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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610470

RESUMO

Phospholipase D (PLD) generates the signaling lipid phosphatidic acid (PA) and has been known to mediate proliferation signal in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, it remains unclear how PLD contributes to vascular diseases. VSMC proliferation directly contributes to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty. Using the mouse carotid artery ligation model, we find that deletion of Pld1 gene inhibits neointima formation of the injuried blood vessels. PLD1 deficiency reduces the proliferation of VSMCs in both injured artery and primary cultures through the inhibition of ERK1/2 and AKT signals. Immunohistochemical staining of injured artery and flow cytometry analysis of VSMCs shows a reduction of the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in Pld1-/- VSMCs. An increase of intracellular ROS by hydrogen peroxide stimulation restored the reduced activities of ERK and AKT in Pld1-/- VSMCs, whereas a reduction of ROS by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) scavenger lowered their activity in wild-type VSMCs. These results indicate that PLD1 plays a critical role in neointima, and that PLD1 mediates VSMC proliferation signal through promoting the production of ROS. Therefore, inhibition of PLD1 may be used as a therapeutic approach to suppress neointimal formation in atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/genética , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/genética , Neointima/genética , Fosfolipase D/genética , Animais , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Artérias Carótidas/metabolismo , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Neointima/metabolismo , Neointima/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
2.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primary mediastinal cysts are infrequent lesions derived from a variety of mediastinal organs or structures. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice even in asymptomatic patients to prevent severe adverse events (AEs) and establish the diagnosis. Transesophageal endoscopic resection of benign mediastinal tumors has been proven feasible. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of transesophageal endoscopic surgery for mediastinal cysts. METHODS: From January 2016 to May 2021, patients with mediastinal cysts who underwent transesophageal endoscopic resection were retrospectively included. Clinicopathological characteristics, procedure-related parameters, AEs, and follow-up outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients with mediastinal cysts were included in this study. The mean cyst size was 3.3±1.3 cm. Histopathology revealed 3 bronchogenic cysts (30.0%), 4 esophageal duplication cysts (40.0%), 2 gastroenteric cysts (20.0%), and 1 lymphatic cyst (10.0%). All procedures were performed uneventfully without conversion to traditional surgery. En bloc resection was achieved in 6 patients (60.0%). Aggressive resection was avoided to prevent damage to the surrounding vital organs. Mean resection time and suture time were 58.0±36.4 min and 5.4±1.0 min, respectively. No major pneumothorax, bleeding, mucosal injury or fistula occurred. One patient had a transient febrile episode (>38.5°C). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 2.7±0.9 days. No residual or recurrent lesions were observed in any patient during a mean follow-up period of 29.8±19.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: Transesophageal endoscopic surgery appears to be a feasible, safe, effective, and much less invasive approach for mediastinal cyst resection. Larger prospective studies are required to fully assess the efficacy and safety of this novel technique.

3.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(11)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC), preoperative short-course radiotherapy (SCRT) with delayed surgery has been shown to be as effective as long-course chemoradiotherapy, with only modest benefits. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of preoperative SCRT combined with subsequent CAPOX (capecitabine and oxaliplatin) and the anti-PD-1 antibody camrelizumab in patients with LARC. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-arm, phase II trial. Treatment-naïve patients with histologically confirmed T3-4N0M0 or T1-4N+M0 rectal adenocarcinoma received 5×5 Gy SCRT with two subsequent 21-day cycles of CAPOX plus camrelizumab after 1 week, followed by radical surgery after 1 week. The primary endpoint was pathological complete response (pCR) rate. Biomarker analysis was performed to identify a potential predictor of pCR to treatment. RESULTS: From November 7, 2019 to September 14, 2020, 30 patients were enrolled, and 27 patients received at least one dose of CAPOX plus camrelizumab. Surgery was performed in 27 (100%) patients. The pCR (ypT0N0) rate was 48.1% (13/27), including 46.2% (12/26) for proficient mismatch repair (MMR) tumors and 100% (1/1) for deficient MMR tumors. Immune-related adverse events were all grade 1-2, with the most common being reactive cutaneous capillary endothelial proliferation (81.5%). No grade 4/5 adverse events occurred. Biomarker analysis showed patients without FGFR1-3 deletions had a better tendency for pCR. CONCLUSIONS: SCRT combined with subsequent CAPOX plus camrelizumab followed by delayed surgery showed a favorable pCR rate with good tolerance in patients with LARC, especially in the proficient MMR setting. A randomized controlled trial is ongoing to confirm these results. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04231552.

4.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1132-1140, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of ß2-drenergic receptor (ADRB2) regulatory region single nucleotides polymorphism (SNP)/haplotypes at rs11168070, rs17108803, rs2053044, rs12654778, rs11959427, and rs2895795 loci with childhood asthma. METHODS: A total of 143 children with asthma who attended the hospital from October 2016 to October 2020 were enrolled as the asthma group, among whom 61 children had mild symptoms (mild group) and 82 children had moderate-to-severe symptoms (moderate-to-severe group). A total of 137 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the two groups. The SNaPshot SNP technique was used to analyze the SNP and haplotypes of the ADRB2 regulatory region at rs11168070, rs17108803, rs2053044, rs12654778, rs11959427, and rs2895795 loci in all children. The asthma group and the control group were compared in terms of the association of ADRB2 regulatory region SNP and haplotypes at the above six loci with susceptibility to asthma and severity of asthma. RESULTS: Polymorphisms were observed in the ADRB2 regulation region at the above six loci in both the asthma group and the control group, with significant differences between the two groups in the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies at rs2895795 (-1429T /A), rs2053044(-1023G/A), and rs12654778 (-654G/A) loci (P<0.05). Linkage disequilibrium of SNP was observed at the six loci of the ADRB2 regulatory region.The haplotypes of TATGCT, TATGGC, and AGTGCT were associated with susceptibility to childhood asthma, among which TATGCT and TATGGC were risk factors for childhood asthma (OR=1.792 and 1.946 respectively, P<0.05), while AGTGCT was a protective factor (OR=0.523, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SNP/haplotype of the ADRB2 regulatory region is associated with the susceptibility to childhood asthma. The haplotypes of TATGCT and TATGGC formed by such SNP/haplotype are risk factors for childhood asthma, while AGTGCT is a protective factor.


Assuntos
Asma , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2 , Asma/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/genética , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico
5.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 777007, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778277

RESUMO

The current interventions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not satisfactory, and more precise targets and promising strategies need to be explored. Recent research has demonstrated the non-negligible roles of RNA epigenetic modifications such as N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and 5-methylcytosine (m5C) in various cancers, including HCC. However, the specific targeting mechanisms are not well elucidated. In this review, we focus on the occurrence and detailed physiopathological roles of multiple RNA modifications on diverse RNAs closely related to the HCC process. In particular, we highlight fresh insights into the impact mechanisms of these posttranscriptional modifications on the whole progression of HCC. Furthermore, we analyzed the possibilities and significance of these modifications and regulators as potential therapeutic targets in HCC treatment, which provides the foundation for exploring targeted intervention strategies. This review will propel the identification of promising therapeutic targets and novel strategies that can be translated into clinical applications for HCC treatment.

6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 969, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Os acromiale can be potentially missed or misdiagnosed as acromion fracture, and this can affect treatment determination if it is complicated with an ipsilateral shoulder injury. The clavicle hook plate is a widely used technique for distal clavicle injuries, leading to transacromial erosion, particularly when in the presence of os acromiale. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old man and a 78-year-old man who had limited mobility and severe pain in their right shoulders following falls attended the emergency center. Both patients were diagnosed with os acromiale with CT or MRI and acute distal clavicle fracture or acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Following a comprehensive evaluation, os acromiale may limit the application of a clavicle hook plate due to potential transacromial erosion. The distal clavicle fracture with ipsilateral os acromiale received treatment with a volar radius locking T plate, and the acromioclavicular joint dislocation with ipsilateral os acromiale was reconstructed using suture anchors. Both yielded satisfactory outcomes and voided transacromial erosion. CONCLUSIONS: Ipsilateral os acromiale may be a relative contraindication to the clavicle hook plate. An axillary lateral radiograph is recommended to detect potential os acromiale in patients using a hook plate.


Assuntos
Articulação Acromioclavicular , Fraturas Ósseas , Luxações Articulares , Articulação Acromioclavicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Acromioclavicular/cirurgia , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Clavícula/diagnóstico por imagem , Clavícula/cirurgia , Contraindicações , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Anal Chem ; 93(48): 16059-16067, 2021 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793122

RESUMO

Exosomes are a promising noninvasive tumor biomarker for cancer diagnosis and classification. However, efficient capture and precise analysis of exosomes in complex biological samples remain challenging. Here, sensitive profiling of exosomes with an integrated separation-detection strategy of 37 min is performed based on boronic acid-directed coupling immunoaffinity. The modification of g-C3N4 nanosheets with boronic acid (BCNNS) contributes to antibody binding under physiological conditions, which is accompanied by fluorescence enhancement. When exosomes are captured by an antibody equipped with BCNNS, a decrease in fluorescence can be induced; moreover, using the dispersion property of BCNNS, the exosomes can be separated by a simple centrifugation step. The protocol shows a favorable sensitivity with a detection limit of 2484 particles/mL. By changing only the fused antibody, exosome phenotype information profiling can be achieved, and exosomes derived from four different cell lines (HeLa, HepG2, MCF-7, and MCF-10A) can be successfully distinguished. More significantly, the positive prediction accuracy results reach 100% for serum samples from different individuals and have the advantage of multiple parameters; thus, the method has great potential in noninvasive diagnosis and point-of-care testing.

8.
Clin Lab ; 67(10)2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Development and progression of HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) are associated with inflammatory responses. We aimed to explore the utility of blood cell count-derived inflammatory markers (white blood cell, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, red cell distribution width, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio [MLR]) as prognostic index in HBV-ACLF patients. METHODS: A total of 160 HBV-ACLF patients were included in this retrospective study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of poor outcomes, and the performance of these predictors was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients died within 28 days after admission. MLR was markedly higher in non-survivors than in survivors. Moreover, MLR was an independent predictor for 28-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study found that MLR is a simple and accurate prognostic index for mortality in HBV-ACLF patients and can serve as a screening tool for prediction of poor outcomes in these patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 8851327, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646319

RESUMO

Lipotoxicity of palmitic acid (PA) or high-fat diets has been reported to increase endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy in peripheral tissue as well as apoptotic cell death. It also can lead to an AD-like pathological pattern. However, it has been unknown that PA-induced ER stress and autophagy are involved in the regulation of neuroplastic abnormalities. Here, we investigated the roles of ER stress and autophagy in apoptosis and neuroplasticity-related protein expression in PA-treated prefrontal cells. Prefrontal cells dissected from newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with PA compound with ER stress inhibitor 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) or PA alone. PA promoted ER stress and autophagy and also cause apoptosis as well as a decline in the expression of neuroplasticity-related proteins. Inhibition of ER stress decreased the expressions of neuroplasticity-related proteins and reduced autophagy activation and apoptosis in PA-treated prefrontal cells. Inhibition of autophagy exacerbated apoptosis and enhanced ER stress in PA-treated prefrontal cells. The present study illustrated that both ER stress and autophagy could be involved in apoptosis and decreased neuroplasticity-related proteins, and the interaction between ER stress and autophagy may play a critical role in apoptosis in PA-treated prefrontal cells. Our results provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms in vitro of lipotoxicity in obesity-related cognitive dysfunction.

10.
Front Genet ; 12: 726552, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691150

RESUMO

Objective: The manuscript aims to explore the relationship between power performance and SNPs of Chinese elite athletes and to create polygenic models. Methods: One hundred three Chinese elite athletes were divided into the power group (n = 60) and endurance group (n = 43) by their sports event. Best standing long jump (SLJ) and standing vertical jump (SVJ) were collected. Twenty SNPs were genotyped by SNaPshot. Genotype distribution and allele frequency were compared between groups. Additional genotype data of 125 Chinese elite athletes were used to verify the screened SNPs. Predictive and identifying models were established by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: ACTN3 (rs1815739), ADRB3 (rs4994), CNTFR (rs2070802), and PPARGC1A (rs8192678) were significantly different in genotype distribution or allele frequency between groups (p < 0.05). The predictive model consisted of ACTN3 (rs1815739), ADRB3 (rs4994), and PPARGC1A (rs8192678), the area under curve (AUC) of which was 0.736. The identifying model consisted of body mass index (BMI), standing vertical jump (SVJ), ACTN3, ADRB3, and PPARGC1A, the area under curve (AUC) of which was 0.854. Based on the two models, nomograms were created to visualize the results. Conclusion: Two models can be used for talent identification in Chinese athletes, among which the predictive model can be used in adolescent athletes to predict development potential of power performance and the identifying one can be used in elite athletes to evaluate power athletic status. These can be applied quickly and visually by using nomograms. When the score is more than the 130 or 148 cutoff, it suggests that the athlete has a good development potential or a high level for power performance.

11.
Front Oncol ; 11: 714598, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540683

RESUMO

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a precancerous condition associated with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), but its evolutionary mechanism is unclear. Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) are closely related to the occurrence and development of CP and PDAC, but it is not clear whether PSCs play a key role in this "inflammation-cancer transition". Our research found that co-culture with activated PSCs promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of normal pancreatic duct epithelial cells and pancreatic cancer cells. At the same time, activated PSCs had a significant effect on the expression of the glycolysis markers (pyruvate kinase M2, lactate dehydrogenase A, glucose transporter 1, hexokinase-II and monocarboxylate transporter 4; PKM2, LDHA, GLUT1, HK2 and MCT4) in normal pancreatic duct epithelial cells and pancreatic cancer cells and increased lactic acid production and glucose consumption in these two cells. In vivo experiments showed that the expression of the glycolysis markers in pancreatic duct epithelial cells and the marker protein (α-SMA) of activated PSCs in the pancreatic duct peripancreatic interstitium were higher in pancreatic cancer tissues and chronic pancreatitis tissues than in normal pancreatic tissues in both animals and humans. In addition, analysis of human tissue specimens showed that there is a correlation between the expression of glycolysis markers and α-SMA. These findings indicate that activated PSCs play an important role in the development and progression of chronic pancreatitis into pancreatic cancer by regulating and promoting aerobic glycolysis. Our research provides a new theoretical basis for further understanding the mechanism of CP malignancy and the selection of targets for reversing CP malignancy.

12.
Front Oncol ; 11: 712746, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568042

RESUMO

Background: Alterations in lipid metabolism are increasingly being recognized. However, the application of lipid metabolism in the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) has not yet been explored. Methods: A total of 204 lipid metabolism relative genes were analyzed in the GC cohort from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and four independent cohorts from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and one cohort from Wuhan Union Hospital were applied for external validation. Differential expression and enrichment analyses were performed between GC and normal tissue. The LASSO-Cox proportional hazard regression model was applied to select prognostic genes and to construct a gene expression profile. Results: Our research indicated that higher expression level of AKR1B1, PLD1, and UGT8 were correlated with worse prognosis of GC patients, while AGPAT3 was correlated with better prognosis. Furthermore, we developed a gene profile composed of AGPAT3, AKR1B1, PLD1, and UGT8 suggested three groups with a significant difference in overall survival (OS). The profile was successfully validated in an independent cohort and performed well in the immunohistochemical cohort. Furthermore, we found that ether lipid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and glycerolipid metabolism were upregulated, and fatty acid ß-oxidation and other lipid peroxidation processes were reduced in GC. Conclusion: Collectively, we found lipid metabolism is reliable and clinically applicable in predicting the prognosis of GC based on a novel gene profile.

14.
Kidney Int ; 100(6): 1268-1281, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534552

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested the role of CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in protection against kidney ischemia reperfusion injury via their immunosuppressive properties. Unfortunately, the associated mechanisms of Tregs in kidney ischemia reperfusion injury have not been fully elucidated. Semaphorin 4A (Sema4A) is essential for maintaining the immunosuppressive capacity of Tregs in tumors. However, whether Sema4A can alleviate kidney ischemia reperfusion injury through Tregs has not yet been demonstrated. Here, we investigated the effect and mechanism of Sema4A on the development of kidney ischemia reperfusion injury. Administration of recombinant human Sema4A-Fc chimera protein prior to ischemia reperfusion injury promoted the expansion and function of Tregs and decreased the accumulation of neutrophils and proinflammatory macrophages thereby attenuating functional and histological injury of the injured kidneys. Depletion of Tregs abrogated the protective effect of Sema4A on kidney ischemia reperfusion injury, suggesting Tregs as the main target cell type for Sema4A in the development of this injury. Mechanistically, Sema4A bound to neuropilin 1 (Nrp1), a cell surface receptor for Sema4A and other ligands and a key regulator of Tregs, which then promoted recruitment of phosphatase and tensin homologue and suppressed the Akt-mTOR pathway in Foxp3Cre mice but not in Nrp1f/fFoxp3Cre mice. Consistently, Treg-specific deletion of Nrp1 blocked the effect of Sema4A on the expansion and function of Treg cells. Thus, our results demonstrate that the Sema4A-Nrp1 axis alleviates the development of ischemia reperfusion injury by promoting the stability and function of Tregs in mouse kidneys.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 50(41): 14714-14723, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586106

RESUMO

The reaction of the redox-active tetrathiafulvalene ligand and lanthanide ions is an important approach to prepare photo-electro-magnetic multifunctional metal-organic framework materials. A series of isostructural lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs) based on the in situ generated tetrathiafulvalene dicarboxylate (TTF-DC) ligand, {[Ln4(TTF-DC)6(DMF)4(H2O)2]·4DMF}n (Ln = Gd (1-Gd), Tb (1-Tb), Dy (1-Dy) and Er (1-Er)), was synthesized and characterized. These Ln-MOFs display tunable redox-active properties and semiconductor performance, and their electronic conductivities have been significantly improved after oxidation. All MOFs except 2-Tb exhibit slow magnetic relaxation under an applied dc field. 1-Dy and 2-Dy show field-induced single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviour with energy barriers (Ueff) of 30.77 K (τ0 = 5.23 × 10-8) and 26.41 K (1.04 × 10-8 s), respectively.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 60(16): 12039-12048, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346678

RESUMO

By the bridging action of the 6-chloro-2-hydroxypyridine (Hchp) ligand and the terminal coordination role of the homochiral ligand, (-)/(+)-3-trifluoroacetyl camphor (l-Htfc/d-Htfc), a pair of enantiomerically pure dysprosium(III) dinuclear complexes, [Dy2(l-tfc)4(chp)2(MeOH)2] (l-1) and [Dy2(d-tfc)4(chp)2(MeOH)2] (d-1), was obtained. Their circular dichroism (CD) spectra verified their enantiomeric nature. Magnetic investigation indicated that they exhibit ferromagnetic interaction and good zero field single-molecule magnet (SMM) properties. The Ueff/k values of l-1 and d-1 at 0 Oe are 180.5 and 181.3 K, respectively, which are large values for homochiral Dy(III) SMMs. A reasonable explanation for the magnetic properties of l-1 and d-1 was supplied by ab initio calculations. Remarkably, magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) investigation revealed that the chiral Dy2 enantiomers show a strong magneto-optical Faraday effect at room temperature, suggesting potential applications in magneto-optical devices.

17.
Front Neurol ; 12: 670220, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354657

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is currently one of the main diseases afflicting the elderly in the world. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that brain energy metabolism disorders are the key pathogenic factors and main early pathological features of AD. Many risk factors such as insulin resistance, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, Aß-amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated tau, aging, and neuroinflammation are involved in brain energy metabolism disorders. In this study, 1,379 Web of Science publications on the mechanisms of brain energy metabolism disorders in AD, all published from 2000 to 2020, were analyzed. Some network maps were drawn using CiteSpace and VOSviewer software which can be used to clarify research focus, forecast research frontiers and development trends, and provide different perspectives and characteristics in AD brain energy metabolism disorder mechanisms.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9927330, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355041

RESUMO

Background: Lipid levels become decreased in cirrhotic patients and are correlated with disease severity. In the present study, we investigated the impact of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on prognosis in patients with HBV-associated decompensated cirrhosis (HBV-DeCi). Methods: The medical records of 153 HBV-DeCi patients were analyzed. Patients were separated into survivors and nonsurvivors according to their 30-day survival. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of poor outcomes, and the performance of these predictors was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The 30-day mortality in the cohort was 18.9%. HDL-C levels differed markedly between survivors and nonsurvivors. On multivariate analysis, Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and HDL-C level were identified as independent risk factors for mortality in HBV-DeCi patients. In the ROC analyses, the prognostic accuracy for mortality was similar between HDL-C (area under ROC curve: 0.785) and MELD score (area under ROC curve: 0.853). Conclusions: Low HDL-C level had a significant correlation with mortality in HBV-DeCi patients and can be used as a simple marker for risk assessment and selection of therapeutic options.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Feminino , Hepatite B/mortalidade , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342981

RESUMO

Metal ions are important trace elements in the human body, which directly affect the human metabolism and the regeneration of damaged tissues. For instance, the advanced combination of magnesium ions (Mg2+) and bone repair materials make the composite materials have the function of promoting vascular repair and enhancing the adhesion of osteoblasts. Herein, inspired by magnets to attract metals, we utilized the coordination reaction of metal ion ligand to construct a bisphosphonate-functionalized injectable hydrogel microsphere (GelMA-BP-Mg) which could promote cancellous bone reconstruction of osteoporotic bone defect via capturing Mg2+. By grafting bisphosphonate (BP) on GelMA microspheres, GelMA-BP microspheres could produce powerful Mg2+ capture ability and sustained release performance through coordination reaction, while sustained release BP has bone-targeting properties. In the injectable GelMA-BP-Mg microsphere system, the atomic percentage of captured Mg2+ was 0.6%, and the captured Mg2+ could be effectively released for 18 days. These proved that the composite microspheres could effectively capture Mg2+ and provided the basis for the composite microspheres to activate osteoblasts and endothelial cells and inhibit osteoclasts. Both in vivo and in vitro experimental results revealed that the magnet-inspired Mg2+-capturing composite microspheres are beneficial to osteogenesis and angiogenesis by stimulating osteoblasts and endothelial cells while restraining osteoclasts, and ultimately effectively promote cancellous bone regeneration. This study could provide some meaningful conceptions for the treatment of osteoporotic bone defects on the basis of metal ions.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 60(17): 13366-13375, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428893

RESUMO

By utilizing Dy(hfac)3(H2O)2 to react with enantiomerically pure tridentate N,N,N-pincer ligands, namely (-)/(+)-2,6-bis(4',5'-pinene-2'-pyridyl)pyridine (LR and LS), respectively, homochiral DyIII enantiomeric pairs formulated as Dy(hfac)3LR/Dy(hfac)3LS (R-1/S-1) (hfac- = hexafluoroacetylacetonate) were achieved and structurally characterized. Meanwhile, their magnetic, photoluminescent (PL), and chiroptical properties were probed. The PL test results indicate that the precursor Dy(hfac)3(H2O)2 only shows very weak emission, while R-1 exhibits characteristic DyIII f-f transition emission bands at room temperature. Furthermore, the nonlinear optical responses of Dy(hfac)3(H2O)2, LR/LS, and R-1/S-1 were investigated in detail based on crystalline samples. The results reveal that LR and LS present the coexistence of second- and third-harmonic generation (SHG and THG) responses with more intense signals for SHG responses; and Dy(hfac)3(H2O)2 merely displays weak THG responses, while R-1 and S-1 also only exhibit THG responses. However, the THG intensities of R-1 and S-1 are more than six times larger than that of Dy(hfac)3(H2O)2 under the identical measurement conditions. These results demonstrate that introducing homochiral N,N,N-pincer ligands to replace two H2O molecules of Dy(hfac)3(H2O)2 results in significant improvements of both PL performances and THG responses of resultant R-1/S-1 enantiomers. R-1 and S-1 integrate PL, THG, and chiral optical activity in one molecule, suggesting their multifunctional merits. In particular, a convenient method is introduced to simultaneously test THG and SHG responses of molecular materials based on crystalline samples in this work.

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