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Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488265


Objective: To analyze the application of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Screening Questionnaire and pulmonary function test in dust-exposed migrant workers. Methods: In May 2019, 149 cases of dust exposed migrant workers were selected as the research subjects through the free clinic in the countryside. COPD Screening Questionnaire and lung function test were carried out to analyze the high-risk groups and the influencing factors of positive pulmonary function test results. Results: Among 149 cases of dust-exposed migrant workers, 107 (71.8%) were positive for questionnaire screening, 73 (49.0%) were positive for pulmonary function test, 75 (50.3%) were diagnosed with coal worker's pneumoconiosis, and 101 (67.8%) were diagnosed with lung function injury. The positive rate of pulmonary function of migrant workers with positive questionnaire screening results was significantly higher than that of those with negative results (P<0.05) . The results of multivariate analysis showed that compared with non-pneumoconiosis, the risk of positive pulmonary function test results was higher in dust-exposed migrant workers with stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis (OR=16.462, 95%CI: 3.390-79.946; P<0.01) . Compared with non-smoking, the risks of positive pulmonary function test results of dust-exposed migrant workers with smoking index of 11-20 package years and >20 package years were higher (OR=19.814, 95%CI: 3.854-101.883; OR=9.733, 95%CI: 2.310-41.008; P<0.01) . Conclusion: The risk of COPD in dust-exposed migrant workers is high, so we should strengthen the early examination of the high pneumoconiosis stage and smoking population. The screening questionnaire can better screen out the high-risk groups of COPD, and it can be used as a basic screening tool.

Minas de Carvão , Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Migrantes , Poeira , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/diagnóstico , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 121(8): 584-588, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726122


AIM: Investigate how AT1/2R affected the proliferation and apoptosis of chondrocytes induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation. METHODS: The proliferation and apoptosis of ATDC5 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis. The expression of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-3, AT1R, AT2R and HIF-1 was determined by Western blot analysis. The collagen II expression was detected by ELISA assay. RESULTS: Increased ratio of AT1R to AT2R induced by Ang II suppressed the proliferation of oxygen-glucose deprivation ATDC5 cells. Telmisartan, as AT1R inhibitor, promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of ATDC5 cells and oxygen-glucose deprivation ATDC5 cells. The collagen II expression either intracellular or cellular supernatant was decreased after Ang II treatment, which was reversed by telmisartan. And, telmisartan reduced the AT1R expression while increased the AT2R expression in ATDC5 cells and oxygen-glucose deprivation ATDC5 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Ang II caused an increased ratio of AT1R to AT2R, which suppressed the proliferation of oxygen-glucose deprivation ATDC5 cells. Furthermore, telmisartan caused a decrease of AT1R and increase of AT2R, which promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of oxygen-glucose deprivation ATDC5 cells. This new finding could provide a new insight into the treatment of osteoarthritis (Fig. 4, Ref. 19).

Apoptose , Condrócitos , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina , Receptor Tipo 2 de Angiotensina , Angiotensina II , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Glucose , Camundongos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Oxigênio , Proteínas Repressoras