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1.
Planta ; 254(3): 50, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386845

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Overexpression of the leaf color (Lc) gene in Ma bamboo substantially increased the accumulation level of anthocyanin, and improved plant tolerance to cold and drought stresses, probably due to the increased antioxidant capacity. Most bamboos, including Ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro), are naturally evergreen and sensitive to cold and drought stresses, while it's nearly impossible to make improvements through conventual breeding due to their long and irregular flowering habit. Moreover, few studies have reported bamboo germplasm innovation through genetic engineering as bamboo genetic transformation remains difficult. In this study, we have upregulated anthocyanin biosynthesis in Ma bamboo, to generate non-green Ma bamboo with increased abiotic stress tolerance. By overexpressing the maize Lc gene, a bHLH transcription activator involved in the anthocyanin biosynthesis in Ma bamboo, we generated purple bamboos with increased anthocyanin levels including cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside, peonidin 3-O-rutinoside, and an unknown cyanidin pentaglycoside derivative. The expression levels of 9 anthocyanin biosynthesis genes were up-regulated. Overexpression of the Lc gene improved the plant tolerance to cold and drought stress, probably due to increased antioxidant capacity. The levels of the cold- and drought-related phytohormone jasmonic acid in the transgenic plants were also enhanced, which may also contribute to the plant stress-tolerant phenotypes. High anthocyanin accumulation level did not affect plant growth. Transcriptomic analysis showed higher expressions of genes involved in the flavonoid pathway in Lc transgenic bamboos compared with those in wild-type ones. The anthocyanin-rich bamboos generated here provide an example of ornamental and multiple agronomic trait improvements by genetic engineering in this important grass species.


Assuntos
Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Antocianinas , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo
2.
Plant J ; 107(5): 1513-1532, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181801

RESUMO

De novo shoot organogenesis is an important biotechnological tool for fundamental studies in plant. However, it is difficult in most bamboo species, and the genetic control of this highly dynamic and complicated regeneration process remains unclear. In this study, based on an in-depth analysis at the cellular level, the shoot organogenesis from calli of Ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro) was divided into five stages. Subsequently, single-molecule long-read isoform sequencing of tissue samples pooled from all five stages was performed to generate a full-length transcript landscape. A total of 83 971 transcripts, including 73 209 high-quality full-length transcripts, were captured, which served as an annotation reference for the subsequent RNA sequencing analysis. Time-course transcriptome analysis of samples at the abovementioned five stages was conducted to investigate the global gene expression atlas showing genome-wide expression of transcripts during the course of bamboo shoot organogenesis. K-means clustering analysis and stage-specific transcript identification revealed important dynamically expressed transcription regulators that function in bamboo shoot organogenesis. The majority of abiotic stress-responsive genes altered their expression levels during this process, and further experiments demonstrated that exogenous application of moderate but not severe abiotic stress increased the shoot regeneration efficiency. In summary, our study provides an overview of the genetic flow dynamics during bamboo shoot organogenesis. Full-length cDNA sequences generated in this study can serve as a valuable resource for fundamental and applied research in bamboo in the future.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 560985, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281837

RESUMO

With the development of sequencing technology, the availability of genome data is rapidly increasing, while functional annotation of genes largely lags behind. In Arabidopsis, the functions of nearly half of the proteins are unknown and this remains one of the main challenges in current biological research. In an attempt to identify novel and rapid abiotic stress responsive genes, a number of salt-up (SUP) regulated genes were isolated by analyzing the public transcriptomic data, and one of them, SUPA, was characterized in this study. The expression of SUPA transcripts was rapidly up-regulated by various abiotic stress factors (<15 min), and SUPA protein is mainly localized in the peroxisome. Overexpression of SUPA in Arabidopsis leads to the elevated accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), strong morphological changes and alternations in abiotic stress tolerance. The transcriptome analysis showed changes in expression of genes involved in stress response and plant development. Interestingly, ectopic overexpression of SUPA in poplar leads to a dwarf phenotype with severely curved leaves and changes in the plant tolerance of abiotic stresses. Our study reinforces the potential roles of SUPA in normal plant growth and the abiotic stress response.

5.
BMC Genomics ; 18(1): 870, 2017 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29132316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Auxin is essential for plant growth and development. Although substantial progress has been made in understanding auxin pathways in model plants such as Arabidopsis and rice, little is known in moso bamboo which is famous for its fast growth resulting from the rapid cell elongation and division. RESULTS: Here we showed that exogenous auxin has strong effects on crown and primary roots. Genes involved in auxin action, including 13 YUCCA (YUC) genes involved in auxin synthesis, 14 PIN-FORMED/PIN-like (PIN/PILS) and 7 AUXIN1/LIKE-AUX1 (AUX1/LAX) members involved in auxin transport, 10 auxin receptors (AFB) involved in auxin perception, 43 auxin/indole-3-aceticacid (AUX/IAA) genes, and 41 auxin response factors (ARF) involved in auxin signaling were identified through genome-wide analysis. Phylogenetic analysis of these genes from Arabidopsis, Oryza sativa and bamboo revealed that auxin biosynthesis, transport, and signaling pathways are conserved in these species. A comprehensive study of auxin-responsive genes using RNA sequencing technology was performed, and the results also supported that moso bamboo shared a conserved regulatory mechanism for the expression of auxin pathway genes; meanwhile it harbors its own specific properties. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we generated an overview of the auxin pathway in bamboo, which provides information for uncovering the precise roles of auxin pathway in this important species in the future.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Poaceae/genética , Poaceae/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Indolacéticos/farmacologia , Filogenia , Poaceae/citologia , Poaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 1298, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28798758

RESUMO

Genetic engineering technology has been successfully used in many plant species, but is limited in woody plants, especially in bamboos. Ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro) is one of the most important bamboo species in Asia, and its genetic improvement was largely restricted by the lack of an efficient regeneration and transformation method. Here we reported a plantlet regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol by using Ma bamboo young shoots as explants. Under our optimized conditions, embryogenic calluses were successfully induced from the excised young shoots on callus induction medium and rapidly grew on callus multiplication medium. Shoots and roots were regenerated on shoot induction medium and root induction medium, respectively, with high efficiency. An Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation protocol of Ma bamboo was established, verified by PCR and GUS staining. Furthermore, the maize Lc gene under the control of the ubiquitin promoter was successfully introduced into Ma bamboo genome and generated an anthocyanin over-accumulation phenotype. Our methods established here will facilitate the basic research as well as genetic breeding of this important bamboo species. Key achievements: A stable and high efficiency regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol for Ma bamboo from vegetative organ is established.

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