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1.
J Chem Neuroanat ; 119: 102058, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896558

RESUMO

Schisandrin A and B (Sch A and B) are the important components of Asian dietary supplement and phytomedicine Schisandra chinensis (S. chinensis). They can enhance adult neurogenesis in vivo; however, these effects still need to be verified. Here NE-4 C neural stem cells (NSCs) were employed as the in vitro model and treated with Sch A and B at 0.1 µg/mL. EdU (5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine) labeling showed that both Sch A and B treatments enhanced NSC proliferation. Real-time PCR analysis showed the mRNA abundances of telomerase gene Tert and cell cycle gene Cyclin D1 were significantly up-regulated after the treatments. During the neurosphere induction, Sch B enhanced the neurosphere formation and neuronal differentiation, and increased the neurosphere semidiameters. Detection of the neuron differentiation marker Mapt indicates that both Sch A and B, especially Sch B, benefits the induced neuronal differentiation. Sch B treatment also enhanced mRNA expressions of the neurosphere-specific adhesion molecule Cdh2 and Wnt pathway-related genes including Mmp9, Cyclin D1 and ß-catenin. Together, Sch A especially Sch B, promotes the proliferation, affects the survival, differentiation and neurogenesis of NSCs, which is consistent with their in vivo effects. This study provides further clue on the potential neuropharmacological effects of S. chinensis.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 150(2): 243-252, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498732

RESUMO

Gastric atrophy caused by Helicobacter pylori infection was suggested to influence the risk of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEGJ), however, the evidence remains limited. We aimed to examine the associations of H. pylori infection and gastric atrophy (defined using serum pepsinogen [PG] I to PGII ratio) with AEGJ risk, based on a population-based case-control study in Taixing, China (2010-2014), with 349 histopathologically confirmed AEGJ cases and 1859 controls. We explored the potential effect modification by H. pylori serostatus and sex on the association of serum PGs with AEGJ risk. We used unconditional logistic regression models to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). H. pylori seropositivity was associated with an elevated AEGJ risk (OR = 1.95, 95% CI: 1.47-2.63). Neither CagA-positive nor VacA-positive strains dramatically changed this association. Gastric atrophy (PGI/PGII ratio ≤4) was positively associated with AEGJ risk (OR = 2.36, 95% CI: 1.72-3.22). The fully adjusted ORs for AEGJ progressively increased with the increasing levels of PGII (P-trend <.001). H. pylori showed nonsignificant effect modification (P-interaction = .385) on the association of gastric atrophy with AEGJ. In conclusion, H. pylori and gastric atrophy were positively associated with AEGJ risk. These results may contribute evidence to the ongoing research on gastric atrophy-related cancers and guide the prevention and control of AEGJ.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Gastrite Atrófica/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Adenocarcinoma/microbiologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/microbiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrite Atrófica/microbiologia , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
3.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 405, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795208

RESUMO

Thalidomide induces γ-globin expression in erythroid progenitor cells, but its efficacy on patients with transfusion-dependent ß-thalassemia (TDT) remains unclear. In this phase 2, multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial, we aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of thalidomide in TDT patients. A hundred patients of 14 years or older were randomly assigned to receive placebo or thalidomide for 12 weeks, followed by an extension phase of at least 36 weeks. The primary endpoint was the change of hemoglobin (Hb) level in the patients. The secondary endpoints included the red blood cell (RBC) units transfused and adverse effects. In the placebo-controlled period, Hb concentrations in patients treated with thalidomide achieved a median elevation of 14.0 (range, 2.5 to 37.5) g/L, whereas Hb in patients treated with placebo did not significantly change. Within the 12 weeks, the mean RBC transfusion volume for patients treated with thalidomide and placebo was 5.4 ± 5.0 U and 10.3 ± 6.4 U, respectively (P < 0.001). Adverse events of drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, pyrexia, sore throat, and rash were more common with thalidomide than placebo. In the extension phase, treatment with thalidomide for 24 weeks resulted in a sustainable increase in Hb concentrations which reached 104.9 ± 19.0 g/L, without blood transfusion. Significant increase in Hb concentration and reduction in RBC transfusions were associated with non ß0/ß0 and HBS1L-MYB (rs9399137 C/T, C/C; rs4895441 A/G, G/G) genotypes. These results demonstrated that thalidomide is effective in patients with TDT.

4.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8886897, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603561

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignant tumour that originates in the gastric mucosal epithelium and is associated with high mortality rates worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified to play an important role in the development of various tumours, including GC. Yet, lncRNA biomarkers in a competing endogenous RNA network (ceRNA network) that are used to predict survival prognosis remain lacking. The aim of this study was to construct a ceRNA network and identify the lncRNA signature as prognostic factors for survival prediction. Methods: The lncRNAs with overall survival significance were used to construct the ceRNA network. Function enrichment, protein-protein interaction, and cluster analysis were performed for dysregulated mRNAs. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to screen the potential prognostic lncRNAs. RT-qPCR was used to measure the relative expression levels of lncRNAs in cell lines. CCK8 assay was used to assess the proliferation of GC cells transfected with sh-lncRNAs. Results: Differentially expressed genes were identified including 585 lncRNAs, 144 miRNAs, and 2794 mRNAs. The ceRNA network was constructed using 35 DElncRNAs associated with overall survival of GC patients. Functional analysis revealed that these dysregulated mRNAs were enriched in cancer-related pathways, including TGF-beta, Rap 1, calcium, and the cGMP-PKG signalling pathway. A multivariate Cox regression analysis and cumulative risk score suggested that two of those lncRNAs (LINC01644 and LINC01697) had significant prognostic value. Furthermore, the results indicate that LINC01644 and LINC01697 were upregulated in GC cells. Knockdown of LINC01644 or LINC01697 suppressed the proliferation of GC cells. Conclusions: The authors identified 2-lncRNA signature in ceRNA regulatory network as prognostic biomarkers for the prediction of GC patient survival and revealed that silencing LINC01644 or LINC01697 inhibited the proliferation of GC cells.

5.
Waste Manag ; 136: 47-56, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637978

RESUMO

Catalytic pyrolysis is considered a promising strategy for the utilisation of plastic waste from the economic and environmental perspectives. As such, the supporting materials play a critical role in the properties of the catalyst. This study clarified this influence on the dispersion of the iron (Fe) within an experimental context. Four different types of typical supports with different physical structures were introduced and explored in a two-stage fixed-bed reactor; these included metallic oxides (Al2O3, TiO2), a non-metallic oxide (SiO2), and molecular sieves (ZSM-5). The results show that the liquid products were converted into carbon deposits and lighter gaseous products, such as hydrogen. The Al2O3-supported catalyst with a relatively moderate specific surface areas and average pore diameter exhibited improved metal distribution with higher catalytic activity. In comparison, the relatively low specific surface areas of TiO2 and small average pore diameters of ZSM-5 had a negative impact on metal distribution and the subsequent catalytic reformation process; this was because of the inadequate reaction during the catalytic process. The Fe/Al2O3 catalyst produced a higher yield of carbon deposits (30.2 wt%), including over 65% high-value carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and hydrogen content (58.7 vol%). Additionally, more dispersive and uniform CNTs were obtained from the Fe/SiO2 catalyst. The Fe/TiO2 catalyst promoted the formation of carbon fibre twisted like fried dough twist. Notably, there was interesting correspondence between the size of the reduced Fe nanoparticles and the product distribution. Within certain limits, the smaller Fe particle size facilitates the catalytic activity. The smaller and better dispersed Fe particles over the support materials were observed to be essential for hydrocarbon cracking and the subsequent formation of carbon deposits. The findings from this study may provide specific guidance for the preparation of different forms of carbon materials.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Pirólise , Catálise , Ferro , Polipropilenos , Dióxido de Silício
6.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-18, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704503

RESUMO

Obesity has become a global health concern. It increases the risk of several diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and certain cancers, which threatens human health and increases social economic burden. As one of the most consumed beverages, tea contains various phytochemicals with potent bioactive properties and health-promoting effects, such as antioxidant, immune-regulation, cardiovascular protection and anticancer. Tea and its components are also considered as potential candidates for anti-obesity. Epidemiological studies indicate that regular consumption of tea is beneficial for reducing body fat. In addition, the experimental studies demonstrate that the potential anti-obesity mechanisms of tea are mainly involved in increasing energy expenditure and lipid catabolism, decreasing nutrient digestion and absorption as well as lipid synthesis, and regulating adipocytes, neuroendocrine system and gut microbiota. Moreover, most of clinical studies illustrate that the intake of green tea could reduce body weight and alleviate the obesity. In this review, we focus on the effect of tea and its components on obesity from epidemiological, experimental, and clinical studies, and discuss their potential mechanisms.

7.
Ann Geriatr Med Res ; 25(3): 210-216, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While sarcopenia and frailty independently contribute to functional impairment and disability, the combined impact resulting from their interplay is unclear. We investigated if functional, physical, cognitive, and nutritional measures were more adversely affected in community-dwelling older adults who were screened positive for both frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: Using the FRAIL (≥1) and SARC-F (Strength, Assistance with walking, Rising from a chair, Climbing stairs, and Falls) (≥1) scales for screening, we categorized 200 participants (age, 67.9±7.9 years) as combined (both positive, 12.5%), intermediate (either positive, 25.5%), or robust (both negative, 62%). RESULTS: Comparisons of the three groups showed that the combined group had significantly worse functional ability (Frenchay Activities Index and Modified Barthel Index), physical performance (knee extension, gait speed, and Short Physical Performance Battery score), cognition/mood (Chinese Mini-Mental State Examination [CMMSE] score and Geriatric Depression Scale), and nutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment [MNA] score) (p<0.05, one-way analysis of variance). Post-hoc comparisons revealed similar findings between the combined and robust groups, except for knee extension and CMMSE scores. Only MNA scores were significantly lower between the intermediate and robust groups. CONCLUSION: Functional ability, physical performance, and nutrition were more adversely affected in our study population of community-dwelling older adults who screened positive for both frailty and sarcopenia than in those who screened positive for either or neither, supporting the use of community screening for early detection and intervention for both frailty and sarcopenia as opposed to either alone.

8.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579087

RESUMO

Metabolic diseases are serious threats to public health and related to gut microbiota. Probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, and postbiotics (PPSP) are powerful regulators of gut microbiota, thus possessing prospects for preventing metabolic diseases. Therefore, the effects and mechanisms of PPSP on metabolic diseases targeting gut microbiota are worth discussing and clarifying. Generally, PPSP benefit metabolic diseases management, especially obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The underlying gut microbial-related mechanisms are mainly the modulation of gut microbiota composition, regulation of gut microbial metabolites, and improvement of intestinal barrier function. Moreover, clinical trials showed the benefits of PPSP on patients with metabolic diseases, while the clinical strategies for gestational diabetes mellitus, optimal formula of synbiotics and health benefits of postbiotics need further study. This review fully summarizes the relationship between probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, postbiotics, and metabolic diseases, presents promising results and the one in dispute, and especially attention is paid to illustrates potential mechanisms and clinical effects, which could contribute to the next research and development of PPSP.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Metabólicas/terapia , Prebióticos , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Simbióticos , Bactérias/classificação , Humanos , Doenças Metabólicas/microbiologia
9.
Pharmazie ; 76(9): 431-436, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481534

RESUMO

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 (S-Rg3) has good antitumor activity and has been used in clinical oral antitumor therapy. However, the effect of S-Rg3 on the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has not been reported. In this study, we used CCK8, cell wound healing, Transwell, and western blotting assays as well as small interfering RNA to decrease GLI1 protein expression to investigate the effect of S-Rg3 on the Hh pathway in A549 cells. The results showed that S-Rg3 substantially inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, S-Rg3 had significant regulatory effects on PTCH1 and GLI1, key proteins in the Hh pathway, causing significant upregulation of PTCH1 levels and downregulation of GLI1 expression. After silencing the Hh signaling pathway, the inhibitory effect of S-Rg3 administration on the expression of epithelial mesenchymal transition-related proteins was further enhanced. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that Rg3 molecules could bind stably to PTCH1 protein through hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonds, and π-π stacking forces. Thus, S-Rg3 can regulate Hh signaling pathway transduction in A549 cells to inhibit lung cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial mesenchymal transition.

10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 42(12): 1991-2003, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531546

RESUMO

We have previously shown that roflupram (ROF) protects against MPP+-induced neuronal damage in models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Since impaired degradation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is one of the key factors that lead to PD, here we investigated whether and how ROF affects the degradation of α-syn in rotenone (ROT)-induced PD models in vivo and in vitro. We showed that pretreatment with ROF (10 µM) significantly attenuated cell apoptosis and reduced the level of α-syn in ROT-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, ROF significantly enhanced the lysosomal function, as evidenced by the increased levels of mature cathepsin D (CTSD) and lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP1) through increasing NAD+/NADH and the expression of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). Pretreatment with an SIRT1 inhibitor selisistat (SELI, 10 µM) attenuated the neuroprotection of ROF, ROF-reduced expression of α-syn, and ROF-increased expression levels of LAMP1 and mature CTSD. Moreover, inhibition of CTSD by pepstatin A (20 µM) attenuated ROF-reduced expression of α-syn. In vivo study was conducted in mice exposed to ROT (10 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.) for 6 weeks; then, ROT-treated mice received ROF (0.5, 1, or 2 mg·kg-1·d-1; i.g.) for four weeks. ROF significantly ameliorated motor deficits, which was accompanied by increased expression levels of tyrosine hydroxylase, SIRT1, mature CTSD, and LAMP1, and a reduced level of α-syn in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ROF exerts a neuroprotective action and reduces the α-syn level in PD models. The mechanisms underlying ROF neuroprotective effects appear to be associated with NAD+/SIRT1-dependent activation of lysosomal function.

11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372142

RESUMO

Owing to the unique optophysical properties of nanomaterials and their self-calibration characteristics, nanomaterial-based (e.g., polymer dots (Pdots) quantum dots (QDs), silicon nanorods (SiNRs), and gold nanoparticle (AuNPs), etc.) ratiometric fluorescent sensors play an essential role in numerous biosensing and cell imaging applications. The dual-emission ratiometric fluorescence technique has the function of effective internal referencing, thereby avoiding the influence of various analyte-independent confounding factors. The sensitivity and precision of the detection can therefore be greatly improved. In this review, the recent progress in nanomaterial-based dual-emission ratiometric fluorescent biosensors is systematically summarized. First, we introduce two general design approaches for dual-emission ratiometric fluorescent sensors, involving ratiometric fluorescence with changes of one response signal and two reversible signals. Then, some recent typical examples of nanomaterial-based dual-emission ratiometric fluorescent biosensors are illustrated in detail. Finally, probable challenges and future outlooks for dual-emission ratiometric fluorescent nanosensors for biosensing and cell imaging are rationally discussed.

12.
J Adv Vet Anim Res ; 8(2): 218-223, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395591

RESUMO

Objective: Sertoli cells (SCs) are important sustentacular cells in the seminiferous tubules of the testis. Isolation and identification of SCs are the premise for studying their functions. Since New Zealand rabbit is a stable strain which is widely used for biomedical research and animal farming, this study aimed to develop a simple and effective protocol for SC isolation in New Zealand rabbits. Materials and Methods: The SCs of three 30-day-old New Zealand rabbits were isolated by incubation with enzymatic digestion I (Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium supplemented with 1 mg/ml collagenase IV and 50 µg/ml DNase I) and digestion II (digestion I + 1 mg/ml hyaluronidase + 1 mg/ml trypsin), as well as differential plating. The cells were enriched and identified by using immunocytochemical staining and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. Results: Homogeneous cells were obtained. They presented the typical large cell body and an irregular pyramidal shape after differential plating and passaging. These cells expressed mRNA of the SC marker sex-determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) instead of the Leydig cell marker StAR. Immunocytochemically, they are positive of SOX9, GATA binding protein 4, and androgen-binding protein. Conclusion: The SCs were enriched from the testicular tissues of prepubertal New Zealand rabbits by a simple and effective protocol, which provides a basis for further theoretical researches and practical applications.

13.
Virtual Real ; : 1-16, 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312581

RESUMO

Real chemical experiments may be dangerous or pollute the environment; meanwhile, the preparation of drugs and reagents is time-consuming. Due to the above-mentioned reasons, few experiments can be actually operated by students, which is not conducive to the chemistry learning and the phenomena principle understanding. Recently, due to the impact of Covid-19, many schools adopt online teaching, which is even more detrimental to students' learning of chemistry. Fortunately, MR(mixed reality) technology provides us with the possibility of solving the safety issues and breaking the space-time constraints, while the theory of human needs (Maslow's hierarchical needs) provides us with a way to design a comfortable and stimulant MR system with realistic visual presentation and interaction. The paper combines with the theory of human needs to propose a new needs model for virtual experiment. Based on this needs model, we design and develop a comprehensive MR system called MagicChem, which offers a robust 6-DoF interactive and illumination consistent experimental space with virtual-real occlusion, supporting realistic visual interaction, tangible interaction, gesture interaction with touching, voice interaction, temperature interaction, olfactory interaction and virtual human interaction. User study shows that MagicChem satisfies the needs model better than other MR experimental environments that partially meet the needs model. In addition, we explore the application of the needs model in VR environment. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10055-021-00560-z.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(37): 20437-20442, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227199

RESUMO

Delicately designed dopant-free hole-transporting materials (HTMs) with ordered structure have become one of the major strategies to achieve high-performance perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this work, we report two donor-π linker-donor (D-π-D) HTMs, N01 and N02, which consist of facilely synthesized 4,8-di(n-hexyloxy)-benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene as a π linker, with 10-bromohexyl-10H-phenoxazine and 10-hexyl-10H-phenoxazine as donors, respectively. The N01 molecules form a two-dimensional conjugated network governed by C-H⋅⋅⋅O and C-H⋅⋅⋅Br interaction between phenoxazine donors, and synchronously construct a three-dimension lamellar structure with the aid of interlaminar π-π interaction. Consequently, N01 as a dopant-free small-molecule HTM exhibits a higher intrinsic hole mobility and more favorable interfacial properties for hole transport, hole extraction and perovskite growth, enabling an inverted PSC to achieve a very impressive power conversion efficiency of 21.85 %.

15.
Pharmacol Res ; 170: 105745, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182128

RESUMO

Polymorphic alleles of the human dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) have been consistently associated with individual differences in personality traits and neuropsychiatric disorders, particularly between the gene encoding dopamine D4.7 receptor variant and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The α2A adrenoceptor gene has also been associated with ADHD. In fact, drugs targeting the α2A adrenoceptor (α2AR), such as guanfacine, are commonly used in ADHD treatment. In view of the involvement of dopamine D4 receptor (D4R) and α2AR in ADHD and impulsivity, their concurrent localization in cortical pyramidal neurons and the demonstrated ability of D4R to form functional heteromers with other G protein-coupled receptors, in this study we evaluate whether the α2AR forms functional heteromers with D4R and weather these heteromers show different properties depending on the D4R variant involved. Using cortical brain slices from hD4.7R knock-in and wild-type mice, here, we demonstrate that α2AR and D4R heteromerize and constitute a significant functional population of cortical α2AR and D4R. Moreover, in cortical slices from wild-type mice and in cells transfected with α2AR and D4.4R, we detect a negative crosstalk within the heteromer. This negative crosstalk is lost in cortex from hD4.7R knock-in mice and in cells expressing the D4.7R polymorphic variant. We also show a lack of efficacy of D4R ligands to promote G protein activation and signaling only within the α2AR-D4.7R heteromer. Taken together, our results suggest that α2AR-D4R heteromers play a pivotal role in catecholaminergic signaling in the brain cortex and are likely targets for ADHD pharmacotherapy.

16.
Chemosphere ; 274: 129904, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979927

RESUMO

Nano-MgO biochar composites (nMBCs) have been considered as potential adsorbents for phosphate removal from aqueous solution. It is an effective strategy to improve P removal efficiency that adjustment of the size, distribution and crystallinity of MgO particles embedded into the carbon matrix. Herein, we prepared a highly efficient phosphate adsorbent by co-pyrolysis of lotus seedpod and magnesium citrate and studied its adsorption mechanisms. Results showed that the uniformly dispersed MgO nanoparticle was formed on the surface of nMBCs with the temperature increasing, with the particles size ranging from 3 to 10 nm. Furthermore, high temperature promoted the formation of a large amount of reactive lattice oxygen, which was demonstrated to be the main active adsorption site, thus the phosphate immobilization capacity of nMBCs was greatly improved with the pyrolysis temperature increasing from 450 °C to 750 °C. Besides, some stable CO bonds were formed due to the catalysis of Mg2+, which could bond to HPO42-/H2PO4- by hydrogen bond, enhancing the adsorption performance. The isotherm adsorption experiment showed that MBC-750 achieved an excellent phosphorus adsorption amount of 452.752 mg-P/g. The effectiveness of nMBCs is enhanced and a method for producing an effective nanocomposite adsorbent material for removing phosphate from wastewater is provided.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Ácido Cítrico , Cinética , Óxido de Magnésio , Compostos Organometálicos , Fosfatos , Temperatura , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
Cryobiology ; 101: 105-114, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989617

RESUMO

Germplasm preservation of livestock or endangered animals and expansion of germline stem cells are important. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether supplementation of trehalose to the freezing medium (FM) reduces tissular damage and improves the quality of testicular cells in the cryopreserved bovine testicular tissues. We herein established an optimized protocol for the cryopreservation of bovine testicular tissues, and the isolation as well as culture of bovine germ cells containing spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) from these tissues. The results showed that FM containing 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO/DMSO), 10% knockout serum replacement (KSR) and 20% trehalose (FM5) combined with the uncontrolled slow freezing (USF) procedures has the optimized cryoprotective effect on bovine testicular tissues. The FM5 + USF protocol reduced the cell apoptosis, maintained high cell viability, supported the structural integrity and seminiferous epithelial cohesion similar to that in the fresh tissues. Viable germ cells containing SSCs were effectively isolated from these tissues and they maintained germline marker expressions in the co-testicular cells and co-mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) feeder culture systems respectively, during the short-term culture. Additionally, upregulated transcriptions of spermatogenic differentiation marker C-KIT and meiotic marker SYCP3 were detected in these cells after retinoic acid-induced differentiation. Together, FM5 + USF is suitable for the cryopreservation of bovine testicular tissues, with benefits of reducing the apoptosis, maintaining the cell viability, supporting the testicular structure integrity, and sustaining the survival and differentiation potential of bovine germ cells containing SSCs.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Trealose , Animais , Bovinos , Sobrevivência Celular , Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Fibroblastos , Masculino , Camundongos , Espermatogônias , Testículo , Trealose/farmacologia
18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 625007, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816259

RESUMO

RNA binding proteins (RBPs) have been proved to play pivotal roles in a variety types of tumors. However, there is no convincible evidence disclosing the functions of RBPs in thyroid cancer (THCA) thoroughly and systematically. Integrated analysis of the functional and prognostic effect of RBPs help better understanding tumorigenesis and development in thyroid and may provide a novel therapeutic method for THCA. In this study, we obtained a list of human RBPs from Gerstberger database, which covered 1,542 genes encoding RBPs. Gene expression data of THCA was downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, n = 567), from which we extracted 1,491 RBPs' gene expression data. We analyzed differentially expressed RBPs using R package "limma". Based on differentially expressed RBPs, we constructed protein-protein interaction network and the GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were carried out. We found six RBPs (AZGP1, IGF2BP2, MEX3A, NUDT16, NUP153, USB1) independently associated with prognosis of patients with thyroid cancer according to univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models. The survival analysis and risk score analysis achieved good performances from this six-gene prognostic model. Nomogram was constructed to guide clinical decision in practice. Finally, biological experiments disclosed that NUP153 and USB1 can significantly impact cancer cell proliferation and migration. In conclusion, our research provided a new insight of thyroid tumorigenesis and development based on analyses of RBPs. More importantly, the six-gene model may play an important role in clinical practice in the future.

19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(9): 13300-13317, 2021 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891563

RESUMO

Liver cancer is the sixth most common malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the primary type of liver cancer. Small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) dysfunctions have been associated with cancer development. SnoRD126 is an orphan C/D box snoRNA. How snoRD126 activates the PI3K-AKT pathway, and which domain of snoRD126 exerts its oncogenic function was heretofore completely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that snoRD126 binds to hnRNPK protein to regulate FGFR2 expression and activate the PI3K-AKT pathway. Importantly, we identified the critical domain of snoRD126 responsible for its cancer-promoting functions. Our study further confirms the role of snoRD126 in the progression of HCC and suggests that knockdown snoRD126 may be of potential value as a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo K/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo K/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/genética
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(30): 3708-3711, 2021 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729243

RESUMO

Stabilizing lithium deposition and reducing excess lithium are the key factors to realize the practicability of lithium-metal batteries. Here, we construct an anode-free full battery, in which Ag coated three-dimensional Cu foam (Ag@3D-Cu) is applied as a lithiophilic current collector to regulate the lithium deposition while the Li2S-based electrode is used as a cathode to avoid excess lithium.

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