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1.
Ann Intern Med ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869834

RESUMO

Background: Preliminary data suggest that preoperative N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) may improve risk prediction in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Objective: To determine whether preoperative NT-proBNP has additional predictive value beyond a clinical risk score for the composite of vascular death and myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) within 30 days after surgery. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: 16 hospitals in 9 countries. Patients: 10 402 patients aged 45 years or older having inpatient noncardiac surgery. Measurements: All patients had NT-proBNP levels measured before surgery and troponin T levels measured daily for up to 3 days after surgery. Results: In multivariable analyses, compared with preoperative NT-proBNP values less than 100 pg/mL (the reference group), those of 100 to less than 200 pg/mL, 200 to less than 1500 pg/mL, and 1500 pg/mL or greater were associated with adjusted hazard ratios of 2.27 (95% CI, 1.90 to 2.70), 3.63 (CI, 3.13 to 4.21), and 5.82 (CI, 4.81 to 7.05) and corresponding incidences of the primary outcome of 12.3% (226 of 1843), 20.8% (542 of 2608), and 37.5% (223 of 595), respectively. Adding NT-proBNP thresholds to clinical stratification (that is, the Revised Cardiac Risk Index [RCRI]) resulted in a net absolute reclassification improvement of 258 per 1000 patients. Preoperative NT-proBNP values were also statistically significantly associated with 30-day all-cause mortality (less than 100 pg/mL [incidence, 0.3%], 100 to less than 200 pg/mL [incidence, 0.7%], 200 to less than 1500 pg/mL [incidence, 1.4%], and 1500 pg/mL or greater [incidence, 4.0%]). Limitation: External validation of the identified NT-proBNP thresholds in other cohorts would reinforce our findings. Conclusion: Preoperative NT-proBNP is strongly associated with vascular death and MINS within 30 days after noncardiac surgery and improves cardiac risk prediction in addition to the RCRI. Primary Funding Source: Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

2.
Can J Surg ; 61(3): 185-194, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29806816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) is a mostly asymptomatic condition that is strongly associated with 30-day mortality; however, it remains mostly undetected without systematic troponin T monitoring. We evaluated the cost and consequences of postoperative troponin T monitoring to detect MINS. METHODS: We conducted a model-based cost-consequence analysis to compare the impact of routine troponin T monitoring versus standard care (troponin T measurement triggered by ischemic symptoms) on the incidence of MINS detection. Model inputs were based on Canadian patients enrolled in the Vascular Events in Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation (VISION) study, which enrolled patients aged 45 years or older undergoing inpatient noncardiac surgery. We conducted probability analyses with 10 000 iterations and extensive sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: The data were based on 6021 patients (48% men, mean age 65 [standard deviation 12] yr). The 30-day mortality rate for MINS was 9.6%. We determined the incremental cost to avoid missing a MINS event as $1632 (2015 Canadian dollars). The cost-effectiveness of troponin monitoring was higher in patient subgroups at higher risk for MINS, e.g., those aged 65 years or more, or with a history of atherosclerosis or diabetes ($1309). CONCLUSION: The costs associated with a troponin T monitoring program to detect MINS were moderate. Based on the estimated incremental cost per health gain, implementation of postoperative troponin T monitoring seems appealing, particularly in patients at high risk for MINS.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Isquemia Miocárdica , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/economia , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/economia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Risco
3.
Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim ; 45(6): 367-373, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29359077

RESUMO

Objective: Normative values of left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic area and diameter (EDA and EDD) for intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) have not been established. We aimed to define the ranges of LV EDA and EDD for intraoperative TEE examinations in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods: A MEDLINE search for studies reporting LV EDA and EDD in CABG patients was performed. Individual-level dataset from 333 anaesthetised and mechanically ventilated patients with preserved LV function (study population) were received from 8 studies. EDA and calculated EDD values in the study population were compared with summary mean EDD values obtained by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in 2 studies of 500 awake patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Further, the influence of prespecified factors on EDD was evaluated through a multivariate regression model. Results: LV EDA and EDD values measured by TEE in anaesthetised CABG patients were 16.7±4.7 cm2 and 4.6±0.6 cm, respectively. EDD values measured by TEE in anaesthetised patients were 10% to 13% less those measured by TTE in 2 studies of awake patients (p<0.001). Body surface area, age and fractional area change but not sex were factors that affected LV EDD. Conclusion: LV EDD values measured by intraoperative TEE in anaesthetised and mechanically ventilated CABG patients were 10% to 13% less than those measured by TTE in awake CAD patients. This finding indicates that independent normative values specific for intraoperative TEE should be established for guiding intraoperative clinical decisions.

4.
Clin Biochem ; 44(12): 1021-4, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21640092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of noncardiac surgery patients exceeding the published 99th percentile or change criteria with the high sensitivity Troponin T (hs-TnT) assay. DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured hs-TnT preoperatively and postoperatively on days 1, 2 and 3 in 325 adults. RESULTS: Postoperatively 45% (95% CI: 39-50%) of patients had hs-TnT≥14ng/L and 22% (95% CI:17-26%) had an elevation (≥14ng/L) and change (>85%) in hs-TnT. CONCLUSION: Further research is needed to inform the optimal hs-TnT threshold and change in this setting.


Assuntos
Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios
5.
Ther Umsch ; 66(7): 509-17, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19565445

RESUMO

All patients should undergo surgical procedures in the most stable and favourable condition with a continuation of chronic medication. Accordingly, this medication should be continued until the day before surgery in most patients. The preoperative period should be used to evaluate the completeness and quality of the medical treatment. Are all patient with cardiological indications for beta-receptor blocking agents, ACE-inhibitors and statins treated with these drugs? Is diabetes being adequately treated? Are the doses of the medication for the treatment of thyroid dysfunction within the optimal range? If there is room for improvement, adjustments should be done cautiously and well in advance. In contrast, there are no recognised situations in which a medication should be started preoperatively in the absence of a pre-established chronic indication. Management of antiplatelet agents and cumarins requires careful consideration. The hazards of continuing and withholding treatment must be evaluated. In patients who have suffered a cardiovascular event and/or have undergone (coronary) revascularisation, elective surgery must be delayed for weeks or months depending on the circumstances and the devices used.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/administração & dosagem , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Insulina/efeitos adversos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Preparações Farmacêuticas/administração & dosagem
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