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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1182: 338957, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602203

RESUMO

A reciprocating magnetic-field-assisted on-line solid-phase extraction (RMF-SPE) method coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been developed for continuous enrichment of trace chemicals in water samples. Under the assist of the reciprocating magnetic field, carboxyl-modified magnetic nanoparticles (CMNPs) were applied to prepare microcolumn with even dispersion by periodical motion, instead of traditional compaction as extraction sorbents. When water sample passed through the extraction region, dynamic sorbents generates an advantage of countless contacts between sorbents and targets without blocking for high efficient extraction. In this study, the on-line RMF-SPE method was established and evaluated by determination of tetracyclines (TCs) from water samples as analysis models, including oxytetracycline, tetracycline, demeclocycline, metacycline, chlortetracycline, and doxycycline. Experimental conditions have been investigated such as flow rate, reciprocating speed, elution time, and so on. The method showed high relative recovery (95.4-111.1%) and good repeatability with RSD from 2.9 to 11.8% for the 200 mL water sample. The linearity range, limits of detection (LODs), and limits of quantification (LOQs) were 0.5-200 µg L-1 (chlortetracycline) and 0.1-200 µg L-1 (other TCs), 12.0-74.1 ng L-1, and 40.1-247 ng L-1, respectively. More importantly, the high enrichment factors in a range of 204 (chlortetracycline) to 276 (demeclocycline) indicate that a small amount of dynamic sorbents (only 10 mg) give full play to extraction attributing to the reciprocating movement, especially for trace analysis and continuous extraction, which is significant for water samples from sea, river and domestic waste.


Assuntos
Tetraciclinas , Água , Cromatografia Líquida , Campos Magnéticos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605044

RESUMO

Single cell biology has the potential to elucidate many critical biological processes and diseases, from development and regeneration to cancer. Single cell analyses are uncovering the molecular diversity of cells, revealing a clearer picture of the variation among and between different cell types. New techniques are beginning to unravel how differences in cell state-transcriptional, epigenetic, and other characteristics-can lead to different cell fates among genetically identical cells, which underlies complex processes such as embryonic development, drug resistance, response to injury, and cellular reprogramming. Single cell technologies also pose significant challenges relating to processing and analyzing vast amounts of data collected. To realize the potential of single cell technologies, new computational approaches are needed. On March 17-19, 2021, experts in single cell biology met virtually for the Keystone eSymposium "Single Cell Biology" to discuss advances both in single cell applications and technologies.

4.
Science ; 373(6556)2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385369

RESUMO

Capturing the heterogeneous phenotypes of microbial populations at relevant spatiotemporal scales is highly challenging. Here, we present par-seqFISH (parallel sequential fluorescence in situ hybridization), a transcriptome-imaging approach that records gene expression and spatial context within microscale assemblies at a single-cell and molecule resolution. We applied this approach to the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, analyzing about 600,000 individuals across dozens of conditions in planktonic and biofilm cultures. We identified numerous metabolic- and virulence-related transcriptional states that emerged dynamically during planktonic growth, as well as highly spatially resolved metabolic heterogeneity in sessile populations. Our data reveal that distinct physiological states can coexist within the same biofilm just several micrometers away, underscoring the importance of the microenvironment. Our results illustrate the complex dynamics of microbial populations and present a new way of studying them at high resolution.


Assuntos
Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Transcriptoma , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Fímbrias/genética , Flagelina/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Fenótipo , Plâncton/genética , Plâncton/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plâncton/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/patogenicidade , Piocinas/biossíntese , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Virulência/genética
5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(14): 18274-18286, 2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270463

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the predictive ability of the inflammation-based Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score and combined diagnostic models for the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACEs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, eligible patients were required to meet the third global definition of myocardial infarction. The primary outcome of this study was the occurrence of MACEs during hospitalization. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the predictive ability of the GPS, PLR, GRACE scores, and joint diagnostic models for primary outcomes; univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. FINDINGS: A total of 175 patients were enrolled. The results of the univariate ROC curve analysis for the incidence of MACEs during hospitalization showed that the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.780 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.696-0.864) for the GPS, 0.766 (95% CI 0.682-0.850) for the redefined GPS (RGPS), 0.561 (95% CI 0.458-0.664) for the PLR score (PLRS), and 0.793 (95% CI 0.706-0.880) for GRACE. Multivariate ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC value was 0.809 (95% CI 0.726-0.893) for the GPS combined with GRACE, 0.783 (95% CI 0.701-0.864) for the GPS combined with the PLRS, 0.794 (95% CI 0.707-0.880) for GRACE combined with the PLRS, and 0.841 (95% CI 0.761-0.921) for the GPS combined with GRACE and the PLRS. The combined diagnostic model including the GPS plus GRACE and the PLRS had a higher AUC value than the GPS, RGPS and GRACE models (P = 0.014, P = 0.004, and P = 0.038, respectively). The multivariate logistic regression model showed that the odds ratio for hospitalized MACEs was 5.573 (95% CI 1.588-19.554) for GPS scores of 2 versus 0, and the GRACE score was also an independent risk factor for MACEs, with an odds ratio of 1.023 (95% CI 1.009-1.036). IMPLICATIONS: The diagnostic model combining the GPS plus GRACE and the PLRS has better predictive ability for the occurrence of MACEs during hospitalization than each single score. Thus, the use of a combined GPS plus GRACE and PLRS model will be of clinical benefit in a broad group of individuals with AMI.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288130

RESUMO

Gallic acid is a phenolic compound that exhibits antibacterial, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory functions. In a previous study, we found that dietary supplementation with gallic acid decreased incidence of diarrhoea and protected intestinal integrity in weaning piglets. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, a pig intestinal epithelial cell line (IPEC-J2) was used as an in vitro model to explore the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacity of gallic acid. IPEC-J2 cells were stimulated with hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish oxidative and inflammatory models, respectively. Results showed that H2 O2 significantly decreased catalase (CAT) secretion and CAT mRNA abundance in the cells (p < 0.05), while pretreatment with gallic acid did not prevent the decrease in CAT expression induced by H2 O2 . However, gallic acid pretreatment mitigated the increased expression of the tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8 genes caused by LPS in IPEC-J2 cells (p < 0.05). In addition, pretreatment with gallic acid significantly suppressed phosphorylation of NF-κB and IκBα in LPS-stimulated IPEC-J2 cells. Moreover, LPS stimulation decreased the protein abundance of zona occludens 1 (ZO-1) and occludin, while pretreatment with gallic acid preserved expression level of tight junction proteins ZO-1 and occludin in LPS-stimulated IPEC-J2 cells (p < 0.05). In conclusion, gallic acid may mitigate LPS-induced inflammatory responses by inhibiting the NF-κB signalling pathway, exerting positive effects on the barrier function of IPEC-J2 cells.

7.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e930293, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34158468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Candida is a pathogenic fungus. In recent years, the increase in immunosuppressive diseases has led to an increase in Candida infections, with the lungs being the most common site. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the positive detection rates of Candida in sputum samples by Candida culture and fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and to explore a new method for rapid, accurate, and effective detection of Candida in sputum, providing swift evidence of clinical fungal infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS From October 2016 to March 2017, 300 sputum samples were collected and detected by the conventional culture method and fluorescent PCR method. The positive rate of Candida detection was compared between the 2 methods. RESULTS In the 300 sputum samples, the positive detection rate of Candida was 50% by the culture method and 65.67% by the fluorescent PCR method (P<0.001). Therefore, the positive detection rate of Candida was higher by the fluorescent PCR method. CONCLUSIONS The conventional culture method for Candida needs a longer duration (24 h to 48 h) and the positive detection rate is low. However, it takes only 3 h to detect Candida in sputum by the fluorescent PCR method, the positive detection rate is high, and can be used as a screening method for Candida in sputum samples. Additional large-scale clinical trials need to be completed to assess the correlation between fluorescent PCR and pulmonary Candida infection.

9.
Science ; 372(6538)2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833095

RESUMO

During multicellular development, spatial position and lineage history play powerful roles in controlling cell fate decisions. Using a serine integrase-based recording system, we engineered cells to record lineage information in a format that can be read out in situ. The system, termed integrase-editable memory by engineered mutagenesis with optical in situ readout (intMEMOIR), allowed in situ reconstruction of lineage relationships in cultured mouse cells and flies. intMEMOIR uses an array of independent three-state genetic memory elements that can recombine stochastically and irreversibly, allowing up to 59,049 distinct digital states. It reconstructed lineage trees in stem cells and enabled simultaneous analysis of single-cell clonal history, spatial position, and gene expression in Drosophila brain sections. These results establish a foundation for microscopy-readable lineage recording and analysis in diverse systems.


Assuntos
Linhagem da Célula , Expressão Gênica , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/citologia , Neurônios/citologia , Análise de Célula Única , Animais , Encéfalo/citologia , Linhagem Celular , Células Clonais/citologia , Drosophila melanogaster/citologia , Drosophila melanogaster/embriologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Integrases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mutagênese , Análise Espacial , Imagem com Lapso de Tempo , Transcrição Genética
10.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248260, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705467

RESUMO

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play a crucial role in cancer progression, drug resistance and tumor recurrence. We have recently shown that the Notch pathway determines the tumor-regulatory role of experimentally created 'CAFs'. Here, we examined the status of Notch signaling in human melanoma-associated fibroblasts (MAFs) versus their normal counterparts and tested whether manipulation of the Notch pathway activity in MAFs alters their tumor-regulatory function. Using tissue microarrays, we found that MAFs exhibit decreased Notch pathway activity compared with normal fibroblasts in adjacent and non-adjacent skin. Consistently, MAFs isolated from human metastatic melanoma exhibited lower Notch activity than did normal human fibroblasts, demonstrating that Notch pathway activity is low in MAFs. We then investigated the effect of increasing Notch pathway activity in MAF on melanoma growth in co-cultures and in a mouse co-graft model. We found that activation of the Notch pathway in MAFs significantly restricted melanoma cell growth in vitro and suppressed melanoma skin growth and tumor angiogenesis in vivo. Our study demonstrates that the Notch signaling is inhibited in MAFs. Increase of Notch pathway activity can confer tumor-suppressive function on MAFs. Thus, targeting melanoma by activating Notch signaling in MAF may represent a novel therapeutic approach.

11.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 78, 2021 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685491

RESUMO

Spatial transcriptomic and proteomic technologies have provided new opportunities to investigate cells in their native microenvironment. Here we present Giotto, a comprehensive and open-source toolbox for spatial data analysis and visualization. The analysis module provides end-to-end analysis by implementing a wide range of algorithms for characterizing tissue composition, spatial expression patterns, and cellular interactions. Furthermore, single-cell RNAseq data can be integrated for spatial cell-type enrichment analysis. The visualization module allows users to interactively visualize analysis outputs and imaging features. To demonstrate its general applicability, we apply Giotto to a wide range of datasets encompassing diverse technologies and platforms.

12.
Brain Behav Immun ; 95: 154-167, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737172

RESUMO

Impaired amyloid-ß (Aß) clearance is believed to be a primary cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and peripheral abnormalities in Aß clearance have recently been linked to AD pathogenesis and progression. Data from recent genome-wide association studies have linked genetic risk factors associated with altered functions of more immune cells to AD pathology. Here, we first identified correlations of Smad3 signaling activation in peripheral macrophages with AD progression and phagocytosis of Aß. Then, manipulating the Smad3 signaling regulated macrophage phagocytosis of Aß and induced switch of macrophage inflammatory phenotypes in our cell cultures. In our mouse models, flag-tagged or fluorescent-dye conjugated Aß was injected into the lateral ventricles or tail veins, and traced. Interestingly, blocking Smad3 signaling efficiently increased Aß clearance by macrophages, reduced Aß in the periphery and thereby enhanced Aß efflux from the brain. Moreover, in our APP/PS1 transgenic AD model mice, Smad3 inhibition significantly attenuated Aß deposition and neuroinflammation, and ameliorated cognitive deficits, probably by enhancing the peripheral clearance of Aß. In conclusion, enhancing Aß clearance by peripheral macrophages through Smad3 inhibition attenuated AD-related pathology and cognitive deficits, which may provide a new perspective for understanding AD and finding novel therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Macrófagos , Proteína Smad3 , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos
13.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(4): e23706, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculous pleural effusions (TBPEs) and malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) are two of the most common and severe forms of exudative effusions. Clinical differentiation is challenging; however, metabolomics is a collection of powerful tools currently being used to screen for disease-specific biomarkers. METHODS: 17 TBPE and 17 MPE patients were enrolled according to the inclusion criteria. The normalization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) data were imported into the SIMCA-P + 14.1 software for multivariate analysis. The principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the data, and the top 50 metabolites of variable importance projection (VIP) were obtained. Metabolites were qualitatively analyzed using the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) databases. Pathway analysis was performed by MetaboAnalyst 4.0. The detection of biochemical indexes such as urea and free fatty acids in these pleural effusions was also verified, and significant differences were found between these two groups. RESULTS: 1319 metabolites were screened by non-targeted metabonomics of GC-MS. 9 small molecules (urea, L-5-oxoproline, L-valine, DL-ornithine, glycine, L-cystine, citric acid, stearic acid, and oleamide) were found to be significantly different (p < 0.05 for all). In OPLS-DA, 9 variables were considered significant for biological interpretation (VIP≥1). However, after the ROC curve was performed, it was found that the metabolites with better diagnostic value were stearic acid, L-cystine, citric acid, free fatty acid, and creatinine (AUC > 0.8), with good sensitivity and specificity. CONCLUSION: Stearic acid, L-cystine, and citric acid may be potential biomarkers, which can be used to distinguish between the TBPE and the MPE.

14.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 45, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solanum nigrum L. decoction has been used as a folklore medicine in China to prevent the postoperative recurrence of bladder cancer (BC). However, there are no previous pharmacological studies on the protective mechanisms of this activity of the plant. Thus, this study aimed to perform a systematic analysis and to predict the potential action mechanisms underlying S. nigrum activity in BC based on network pharmacology. METHODS: Based on network pharmacology, the active ingredients of S. nigrum and the corresponding targets were identified using the Traditional Chinese Medicines for Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform database, and BC-related genes were screened using GeneCards and the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database. In addition, ingredient-target (I-T) and protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed using STRING and Cytoscape, Gene Ontology (GO) terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were conducted, and then the pathways directly related to BC were integrated manually to reveal the pharmacological mechanism underlying S. nigrum-medicated therapeutic effects in BC. RESULTS: Seven active herbal ingredients from 39 components of S. nigrum were identified, which shared 77 common target genes related to BC. I-T network analysis revealed that quercetin was associated with all targets and that NCOA2 was targeted by four ingredients. Besides, interleukin 6 had the highest degree value in the PPI network, indicating a hub role. A subsequent gene enrichment analysis yielded 86 significant GO terms and 89 significant pathways, implying that S. nigrum had therapeutic benefits in BC through multi-pathway effects, including the HIF-1, TNF, P53, MAPK, PI3K/Akt, apoptosis and bladder cancer pathway. CONCLUSIONS: S. nigrum may mediate pharmacological effects in BC through multi-target and various signaling pathways. Further validation is required experimentally. Network pharmacology approach provides a predicative novel strategy to reveal the holistic mechanism of action of herbs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Solanum nigrum/química , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bases de Dados Genéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Coativador 2 de Receptor Nuclear/genética , Coativador 2 de Receptor Nuclear/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/fisiopatologia
15.
Nature ; 590(7845): 344-350, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33505024

RESUMO

Identifying the relationships between chromosome structures, nuclear bodies, chromatin states and gene expression is an overarching goal of nuclear-organization studies1-4. Because individual cells appear to be highly variable at all these levels5, it is essential to map different modalities in the same cells. Here we report the imaging of 3,660 chromosomal loci in single mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells using DNA seqFISH+, along with 17 chromatin marks and subnuclear structures by sequential immunofluorescence and the expression profile of 70 RNAs. Many loci were invariably associated with immunofluorescence marks in single mouse ES cells. These loci form 'fixed points' in the nuclear organizations of single cells and often appear on the surfaces of nuclear bodies and zones defined by combinatorial chromatin marks. Furthermore, highly expressed genes appear to be pre-positioned to active nuclear zones, independent of bursting dynamics in single cells. Our analysis also uncovered several distinct mouse ES cell subpopulations with characteristic combinatorial chromatin states. Using clonal analysis, we show that the global levels of some chromatin marks, such as H3 trimethylation at lysine 27 (H3K27me3) and macroH2A1 (mH2A1), are heritable over at least 3-4 generations, whereas other marks fluctuate on a faster time scale. This seqFISH+-based spatial multimodal approach can be used to explore nuclear organization and cell states in diverse biological systems.


Assuntos
Compartimento Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/genética , Genômica/métodos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/citologia , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Transcriptoma/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Cromossomos de Mamíferos/genética , Células Clonais/citologia , Imunofluorescência , Marcadores Genéticos , Histonas/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
J Med Food ; 23(10): 1120-1127, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833552

RESUMO

Dietary factors play a crucial role in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Therefore, we aimed to examine the associations between habitual green tea consumption and risk factors of CVD among T2DM patients. A total of 1013 patients with T2DM were included in a community-based cross-sectional study. Data on dietary habits, including tea consumption, were collected using a food frequency questionnaire. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze the associations. In men, as compared with nongreen tea drinkers, odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval [CI]) of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were 2.06 (95% CI, 1.20-3.55) for those with green tea consumption of once per day and 2.45 (95% CI, 1.31-4.58) for more than or equal to twice per day (P-trend = .004); ORs (95% CI) of general obesity were 2.19 (95% CI, 1.02-4.68) and 2.70 (95% CI, 1.18-6.21), respectively (P-trend = .021); whereas no such association was found in women. Sensitivity analysis according to self-awareness of their T2DM status revealed that the positive association between green tea consumption and general obesity was not reliable. Higher intake of green tea was still positively associated with NAFLD, but it only persisted in participants aged ≥52 years or the lower dietary quality subgroup in further analyses. Our findings suggest that tea consumption was associated with an increased risk of NAFLD among male T2DM patients aged 52 years or older, and those with lower dietary quality, which needs to be confirmed in future prospective studies.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Chá/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 420, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747637

RESUMO

While technologies for measuring transcriptomes in single cells have matured, methods for measuring proteins and their post-translational modification (PTM) states in single cells are still being actively developed. Unlike nucleic acids, proteins cannot be amplified, making detection of minute quantities from single cells difficult. Here, we develop a strategy to detect targeted protein and its PTM isoforms in single cells. We barcode the proteins from single cells by tagging them with oligonucleotides, pool barcoded cells together, run bulk gel electrophoresis to separate protein and its PTM isoform and quantify their abundances by sequencing the oligonucleotides associated with each protein species. We used this strategy, iDentification and qUantification sEparaTion (DUET), to measure histone protein H2B and its monoubiquitination isoform, H2Bub, in single yeast cells. Our results revealed the heterogeneities of H2B ubiquitination levels in single cells from different cell-cycle stages, which is obscured in ensemble measurements.


Assuntos
Histonas/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/genética , Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Célula Única , Histonas/isolamento & purificação , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquitinação/genética
18.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 463, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811971

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

19.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 25(1): 25, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence implicates excess weight as a potential risk factor for hearing loss. However, this association remained inconclusive. Therefore, we aimed to systematically and quantitatively review the published observational study on the association between body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) and hearing loss. METHODS: The odds ratios (ORs) or relative risks (RRs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled under a random-effects model. Fourteen observational studies were eligible for the inclusion in the final analysis. RESULTS: In the meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies, the ORs for prevalent hearing loss were 1.10 (95% CI 0.88, 1.38) underweight, 1.14 (95% CI 0.99, 1.32) for overweight, OR 1.40 (95% CI 1.14, 1.72) for obesity, 1.14 (95% CI 1.04, 1.24) for each 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI, and 1.22 (95% CO 0.88. 1.68) for higher WC. In the meta-analysis of longitudinal studies, the RRs were 0.96 (95% CI 0.52, 1.79) for underweight, 1.15 (95% CI 1.04, 1.27) for overweight, 1.38 (95% CI 1.07, 1.79) for obesity, 1.15 (95% CI 1.01, 1.30) for each 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI, and 1.11 (95% CI 1.01, 1.22) for higher WC. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our findings add weight to the evidence that elevated BMI and higher WC may be positively associated with the risk of hearing loss.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Índice de Massa Corporal , Perda Auditiva/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 49(1): 28, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aerosol generating medical procedures (AGMPs) present risks to health care workers (HCW) due to airborne transmission of pathogens. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential for HCWs to recognize which procedures are potentially aerosolizing so that appropriate infection prevention precautions can be taken. The aim of this literature review was to identify potential AGMPs in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery and provide evidence-based recommendations. METHODS: A literature search was performed on Medline, Embase and Cochrane Review databases up to April 3, 2020. All titles and abstracts of retrieved studies were evaluated and all studies mentioning potential AGMPs were included for formal review. Full text of included studies were assessed by two reviewers and the quality of the studies was evaluated. Ten categories of potential AGMPs were developed and recommendations were provided for each category. RESULTS: Direct evidence indicates that CO2 laser ablation, the use of high-speed rotating devices, electrocautery and endotracheal suctioning are AGMPs. Indirect evidence indicates that tracheostomy should be considered as potential AGMPs. Nasal endoscopy and nasal packing/epistaxis management can result in droplet transmission, but it is unknown if these procedures also carry the risk of airborne transmission. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic, special care should be taken when CO2 lasers, electrocautery and high-speed rotating devices are used in potentially infected tissue. Tracheal procedures like tracheostomy and endotracheal suctioning can also result in airborne transmission via small virus containing aerosols.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Controle de Infecções/normas , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Otorrinolaringopatias/complicações , Otorrinolaringopatias/cirurgia , Otorrinolaringopatias/virologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2
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