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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14812, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616008

RESUMO

Here, we assessed whether 41 SNPs within steroid hormone genes associated with erosive disease. The most relevant finding was the rheumatoid factor (RF)-specific effect of the CYP1B1, CYP2C9, ESR2, FcγR3A, and SHBG SNPs to modulate the risk of bone erosions (P = 0.004, 0.0007, 0.0002, 0.013 and 0.015) that was confirmed through meta-analysis of our data with those from the DREAM registry (P = 0.000081, 0.0022, 0.00074, 0.0067 and 0.0087, respectively). Mechanistically, we also found a gender-specific correlation of the CYP2C9rs1799853T/T genotype with serum vitamin D3 levels (P = 0.00085) and a modest effect on IL1ß levels after stimulation of PBMCs or blood with LPS and PHA (P = 0.0057 and P = 0.0058). An overall haplotype analysis also showed an association of 3 ESR1 haplotypes with a reduced risk of erosive arthritis (P = 0.009, P = 0.002, and P = 0.002). Furthermore, we observed that the ESR2, ESR1 and FcγR3A SNPs influenced the immune response after stimulation of PBMCs or macrophages with LPS or Pam3Cys (P = 0.002, 0.0008, 0.0011 and 1.97•10-7). Finally, we found that a model built with steroid hormone-related SNPs significantly improved the prediction of erosive disease in seropositive patients (PRF+ = 2.46•10-8) whereas no prediction was detected in seronegative patients (PRF- = 0.36). Although the predictive ability of the model was substantially lower in the replication population (PRF+ = 0.014), we could confirm that CYP1B1 and CYP2C9 SNPs help to predict erosive disease in seropositive patients. These results are the first to suggest a RF-specific association of steroid hormone-related polymorphisms with erosive disease.

2.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(3): 156-164, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3382

RESUMO

Objetivo: El paradigma actual en el tratamiento de la artritis reumatoide (AR) contempla el diagnóstico temprano y el uso precoz de fármacos modificadores de enfermedad (FAME) para alcanzar la remisión o baja actividad inflamatoria, lo cual, se conoce como «treat to target» (T2T). El objetivo del trabajo es desarrollar un indicador compuesto (IC) para evaluar la calidad asistencial en el manejo de los pacientes con AR atendiendo a la estrategia T2T y a otras recomendaciones generales para la atención de estos pacientes. Material y método: La construcción del IC siguió las fases: 1) selección de los criterios de calidad mediante un juicio de expertos; 2) priorización de los criterios, a partir de un Delphi con 20 expertos; 3) diseño de los indicadores de calidad, y 4) cálculo del IC ponderado. La fuente de información para el cálculo del IC son las historias clínicas de los pacientes con AR. Resultados: De los 37 criterios seleccionados, 12 necesitaron una segunda ronda Delphi. Se priorizaron 31 criterios, los cuales presentaron una mediana en relevancia y factibilidad, en las rondas Delphi, mayor o igual a 7,5, con un rango intercuartílico inferior a 3,5, y un grado de acuerdo (puntuación mayor o igual a 8) igual o superior al 80%. Conclusiones: El IC construido, consensuado y ponderado, permite evaluar la calidad asistencial de los pacientes con AR, en las Unidades de Reumatología de hospitales españoles, ofreciendo una medida resumen válida y fácilmente interpretable


Objective: The current guidelines in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) include the early diagnosis and early use of disease modifying drugs to achieve remission or low disease activity level, known as "Treat to Target" (T2T). The objective of this study is to develop a composite indicator (CI) to evaluate the quality of care in the management of patients with RA, according to the T2T strategy and other general recommendations concerning the management of these patients. Material and method: The phases of the construction of the CI were: 1) selection of quality criteria through expert judgment; 2) prioritization of the criteria, according to relevance and feasibility, applying the Delphi methodology (two rounds) involving 20 experts; 3) design of quality indicators; and 4) calculation of the weighted CI, using the mean value in relevance and feasibility granted by the experts. The source of information for the calculation of the CI are the medical records of patients with RA. Results: Twelve criteria out of 37 required a second Delphi round. Thirty-one criteria were prioritized. These criteria presented a median in relevance and feasibility greater than or equal to 7.5, with an interquartile range of less than 3.5, and a level of agreement (score greater than or equal to 8) greater than or equal to 80%. Conclusions: The constructed CI allows us to evaluate the quality of care of patients with RA following the T2T strategy in the rheumatology units of Spanish hospitals, offering a valid and easily interpretable summary measure

3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3371

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo

4.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0213073, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818333

RESUMO

Research in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is increasingly focused on the discovery of biomarkers that could enable personalized treatments. The genetic biomarkers associated with the response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi) are among the most studied. They include 12 SNPs exhibiting promising results in the three largest genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, they still require further validation. With this aim, we assessed their association with response to TNFi in a replication study, and a meta-analysis summarizing all non-redundant data. The replication involved 755 patients with RA that were treated for the first time with a biologic drug, which was either infliximab (n = 397), etanercept (n = 155) or adalimumab (n = 203). Their DNA samples were successfully genotyped with a single-base extension multiplex method. Lamentably, none of the 12 SNPs was associated with response to the TNFi in the replication study (p > 0.05). However, a drug-stratified exploratory analysis revealed a significant association of the NUBPL rs2378945 SNP with a poor response to etanercept (B = -0.50, 95% CI = -0.82, -0.17, p = 0.003). In addition, the meta-analysis reinforced the previous association of three SNPs: rs2378945, rs12142623, and rs4651370. In contrast, five of the remaining SNPs were less associated than before, and the other four SNPs were no longer associated with the response to treatment. In summary, our results highlight the complexity of the pharmacogenetics of TNFi in RA showing that it could involve a drug-specific component and clarifying the status of the 12 GWAS-drawn SNPs.

6.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30713012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The difficulty in diagnosis and the spectrum of clinical manifestations that can determine the choice of treatment for primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has fostered the development of recommendations by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER), based on the best possible evidence. These recommendations can serve as a reference for rheumatologists and other specialists involved in the management of APS. METHODS: A panel of four rheumatologists, a gynaecologist and a haematologist with expertise in APS was created, previously selected by the SER through an open call or based on professional merits. The stages of the work were: identification of the key areas for drafting the document, analysis and synthesis of the scientific evidence (using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network [SIGN] levels of evidence) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and formal assessment or reasoned judgement techniques (consensus techniques). RESULTS: 46 recommendations were drawn up, addressing five main areas: diagnosis and evaluation, measurement of primary thromboprophylaxis, treatment for APS or secondary thromboprophylaxis, treatment for obstetric APS and special situations. These recommendations also include the role of novel oral anticoagulants, the problem of recurrences or the key risk factors identified in these subjects. This document reflects the first 21, referring to the areas of: diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of primary APS. The document provides a table of recommendations and treatment algorithms. CONCLUSIONS: An update of the SER recommendations on APS is presented. This document corresponds to partI, related to diagnosis, evaluation and treatment. These recommendations are considered tools for decision-making for clinicians, taking into consideration both the decision of the physician experienced in APS and the patient. A partII has also been prepared, which addresses aspects related to obstetric SAF and special situations.

7.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30686569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The difficulty in diagnosis and the spectrum of clinical manifestations that can determine the choice of treatment for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has fostered the development of recommendations by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER), based on the best possible evidence. These recommendations can serve as a reference for rheumatologists and other specialists involved in the management of APS. METHODS: A panel of 4rheumatologists, a gynaecologist and a haematologist with expertise in APS was created, previously selected by the SER through an open call or based on professional merits. The stages of the work were: identification of the key areas for the document elaboration, analysis and synthesis of the scientific evidence (using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, SIGN levels of evidence) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and formal assessment or reasoned judgement techniques (consensus techniques). RESULTS: Forty-six recommendations were drawn up, addressing 5main areas: diagnosis and evaluation, measurement of primary thromboprophylaxis, treatment for APS or secondary thromboprophylaxis, treatment for obstetric APS and special situations. These recommendations also include the role of novel oral anticoagulants, the problem of recurrences or the key risk factors identified in these subjects. This document reflects the last 25, referring to the areas of: obstetric APS and special situations. The document provides a table of recommendations and treatment algorithms. CONCLUSIONS: Update of SER recommendations on APS is presented. This document corresponds to part II, related to obstetric SAF and special situations. These recommendations are considered tools for decision-making for clinicians, taking into consideration both the decision of the physician experienced in APS and the patient. A part I has also been prepared, which addresses aspects related to diagnosis, evaluation and treatment.

8.
Pharmacogenomics J ; 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287909

RESUMO

The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate whether 47 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in steroid hormone-related genes are associated with the risk of RA and anti-TNF drug response. We conducted a case-control study in 3 European populations including 2936 RA patients and 2197 healthy controls. Of those, a total of 1985 RA patients were treated with anti-TNF blockers. The association of potentially interesting markers in the discovery population was validated through meta-analysis with data from DREAM and DANBIO registries. Although none of the selected variants had a relevant role in modulating RA risk, the meta-analysis of the linear regression data with those from the DREAM and DANBIO registries showed a significant correlation of the CYP3A4rs11773597 and CYP2C9rs1799853 variants with changes in DAS28 after the administration of anti-TNF drugs (P = 0.00074 and P = 0.006, respectively). An overall haplotype analysis also showed that the ESR2GGG haplotype significantly associated with a reduced chance of having poor response to anti-TNF drugs (P = 0.0009). Finally, a ROC curve analysis confirmed that a model built with eight steroid hormone-related variants significantly improved the ability to predict drug response compared with the reference model including demographic and clinical variables (AUC = 0.633 vs. AUC = 0.556; PLR_test = 1.52 × 10-6). These data together with those reporting that the CYP3A4 and ESR2 SNPs correlate with the expression of TRIM4 and ESR2 mRNAs in PBMCs (ranging from P = 1.98 × 10-6 to P = 2.0 × 10-35), and that the CYP2C9rs1799853 SNP modulates the efficiency of multiple drugs, suggest that steroid hormone-related genes may have a role in determining the response to anti-TNF drugs.KEY POINTS• Polymorphisms within the CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 loci correlate with changes in DAS28 after treatment with anti-TNF drugs.• A haplotype including eQTL SNPs within the ESR2 gene associates with better response to anti-TNF drugs.• A genetic model built with eight steroid hormone-related variants significantly improved the ability to predict drug response.

10.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0196793, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29734345

RESUMO

Genetic biomarkers are sought to personalize treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), given their variable response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi). However, no genetic biomaker is yet sufficiently validated. Here, we report a validation study of 18 previously reported genetic biomarkers, including 11 from GWAS of response to TNFi. The validation was attempted in 581 patients with RA that had not been treated with biologic antirheumatic drugs previously. Their response to TNFi was evaluated at 3, 6 and 12 months in two ways: change in the DAS28 measure of disease activity, and according to the EULAR criteria for response to antirheumatic drugs. Association of these parameters with the genotypes, obtained by PCR amplification followed by single-base extension, was tested with regression analysis. These analyses were adjusted for baseline DAS28, sex, and the specific TNFi. However, none of the proposed biomarkers was validated, as none showed association with response to TNFi in our study, even at the time of assessment and with the outcome that showed the most significant result in previous studies. These negative results are notable because this was the first independent validation study for 12 of the biomarkers, and because they indicate that prudence is needed in the interpretation of the proposed biomarkers of response to TNFi even when they are supported by very low p values. The results also emphasize the requirement of independent replication for validation, and the need to search protocols that could increase reproducibility of the biomarkers of response to TNFi.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 7342, 2018 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29743634

RESUMO

About 70 genetic studies have already addressed the need of biomarkers to predict the response of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to methotrexate (MTX) treatment. However, no genetic biomarker has yet been sufficiently validated. Here, we aimed to replicate a selection of 25 SNPs in the largest collection of patients up to date, which consisted of 915 patients treated with MTX. The change in disease activity (measured as ΔDAS28) from baseline was considered the primary outcome. In addition, response according to widely used criteria (EULAR) was taken as secondary outcome. We considered consistency between outcomes, P values accounting for the number of SNPs, and independence from potential confounders for interpretation of the results. Only the rs1801394 SNP in MTRR fulfilled the high association standards. Its minor allele was associated with less improvement than the major allele according to ΔDAS28 (p = 0.0016), and EULAR response (p = 0.004), with independence of sex, age, baseline DAS28, smoking, seropositivity, concomitant corticosteroid use or previous treatments. In addition, previous evidence suggests the association of this SNP with response to MTX in another autoimmune disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and with high intracellular folate levels, which could contribute to poor response.

14.
Heliyon ; 3(11): e00452, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29264411

RESUMO

Background: Reducing the dose of biological therapy (BT) when patients with immune-mediated arthritis achieve a sustained therapeutic goal may help to decrease costs for national health services and reduce the risk of serious infection. However, there is little information about whether such a decision can be applied universally. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop appropriateness criteria for reducing the dose of BT in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), and peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA). Methods: The RAND/UCLA appropriateness method was coordinated by experts in the methodology. Five rheumatologists with clinical research experience in RA and/or SpA selected and precisely defined the variables considered relevant when deciding to reduce the dose of BT in the 3 diseases, in order to define patient profiles. Ten rheumatologists with experience in prescribing BT anonymously rated each profile on a scale of 1 (completely inappropriate) to 9 (completely appropriate) after revising a summary of the evidence obtained from 4 systematic literature reviews carried out specifically for this project. Findings: A total of 2,304 different profiles were obtained for RA, 768 for axSpA, and 3,072 for pSpA. Only 327 (14.2%) patient profiles in RA, 80 (10.4%) in axSpA, and 154 (5%) in pSpA were considered appropriate for reducing the dose of BT. By contrast, 749 (32.5%) patient profiles in RA, 270 (35.3%) in axSpA, and 1,243 (40.5%) in pSpA were considered inappropriate. The remaining profiles were considered uncertain. Interpretation: Appropriateness criteria for reducing the dose of BT were developed in 3 inflammatory conditions. These criteria can help clinicians treating these disorders to optimize the BT dose. However, further research is needed, since more than 50% of the profiles were considered uncertain and the real prevalence of each profile in daily clinical practice remains unknown.

15.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 13(5): 264-281, sept.-oct. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-165224

RESUMO

Objetivo. Desarrollar recomendaciones basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia sobre el manejo de pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas inflamatorias y autoinmunes durante la edad fértil, el embarazo, posparto y lactancia. Métodos. Se siguió la metodología de grupos nominales. Se seleccionó un grupo nominal de expertos (12 reumatólogos). Se realizó una actualización de una revisión sistemática de la literatura, una revisión literaria, así como una encuesta a nivel nacional sobre el manejo de estos pacientes. El grupo de expertos se encargó de definir el alcance, usuarios, apartados del manuscrito y posibles recomendaciones. El GA con las recomendaciones se votó siguiendo la metodología Delphi según una escala de 1 (total desacuerdo) a 10 (total acuerdo), definiéndose el acuerdo como una puntuación ≥ 7 por al menos el 70% de los participantes. El NE y GR se clasificaron según el modelo del Center for Evidence Based Medicine de Oxford. El documento completo inicial fue revisado por los expertos y el proyecto estuvo coordinado, en todo momento, por un metodólogo experto. Resultados. Se generaron 14 recomendaciones sobre el periodo preconcepcional (anticoncepción, reproducción asistida), el embarazo (planificación, manejo farmacológico y seguimiento) y lactancia (manejo farmacológico y seguimiento). Incluye recomendaciones específicas sobre situaciones de especial riesgo como el lupus eritematoso sistémico y el síndrome antifosfolípido. Existió acuerdo > 90% con todas las recomendaciones menos en una de ellas. Conclusiones. En los pacientes con enfermedades inflamatorias y autoinmunes estas actuaciones pueden mejorar los resultados y el pronóstico de los mismos (AU)


Objective. To develop recommendations on the evaluation and management of patients with rheumatic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases during the reproductive age, pregnancy, post-partum and breastfeeding based on the best evidence and experience. Methods. Recommendations were generated using nominal group and Delphi techniques. An expert panel of 12 rheumatologists was established. A systematic literature review and a narrative review (websites, clinical guidelines and other relevant documentation) were performed and presented to the panel in its 1st meeting to be discussed and to help define recommendations. A first draft of recommendations was generated and circulated for comments and wording refinement. A national survey analyzing different aspects of this topic was undertaken separately, followed by a Delphi process (2 rounds). Agreement with each recommendation was ranked on a scale of 1 (total disagreement) to 10 (total agreement), and was considered to be achieved if at least 70% voted ≥ 7. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were assessed using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Results. A total of 14 recommendations were generated for the preconception period (oral and hormonal contraception, reproductive techniques), pregnancy (planning, treatment and follow-up), and breastfeeding (treatment and follow-up). High-risk situations such as lupus or antiphospholipid syndrome were included. A consensus > 90% was reached for all but one recommendation. Conclusions. These recommendations are intended to provide rheumatologists, patients, families and other stakeholders with a consensus on the evaluation and management of patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases during the reproductive age, pregnancy, postpartum and breastfeeding (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Fertilidade , Prognóstico , Anticoncepção/normas , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/normas , Técnica Delfos , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Fatores de Risco
16.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28789978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current guidelines in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) include the early diagnosis and early use of disease modifying drugs to achieve remission or low disease activity level, known as "Treat to Target" (T2T). The objective of this study is to develop a composite indicator (CI) to evaluate the quality of care in the management of patients with RA, according to the T2T strategy and other general recommendations concerning the management of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The phases of the construction of the CI were: 1) selection of quality criteria through expert judgment; 2) prioritization of the criteria, according to relevance and feasibility, applying the Delphi methodology (two rounds) involving 20 experts; 3) design of quality indicators; and 4) calculation of the weighted CI, using the mean value in relevance and feasibility granted by the experts. The source of information for the calculation of the CI are the medical records of patients with RA. RESULTS: Twelve criteria out of 37 required a second Delphi round. Thirty-one criteria were prioritized. These criteria presented a median in relevance and feasibility greater than or equal to 7.5, with an interquartile range of less than 3.5, and a level of agreement (score greater than or equal to 8) greater than or equal to 80%. CONCLUSIONS: The constructed CI allows us to evaluate the quality of care of patients with RA following the T2T strategy in the rheumatology units of Spanish hospitals, offering a valid and easily interpretable summary measure.

17.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal.

18.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 13(2): 78-84, mar.-abr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161414

RESUMO

Objetivos. Evaluar la eficacia del tratamiento con tocilizumab (TCZ) en pacientes con artritis reumatoide (AR) en práctica clínica, las tasas de supervivencia del fármaco y variables clínicas predictoras de respuesta. Métodos. Es un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, longitudinal y abierto en el que se incluyó a pacientes en condiciones de práctica clínica que recibieron TCZ (8mg/kg/cada 4 semanas). Las respuestas clínicas se midieron utilizando los criterios de respuesta de la European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), las tasas de actividad baja y remisión según el Disease activity score-28 (DAS28-VSG) y Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI). Resultados. La tasa de respuesta EULAR fue del 86,63%, con una tasa de remisión DAS28 del 53,7% a los 6 meses de tratamiento. El 52,9% de los pacientes presentaron baja actividad de la enfermedad a los 24 meses según CDAI y 47,1% según DAS28. No hubo diferencias significativas en cuanto a respuesta EULAR, baja actividad y remisión DAS28 entre pacientes en tratamiento con TCZ en monoterapia y terapia combinada, ni entre pacientes positivos y negativos para factor reumatoide (FR) y/o anticuerpo antipéptido cíclico citrulinado (anti-PCC). Los pacientes que recibieron TCZ de primera línea presentaron mejores tasas de remisión y baja actividad a los 6 meses. La tasa de supervivencia fue del 61% a los 24 meses, siendo una de las causas de discontinuación más frecuente los efectos adversos. Conclusión. El TCZ es efectivo en pacientes con AR, tiene eficacia similar cuando se utiliza en monoterapia o en combinación con fármacos antirreumáticos modificadores de la enfermedad (FAME) sintéticos y presenta altas tasas de supervivencia (AU)


Objectives. To evaluate the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice, retention rates of the drug and predictors of response. Methods. We performed a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal, open-label study in patients receiving TCZ (8mg/kg/4 weeks) in a clinical practice setting. The clinical responses were evaluated using the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria, and the low activity and remission rates according to the Disease Activity Score 28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI). Results. The EULAR response rate was 86.63% and the DAS28 remission rate was 53.7% after 6 months of treatment; rates of low disease activity were 52.9% on CDAI and 47.1% on DAS28 at month 24. There were no statistically significant differences in EULAR response, rates of low activity and remission on DAS28 between patients receiving TCZ alone and those receiving TCZ in combination therapy, or between patients positive or negative for rheumatoid factor (RF) and/or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies. The naïve biological therapy patients showed better remission and low activity rates after 6 months of treatment. The retention rate was 61% at month 24. Adverse events were among the most frequent causes of discontinuation. Conclusions. Tocilizumab is effective in RA, has a similar efficacy when used alone or in combination with synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and shows high retention rates (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/antagonistas & inibidores , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/administração & dosagem
19.
Reumatol Clin ; 13(2): 78-84, 2017 Mar - Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27174398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice, retention rates of the drug and predictors of response. METHODS: We performed a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal, open-label study in patients receiving TCZ (8mg/kg/4 weeks) in a clinical practice setting. The clinical responses were evaluated using the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria, and the low activity and remission rates according to the Disease Activity Score 28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI). RESULTS: The EULAR response rate was 86.63% and the DAS28 remission rate was 53.7% after 6 months of treatment; rates of low disease activity were 52.9% on CDAI and 47.1% on DAS28 at month 24. There were no statistically significant differences in EULAR response, rates of low activity and remission on DAS28 between patients receiving TCZ alone and those receiving TCZ in combination therapy, or between patients positive or negative for rheumatoid factor (RF) and/or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies. The naïve biological therapy patients showed better remission and low activity rates after 6 months of treatment. The retention rate was 61% at month 24. Adverse events were among the most frequent causes of discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: Tocilizumab is effective in RA, has a similar efficacy when used alone or in combination with synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and shows high retention rates.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 13(5): 264-281, 2017 Sep - Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27321859

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations on the evaluation and management of patients with rheumatic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases during the reproductive age, pregnancy, post-partum and breastfeeding based on the best evidence and experience. METHODS: Recommendations were generated using nominal group and Delphi techniques. An expert panel of 12 rheumatologists was established. A systematic literature review and a narrative review (websites, clinical guidelines and other relevant documentation) were performed and presented to the panel in its 1st meeting to be discussed and to help define recommendations. A first draft of recommendations was generated and circulated for comments and wording refinement. A national survey analyzing different aspects of this topic was undertaken separately, followed by a Delphi process (2 rounds). Agreement with each recommendation was ranked on a scale of 1 (total disagreement) to 10 (total agreement), and was considered to be achieved if at least 70% voted≥7. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were assessed using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. RESULTS: A total of 14 recommendations were generated for the preconception period (oral and hormonal contraception, reproductive techniques), pregnancy (planning, treatment and follow-up), and breastfeeding (treatment and follow-up). High-risk situations such as lupus or antiphospholipid syndrome were included. A consensus>90% was reached for all but one recommendation. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations are intended to provide rheumatologists, patients, families and other stakeholders with a consensus on the evaluation and management of patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases during the reproductive age, pregnancy, postpartum and breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Aleitamento Materno , Cuidado Pós-Natal/métodos , Complicações na Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Doenças Reumáticas , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/terapia , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Espanha
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