Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 306
Filtrar
1.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(8): 535-543, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342514

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the current study was to use the CIELab system to evaluate the performance of the whitening treatment involving violet light-emitting diode (LED) combined with a home 10% and 22% carbamide peroxide dental bleaching technique on dental enamel. Methods: Fifty blocks of bovine dental enamel were divided into five groups: control group (control), receiving only LED irradiation; Whitening 10%, receiving 10% carbamide peroxide treatment; Whitening 10%+VL, receiving 10% carbamide peroxide treatment combined with LED irradiation; Whitening 22%, receiving 22% carbamide peroxide treatment; and Whitening 22%+VL, receiving 22% carbamide peroxide treatment combined with violet LED irradiation. Color tests were performed before the protocols, after 1 week and after 2 weeks of treatment by using a spectrophotometer and the CIELab parameters: L*, (a*) and (b*). The Whitening 10%, Whitening 10%+VL, Whitening 22% and Whitening 22%+VL groups were submitted to 10% and 22% carbamide peroxide 8 h per day for 14 days, whereas the Control was only stored in artificial saliva. For irradiation in the Control, Whitening 10%+VL, and Whitening 22%+VL groups, we used violet LED at a wavelength of 405-410 nm activated for 60 permanent seconds and 30 sec of pause once per week. As all data exhibited normal distribution, the comparisons were performed by using two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance. A post hoc t-test was employed, followed by the Ryan-Holm stepdown Bonferroni procedure. Results: After 1 week, the Whitening 22%+VL group differed significantly from all other groups in relation to hue, while no difference was found between the remaining groups (p < 0.05). Analyzing lightness, the Whitening 22%+VL and Whiteness10%+VL groups differed from the other groups (p > 0.05). In the 2nd week, the Whitening 22%+VL groups differed significantly from all other groups (p < 0.05) in hue, chroma, and lightness. The comparative analysis of bleaching times within the same group revealed significant differences in the Whitening 22%+VL group between baseline and week 1, baseline and week 2, as well as weeks 1 and 2 in terms of hue (p > 0.05). In the Whitening 22%+VL group, significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between baseline and week 2 as well as between weeks 1 and 2 in chroma (p > 0.05). In the Whitening 22%+VL group, statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between baseline and week 1, baseline and week 2, as well as between weeks 1 and 2 in lightness. In the Whitening 10%+VL group, statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between baseline and week 1, between baseline and week 2, as well as between weeks 1 and 2 in lightness. Conclusions: Tooth whitening treatment involving 10% and 22% carbamide peroxide combined with violet light promoted changes in the three axes of color (ΔH, ΔC, and ΔL) of the specimens evaluated. The use of the gel bleach alone was more efficient when the higher concentration was used. When violet light was combined with the gel, the lower concentration was more efficient.

2.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 35: 102445, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to test the absorbance of a new composition of erythrosine, its pH, cell viability and potential as a photo sensitizer against Candida albicans when irratiaded with blue light emitting-diode (LED). METHODS: For pH and absorbance tests, erythrosine was prepared at a concentration of 0.03/ml. The cells of the L929 strain were cultured and the alamarBlue® assay was performed on samples to assess cell viability. For the microbiological essay, the strain of Candida albicans ATCC 90028 was selected. Yeast suspensions were divided into the following groups: control without irradiation or photosensitizer (C), irradiated group without photosensitizer (L), photosensitizer group without irradiation (0), and groups that received photosensitizer and irradiation, called aPDT groups. RESULTS: Erythrosine had no significant changes in pH and its absorbance was also consistent (≅400 nm). When it came to cell viability, on the first day, the group that was in contact with the dye and irradiated with the LED in minimun power was found to have the higher cell proliferation. On day 3, both irradiated groups (maximum and minimum) showed the highest cell proliferation. In the microbiological essay with C. albicans, aPDT groups started to show microbial reduction after 60 and 90 s of irradiation and when irradiated for 120 s, 6 microbial reduction logs were found. CONCLUSIONS: The erythrosine in question is a PS, with pH stability, blue light absorbance, cell viability and efficacy against C. albicans. More studies with this PS should be encouraged in order to verify its performance in aPDT.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Fotoquimioterapia , Biofilmes , Candida albicans , Eritrosina/farmacologia , Azul de Metileno , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia
3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 35: 102385, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although there is little evidence showing the effectiveness of violet LED on in-office tooth whitening, there are some studies which have reported satisfactory results. This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effect of a violet light emission diode (LED) (405 nm) system, used in-office, on tooth whitening, sensitivity, use of medication after whitening and quality of life. METHODS: Eight patients were randomized into 4 groups (n = 20): G1 - violet LED, G2 - 35% carbamide peroxide (CP) and violet LED, G3 only CP 35% and G4 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). The color was measured using a spectrophotometer at the following times: baseline, 15 and 180days. The colorimetric changes were analyzed using measurements from the CieLab System ΔE (ΔL, Δa and Δb) and the WID (Whiteness Index for Dentistry) for the 4 groups. Tooth sensitivity was recorded via a visual analog scale (VAS). Additionally, the Psychosocial Impact of Dental. Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) was used to evaluate quality of life. RESULTS: For the analysis of ΔL, G4 and G2 presented more brightness than G1 and G3 (p<0.05), implying that G2 is at least as good as G4 (p>0.05). For measure of Δa, G4 presented better results, standing out from the other groups. (p<0.05). For Δb, both G4 and G2 showed a greater tendency for blue color than groups G1 and G3 (p <0.05). When analyzing ∆E at the 180-day follow up, G4 produced the highest ∆E, while G3 showed the lowest ∆E. The other 2 whitening groups produced intermediate ∆E values. For ∆W, G1 and G3 significantly differed from G2 and G3. When analyzing the 180-day follow up, G2 produced the highest ∆W, while G3 showed the lowest ∆W. The other two whitening treatments produced intermediate ∆W values. As for sensitivity, only G4 patients showed dental sensitivity within 24 h of the bleaching, with pain ceasing after 48 h. For G4, 33% of the patients needed to take analgesics within the first 24 h after the first 3 whitening sessions. For PIDAQ, there was no overall decrease in score over time for any of the groups and there was no difference between them (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that violet LED was not able to whiten teeth at the same intensity, when used alone, as it was when associated with 35% CP, contrary to our initial hypothesis. However, given that pain was not consistently reported in G2, one could suggest that treatment with LED + 35% CP is quite similar to that of 35% HP when used for tooth whitening, but with better pain outcomes. All treatments suggested an improvement in quality of life.Clinical Trial Registry: This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; the registration number is NCT03192852 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03192852.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Pediatr Dent ; 43(3): 170-177, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172109

RESUMO

Purpose: To systematically review the literature to compare the bond strength of universal adhesives with etch-and-rinse and self-etch systems to primary teeth. Methods: The search was carried out in PubMed® /MEDLINE, Scopus® , LILACS, Embase® , and Web of Science™ databases with no restrictions. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. Direct comparisons among universal adhesive in etch-and-rinse (UER) and self-etch (USE) modes and etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE) systems were performed considering different substrates (sound enamel and dentin, and carious dentin) through meta-analyses of random effects. A mixed treatment comparisons meta-analysis was also performed comparing the bond strength of all adhesive approaches on sound dentin. Results: From 3,276 potentially eligible studies, 18 were selected for full-text analysis, and eight were included in the systematic review. All studies included in the meta-analyses evaluated a mild universal adhesive (Scotchbond™ Universal). In direct comparisons, there was no difference between USE and SE to sound enamel (mean difference [MD] equals 5.22; 95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals -9.09 to 19.52). In carious dentin, the results favored only ER over USE (MD equals -3.88; 95% CI equals -7.40 to -0.37). In sound dentin, the bond strength values of UER were higher than ER (MD equals 5.50; 95% CI equals 4.03 to 6.96). The rank probability showed that the best treatment on sound dentin was UER. Conclusion: Pooled in vitro data suggest that a mild universal adhesive system can substitute the etch-and-rinse and self-etch systems for restoring primary teeth.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metanálise em Rede , Cimentos de Resina , Dente Decíduo
5.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0247096, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Halitosis is a term that defines any foul odor emanating from the oral cavity. The origin may be local or systemic. The aim of the proposed protocol is to determine whether treatment with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) and treatment with probiotics are effective at eliminating halitosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight patients, from 18 to 25 years old with a diagnosis of halitosis (H2S≥112 ppb, determined by gas chromatography) will be randomly allocated to four groups (n = 22) that will receive different treatments: Group 1 -treatment with teeth brushing, dental floss and tongue scraper; Group 2 -brushing, dental floss and aPDT; Group 3 -brushing, dental floss and probiotics; Group 4 -brushing, flossing, aPDT and probiotics. The results of the halimetry will be compared before, immediately after, seven days and thirty days after treatment. The microbiological analysis of the coated tongue will be performed at these same times. The normality of the data will be determined using the Shapiro-Wilk test. Data with normal distribution will be analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Non-parametric data will be analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The Wilcoxon test will be used to analyze the results of each treatment at the different evaluation periods. CLINICAL TRAIL REGISTRATION: NCT03996044.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Halitose/terapia , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico
6.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33987732

RESUMO

To determine the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) using a red light-emitting diode (LED) on the reduction of halitosis and microbiological levels in the tongue coating immediately after irradiation, 7, 14, and 30 days after treatment. Forty-five young adults diagnosed with halitosis were allocated to three groups: G1, aPDT with 0.005% methylene blue and red LED (660 nm, four irradiation points, 90 s per point, power of 400 mW, 36 J per point, radiant exposure of 95 J/cm2, continuous wave); G2, tongue scraping; and G3, tongue scraping and aPDT. Gas chromatography was performed before and immediately after treatment, as well as at the different follow-up times. Microbiological samples were collected at the same times from the dorsum of the tongue, and bacteria were quantified in the samples using real-time PCRq. The Wilcoxon test was used for the intragroup analyses, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the intergroup analyses. In the intragroup analyses, differences were found before and immediately after treatment in all groups (p < 0.05). The effect was maintained after 7 days only in the tongue scraping group (p < 0.05). In the intergroup analysis, no statistically significant differences were found among the groups (p > 0.05). For the microbiological analyses, no statistically significant differences were found in the groups/bacteria that were analyzed (p > 0.05). aPDT using a red LED and 0.005% methylene blue caused an immediate reduction in halitosis, but the effect was not maintained after 7, 14, or 30 days. No reduction occurred in the number of bacteria investigated or the quantification of universal 16S rRNA. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03656419.

7.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(6): 381-385, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029114

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the microhardness of demineralized enamel following different treatments (fluoride varnish, Er:YAG laser, and Er:YAG laser associated with fluoride varnish). Methods: Forty-eight enamel blocks (4 × 4 × 7 mm) were divided into six groups (n = 8): (S) Sound; (DE) Demineralized; (DED) DE + Duraphat® 5% (fluoride varnish); (DEL20) DE + Er:YAG laser (20 mJ pulse mode; 0.20 W; 10 Hz; 60 sec; 1.18 J/cm2; 11.83 W/cm2); (DEL50) DE + Er:YAG laser (50 mJ pulse mode; 0.50 W; 10 Hz; 60 sec; 2.95 J/cm2; 29.58 W/cm2); (DEL20D) DE + Er:YAG laser (20 mJ) + Duraphat 5%. The irradiation was performed at 1 mm distance from the surface using a tip (AS7066X, L-14 mm, D-1.3 mm in diameter) in water/air spray refrigeration (level 6). The enamel blocks were submitted to pH cycling (4 h into DES solution +20 h into RE solution for 8 days and the solutions were changed every day). Knoop microhardness was measured (50 g/15 sec, six readings per sample) and data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test at 5% significance. Results: After treatments, DF group showed higher microhardness values than all the groups. Also, DEL20D group showed similar results with H group according to the microhardness analysis (p < 0.05). Conclusions: It could be concluded that Duraphat 5% treatment showed better results when compared with all tested groups, however, the association of Er:YAG Laser 20 with Duraphat 5% also showed promising results.

8.
Lasers Med Sci ; 36(6): 1209-1217, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745088

RESUMO

This randomized placebo-controlled trial evaluates the impact of photobiomodulation (PBMT) on the salivary flow and biochemistry of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis. Forty-four patients on hemodialysis self-responded two questionnaires for oral health and salivary gland function perception. The subjects were evaluated for function of salivary glands and randomly allocated to two groups: PBMT group (three irradiations at 808 nm, 100 mW, 142 J/cm2, and 4 J per site); and placebo group. Patients were submitted to non-stimulated and stimulated sialometry and after the treatment at baseline and 14 days. Salivary volume and biochemical of the saliva were analyzed. At baseline, most subjects had self-perception of poor oral health (52.6%) and salivary dysfunction (63.1%). Clinical exam revealed that 47.3% of subjects presented dry mucosa. PBMT promoted increase of the non-stimulated (p = 0.027) and stimulated saliva (p = 0.014) and decrease of urea levels in both non-stimulated (p = 0.0001) and stimulated saliva (p = 0.0001). No alteration was detected in total proteins and calcium analysis. Patients with kidney disease can present alteration in flow, concentrations, and composition of saliva, affecting oral health, but our findings suggest that PBMT is effective to improve hyposalivation and urea levels in saliva of patients with CKD.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Glândulas Salivares/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Glândulas Salivares/fisiopatologia
9.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(4): 265-271, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760671

RESUMO

Background: Pain during labor can be a barrier when choosing vaginal delivery. In an attempt to relief pain during labor, several pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods are proposed. Objective: To assess the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) photobiomodulation on analgesia during labor. Methods: A clinical trial was conducted with 29 women who were divided into two groups: G1 (experimental group-LED) and G2 (control group-hot shower). In the experimental group, an LED plate with red and infrared merged [red 660 ± 20 nm, 5 mW/cm2, 3 J per LED (108 J) and infrared 850 ± 20 nm, 5 mW/cm2, 3 J per LED (108 J), total energy = 216 J] was placed on the subjects' dorsal region, at the level of T10 to S4, for 10 min, with the plate automatically turning off. Hot shower at controlled temperature was offered for 30 min. To verify the effect of LED on analgesia during labor, the following variables were assessed: (1) perception of pain, (2) fetal well-being assessed by cardiotocography or intermittent auscultation of fetal heart rate, (3) Apgar score at minutes 1 and 5 after birth, and (4) labor duration. Results: There was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) in pain reduction evidenced by a millimetric visual scale, before and after application on G1-LED (7.92 ± 1.78). Regarding the other variables, there was no statistical difference between the groups when comparing fetal well-being, Apgar score and labor duration. Conclusions: It is concluded that LED can be considered an alternative, since it caused pain reduction without changing other parameters during labor, compared with hot shower, a method included in hospital protocols, proving to be safe. Clinical Trial Registration number: NCT03496857.

10.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e044653, 2021 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692185

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is defined as high sensitivity of the vital dentin when exposed to thermal, chemical or tactile stimuli. Two mechanisms are required for the occurrence of DH: (1) the dentin must be exposed and (2) the dentinal tubules must be open and connected to the pulp. Molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a qualitative abnormality of a genetic origin that affects tooth enamel and, in most cases, is accompanied by DH. The control of tooth sensitivity is fundamental to the successful treatment of MIH. The aim of the proposed randomised, controlled, clinical trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of different protocols for the control of DH in patients with teeth affected by MIH. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: One hundred and forty patients who meet the inclusion criteria will be allocated to four groups. Group 1 will be the control group (placebo). In Group 2, sensitive teeth will be sealed with PermaSeal (Ultradent). In Group 3, sensitive teeth will receive low-level laser (LLL, AsGaAl) at a wavelength of 780 nm (Laser XT Therapy, DMC, São Carlos, Brazil). In Group 4, sensitive teeth will be treated with both LLL and PermaSeal (Ultradent). DH will be evaluated 15 min after the application of the treatments and the patients will be reevaluated 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after the treatments. The primary outcome of this study is change in pain/sensitivity, when evaluated through a Visual Analogue Scale, to determine the effectiveness of the proposed treatments, as well as differences among the evaluation times for each proposed treatment. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol has been ethically approved by the local medical ethical committee (protocol number: 4.020.261). Results will be submitted to international peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04407702.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Brasil , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Humanos , Incisivo , Dente Molar , Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
J Biophotonics ; 14(6): e202000487, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638279

RESUMO

This study evaluated the optical absorbance spectrum of human monocytes, neutrophils and lymphocytes polarized, or not, to the inflammatory or immunoregulatory phenotypes. Peripheral human blood leukocytes were isolated and polarized (10 ng/mL) with LPS or IL-4 + LPS for 2 hours. After polarization, cells were washed and incubated for an additional 24 hours (monocytes and lymphocytes) or 12 hours (neutrophils). Next, cells were collected to evaluate the optical absorbance spectrum. The three types of leukocytes exhibited absorbance in the region from 450 to 900 nm, with greater absorbance at wavelengths lower than 570 nm. Lymphocytes had a second region of greater absorbance between 770 and 900 nm. Inflammatory monocytes and lymphocytes showed increased absorbance of blue, green and yellow wavelengths (monocytes), as well as red and infrared wavelengths (monocytes and lymphocytes). Immunoregulatory polarization altered the absorbance of monocytes and lymphocytes very little. Neutrophils treated with LPS or LPS + IL-4 exhibited lower absorbance at wavelengths higher than 575 nm compared to untreated cells. The present findings showed that leukocytes exhibit greater absorbance in regions of the spectrum that have not been much used in photobiomodulation (PBM), and the polarization of these cells can affect their capacity to absorb light. Taken together, these results suggest new perspectives in the use of PBM in the clinical setting depending on the wavelengths and the stage of the inflammatory process.


Assuntos
Leucócitos , Monócitos , Humanos , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Fenótipo
13.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 34: 102216, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluorescence appears clearly in oral biofilm in red tones, showing the presence of microorganisms in regions where there is biofilm accumulation. This study aims to evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of the diagnosis of oral biofilm with the optical fluorescence technique using the EVINCE (Evidenciador Clínico - MMOptics, São Carlos, SP, Brazil) equipment. Furthermore, to compare the efficacy of the optical fluorescence diagnostic method with the traditional method of clinical disclosure of Fuchsin-based dye biofilm and to observe their combined use. METHODS: Sixteen children, aged between 7 and 12, were included in this case series, following the Oral Hygiene Index - Simplificated (OHI-S) evaluation. They were evaluated by 3 different professionals. The 1 st evaluator checked the OHI-S observing only with EVINCE. In the second stage, a 2nd evaluator performed the traditional disclosure technique with Fucsina, and finally a 3rd evaluator who observed with EVINCE the teeth previously stained in stage 2, combining the two methods. Descriptive analysis of the variables was performed and comparative tests of repeated measures to evaluate differences between the results of the three evaluation methodologies. RESULTS: There is no significant difference between the observation made only with EVINCE and with the traditional methodology of plaque disclosure. However, there is a difference when the two techniques are used in the third evaluation moment, showing that the combination could provide better results. CONCLUSIONS: The association of both the conventional method and the use of EVINCE showed a very satisfactory result for the diagnosis of the presence of biofilm.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Biofilmes , Brasil , Criança , Fluorescência , Humanos , Dente Molar , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes
14.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 17(5): 949-956, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432920

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim was to identify predictive factors for sleep bruxism (SB) severity among polysomnographic parameters, salivary cortisol levels, temporomandibular disorders, age, and sex. METHODS: Young adults (19-30 years) were screened for self-/roommate reports of teeth grinding/clenching during sleep associated with clinical signs of tooth wear. Individuals positive for both conditions were administered a polysomnographic exam to provide a definite diagnosis of SB (n = 28). Healthy participants without SB signs/symptoms were also included (n = 15). The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders was applied to determine functional, muscular, and articular domains of the Temporomandibular Index. Cortisol awakening levels were measured in saliva. Principal component analysis was used to extract the latent components emerging from polysomnographic results, and 2 regression models were adjusted to predict the number and duration of bruxism episodes. RESULTS: Principal component analysis resulted in 4 components-C1: %N1, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, arousals/microarousals; C2: %N2, %N3; C3: periodic limb movements and apneas; C4: %REM and REM latency. The number of SB episodes/h was predicted by increasing muscular scores and C2 (decrease in %N2 and increase in %N3) (adjusted R² = 45%; P =.001). The total time of SB episodes was predicted by decreased articular and increased functional scores, age, and female sex (adjusted R² = 36%; P = 0.010). Salivary cortisol levels were not associated with SB severity and did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The findings showed that SB severity was predicted by muscular and functional scores, female sex, and distinct polysomnographic patterns, contributing to the deeper knowledge of the underlying pathophysiology of SB severity; additionally, the findings can help to formulate health approaches that are specific to the patient and will better assist in treating this condition.


Assuntos
Bruxismo do Sono , Feminino , Humanos , Polissonografia , Análise de Componente Principal , Saliva , Sono , Adulto Jovem
15.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 33: 102191, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The photokilling rate in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (a-PDT) is highly related to interaction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced, ability of photosensitizers (PS) in incorporating into microorgansims and light devices/microorganism type. Since xanthene dyes (Rose Bengal and Erythrosine) are present in the dental practice as PS, have high quantum yield of singlet oxygen and are efficiently incorporated into bacterial cells, the additive bactericidal ability of a combination of xanthene dyes was tested on planktonic cultures and biofilms of Streptococcus mutans when irradiated by a hand-held LED photopolymerizer unit. METHODS: Planktonic cultures of S. mutans (UA 159 ATCC 700610) were grown in BHI broth with 1 % sucrose. This culture was exposed to a concentrations of Rose Bengal (RB) and Erythrosine (ER) at 1.5, 3.5 µM, in combination (RB + ER + L+) / alone (RB + L+/ ER + L+) and irradiated with a blue LED high light intensity (L). Accordingly, concentrations of dyes and time irradiation were increased in 10 times and applied on 120 h - biofilms of S. mutans and compared with a 0.12 % Chlorhexidine solution (0.12 % - CHX). For statistical analysis, parametrical procedures were applied (n = 6; ANOVA test and Tukey post hoc test; α = 0.05) and data transformed into log 10. RESULTS: Substantial antimicrobial reduction was verified in planktonic cultures (∼ 7 log reduction) and biofilm (∼ 1 log reduction) for combined a-PDT group (RB + ER + L+) presenting a significant statistical difference to control group (p < 0.05) with similar effect to CHX group (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Different forms of S. mutans can be effectively controlled by photodynamic therapy and optimized when in combination of xanthene dyes.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Streptococcus mutans , Biofilmes , Corantes , Eritrosina/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia
16.
Photochem Photobiol ; 97(1): 198-204, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777098

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the comparative effects of red (660-nm) and near-infrared (780-nm) low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on viability, mitochondrial activity, morphology and gene expression of growth factors on Schwann cells (SC). ST88-14 cells were grown in RPMI 1640 with 10 mM of HEPES, 2 mM of glutamine, 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% antibiotic-antimycotic solution at 37°C in humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 . Cells were detached with trypsin and centrifugated at 231 g for 5 min at 10°C, and the pellet (8 × 104  cells/tube) was irradiated at the bottom of 50 ml polypropylene tube with a Twin-Laser system (660 and 780 nm, 40 mW, 1 mW cm-2 , 3.2 and 6.4 J, 80 and 160 J cm-2 with 80 and 160 s). After 1, 3 and 7 days, the analysis was performed. After irradiation, the SC increase mitochondrial activity, gene expression of the neural growth factors NGF and BDNF, and cell migration and increase the G2/M cells. SC showed neuronal morphology, normal F-actin cytoskeleton organization and positive labeling for S100. PBM increased metabolic activity, mitosis and gene expression when irradiated with red and infrared LLLT. An increase in cell migration was obtained when irradiated with infrared LLLT.

17.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(1): 23-29, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990504

RESUMO

Background: The diagnosis of sleep bruxism (SB) in children is difficult due to the lack of a polysomnographic protocol for this population. Moreover, the gold standard treatment [occlusal splint (OS) therapy] has limitations, as adequate use depends on the child's cooperation. The etiology of SB may include stress factors. Salivary cortisol is a biomarker used as a noninvasive method to evaluate the response to stress. Besides physiological aspects, it is also important to investigate morphological aspects, such as masticatory muscle strength. The aim of the present study was to determine the occurrence of bite marks on the buccal mucosa in children as a complementary sign for the diagnosis of SB and investigate and the effectiveness of photobiomodulation as an alternative treatment for this condition. Methods: Seventy-six children 6-12 years of age were divided into four groups: G1-with SB and submitted to laser therapy over acupuncture points (λ = 786.94 nm, 20 sec per point, fluency = 33.5 Jcm2, energy = 1 J, number of points = 12); G2-with SB, use of OS, G3-with SB and submitted to sham laser therapy; and G4-control group without SB. Clinical signs (bite marks on buccal mucosa and headaches), bite force (BF), and salivary cortisol (biomarker of stress) were evaluated before and after treatment. Statistical analysis involved the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Shapiro-Wilk, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests. Results: Bite marks on the buccal mucosa were significantly associated with SB (p < 0.001). A statistically significant difference was found between the frequency of children with headache before and after treatment in G1 (p = 0.0005) and G2 (p = 0.0001), with no significant differences between the two groups (G1 and G2). The children in G1 had lower BF on both sides compared to the other groups. In the intragroup analysis after treatment, all groups exhibited an increase in salivary cortisol levels. Conclusions: Bite marks on the buccal mucosa can be used as a complementary sign for the clinical diagnosis of SB. Children with SB responded well to photobiomodulation therapy, as evidenced by the reduction in BF and reports of headache.

18.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 33: 102057, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) can reduce halitosis immediately after application, it returns after a week. This probably occurs because bacteria residing in the oral cavity may recolonize the dorsum of the tongue. OBJECTIVE: Verify if modification of oral hygiene behavior associated with aPDT or lingual scraper can reduce halitosis after a 90-day follow-up. METHODS: Forty adults with positive halitosis were randomized in G1 (n = 20) -aPDT + oral hygiene behavior (OHB) or G2 (n = 20)- lingual scraper + OHB. G1 group were submitted to 0.005 % methylene blue in the middle and posterior third of the tongue, with pre-irradiation of 1 min. Irradiations were performed with red laser diode (λ =660 nm), 100 mW, 318 J/cm2, 3537 mW/cm2, 9 J per point at 6 points. In the G2 group, the tongue was scraped 10 times on the right side and on the left side with a tongue scraper. All patients were instructed on OHB at baseline, 7 and 90 days (guidance on the use of dental floss and the Bass technique for brushing). Halitosis was evaluated by gas chromatography (OralChroma®). Values ​​> 112 ppb for Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas was considered positive halitosis. Methylmercaptanes and dimethylsulfide were also measured. The gas measures were assessed at baseline, immediately, and at 7 and 90 days. Paired t-test was used for the statistical analysis. For comparison between groups, the t-test was used. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: There was no difference between groups immediately after treatment (p = .1532) after 7 days (p = 0.9312) and 90 days (p = 0.6642). For the aPDT group, there was a decrease in hydrogen sulfide ​​immediately after treatment (p = 0.0001), after 7 days, values remained 3-fold smaller (p = 0.0088) and 2-fold smaller after 90 days (p = 0.0270). For the scraper group, there was a decrease immediately after treatment (p = 0.0001), the values remains 2-fold smaller ​​(p = 0.0003) after 7 days and 3 months (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The oral hygiene behavior associated with aPDT or tongue scraper was not able to reduce halitosis after 90-day follow-up. Despite halitosis remaining ​​ higher than 112 ppb in all follow-up periods, the mean values remain 2 or 3 fold smaller than baseline values. Future studies should include other oral hygiene behavior to achieve better results in the treatment of halitosis.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Halitose , Fotoquimioterapia , Adulto , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Língua
19.
Lasers Med Sci ; 36(4): 715-722, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219445

RESUMO

Trigeminal neuralgia is a recurrent episode of facial pain, that may be associated with other conditions such as multiple sclerosis, neoplasms, and nerve compromises or may occur due to an unknown cause. The available treatments are pharmacotherapy or surgery; however, both are susceptible to develop side effects. Photobiomodulation could be a promising alternative therapy for trigeminal neuralgia. A systematic review of literature was carried out using the PRISMA protocol, in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Risk of bias by ROB 2.0 protocol was performed in included studies. Initially, 20 identified articles were collected varying between the years of 1983-2018, from which 6 were included. A total of 193 patients were evaluated; photobiomodulation was compared to conventional therapies, TENS, and therapy combinations with pharmacotherapy. The overall risk of bias was low, with some concerns in the randomization and double-blinding process; moreover, there are few reports in the literature. Photobiomodulation appears to be as effective as conventional therapies, being a coadjutant therapeutic opportunity for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/radioterapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(1): 30-37, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332202

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) on cell viability, synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), and interleukin (IL)-6 inflammatory cytokine production in myoblasts cultured in the presence of lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). Methods: C2C12 myoblasts were treated with LPS and PBM using different parameters (wavelength: 780 nm; beam spot: 0.04 cm2; power output: 10 or 40 mW; energy density: 5 or 20 J/cm2; and 20-sec exposure time). Nonirradiated cells were used to the control group. Results: An increase in cell viability was found in both LPS groups in comparison with the control. PBM with the higher power output (40 mW) induced a reduction in cell viability. PBM also modulated the synthesis of NO in the myoblasts, but did not alter the expression of IL-6. Conclusions: Based on these findings, PBM is capable of modulating the cell viability and the production of NO in LPS-treated myoblasts and it is, therefore, a possible tool for the treatment of muscle injury caused by infection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...