groups. Time to treatment failure(TTF)was determinedfor patients who received frontline PD-1 monotherapy,nivolumab plus ipilimumab,or subsequentgenomically matched targeted therapies.A Cox proportional hazards model was constructed for TTF using driver group and clinical variables. RESULTS: 670 of 696 sequenced melanomas (96%) harbored an oncogenic RTK-RAS-MAPK pathway alteration; 33% had {greater than or equal to}1 driver. Nine driver groups varied by clinical presentation and mutational burden. TTF of PD-1 monotherapy (N=181) varied by driver, with worse outcomes for NRAS Q61 and BRAF V600 versus NF1 or other alterations (median 4.2, 7.5, 22 and not reached;p<0.0001). Driver group remained significant independent of TMB and clinical features. TTF did not vary by driver for nivolumab plus ipilimumab (N=141). Among 172 patients with BRAF V600 wild-type melanoma who progressed on checkpoint blockade, 27 were treated with genomically matched therapy, and 8 (30%) derived clinical benefit lasting {greater than or equal to}6 months. CONCLUSION: Targeted capture multigene sequencingcan detect oncogenicRTK-RAS-MAPK pathway alterations in almost allcutaneous and unknown primary melanomas. Time to treatment failure of PD-1 monotherapy varies by mechanism of ERK activation.Oncogenic kinase fusionscan be successfully targetedin immune checkpointinhibitor-refractory melanoma.

5.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515627

RESUMO

Endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma (EMPSGC) is a low-grade eyelid tumor. Small biopsies and insensitive immunohistochemistry predispose to misdiagnosis. We aimed to identify clarifying immunohistochemical and/or molecular markers. Clinicopathologic data (22 cases) was reviewed. Immunohistochemistry (Insulinoma-associated protein-1(INSM1), BCL-2, MUC2, MUC4, androgen-receptor, Beta-catenin, MCPyV) and next generation sequencing (MSK-IMPACT, 468 genes) was performed (3 cases). Female (n=15) and male (n=7) patients, mean-age 71.8 years (53-88), had eyelid/periorbital tumors (>90%) with mucin-containing solid/cystic neuroendocrine pathology. Immunohistochemistry (INSM1, BCL2, androgen-receptor, RB1, Beta-catenin) was diffusely-positive (5/5), MUC2 partial, MUC4 focal, and MCPyV negative. MSK-IMPACT identified 12 single-nucleotide-variants and one in-frame deletion in 3 cases, each with DNA damage response/repair (BRD4, PPP4R2, RTEL1) and tumor-suppressor pathway (BRD4, TP53, TSC1, LATS2) mutations. Microsatellite instability, copy number alterations, and structural alterations were absent. INSM1 and MUC2 are positive in EMPSGC. MUC2 positivity suggests conjunctival origin. Multistep pathogenesis involving DNA damage repair and tumor-suppressor pathways may be implicated.

6.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 45(2): 277-285, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428338

RESUMO

A subset of Spitz tumors is associated with a copy number increase of chromosome 11p and activating mutations of HRAS. These aberrations have been reported to occur in association with desmoplastic Spitz nevi. Little is known to what extent 11p gains can also be found in nondesmoplastic tumors. To learn more about the spectrum of microscopic and cytogenetic changes that can be seen in Spitz lesions in association with 11p gains, we reviewed the clinical and pathologic features of 40 cases. Patient ages ranged from 3 to 75 years. The most common anatomic site was the head and neck region, followed by the upper extremities. Prominent desmoplasia was present in 10 cases. Seven tumors lacked significant stromal fibrosis. Twenty tumors were mitotically active. Novel microscopic features encountered in a few cases include a tumor with a polypoid silhouette and papillomatous surface and rare atypical tumors with a deep bulbous growth pattern. Among 36 cases analyzed by single-nucleotide polymorphism array or comparative genomic hybridization, 28 tumors had gains of the entire or near-entire p-arm of chromosome 11 with no other coexisting unbalanced genomic aberration. Eight cases had additional changes; 6 of these with 1 additional aberration per case, and 2 cases had several chromosomal aberrations. We also examined a subset of tumors by fluorescence in situ hybridization for the HRAS gene locus (11p15.5). All tumors were fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive. In conclusion, we expand the spectrum of pathologic findings associated with Spitz tumors with 11p gains. This cytogenetic aberration is not restricted to desmoplastic Spitz nevi. It can also be seen in nondesmoplastic and papillomatous lesions and atypical melanocytic tumors with a deep bulbous growth. We also document that in some Spitz tumors additional cytogenetic aberrations may be found, the significance of which remains to be determined.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Nevo de Células Epitelioides e Fusiformes/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nevo de Células Epitelioides e Fusiformes/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Am J Dermatopathol ; 42(12): 923-931, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289976

RESUMO

With the advent of better molecular characterization of Spitz melanocytic neoplasms, there has been increasing effort to better understand and describe the relationships between specific driver fusion and/or mutations with the clinical and histomorphological characteristics of the lesions. Structural rearrangements in mitogen activated protein kinase genes have recently been noted to be important in Spitz neoplasms. Only very few reports, however, have described in detail melanocytic tumors with in frame deletions in MAP2K1. Cases in the literature with this aberration have been described as having a diagnosis of Spitz, deep penetrating nevi, or pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma. In this study, we describe a cohort of 6 cases with MAP2K1 activating in frame deletions. The morphologic spectrum of the cases was broad. Common features of these cases include Spitzoid cytomorphology (5/6) cases, prominent melanin pigmentation (4/6) cases, and deep penetrating nevi-like plexiform architecture (3/6) cases. The diagnoses at the time of clinical care of these cases included nevus of Reed (1/6), desmoplastic Spitz tumor (1/6), BAPoma (1/6), deep penetrating melanocytic nevus (2/6), and melanoma (1/6). Clinical follow-up was available in 3 of the 6 cases. None of the patients had a tumor recurrence. This builds on the growing literature to help expand the spectrum of changes associated with Spitzoid melanocytic neoplasms.

8.
Mod Pathol ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968185

RESUMO

A subset of Spitz tumors harbor fusions of NTRK3 with ETV6, MYO5A, and MYH9. We evaluated a series of 22 melanocytic tumors in which an NTRK3 fusion was identified as part of the diagnostic workup. Tumors in which NTRK3 was fused to ETV6 occurred in younger patients were predominantly composed of epithelioid melanocytes and were classified by their histopathologic features as Spitz tumors. In contrast, those in which NTRK3 was fused to MYO5A were predominantly composed of spindled melanocytes arrayed in fascicles with neuroid features such as pseudo-Verocay bodies. To further investigate the effects of the fusion kinases ETV6-NTRK3 and MYO5A-NTRK3 in melanocytes, we expressed them in immortalized melanocytes and determined their subcellular localization by immunofluorescence. ETV6-NTRK3 was localized to the nucleus and diffusely within the cytoplasm and caused melanocytes to adopt an epithelioid cytomorphology. In contrast, MYO5A-NTRK3, appeared excluded from the nucleus of melanocytes, was localized to dendrites, and resulted in a highly dendritic cytomorphology. Our findings indicate that ETV6-NTRK3 and MYO5A-NTRK3 have distinct subcellular localizations and effects on cellular morphology.

10.
Hum Pathol ; 106: 32-38, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946880

RESUMO

Primary dermal melanoma (PDM) is a rare variant of melanoma which simulates metastatic melanoma to the skin. Diagnosis of PDM cannot be established on histologic grounds alone but requires absence of evidence of melanoma elsewhere by clinical history and/or imaging studies. Despite this entity being clinically well documented, limited data on molecular characterization are available. We performed comprehensive mutation and copy number variation analysis in a series of PDMs in search for distinctive molecular features.Studies were approved by respective institutional review boards. Six cases fulfilling strict histologic criteria of PDM were identified in patients with absent history of melanoma elsewhere, negative sentinel lymph node biopsies and imaging studies. DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue, and five cases passed quality control measures and were subjected to targeted exon sequencing using the Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets 410 panel. Two of five PDM carried NRAS hotspot mutations characteristic of cutaneous melanoma (CM) genomic subtypes. One case showed a probable low-activating NRAS mutation in combination with additional aberrations in other mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway effectors. Hotspot mutations were also identified in the TERT promoter region, and one tumor showed a mutation in the SWI/SNF remodeling complex. No oncogenic mutations were identified in one case. Furthermore, none of the tumors analyzed showed activating mutations in Gα subunits, including GNAQ and GNA11. Copy number alterations included deletions of Chr 9p, characteristic of CM.Despite PDM showing mutational heterogeneity, our findings suggest predominance of MAPK pathway aberrations in agreement with the mutational profile of CMs in general. Given the absence of genetic overlap with other distinct primary dermal melanocytic proliferations, mutational profiling will unlikely aid in the difficult differential diagnosis of PDM versus melanoma metastasis. Thorough metastatic workup remains crucial in establishing this rare diagnosis.

11.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886149

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCIS) of the nail unit is a complex malignancy; with little understanding of rate of upstaging or occult invasion in these patients. We sought to evaluate the rate of upstaging in nail unit SCCIS after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). Retrospective review of 346 patients who referred for and underwent MMS for biopsy proven SCCIS on the hands and feet between January 1, 2000 and December 30, 2019. Only cases in the nail unit were included. Clinical, surgical details, histopathological features, HPV status, and rate of upstaging were recorded. Thirty-one cases met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. Twenty-four patients were males (77.4%). The mean age was 55 years (SD 17.26, range 27-84). The mean clinical size was 9.9 mm; 19 cases tested for HPV, 15/19 were positive (78.9%), and 8/19 (42.1%) were associated with high-risk HPV. Three patients (9.7%) were upstaged to invasive on either MMS margins or tumor debulking. Limitations included a relatively small sample size and retrospective in nature. The rate of upstaging of SCCIS in the nail unit is not frequent, and when upstaging occurred it was focal, superficial, and with no PNI or bone invasion.

12.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978676

RESUMO

Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FEP) is a subtype of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) that can clinically resemble intradermal nevi (IDN) and fibromas. We performed a retrospective review of consecutively biopsied lesions confirmed to be FEP on histopathology diagnosed from January 1, 2008 to April 8, 2019. Clinical (n = 48), contact non-polarized dermoscopy (NPD) (n = 44), and contact polarized dermoscopy (PD) (n = 22) images from 36 patients were reviewed. Mean age was 64.5 years (SD 15.1 years, range 24-86 years) at diagnosis of first FEP lesion. Most lesions were located on the torso (n = 28, 58.3%), followed by the lower extremity (n = 9, 18.8%). The most common differential diagnoses at the time of biopsy included BCC (n = 40) and nevus (other than IDN, n = 5). Clinically, FEP were pink (95.8%), scaly (66.7%) papules (77.1%) displaying disrupted skin markings (62.5%) and absence of hair follicles (87.5%). NPD revealed serpentine (97.7%), dotted (81.8%), or polymorphous vessels (86.4%), and hypopigmented to pink lines intersecting at acute angles (HPLA) (52.3%). PD demonstrated serpentine (95.5%), dotted (86.4%), or polymorphous vessels (81.8%), shiny white lines (50.0%), and HPLA (59.1%). Classic features of BCC such as arborizing vessels (n = 2), ulceration (n = 1), shiny white blotches and strands (n = 1), blue-gray ovoid nest (n = 1), and leaf-like areas (n = 1) were uncommon. FEP often presents as scaly, erythematous papules with disrupted skin markings and absence of hair follicles. Dermoscopy reveals polymorphous vessels with shiny white lines and HPLA.

13.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844312

RESUMO

Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) are two noninvasive, optical imaging tools used to facilitate clinical diagnosis. A biopsy technique that produces exact correlation with optical imaging features is not previously reported. To evaluate the applications of a novel feature-focused 'precision biopsy' technique that correlates clinical-dermoscopy-RCM findings with histopathology. This was a prospective case-series performed during August 2017 and June 2019 at a tertiary care cancer. We included consecutive patients requiring a precise dermoscopy-RCM-histopathologic correlation. We performed prebiopsy dermoscopy and both wide probe and handheld RCM of suspicious lesions. Features of interest were isolated with the aid of paper rings and a 2 mm punch biopsy was performed in the dermoscopy- or RCM-highlighted area. Tissue was processed either en face or with vertical sections. One-to-one correlation with histopathology was obtained. Twenty-three patients with 24 lesions were included in the study. The mean age was 64.6 years (range 22-91 years); there were 16 (69.6%) males, 14 (58.3%) lesions biopsied were on head and neck region. We achieved tissue-conservation diagnosis in 100% (24/24), 13 (54.2%) were clinically equivocal lesions, six (25%) were selected for 'feature correlation' of structures on dermoscopy or RCM, and five (20.8%) for 'correlation of new/unknown' RCM features seen on follow-up. The precision biopsy technique described herein is a novel method that facilitates direct histopathological correlation of dermoscopy and RCM features. With the aids of optical imaging devices, accurate diagnosis may be achieved by minimally invasive tissue extraction.

14.
Surg Oncol Clin N Am ; 29(3): 327-338, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482311

RESUMO

An ambiguous pathologic report can present a clinical dilemma to the treating surgeon. We describe lesions ranging from the potentially benign to the likely malignant. Correctly identifying features associated with higher-risk lesions has proven challenging given the overall good prognosis and low rate of events. An appropriate treatment plan generally requires discussion between the surgeon and an experienced dermatopathologist. When clinically indicated, additional testing may be used to further support or refute a diagnosis of melanoma. The indications for these techniques, the data to support their use, and the strengths and weakness of each are reviewed.

15.
Mod Pathol ; 33(11): 2115-2127, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572154

RESUMO

Remote digital pathology allows healthcare systems to maintain pathology operations during public health emergencies. Existing Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments regulations require pathologists to electronically verify patient reports from a certified facility. During the 2019 pandemic of COVID-19 disease, caused by the SAR-CoV-2 virus, this requirement potentially exposes pathologists, their colleagues, and household members to the risk of becoming infected. Relaxation of government enforcement of this regulation allows pathologists to review and report pathology specimens from a remote, non-CLIA certified facility. The availability of digital pathology systems can facilitate remote microscopic diagnosis, although formal comprehensive (case-based) validation of remote digital diagnosis has not been reported. All glass slides representing routine clinical signout workload in surgical pathology subspecialties at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center were scanned on an Aperio GT450 at ×40 equivalent resolution (0.26 µm/pixel). Twelve pathologists from nine surgical pathology subspecialties remotely reviewed and reported complete pathology cases using a digital pathology system from a non-CLIA certified facility through a secure connection. Whole slide images were integrated to and launched within the laboratory information system to a custom vendor-agnostic, whole slide image viewer. Remote signouts utilized consumer-grade computers and monitors (monitor size, 13.3-42 in.; resolution, 1280 × 800-3840 × 2160 pixels) connecting to an institution clinical workstation via secure virtual private network. Pathologists subsequently reviewed all corresponding glass slides using a light microscope within the CLIA-certified department. Intraobserver concordance metrics included reporting elements of top-line diagnosis, margin status, lymphovascular and/or perineural invasion, pathology stage, and ancillary testing. The median whole slide image file size was 1.3 GB; scan time/slide averaged 90 s; and scanned tissue area averaged 612 mm2. Signout sessions included a total of 108 cases, comprised of 254 individual parts and 1196 slides. Major diagnostic equivalency was 100% between digital and glass slide diagnoses; and overall concordance was 98.8% (251/254). This study reports validation of primary diagnostic review and reporting of complete pathology cases from a remote site during a public health emergency. Our experience shows high (100%) intraobserver digital to glass slide major diagnostic concordance when reporting from a remote site. This randomized, prospective study successfully validated remote use of a digital pathology system including operational feasibility supporting remote review and reporting of pathology specimens, and evaluation of remote access performance and usability for remote signout.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Patologia Cirúrgica , Pneumonia Viral , Telepatologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Patologia Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Patologia Cirúrgica/métodos , Patologia Cirúrgica/organização & administração , Telepatologia/instrumentação , Telepatologia/métodos , Telepatologia/organização & administração , Fluxo de Trabalho
16.
Mod Pathol ; 33(11): 2244-2255, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581366

RESUMO

Primary pulmonary melanoma (PPM) is an entity recognized by the thoracic WHO classification. However, given the absence of native melanocytes in the lung and the known phenomenon of regression of cutaneous melanomas, the existence of PPM has remained controversial. Herein we investigate clinicopathologic and genomic features of lung-only melanomas with the goal to clarify their site of origin. We identified 10 melanomas involving exclusively lung with no current or previous cutaneous, uveal, or mucosal primaries. Four patients had solitary lesions with mean size of 5.1 cm (range 3.0-10.1 cm), meeting the criteria of PPM. Four patients had 2-3 lesions and 2 patients had >10 lesions. All cases underwent targeted next-generation sequencing interrogating up to 468 cancer genes, which revealed mean tumor mutation burden of 42.6 per megabase (range 1.8 to 126) and frequent mutations involving BRAF, NRAS, NF1, KIT, and KRAS - a genomic profile typical of UV-associated cutaneous melanoma. Mutational signature was assessable for eight cases harboring >20 mutations. This revealed that all evaluable cases harbored a dominant UV signature. In addition, one nonevaluable case harbored a GG > AA TERT promoter variant that is highly specific for UV-mutagenesis. As control groups, using the same methodology, a dominant UV signature was identified in 97% (470/486) of cutaneous melanomas, whereas no lung adenocarcinoma (n = 291) exhibited this signature. Notably, the clinical and pathologic features of solitary melanomas, especially those with large size and epithelioid morphology, closely mimicked primary lung carcinomas, highlighting a major potential for misdiagnosis. In conclusion, presence of a UV signature provides direct evidence that nearly all lung-only melanomas in this series, including solitary lesions meeting the strict criteria of PPM, represent metastases from occult cutaneous melanomas. This suggests that lung-only melanomas should be considered as likely metastatic even in the absence of a known primary melanoma elsewhere.

17.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(8): 882-890, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459294

RESUMO

Importance: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer. Dermoscopic imaging has improved diagnostic accuracy; however, diagnosis of nonpigmented BCC remains limited to arborizing vessels, ulceration, and shiny white structures. Objective: To assess multiple aggregated yellow-white (MAY) globules as a diagnostic feature for BCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective, single-center, case-control study, nonpigmented skin tumors, determined clinically, were identified from a database of lesions consecutively biopsied during a 7-year period (January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2015). A subset of tumors was prospectively diagnosed, and reflectance confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic correlation were performed. Data analysis was conducted from July 1 to September 31, 2019. Exposures: Investigators evaluated for the presence or absence of known dermoscopic criteria. MAY globules were defined as aggregated, white-yellow structures visualized in polarized and nonpolarized light. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of MAY globules for the diagnosis of BCC. Secondary objectives included the association with BCC location and subtype. Interrater agreement was estimated. Results: A total of 656 nonpigmented lesions from 643 patients (mean [SD] age, 63.1 [14.9] years; 381 [58.1%] male) were included. In all, 194 lesions (29.6%) were located on the head and neck. A total of 291 (44.4%) were BCCs. MAY globules were seen in 61 of 291 BCC cases (21.0%) and in 3 of 365 other diagnoses (0.8%) (P < .001). The odds ratio for diagnosis of BCC was 32.0 (96% CI, 9.9-103.2). The presence of MAY globules was associated with a diagnosis of histologic high-risk BCC (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% CI, 3.1-14.3). The structure was never seen in cases of superficial BCCs. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings suggest that MAY globules may have utility as a new BCC dermoscopic criterion with a high specificity. MAY globules were negatively associated with superficial BCC and positively associated with deeper-seated, histologic, higher-grade tumor subtypes.

18.
J Pathol Clin Res ; 6(3): 195-206, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304183

RESUMO

Among visceral metastatic sites, cutaneous melanoma (CM) metastasises initially to the liver in ~14-20% of cases. Liver metastases in CM patients are associated with both poor prognosis and poor response to immunotherapy. Histopathological growth patterns (HGPs) of liver metastases of the replacement and desmoplastic type, particularly from colorectal cancer and uveal melanoma (UM), may impart valuable biological and prognostic information. Here, we have studied HGP in 43 CM liver metastases resected from 42 CM patients along with other prognostic factors from three institutions. The HGPs (replacement, desmoplastic, pushing) were scored at the metastasis-liver interface with two algorithms: (1) 100% desmoplastic growth pattern (dHGP) and any (≥1%) replacement pattern (any-rHGP) and (2) >50% dHGP, >50% rHGP or mixed (<50% dHGP and/or rHGP, pushing HGP). For 1 patient with 2 metastases, an average was taken to obtain 1 final HGP yielding 42 observations from 42 patients. 22 cases (52%) had 100% dHGP whereas 20 (48%) had any replacement. Cases with rHGP demonstrated vascular co-option/angiotropism. With the development of liver metastasis, only rHGP (both algorithms), male gender and positive resection margins predicted diminished overall survival (p = 0.00099 and p = 0.0015; p = 0.034 and p = 0.024 respectively). On multivariate analysis, only HGP remained significant. 7 of 42 (17%) patients were alive with disease and 21 (50%) died with follow-up after liver metastases ranging from 1.8 to 42.2 months (mean: 20.4 months, median: 19.0 months). 14 (33%) patients with previously-treated metastatic disease had no evidence of disease at last follow up. In conclusion, we report for the first time replacement and desmoplastic HGPs in CM liver metastases and their prognostic value, as in UM and other solid cancers. Of particular importance, any rHGP significantly predicted diminished overall survival while 100% dHGP correlated with increased survival. These results contribute to a better understanding of the biology of CM liver metastases and potentially may be utilised in managing patients with these metastases.

19.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 44(7): 893-900, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317605

RESUMO

PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma) is a melanoma-associated antigen. Although diffuse immunoreactivity for PRAME is found in most primary cutaneous melanomas, melanocytic nevi express PRAME usually only in a subpopulation of tumor cells or not at all. Hence, testing for PRAME expression has the potential to provide useful information for the assessment for diagnostically ambiguous melanocytic neoplasms. Many of the latter tumors are currently studied by cytogenetic methods for ancillary evidence in support of or against a diagnosis of melanoma. In this study we analyzed 110 diagnostically problematic melanocytic tumors comparing results for PRAME immunohistochemistry (IHC) with those from fluorescence in situ hybridization and/or single nucleotide polymorphism-array, and each with the final diagnostic interpretation. In 90% of cases there was concordance between PRAME IHC and cytogenetic tests results, and in 92.7% concordance between PRAME IHC and the final diagnosis. The high concordance between PRAME IHC and cytogenetic test results as well as the final diagnosis supports the use of PRAME IHC as an ancillary test in the evaluation of ambiguous primary cutaneous melanocytic neoplasms, especially given its practical advantage of lower cost and faster turnaround over cytogenetic or gene expression studies. However, our results indicate that PRAME IHC and cytogenetic tests for melanocytic tumors are not entirely interchangeable and on occasion each type of test may yield false-negative or false-positive results.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Análise Citogenética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Nevo Pigmentado/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Reações Falso-Negativas , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/metabolismo , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nevo Pigmentado/genética , Nevo Pigmentado/metabolismo , Nevo Pigmentado/patologia , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(5): 587-588, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211818
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