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2.
Virchows Arch ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975037

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) shows a clinical aggressiveness that varies from patient to patient. Despite major advances in outcomes with current immunochemotherapy, the future development of therapies requires risk stratification to tailor therapy intensity. Within the group of reference pathologists for the ongoing trials of the European MCL Network, we performed a round robin test on a tissue microarray to evaluate the reproducibility in assessing the biomarkers of outcome in MCL. Cytological subtype, Ki67-index and expression of p53 and SOX11 were evaluated on 20 diagnostic tumour samples by eight participating labs independently. We demonstrate that the assessment of the proliferation index by counting the Ki67 positive cells as well as assessment of SOX11 and p53 expression status is reproducible between labs. For the most established prognostic biomarker, Ki67, the intra-class correlation coefficient was very good when assessed as a continuous parameter (0.87). The agreement was lower when the values were analysed in a dichotomized way applying the commonly used cutoff of 30% (kappa = 0.65, complete concordance of all labs in 13/20 (65%)). Cases with discrepant results between labs in the dichotomized analysis showed mean values close to the cutoff of 30%. Centralised scoring and digital image analysis revealed results in line with the scores from individual labs. All cases in our cohort were additionally assessed for gene expression signatures and of TP53 gene alterations. Given the good reproducibility when guidelines of assessment are applied, the biomarker studied in this inter-laboratory test presents potential candidates to be enhanced for risk-stratification in the future clinical trials.

4.
Endocrine ; 66(2): 288-300, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368081

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is among the most aggressive and unresectable tumors, presenting a bad prognosis. A better comprehension of the functional and molecular mechanisms behind the aggressiveness of this cancer, as well as new biomarkers for aggressiveness, prognosis, and response to therapy are required. However, owing to their irresectability, ATC tissue is not always accessible. Here we describe the establishment and characterization of a new patient-derived cell line, obtained from an unresectable ATC through fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). METHODS: The morphology, expression of epithelial and thyroid markers, cytogenetic, mutational and gene expression profiles, doubling time, and drug-resistance profile of the new cell line, designated C3948, were investigated using several methodologies: immunostaining, karyotype analysis, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), next-generation sequencing (NGS), Sanger sequencing, gene expression microarrays, cell counting, and IC50 determination. RESULTS: Results indicate that C3948 cell line has a histological phenotype representative of original ATC cells and a completely aberrant karyotype with many chromosomal losses and gains; harbors mutated TP53, STK11, and DIS3L2 genes; presents a gene expression profile similar to C643 ATC commercial cell line, but with some unique alterations; has a doubling time similar to C643; and the IC50 profile for paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cisplatin is similar to C643, although higher for cisplatin. CONCLUSIONS: These observations are consistent with a typical ATC cell profile, supporting C3948 cell line as a novel preclinical model, and FNAC as a useful approach to better study anaplastic thyroid cancer, including testing of new anticancer therapies.

5.
Eur J Case Rep Intern Med ; 6(4): 001089, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31139586

RESUMO

Cutaneous metastasis from a carcinoma is a relatively uncommon phenomenon. Prompt diagnosis is crucial, as it will have future implications, particularly regarding prognosis and treatment. Skin metastases can be suspected and recognized earlier through physical examination than metastases in other organs or systems. However, they can be a diagnostic challenge due to the variable clinical presentation. This case highlights the importance of having a high index of suspicion for cutaneous metastases, especially in patients with a previous history of cancer. LEARNING POINTS: Cutaneous metastases occur in approximately 0.7-10% of patients with invasive carcinomas and, when present, usually indicate an unfavourable outcome.Clinically, cutaneous metastasis can pose a diagnostic challenge and a high index of suspicion is mandatory for a prompt diagnosis.Skin biopsy of such lesions is important to confirm the diagnosis and, in the right clinical scenario, they can provide information on the primary origin of the tumour.

6.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(14): 1188-1199, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma typically respond well to first-line immunochemotherapy. At relapse, single-agent rituximab is commonly administered. Data suggest the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide could increase the activity of rituximab. METHODS: A phase III, multicenter, randomized trial of lenalidomide plus rituximab versus placebo plus rituximab was conducted in patients with relapsed and/or refractory follicular or marginal zone lymphoma. Patients received lenalidomide or placebo for 12 cycles plus rituximab once per week for 4 weeks in cycle 1 and day 1 of cycles 2 through 5. The primary end point was progression-free survival per independent radiology review. RESULTS: A total of 358 patients were randomly assigned to lenalidomide plus rituximab (n = 178) or placebo plus rituximab (n = 180). Infections (63% v 49%), neutropenia (58% v 23%), and cutaneous reactions (32% v 12%) were more common with lenalidomide plus rituximab. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (50% v 13%) and leukopenia (7% v 2%) were higher with lenalidomide plus rituximab; no other grade 3 or 4 adverse event differed by 5% or more between groups. Progression-free survival was significantly improved for lenalidomide plus rituximab versus placebo plus rituximab, with a hazard ratio of 0.46 (95% CI, 0.34 to 0.62; P < .001) and median duration of 39.4 months (95% CI, 22.9 months to not reached) versus 14.1 months (95% CI, 11.4 to 16.7 months), respectively. CONCLUSION: Lenalidomide improved efficacy of rituximab in patients with recurrent indolent lymphoma, with an acceptable safety profile.

7.
Virchows Arch ; 474(6): 649-665, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30778677

RESUMO

The field of haematopathology is rapidly evolving and for the non-specialized pathologist receiving a specimen with the possibility of a lymphoid malignancy may be a daunting experience. The coincidence of the publication, in 2017, of the WHO monographies on head and neck and haematopoietic and lymphoid tumours prompted us to write this review. Although not substantially different from lymphomas elsewhere, lymphomas presenting in this region pose some specific problems and these are central to the review. In addition, differences in subtype frequency and morphological variations within the same entity are discussed. The difficulty in diagnosis related to some specimens led us to briefly mention common subtypes of systemic lymphomas presenting in the head and neck region.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Linfoma/patologia , Gradação de Tumores , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Plasmócitos/patologia
8.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 43(3): 341-351, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540571

RESUMO

Gray-zone lymphoma (GZL) with features intermediate between classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) was introduced as a provisional entity into the World Health Organization classification in 2008. However, as diagnostic criteria are imprecise, reliable identification of GZL cases remains challenging. Here, we describe the histopathologic features of 139 GZL cases from a retrospective Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) study with the goal to improve classification accuracy. Inclusion criteria were based on literature review and an expert consensus opinion of the LYSA hematopathologist panel. We observed 86 cases with a morphology more closely related to cHL, but with an LBCL immunophenotype based on strong and homogenous B-cell marker expression (CD20 and/or CD79a, OCT2, BOB1, PAX5) on all tumor cells (cHL-like GZL). Fifty-three cases were morphologically more closely related to LBCL but harbored a cHL immunophenotype (LBCL-like GZL). Importantly, we observed a continuous morphologic and immunophenotypic spectrum within these 2 GZL categories. The majority of cases presented genetic immune escape features with CD274/PDCD1LG2 and/or CIITA structural variants by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Patients without mediastinal involvement at diagnosis (17%) were older than those with mediastinal tumors (median: 56 vs. 39 y). Cases associated with Epstein-Barr virus (24%) presented with similar patient characteristics and outcome as Epstein-Barr virus negative cases. In summary, we provide refined diagnostic criteria that contribute to a more precise pathologic and clinical characterization of GZL within a broad spectrum from cHL-like to LBCL-like disease.


Assuntos
Linfoma/classificação , Linfoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(9): e403-e410, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30172345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunochemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) is a standard front-line treatment for follicular lymphoma. The combination of lenalidomide and rituximab has shown high efficacy in relapsed or refractory and untreated follicular lymphoma. We aimed to evaluate the safety and activity of the combination of lenalidomide and R-CHOP (R2-CHOP) in previously untreated patients with high burden follicular lymphoma. METHODS: This single-arm, open-label, multicentre, phase 2 trial was done in 16 hospitals in France, all of which were Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) sites. Eligible patients were aged 18-70 years and had previously untreated CD20-positive follicular lymphoma of grade 1, 2, or 3a; at least one high tumour burden criterion according to Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Folliculaires criteria; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less; and a minimum life expectancy of more than 3 months. Patients received induction therapy with six cycles of R2-CHOP every 3 weeks (one cycle involved standard R-CHOP on days 1-5, and 25 mg oral lenalidomide per day on days 1-14), followed by two rituximab infusions at 3-week intervals. The total treatment schedule was 24 weeks. Patients who achieved a complete or partial response to induction therapy received maintenance therapy consisting of one rituximab infusion every 8 weeks for 2 years. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who achieved a complete response (complete response and complete response unconfirmed), according to International Workshop to Standardize Response Criteria, at the end of induction treatment. Safety was assessed in all patients who completed treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01393756, and is closed to accrual. FINDINGS: Between Dec 21, 2010, and Jan 25, 2012, 80 patients were enrolled, and 68 (85%) completed six cycles of R2-CHOP. At the end of the induction phase, 59 patients achieved a complete response (74%, 95% CI 63-83). 55 patients achieved a complete response at 30 months from enrolment (69%, 57-78). The most frequent adverse event was grade 4 neutropenia in 52 (65%) patients. The most frequent non-haematological side-effects included grade 1-2 sensory neuropathy in 28 (35%) patients and grade 1-2 transient rash in 27 (34%) patients. Four patients died during the study period; none of these deaths were judged to be related to treatment. INTERPRETATIONS: Lenalidomide in combination with R-CHOP had an acceptable safety profile and showed anti-cancer activity in patients with previously untreated high burden follicular lymphoma. A future comparative study showing evidence of a survival advantage would be necessary for this combination to be proposed as a treatment for follicular lymphoma. FUNDING: French Ministry of Health, Celgene Corporation, and Amgen France.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
10.
Biomaterials ; 163: 185-197, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29477032

RESUMO

The tumour microenvironment (TME) shapes disease progression and influences therapeutic response. Most aggressive solid tumours have high levels of myeloid cell infiltration, namely tumour associated macrophages (TAM). Recapitulation of the interaction between the different cellular players of the TME, along with the extracellular matrix (ECM), is critical for understanding the mechanisms underlying disease progression. This particularly holds true for prediction of therapeutic response(s) to standard therapies and interrogation of efficacy of TME-targeting agents. In this work, we explored a culture platform based on alginate microencapsulation and stirred culture systems to develop the 3D-3-culture, which entails the co-culture of tumour cell spheroids of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF) and monocytes. We demonstrate that the 3D-3-culture recreates an invasive and immunosuppressive TME, with accumulation of cytokines/chemokines (IL4, IL10, IL13, CCL22, CCL24, CXCL1), ECM elements (collagen type I, IV and fibronectin) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP1/9), supporting cell migration and promoting cell-cell interactions within the alginate microcapsules. Importantly, we show that both the monocytic cell line THP-1 and peripheral blood-derived monocytes infiltrate the tumour tissue and transpolarize into an M2-like macrophage phenotype expressing CD68, CD163 and CD206, resembling the TAM phenotype in NSCLC. The 3D-3-culture was challenged with chemo- and immunotherapeutic agents and the response to therapy was assessed in each cellular component. Specifically, the macrophage phenotype was modulated upon treatment with the CSF1R inhibitor BLZ945, resulting in a decrease of the M2-like macrophages. In conclusion, the crosstalk between the ECM and tumour, stromal and immune cells in microencapsulated 3D-3-culture promotes the activation of monocytes into TAM, mimicking aggressive tumour stages. The 3D-3-culture constitutes a novel tool to study tumour-immune interaction and macrophage plasticity in response to external stimuli, such as chemotherapeutic and immunomodulatory drugs.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Comunicação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Plasticidade Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Humanos , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/citologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/fisiologia , Células Mieloides , Invasividade Neoplásica , Esferoides Celulares/citologia , Esferoides Celulares/fisiologia , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Am J Dermatopathol ; 40(4): 286-290, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28937430

RESUMO

Richter syndrome represents the transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma into an aggressive large B-cell lymphoma. Skin involvement is exceptionally rare, with <20 cases reported and its presence as the first presentation of CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma, as an isolated skin lesion has never been described. Primary cutaneous CD4-positive small/medium T-cell lymphoma (CD4 PCSM-TCL) characteristically presents with a dense dermal infiltrate consisting primarily of small-/medium-sized pleomorphic T-cells and less than 30% large pleomorphic cells. A polymorphous reactive infiltrate composed of B-cells, histiocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils is also found in differing proportions. Because of these morphological characteristics, the differential diagnosis includes not only other forms of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas but also B-cell lymphomas and reactive lymphoid infiltrates. We report a case of a cutaneous Richter syndrome as the initial manifestation of CLL, mimicking CD4 PCSM-TCL, in a 65-year-old apparently healthy asymptomatic man who presented with a solitary nodule in his arm. The objective of this study is to draw attention to this potential pitfall and describe this rare presentation.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Idoso , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T , Masculino , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
12.
Br J Haematol ; 180(2): 224-235, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29193019

RESUMO

In the mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)-002 study, lenalidomide demonstrated significantly improved median progression-free survival (PFS) compared with investigator's choice (IC) in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL. Here we present the long-term follow-up data and results of preplanned subgroup exploratory analyses from MCL-002 to evaluate the potential impact of demographic factors, baseline clinical characteristics and prior therapies on PFS. In MCL-002, patients with relapsed/refractory MCL were randomized 2:1 to receive lenalidomide (25 mg/day orally on days 1-21; 28-day cycles) or single-agent IC therapy (rituximab, gemcitabine, fludarabine, chlorambucil or cytarabine). The intent-to-treat population comprised 254 patients (lenalidomide, n = 170; IC, n = 84). Subgroup analyses of PFS favoured lenalidomide over IC across most characteristics, including risk factors, such as high MCL International Prognostic Index score, age ≥65 years, high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), stage III/IV disease, high tumour burden, and refractoriness to last prior therapy. By multivariate Cox regression analysis, factors associated with significantly longer PFS (other than lenalidomide treatment) included normal LDH levels (P < 0·001), nonbulky disease (P = 0·045), <3 prior antilymphoma treatments (P = 0·005), and ≥6 months since last prior treatment (P = 0·032). Overall, lenalidomide improved PFS versus single-agent IC therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL, irrespective of many demographic factors, disease characteristics and prior treatment history.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Retratamento , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Oncotarget ; 8(47): 82803-82823, 2017 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29137304

RESUMO

Dysregulation of glucose/lactate dynamics plays a role in cancer progression, and MCTs are key elements in metabolic remodeling. VEGF is a relevant growth factor in the maintenance of bone marrow microenvironment and it is also important in hematological diseases. Our aim was to investigate the role of VEGF in the metabolic adaptation of Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells by evaluating the metabolic profiles and cell features according to the AML lineage and testing lactate as a metabolic coin. Our in vitro results showed that AML promyelocytic (HL60) and monocytic (THP1) (but not erythroid- HEL) lineages are well adapted to VEGF and lactate rich environment. Their metabolic adaptation relies on high rates of glycolysis to generate intermediates for PPP to support cell proliferation, and on the consumption of glycolysis-generated lactate to supply biomass and energy production. VEGF orchestrates this metabolic network by regulating MCT1 expression. Bromopyruvic acid (BPA) was proven to be an effective cytotoxic in AML, possibly transported by MCT1. Our study reinforces that targeting metabolism can be a good strategy to fight cancer. MCT1 expression at the time of diagnosis can assist on the identification of AML patients that will benefit from BPA therapy. Additionally, MCT1 can be used in targeted delivery of conventional cytotoxic drugs.

14.
Blood ; 130(3): 323-327, 2017 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533310

RESUMO

Pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) is a B-cell lymphoma with distinctive clinicopathological features. Recently, recurrent genetic alterations of potential importance for its pathogenesis that disrupt pathways associated with the germinal center reaction (TNFRSF14, IRF8), immune escape (TNFRSF14), and anti-apoptosis (MAP2K1) have been described. In an attempt to shed more light onto the pathogenesis of PTFL, an integrative analysis of these mutations was undertaken in a large cohort of 43 cases previously characterized by targeted next-generation sequencing and copy number array. Mutations in MAP2K1 were found in 49% (20/41) of the cases, second in frequency to TNFRSF14 alterations (22/41; 54%), and all together were present in 81% of the cases. Immunohistochemical analysis of the MAP2K1 downstream target extracellular signal-regulated kinase demonstrated its phosphorylation in the evaluable cases and revealed a good correlation with the allelic frequency of the MAP2K1 mutation. The IRF8 p.K66R mutation was present in 15% (6/39) of the cases and was concomitant with TNFRSF14 mutations in 4 cases. This hot spot seems to be highly characteristic for PTFL. In conclusion, TNFRSF14 and MAP2K1 mutations are the most frequent genetic alterations found in PTFL and occur independently in most cases, suggesting that both mutations might play an important role in PTFL lymphomagenesis.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Linfoma Folicular/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Alelos , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Criança , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/metabolismo , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Mutação , Fosforilação , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo
15.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(22): 2473-2481, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28426350

RESUMO

Purpose The standard treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, has shown activity in DLBCL. This randomized phase III trial compared lenalidomide as maintenance therapy with placebo in elderly patients with DLBCL who achieved a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) to R-CHOP induction. Methods Patients with previously untreated DLBCL or other aggressive B-cell lymphoma were 60 to 80 years old, had CR or PR after six or eight cycles of R-CHOP, and were randomly assigned to lenalidomide maintenance 25 mg/d or placebo for 21 days of every 28-day cycle for 24 months. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results A total of 650 patients were randomly assigned. At the time of the primary analysis (December 2015), with a median follow-up of 39 months from random assignment, median PFS was not reached for lenalidomide maintenance versus 58.9 months for placebo (hazard ratio, 0.708; 95% CI, 0.537 to 0.933; P = .01). The result was consistent among analyzed subgroups (eg, male v female, age-adjusted International Prognostic Index 0 or 1 v 2 or 3, age younger than 70 v ≥ 70 years), response (PR v CR) after R-CHOP, and positron emission tomography status at assignment (negative v positive). With longer median follow-up of 52 months (October 2016), overall survival was similar between arms (hazard ratio, 1.218; 95% CI, 0.861 to 1.721; P = .26). Most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events associated with lenalidomide versus placebo maintenance were neutropenia (56% v 22%) and cutaneous reactions (5% v 1%), respectively. Conclusion Lenalidomide maintenance for 24 months after obtaining a CR or PR to R-CHOP significantly prolonged PFS in elderly patients with DLBCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Erupção por Droga/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lenalidomida , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
16.
Oncotarget ; 8(10): 16463-16472, 2017 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28145886

RESUMO

Follicular dendritic cell (FDC)-sarcoma is a rare neoplasm with morphologic and phenotypic features of FDCs. It shows an extremely heterogeneous morphology, therefore, its diagnosis relys on the phenotype of tumor cells. Aim of the present study was the identification of new specific markers for FDC-sarcoma by whole transcriptome sequencing (WTS). Candidate markers were selected based on gene expression level and biological function. Immunohistochemistry was performed on reactive tonsils, on 22 cases of FDC-sarcomas and 214 control cases including 114 carcinomas, 87 soft tissue tumors, 5 melanomas, 5 thymomas and 3 interdigitating dendritic cell sarcomas. FDC secreted protein (FDCSP) and Serglycin (SRGN) proved to be specific markers of FDC and related tumor. They showed better specificity and sensitivity values than some well known markers used in FDC sarcoma diagnosis (specificity: 98.6%, and 100%, respectively; sensitivity: 72.73% and 68.18%, respectively). In our cohorts CXCL13, CD21, CD35, FDCSP and SRGN were the best markers for FDC-sarcoma diagnosis and could discriminate 21/22 FDC sarcomas from other mesenchymal tumors by linear discriminant analysis. In summary, by WTS we identified two novel FDC markers and by the analysis of a wide cohort of cases and controls we propose an efficient marker panel for the diagnosis of this rare and enigmatic tumor.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/genética , Proteínas/genética , Proteoglicanas/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/metabolismo , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Transcriptoma , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo
17.
Mol Cancer Res ; 15(5): 541-552, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28130401

RESUMO

Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcomas are rare mesenchymal tumors with variable clinical, morphologic, and phenotypic characteristics. Transcriptome analysis was performed on multiple FDC sarcomas and compared with other mesenchymal tumors, microdissected Castleman FDCs, and normal fibroblasts. Using unsupervised analysis, FDC sarcomas clustered with microdissected FDCs, distinct from other mesenchymal tumors and fibroblasts. The specific endowment of FDC-related gene expression programs in FDC sarcomas emerged by applying a gene signature of differentially expressed genes (n = 1,289) between microdissected FDCs and fibroblasts. Supervised analysis comparing FDC sarcomas with microdissected FDCs and other mesenchymal tumors identified 370 and 2,927 differentially expressed transcripts, respectively, and on the basis of pathway enrichment analysis ascribed to signal transduction, chromatin organization, and extracellular matrix organization programs. As the transcriptome of FDC sarcomas retained similarity with FDCs, the immune landscape of FDC sarcoma was investigated by applying the CIBERSORT algorithm to FDC sarcomas and non-FDC mesenchymal tumors and demonstrated that FDC sarcomas were enriched in T follicular helper (TFH) and T regulatory (TREG) cell populations, as confirmed in situ by immunohistochemistry. The enrichment in specific T-cell subsets prompted investigating the mRNA expression of the inhibitory immune receptor PD-1 and its ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2, which were found to be significantly upregulated in FDC sarcomas as compared with other mesenchymal tumors, a finding also confirmed in situ Here, it is demonstrated for the first time the transcriptional relationship of FDC sarcomas with nonmalignant FDCs and their distinction from other mesenchymal tumors.Implications: The current study provides evidence of a peculiar immune microenvironment associated with FDC sarcomas that may have clinical utility. Mol Cancer Res; 15(5); 541-52. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/genética , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/imunologia , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/patologia , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/patologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteína 2 Ligante de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima
19.
Eur J Cancer ; 64: 159-66, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27423414

RESUMO

Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcomas are rare mesenchymal tumours, which are fatal in 20% of the patients and usually occur in secondary lymphoid organs or extranodal localizations. Due to the rareness of these tumours, only few studies have been conducted on molecular level. In the present study, we performed microRNA (miRNA) profiling of 31 FDC sarcomas and identified two subgroups, one with high miRNA expression and the other group with low miRNA expression levels. The first group showed a strong similarity to fibroblasts and myopericytomas, whereas the second group was more closely related to FDCs from Castleman's disease. Both groups showed important differences compared with myeloid-derived dendritic cells, confirming mesenchymal origin of FDCs and their derived sarcomas. The two FDC sarcoma groups did not differ on morphological grounds, mitotic activity or BRAF mutation status. However, patients of group I presented a tendency to a shorter overall survival and more frequent podoplanin expression by immunohistochemistry. The importance of these newly recognized FDC sarcoma subgroups in terms of clinical behaviour and therapeutic implications should be assessed in a larger cohort in future studies.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/metabolismo , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas Foliculares/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/genética , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/patologia , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/genética , Sarcoma de Células Dendríticas Foliculares/patologia , Células Dendríticas Foliculares/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
20.
Blood ; 128(8): 1101-11, 2016 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27257180

RESUMO

Pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) is a variant of follicular lymphoma (FL) with distinctive clinicopathological features. Patients are predominantly young males presenting with localized lymphadenopathy; the tumor shows high-grade cytology and lacks both BCL2 expression and t(14;18) translocation. The genetic alterations involved in the pathogenesis of PTFL are unknown. Therefore, 42 PTFL (40 males and 2 females; mean age, 16 years; range, 5-31) were genetically characterized. For comparison, 11 cases of conventional t(14:18)(-) FL in adults were investigated. Morphologically, PTFL cases had follicular growth pattern without diffuse areas and characteristic immunophenotype. All cases showed monoclonal immunoglobulin (IG) rearrangement. PTFL displays low genomic complexity when compared with t(14;18)(-) FL (mean, 0.77 vs 9 copy number alterations per case; P <001). Both groups presented 1p36 alterations including TNFRSF14, but copy-number neutral loss of heterozygosity (CNN-LOH) of this locus was more frequently observed in PTFL (40% vs 9%; P =075). TNFRSF14 was the most frequently affected gene in PTFL (21 mutations and 2 deletions), identified in 54% of cases, followed by KMT2D mutations in 16%. Other histone-modifying genes were rarely affected. In contrast, t(14;18)(-) FL displayed a mutational profile similar to t(14;18)(+) FL. In 8 PTFL cases (19%), no genetic alterations were identified beyond IG monoclonal rearrangement. The genetic landscape of PTFL suggests that TNFRSF14 mutations accompanied by CNN-LOH of the 1p36 locus in over 70% of mutated cases, as additional selection mechanism, might play a key role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The genetic profiles of PTFL and t(14;18)(-) FL in adults indicate that these are two different disorders.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Mutação/genética , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18/genética , Células Clonais , Análise Citogenética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Perda de Heterozigosidade/genética , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pseudolinfoma , Translocação Genética , Adulto Jovem
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