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J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 595-606, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591721


BACKGROUND: Climate change has posed great challenges to rice production. Temperature and solar radiation show significant variations in central China. This study aims to analyze the responses of different rice genotypes to the variations of temperature and solar radiation in central China, and to find the way of identifying the optimal sowing date to improve and stabilize rice production. For this end, four rice genotypes (two Indica and two Japonica cultivars) were cultivated at two locations under irrigation conditions in 2 years with six sowing dates. RESULTS: We investigated variations of rice grain yield, resource use efficiency, average daily temperature and solar radiation during different phenological stages. Rice grain yield could increase by about 2-17% in central China. Compared with solar radiation, temperature was a more important factor affecting rice grain yield in central China. The grain yield showed great correlation with the means temperature during different phenological stages, especially during the first 20 days after heading (GT20). Besides our results demonstrated that the grain yield displayed slender variations when the GT20 was within 24.9-26.4 °C. However, GT20 was higher than 26.4 °C in most cases, which became more frequent due to climate changes. Analysis of climate change during the last 25 years revealed that the frequency of GT20 within 24.9-26.4 °C was increased by the delay of sowing date. CONCLUSION: We propose that delaying sowing date to achieve the optimal GT20 (24.9 °C-26.4 °C) can be an effective strategy to stabilize and improve rice grain yield and resource use efficiency in central China. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

Produção Agrícola/métodos , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Irrigação Agrícola , China , Mudança Climática , Genótipo , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Água/análise , Água/metabolismo
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(38): 35030-35038, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487146


Garnet-type solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) show a promising application in solid-state Li batteries. Poor interfacial contact with lithium causing large interfacial impedance and dendrite penetration is a problem. Inspired by unique H+/Li+ exchange of garnet electrolyte, we used an AgNO3 aqueous solution induced strategy to construct a lithiophilic layer in situ on the garnet surface without any specific apparatus. Experimental analysis reveals the uniform distribution of Ag nanoparticles and significantly enhanced affinity between the solid state electrolyte (SSE) and Li anode for the Li-Ag alloying. As expected, the interfacial area specific resistance (ASR) is greatly reduced to ∼4.5 Ω cm2, accompanying with long-cycling stability for ∼3500 h at 0.2 mA cm-2 and high critical current density of 0.75 mA cm-2. With modified SSEs, quasi-solid-state batteries with a LiFePO4 or LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 cathode operate well at room temperature and an all-solid-state LiFePO4/garnet/Li battery displays good cycling stability for over 200 cycles at 60 °C.

Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5351, 2019 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926826


Nitrogen (N) and carbon(C) metabolisms in plants were investigated to assess different responses of Bt and non-Bt rice to different N treatments. T2A-1 (Bt rice variety) inserted with Cry2A* protein to resist Lepidoptera and its parental line MH63 was adopted in this study. The total N accumulation presented no statistical difference. But nitrogen contents in different parts of rice plant were significantly different between the two lines, especially on leaf and spike part. This study revealed that the nitrogen in leaf of T2A-1 was far more than that of MH63; however, the nitrogen in spike of T2A-1 was less than that of MH63. In addition, MH63 assimilated more carbon than T2A-1. However, the distribution proportion of carbon in leaf, stem and spike of T2A-1 and MH63 were both 1:1:1. What's more, our study of the difference in metabolism pathway based on proteomics analysis provided more insights on the responses of two lines of Bt and non-Bt rice to different N treatments. And amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, and carbohydrate metabolism presented significant difference between two lines. In addition, the number of differentially expressed proteins with N deficiency treatment was almost twice as many as that with normal N treatment. It could be inferred that the insertion of Cry2A* in T2A-1 may bring about effects on carbon and nitrogen allocation and related metabolisms, especially under N deficiency environment.

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 21(8): 2010-6, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21043109


A field experiment was conducted to study the dynamics of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), readily oxidizable organic carbon (ROC), and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) in a paddy soil under integrated rice-duck farming (RD), intermittent irrigation (RW), and conventional flooded irrigation (CK), the three rice farming modes typical in southern China. Under these three farming modes, the soil DOC and MBC contents reached the highest during the period from rice booting to heading, while the soil ROC content had less change during the whole rice growth period. Two-factor variance analysis showed that soil MBC was greatly affected by rice growth stage, soil DOC was greatly affected by rice growth stage and farming mode, and soil ROC was mainly affected by farming mode. Comparing with CK, RD significantly increased the soil DOC and ROC contents and their availability, while RW significantly decreased the soil DOC content and its availability but increased the soil ROC content and its availability. No significant differences were observed in the soil MBC and microbial quotient among RD, RW, and CK.

Agricultura/métodos , Carbono/análise , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo/análise , Microbiologia do Solo
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 20(6): 1375-82, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19795647


By using quadratic orthogonal rotation combinatorial design, and taking aluminum (Al), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), and phosphorus (P) as test factors, the regression models of test factors and the survival rate (SR), shoot mass per hundred plants (SMHP), root mass per one hundred plant seedlings (RMHP), and proline contents (PC) of rice seedlings were established, with the individual and interactive effects of the factors analyzed. The individual effects of test factors on the SR, SMHP, RMHP, and PC of rice seedlings decreased in the order of Al > P > Se > Si. Al showed negative effect, while Se, Si, and P showed positive effect. There were no significant interactive effects between the factors, except between Al and Si. Simulated optimization test showed that rice seedlings could grow better in an Al-containing solution when the Al was within the range of 0.587-0.913 mmol L(-1), Se was of 0.478-0.564 mg x L(-1), Si was of 0.613-1.069 mmol x L(-1), and P was of 2.252-2.657 mmol L(-1).

Alumínio/toxicidade , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fósforo/farmacologia , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Selênio/farmacologia , Alumínio/farmacologia , Interações de Medicamentos , Modelos Teóricos , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Silício/farmacologia
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 17(10): 1859-65, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17209383


With hybrid rice cultivar Liangyou Peijiu as test material, this paper studied its biological characteristics and water use efficiency under effects of four irrigation modes. Compared with continuous flooding irrigation, intermittent irrigation increased the leaf area index, photosynthetic rate and water use efficiency, and decreased the leaf transpiration rate. Semi-dry cultivation increased the leaf water use efficiency, while dry cultivation decreased the leaf area index, photosynthetic rate, and water use efficiency, and induced the leaf senescence in later growth period. Under intermittent irrigation, semi-dry cultivation and dry cultivation, the water consumption of paddy rice was 8. 75% , 17. 96% and 29. 69% lower, and its grain yield was 24. 02% higher but 5. 07% and 38. 93% lower than that under continuous flooding irrigation, respectively. The water use efficiency was the highest under intermittent irrigation, relatively high under semi-dry cultivation, but relatively low under continuous flooding irrigation and dry cultivation. Compared with other irrigation modes, intermittent irrigation increased the milled rice rate, head rice rate and grain length, while decreased the chalky rice and chalkiness. With the reduction of water consumption, the amylose content of rice grain decreased, but the gel consistency and protein content increased. Intermittent irrigation could be a favorable irrigation mode for the paddy rice planting in Southern China.

Agricultura/métodos , Oryza/fisiologia , Transpiração Vegetal/fisiologia , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Hibridização Genética , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Água/metabolismo