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1.
Ann Hum Genet ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691269

RESUMO

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the UHRF gene have been shown to be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in European and Hong Kong Chinese, but statistically significant evidence for association has not been found in a mainland Han Chinese population. Therefore, we selected SNP rs13205210 located in UHRF1BP1 as a candidate association from our previously published genome-wide association study (GWAS) data of SLE (1,047 cases and 1,205 controls from a mainland Han Chinese population) to explore the association between the UHRF1BP1 gene and SLE. We conducted a large-scale replication study in an additional independent sample of 3,509 cases and 8,246 controls from a mainland Han Chinese population. Real-time PCR was used to determine gene expression differences in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from cases and controls. As a result, we replicated the association between the UHRF1BP1 gene and SLE (rs13205210, missense, Pmeta   = 2.26E-17, odds ratio = 1.41) by a meta-analysis of our previous GWAS and this replication study involving a total of 4,556 cases and 9,451 controls. The UHRF1BP1 mRNA expression level in PBMCs was significantly decreased in patients with SLE compared with that in healthy controls. SNP rs13205210 exhibited an expression quantitative trait loci effect on the UHRF1BP1 gene in PBMCs from patients. In conclusion, this study not only suggests that the UHRF1BP1 gene was associated with SLE in a mainland Han Chinese population, but also implied that it might be a common genetic factor contributing to SLE susceptibility in multiple populations.

2.
Epigenomics ; 11(14): 1613-1625, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701765

RESUMO

Aim: To understand whether the anatomical location of origin plays a role in shaping the DNA methylation (DNAm) landscape of psoriatic skins. Patients & methods: A number of 108 psoriatic and 57 control skin samples were grouped based on their anatomical locations. Two group t-tests were used to identify those differentially methylated sites and regions. Target region methylation loci were validated by bisulfate conversion sequencing. The correlations of DNAm with pathological features, DNAm and gene expression were also interrogated. Results: Our analysis revealed 315 location-specific differentially methylated sites for back, 291 for the extremities and 801 for abdomen. Moreover, we observed that the extremity-specific loci cg21942490 located on HOXA9 is associated with hyperkeratosis. We further observed that HOXA5 and KIAA1949 are differential methylation regions. Conclusion: Our study shown evidence of anatomical location-dependent DNAm pattern in psoriasis skins, and thus provided new insights into the pathogenesis of this disease.

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