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1.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(12)2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946939

RESUMO

The presence of complement activation products at sites of pathology in post-mortem Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains is well known. Recent evidence from genome-wide association studies (GWAS), combined with the demonstration that complement activation is pivotal in synapse loss in AD, strongly implicates complement in disease aetiology. Genetic variations in complement genes are widespread. While most variants individually have only minor effects on complement homeostasis, the combined effects of variants in multiple complement genes, referred to as the "complotype", can have major effects. In some diseases, the complotype highlights specific parts of the complement pathway involved in disease, thereby pointing towards a mechanism; however, this is not the case with AD. Here we review the complement GWAS hits; CR1 encoding complement receptor 1 (CR1), CLU encoding clusterin, and a suggestive association of C1S encoding the enzyme C1s, and discuss difficulties in attributing the AD association in these genes to complement function. A better understanding of complement genetics in AD might facilitate predictive genetic screening tests and enable the development of simple diagnostic tools and guide the future use of anti-complement drugs, of which several are currently in development for central nervous system disorders.

2.
JACC Basic Transl Sci ; 6(9-10): 772-795, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754993

RESUMO

Characterized by a rapidly increasing prevalence, elevated mortality and rehospitalization rates, and inadequacy of pharmaceutical therapies, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has motivated the widespread development of device-based solutions. HFpEF is a multifactorial disease of various etiologies and phenotypes, distinguished by diminished ventricular compliance, diastolic dysfunction, and symptoms of heart failure despite a normal ejection performance; these symptoms include pulmonary hypertension, limited cardiac reserve, autonomic imbalance, and exercise intolerance. Several types of atrial shunts, left ventricular expanders, stimulation-based therapies, and mechanical circulatory support devices are currently under development aiming to target one or more of these symptoms by addressing the associated mechanical or hemodynamic hallmarks. Although the majority of these solutions have shown promising results in clinical or preclinical studies, no device-based therapy has yet been approved for the treatment of patients with HFpEF. The purpose of this review is to discuss the rationale behind each of these devices and the findings from the initial testing phases, as well as the limitations and challenges associated with their clinical translation.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791755

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the clinical efficacy of a paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) with a novel matrix coating and reduced drug concentration in comparison with a widely used PCB with iopromide excipient. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with restenosis in drug-eluting stents. All patients were treated with a novel low-dose PCB with citrate-based excipient (Agent PCB). Angiographic follow-up was scheduled at 6-8 months. Outcomes were compared against those of patients treated with iopromide excipient PCB (SeQuent Please PCB) enrolled in a trial with identical inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was percent diameter stenosis (%DS) at follow-up angiography. The primary hypothesis was that the investigational device would be non-inferior to the control device (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02367495). RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five patients with 151 lesions were enrolled. Mean age was 68.1 ± 10.2 years, 40.8% had diabetes mellitus and 80.1% had focal morphology in-stent restenosis. Follow-up angiography data at 6-8 months was available for 102 (81.6%) patients. The Agent PCB was non-inferior to the SeQuent Please PCB in terms of the primary endpoint (38.9 ± 17.5 vs. 38.1 ± 21.5%; p non-inferiority  = 0.0056). Late lumen loss was also comparable between the groups (0.35 ± 0.55 vs. 0.37 ± 0.59; p = 0.71). There was no difference between the groups in the incidence of TLR (27.7% vs. 22.1%; p = 0.31), death or myocardial infarction (4.2% vs. 4.4%; p = 0.92) or target lesion thrombosis (1.0% vs. 0.7%; p = 0.93). CONCLUSION: In patients with DES restenosis, angioplasty with a novel PCB with citrate-based excipient was non-inferior to PCB with iopromide excipient in terms of angiographic outcome.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(20): e018828, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622669

RESUMO

Background New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce target-vessel revascularization compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), and recent data suggest that DES have the potential to decrease the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We evaluated the treatment effect of DES versus BMS according to the target artery (left anterior descending [LAD] and/or left main [LM] versus other territories [no-LAD/LM]). Methods and Results The Coronary Stent Trialist (CST) Collaboration gathered individual patient data of randomized trials of DES versus BMS for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were derived from a 1-stage individual patient data meta-analysis. We included 26 024 patients across 19 trials: 13 650 (52.4%) in the LAD/LM and 12 373 (47.6%) in the no-LAD/LM group. At 6-year follow-up, there was strong evidence that the treatment effect of DES versus BMS depended on the target vessel (P-interaction=0.024). Compared with BMS, DES reduced the risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction to a greater extent in the LAD/LM (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.68-0.85) than in the no-LAD/LM territories (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.83-1.05). This benefit was driven by a lower risk of cardiac death (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70-0.98) and myocardial infarction (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.65-0.85) in patients with LAD/LM disease randomized to DES. An interaction (P=0.004) was also found for all-cause mortality with patients with LAD/LM disease deriving benefit from DES (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.76-0.97). Conclusions As compared with BMS, new-generation DES were associated with sustained reduction in the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction if used for the treatment of LAD or left main coronary stenoses. Registration URL: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO; Unique identifier: CRD42017060520.

6.
Inflamm Res ; 70(10-12): 1075-1087, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595552

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Circulating IL-6 levels and at least one polymorphic form of IL6 gene (IL6 -174 G/C, rs1800795) have been shown to be independently associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) by several investigators. Despite more than 12 published meta-analyses on this subject, association of -174 G/C with CAD, especially amongst distinct ancestral population groups remain unclear. We, therefore, conducted a systematic review and an updated meta-analysis to comprehensively ascertain the association of IL6 -174 G/C with CAD and circulating IL-6 levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant case-control/cohort studies investigating association of -174 G/C with CAD and circulating IL-6 levels were identified following a comprehensive online search. Association status for CAD was determined for the pooled sample, as well as separately for major ancestral subgroups. Association status for circulating IL-6 levels was assessed for the pooled sample, as well as separately for CAD cases and CAD free controls. Study-level odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled using random/fixed-effects model. RESULTS: Quantitative synthesis for the CAD endpoint was performed using 55 separate qualifying studies with a collective sample size of 51,213 (19,160 cases/32,053 controls). Pooled association of -174 G/C with CAD was found to be statistically significant through dominant (OR 1.15; 95% CI 1.05-1.25, p = 0.002) as well as allelic genetic model comparisons (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.06-1.21, p = 0.0003). This effect was largely driven by Asian and Asian Indian ancestral subgroups, which also showed significant association with CAD in both genetic model comparisons (OR range 1.29-1.53, p value range ≤ 0.02). Other ancestral subgroups failed to show any meaningful association. Circulating IL-6 levels were found to be significantly higher amongst the 'C' allele carriers in the pooled sample (Standard mean difference, SMD 0.11, 95% CI 0.01-0.22 pg/ml, p = 0.009) as well as in the CAD free control subgroup (SMD 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.17 pg/ml, p = 0.009), though not in the CAD case subgroup (SMD 0.17, 95% CI = - 0.02 to 0.37, p = 0.12). CONCLUSIONS: The present systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrate an overall association between IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism and CAD, which seems to be mainly driven by Asian and Asian Indian ancestral subgroups. Upregulation of plasma IL-6 levels in the 'C' allele carriers seems to be at least partly responsible for this observed association. This warrants further investigations with large, structured case-control studies especially amongst Asian and Asian Indian ancestral groups.

8.
Journal of the American Heart Association ; 10(20): 018828, Oct. 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1344305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce target-vessel revascularization compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), and recent data suggest that DES have the potential to decrease the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We evaluated the treatment effect of DES versus BMS according to the target artery (left anterior descending [LAD] and/or left main [LM] versus other territories [no-LAD/LM]). METHODS AND RESULTS: The Coronary Stent Trialist (CST) Collaboration gathered individual patient data of randomized trials of DES versus BMS for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were derived from a 1-stage individual patient data meta-analysis. We included 26 024 patients across 19 trials: 13 650 (52.4%) in the LAD/LM and 12 373 (47.6%) in the no-LAD/LM group. At 6-year follow-up, there was strong evidence that the treatment effect of DES versus BMS depended on the target vessel (P interaction=0.024). Compared with BMS, DES reduced the risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction to a greater extent in the LAD/LM (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.68­0.85) than in the no-LAD/LM territories (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.83­1.05). This benefit was driven by a lower risk of cardiac death (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70­0.98) and myocardial infarction (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.65­0.85) in patients with LAD/LM disease randomized to DES. An interaction (P=0.004) was also found for all-cause mortality with patients with LAD/LM disease deriving benefit from DES (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.76­0.97). CONCLUSIONS: As compared with BMS, new-generation DES were associated with sustained reduction in the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction if used for the treatment of LAD or left main coronary stenoses.


Assuntos
Stents , Stents Farmacológicos
9.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(10): 2815-2826, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420177

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Data regarding vessel healing by optical coherence tomography (OCT) after everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) or everolimus-eluting metallic stent (EES) implantation in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients is scarce. We compared OCT findings after BRS or EES implantation in patients with AMI enrolled in a randomized trial. METHODS: In ISAR-Absorb MI, AMI patients were randomized to BRS or EES implantation, with 6-8 month angiographic follow-up. This analysis includes patients who underwent OCT during surveillance angiography. Tissue characterization was done using grey-scale signal intensity analysis. The association between OCT findings and target lesion failure (TLF) at 2 years was investigated. RESULTS: OCT was analyzed in 103 patients (2237 frames, 19,827 struts) at a median of 216 days post-implantation. Of these, 70 were treated with BRS versus 32 with EES. Pre-(92.8 vs. 68.7%, p = 0.002) and post-dilation (51.4 vs. 12.5%, p < 0.001) were more common in BRS as compared to EES. Strut coverage was higher in BRS vs. EES (97.5% vs. 90.9%, p < 0.001). Mean neointimal thickness was comparable in both groups [85.5 (61.9, 124.1) vs. 69.5 (32.7, 127.5) µm, respectively, p = 0.20]. Mature neointimal regions were numerically more common in BRS (43.0% vs. 24.6%; p = 0.35); this difference was statistically significant in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients (40.9% vs. 21.1%, p = 0.03). At two-years, 8 (7.8%) patients experienced TLF. Mean neointimal area [0.61 (0.21, 1.33) vs. 0.41 (0.11, 0.75) mm2, p = 0.03] and mean neointimal coverage [106.1 (65.2, 214.8) vs. 80.5 (53.5, 122.1) µm, p < 0.01] were higher, with comparable tissue maturity, in lesions with versus without TLF. CONCLUSIONS: In selected patients who underwent OCT surveillance 6-8 months after coronary intervention for AMI with differing implantation characteristics depending on the device type used, vessel healing was more advanced in BRS compared with EES, particularly in the STEMI subgroup.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Angiografia Coronária , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099410

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trials investigating aspirin omission in patients taking oral anticoagulation (OAC) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were not powered to assess rates of major bleeding or ischemic events. METHODS: We performed an updated meta-analysis and network analysis of randomized trials comparing treatment with or without aspirin in patients taking OAC and a P2Y12-inhibitor after PCI or ACS. The primary outcome was TIMI major bleeding. RESULTS: Five trials enrolling 11,542 patients allocated to antithrombotic regimens omitting (n = 5795) or including aspirin (n = 5747) were included. Aspirin omission was associated with a lower risk of TIMI major bleeding (RR = 0.56, 95% CI [0.44-0.71]; P < 0.001) but a trend towards a higher risk of MI (RR = 1.21, 95% CI [0.99-1.47]; P = 0.06), which was significantly higher when only non-vitamin K antagonist OAC (NOAC)-based trials were considered (Pinteraction = 0.02). The risk of stent thrombosis was comparable with both strategies (RR = 1.29, 95% CI [0.87-1.90]; P = 0.20), with a trend towards a higher risk of ST with aspirin omission when only NOAC-based trials were considered (Pinteraction = 0.06). Risks of stroke and death were similar with both strategies. Network meta-analysis ranked dabigatran (low dose) without aspirin as the best strategy for bleeding reduction (P-score = 0.86) and apixaban with aspirin as the best strategy for MI reduction (P-score = 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: In patients taking OAC after PCI or ACS, aspirin omission is associated with a lower risk of TIMI major bleeding, with a numerically increased risk of MI, which is statistically significant when only NOAC-based trials are considered. This supports individualization of the treatment regimen based on patient risk.

11.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(9): 4323-4336, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002346

RESUMO

Recent studies have identified roles for complement in synaptic pruning, both physiological during development and pathological in Alzheimer's disease (AD). These reports suggest that C1q initiates complement activation on synapses and C3 fragments then tag them for removal by microglia. There is an urgent need to characterise these processes in rodent AD models; this requires the development of reagents and methods for detection and quantification of rodent C1q in fluids and pathological tissues. These will enable better evaluation of the role of C1q in disease and its value as disease biomarker. We describe the generation in C1q-deficient mice of novel monoclonal antibodies against mouse and rat C1q that enabled development of a sensitive, specific, and quantitative ELISA for mouse and rat C1q capable of measuring C1q in biological fluids and tissue extracts. Serum C1q levels were measured in wild-type (WT), C1q knockout (KO), C3 KO, C7 KO, Crry KO, and 3xTg and APPNL-G-F AD model mice through ageing. C1q levels significantly decreased in WT, APPNL-G-F, and C7 KO mice with ageing. C1q levels were reduced in APPNL-G-F compared to WT at all ages and in 3xTg at 12 months; C3 KO and C7 KO, but not Crry KO mice, also demonstrated significantly lower C1q levels compared to matched WT. In brain homogenates, C1q levels increased with age in both WT and APPNL-G-F mice. This robust and adaptable assay for quantification of mouse and rat C1q provides a vital tool for investigating the expression of C1q in rodent models of AD and other complement-driven pathologies.

13.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 5(3): ytab082, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718770

RESUMO

Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a variant of acute coronary syndrome with characteristic acute left ventricular apical ballooning. Uncommonly, there can be associated left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction causing cardiogenic shock refractory to inotropic support. The use of afterload-reducing mechanical support such as intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation is not routinely employed in instances of this kind. Case summary: In our case report, we describe a 66-year-old female with acute Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and associated LVOT obstruction which failed to respond to high-dose dobutamine and whose clinical trajectory was worsened by fast atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response. Within 24 h of admission, the patient had an IABP placed which rapidly improved her haemodynamics. Two days later, IABP was removed and within 6 days of admission, apical ballooning and LVOT obstruction had fully recovered. Conclusion: We recommend early use of mechanical support with IABP counterpulsation to expedite recovery in patients with acute Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with associated LVOT obstruction.

14.
Circulation ; 143(11): 1092-1094, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720774
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A coronary stent with thromboresistant and pro-healing properties such as the polymer polyzene F-coated (COBRA PzF) stent might safely allow for a very short duration of triple therapy in patients taking oral anticoagulation (OAC) who undergo coronary stenting. METHODS: The COBRA-REDUCE trial is a prospective, multinational, randomized, open-label, assessor-blinded trial. A total of 996 patients at high bleeding risk because of requirement for OAC (with a vitamin K antagonist or non-vitamin K antagonist for any indication) will be randomized at sites in the United States and Europe to treatment with the COBRA-PzF stent followed by very short duration (14 days) DAPT or a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved new generation drug-eluting stent followed by guideline-recommended DAPT duration (3 or 6 months). Two co-primary endpoints will be tested at 6 months: a bleeding co-primary endpoint (bleeding academic research consortium [BARC] ≥2 bleeding beyond 14 days or after hospital discharge, whichever is later [superiority hypothesis]) and a thrombo-embolic co-primary endpoint (the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, definite/probable stent thrombosis or ischaemic stroke [non-inferiority hypothesis]). The trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02594501). CONCLUSION: The COBRA-REDUCE trial will determine whether coronary stenting with the COBRA PzF stent followed by 14 days of clopidogrel will reduce bleeding without increasing thrombo-embolic events compared with FDA-approved DES followed by 3-6 months clopidogrel in patients taking OAC and aspirin.

17.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 33: 26-31, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In the randomized PREPARE-CALC trial, lesion preparation of calcified lesions with upfront rotational atherectomy (RA) prior to drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation resulted in higher acute success as compared to a provisional modified balloon (MB) strategy. We aimed to investigate the impact of calcified lesion complexity on the treatment effect with either MB or RA. METHODS/MATERIALS: Two hundred patients were randomized to lesion preparation with either MB or RA. The study population was stratified according to lesion complexity into at least one type-C lesion or into exclusively non-type-C lesions. Endpoints were strategy success, need for bail-out RA, acute lumen gain, and late lumen loss (LLL) at 9 months. RESULTS: In total, 143 patients were graded as type-C (45% patients were allocated to MB), whereas 57 patients were graded as non-type-C (61% patients were allocated to MB). In patients with at least one type-C lesion, strategy success with RA was higher than with MB (97% vs 72%, p < 0.001), but superiority of RA was not observed in patients with non-type-C lesions (100% vs 97%, p = 1.00; pinteraction = 0.001). The need for bail-out RA was higher in patients with type-C lesions (n = 15) as compared with non-type-C lesions (n = 1). Acute lumen gain, LLL, and target lesion revascularization at 9 months were not dependent on lesion complexity and upfront lesion preparation strategy. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with calcified non-type-C lesions, the treatment strategy with RA or MB before DES implantation results in comparable success rates, whereas in type-C lesions upfront RA appears to be the superior upfront strategy.

18.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 74(7): 584-590, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819850

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Long-term outcomes of unselected patients treated with bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation are lacking, especially for the period after complete dissolution of the BVS. This study sought to evaluate 5-year outcomes in patients treated with BVS in routine practice. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent implantation of everolimus-eluting BVS during routine clinical practice at 2 high-volume centres in Germany were studied. The patients were followed-up for up to 5 years. The primary endpoints of interest were the composite of death, myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization, as well as definite scaffold thrombosis. RESULTS: A total of 419 patients (mean age 66.6 ± 10.9 years; 31.5% had diabetes) were included, of whom 38.9% presented with an acute coronary syndrome. Of the 527 lesions treated, 49.0% were classified as complex and 13.1% were bifurcation lesions. At 5 years, the composite clinical endpoint occurred in 33.1% of patients and definite scaffold thrombosis occurred in 4.7%. Most definite scaffold thrombosis occurred within 2 years after BVS implantation. CONCLUSIONS: In patients treated with BVS implantation in routine clinical practice the rates of adverse clinical events at 5 years were high, including a considerable incidence of scaffold thrombosis.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Everolimo , Alemanha , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Solubilidade , Tecidos Suporte , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
EuroIntervention ; 17(6): 481-488, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The comparative efficacy of balloon-based techniques to prepare severely calcified coronary lesions before stenting remains poorly studied. AIMS: We sought to compare stent expansion following preparation of severely calcified coronary lesions with either a super high-pressure balloon or a scoring balloon. METHODS: In this randomised, open-label trial, patients with severely calcified coronary lesions were enrolled at five centres in Germany and Switzerland. After unsuccessful lesion preparation with a standard non-compliant balloon (<30% reduction of baseline diameter stenosis), participants were randomised to predilation with either a super high-pressure balloon or a scoring balloon before drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The primary endpoint of the study was stent expansion index as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). The key secondary endpoints included angiographic, strategy and procedural success. RESULTS: OCT data after DES implantation were available for 70 out of 74 patients (94.6%) enrolled. Lesion preparation with a super high-pressure balloon versus a scoring balloon led to a comparable stent expansion index (0.72±0.12 vs 0.68±0.13; p=0.22). Compared with the scoring balloon, the super high-pressure balloon increased the minimum lumen diameter (2.83±0.34 mm vs 2.65±0.36 mm; p=0.03) and reduced the diameter stenosis (11.6±4.8% vs 14.4±5.6%; p=0.02) without difference in terms of angiographic success (100% vs 97.3%; p>0.99). Strategy success (91.9% vs 83.8%; p=0.48) and procedural success (100% vs 89.2%; p=0.12) were numerically more frequent with the super high-pressure balloon versus the scoring balloon. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with severely calcified coronary artery lesions, preparation with a super high-pressure balloon versus a scoring balloon was associated with comparable stent expansion on intravascular imaging and a trend towards improved angiographic performance. Visual summary. A ComparIson of Strategies to PrepAre SeveRely CALCified Coronary Lesions: the ISAR-CALC randomised trial.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur Heart J ; 42(4): 308-319, 2021 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284979

RESUMO

AIMS: After percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES), whether short dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) followed by single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) with a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor confers benefits compared with prolonged DAPT is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Multiple electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Sciences, Ovid, and ScienceDirect, were searched to identify randomized clinical trials comparing ≤3 months of DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor SAPT vs. 12 months of DAPT after PCI with second-generation DES implantation. The primary and co-primary outcomes of interest were major bleeding and stent thrombosis 1 year after randomization. Summary hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by fixed-effect and random-effects models. Multiple sensitivity analyses including random-effects models 95% CI adjustment were applied. A sensitivity analysis comparing trials using P2Y12 inhibitor SAPT with those using aspirin SAPT was performed. A total of five randomized clinical trials (32 145 patients) were available. Major bleeding was significantly lower in the patients assigned to short DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor SAPT compared with those assigned to 12-month DAPT (random-effects model: HR 0.63, 95% 0.45-0.86). No significant differences between groups were observed in terms of stent thrombosis (random-effects model: HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.86-1.65) and the secondary endpoints of all-cause death (random-effects model: HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.70-1.03), myocardial infarction (random-effects model: HR 1.05, 95% CI 0.89-1.23), and stroke (random-effects model: HR 1.08, 95% CI 0.68-1.74). Sensitivity analyses showed overall consistent results. By comparing trials testing ≤3 months of DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor SAPT vs. 12 months of DAPT with trials testing ≤3 months of DAPT followed by aspirin SAPT vs. 12-month of DAPT, there was no treatment-by-subgroup interaction for each endpoint. By combining all these trials, regardless of the type of SAPT, short DAPT was associated with lower major bleeding (random-effects model: HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.48-0.83) and no differences in stent thrombosis, all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke were observed between regimens. CONCLUSION: After second-generation DES implantation, 1-3 months of DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor SAPT is associated with lower major bleeding and similar stent thrombosis, all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke compared with prolonged DAPT. Whether P2Y12 inhibitor SAPT is preferable to aspirin SAPT needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
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