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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379592

RESUMO

We present VisInReport, a visual analytics tool that supports the manual analysis of discourse transcripts and generates reports based on user interaction. As an integral part of scholarly work in the social sciences and humanities, discourse analysis involves an aggregation of characteristics identified in the text, which, in turn, involves a prior identification of regions of particular interest. Manual data evaluation requires extensive effort, which can be a barrier to effective analysis. Our system addresses this challenge by augmenting the users' analysis with a set of automatically generated visualization layers. These layers enable the detection and exploration of relevant parts of the discussion supporting several tasks, such as topic modeling or question categorization. The system summarizes the extracted events visually and verbally, generating a content-rich insight into the data and the analysis process. During each analysis session, VisInReport builds a shareable report containing a curated selection of interactions and annotations generated by the analyst. We evaluate our approach on real-world datasets through a qualitative study with domain experts from political science, computer science, and linguistics. The results highlight the benefit of integrating the analysis and reporting processes through a visual analytics system, which supports the communication of results among collaborating researchers.

2.
Brain Res ; 1249: 173-80, 2009 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19007757

RESUMO

A subset of German function verbs can be used either in a full, concrete, 'heavy' ("take a computer") or in a more metaphorical, abstract or 'light' meaning ("take a shower", no actual 'taking' involved). The present magnetoencephalographic (MEG) study explored whether this subset of 'light' verbs is represented in distinct cortical processes. A random sequence of German 'heavy', 'light', and pseudo verbs was visually presented in three runs to 22 native German speakers, who performed lexical decision task on real versus pseudo verbs. Across runs, verbs were presented (a) in isolation, (b) in minimal context of a personal pronoun, and (c) 'light' verbs only in a disambiguating context sentence. Central posterior activity 95-135 ms after stimulus onset was more pronounced for 'heavy' than for 'light' uses, whether presented in isolation or in minimal context. Minimal context produced a similar heavy>light differentiation in the left visual word form area at 160-200 ms. 'Light' verbs presented in sentence context allowing only for a 'heavy reading' evoked larger left-temporal activation around 270-340 ms than the corresponding 'light reading'. Across runs, real verbs provoked more pronounced activation than pseudo verbs in left-occipital regions at 110-150 ms. Thus, 'heavy' versus 'light readings' of verbs already modulate early posterior visual evoked response even when verbs are presented in isolation. This response becomes clearer in the disambiguating contextual condition. This type of study shows for the first time that language processing is sensitive to representational differences between two readings of one and the same verb stem.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Compreensão , Semântica , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Potenciais Evocados Visuais , Feminino , Humanos , Magnetoencefalografia , Masculino , Leitura , Adulto Jovem
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