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2.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2313-2319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) are the most common neoplasms worldwide and their incidence has been proven to increase in recent years and their treatment should aim at cancer cure as well as cosmetic and functional results. The aim of the study was to report the results of our mono-institutional series of high-dose-rate radiotherapy (cHDR-RT) in NMSC, based on a homogenous technique and two different treatment schedules. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients affected by NMSC who were consecutively evaluated and treated at our Interventional Oncology Center from October 2018 to August 2020, were included. Patients underwent cHDR-RT using flap applicators and remotely afterloaded Ir-192 sources. RESULTS: Overall, 51 patients were treated for a total of 67 lesions. Local control (LC) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were 94.0% and 100%, respectively. Grade 1, grade 2, grade 3 and grade 4 acute toxicity rates were 24.6%, 3.5%, 3.5%, and 0.0%, respectively. The cosmetic results were graded as excellent/good, fair, and poor in 73.7%, 19.3%, and 7.0%. CONCLUSION: cHDR-RT of NMSC is an effective alternative to surgery due to excellent outcomes both in terms of local control and aesthetic results especially in the face.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Estética , Humanos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Neoplasias Cutâneas/radioterapia
4.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 147: 110799, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: allergy may be an important risk factor for adenotonsillar disease in children, although conflicting results have been reported in the literature. In previous articles, authors often failed in distinguishing between adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis and in not discriminating between isolated or combined adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy. AIM: to evaluate clinical evidence and biomarkers linking allergy to different phenotypes of adeno-tonsillar disease. Furthermore, we questioned whether anti-allergy treatment might prevent occurrence of adeno-tonsillar disease or improve its specific management. METHODS: our systematic review, in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) process, yielded 1010 articles finally screened. This resulted in 21 full texts that were included in a qualitative analysis. RESULTS: literature data support the association between allergy and combined adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy and isolated adenoid hypertrophy, whereas describe a mainly negative correlation between allergy and isolated tonsillar hypertrophy. The results of this review suggest that local allergic inflammation may play a role in adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy. Data correlating bacterial recurrent tonsillitis and allergy are few, although evidence from the lab revealed that allergy might suppress innate immunity in tonsillar tissue by reducing levels of anti-microbial proteins. CONCLUSION: basing on our qualitative analyses allergy should not be misdiagnosed in children with combined adenotonsillar hypertrophy or isolated adenoid hypertrophy, whereas evidence do not support a link between allergy and isolated tonsil hypertrophy. Finally, some data support a link between allergy and recurrent adeno-tonsillar infection although future studies are required to confirm this data. We summarized our conclusions in a practical algorithm.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Biomarcadores , Criança , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/complicações , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia , Tonsila Palatina , Tonsilite/complicações , Tonsilite/diagnóstico , Tonsilite/terapia
5.
Head Neck ; 43(8): 2560-2563, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942927

RESUMO

In the Video S1, a modified technique for submandibular gland resection in benign disease is shown. The main plane of dissection is below the fascia and immediately superficial to the fibrous capsule of the gland. The video shows the surgical steps and the structures that become evident along the procedure and illustrates some tips and tricks. Facial vessels are dissected, easily spared, and not ligated as it occurs in the classical technique. This technical variant is minimally invasive, respectful of anatomy, and through preservation of the fascial layer investing the gland aims at reducing the risk of injury to the marginalis mandibulae branch of the facial nerve, which lies within the fascia itself.


Assuntos
Dissecação , Glândula Submandibular , Nervo Facial , Humanos , Glândula Submandibular/cirurgia
6.
J Vestib Res ; 31(5): 381-387, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: since the beginning of COVID-19 outbreak a growing number of symptoms and deficits associated with the new pathology have emerged, among them cochlear damage in otherwise asymptomatic COVID-19 patients has been described. OBJECTIVE: to investigate general and audiovestibular symptoms and sequelae in healed patients, and to seek for any sign of residual or permanent hearing or vestibular loss. METHODS: we reviewed the data coming from 48 Covid-19 patients whose nasopharyngeal swabs have turned negative, all employed at our facility, that opted in for a free screening of audiovestibular symptoms offered by our hospital after the aforementioned report was published. The screening included a tonal pure tone audiometry, a vHIT and SHIMP test, as well as a survey including known symptoms and audiovestibular symptoms. RESULTS: general symptoms as reported by our patients largely reflect what reported by others in the literature. 4 (8.3%) patients reported hearing loss, 2 (4.2%) tinnitus, 4 dizziness (8.3%), 1 spinning vertigo (2%), 1 dynamic imbalance (2%), 3 static imbalance (6.3%). Most audiovestibular symptoms have regressed. Thresholds at pure tone audiometry and vHIT gain were within normality range in all post-Covid-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: even if some patients suffer from audiovestibular symptoms, these are mostly transitory and there is no clear evidence of clinically relevant persistent cochlear or vestibular damage after recovery.

7.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 165(3): 446-454, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Periprosthetic leakage represents the most demanding long-term complication in the voice prosthesis rehabilitation. The aim of this article is to discuss the various causes of periprosthetic leakage and to propose a systematic management algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Otolaryngology clinic of the University Polyclinic A. Gemelli-IRCCS Foundation. METHODS: The study included 115 patients with voice prosthesis who were treated from December 2014 to December 2019. All patients who experienced periprosthetic leakage were treated with the same step-by-step therapeutic approach until it was successful. Incidence, management, and success rate of every attempt are analyzed and discussed. RESULTS: Periprosthetic leakage was reported 330 times by 82 patients in 1374 clinic accesses. Radiotherapy, timing of tracheoesophageal puncture, and type of total laryngectomy (primary or salvage) did not influence the incidence of periprosthetic leakage. Salvage total laryngectomy increases the risk of more clinically relevant leakages. CONCLUSION: By using a systematic algorithm with a step-by-step standardized approach, periprosthetic leakage management could become a less treacherous issue.

8.
Cytopathology ; 32(4): 407-415, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a well-established diagnostic procedure for head and neck masses not clearly originating from mucosal or cutaneous surfaces. We analysed head and neck masses evaluated over a 2-year period, to assess the reliability of FNAC for the evaluation of malignancy. METHODS: We enrolled all patients undergoing FNAC, from April 2013 to July 2015, in a single service of a large Italian university hospital. Relevant clinical data and ultrasonographic parameters of the lesions were recorded. We performed both conventional and thin-prep smears. Clinical presentation, ultrasonographic features and final cytology diagnoses were analysed and correlated with histology. RESULTS: The series included 301 lesions in 285 patients, with a single (94.4%) or two (5.6%) lesions. Only eight samples were considered non-diagnostic/inadequate (2.6%). Among the cases, 139 FNAC (46.1%) underwent surgery. Cytological-histological correspondence was found in 89% of the cases. Concerning malignancy, we documented less than 4% false positives and less than 2.5% false negatives, with 92.7% sensitivity and 94.6% specificity. CONCLUSION: FNAC diagnosis can be highly specific. Most importantly, it is highly reliable in assessing malignancy, thus defining the priority and guiding the management procedures.

9.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 164(2): 277-284, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746738

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe a remote approach used with patients with voice prosthesis after laryngectomy during the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting clinical outcomes in terms of voice prosthesis complications management, oncological monitoring, and psychophysical well-being. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Otolaryngology Clinic of the University Polyclinic A. Gemelli, IRCCS Foundation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients with voice prosthesis who underwent laryngectomy followed by our institute were offered enrollment. Patients who agreed to participate were interviewed to inquire about the nature of the need and to plan a video call with the appropriate clinician. Before and 1 week after the clinician's call, patients were tested with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Degrees of satisfaction were investigated with a visual analog scale. A comparison between those who accepted and refused telematic support was carried out to identify factors that influence patient interest in teleservice. RESULTS: Video call service allowed us to reach 37 (50.68%) of 73 patients. In 23 (62.16%) of 37 cases, the video call was sufficient to manage the problem. In the remaining 14 cases (37.83%), an outpatient visit was necessary. Participants who refused telematic support had a significantly shorter time interval from the last ear, nose, and throat visit than patients who accepted (57.95 vs 96.14 days, P = .03). Video-called patients showed significantly decreased levels of anxiety and depression (mean Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale total score pre- vs post-video call: 13.97 vs. 10.23, P < .0001) and reported high levels of satisfaction about the service. CONCLUSION: Remote approach may be a viable support in the management of patients with voice prosthesis rehabilitation.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringectomia/reabilitação , Laringe Artificial/efeitos adversos , Telemedicina , Triagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/psicologia , Laringectomia/efeitos adversos , Laringectomia/psicologia , Laringe Artificial/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Treinamento da Voz
10.
Head Neck ; 43(3): 949-955, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The classic symptoms of Frey syndrome are gustatory sweating and flushing. Aims of the study were to describe prevalenceand severity of typical and atypical presentations of the disorder and to assess the effects of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) therapy in patients with Frey syndrome after parotidectomy. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study on 18 patients, we assessed symptom severity before therapy, after 15 days, 1, 3 and 6 months' follow-up with the sweating-flushing-itch-paresthesia-pain (SFIPP) Frey scale specifically designed by the authors themselves for this study. RESULTS: Before BoNT-A injection, all patients (100%) complained gustatory sweating, 80% paresthesia, 77% gustatory flushing, 60% pain and 60% gustatory itch. The SFIPP-Frey overall score and the symptom-specific ones decreased significantly at each post-therapy control. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of "unusual" manifestations is not negligible. BoNT-A improves symptoms severity. The SFIPP-Frey scale may be useful to assess symptoms and to monitor post-therapy outcomes.

11.
Brachytherapy ; 20(1): 178-184, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041229

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Surgery, external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), and interventional radiotherapy (IRT, BrachyTherapy BT) are the current therapeutic options for nose vestibule (NV) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this article, we evaluate the nose functional parameters of patients affected by SCCs of the NV, primarily treated by interstitial IRT comparing them with healthy controls and with patients treated with intensity-modulated EBRT. METHODS: Ten patients treated by using IRT (group 1), 10 healthy controls and eight patients treated by EBRT (group 2) on the region of the nose were submitted to clinical evaluation (with the NOSE scale score), rhinomanometry, olfactory testing, nasal citology, and evaluation of mucociliary clearance through saccharine test. RESULTS: No long-term skin or cartilaginous toxicity are recorded. The olfactometry threshold discrimination identification TDI is lower in EB group. The mean NOSE scale score was significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1 and healthy controls (p < 0.05). The distribution of cytologic patterns resulted significantly different as well. Patients treated by EB have a significantly impaired mucociliary clearance, with a mean time for the transport of the stained marker, which is more than double in the patients treated by EB than in those treated with IRT (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Nasal function and cytological findings are significantly better, substantially preserved, in patients treated by IRT than in those treated by EBRT, bringing new relevant evidence for the establishment of interstitial IRT as the new standard for the treatment of the primary lesion in cT1 and cT2 -Wang staging NV SCCs.

12.
Infection ; 49(5): 1055-1060, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331988

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection might induce a significant and sustained lymphopenia, increasing the risk of developing opportunistic infections. Mucormycosis is a rare but severe invasive fungal infection, mainly described in immunocompromised patients. The first case of a patient diagnosed with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) who developed a pulmonary mucormycosis with extensive cavitary lesions is here reported. This case highlights how this new coronavirus might impair the immune response, exposing patients to higher risk of developing opportunistic infections and leading to worse outcomes.

13.
J Vestib Res ; 30(6): 375-382, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) has a reported recurrence ranging from 26.8 to 50%. Osteoporosis and Vitamin D deficiency seems to have an impact on recurrence of BPPV. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of osteoporosis and Vitamin D deficiency on recurrence of BPPV. METHODS: 73 consecutive patients were divided in two groups according to the presence (group 1) or absence (group 0) of a recurrent episode. BMD, femoral and lumbar T-scores and Vitamin D levels were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed to investigate correlations. RESULTS: patients in group 1 had statistically significant lower values of both femoral (-1,62±1,06 vs. -0,53±1,51; p = 0,001), lumbar T-score (-2,10±1,19 vs -0, 53±1.51, p = 0.001) and Vitamin D (19.53±15.33). The values of femoral T-score and Vitamin D could be combined in a model able to properly classify 65.8% of the cases (p = 0.002) as isolated or recurrent BPPV, with high accuracy (AUC 0.710 [0.590 -0.830]). CONCLUSION: present data show a probable correlation between osteoporosis and Vitamin D with recurrent BPPV.

14.
J Contemp Brachytherapy ; 12(5): 413-419, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299429

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this paper was to evaluate treatment outcomes following interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy - BT) for nasal vestibule cancer. Material and methods: Considering histological diagnosis and staging, a multidisciplinary tumor board indicated an exclusive interventional radiotherapy for all patients. Plastic tubes were placed mainly with interstitial approach. The total dose was 44 Gy in 14 fractions, 3 Gy/fraction (except for the first and last fractions, 4 Gy), 2 fractions per day (b.i.d.), 5 days a week. Inclusion criteria for this analysis were: patients affected by squamous cell carcinoma with follow-up more than 6 months. Results: 20 patients with primary nasal vestibule cancer were treated with IRT from May 2012 to June 2019. We excluded 4 patients due to follow-up less than 6 months and 2 patients affected by basal cell carcinoma. In total, 14 consecutive previously untreated patients were considered for definitive analysis, median age was 67.5 (range, 51-83) years, median follow-up was 53 (range, 6-84) months. All patients followed the protocol except one, who received a total dose of 42 Gy in 12 fractions, 3 Gy per 6 fractions, and 4 Gy per 6 fractions. Local control at 12, 24, and 36 months was 85.7%. Overall survival at 12 months was 92.3%, at 24 months was 76.9%, and at 36 months was 69.2%. Staging system proposed by Wang was statistically significant on local control (LC), disease-free survival (DFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS). Excellent cosmetic results were observed. Conclusions: This study confirms that interventional radiotherapy could be considered as a definitive treatment in nasal vestibule cancer with excellent oncological and cosmetic outcomes.

16.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 138: 110270, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the efficiency of our hearing screening program, prior to hospital discharge, together with the consistency of our teamwork including first year residents by assessing a learning curve for the operators involved. METHODS: We evaluated all the data collected during the first stage of the screening program of all non-NICU neonates from March 2009 to July 2013, analyzing by means of a linear regression model, the monthly referral rate for the whole period of activity of each group of residents. RESULTS: performances of each group of screeners were statistically different (chi square test p < 0.005). The nptrend test showed that group 2 (p = 0.01) and group 4 (p = 0.01) reached a statistical significance in higher and lower referral rates respectively. No statistical differences were found in other groups (Group 1 p = 0.161; Group 3 p = 0.853). CONCLUSION: Despite a statistically significant difference in the performances between the groups of residents, the referral rates for each group (range 6.18%-9.29%) and the overall referral rate for the whole period (7.84%) agree with the values commonly reported for TEOAEs in the literature. It means that our screening program is reasonably effective despite a yearly turnover of operators.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Curva de Aprendizado , Triagem Neonatal/normas , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Triagem Neonatal/organização & administração , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 14(5): 527-531, 2020 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525840

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aims at defining through a retrospective evaluation, the clinical parameters affecting the clinical course and consequently the management of patients presenting with cervicofacial abscesses. METHODOLOGY: A total of 394 patients diagnosed with abscess at the University of Sassari Otorhinolaryngology Division between 2009 and 2017 were included; among these, eleven patients were diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis. Personal and clinical parameters including the LRINEC score and the medical and/or surgical treatment used were analyzed for each patient. The most frequently affected site was the peritonsillar space (76.9%), followed by the parapharyngeal space. RESULTS: Mean age was 41(±17) years, the male population was slightly overrepresented (68%). An average of 6 (±7) days of hospitalization duration was recorded. The mortality rate was confirmed to be relatively low (1/349 patients) and was reported only in one patient diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis (1/11). CONCLUSION: Diagnosis, correct clinical definition and early medical-surgical treatment of neck abscesses were crucial to reduce complications; LRNEC score, C-reactive protein, glycemia and creatininemia proved to be reliable prognostic indicators of difficult patient management and risk of complications.

18.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 41(5): 102551, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487335

RESUMO

RT-PCR detection of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA on nasopharyngeal swab is the standard for diagnosing active Covid-19 disease in asymptomatic subjects and in symptomatic patients without the typical radiological findings. Nasopharyngeal swabbing appears a trivial procedure, still an inappropriate nasopharyngeal sampling, performed by untrained operators, can be a relevant cause of false negative findings with a clear negative impact on the effort to control the epidemic and, when PPE is not properly used, this can expose healthcare workers and patients to risks of contagion.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Nasofaringe/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , COVID-19 , Teste para COVID-19 , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação
19.
Head Neck ; 42(7): 1560-1569, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Objective data on chemosensitive disorders during COVID-19 are lacking in the Literature. METHODS: Multicenter cohort study that involved four Italian hospitals. Three hundred and forty-five COVID-19 patients underwent objective chemosensitive evaluation. RESULTS: Chemosensitive disorders self-reported by 256 patients (74.2%) but the 30.1% of the 89 patients who did not report dysfunctions proved objectively hyposmic. Twenty-five percentage of patients were seen serious long-lasting complaints. All asymptomatic patients had a slight lowering of the olfactory threshold. No significant correlations were found between the presence and severity of chemosensitive disorders and the severity of the clinical course. On the contrary, there is a significant correlation between the duration of the olfactory and gustatory symptoms and the development of severe COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Patients under-report the frequency of chemosensitive disorders. Contrary to recent reports, such objective testing refutes the proposal that the presence of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction may predict a milder course, but instead suggests that those with more severe disease neglect such symptoms in the setting of severe respiratory disease.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Limiar Sensorial , Distúrbios do Paladar/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Olfato/virologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distúrbios do Paladar/virologia , Adulto Jovem
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