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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 378-383, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the composition and distribution of beta-thalassemia-associated genotypes in Liuzhou area of Guangxi, China. METHODS: From January to December 2017, 13 847 individuals who came for premarital examination, maternity examination or health check were recruited with informed consent. The subjects were analyzed by reverse dot blotting (RDB) for 17 common beta-thalassemia-associated variants among the Chinese population. Individuals with inconsistent results by blood test, electrophoresis, and RDB were subjected to Sanger sequencing to detect rare variants of the beta globin gene. RESULTS: In total 2098 individuals were found to harbor beta-thalassemia-associated variants, which included 2075 heterozygotes (98.90%), 12 compound heterozygotes (0.57%) and 11 homozygotes (0.52%). CD41-42 (48.43%) and CD17 (31.45%) were the most common variants. Three hundred and thirty eight-individuals were found to also carry heterozygous variants of the alpha globin gene, with the most common types being --SEA/aa, -a3.7/aa, aCSa/aa, -a4.2/aa. Through Sanger sequencing, rare genotypes such as beta-32/betaN, betaCD41-42/betaIVS-II-5 and betaCD30/betaN were detected. CONCLUSION: Liuzhou area has a high incidence of beta-thalassemia, but with a complex variant spectrum and clinical phenotypes different from other regions. Genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the carrier population is crucial for the reduction of the related birth defects. Our result may provide valuable information for the prevention and control of beta-thalassemia in this area.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the in vitro stability of a novel sclerosant, bleomycin polidocanol foam (BPF), for venous malformation (VM) sclerotherapy. METHODS: The study was designed with control groups treated with polidocanol (0.5%, 1%, and 3%) only. The experimental groups included 21 BPFs, which was made by dissolving bleomycin at seven different concentrations (0.1%-1.5%) in polidocanol (0.5%, 1%, and 3%). The Tessari method was used to prepare sclerosant foam with a liquid:gas ratio of 1:4 at room temperature in vitro. The foam stability was measured for each group. The decay process, one component of foam stability, was recorded with a camera. Foam decay process experiments were performed 10 times per group. The stability indices included drainage rate, drainage time, half life, and microscopic measurement of the foams (mean bubble diameter, minimum and maximum bubble diameters, wall thickness, and bubble diameter distribution). RESULTS: Compared with the control groups, the half lives of BPFs mainly increased significantly with the addition of bleomycin (p < .001). BPF with 3% polidocanol and 0.1% bleomycin recorded the highest half life (246 ± 1.6 sec), and this group also achieved the smallest bubble diameter and wall thickness (69.9 µm and 5.80 µm) among the experimental groups. For the same polidocanol concentration, the bubble diameter and wall thickness increased when bleomycin was added. CONCLUSION: Bleomycin concentrations account for different BPF stability. BPF stability mainly increased significantly with the addition of a small amount of bleomycin but this advantage was no longer apparent with increasing bleomycin dose.

3.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(2): 530-533, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large maxillofacial venous malformation (VM) lesions can affect the craniofacial skeleton, causing occlusal and craniofacial deformity. Few studies have discussed the management of these skeletal disorders. It is unclear whether orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery are necessary after such a VM lesion has been significantly reduced. METHODS: A 13-year-old boy with a large, extensive maxillofacial VM lesion, severe facial asymmetry, macroglossia, and lower lip hypertrophy visited our department in 2010. He received more than 100 sclerotherapy treatments and 20 laser treatments in the past 8 years. RESULTS: The patient's cosmetic disfigurement greatly improved, and the VM lesion diminished by more than 80%. Changes in the bite and craniofacial skeleton progressed from "normal" to "open bite with skeletal deformity" and finally to "spontaneously close to normal". CONCLUSIONS: During the progression of VM, removal of pathogenic factors can inhibit the aggravation of open bite deformity and promote the spontaneous improvement, thereby circumventing the need for complicated osteotomy, orthodontic intervention and/or orthognathic surgery.

4.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 295(2): 505-514, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897801

RESUMO

α-thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder commonly caused by deletions or point mutations involving one or both α-globin genes. Recent studies shed new light on the critical role of upstream enhancers multi-species conserved sequences (MCSs) in the ordered regulation of α-globin gene expression. Herein, we reported two unrelated probands with deletions in α-globin genes and MCSs, respectively. The proband from Family A is a compound heterozygote carrying a known α+ mutation (-α3.7) and a novel 60.2 kb deletion causing the absence of both α-globin genes. The proband from Family B, on the other hand, is a compound heterozygote with a known α0 mutation (--SEA) and a novel deletion involving only upstream regulatory elements MCS-R1, R2 and R3, while the α-globin genes remain intact. Notably, both these two patients suffered varied extent of anemia, indicating that the loss of enhancer elements could equally lead to reduced synthesis of α-globin. Upon these observations, we then confirmed the exact breakpoints of these two novel deletions using a targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) previously established by our group, which may enable further elucidation of the rearrangement mechanisms on these deletions and functional dissection of MCSs. Taken together, our study reports a reliable NGS-based molecular screening approach for accurate identification of copy number variations (CNVs) in the α-globin cluster and the genetic diagnosis of these two probands may help to extend the spectrum of α-thalassemia mutations in Chinese population.


Assuntos
Elementos Alu/genética , Anemia/genética , alfa-Globinas/genética , Talassemia alfa/genética , Adulto , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/patologia , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Família Multigênica/genética , Linhagem , Mutação Puntual/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Talassemia alfa/sangue , Talassemia alfa/patologia
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 21-24, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify potential variant in a child diagnosed as infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the patient and his parents and subjected to next generation sequencing. Suspected variant was verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was predicted by using bioinformatic software including SIFT and PolyPhen-2. RESULTS: The child was found to carry compound heterozygous variations c.668C>A (p.Pro223Gln) and c.2266C>T (p.Gln756Ter) of the PLA2G6 gene, which were respectively inherited from his father and mother. c.2266C>T has changed codon 756 (glutamine) into a stop codon, resulting premature termination of peptide chain synthesis. c.2266C>T has not been reported previously and was predicted to be harmful. CONCLUSION: The compound variants of c.668C>A (p.Pro223Gln) and c.2266C>T (p.Gln756Ter) of the PLA2G6 gene probably underlies the disease in the child. Above finding has enriched the variant spectrum of the PLA2G6 gene.


Assuntos
Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo VI , Distrofias Neuroaxonais , Criança , Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo VI/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Mutação , Distrofias Neuroaxonais/genética
6.
Hemoglobin ; : 1-4, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933393

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify the rare thalassemia genotype in a family and perform prenatal diagnosis (PND) on the proband's unborn child. Peripheral blood was collected from the family members for hematology analysis and capillary electrophoresis (CE) analysis. Peripheral blood and cord blood were analyzed by gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR), reverse dot-blot and Sanger sequencing for genotypes of α-thalassemia (α-thal). A heterozygous mutation, HBA2: c.1A>G, was identified in the proband and his father. Two compound heterozygous variants, HBA2: c.1A>G and the - -SEA (Southeast Asian) deletion, were revealed in the proband's unborn child. The hemoglobin (Hb) CE result of the fetal cord blood indicated the fetus had Hb H disease. We have identified a rare thalassemia mutation (HBA2: c.1A>G) in a Chinese family and enriched the rare α-thal gene pool in the Chinese population. When the patient's phenotype does not match the genotype detected by thalassemia gene detection kits, further investigation of rare genotypes should be conducted to avoid missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis, which can help guide clinical diagnosis, population screening and genetic counseling.

7.
Small ; 16(3): e1905516, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825564

RESUMO

Layered MoS2 is a prospective candidate for use in energy harvesting, valleytronics, and nanoelectronics. Its properties strongly related to its stacking configuration and the number of layers. Due to its atomically thin nature, understanding the atomic-level and structural modifications of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides is still underdeveloped, particularly the spatial control and selective precision. Therefore, the development of nanofabrication techniques is essential. Here, an atomic-scale approach used to sculpt 2D few-layer MoS2 into lateral heterojunctions via in situ scanning/transmission electron microscopy (STEM/TEM) is developed. The dynamic evolution is tracked using ultrafast and high-resolution filming equipment. The assembly behaviors inherent to few-layer 2D-materials are observed during the process and included the following: scrolling, folding, etching, and restructuring. Atomic resolution STEM is employed to identify the layer variation and stacking sequence for this new 2D-architecture. Subsequent energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy analyses are performed to corroborate the elemental distribution. This sculpting technique that is established allows for the formation of sub-10 nm features, produces diverse nanostructures, and preserves the crystallinity of the material. The lateral heterointerfaces created in this study also pave the way for the design of quantum-relevant geometries, flexible optoelectronics, and energy storage devices.

8.
Hum Mutat ; 41(1): 212-221, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489982

RESUMO

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common X-linked enzymopathies caused by G6PD gene variant. We aimed to provide the characteristics of G6PD deficiency and G6PD gene variant distribution in a large Chinese newborn screening population. We investigated the prevalence of G6PD in China from 2013 to 2017. Then, we examined G6PD activity and G6PD gene in representative Chinese birth cohort to explore the distribution of G6PD gene variant in 2016. We then performed multicolor melting curve analysis to classify G6PD gene variants in 10,357 neonates with activity-confirmed G6PD deficiency, and DNA Sanger sequencing for G6PD coding exons if hot site variants were not found. The screened population, organizations, and provinces of G6PD deficiency were increased from 2013 to 2017 in China. The top five frequency of G6PD gene variants were c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A, c.95A>G, c.1024C>T, and c.871G>A and varied in different provinces, with regional and ethnic features, and four pathogenic variant sites (c.152C>T, c.290A>T, c.697G>C, and c.1285A>G) were first reported. G6PD deficiency mainly occurs in South China, and the frequency of G6PD gene variant varies in different regions and ethnicities.

9.
Clin Chim Acta ; 501: 66-71, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) related to glucokinase regulatory protein gene (GCKR), its differential expression was analyzed in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and control samples. The correlation of lncRNA with GCKR was verified and its potential value as a molecular marker of T2DM was assessed. METHODS: Lymphocyte RNA was extracted from five patients with T2DM and five patients with non-T2DM. The expression profiles of circulating lncRNAs and mRNAs were obtained by microarray. Bioinformatics analysis was used to screen lncRNAs associated with the GCKR gene in 127 patients with T2DM and 130 patients with non-T2DM were selected. The expression levels of the GCKR gene and lncRNA (ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187) in the T2DM group and control group were verified by real-time PCR. Additionally, a correlation analysis was conducted. The value of circulating ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 as biomarkers for the diagnosis of T2DM was performed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: We identified 68 lncRNAs and 74 mRNAs differentially expressed from the expression profile. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of the GCKR gene and lncRNA ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 in the T2DM group were significantly lower (P < 0.05). The correlation analysis revealed that ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 were correlated with GCKR gene expression and glycolipid metabolism (P < 0.05). ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve value of ENST00000588707.1 between T2DM patients and non-T2DM patients was 0.816 (95% CI: 0.764-0.869, sensitivity 72.0%, specificity 80.3%) and the AUC value of TCONS_00004187 was 0.826 (95% CI: 0.774-0.879, sensitivity 81.6%, specificity 61.3%). CONCLUSION: lncRNA ENST0000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 could serve as potential biomarkers for T2DM, which could involve in glycolipid metabolism by regulating the GCKR gene.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(12): 1163-1166, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze variations of TYR and P genes among 14 patients with clinically diagnosed oculocutaneous albinism. METHODS: Potential variations of the TYR and P genes were detected by Sanger sequencing. Novel variations were predicted with bioinformatics software including SIFT and PolyPhen-2. RESULTS: No variation was found in the TYR gene, while 9 types of variations were found in the P gene among the 14 patients, which included c.803-3C>G (7/26), c.1327G>A (p.Val443Ile) (5/26), c.632C>T (p.Pro211Leu) (4/26), c.1832T>C (p.Leu611Pro) (3/26), c.1349C>A (p.Thr450Lys) (2/26), c.2363C>T (p.Ser788Leu) (2/26), c.2228C>T (p.Pro743Leu) (1/26), c.1525A>G (p.Thr509Ala) (1/26), and c.1349C>T (p.Thr450Met) (1/26). Only 1 heterozygous variation was detected in 2 families. c.2363C>T (p.Ser788Leu), c.1832T>C (p.Leu611Pro) and c.1525A>G (p.Thr509Ala) were not reported previously and predicted as "harmful" to the protein function. CONCLUSION: The main type of ocular albinism is oculocutaneous albinism type II in Liuzhou region, where the most common variations of the P gene were c.803-3C>G and c.1327G>A (p.Val443Ile). Above finding has enriched the variation spectrum of the P gene.


Assuntos
Albinismo Oculocutâneo/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , China , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Mutação , Linhagem
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1067-1072, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and mutational types of fatty acid oxidation disorders (FAOD) in central-northern region of Guangxi. METHODS: A total of 62 953 neonates were screened for FAOD during December 2012 and December 2017. Acyl-carnitine profiling of neonatal blood sample was performed by tandem mass spectrometry using dry blood spots on a filter paper. The diagnosis of FAOD was confirmed by organic acid profiling of urea and genetic testing. RESULTS: Eighteen cases of FAOD were diagnosed among the 62 953 neonates. Among these, primary carnitine deficiency (PCD) was the most common type (n=13), which was followed by short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD) (n=2), medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) (n=1), multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) (n=1), and carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency (CPT II D) (n=1). Genetic testing has revealed two previously unreported variants, i.e., c.337G to A (p.Gly113Arg) of ACADS gene and c.737G TO T (p.Gly246Val) of ETFA gene. CONCLUSION: PCD is the most common FAOD in central-northern Guangxi. Tandem mass spectrometry combined with genetic testing may facilitate early diagnosis of FAOD.


Assuntos
Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/diagnóstico , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/genética , Acil-CoA Desidrogenase/deficiência , Acil-CoA Desidrogenase/genética , Carnitina/sangue , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/deficiência , China , Flavoproteínas Transferidoras de Elétrons/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/diagnóstico , Deficiência Múltipla de Acil Coenzima A Desidrogenase/diagnóstico , Triagem Neonatal , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
Nanoscale ; 11(43): 20968-20976, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660559

RESUMO

3D structures assembled from multiple components have attracted increasing research interest based on their enriched functionalities and broadened applications. Here, we report a bottom-up strategy to fabricate 3D halos through the co-assembly of Fe3O4 and Au nanoparticles (NPs). Typically, Fe3O4 NPs assemble into a 3D core (size around 500 nm) with simultaneous growth of Au NPs on the 3D surface during the assembly process. As a general approach, a variety of 3D halos were fabricated from the co-assembly of Fe3O4 and Au NPs of different sizes and shapes. To demonstrate the advantages of these 3D halo structures, their catalytic activity to mimic natural enzymes was investigated. Compared with Fe3O4 NP building blocks, enhanced catalytic efficiency was achieved by the 3D halos. In addition, the optical behavior of the 3D halos was simulated using a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (3D-FDTD) method. As shown in the results, the 3D halos attached to 90 nm Au NPs could absorb more incident light owing to high electric field intensities, making these structures promising for applications in energy harvesting and detection-related fields.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(9): 882-885, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen for potential variants of GCDH gene in 3 patients clinically diagnosed as glutaric aciduria type Ⅰ. METHODS: GCDH gene variants was detected by Sanger sequencing among the three children and their family members. RESULTS: Sanger sequencing showed that patient 1 carried compound heterozygosity variants of c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) and c.655G>A (p.Ala219Thr) of the GCDH gene, while his father and mother respectively carried heterozygous c.532G>A(p.Gly178Arg) and c.655G>A (p.Ala219Thr) variants. Patient 2 carried c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) and a novel c.1060G>T (p.Gly354Cys) compound heterozygous variant, while his father and mother respectively carried heterozygous c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) and c.1060G>T (p.Gly354Cys) variant. Patient 3 carried homozygous c.532G>A (p.Gly178Arg) variant of the GCDH gene, for which both of his parents were heterozygous carriers. CONCLUSION: The GCDH gene variant probably underlie the glutaric aciduria type Ⅰ among the 3 patients. Identifcation of the novel variant has enriched the spectrum of GCDH gene variants.


Assuntos
Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/genética , Encefalopatias Metabólicas/genética , Glutaril-CoA Desidrogenase/deficiência , Feminino , Glutaril-CoA Desidrogenase/genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 805-808, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular pathogenesis for a pedigree affected with hypocalcemia secondary to hypomagnesemia. METHODS: Sanger sequencing was used to detect potential variant of the TRPM6 gene in the patient and their parents. RESULTS: The results showed that the patient has carried novel homozygous c.3311C>T (p.Pro1104Leu) variant of the TRMP6 gene, for which both of his parents were heterozygous carriers. Analysis of protein functions using software predicted high risk of pathogenicity. CONCLUSION: The homozygous c.3311C>T (p.Pro1104Leu) variant of the TRPM6 gene probably underlies the disease in this patient.


Assuntos
Hipocalcemia/genética , Deficiência de Magnésio/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Magnésio , Masculino , Linhagem
15.
Hum Mutat ; 40(12): 2221-2229, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286593

RESUMO

Hemoglobinopathies are the most common monogenic disorders worldwide. Substantial effort has been made to establish databases to record complete mutation spectra causing or modifying this group of diseases. We present a variant database which couples an online auxiliary diagnosis and at-risk assessment system for hemoglobinopathies (DASH). The database was integrated into the Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD), in which we included all reported variants focusing on a Chinese population by literature peer review-curation and existing databases, such as HbVar and IthaGenes. In addition, comprehensive mutation data generated by high-throughput sequencing of 2,087 hemoglobinopathy patients and 20,222 general individuals from southern China were also incorporated into the database. These sequencing data enabled us to observe disease-causing and modifier variants responsible for hemoglobinopathies in bulk. Currently, 371 unique variants have been recorded; 265 of 371 were described as disease-causing variants, whereas 106 were defined as modifier variants, including 34 functional variants identified by a quantitative trait association study of this high-throughput sequencing data. Due to the availability of a comprehensive phenotype-genotype data set, DASH has been established to automatically provide accurate suggestions on diagnosis and genetic counseling of hemoglobinopathies. LOVD-DASH will inspire us to deal with clinical genotyping and molecular screening for other Mendelian disorders.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 690-693, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out mutation analysis and prenatal diagnosis for a family affected with primary carnitine deficiency. METHODS: Genomic DNA of the proband was extracted from peripheral blood sample 10 days after birth. The 10 exons and intron/exon boundaries of the SLC22A5 gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. The proband's mother was pregnant again two years after his birth. Fetal DNA was extracted from amniocytes and subjected to PCR and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Tandem mass spectrometric analysis of the proband revealed low level of plasma-free carnitine whilst organic acids in urine was normal. Compound heterozygous SLC22A5 mutations c.1195C>T (inherited from his father) and c.517delC (inherited from his mother) were detected in the proband. Prenatal diagnosis has detected no mutation in the fetus. The plasma-free carnitine was normal after birth. CONCLUSION: Appropriate genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis can prevent further child with carnitine deficiency. The identification of c.517delC, a novel mutation, enriched the spectrum of SLC22A5 mutations.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/genética , Carnitina/deficiência , Hiperamonemia/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/genética , Carnitina/genética , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
17.
Nanoscale ; 11(25): 12169-12176, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197294

RESUMO

Novel materials from self-assembled nanocrystals hold great promise for applications ranging from inorganic catalysis to bio-imaging. However, because of the inherent anisotropic properties, it is challenging to assemble one-dimensional (1D) nanorods into higher-order structures (e.g. 2D sheets or 3D networks) without any support. Here, we have developed a facile strategy for the direct self-assembly of 1D nanorods into free-standing 2D nanorafts with lateral dimensions up to several micrometers. As a general approach, 2D nanorafts with diverse compositions, e.g. MgF2, WO2, CdS, ZnS, and ZnSe nanorafts, have been fabricated from the assembly of their 1D building blocks. More importantly, these nanorafts show high stability even when dispersed in different solvents, making them suitable for various applications. Because of their high porosity and strong adsorption capability, MgF2 nanorafts were investigated to illustrate the collective advantages generated from the assembly platform. Moreover, flexibility in the composition and structure of the building blocks demonstrated in this work will lead to next generation materials with rich functionalities.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanocompostos/química , Nanotubos/química
18.
Korean J Parasitol ; 57(2): 153-159, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104407

RESUMO

Echinococcus granulosus is an important zoonotic parasite globally causing cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and animals. In this study, prevalence of CE and variation of cox1 gene sequence were analyzed with isolates E. granulosus collected from different areas in northern Xinjiang, China. The survey showed that 3.5% of sheep and 4.1% of cattle were infected with CE. Fragment of cox1 was amplified from all the positive sheep and cattle samples by PCR. In addition, 26 positive samples across the 4 areas were included. The isolates were all E. granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) containing 15 haplotypes (Hap1-15), and clustered into 2 genotypes, G1 (90.1%, 91/101) and G3 (9.9%, 10/101). Hap1 was the most common haplotype (48.5%, 49/101). Hap9 were found in humans samples, indicating that sheep and cattle reservoir human CE. It is indicate that E. granulosus may impact on control of CE in livestock and humans in the region.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/veterinária , Echinococcus granulosus/genética , Echinococcus granulosus/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Equinococose/parasitologia , Echinococcus granulosus/classificação , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Epidemiologia Molecular , Prevalência , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(20): 20780-20786, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102233

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal effects of perinatal exposure to dioxin on physical growth in a 3-year follow-up study. In 2015, 27 mother-infant pairs living in an electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling region and 35 pairs living in a control region were enrolled in the present study. Breast milk samples were collected at 4 weeks after birth. Physical growth, including weight, height, and head and chest circumferences, was measured at 6 months and 3 years of age. Dioxin levels in the breast milk were measured by gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. Levels of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and toxic equivalency values in maternal breast milk of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and PCDDs/PCDFs were significantly higher in women residing in the e-waste dismantling region. In 3-year-old boys, inverse associations were found between height and PCDDs-TEQ. In girls, positive associations were found between height and 2,3,7,8-TetraCDD, PCDDs-TEQ, and PCDDs/PCDFs-TEQ, and for weight and PCDDs-TEQ and PCDDs/PCDFs-TEQ at 3 years of age. In this study, sex-specific differences were observed in children, in whom dioxin exposure decreased growth in boys but increased growth in girls during the first 3 years of life.


Assuntos
Dioxinas/análise , Dioxinas/toxicidade , Resíduo Eletrônico/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Leite Humano/química , Adulto , Tamanho Corporal , Aleitamento Materno , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos de Coortes , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/análise , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/toxicidade , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/toxicidade , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(6): 588-591, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify potential mutation in a child clinically diagnosed as Noonan syndrome and to provide genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for his family. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patient and his parents, and amniotic fluid was taken from the mother during the second trimester. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was used to screen potential mutations from genomic DNA. Suspected mutation was verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: A heterozygous c.4A>G (p.Ser2Gly) mutation of the SHOC2 gene was identified in the patient but not among other family members including the fetus. CONCLUSION: The Noonan syndrome is probably caused by the c.4A>G mutation of the SHOC2 gene. NGS is helpful for the diagnosis of complicated genetic diseases. SHOC2 gene mutation screening is recommended for patient suspected for Noonan syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Noonan , Criança , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Mutação , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
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