Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 602
Filtrar
1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 232: 123409, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706884

RESUMO

The current study characterized the combating memory impairment effect of seabuckthorn seed protein (SSP) and the arginine (Arg)-enriched peptides (SSPP) on d-galactose-induced brain aging in mice. The Arg content in SSP and SSPP were 10.11 and 17.82 g/100 g, respectively. Seven Arg peptides (Ile/Leu-Arg, Arg-Glu, Asp-Arg-Pro, Arg-Try-Ala, Glu-Arg-Ser, Val-Gly-Arg-Pro, and Lys-Thr-Glu-Arg) were identified from SSPP. The animal experiments of the Morris water maze and the step-down test indicated that the oral administration of SSP (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 mg/g·d) and SSPP (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 mg/g·d) significantly (p < 0.05) reversed the learning and memory impairment symptoms. The activation of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase and neuronal NO synthase were increased, and inducible NO synthase decreased after SSP and SSPP in the hippocampus compared to the model group, with the SSPP being quite effective. Moreover, the treatment significantly exhibited the ability to normalize the serum inflammatory cytokine levels (NF-ĸB, TNF-α, IL-6) and suppress the Arg-inducible nitric oxide (Arg-iNO) pathway. Therefore, SSP and SSPP ingestion reversed the behavioral learning and memory impairment symptoms possibly associated with the anti-inflammation and Arg-iNO pathway. Consumption of SSP and SSPP diets can be beneficial to memory impairment.

2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 18: 369-383, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700148

RESUMO

Introduction: An antibacterial and pro-osteogenic coaxially electrospun nanofiber guided bone regeneration (GBR) membrane was fabricated to satisfy the complicated and phased requirements of GBR process. Methods: In this study, we synthesize dual-functional coaxially electrospun nanofiber GBR membranes by encapsulating parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the core layer and magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgONPs) in the shell layer (MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL). Herein, the physicochemical characterization of MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL, the release rates of MgONPs and PTH, and antibacterial efficiency of the new membrane were evaluated. Furthermore, the pro-osteogenicity of the membranes was assessed both in-vitro and in-vivo. Results: We successfully fabricated a coaxially electrospun nanofiber MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL membrane with the majority of nanofibers (>65%) ranged from 0.40~0.60µm in diameter. MgONPs-PCL/PTH-PCL showed outstanding antibacterial potential against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) through the release of MgONPs. We also discovered that the incorporation of MgONPs significantly prolonged the release of PTH. Furthermore, both the in-vivo and in-vitro studies demonstrated that high dosage of PTH promoted pro-osteogenicity of the membrane to improve bone regeneration efficacy with the presence of MgONPs. Conclusion: The new composite membrane is a promising approach to enhance bone regeneration in periodontitis or peri-implantitis patients with large-volume bone defects.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Óxido de Magnésio , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Hormônio Paratireóideo/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , Regeneração Óssea , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Poliésteres/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
3.
Int J Artif Organs ; : 3913988221145501, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe liver disease with high morbidity and mortality rates. Animal models are important for research on ALF. This study aimed to establish a reproducible, Tibetan miniature pig model of D-galactosamine-induced ALF and verify it using a dual plasma molecular adsorption system (DPMAS). METHODS: Tibet miniature pigs were randomly divided into four groups (A, B, C, D) after catheterization. D-galactosamine (D-gal) at 0.45, 0.40, 0.35, and 0.35 g/kg body weight, respectively, was injected through the catheter. Group D was treated with DPMAS 48 h after D-gal administration. Vital signs and blood index values were recorded every 12 h after D-gal administration. H&E, TUNEL, Ki67, and Masson staining tests were performed. RESULTS: After D-gal administration, Tibetan miniature pigs developed different degrees of debilitation, loss of appetite, and jaundice. Survival times of groups A, B, C, and D were 39.7 ± 5.9, 53.0 ± 12.5,61.3 ± 8.1, and 61 ± 7 h, respectively. Blood levels of ALT, AST, TBIL, ammonia, PT, and inflammation factors significantly increased compared with baseline levels in the different groups (Ps < 0.05). Pathological results revealed a clear liver cell necrosis positive correlation with D-gal dose. However, DPMAS did not increase the survival time in ALF, ammonia, or liver cell necrosis. CONCLUSION: We successfully established a reproducible Tibetan miniature pig model of d-galactosamine-induced ALF, and we believe that a dosage of 0.35 g/kg is optimal.

4.
Environ Res ; 219: 115065, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535389

RESUMO

With the growing numbers of the urban population, an increasing number of commuters have relied on subway systems for rapid transportation in daily life. Analyzing the temporal distribution of air microbiomes in subway environments is crucial for the assessment and monitoring of air quality in the subway system, especially with regard to public health. This study employed culture-independent metabarcode sequencing to analyze bacterial diversity and variations in bacterial compositions associated with bioaerosols collected from a subway station in Bangkok over a four-month period. The bacteria obtained were found to consist primarily of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria, with variations at the family, genus, and species levels among samples obtained in different months. The vast majority of these bacteria are most likely derived from outside environments and human body sources. Many of the bacteria found in Bangkok subway station were also identified as "core microorganisms" of subway environments around the world, as suggested by the MetaSUB Consortium. The diversity of bacterial communities was shown to be influenced by several air quality variables, especially ambient temperature and the quantity of particulate matters, which showed positive correlations with several bacterial species such as Acinetobacter lwoffii, Staphylococcus spp., and Moraxella osloensis. In addition, metabolic profiles inferred from metabarcode-derived bacterial diversity showed significant variations across different sampling times and sites and can be used as a starting point to further explore the functional roles of specific groups of bacteria in the subway environment. This study thus introduced the information required for surveillance of microbiological impacts and their contributions to the well-being of subway commuters in Bangkok.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Microbiota , Ferrovias , Humanos , Tailândia , Meios de Transporte , Material Particulado/análise , Bactérias/genética , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental
5.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111998, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461301

RESUMO

Soybean and derived products are among the most important food for both humans and animals. China is the world's largest importer of soybeans, with more than 100 million tons of annual imports, mainly from the United States of America (US), Brazil, and Argentina. However, there have been limited studies on the microbiota associated with imported soybean grains. Here, we reveal the soybean microbiota using amplicon sequencing based on samples from four countries on three continents of North America (US), South America (Argentina, Brazil), and Asia (China). Our results showed that the soybean-associated microbiota from different continents significantly separated, presenting strong geographic variations. The core microbial taxa and geographically specified taxa were defined, with Alternaria, Enterobacter, Plectosphaerella, Stenotrophomanas, and Xeromyces defined as the core microbiota for soybean from Asia; Amanita, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Nigrospora, Herbiconiux, Pseudomonas, Saccharopolyspora, and Schumannella from North America; and Bradyrhizobium, Colletotrichum, Filobasidium, Phialosimplex, Mycosphaerella, Septoria, Sphingomonas, and Weissalla, from South America. In addition, we build the Random Forest (RF) model to predict the source of imported soybean grains. We could accurately predict the original countries of imported soybean grains within the RF prediction models, with accuracies greater than 95 %. We constructed a database of soybean-related quarantine pathogens using full-length sequences of fungal ITS region and bacterial 16S rDNA region. Two phytopathogenic fungi, Diaporthe caulivora and Cladosporium cucumerinum, listed in the Chinese quarantine catalog, were intercepted through metabarcoding sequencing. The former was further confirmed using an available national standard protocol of qPCR diagnosis. In summary, our NGS-based approach revealed the microbiota associated with soybeans. It could provide comprehensive information and valuable method on the trace the origin of soybean and detection of quarantine pathogens at Customs and departments of inspection and quarantine.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Soja , Animais , Humanos , Quarentena , Estruturas Vegetais , Grão Comestível , Brasil
6.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7890, 2022 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550095

RESUMO

The role of rhizosphere microbiota in the resistance of tomato plant against soil-borne Fusarium wilt disease (FWD) remains unclear. Here, we showed that the FWD incidence was significantly negatively correlated with the diversity of both rhizosphere bacterial and fungal communities. Using the microbiological culturomic approach, we selected 205 unique strains to construct different synthetic communities (SynComs), which were inoculated into germ-free tomato seedlings, and their roles in suppressing FWD were monitored using omics approach. Cross-kingdom (fungi and bacteria) SynComs were most effective in suppressing FWD than those of Fungal or Bacterial SynComs alone. This effect was underpinned by a combination of molecular mechanisms related to plant immunity and microbial interactions contributed by the bacterial and fungal communities. This study provides new insight into the dynamics of microbiota in pathogen suppression and host immunity interactions. Also, the formulation and manipulation of SynComs for functional complementation constitute a beneficial strategy in controlling soil-borne disease.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Microbiota , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias , Rizosfera , Solo
7.
Curr Med Sci ; 42(6): 1285-1296, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) has been proven to be over-expressed and vital in many malignancies. However, its role in cervical cancer is still unclear. METHODS: Some online databases (Oncomine, GEPIA, UALCAN, LinkedOmics, and others) were used to explore the expression level, prognostic significance, and gene mutation characteristics of RUNX1 in cervical cancer. The protein levels of RUNX1 in cervical cancer were measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The functional changes of cervical cancer cells were measured in vitro after decreasing RUNX1. RESULTS: Bioinformatic results revealed that RUNX1 was upregulated in cervical cancer compared to normal tissues. Moreover, over-expression of RUNX1 was significantly correlated with cervical cancer patients' clinical parameters (e.g., individual cancer stages, patients' age, nodal metastasis status, and others). Meanwhile, functional enrichment analysis of RUNX1-related genes indicated that RUNX1 was mainly involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in cervical cancer. Furthermore, RUNX1 may be upregulated by hsamiR-616-5p and hsa-miR-766 identified by miRDB, TargetScan, and miRWalk. Finally, RUNX1 was upregulated in cervical cancer compared to normal tissues by IHC in collected cervical cancer samples. The invasion and migration abilities of cervical cancer cells were significantly reduced by repressing EMT after knocking down RUNX1 in vitro. CONCLUSION: RUNX1 was highly expressed in cervical cancer, and upregulated RUNX1 could significantly promote the invasive abilities of cervical cancer cells by inducing EMT. Therefore, RUNX1 may be a potential biomarker for early diagnosis and targeted therapy of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal
8.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(24)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556540

RESUMO

Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) is a kind of cement-based material with ultra-high strength, high toughness and excellent durability. However, the tensile strain capacity of UHPC is often below 0.5%, and the mode of single crack failure is the main failure pattern, which limits the development of UHPC. In order to overcome the weakness of the relatively low strain capacity of UHPC, five types of polyethylene (PE) fibers with different geometrical and mechanical parameters (length, diameter and elastic modulus) were added into the matrix, and the corresponding mechanical behavior was investigated. The experimental results showed that the high fiber length and fiber diameter of PE fibers are a benefit for the compressive strength and tensile strength of UHPC. The increase of the fiber diameter and elastic modulus remarkably attributed to the increase in the tensile strain capacity of UHPC. With the increase of the fiber diameter and elastic modulus, the overall energy absorption capacity G and the energy absorption capacity of the substrate prior to the softening section ga of UHPC were both enhanced. The diameter of PE fiber was the main factor affecting the energy consumption of UHPC. Among the five types of PE fiber, PF fiber (PF fiber is PF type polyethylene fiber; Fiber length: 15 mm; Fiber diameter: 27 µm; Elastic Modulus: 117 GPa) is the optimal fiber to increase the tensile mechanical behavior of UHPC.

9.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(12)2022 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547627

RESUMO

We are honored and privileged to edit this Special Issue, "Fungal Taxonomy, Phylogeny, and Ecology: A Themed Issue Dedicated to Academician Wen-Ying Zhuang" [...].

10.
Front Genet ; 13: 1059717, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482888

RESUMO

Camellia reticulata (Lindl.) is an important ornamental plant in China. Long-term natural or artificial selections have resulted in diverse phenotypes, especially for flower colors. Modulating flower colors can enhance the visual appeal and economic value in ornamental plants. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying flower color differentiation in C. reticulata. We performed a combined transcriptome and metabolome analysis of the petals of a popular variety C. reticulata (HHYC) (red), and its two cultivars "Xuejiao" (XJ) (pink) and "Tongzimian" (TZM) (white). Targeted metabolome profiling identified 310 flavonoid compounds of which 18 anthocyanins were differentially accumulated among the three samples with an accumulation pattern of HHYC > XJ > TZM. Likewise, transcriptome analysis showed that carotenoid and anthocyanin biosynthetic structural genes were mostly expressed in order of HHYC > XJ > TZM. Two genes (gene-LOC114287745765 and gene-LOC114289234) encoding for anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase are predicted to be responsible for red coloration in HHYC and XJ. We also detected 42 MYB and 29 bHLH transcription factors as key regulators of anthocyanin-structural genes. Overall, this work showed that flavonoids, particularly anthocyanins contents are the major determinants of flower color differentiation among the 3 C. reticulata samples. In addition, the main regulatory and structural genes modulating anthocyanin contents in C. reticulata have been unveiled. Our results will help in the development of Camellia varieties with specific flower color and quality.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 20(12)2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547925

RESUMO

Three new dibenzo-α-pyrone derivatives, alternolides A-C (1-3), and seven known congeners (4-10) were isolated from the marine-derived fungus of Alternaria alternata LW37 assisted by the one strain-many compounds (OSMAC) strategy. The structures of 1-3 were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses, and their absolute configurations were determined by modified Snatzke's method and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 6 and 7 showed good 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) antioxidant scavenging activities with IC50 values of 83.94 ± 4.14 and 23.60 ± 1.23 µM, respectively. Additionally, 2, 3 and 7 exhibited inhibitory effects against α-glucosidase with IC50 values of 725.85 ± 4.75, 451.25 ± 6.95 and 6.27 ± 0.68 µM, respectively. The enzyme kinetics study indicated 2 and 3 were mixed-type inhibitors of α-glucosidase with Ki values of 347.0 and 108.5 µM, respectively. Furthermore, the interactions of 2, 3 and 7 with α-glucosidase were investigated by molecular docking.


Assuntos
Pironas , alfa-Glucosidases , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Pironas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Alternaria/química , Antioxidantes/química , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química
12.
Cancer Cell Int ; 22(1): 415, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36539807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as an indispensable type of non-coding RNA (ncRNA), participate in diverse biological processes. However, the specific regulatory mechanism of certain miRNAs in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains unclear. METHODS: The expression of miR-194-5p in PDAC tissue microarray and cell lines were detected by RNA-scope and real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The function of proliferation and migration carried by miR-194-5p in vitro and vivo was observed by several functional experiments. Informatics methods and RNA sequencing data were applied to explore the target of miR-194-5p and the upstream circular RNA (circRNA) of miR-194-5p. RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay and dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the relationships between miR-194-5p and SOCS2 or miR-194-5p and circPVRL3. The proliferation and migration abilities of SOCS2 and circPVRL3 were accessed by rescue experiments. RESULTS: In this study, we aimed to clarify the molecular mechanisms of miR-194-5p, which has critical roles during PDAC progression. We found that the expression of miR-194-5p was significantly upregulated in PDAC tissue compared to tumor-adjacent tissue and was highly related to age and nerve invasion according to RNAscope and RT‒qPCR. Overexpression of miR-194-5p accelerated the cell cycle and enhanced the proliferation and migration processes according to several functional experiments in vitro and in vivo. Specifically, circPVRL3, miR-194-5p, and SOCS2 were confirmed to work as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) according to informatics methods, RIP, and dual-luciferase reporter assays. Additionally, the rescue experiments confirmed the relationship among miR-194-5p, circPVRL3, and SOCS2 mRNA. Finally, the circPVRL3/miR-194-5p/SOCS2 axis activates the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to regulate the proliferation and metastasis of PDAC. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that an increase of miR-194-5p caused by circPVRL3 downregulation stimulates the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to promote PDAC progression via the circPVRL3/miR-194-5p/SOCS2 axis, which suggests that the circPVRL3/miR-194-5p/SOCS2 axis may be a potential therapeutic target for PDAC patients.

13.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(10): 4073-4080, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389335

RESUMO

Background: Segmentectomy is increasingly performed as a surgical technique. Traditional anterior axillary line and mid-axillary line video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) incision meets difficulties when dealing with left segment 9+10 (LS9+10), as the distance and angle of view make it uneasy to expose the trachea, blood vessels and intersegment plane. As an alternative, dorsal incision may be advantageous as which faces the key structures of LS9+10, may facilitate the management of trachea and blood vessels of LS9+10, but there was no clinical proof reported ever. This study is targeted to compare the efficacy and safety of these two incisions in segmentectomy of LS9+10. Methods: The dorsal incision is made behind the posterior axillary line, 8th intercostal space. Patients with ground glass opacity (GGO) which solid ingredients is less than 25%, locates at LS9+10, and segmentectomy of LS9+10 could ensure the cut edge were enrolled in the study and were allocated to the traditional incision group or dorsal incision group based on the parity of hospital number. Efficacy outcomes such as the duration of surgery and safety outcomes including postoperative air-leakage duration, length of hospital stay, amount of bleeding and pain score were recorded. The Independent-samples t-test and Mann-Whitey U test were applied in data analysis. Results: A total of 68 patients were enrolled and allocated into the traditional incision group and dorsal incision group. In the traditional incision group, the average surgery time was 71.03±6.87 min (median 71.5 min), while that in the dorsal incision group was an average of 62.72±6.24 min (median 61.0 min, P=0.001). The postoperative duration of air-leakage was 2.16±1.63 and 1.36±1.33 days for traditional incision group and dorsal incision group (P=0.030), respectively. The traditional incision group had a greater length of postoperative hospital stay (3.69±1.36 days) than the dorsal incision group (3.08±1.03 days, P=0.041), when amount of bleeding and pain score showed no differences between these two groups. Data suggested a statistically significant advantage for the dorsal incision procedure. Conclusions: Dorsal incision can facilitate the segmentectomy of LS9+10, and significantly reduce the surgery time, postoperative duration of air-leakage and length of hospital stay.

14.
Talanta ; 254: 124126, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446156

RESUMO

Long period fiber gratings (LPFGs) have special advantages in the detection of salt concentrations due to small volume, corrosion resistance and immunity to electromagnetic interference. However, it is very difficult to distinguish low-concentration salt solutions with usual LPFGs owing to the poor sensitivity. In this paper, the detection capability of the LPFG to low-concentration salt solutions was significantly improved by assembling salt-containing poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) and salt-containing poly (sodium-p-styrenesulfonate) (PSS). Experimental results showed that, the responsive wavelength range of the LPFG was remarkably broadened in low-concentration salt solutions after assembling nanofilms. The suitable detection range of the PDDA/PSS films coated LPFG for salt concentrations was 0-3%. In such a range, the average refractive index sensitivity and the average salinity sensitivity of the LPFG was as high as 29545.9 nm/RIU and 52.2 nm/% respectively. Compared with the LPFG without nanofilms, the discrimination ability of the PDDA/PSS films coated LPFG to 0-3% salt solutions increased by 568 times. The analysis demonstrated that PDDA and salt in the assembly solutions played a pivotal role in the above effects. The proposed sensor has extensive application prospects in the monitoring of salt concentration in many fields such as seawater, food processing, fermentation process, etc.

16.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403246

RESUMO

Rust fungi are characterized by large genomes with high repeat content and have two haploid nuclei in most life stages, which makes achieving high-quality genome assemblies challenging. Here, we described a pipeline using HiFi reads and Hi-C data to assemble a gigabase-sized fungal pathogen, Puccinia polysora f.sp. zeae, to haplotype-phased and chromosome-scale. The final assembled genome is 1.71 Gbp, with ~850 Mbp and 18 chromosomes in each haplotype, being currently one of the two giga-scale fungi assembled to chromosome level. Transcript-based annotation identified 47,512 genes for the dikaryotic genome with a similar number for each haplotype. A high level of inter-haplotype variation was found with 10% haplotype-specific BUSCO genes, 5.8 SNPs/kbp, and structural variation accounting for 3% of the genome size. The P. polysora genome displayed over 85% repeat contents, with genome-size expansion and copy number increasing of species-specific orthogroups. Interestingly, these features did not affect overall synteny with other Puccinia species having smaller genomes. Fine-time-point transcriptomics revealed seven clusters of co-expressed secreted proteins that are conserved between two haplotypes. The fact that candidate effectors interspersed with all genes indicated the absence of a "two-speed genome" evolution in P. polysora. Genome resequencing of 79 additional isolates revealed a clonal population structure of P. polysora in China with low geographic differentiation. Nevertheless, a minor population differentiated from the major population by having mutations on secreted proteins including AvrRppC, indicating the ongoing virulence to evade recognition by RppC, a major resistance gene in Chinese corn cultivars. The high-quality assembly provides valuable genomic resources for future studies on disease management and the evolution of P. polysora.

17.
J Vis Exp ; (189)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408986

RESUMO

Among the lymphatic system in the human body, the spleen is the most extensive one and has hematopoietic, hemofiltration, blood storage, and immune functions. As a new method of preserving the spleen, laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) has been increasingly applied in clinical practice with people's deeper insights into minimally invasive treatment and the development of technical equipment. Compared with conventional open splenectomy, LPS can preserve normal spleen tissue as much as possible, decrease the occurrence of complications after total splenectomy, and reduce postoperative hospital stay. The bipolar radiofrequency excision hemostatic device used for LPS can solidify the splenic tissue and close the small blood vessels, which reduces the hemorrhage of the spleen cross-section and clears the operative field, thus achieving the ideal effect of "bloodless partial splenectomy". Therefore, under the premise of strictly mastering the indications and fully understanding the vascular anatomy of the spleen, the application of the bipolar radiofrequency excision hemostatic device in LPS is worthy of clinical promotion.


Assuntos
Hemostáticos , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Esplenectomia/métodos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Baço/cirurgia
18.
Front Genet ; 13: 1045395, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386836

RESUMO

Objective: We aim to identify the crucial genes or potential biomarkers associated with uterine fibroids (UFs), which may provide clinicians with evidence about the diagnostic biomarker of UFs and reveal the mechanism of its progression. Methods: The gene expression and genome-wide DNA methylation profiles were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO). GSE45189, GSE31699, and GSE593 datasets were included. GEO2R and Venn diagrams were used to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and extract the hub genes. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis was performed by the online tool Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). The mRNA and protein expression of hub genes were validated by RT-qPCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value. Results: We detected 22 DEGs between UFs and normal myometrium, which were enriched in cell maturation, apoptotic process, hypoxia, protein binding, and cytoplasm for cell composition. By finding the intersection of the data between differentially expressed mRNA and DNA methylation profiles, 3 hub genes were identified, including transmembrane 4 L six family member 1 (TM4SF1), TNF superfamily member 10 (TNFSF10), and proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1). PLP1 was validated to be up-regulated significantly in UFs both at mRNA and protein levels. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of PLP1 was 0.956, with a sensitivity of 79.2% and a specificity of 100%. Conclusion: Overall, our results indicate that PLP1 may be a potential diagnostic biomarker for uterine fibroids.

19.
Ecol Evol ; 12(11): e9515, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36415874

RESUMO

Evolutionary breakdown from rigorous outbreeding to self-fertilization frequently occurs in angiosperms. Since the pollinators are not necessary, self-compatible populations often reduce investment in floral display characteristics and pollination reward. Primula forbesii is a biennial herb with distribution restricted to southwest China; it was initially a self-incompatible distylous species, but after 20 years of artificial domestication, homostyly appeared. This change in style provides an ideal material to explore the time required for plant mating systems to adapt to new environmental changes and test whether flower attraction has reduced following transitions to selfing. We did a survey in wild populations of P. forbesii where its seeds were originally collected 20 years ago and recorded the floral morph frequencies and morphologies. The floral morphologies, self-incompatibility, floral scent, and pollinator visitation between distyly and homostyly were compared in greenhouse. Floral morph frequencies of wild populations did not change, while the cultivated population was inclined to L-morph and produced homostyly. Evidence from stigma papillae and pollen size supports the hypothesis that the homostyly possibly originated from mutations of large effect genes in distylous linkage region. Transitions to self-compatible homostyly are accompanied by smaller corolla size, lower amounts of terpenoids, especially linalool and higher amounts of fatty acid derivatives. The main pollinators in the greenhouse were short-tongued Apis cerana. However, homostyly had reduced visiting frequency. The mating system of P. forbesii changed rapidly in just about 20 years of domestication, and our findings confirm the hypothesis that the transition to selfing is accompanied by decreased flower attraction.

20.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366836

RESUMO

The variegated leaves and fragrant flowers of Daphne odora var. marginata Mak. make it a popular garden plant. In May 2020, we found diseased D. odora plants in a greenhouse at the Ganzhou Vegetable and Flower Research Institute, in southeast China; 72% of 1800 plants had Phytophthora blight-like symptoms-shrunken stems, black withered branches, wilted and dropped leaves (Fig 1a), and rotted and dark green roots. The root and stem tissue surfaces were disinfected with 75% ethanol for 30 s followed by 0.1% HgCl2 for 1 min, rinsed thrice with sterile water, and cultured on potato-dextrose agar (PDA) medium at 25°C. Mycelia from the diseased tissue were subcultured on fresh PDA medium, providing three colonies. White colonies (~4.1 mm) were formed after 10 days at 25°C (Fig 1b). Sporangia and chlamydospores were induced by placing actively growing mycelia on PDA medium at 25°C for ~30 days and then at 45°C for ~3 days. Sporangia were ovoid to spherical and 19.33 × 20.99 µm in size (Fig 1c), whereas chlamydospores were spherical and 15.68 × 16.10 µm in size (Fig 1d). All three colonies resembled Phytophthora spp. Genomic DNA was extracted from isolates using the Ezup Column Fungi Genomic DNA Purification Kit (Sangon Biotech [Shanghai] Co. Ltd.), and rDNA-ITS and ß-tubulin were amplified and sequenced. BLAST analysis (GenBank) revealed that the ITS (Accession No. MZ676071) and ß-tubulin (MZ748503) sequences of isolates shared the highest similarity (99-100%) with those of Phytophthora nicotianae (Duccio et al. 2015). A phylogenetic tree of the relationship between our isolate hjt3 and its close relatives within the P. nicotianae species was constructed using the MEGA X neighbor-joining method (Fig 2). The pathogen was identified as P. nicotianae based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Sequencing results of the three samples were consistent, all indicating P. nicotianae. A specimen (JXAU-H2020245) was deposited in the Herbarium of the College of Agronomy, Jiangxi Agricultural University. To confirm pathogenicity, 9-month-old healthy D. odora plants were used for stem and soil inoculation. Stems were cut ~5 cm from the soil with sterilized scalpels and inoculated with 0.8 cm diameter PDA plugs containing actively growing mycelia of isolate hjt3. The soil was sterilized and 0.8 cm PDA plugs containing actively growing mycelia were buried in the soil at ~5 cm; the mycelia were in contact with the roots. Plants in both groups were treated equally; those inoculated with sterile PDA plugs served as controls. There were six plants in each group, with each experiment performed in triplicate. All plants were incubated in a greenhouse at 25-28°C. The stems shrank and began to rot rapidly after 7 days (Fig 3) and the branches turned black and withered within 2 weeks. After soil inoculation, the stems of the inoculated plants blackened and rotted in ~20 days (Fig 4) and the roots rotted and turned dark green (Fig 5). These symptoms rapidly spread to the branches. The control plants did not exhibit any symptoms. Reisolated colonies showed the same morphological traits as the isolates used for inoculation; no target colonies were isolated from the control plants. Phytophthora blight caused by P. nicotianae on D. odora has been reported in Italy (Garibaldi A, 2009) and Korea (Kwon et al. 2005). This is the first detection in China. Therefore, Phytophthora blight on D. odora caused by P. nicotianae should be monitored and controlled to promote the development of the D. odora industry.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...