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1.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 27(12): 190, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27844305

RESUMO

Functionalized textiles can be used in wound management to reduce the microbial burden in the wound area, to prevent wound infections, and to avoid cross-contamination between patients. In the present study, a comprehensive in vitro approach to enable the assessment of antibacterial activity of functionalized textiles and cytotoxicity of cyclodextrin (CD)-complexes with chlorhexidine diacetate (CHX), iodine (IOD), and polihexanide (PHMB) is suggested to evaluate their properties for supporting optimal conditions for wound healing. For all ß-CD-antiseptic functionalized cotton samples a strong antibacterial effect on the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis as well as on the Gram-negative bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli was proven. In addition, ß-CD-CHX and ß-CD-PHMB were effective against the yeast Candida albicans. The growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa could be reduced significantly by ß-CD-IOD and ß-CD-PHMB. The established comprehensive testing system for determination of biocompatibility on human HaCaT keratinocytes is suitable for obtaining robust data on cell viability, cytotoxicity and mode of cell death of the ß-CD-antiseptic-complexes. The promising results of the high antimicrobial activity of these functionalized textiles show the high potential of such materials in medical applications.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Ciclodextrinas/química , Têxteis , Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Apoptose , Biguanidas , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/microbiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Int J Pharm ; 452(1-2): 188-93, 2013 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23665083

RESUMO

Cyclodextrins (CDs) are able to form inclusion complexes with other molecules, thereby, protecting these guest molecules from degradation, enhancing their biocompatibility or influencing their physiological distribution while retaining their activity. Here, antibacterial effects of CD-complexes with the antiseptics chlorhexidine diacetate (CHX), iodine (IOD) and polihexanide (PHMB) were determined using two different in vitro methods, microplate laser nephelometry and an ATP bioluminescence assay. Laser nephelometry is a direct method for monitoring and evaluating growth of micro-organisms by measurement of the turbidity of the solution. In contrast, the ATP bioluminescence assay determines specifically the amount of metabolic active bacterial cells. The antibacterial effects of CD-antiseptics-complexes were examined for Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis and the results of both methods were compared in respect of calculated means of half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) and statistical evaluated Pearson's correlation coefficients (r). It could be demonstrated that both methods showed a high comparability although they differ in the parameters tested. This study revealed that CD-complexes with CHX and PHMB were most effective against E. coli and the tested staphylococci. While CD-IOD-complexes obtained high activity against K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa was distinctly more resistant compared to the other bacteria.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclodextrinas/administração & dosagem , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biguanidas/administração & dosagem , Biguanidas/química , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Clorexidina/química , Ciclodextrinas/química , Iodo/administração & dosagem , Iodo/química , Medições Luminescentes , Nefelometria e Turbidimetria
3.
Int J Pharm ; 436(1-2): 851-6, 2012 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22877865

RESUMO

Antimicrobial effects of substances can be determined with different methods that measure distinct parameters. Thus, a comparison of the results obtained can be difficult. In this study, two in vitro methods were employed to determine concentration and time dependent effects of cyclodextrin (CD)-complexes with the antiseptics chlorhexidine diacetate (CHX), iodine (IOD) and polihexanide (PHMB) on Candida albicans and Malassezia pachydermatis. Using both, microplate laser nephelometry and the ATP bioluminescence assay, it could be shown that CD-antiseptics-complexes tested exhibited significant antifungal effects with the exception of γ-CD-CHX in the case of C. albicans. Microplate laser nephelometry (MLN) is an optical method and enables a quantitative determination of particle concentrations in solution. By means of this method, microbial growth under influence of potential antimicrobial substances can be monitored over a prolonged time period. In addition, the antimicrobial activity was analyzed by measurement of the microbial adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content with a bioluminescent assay. The luminescent signal is directly proportional to the amount of ATP, and thus, a linear function of the number of living microbial cells present. Both methods were compared according to the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) calculated and the statistical evaluation of Pearson's correlation coefficient (r). In summary, it could be demonstrated that both methods yield similar results although they differ in the parameter.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclodextrinas/administração & dosagem , Malassezia/efeitos dos fármacos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Biguanidas/administração & dosagem , Biguanidas/química , Candida albicans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/metabolismo , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Clorexidina/química , Ciclodextrinas/química , Iodo/administração & dosagem , Iodo/química , Lasers , Medições Luminescentes , Malassezia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malassezia/metabolismo , Nefelometria e Turbidimetria
4.
Carbohydr Polym ; 89(2): 558-63, 2012 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24750758

RESUMO

In this study, a polyamino carboxylic acid was synthesized by reaction of a commercial polyvinylamine and bromoacetic acid. The reaction product was used for crosslinking of cotton fabric by a pad-dry-cure process. Crosslinking of the finished cotton occurred via the formation of ester bonds between the carboxylic groups of the polyamino carboxylic acid and the hydroxyl groups of cellulose. Ester bonds were confirmed by appearance of the corresponding absorbance at 1730 cm(-1) in the FTIR spectrum of the finished cotton. The created durable press effect on the finished cotton with polyamino carboxylic acid was evaluated by measuring the wrinkle recovery angle (WRA). Impact of this finishing agent on the physical properties of the cotton was studied by evaluating the tensile strength and whiteness index, and softness of the finished cotton. The easy care effect was durable against laundering. Softness, whiteness, and tensile strength of the finished cotton have not changed significantly.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 40(18): 4838-41, 2011 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21465034

RESUMO

Thin films of [Cu(3)(btc)(2)](n) (btc = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate) metal organic framework were deposited in a stepwise manner on surfaces of flexible organic polymers. The thickness of films can be precisely controlled. The deposition of the first cycles was monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy. The porosity was proven by the adsorption of pyrazine, which was monitored by FT-IR and thermogravimetric analysis. The deposition of MOF thin films on flexible polymer surfaces might be a new path for the fabrication of functional materials for different applications, such as protection layers for working clothes and gas separation materials in the textile industry.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 46(12): 2034-6, 2010 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20221483

RESUMO

The [6.6](9,10)anthracenophane 1 (Scheme 1) is a selective fluoroionophore for the detection of PdCl(2) with a large fluorescence enhancement factor (I/I(0) > 250).

7.
Inorg Chem ; 48(16): 7864-84, 2009 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19618946

RESUMO

The crystal structure of the as-yet-unknown salt K[Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)].3H(2)O, where cydta = (+/-)-trans-1,2-cyclohexanediaminetetraacetate, has been resolved: orthorhombic space group Pbca with R1 = 0.0309, wR2 = 0.0700, and GOF = 0.99. There are two independent [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) anions in the asymmetric unit, and the ligand is (R,R)-cydta in both cases. The coordination polyhedron is a seven-coordinate capped trigonal prism where the quadrilateral face formed by the four ligand donor oxygen atoms is capped by the coordinated water molecule. The speciation of [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) in water was studied in detail by a combination of techniques: (i) Measurements of the pH dependence of the Fe(III/II)cydta redox potentials by cyclic voltammetry enabled the estimation of the stability constants (0.1 M KNO(3), 25 degrees C) of [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) (log beta(III)(110) = 29.05 +/- 0.01) and [Fe(II)(cydta)(H(2)O)](2-) (log beta(II)(110) = 17.96 +/- 0.01) as well as pK(III)(a1OH) = 9.57 and pK(II)(a1H) = 2.69. The formation enthalpy of [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) (DeltaH degrees = -23 +/- 1 kJ mol(-1)) was measured by direct calorimetry and is compared to the corresponding value for [Fe(III)(edta)(H(2)O)](-) (DeltaH degrees = -31 +/- 1 kJ mol(-1)). (ii) pH-dependent spectrophotometric titrations of Fe(III)cydta lead to pK(III)(a1OH) = 9.54 +/- 0.01 for deprotonation of the coordinated water and a dimerization constant of log K(d) = 1.07. These data are compared with those of Fe(III)pdta (pdta = 1,2-propanediaminetetraacetate; pK(III)(a1OH) = 7.70 +/- 0.01, log K(d) = 2.28) and Fe(III)edta (pK(III)(a1OH) = 7.52 +/- 0.01, log K(d) = 2.64). Temperature- and pressure-dependent (17)O NMR measurements lead to the following kinetic parameters for the water-exchange reaction at [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) (at 298 K): k(ex) = (1.7 +/- 0.2) x 10(7) s(-1), DeltaH(++) = 40.2 +/- 1.3 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS(++) = +28.4 +/- 4.7 J mol(-1) K(-1), and DeltaV(++) = +2.3 +/- 0.1 cm(3) mol(-1). A detailed kinetic study of the effect of the buffer, temperature, and pressure on the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) was performed using stopped-flow techniques. The reaction was found to consist of two steps and resulted in the formation of a purple Fe(III) side-on-bound peroxo complex [Fe(III)(cydta)(eta(2)-O(2))](3-). The peroxo complex and its degradation products were characterized using Mossbauer spectroscopy. Formation of the purple peroxo complex is only observable above a pH of 9.5. Both reaction steps are affected by specific and general acid catalysis. Two different buffer systems were used to clarify the role of general acid catalysis in these reactions. Mechanistic descriptions and a comparison between the edta and cydta systems are presented. The first reaction step reveals an element of reversibility, which is evident over the whole studied pH range. The positive volume of activation for the forward reaction and the positive entropy of activation for the backward reaction suggest a dissociative interchange mechanism for the reversible end-on binding of hydrogen peroxide to [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-). Deprotonation of the end-on-bound hydroperoxo complex leads to the formation of a seven-coordinate side-on-bound peroxo complex [Fe(III)(cydta)(eta(2)-O(2))](3-), where one carboxylate arm is detached. [Fe(III)(cydta)(eta(2)-O(2))](3-) can be reached by two different pathways, of which one is catalyzed by a base and the other by deprotonated hydrogen peroxide. For both pathways, a small negative volume and entropy of activation was observed, suggesting an associative interchange mechanism for the ring-closure step to the side-on-bound peroxo complex. For the second reaction step, no element of reversibility was found.


Assuntos
Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Compostos Férricos/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Termodinâmica , Dimerização , Ácido Edético/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Oxirredução , Software , Espectrofotometria , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , Temperatura , Titulometria , Água/química
9.
J Cosmet Sci ; 53(3): 185-91, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12053209

RESUMO

Cyclodextrins are non-toxic cyclic polysaccharides. They form inlusion complexes with numerous organic molecules. The physical and chemical properties of the guest molecules change due to complex formation. Thus, for example, the stability of the complexed molecule against light and oxygen increases and the vapor pressure is reduced. The solubility of slightly soluble molecules increases in a cyclodextrin complex. All these and further advantages of cyclodextrins and their complexes can be used for the formulation of cosmetic products. As a result, effects are possible not realizable with common techniques.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Ciclodextrinas
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