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1.
Braz Dent J ; 30(4): 342-349, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340223

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to compare periodontal conditions between intensive care unit (ICU) in-patients and non-ICU patients through clinical and microbiological periodontal parameters. This case-control study included 88 individuals hospitalized in ICU and 176 non-hospitalized controls. All individuals underwent a complete periodontal examination and microbiological sampling. The total bacterial load and counts of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were evaluated using qPCR. Data were analyzed through the Chi-square, Fisher exact, and t-Student tests, and the Spearman correlation, as appropriate. The prevalence of periodontitis was 39.7% among controls and 59.0% among ICU in-patients (OR=2.18; p=0.002). ICU in-patients had a significantly higher occurrence of cardiovascular disease (p=0.002; OR=2.20) and history of periodontal disease (p=0.031; OR=1.92) than controls. Bacterial counts of A. actinomycetemcomitans, T. denticola and P. gingivalis were significantly higher in ICU in-patients with periodontitis than in controls. The correlation between periodontal parameters and microbiological findings among cases and controls showed a significant and positive correlation between: total bacteria load and % of sites with probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm (cases: r=0.22 and controls: r=0.13) and P. gingivalis and % sites with bleeding on probing (BOP) (cases: r=0.22 and controls: r=0.23). Thus, ICU in-patients presented a higher prevalence of periodontitis and worse periodontal condition (higher mean plaque index, BOP, clinical attachment level ≥3 mm, and sites with PD 4 to 6 mm).

2.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 342-349, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011570

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of the present study was to compare periodontal conditions between intensive care unit (ICU) in-patients and non-ICU patients through clinical and microbiological periodontal parameters. This case-control study included 88 individuals hospitalized in ICU and 176 non-hospitalized controls. All individuals underwent a complete periodontal examination and microbiological sampling. The total bacterial load and counts of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were evaluated using qPCR. Data were analyzed through the Chi-square, Fisher exact, and t-Student tests, and the Spearman correlation, as appropriate. The prevalence of periodontitis was 39.7% among controls and 59.0% among ICU in-patients (OR=2.18; p=0.002). ICU in-patients had a significantly higher occurrence of cardiovascular disease (p=0.002; OR=2.20) and history of periodontal disease (p=0.031; OR=1.92) than controls. Bacterial counts of A. actinomycetemcomitans, T. denticola and P. gingivalis were significantly higher in ICU in-patients with periodontitis than in controls. The correlation between periodontal parameters and microbiological findings among cases and controls showed a significant and positive correlation between: total bacteria load and % of sites with probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm (cases: r=0.22 and controls: r=0.13) and P. gingivalis and % sites with bleeding on probing (BOP) (cases: r=0.22 and controls: r=0.23). Thus, ICU in-patients presented a higher prevalence of periodontitis and worse periodontal condition (higher mean plaque index, BOP, clinical attachment level ≥3 mm, and sites with PD 4 to 6 mm).


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as condição periodontais entre pacientes internados em Unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e indivíduos não hospitalizados através de parâmetros periodontais clínicos e microbiológicos. Este estudo caso-controle incluiu 88 indivíduos hospitalizados em UTI e 176 controles não hospitalizados. Todos os indivíduos foram submetidos a um exame periodontal completo e amostragem microbiológica. A carga bacteriana total e as contagens de Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola e Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans foram avaliadas utilizando qPCR. Os dados foram analisados, conforme apropriado, por meio dos testes de Qui-quadrado, Fisher exato, t-Student, Mann-Whitney e correlação de Spearman. A prevalência de periodontite foi de 39,7% entre os controles e de 59,0% entre pacientes internados em UTI (OR=2,18, IC 95%: 1,29-3,68; p=0,002). Pacientes admitidos na UTI apresentram significativamente uma maior ocorrência de doença cardiovascular (p=0,002, OR=2,20) e história de doença periodontal (p=0,031; OR=1,92) do que os controles. As contagens bacterianas de A. actinomycetemcomitans, T. denticola e P. gingivalis foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes em UTI com periodontite do que nos controles. A correlação entre os parâmetros clínicos periodontais e os achados microbiológicos entre casos e controles mostrou correlação significativa e positiva entre: carga bacteriana total e % de sítios com profundidade de sondagem (PS) ≥4 mm (casos: r=0,22 e controles: r=0,13) e P. gingivalis e % de sítios com sangramento à sondagem (SS) (casos: r=0,22 e controles: r=0,23). Pacientes internados na UTI apresentaram maior prevalência de periodontite e pior condição periodontal (maior média de índice de placa, SS, de sítios com nível de inserção clínica ≥ 3mm e PS de 4 a 6 mm) do que os controles.

3.
J Periodontol ; 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospective studies investigating the influence of adjuvants to oral hygiene procedures on the recurrence of periodontitis (RP) during periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT) programs have not been previously reported. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of oral irrigator devices or interdental brushes as adjuncts to toothbrushing associated with dental flossing to improving periodontal condition and reducing RP among individuals under PMT. METHODS: From a 6-year prospective PMT cohort study (n = 268), 142 individuals who attended at least one PMT visit within 12 months were determined to be eligible. According to oral hygiene adjuvants use, they were categorized into three groups: 1) manual brushing/dental flossing + interdental brushes (BDF + Ib; n = 44); 2) manual brushing/dental flossing + oral irrigator (BDF + Oi; n = 36); and 3) only manual brushing/dental flossing (BDF; n = 62). Full-mouth periodontal examination and oral hygiene habits were evaluated at two time points: T1 (after active periodontal therapy) and T2 (6 years). RESULTS: RP was significantly higher among BDF when compared with BDF + Ib and BDF + Oi. The final logistic model in T2 for RP included the following items: manual brushing/dental flossing alone (odds ratio [OR] = 1.94); age > 50 years (OR = 1.98), smoking (OR = 3.51), bleeding on probing >30% sites (OR = 4.10), and the interaction between manual brushing/dental flossing alone and smoking (OR = 6.1). A protective effect on RP was observed in BDF + Oi individuals (OR = 0.52). CONCLUSIONS: BDF + Ib and BDF + Oi individuals presented lower rates of RP and better periodontal condition when compared to BDF individuals. Including these adjuvants to conventional oral hygiene have shown to improve biofilm control during PMT leading to a better periodontal status maintenance.

4.
J Clin Periodontol ; 46(10): 991-998, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336404

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between liver cirrhosis and periodontitis. METHODS: This case-control study included 294 individuals, 98 cases with liver cirrhosis and 196 controls. A full-mouth periodontal examination was performed and plaque index, probing depth, clinical attachment level and bleeding on probing were recorded. The association of risk variables with periodontitis was tested through univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression, stratified by alcohol status. RESULTS: A high prevalence of periodontitis was observed among cases (62.2%) when compared to controls (41.8%). Individuals with cirrhosis presented a chance ~2 higher of having periodontitis than controls (OR = 2.28; 95% CI 1.39-3.78; p < .001). Significant variables associated with periodontitis in the final logistic models were as follows: (a) no/occasional alcohol use model-number of teeth up 14, age ≥45-55 years, male sex and smoking; (b) moderate and intensive alcohol use models-cirrhosis, number of teeth up 14, age ≥45-55 years, male sex and smoking. CONCLUSIONS: An important risk association between liver cirrhosis and periodontitis was observed. Additionally, the intensive alcohol use significantly increased the risk for periodontitis.

5.
J Periodontol ; 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sodium alendronate (ALN) is an aminobisphosphonate and potent inhibitor of bone resorption. It has been suggested that ALN might be a promising carrier of biomolecules for periodontal bone repair. The aim of this randomized split-mouth clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of the topical application of 1% ALN gel in intrabony defects during the surgical treatment of patients with periodontitis. METHODS: Sixty-four intrabony defects from 32 patients with periodontitis were randomly treated with either 1% ALN gel or placebo gel during periodontal surgeries. Full-mouth periodontal examination was performed at baseline and at 3 and 6 months after surgical treatment. Clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded as the clinical outcomes. Bone defects were evaluated by digital subtraction radiography (DSR) at baseline and 6 months post-treatment. Analyses were performed through Fisher, Kruskal-Wallis, and ANOVA tests and a generalized estimation equations method. RESULTS: Both ALN and placebo groups showed significant improvements in BOP, PD, and CAL after periodontal surgical procedures (P < 0.001). Intergroup analysis showed significantly better outcomes in the ALN group with higher PD reduction and clinical attachment gain. DSR showed positive effects on periodontal bone repair strongly associated in the ALN group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Topical application of 1% ALN may be a promising and beneficial adjuvant for the treatment of intrabony defects during surgical periodontal therapy.

6.
J Dent ; 83: 50-55, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of compliance during periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT) in the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) measures, as well as to determine and compare the periodontal condition of acceptable and irregular compliers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From a 6-year prospective cohort study with 268 individuals under PMT, 232 individuals had complete periodontal clinical data and OIDP questionnaires completed between T1 (data was recorded after the first PMT appointment) and T2 (final data at the last PMT appointment), were determined to be eligible. Individuals were divided into two groups: 124 acceptable compliers (AC) and 108 irregular compliers (IC). Full-mouth periodontal examination and questionnaires were evaluated in 2 times, at T1 and T2. RESULTS: At T2, the periodontal status of the AC group was significantly better than the IC group. The IC group also presented with higher OIDP scores (63.31 ± 19.11) compared to the AC group (57.72 ± 15.30, p = 0.005). On analyzing the OIDP dimensions independently, both groups (AC and IC) presented with high scores in the functional, psychological and social performances; however, the impacts were significantly higher in IC group. CONCLUSION: The AC group presented with better periodontal conditions and lower OIDP, compared to the IC group. The discomfort and dissatisfaction with appearance, showed more influence on these daily impacts. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Acceptable compliers showed lower scores of OIDP when compared to erratic ones. Thus, clinicians could take the chance to gain advantage from the positive impacts of acceptable compliance in the OHRQL for subsequent patient-centred motivation during PMT.

7.
J Periodontol ; 90(8): 856-865, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study followed individuals in periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT) over 6 years and longitudinally evaluated the effects of cumulative smoking exposure and duration of smoking cessation on the recurrence of periodontitis. METHODS: From a 6-year follow-up cohort study with 212 individuals in PMT, 142 patients who attended at least one PMT visit within 12 months were determined to be elegible. According to smoking habits they were categorized into three groups: non-smokers (NS; n = 95), former smokers (FS; n = 22), and current smokers (CS; n = 25). Complete periodontal examination and smoking habits were evaluated at two instances: T1 (first time, after active periodontal therapy) and T2 (second time, 6 years). Associations between the recurrence of periodontitis (RP; probing depth ≥4 mm and clinical attachment loss ≥3 mm, together with the presence of bleeding on probing and/or suppuration), smoking status, and potential risk variables were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis, when appropriate. RESULTS: The RP in NS, FS, and CS groups was 44.2%, 68.2%, and 80.0%, respectively. After adjusting for confounders, odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for the RP in T2 was 2.80 (2.11 to 5.14) for FS and 5.97 (3.58 to 9.88) for CS. There was a significant dose-response relationship between pack-years of smoking and the RP, as well as a significant decrease in the risk for the RP as the years of smoking cessation increased. CONCLUSION: During 6 years of PMT, cumulative smoking exposure and shorter time since smoking cessation were significantly associated with the RP.

8.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180316, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of salivary biomarkers IL-1ß, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TG-ß and TNF-α in individuals with diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis in the absence or presence of periodontal and peri-implant maintenance therapy (TMPP) over 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty individuals diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis were divided into two groups: one group that underwent periodontal and peri-implant regularly maintenance therapy, called GTP (n=39), and a second group that received no regular maintenance GNTP (n=41). Each participant underwent a complete periodontal and peri-implant clinical examination. Collection of saliva samples and radiographic examination to evaluate peri-implant bone levels were conducted at two times: initial examination (T1) and after 5 years (T2). The salivary samples were evaluated through ELISA for the following markers: IL-1ß, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TGF and TNF-α. RESULTS: A higher incidence of peri-implantitis was observed in the GNTP group (43.9%) than in the GTP group (18%) (p=0.000). All individuals (n=12) who presented peri-implant mucositis and had resolution at T2 were in the GTP group. After 5 years, there was an increase in the incidence of periodontitis in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group (p=0.001). The results of the study revealed an increase in the salivary concentration of TNF-α in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group. The other salivary biomarkers that were evaluated did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The salivary concentration of TNF-α was increased in individuals with worse periodontal and peri-implant clinical condition and in those with a higher incidence of peri-implantitis, especially in the GNTP group. Longitudinal studies in larger populations are needed to confirm these findings and elucidate the role of this biomarker in peri-implant disease.


Assuntos
Citocinas/análise , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Osteoprotegerina/análise , Periodontite/patologia , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/análise , Saliva/química , Estomatite/patologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Seguimentos , Humanos , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estomatite/diagnóstico
9.
Physiol Behav ; 198: 84-89, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30336228

RESUMO

Socioeconomic status can significantly impact health. To what degree education and other socioeconomic factors influence the chemical sense of olfaction is not clear. Most studies that have assessed such influences come from countries lacking large disparities in education and income and generally view such measures as nuisance variables to be controlled for statistically. In this study, we evaluated the influences of education and income on odor identification in a diverse sample of subjects from Brazil, a society where large disparities in both income and education are present. The 40-item University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) was administered to 1572 healthy Brazilian citizens with no self-reported olfactory or gustatory deficits and for whom detailed socioeconomic and educational status data were obtained. Univariate and multivariate models were employed to examine the influence of socioeconomic status on the test scores. After controlling for age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking behavior, income and educational level were positively and independently related to the olfactory test scores (respective ps < 0.001 & 0.01). Both linear and quadratic functions described the relationship between the UPSIT scores and the levels of education and socioeconomic status. Individuals of lower socioeconomic status performed significantly worse than those of higher socioeconomic status on 20 of the 40 odorant items. This study demonstrates socioeconomic status is significantly associated with influence the ability to identify odors. The degree to which this reflects differential exposures to xenobiotic agents, cultural differences, familiarity with odors or their names, cognitive development, or other factors requires further investigation.

10.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(9): 3517-3526, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally evaluate the effects of compliance during periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT) on cytokines levels and its relation to periodontal status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-one eligible individuals were selected from a 6-year prospective study with 212 individuals in PMT. From this total, 28 regular compliers (RC) were randomly selected and matched for age and gender with 28 irregular compliers (IC). All participants were non-smokers and non-diabetic. Periodontal parameters and gingival crevicular fluid samples were collected in 5 times: T1 [prior to active periodontal therapy (APT)], T2 (after APT), T3 (2 years), T4 (4 years), and T5 (6 years). Levels of IL-6, IL-10, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and MMP-8 were quantified through ELISA. RESULTS: RC presented better clinical periodontal status over time when compared to IC. A significant reduction in the levels of IL-1ß, TNF-α, MMP-8, and IL-6 was observed among RC along time (from T1 to T5). Levels of IL-1 were similar among groups. By contrast, levels of IL-6 and TNF-α increased over time in IC individuals. Levels of IL-10 increased among RC and reduced among IC. CONCLUSIONS: The inflammatory cytokines IL-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and MMP-8 were correlated with worse clinical parameters among IC, while IL-10 was associated with an improvement in clinical parameters among RC. These results reinforce the role of these cytokines in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, as well as their role as markers to monitoring the progression of the periodontitis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Regular compliance during 6-year period the PMT sustained clinical and immunological benefits obtained after active periodontal therapy.

11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180316, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984569

RESUMO

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of salivary biomarkers IL-1β, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TG-β and TNF-α in individuals with diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis in the absence or presence of periodontal and peri-implant maintenance therapy (TMPP) over 5 years. Material and Methods Eighty individuals diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis were divided into two groups: one group that underwent periodontal and peri-implant regularly maintenance therapy, called GTP (n=39), and a second group that received no regular maintenance GNTP (n=41). Each participant underwent a complete periodontal and peri-implant clinical examination. Collection of saliva samples and radiographic examination to evaluate peri-implant bone levels were conducted at two times: initial examination (T1) and after 5 years (T2). The salivary samples were evaluated through ELISA for the following markers: IL-1β, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TGF and TNF-α. Results A higher incidence of peri-implantitis was observed in the GNTP group (43.9%) than in the GTP group (18%) (p=0.000). All individuals (n=12) who presented peri-implant mucositis and had resolution at T2 were in the GTP group. After 5 years, there was an increase in the incidence of periodontitis in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group (p=0.001). The results of the study revealed an increase in the salivary concentration of TNF-α in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group. The other salivary biomarkers that were evaluated did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups. Conclusions The salivary concentration of TNF-α was increased in individuals with worse periodontal and peri-implant clinical condition and in those with a higher incidence of peri-implantitis, especially in the GNTP group. Longitudinal studies in larger populations are needed to confirm these findings and elucidate the role of this biomarker in peri-implant disease.

12.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 39(1): e1-e10, 2019 Jan/Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543722

RESUMO

The objective of this systematic review was to search for scientific evidence regarding the impact of periodontal therapy on serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in type 2 diabetics. A survey was conducted in five databases. Two researchers read titles and abstracts for initial selection and full text for inclusion. Data extraction and methodological quality assessment were performed. Four hundred and fifty-five studies were identified and 15 were included. Significant divergence on the effect of periodontal intervention on IL-6 levels in diabetics was observed among studies. The evaluation results of studies that controlled obesity indicate that periodontal therapy seems to have beneficial effects on IL-6 levels.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Periodontite/sangue , Periodontite/terapia , Humanos
13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Clinical and microbiological longitudinal changes in individuals with peri-implant mucositis (PM) with or without preventive maintenance therapy (PMT) have not been reported, especially in long periods of monitoring. This 5-year follow-up study aimed to assess the clinical and microbiological changes along time in individuals initially diagnosed with PM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty individuals diagnosed with PM (T1) and followed during 5 years (T2) were divided into one group with PMT during the study period (GTP; n = 39) and another group without PMT (GNTP; n = 41). Full-mouth periodontal/peri-implant examinations were performed. Peri-implant microbiological samples were collected and analyzed through qPCR for Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Actinomyces naeslundii at T1 and T2. RESULTS: GNTP presented higher incidence of peri-implantitis than GTP. Moreover, GNTP showed significantly higher total bacterial load and higher frequency of the evaluated orange complex bacteria than GTP. Individuals who progressed to peri-implantitis presented significantly higher total bacterial load and higher frequencies of P. gingivalis, T. denticola, and F. nucleatum. CONCLUSIONS: The absence of regular appointments for PMT was associated with a higher incidence of peri-implantitis and a significant increase in total bacterial load. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Regular visits during PMT positively influenced subgingival microbiota and contributed to peri-implant homeostasis and clinical status stability during a 5-year monitoring period. Compliance with PMT programs should be reinforced among individuals rehabilitated with dental implants.

14.
J Periodontol ; 2018 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between periodontitis and immuno-mediated inflammatory diseases has been widely studied and recognized each more over the past few years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential association between psoriasis and periodontitis, as well as the influence of risk variables in this association. METHODS: This case-control study included 756 individuals, 397 with psoriasis, and 359 controls. A full-mouth periodontal examination was performed, recording therefore plaque index, probing depth, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing. The influence of risk variables was tested by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: A high prevalence of periodontitis was observed among cases (46.1%) when compared to controls (33.1%). Individuals with psoriasis presented a 1.72 higher chance of having periodontitis than controls (OR = 1.72; 95% CI 1.28-2.32; p < 0.001) in the univariate analysis, but with no significance in the multivariate model. The prevalence of periodontitis increased significantly according to the severity of psoriasis [mild form (44.4%); moderate (46.3%); and advanced (47.1%)] when compared to the control group (33.1%). The final multivariate logistic model showed that the number of teeth (OR = 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.14; p = 0.018), smoking (OR = 1.91; 95% CI 1.19-3.07; p = 0.008), and body mass index (OR = 1.13; 95% CI 1.11-1.16; p < 0.001) remained significantly associated with the occurrence of periodontitis. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of periodontitis was higher in individuals with psoriasis than in controls. Severity of psoriasis also presented a strong relationship with all periodontal clinical parameters.

15.
J Dent ; 79: 1-10, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the scientific evidence from observational studies concerning the risk of peri-implantitis development in periodontally-compromised patients. SOURCE: The search was carried out in Medline, via PubMed, and the Cochrane Library up to March 2018. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical studies reporting data on periodontitis and peri-implantitis, with confirmed diagnosis of peri-implantitis based on specific parameters (peri-implant probing depth and peri-implant bleeding on probing) and with evaluations of implants with at least 1 year of function were selected. DATA: Nineteen articles were included; only two did not show any association between periodontitis and peri-implantitis. Quality analysis of the articles revealed a low risk of bias in most of the studies. Meta-analyses by study design on patient data showed that patients with periodontitis had a 2.29 higher risk of peri-implantitis than patients without periodontitis (95%CI: 1.34-3.24). However, the effect estimate was OR 5.15 (95%CI: -3.35; 13.65; I2: 0%, p = 0.887) for cohort studies. A subgroup analysis showed a significant association between peri-implantitis and chronic periodontitis (patient based data: OR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.79-4.00). Meta-analysis by study design on implant data showed that implants in individuals with periodontitis had 2.15 higher chances of having peri-implantitis (95%CI: 1.10; 3.21). However, the effect estimate was OR 3.24 (95%CI: -0.05; 6.53) for cohort studies. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review showed that diagnosis or history of periodontitis was associated with the occurrence of peri-implantitis. However, this association was not observed when only the cohort studies were analyzed. Results should be evaluated with caution due to heterogeneity among the included primary studies. Registration number CRD42015009518. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Peri-implantitis is a prevalent condition and and present an uncertain prognosis. Determining the potential factors associated with peri-implantitis is fundamental for preventive strategies.

16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(9): e00024918, 2018 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281706

RESUMO

Dental mortality has been reported by longitudinal studies on periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT), but the independent effect of smoking on tooth loss (TL), adjusted for important confounding variables, has been poorly evaluated. This systematic review aimed to assess and analyze the isolated effect of smoking TL among individuals undergoing PMT. Electronic, manual, grey literature, and recent articles (from April 2018) were searched, with no restriction regarding language; respective dates of publication were included. Epidemiological clinical studies reporting TL data among smokers undergoing PMT in comparison to nonsmoker control groups were selected. Methodological quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Meta-analysis was performed, as well as I2 heterogeneity and sensitivity tests. Evidence quality was assessed using GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation). Eleven papers were included in the systematic review: four case-control and seven cohort studies. Ten out of the 11 studies concluded that smoking was an important risk factor for the occurrence of TL. Meta-analysis of four of the cohort studies found that smokers had 3.24 times the chance of occurrence of TL than nonsmokers undergoing PMT (95%CI: 1.33-7.90). Overall, studies' risk of bias was low. The quality of the scientific evidence moderately supports that smokers undergoing PMT have a greater chance of TL than nonsmokers.

17.
Oral Dis ; 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30350903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may play an important role in inflammatory response. However, the involvement of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of periodontitis is unclear. The present study aimed to compare the miRNA expression profiles in individuals with chronic (CP) or aggressive (AP) periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen non-smoker individuals (CP = 9 and AP = 9) without any history of systemic diseases or previous periodontal therapies were selected at the Clinics of Periodontology from the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Gingival tissue samples were collected during the initial periodontal therapy. miRNAs were isolated, and expression patterns of 754 miRNAs were assessed with a quantitative miRNA PCR array. miRNAs expression profiles were compared between CP and AP groups. RESULTS: There were no differences observed in the miRNAs expression profiles between CP and AP (p > 0.05). According to the microarray analyses, the most expressed miRNAs in both groups were hsa-miR-1274b, hsa-let-7b-5p, hsa-miR-24-3p, hsa-miR-19b-3p, hsa-miR-720, hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-17-3p and hsa-miR-21-3p. CONCLUSION: Findings suggested no differences in miRNAs expression profiles between chronic and aggressive forms of periodontitis. The overexpression of specific miRNAs could provide insights into the pathogenesis of both forms of the disease.

18.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 47(5): 261-266, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-985724

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Salivary components can be used as biomarkers for diagnosing and monitoring oral diseases. There is evidence that one potential biomarker, arginase, is associated with the inflammatory processes of periodontal disease, and its enzymatic activity is reduced according to the improvement in the clinical parameters after treatment. Objective The present study aimed to evaluate the salivary arginase activity in gingivitis and periodontitis patients treated with full-mouth mechanical procedures combined with the adjunctive use of essential oils or chlorhexidine mouthwash, respectively. Material and method Twenty-six gingivitis and 16 periodontitis patients received complete periodontal examinations at the baseline and 3 months after therapy, in which the periodontal probing depth, clinical attachment loss, plaque index, and gingival index measurements were taken. At these same appointments, the salivary total protein level and salivary arginase activity were also established via spectrophotometry. Result There were improvements in all of the clinical parameters (p < 0.05) evaluated from the baseline to 3 months in both groups. In addition, the salivary arginase activity and total protein levels were reduced after the gingivitis treatment. Conclusion Similar to the clinical results, both therapeutic protocols positively affected the salivary arginase activity; however, further studies are necessary to clarify its potential as a salivary biomarker for periodontal monitoring.


Resumo Introdução Componentes salivares podem ser usados como biomarcadores para diagnóstico e monitoramento de doenças orais. Há evidências de que um potencial biomarcador, arginase, está associado com os processos inflamatórios da doença periodontal, e após o tratamento sua atividade enzimática é reduzida em concordância com a melhora nos parâmetros clínicos. Objetivo O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a atividade da arginase salivar em pacientes com gengivite e periodontite tratados com procedimentos mecânicos em estágio único combinados ao uso coadjuvante de enxaguatórios com óleos essenciais ou clorexidina, respectivamente. Material e método Vinte e seis pacientes com gengivite e 16 pacientes com periodontite receberam exame periodontal completo antes e 3 meses após a terapia, em que mensurações de profundidade de sondagem, perda de inserção clínica, índice de placa e índice gengival foram realizadas. Nestas mesmas consultas os níveis de proteína total e a atividade de arginase salivar foram estabelecidos via espectrofotometria. Resultado Todos os parâmetros clínicos melhoraram, em ambos os grupos, do exame inicial para o de 3 meses (p < 0,05). Adicionalmente, após tratamento para gengivite houve redução da atividade de arginase salivar e do nível de proteína total. Conclusão Semelhante aos resultados clínicos, ambos os protocolos terapêuticos afetaram positivamente a atividade da arginase salivar; entretanto, estudos futuros são necessários para clarificar seu potencial como biomarcador salivar para o monitoramento periodontal.

19.
Braz Dent J ; 29(3): 301-308, 2018 May-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972458

RESUMO

There are few studies on the clinical and immunological periodontal status of intensive care unit (ICU) in-patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the periodontal condition among ICU in-patients through clinical and immunological periodontal parameters. From the sample of 373 hospitalized ICU patients, 182 were submitted' to a thorough clinical periodontal and immunological evaluation. Data on bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were collected and gingival sulcular fluid samples were quantified through ELISA on IL-1, IL-6, and MMP-2 for immunological evaluation. Data was statistically analyzed by Chi-square, Fisher's exact, Mann-Whitney tests, and Sperman's correlation and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A high dental plaque index and a high prevalence of periodontitis (48.3%), mostly in moderate and localized chronic form, were observed. Individuals with periodontitis presented higher levels of IL-1 and MMP-2, while individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and individuals with two or more systemic diseases (MSD) presented higher levels of IL-1; diabetes mellitus (DM) and MSD individuals presented higher levels of IL-6. A positive association was found between the severity of periodontitis and CVD (OR 2.2; CI = 1.11-4.42). This study reported a 48.3% of the prevalence of periodontitis in ICU patients and a positive association between the severity of periodontitis and CVD. Additionally, higher levels of IL-1 and MMP-2 were found in individuals with periodontitis, higher levels of IL-6 were found in individuals with DM, and higher levels of IL-1 were found in individuals with CVD.

20.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 301-308, May-June 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-951549

RESUMO

Abstract There are few studies on the clinical and immunological periodontal status of intensive care unit (ICU) in-patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the periodontal condition among ICU in-patients through clinical and immunological periodontal parameters. From the sample of 373 hospitalized ICU patients, 182 were submitted' to a thorough clinical periodontal and immunological evaluation. Data on bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were collected and gingival sulcular fluid samples were quantified through ELISA on IL-1, IL-6, and MMP-2 for immunological evaluation. Data was statistically analyzed by Chi-square, Fisher's exact, Mann-Whitney tests, and Sperman's correlation and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A high dental plaque index and a high prevalence of periodontitis (48.3%), mostly in moderate and localized chronic form, were observed. Individuals with periodontitis presented higher levels of IL-1 and MMP-2, while individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and individuals with two or more systemic diseases (MSD) presented higher levels of IL-1; diabetes mellitus (DM) and MSD individuals presented higher levels of IL-6. A positive association was found between the severity of periodontitis and CVD (OR 2.2; CI = 1.11-4.42). This study reported a 48.3% of the prevalence of periodontitis in ICU patients and a positive association between the severity of periodontitis and CVD. Additionally, higher levels of IL-1 and MMP-2 were found in individuals with periodontitis, higher levels of IL-6 were found in individuals with DM, and higher levels of IL-1 were found in individuals with CVD.


Resumo Existem poucos estudos sobre o estado clínico periodontal e imunológico de pacientes em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a condição periodontal entre os pacientes internados na UTI através de parâmetros clínicos periodontais e imunológicos. De uma amostra inicial de 373 pacientes internados em UTI, 183 foram submetidos a exame periodontal completo e análise imunológica. Os dados sobre o sangramento na sondagem (BOP), profundidade de sondagem (PD) e nível clínico de inserção (CAL) foram coletados e as amostras de fluido sulcular gengival foram quantificadas para avaliação imunológica através de ELISA para IL-1, IL-6 e MMP-2. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de Qui-quadrado, exato de Fischer, Mann-Whitney, correlação de Sperman e análise de regressão logística multivariada. Foi observado um alto índice de placa dental e uma alta prevalência de periodontite (48,3%), principalmente na forma crônica moderada e localizada. Os indivíduos com periodontite apresentaram níveis mais altos de IL-1 e MMP-2, enquanto indivíduos com doença cardiovascular (CVD) e com mais de duas doenças sistêmicas (MSD) apresentaram níveis mais altos de IL-1 e os com diabetes mellitus (DM) e MSD apresentaram níveis mais elevados de IL-6. Foi encontrada associação positiva entre a gravidade da periodontite e CVD (OR 2.2; IC = 1,11-4,42). Este estudo reportou uma prevalência de periodontite em 48.3% dos pacientes em UTI e uma associação positiva entre ocorrência de periodontite e CVD. Além disso, níveis mais elevados de IL-1 e MMP-2 foram encontrados em indivíduos com periodontite, de IL-6 em indivíduos com DM e de IL-1 em indivíduos com CVD.

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