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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17289, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593081

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic condition characterized by chronic pain, fatigue and loss of function which significantly impairs quality of life. Although treatment of FM remains disputed, some studies point at the efficacy of interdisciplinary therapy. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness, cost-utility and benefits of a multicomponent therapy on quality of life (main variable), functional impact, mood and pain in people suffering from FM that attend primary care centers (PCCs) of the Catalan Institute of Health (ICS). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A 2-phase, mixed methods study has been designed following Medical Research Council guidance. Phase 1: Pragmatic randomized clinical trial with patients diagnosed with FM that attend one of the 11 PCCs of the ICS Gerència Territorial Terres de l'Ebre. We estimate a total sample of 336 patients. The control group will receive usual clinical care, while the multicomponent therapy group (MT group) will receive usual clinical care plus group therapy (consisting of health education, exercise and cognitive-behavioural therapy) during 12 weeks in 2-hourly weekly sessions. ANALYSIS: the standardized mean response and the standardized effect size will be assessed at 3, 9, and 15 months after the beginning of the study using multiple linear regression models. Utility measurements will be used for the economic analysis. Phase 2: Qualitative socio constructivist study to evaluate the intervention according to the results obtained and the opinions and experiences of participants (patients and professionals). We will use theoretical sampling, with 2 discussion groups of participants in the multicomponent therapy and 2 discussion groups of professionals of different PCCs. A thematic content analysis will be carried out. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study protocol has been approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l'Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (code P18/068). Articles will be published in international, peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical-Trials.gov: NCT04049006.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Fibromialgia/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/economia , Terapia Combinada , Análise Custo-Benefício , Terapia por Exercício/economia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fibromialgia/economia , Fibromialgia/psicologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Cooperação do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/economia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
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