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1.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 95(2): 384-394, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029091

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multiorgan, systemic autoimmune disease that is more common in women than men and is typically diagnosed during reproductive age, necessitating sex-specific considerations in care. In women there is no substantive evidence to suggest that SLE reduces fertility, but subfertility may occur as a result of active disease, immunosuppressive drugs, and age-related declines in fertility related to delays in childbearing. Although pregnancy outcomes have improved, SLE still poses risks in pregnancy that contribute to poorer maternal and fetal outcomes. Cyclophosphamide, an important agent for the treatment of severe or life-threatening lupus, may adversely affect fertility, particularly with increases in dose and patient age. Fertility preservation techniques are therefore an important consideration for women and men before cytotoxic treatment. There is mixed evidence as to whether exogenous estrogen in the form of oral contraceptive pills or hormone replacement therapy may increase the risk for the development of SLE, but among women with SLE already diagnosed, combined oral contraceptive pills and hormone replacement therapy do not confer risk for severe flare and remain important in reproductive care. The higher incidence of SLE in women may nonetheless be attributable to effects of endogenous estrogen, as well as failures in X chromosome inactivation, increased Toll-like receptor gene products, and changes in microRNA function. A greater appreciation of the biological underpinnings and consequences of sex differences in SLE may lead to more targeted treatments and improved outcomes for patients with SLE.

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(2): 217-224, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus (NL) have been associated with significant morbidity and mortality; however, there is minimal information on long-term outcomes of affected individuals. This study was initiated to evaluate the presence of and the risk factors associated with cardiac dysfunction in NL after birth in multiple age groups to improve counselling, to further understand pathogenesis and to provide potential preventative strategies. METHODS: Echocardiogram reports were evaluated in 239 individuals with cardiac NL: 143 from age 0-1 year, 176 from age >1-17 years and 64 from age >17 years. Logistic regression analyses evaluated associations of cardiac dysfunction at each age group with demographic, fetal and postnatal factors, using imputation to address missing data. RESULTS: Cardiac dysfunction was identified in 22.4% at age 0-1 year, 14.8% at age >1-17 years and 28.1% at age >17 years. Dysfunction in various age groups was significantly associated with male sex, black race, lower fetal heart rates, fetal extranodal cardiac disease and length of time paced. In 106 children with echocardiograms at ages 0-1 year and >1-17 years, 43.8% with dysfunction at age 0-1 year were also affected at age >1-17 years, while the others reverted to normal. Of children without dysfunction at age 0-1 year, 8.9% developed new dysfunction between ages >1 and 17 years. Among 34 with echocardiograms at ages >1-17 years and >17 years, 6.5% with normal function at age >1-17 years developed dysfunction in adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors in fetal life can influence cardiac morbidity into adulthood.Although limited by a small number of cases, cardiac dysfunction in the first year often normalises by later childhood. New-onset dysfunction, although rare, can occur de novo after the first year.

5.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589297

RESUMO

AIMS: Investigating human heart development and applying this to deviations resulting in disease is incomplete without molecular characterization of the cell types required for its normal functioning. We investigated fetal human heart single-cell transcriptomes from midgestational healthy and anti-Ro associated congenital heart block (CHB) samples, respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three healthy fetal human hearts (19th-22nd week of gestation) and one fetal heart affected by autoimmune-associated CHB (21st week of gestation) were subjected to enzymatic dissociation using the Langendorff preparation to obtain single cell suspensions followed by 10x Genomics- and Illumina-based single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). In addition to the myocytes, fibroblasts, immune cells, and other minor cell types, previously uncharacterized diverse subpopulations of endothelial cells were identified in the human heart. Differential gene expression analysis revealed increased and heterogeneous interferon responses in varied cell types the CHB heart compared to the healthy controls. In addition, we also identified matrisome transcripts enriched in CHB stromal cells that potentially contributing to extracellular matrix deposition and subsequent fibrosis. CONCLUSION: These data provide an information-rich resource to further understanding of human heart development, which, as illustrated by comparison to a heart exposed to a maternal autoimmune environment, can be leveraged to provide insight into the pathogenesis of disease. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: This study provides a single cell transcriptomic atlas of cells obtained from healthy second trimester fetal hearts to further understand human heart development and impart insight into autoimmune associated congenital heart block. In addition to myocytes and fibroblasts, previously uncharacterized subpopulations of endothelial cells were identified. Leveraging an unprecedented opportunity, healthy heart transcriptomes were compared to an age matched anti-SSA/Ro exposed fetal heart with third degree block in which no maternal medications were taken. Differential gene expression analysis revealed a remarkable interferon response in many cell types of the diseased heart. In addition, matrisome transcripts were enriched in the stromal cells likely contributing to the extracellular matrix deposition and thereby fibrosis, a signature lesion of heart block. Thus, targeting the interferon pathway merits therapeutic consideration.

6.
JCI Insight ; 4(20)2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536480

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by pathologic T cell-B cell interactions and autoantibody production. Defining the T cell populations that drive B cell responses in SLE may enable design of therapies that specifically target pathologic cell subsets. Here, we evaluated the phenotypes of CD4+ T cells in the circulation of 52 SLE patients drawn from multiple cohorts and identified a highly expanded PD-1hiCXCR5-CD4+ T cell population. Cytometric, transcriptomic, and functional assays demonstrated that PD-1hiCXCR5-CD4+ T cells from SLE patients are T peripheral helper (Tph) cells, a CXCR5- T cell population that stimulates B cell responses via IL-21. The frequency of Tph cells, but not T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, correlated with both clinical disease activity and the frequency of CD11c+ B cells in SLE patients. PD-1hiCD4+ T cells were found within lupus nephritis kidneys and correlated with B cell numbers in the kidney. Both IL-21 neutralization and CRISPR-mediated deletion of MAF abrogated the ability of Tph cells to induce memory B cell differentiation into plasmablasts in vitro. These findings identify Tph cells as a highly expanded T cell population in SLE and suggest a key role for Tph cells in stimulating pathologic B cell responses.

8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(10): 1614-1615, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342650
9.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 94(8): 1436-1443, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and its individual phenotypes of coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral artery disease (PAD), and cerebrovascular disease by age and sex in a large US cohort of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A nested case-control study of adults with and without SLE was conducted from the January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2014, National Inpatient Sample. Hospitalized patients with SLE were matched (1:3) by age, sex, race, and calendar year to hospitalized patients without SLE. The prevalences of CAD, PAD, and cerebrovascular disease were evaluated, and associations with SLE were determined after adjustment for common cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: Among the 252,676 patients with SLE and 758,034 matched patients without SLE, the mean age was 51 years, 89% were women, and 49% were white. Patients with SLE had a higher prevalence of ASCVD vs those without SLE (25.6% vs 19.2%; OR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.44-1.47; P<.001). After multivariable adjustment, SLE was associated with a greater odds of ASCVD (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.46; 95% CI, 1.41-1.51). The association between SLE and ASCVD was observed in women and men and was attenuated with increasing age. Also, SLE was associated with increased odds of CAD (aOR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.40-1.44), PAD (aOR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.22-1.28), and cerebrovascular disease (aOR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.65-1.71). CONCLUSION: In hospitalized US patients, SLE was associated with increased ASCVD prevalence, which was observed in both sexes and was greatest in younger patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
10.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 902-914, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209404

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis is a potentially fatal autoimmune disease for which the current treatment is ineffective and often toxic. To develop mechanistic hypotheses of disease, we analyzed kidney samples from patients with lupus nephritis and from healthy control subjects using single-cell RNA sequencing. Our analysis revealed 21 subsets of leukocytes active in disease, including multiple populations of myeloid cells, T cells, natural killer cells and B cells that demonstrated both pro-inflammatory responses and inflammation-resolving responses. We found evidence of local activation of B cells correlated with an age-associated B-cell signature and evidence of progressive stages of monocyte differentiation within the kidney. A clear interferon response was observed in most cells. Two chemokine receptors, CXCR4 and CX3CR1, were broadly expressed, implying a potentially central role in cell trafficking. Gene expression of immune cells in urine and kidney was highly correlated, which would suggest that urine might serve as a surrogate for kidney biopsies.


Assuntos
Rim/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Análise por Conglomerados , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Interferons/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Leucócitos/imunologia , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Nefrite Lúpica/metabolismo , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma
11.
12.
J Exp Med ; 216(5): 1154-1169, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962246

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus carries an increased risk of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia and fetal adverse outcomes. To identify the underlying molecular mechanisms, we longitudinally profiled the blood transcriptome of 92 lupus patients and 43 healthy women during pregnancy and postpartum and performed multicolor flow cytometry in a subset of them. We also profiled 25 healthy women undergoing assisted reproductive technology to monitor transcriptional changes around embryo implantation. Sustained down-regulation of multiple immune signatures, including interferon and plasma cells, was observed during healthy pregnancy. These changes appeared early after embryo implantation and were mirrored in uncomplicated lupus pregnancies. Patients with preeclampsia displayed early up-regulation of neutrophil signatures that correlated with expansion of immature neutrophils. Lupus pregnancies with fetal complications carried the highest interferon and plasma cell signatures as well as activated CD4+ T cell counts. Thus, blood immunomonitoring reveals that both healthy and uncomplicated lupus pregnancies exhibit early and sustained transcriptional modulation of lupus-related signatures, and a lack thereof associates with adverse outcomes.

13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 947-956, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To search for a transmissible agent involved in lupus pathogenesis, we investigated the faecal microbiota of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) for candidate pathobiont(s) and evaluated them for special relationships with host immunity. METHODS: In a cross-sectional discovery cohort, matched blood and faecal samples from 61 female patients with SLE were obtained. Faecal 16 S rRNA analyses were performed, and sera profiled for antibacterial and autoantibody responses, with findings validated in two independent lupus cohorts. RESULTS: Compared with controls, the microbiome in patients with SLE showed decreased species richness diversity, with reductions in taxonomic complexity most pronounced in those with high SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI). Notably, patients with SLE had an overall 5-fold greater representation of Ruminococcus gnavus (RG) of the Lachnospiraceae family, and individual communities also displayed reciprocal contractions of a species with putative protective properties. Gut RG abundance correlated with serum antibodies to only 1/8 RG strains tested. Anti-RG antibodies correlated directly with SLEDAI score and antinative DNA levels, but inversely with C3 and C4. These antibodies were primarily against antigen(s) in an RG strain-restricted pool of cell wall lipoglycans. Novel structural features of these purified lipoglycans were characterised by mass spectrometry and NMR. Highest levels of serum anti-RG strain-restricted antibodies were detected in those with active nephritis (including Class III and IV) in the discovery cohort, with findings validated in two independent cohorts. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest a novel paradigm in which specific strains of a gut commensal may contribute to the immune pathogenesis of lupus nephritis.

14.
J Thromb Haemost ; 17(3): 532-537, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638300

RESUMO

Essentials Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at increased risk for premature CVD. Platelet activity, vascular dysfunction and carotid artery plaque are associated with FcγRIIA genotype in SLE. FcγRIIA genotype was not associated with platelet activity or carotid plaque in healthy controls. FcγRIIA represents a link that connects platelet activity, vascular health and CVD in SLE. SUMMARY: Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease associated with an elevated risk of premature cardiovascular disease. Platelets express receptors contributing to inflammation and immunity, including FcγRIIA, the low affinity receptor of the Fc portion of IgG antibodies. The variation at a single amino acid substitution, H131R, in the extracellular binding domain alters the affinity for IgG, which may account for individual variation in platelet activity and platelet-mediated disease. Objectives This study was performed to investigate the association between FcγRIIA genotype, preclinical atherosclerosis, platelet reactivity and vascular health. Methods FcγRIIA was genotyped in 80 SLE patients and 30 healthy controls. Carotid ultrasound plaque, soluble E-selectin and platelet aggregability were evaluated in SLE and matched controls. Results Carotid plaque was significantly more prevalent in SLE patients carrying a variant allele compared to those with a homozygous ancestral allele (58% vs. 25%, P = 0.04). In contrast, prevalent carotid plaque was not associated with genotype in controls. Consistently, SLE variant FcγRIIA carriers vs. ancestral allele carriers had a significant increase in the levels of soluble E-selectin, which was not observed in controls. Monocyte and leukocyte-platelet aggregation and platelet aggregation in response to submaximal agonist stimulation were significantly elevated in SLE patients with the variant vs. ancestral genotype. Conclusions Carotid ultrasound plaque, soluble E-selectin levels and platelet activity were more frequently prevalent in SLE patients carrying variant FcγRIIA. The interplay between FcγRIIA-mediated platelet activation and endothelial cells might represent a mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in SLE patients.

15.
J Immunol ; 202(1): 48-55, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518570

RESUMO

Given that diseases associated with anti-SSA/Ro autoantibodies, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjögren syndrome, are linked with an upregulation of IFN and type I IFN-stimulated genes, including sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 1 (Siglec-1), a receptor on monocytes/macrophages, recent attention has focused on a potential role for IFN and IFN-stimulated genes in the pathogenesis of congenital heart block (CHB). Accordingly, three approaches were leveraged to address the association of IFN, IFN-stimulated genes, and the phenotype of macrophages in affected fetal cardiac tissue: 1) cultured healthy human macrophages transfected with hY3, an anti-SSA/Ro-associated ssRNA, 2) RNA isolated from freshly sorted human leukocytes/macrophages after Langendorff perfusion of three fetal hearts dying with CHB and three healthy gestational age-matched hearts, and 3) autopsy tissue from three additional human CHB hearts and one healthy heart. TLR ligation of macrophages with hY3 led to the upregulation of a panel of IFN transcripts, including SIGLEC1, a result corroborated using quantitative PCR. Using independent and agnostic bioinformatics approaches, CD45+CD11c+ and CD45+CD11c- human leukocytes flow sorted from the CHB hearts highly expressed type I IFN response genes inclusive of SIGLEC1. Furthermore, Siglec-1 expression was identified in the septal region of several affected fetal hearts. These data now provide a link between IFN, IFN-stimulated genes, and the inflammatory and possibly fibrosing components of CHB, positioning Siglec-1-positive macrophages as integral to the process.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Cardíaco/congênito , Septos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Lectina 1 Semelhante a Ig de Ligação ao Ácido Siálico/metabolismo , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/metabolismo , Autoantígenos/genética , Autoantígenos/metabolismo , Autoimunidade , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Bloqueio Cardíaco/imunologia , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , RNA Citoplasmático Pequeno/genética , RNA Citoplasmático Pequeno/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Lectina 1 Semelhante a Ig de Ligação ao Ácido Siálico/genética
16.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 71(7): 949-960, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30044541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Extant epidemiologic data of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) remains limited, particularly for racial/ethnic populations in the US. The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP) is a population-based retrospective registry of cases of systemic lupus erythematosus and related diseases, including primary SS in Manhattan, New York. The MLSP was used to provide estimates of the incidence and prevalence of primary SS across major racial/ethnic populations. METHODS: MLSP cases were identified from hospitals, rheumatologists, and population databases. Three case definitions were used for primary SS, including physician diagnosis, rheumatologist diagnosis, and modified primary SS criteria. Rates among Manhattan residents were age-adjusted, and capture-recapture analyses were conducted to assess underascertainment of cases. RESULTS: By physician diagnosis, age-adjusted overall incidence and prevalence rates of primary SS among adult Manhattan residents were 3.5 and 13.1 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. Capture-recapture adjustment increased incidence and prevalence rates (4.1 and 14.2 per 100,000 person-years, respectively). Based on physician diagnosis, incidence and prevalence rates were approximately 6 times higher among women than men (P < 0.001). Incidence of primary SS was statistically higher among non-Latina Asian women (10.5) and non-Latina white women (6.2) compared with Latina women (3.2). Incidence was also higher among non-Latina Asian women compared with non-Latina black women (3.3). Prevalence of primary SS did not differ by race/ethnicity. Similar trends were observed when more restrictive case definitions were applied. CONCLUSION: Data from the MLSP revealed disparities among Manhattan residents in primary SS incidence and prevalence by sex and differences in primary SS incidence by race/ethnicity among women. These data also provided epidemiologic estimates for the major racial/ethnic populations in the US.

18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1742-1749, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297329

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous neonatal lupus (cNL) occurs in possibly 5%-16% of anti-Ro±anti-La antibody-exposed infants. Data suggest in utero exposure to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) may prevent cardiac NL. The aim was to assess whether in utero exposure to HCQ decreases the risk of cNL and/or delays onset. METHODS: A multicentre case-control study was performed with 122 cNL cases and 434 controls born to women with a rheumatological disease who had documentation of maternal anti-Ro±anti-La antibodies at pregnancy and confirmation of medication use and the child's outcome. A secondary analysis was performed on 262 cNL cases, irrespective of maternal diagnosis, to determine if HCQ delayed time to cNL onset. RESULTS: Twenty (16%) cNL cases were exposed to HCQ compared with 146 (34%) controls (OR 0.4 (95% CI 0.2 to 0.6); p<0.01). Exposure to HCQ was associated with a reduced risk of cNL; exposure to anti-La antibody and female gender were associated with an increased risk of cNL. Exposure to HCQ remained significantly associated with a reduced cNL risk in the analyses limited to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus and those who developed rash ≤1 month. When analysing all 262 cNL cases, HCQ-exposed infants were older (6.0 (95% CI 5.7 to 6.3) weeks) at cNL onset versus HCQ-non-exposed infants (4.4 (95% CI 3.9 to 5.0) weeks), but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.21). CONCLUSION: Exposure to HCQ was associated with a reduced risk of cNL. Among cNL cases, those exposed to HCQ tend to have later onset of rash. Both findings suggest a protective effect of HCQ on cNL.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/congênito , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Lúpus Eritematoso Cutâneo/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etiologia , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 36, 2018 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29482604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin M (IgM) autoreactivity to malondialdehyde (MDA) protein modifications is part of the natural antibody repertoire in health and may have beneficial functions. In contrast, IgG anti-MDA are increased in chronic inflammation and autoimmunity and may instead have pathogenic properties. METHODS: Herein, we investigated serum IgG anti-MDA levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 398 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in the Swedish Karolinska SLE cohort and compared these to findings in 225 US SLE patients from New York University and Johns Hopkins University. RESULTS: In two independent cohorts, IgG anti-MDA levels correlated positively with disease activity by the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI; p < 0.0001, Spearman R = 0.3). Meta-analysis found an odds ratio of 2.7 (confidence interval (CI) 1.9-3.9; p < 0.0001) for high anti-MDA IgG levels with active disease (SLEDAI ≥ 6). Furthermore, IgG anti-MDA correlated directly with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNFR-1, sTNFR-2), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) measurements, and inversely with complement factors (C1q, C2, C3, C4). Importantly, IgG anti-MDA levels were significantly elevated in SLE patients with active nephritis (p = 0.0005) and correlated with cystatin C estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated IgG anti-MDA in SLE patients was associated with high disease activity, with active lupus nephritis, and with biomarkers of systemic inflammation. This natural antibody reactivity may have potential prognostic utility, and may also actively contribute to pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Autoimunidade/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/imunologia , Malondialdeído/imunologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 549-555, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29371202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies in mouse models implicate complement activation as a causative factor in adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). We investigated whether activation of complement early in pregnancy predicts APOs in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. METHODS: The PROMISSE Study enrolled pregnant women with SLE and/or aPL antibodies (n=487) and pregnant healthy controls (n=204) at <12 weeks gestation and evaluated them monthly. APOs were: fetal/neonatal death, preterm delivery <36 weeks because of placental insufficiency or preeclampsia and/or growth restriction <5th percentile. Complement activation products were measured on serial blood samples obtained at each monthly visit. RESULTS: APO occurred in 20.5% of SLE and/or aPL pregnancies. As early as 12-15 weeks, levels of Bb and sC5b-9 were significantly higher in patients with APOs and remained elevated through 31 weeks compared with those with normal outcomes. Moreover, Bb and sC5b-9 were significantly higher in patients with SLE and/or aPL without APOs compared with healthy controls. In logistic regression analyses, Bb and sC5b-9 at 12-15 weeks remained significantly associated with APO (ORadj=1.41 per SD increase; 95% CI 1.06 to 1.89; P=0.019 and ORadj=1.37 per SD increase; 95% CI 1.05 to 1.80; P=0.022, respectively) after controlling for demographic and clinical risk factors for APOs in PROMISSE. When analyses were restricted to patients with aPL (n=161), associations between Bb at 12-15 weeks and APOs became stronger (ORadj=2.01 per SD increase; 95% CI 1.16 to 3.49; P=0.013). CONCLUSION: In pregnant patients with SLE and/or aPL, increased Bb and sC5b-9 detectable early in pregnancy are strongly predictive of APOs and support activation of complement, particularly the alternative pathway, as a contributor to APOs.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Ativação do Complemento/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Complicações na Gravidez/imunologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fator B do Complemento/análise , Fator B do Complemento/imunologia , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/análise , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
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