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1.
Bone ; : 115266, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044333

RESUMO

Long-term glucocorticoid therapy is known to induce increased bone fragility and impaired skeletal regeneration potential. Growing evidence suggests that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) can accelerate fracture healing and increase bone mass both experimentally and clinically. However, how glucocorticoid-treated bone and bone cells respond to PEMF stimulation remains poorly understood. Here we tested the effects of PEMF on bone quantity/quality, bone metabolism, and porous implant osseointegration in rabbits treated with dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg/day, 6 weeks). The micro-CT, histologic and nanoindentation results showed that PEMF ameliorated the glucocorticoid-mediated deterioration of cancellous and cortical bone architecture and intrinsic material properties. Utilizing the new porous titanium implant (Ti2448) with low toxicity and low elastic modulus, we found that PEMF stimulated bone ingrowth into the pores of implants and enhanced peri-implant bone material quality during osseous defect repair in glucocorticoid-treated rabbits. Dynamic histomorphometric results revealed that PEMF reversed the adverse effects of glucocorticoids on bone formation, which was confirmed by increased circulating osteocalcin and P1NP. PEMF also significantly attenuated osteocyte apoptosis, promoted osteoblast-related osteocalcin, Runx2 and Osx expression, and inhibited osteocyte-specific DKK1 and Sost expression (negative regulators of osteoblasts) in glucocorticoid-treated skeletons, revealing improved functional activities of osteoblasts and osteocytes. Nevertheless, PEMF exerted no effect on circulating bone-resorbing cytokines (serum TRAcP5b and CTX-1) or skeletal gene expression of osteoclast-specific markers (TRAP and cathepsin K). PEMF also significantly upregulated skeletal gene expression of canonical Wnt ligands (Wnt1, Wnt3a and Wnt10b), whereas PEMF did not alter non-canonical Wnt5a expression. This study demonstrates that PEMF treatment improves bone mass, strength and porous implant osseointegration in glucocorticoid-treated rabbits by promoting potent bone-anabolic action, which is associated with canonical Wnt-mediated improvement in osteoblast and osteocyte functions. This study provides a new treatment alternative for glucocorticoid-related bone disorders in a convenient and non-invasive manner.

2.
Med Phys ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040215

RESUMO

Open access (OA) publishing has become an important alternative to the conventional subscription-based peer-reviewed journal publication model for scientific research results dissemination. There has been an enormous growth in the number of OA journals in recent years, including many in medical physics related fields. OA has advantages of wide dissemination and quick publication, hence potentially increased visibility and higher citations. While some are optimistic about the future of OA journals, others have concerns about OA journals for its financial stability and quality. This is the premise debated in this month's Point/Counterpoint.

3.
Med Phys ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012292

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a novel method for pseudo-CT generation from multi-parametric MR images using multi-channel multi-path generative adversarial network (MCMP-GAN). METHODS: Pre- and post-contrast T1-weighted (T1-w), T2-weighted (T2-w) MRI, and treatment planning CT images of 32 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients were employed to train a pixel-to-pixel MCMP-GAN. The network was developed based on a 5-level Residual U-Net (ResUNet) with the channel-based independent feature extraction network to generate pseudo-CT images from multi-parametric MR images. The discriminator with 5 convolutional layers was added to distinguish between the real CT and pseudo-CT images, improving the non-linearity and prediction accuracy of the model. Eight-fold cross-validation was implemented to validate the proposed MCMP-GAN. The pseudo-CT images were evaluated against the corresponding planning CT images based on mean absolute error (MAE), peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and Structural similarity index (SSIM). Similar comparisons were also performed against the multi-channel single-path GAN (MCSP-GAN), the single-channel single-path GAN (SCSP-GAN). RESULTS: It took approximately 20 hours to train the MCMP-GAN model on a Quadro P6000, and less than 10 seconds to generate all pseudo-CT images for the subjects in the test set. The average head MAE between pseudo-CT and planning CT was 75.7±14.6 Hounsfield Unit (HU) for MCMP-GAN, significantly (p-values<0.05) lower than that for MCSP-GAN (79.2±13.0 HU) and SCSP-GAN (85.8±14.3 HU). For bone only, the MCMP-GAN yielded a smaller mean MAE (194.6±38.9 HU) than MCSP-GAN (203.7±33.1 HU), SCSP-GAN (227.0±36.7 HU). The average PSNR of MCMP-GAN (29.1±1.6) was found higher than that of MCSP-GAN (28.8±1.2) and SCSP-GAN (28.2±1.3). In terms of metrics for image similarity, MCMP-GAN achieved the highest SSIM (0.92±0.02) but did not show significantly improved bone DSC results in comparison with MCSP-GAN. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a novel multi-channel GAN approach for generating pseudo-CT from multi-parametric MR images. Our preliminary results in NPC patients showed that the MCMP-GAN method performed apparently superior to the UNet-GAN and SCSP-GAN, and slightly better than MCSP-GAN.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of level 4 (L4) lymph node dissection (LND) on overall survival (OS) in left-side resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with the aim of guiding lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A total of 1929 patients with left-side NSCLC who underwent R0 resection between 2001 and 2014 were included in the study. The patients were divided into a group with L4 LND (L4 LND+) and a group without L4 LND (L4 LND-). Propensity score matching was applied to minimize selection bias. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used to assess the impact of L4 LND on OS. RESULTS: A total of 317 pairs were matched. Of the cohort of patients, 20.3% (391/1929) had L4 LND. Of these patients, 11.8% (46/391) presented with L4 lymph node metastasis. L4 lymph node metastasis was not associated with the primary tumour lobes (P = 0.61). Before propensity score matching, the 5-year OS was comparable between the L4 LND+ and L4 LND- groups (69.0% vs 65.2%, P = 0.091). However, after propensity score matching, the 5-year OS of the L4 LND+ group was much improved compared to that of the L4 LND- group (72.9% vs 62.3%, P = 0.002) and L4 LND was an independent factor favouring OS (hazard ratio 0.678, 95% confidence interval 0.513-0.897; P = 0.006). Subgroup analysis suggested that L4 LND was an independent factor favouring OS in left upper lobe tumours. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with left-side operable NSCLC, L4 lymph node metastasis was not rare and L4 LND should be routinely performed.

5.
Cell Prolif ; : e12769, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: M-phase phosphoprotein 6 (MPP6) is important for 5.8S pre-rRNA maturation in somatic cells and was screened as a female fertility factor. However, whether MPP6 functions in oocyte meiosis and fertility is not yet known. We aimed to address this. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse oocytes with surrounded nucleus (SN) or non-surrounded nucleus (NSN) were used for all experiments. Peptide nanoparticle-mediated antibody transfection was used to deplete MPP6. Immunofluorescence staining, immunohistochemistry and live tracker staining were used to examine MPP6 localization and characterize phenotypes after control or MPP6 depletion. High-fidelity PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to examine the localization and level of 5.8S rRNAs. Western blot was used to examine the protein level. MPP6-EGFP mRNA microinjection was used to do the rescue. RESULTS: MPP6 was enriched within ovaries and oocytes. MPP6 depletion significantly impeded oocyte meiosis. MPP6 depletion increased 5.8S pre-rRNA. The mRNA levels of MPP6 and 5.8S rRNA decreased within ageing oocytes, and MPP6 mRNA injection partially increased 5.8S rRNA maturation and improved oocyte quality. CONCLUSIONS: MPP6 is required for 5.8S rRNA maturation, meiosis and quality control in mouse oocytes, and MPP6 level might be a marker for oocyte quality.

6.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23150, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early screening and diagnosis of radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) is difficult in patients with chest radiation exposure. sST-2 is involved in myocardial stress or injury. We evaluated the relationship between heart dose parameters and sST-2 changes in chest malignant tumor patients who received chest radiation. METHODS: We prospectively collected thoracic malignancy cancer patients who had received chest radiotherapy. Heart dosimetry parameters were extracted from the treatment planning system. sST-2 was measured at baseline, the middle stage, and after radiotherapy (recorded as pre-ST-2, mid-ST-2, and post-ST-2). sST-2 change rate was calculated. Scatter plots showed the relationship between cardiac dose parameters and ST-2 change rate. Multiple regression was used to analyze the relationship between cardiac dose parameters and ST-2 change rate. RESULTS: Totally, 60 patients were enrolled. The mean V5 , V10 , V20 , V30 , V40 , and MHD was 60.93 ± 27.79%, 51.43 ± 25.44%, 39.17 ± 21.75%, 28.07 ± 17.15%,18.66 ± 12.18%, and 18.60 ± 8.63 Gy, respectively. The median M-LAD was 11.31 (IQR 3.33-18.76) Gy. The mean pre-ST-2, mid-ST-2, and post-ST-2 was 5.1 ± 3.8, 6.4 ± 3.9, and 7.6 ± 4.4, respectively. sST-2 was elevated with thoracic irradiation (P < .001). Multivariate linear regression analyses showed that V5 , V10 , V20 , and MHD were independently and positively associated with ST-2 change rate (ß = .04, .04, .04, and .10, respectively, all P < .05). CONCLUSION: Serum sST-2 levels were elevated over time during radiotherapy. V5 , V10 , V20 and MHD were independently and positively associated with the elevated ST-2 change rate.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983431

RESUMO

Decreased miR-335 has been reported in a variety of cancers. We previously showed that miR-335 played an important role in ovarian cancer metastasis and prognosis. However, miR-335 is down-regulated in ovarian cancer by mechanisms that remain unclear. In silico analysis identified putative transcription factor specificity protein 1 (SP1) transcription factor binding sites in the miR-335 promoter. To investigate the relation between SP1 and miR-335, qRT-PCR was performed. Our results showed both Sp1 knockdown and mithramycin A increased miR-335 expression in ovarian cancer cell lines. Luciferase reporter assays indicated that Sp1 knockdown increased miR-335 transcriptional activity. ChIP experiments showed that Sp1 bound directly to miR-335 promoter. Moreover, transwell migration and wound-healing assays showed that Sp1 knockdown resulted in inhibited cell migration, which was in turn mitigated by miR-335 inhibitor. We propose that miR-335 was negatively regulated by SP1, which in turn contributes to miR-335 deregulation and tumor cells migration.

9.
Life Sci ; 244: 117342, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978450

RESUMO

AIMS: Microvascular endothelial cell dysfunction is a leading cause of radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD). BRCA1 plays an important role in DNA damage repair. The study aims to explore the effect of BRCA1 in endothelial cells involved in RIHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BRCA1 and p21 expression were detected in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and in mouse heart tissue after irradiation exposure. The effects of BRCA1 on cell proliferation, cell cycle and radiosensitivity were determined in HUVECs with overexpression and knockdown of BRCA1. A mouse model of RIHD was established. Heart damage was detected in C57BL/6J mice and endothelial cell specific knockout BRCA1 mice (EC-BRCA1-/-). KEY FINDINGS: BRCA1 and p21 expression was significantly increased both in vitro and vivo response to irradiation. BRCA1 overexpression in endothelial cells enhanced cell growth and G1/S phase arrest, and the opposite results were observed in BRCA1 knockdown endothelial cells. BRCA1 downregulated endothelial cell cycle-related genes cyclin A, cyclin D1, cyclin E and p-Rb through increasing p21 expression, and HUVECs with BRCA1 gene knockdown were more sensitive to radiation. In vivo, a decrease in cardiac microvascular density, as well as cardiomyocyte hypoxia and apoptosis were observed in a time-dependent manner. EC-BRCA1-/- mice were more prone to severe RIHD than EC-BRCA1+/- mice after 16Gy radiation exposure due to endothelial dysfunction caused by loss of BRCA1, and p21 was declined in EC-BRCA1-/- mice heart. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings indicate that BRCA1 plays a protective role in RIHD by regulating endothelial cell cycle arrest mediated by p21 signal.

10.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship of serum hemoglobin (HB) level with disease activity and structural damage in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 890 RA patients and 890 normal subjects were enrolled in the case-control study. A HB threshold of< 110 g/L (women) and < 120 g/L (men) was used to determine anemia. All the patients were divided into three groups: non-anemia group (HB ≥ 120 g/L (male) or 110 g/L (female)), mild anemia group ((90 g/L < HB < lower limit of normal), and medium to severe anemia group (HB ≤ 90 g/L). Serum HB level and anemia prevalence between RA patients and normal subjects were compared. Associations of HB level with disease activity, structural damage, and function of joint in different groups were also investigated. RESULTS: The average of HB level in RA was (109.08 ± 17.96)g/l, which was lower than that in controls (136.75 ± 14.57)g/l (P < 0.001). Anemia was observed in 47% of the RA patients, while prevalence of anemia in control group was only 4.4%. In RA group, percentages of non-anemia, mild anemia, and medium to severe anemia were 47%, 38%, and 15%. Compared with non-anemia RA patients, RA patients with anemia had higher disease activity, severer structural damage and worse function of joint (P < 0.001). With the increase of anemia, the disease activity, structural damage, and dysfunction of joints increased significantly (P < 0.05-0.001). Linear regression analysis showed that HB level was negatively correlated with disease activity parameters, degree of joint destruction, and function (P < 0.05-0.001). Logistic regression indicated that serum HB level was protective factors for disease activity and structural damage in RA (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: HB level was significantly related to disease activity and structural damage in RA patients.Key Points• Inflammatory anemia was popular (about a half) in patients with RA.• HB level was related to disease activity and structural damage in RA patients.

11.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(1): 238-249, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784879

RESUMO

The effect of external resistance on substrate removal and electricity generation was explored in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) simultaneously treating sulfide and nitrate. The MFCs were operated under three different conditions keeping open-circuit MFC as control. In batch mode, all the MFCs showed good capacity of simultaneously removing sulfide and nitrate regardless of external resistance. The voltage profile could be divided into rapid descent zone, bulge zone, and stability zone, which represents typical polarization behavior. Taking open circuit as control, low external resistance promoted the production of sulfate and nitrogen gas, while a strong link between product production and external resistance was evident based on Pearson correlation analyses. In addition, low external resistance improved the amount of transferred electrons, while the peak electronic quantity was noticed when the external resistance was equivalent to internal resistance. Moreover, the mechanism of substrate removal and electricity generation was hypothesized for the MFCs simultaneously treating sulfide and nitrate which explained the results well.

12.
Food Funct ; 11(1): 370-377, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815260

RESUMO

Anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs can induce a series of gastrointestinal adverse events, which can seriously affect patients' quality of life and may lead to treatment failure. Studies have shown that probiotics treatments can improve antibiotic-induced gastrointestinal symptoms. In this randomized, open-label, dose-response clinical trial, we investigated the preventive effects of Lactobacillus casei on anti-TB-induced gastrointestinal adverse events. In total, 429 adult patients who underwent intensive-phase anti-TB therapy were included and randomly assigned to consume one bottle of L. casei of per day (low-dose group, n = 142), two bottles of L. casei per day (high-dose group, n = 143), or no intervention (control group, n = 144) for 2 months. Each bottle of L. casei contained 10 billion colony-forming units of live L. casei. Patients' daily gastrointestinal symptoms were recorded during the intervention period. After 2 months of L. casei consumption, 397 patients had completed the intervention. Both the high and low dose L. casei groups (37.6% and 29.4%, respectively) had lower incidences of anti-TB-associated total gastrointestinal adverse events than the control group (50.0%). The high and low dose L. casei groups (3.5 d and 5.8 d, respectively) also had shorter duration anti-TB-associated adverse gastrointestinal symptoms than the control group (6.2 d). Regarding individual symptoms, the higher L. casei dose resulted in a lower incidence of vomiting and appetite loss. Similar dose-dependent protective effects of L. casei were observed regarding the duration of vomiting and appetite loss. These findings indicated that daily L. casei consumption prevented anti-TB-associated gastrointestinal adverse events. This trial was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (ChiCTR-IOR-17013210).

13.
14.
Cell Biol Int ; 44(2): 593-602, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670413

RESUMO

Derlin-1 is involved in the elimination of misfolded proteins and has been implicated in the progression of human cancers. However, its prognostic value and biological function in breast cancer remain unknown. Here, we show that Derlin-1 is overexpressed in breast cancer and exhibits oncogenic activities via interaction with UBE2C. Increased expression of Derlin-1 is correlated with lymph node metastasis, advanced clinical stage, and unfavorable overall survival in two cohorts containing over 1,000 patients. Multivariate analyses by the Cox regression model suggest Derlin-1 is an independent factor for poor prognosis. In vitro experiments demonstrate that Derlin-1 expression is transcriptionally upregulated by c-Myc. Ectopic expression of Derlin-1 promotes breast cancer cell proliferation and migration, whereas the knockdown of Derlin-1 results in the opposite phenotypes. Mechanistically, Derlin-1 directly binds to UBE2C to increase the phosphorylation of AKT and ERK. The treatment of UBE2C siRNA markedly attenuates Derlin-1-mediated cell growth and migration. Collectively, our data suggest Derlin-1 is a potential prognostic factor and functions as an oncogene in breast cancer.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 707: 135989, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation is considered one of the key mechanisms in the development of cardiovascular diseases induced by fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution. However, evidence concerning the effects of various PM2.5 constituents on circulating inflammatory biomarkers were limited and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations of short-term exposure to a variety of PM2.5 constituents with circulating inflammatory biomarkers. METHODS: We conducted a panel study from May to October 2016 among 40 healthy adults in Shanghai, China. We monitored the concentrations of 27 constituents of PM2.5. We applied linear mixed-effect models to analyze the associations of PM2.5 and its constituents with 7 inflammatory biomarkers, and further assessed the robustness of the associations by fitting models adjusting for PM2.5 mass and/or their collinearity. Benjamini-Hochberg false discovery rate was used to correct for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: The associations of PM2.5 were strongest at lag 0 d with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), at lag 1 d with interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and interleukin-17A, at lag 02 d with monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). After correcting for multiple comparisons in all models, Cl-, K+, Si, K, As, and Pb were significantly associated with interleukin-8; SO42- and Se were marginally significantly associated with interleukin-8; SO42-, As, and Se were marginally significantly associated with TNF-α; and Si, K, Zn, As, Se, and Pb were marginally significantly associated with MCP-1. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that some constituents (SO42-, Cl-, K+, and some elements) might be mainly responsible for systemic inflammation triggered by short-term PM2.5 exposure.

16.
Carcinogenesis ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826234

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) originates via malignant transformation of the pseudostratified nasopharyngeal epithelium, composed of basal and luminal cells. Super enhancers (SEs) are large clusters of cis-elements involved in the regulation of gene expression through epigenetic regulatory mechanisms. In this study, we demonstrated that basal cell-specific proteins are highly expressed, whereas luminal cell proteins are downregulated in NPC, implying a perturbation of basal-to-luminal differentiation during NPC development. We characterized NPC cell models according to different molecular signatures associated with their differentiation status and found that distinct SE landscapes are tightly associated with basal or luminal-like molecular signatures in NPC cells. Furthermore, the transcription of ΔNP63α, a prominent isoform of TP63, was found to be driven by SEs in NPC cells. Data from chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing showed that ΔNP63α largely occupied regions of SEs associated with basal cell-specific genes. Silencing of ΔNP63α led to a loss of H3K27ac occupancy at basal-type SEs and triggered a basal-to-luminal gene expression signature switch, suggesting that ΔNP63α is a master factor contributing to the perturbation of luminal differentiation. Integrative transcriptomics analysis also revealed that ΔNP63α acts as a core factor involved in the dysregulation of gene expression in NPC. Furthermore, ΔNP63α enhanced EGF-stimulated NF-κB activation in NPC cells by activating SE-mediated EGFR transcription. Finally, depletion of ΔNP63α in NPC cells induced robust growth inhibition of NPC cells in vitro and in vivo. Our data revealed that ΔNP63α-dependent SE reprogramming contributes to the blockade of luminal differentiation and uncontrolled proliferation in NPC.

17.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792839

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has a high spatial resolution for detecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Integrin α6 has emerged as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of HCC. Here, we developed the MR contrast agent RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 based on the integrin α6-targeted RWY peptide that we previously identified to detect HCC. PROCEDURES: Contrast-enhanced MRI was carried out to evaluate the use of RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 to detect HCC lesions in subcutaneous and diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC mouse models. RESULTS: Enhancement MR signals were observed in HCC-LM3 subcutaneous liver tumors in the first 5 min post-injection of RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 at a low dose of 0.03 mmol Gd/kg. Moreover, RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 generated superior contrast enhancement for liver tumors in chemical-induced HCC mice. Importantly, RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 provided complementary enhancement MR signals to the clinical available hepatobiliary MR contrast agent gadoxetate disodium Gd-EOB-DTPA. Additionally, RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 showed minimal gadolinium retention in normal tissues and organs at 48 h post-injection. CONCLUSION: These findings potentiate the use of RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 for the MRI of HCC to improve the diagnosis of HCC.

18.
Saudi Med J ; 40(12): 1209-1217, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on promoting neural repair after facial nerve compression in rats and the mechanism by which this occurs.  Methods: Adult Wistar rats (n=100) were divided into 3 groups: healthy controls, surgery-only, and surgery+PRP groups. The rats underwent nerve crush injury to establish a facial palsy model. The blood from the rats was used to prepare the PRP for application to the injury site. The evaluation methods included vibrissae movement, eyelid closure, and electrophysiology. Electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect nutrient factor expression in the brain and nerve sections. This study was conducted in Shandong Provincial ENT Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University,  Shandong, China between January and November 2018.  Results: Platelet-rich plasma promotes the recovery of vibrissae movement, eyelid closure, and electrophysiological function in a rat model of nerve crush injury. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, toluidine blue staining, and electron microscopy showed significant recovery of Schwann cells and axons in the PRP group. Polymerase chain reaction results showed that PRP releases growth factors, which include nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Immunohistochemistry also demonstrated higher levels of S-100 protein expression in the PRP group compared to the other groups.  Conclusions: Platelet-rich plasma releases nutrient factors in the brainstem, and the use of PRP can promote injury recovery.

19.
Physiol Plant ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828790

RESUMO

Relationships between xylem anatomical traits and cavitation resistance have always been a major content of plant hydraulics. To know how plants cope with drought, it is extremely important to acquire detailed knowledge about xylem anatomical traits and assess the cavitation resistance accurately. This study aims to increase our knowledge in the methods determining cavitation resistance and xylem anatomical traits. We selected a semi-ring-porous species, Hippophae rhamnoides L., and a diffuse-porous species, Corylus heterophylla F., to clarify the reasons for the difference in cavitation resistance based on detailed xylem anatomical traits and reliable vulnerability curves (VCs). Both Cavitron and bench dehydration (BD) were used to construct VCs. Xylem anatomical traits, including pit membrane ultrastructure of these two species, were determined. The VCs obtained by the two different techniques were of different types for H. rhamnoides, its Cavitron VCs might be unreliable because of open-vessel artifacts. On the basis of BD VCs, H. rhamnoides showed higher cavitation resistance than C. heterophylla, and this is attributed to its low vessel connectivity as well as non-porous and thicker pit membranes.

20.
Ann Palliat Med ; 8(5): 667-675, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To observe the effect of Miao medicine and Tongqiao Huashuan Decoction on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and ephrin-B2 (EphB2) in the frontal lobe of the involved side and the cerebellum of rat models of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and to reveal the pharmacological mechanism of Tongqiao Huashuan Decoction in treating acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Seventy healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation, model, salvia miltiorrhiza (S. miltiorrhiza), and Miao medicine groups. Modified Longa's method was used to prepare a cerebral ischemia reperfusion model. After the operation, the rats in the sham operation group and model group were intragastrically administered with saline, those in the Miao medicine group were intragastrically administered with Tongqiao Huashuan Decoction, and those in the S. miltiorrhiza group were intraperitoneally injected with S. miltiorrhiza. After 14 days of administration, the neurological deficit scores of the rats in each group were compared before and after treatment. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the brain tissues in the right infarcted areas of the rats. VEGF expression in the frontal lobe and cerebellum was observed through immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization to detect EphB2 expression in the frontal lobe and cerebellum. RESULTS: The neurological deficit scores were significantly improved in the Miao medicine and S. miltiorrhiza groups aftertreatment compared with those of the model group (P<0.05) and was higher in the Miao medicine group than in the S. miltiorrhiza group. The VEGF expression in the right frontal lobe and cerebellum was significantly increased in the Miao medicine and S. miltiorrhiza groups (P<0.05) with the former having higher levels than the latter (P<0.05). EphB2 expression was significantly increased in the frontal lobe and cerebellum in the Miao medicine and S. miltiorrhiza groups (P<0.05) and was higher in the frontal lobe of the Miao medicine group than that of the S. miltiorrhiza group (P<0.05) but was not significantly different in the cerebellum in the S. miltiorrhiza and Miao medicine groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Tongqiao Huashuan Decoction can improve the neurological function score and promote the VEGF expression in the frontal lobe and cerebellum and the EphB2 expression in the frontal lobe of the involved side of MCAO rats. The pharmacological mechanism of Tongqiao Huashuan Decoction in treating acute ischemic stroke may be related to its regulation of VEDF and EphB2 expression in the distal part of the involved side.

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