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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 882-888, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of life and related demographic factors in long-term survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical and demographic data of the NHL patients who received treatment in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center and achieved long-term survival at follow-up, with an age of <18 years at initial diagnosis and a present age of ≥18 years. A questionnaire survey was performed using 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the symptom subscale of the Chinese version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30). The health status of long-term survivors of NHL was evaluated by comparing the scores of various dimensions of the SF-36 scale of general adult population in the United States (American norm) and those of the SF-36 scale of general adult population in Hong Kong, China (Hong Kong norm). The correlation between the score of each dimension of the scale and demographic characteristics was evaluated. The symptoms of long-term NHL survivors were evaluated according to the score of QLQ-C30 scale. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients with NHL with complete follow-up data were enrolled. The pathological types included diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in 10 patients, Burkitt lymphoma in 4 patients, T-cell lymphoblastoma in 5 patients, B-cell lymphoblastoma in 3 patients, and natural killer/T cell lymphoma in 1 patient. All patients received the chemotherapy regimen containing anthracyclines and alkylating agents. The median present age was 26.2 years (range: 16.9-55.8 years), and the median age at initial diagnosis was 10.4 years (range: 2.4-17.6 years). Among the 23 patients, 6 were married and had children and 2 had chronic diseases. There was no significant difference between the long-term survivors and the US norm in role physical, general health, role-emotional, and mental health (P>0.05), while the long-term survivors had significantly better scores of the other dimensions than the US norm (P<0.05). Similar results were obtained for the comparison between the long-term survivors and the China Hong Kong norm. Age at initial diagnosis was negatively correlated with the scores of social functioning, role physical, and general health in the SF-36 scale (P<0.05), and the present age of patients was positively correlated with the score of physical functioning and was negatively correlated with the score of general health (P<0.05). The urban and rural distribution of patients was related to the general health status (P<0.05). In addition, the long-term survivors of childhood NHL had relatively low scores of the symptom domain of QLQ-C30, and few moderate or severe symptoms were found. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term survivors of childhood NHL tend to have a good overall health status, with no significant differences compared with the general population. Age at initial diagnosis is the main demographic factor that affects patients' quality of life. Citation.


Assuntos
Linfoma não Hodgkin , Linfoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sobreviventes , Adulto Jovem
2.
Chin J Cancer ; 34(11): 531-7, 2015 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26370236

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brain metastasis is common in relapsed neuroblastoma patients, but the characteristics of brain metastasis remain largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the status of brain metastasis with neuroblastoma in South China. METHODS: In this retrospective case-based study, 106 patients with stage 4 neuroblastoma from the Department of Pediatric Oncology in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2004 and May 2013 were included. The incidence, risk factors, and survival status of these patients were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 106 patients, 11 (10.4%) developed brain metastasis, accounting for 20.0% of 55 patients with relapse or progression. The age at initial diagnosis of the 11 patients ranged from 2 to 10 years (median 4 years), which was younger than that of the patients without brain metastasis (median 5 years, range 1-10 years, P=0.073). The male to female ratio of the 11 patients was 8:3, which was not significantly different from that of the patients without brain metastasis (P=0.86). Patients with brain metastasis had higher lactate dehydrogenase levels than those without brain metastasis, but the differences were not significant (P=0.076). Eight patients died, and 3 patients survived. The median interval from the initial diagnosis to the development of brain metastasis was 18 months (range 6-32 months). The median survival was 4 months (range 1 day to 29 months) after the diagnosis of brain metastasis. The median interval from the manifestation of brain metastasis to death was 3 months (range 1 day to 11 months). CONCLUSIONS: High-risk factors for brain metastasis in cases of neuroblastoma include bone marrow involvement and a younger age at initial diagnosis. Nevertheless, multiple treatment modalities can improve disease-free survival.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Mortalidade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neuroblastoma , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Encéfalo , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Criança , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , L-Lactato Desidrogenase , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Chin J Cancer ; 33(8): 395-401, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25011460

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNS-GCTs) in children and adolescents have unique clinical features and methods of treatment compared with those in adults. There is little information about Chinese children and adolescents with CNS-GCTs. Therefore, in this study we retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and treatment outcome of Chinese children and adolescents with primary CNS-GCTs. Between January 2002 and December 2012, 57 untreated patients from a single institution were enrolled. They were diagnosed with CNS-GCTs after pathologic or clinical assessment. Of the 57 patients, 41 were males and 16 were females, with a median age of 12.8 years (range, 2.7 to 18.0 years) at diagnosis; 43 (75.4%) had non-germinomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCTs) and 14 (24.6%) had germinomas; 44 (77.2%) had localized disease and 13 (22.8%) had extensive lesions. Fifty-three patients completed the prescribed treatment, of which 18 underwent monotherapy of surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy, and 35 underwent multimodality therapies that included radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy or surgery combined with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. PEB (cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin) protocol was the major chemotherapy regimen. The median follow-up time was 32.3 months (range, 1.2 to 139 months). Fourteen patients died of relapse or disease progression. The 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival rates for all patients were 72.2% and 73.8%, respectively. The 3-year EFS was 92.9% for germinomas and 64.8% for NGGCTs (P = 0.064). The 3-year EFS rates for patients with NGGCTs who underwent monotherapy and multimodality therapies were 50.6% and 73.5%, respectively (P = 0.042). Our results indicate that multimodality therapies including chemotherapy plus radiotherapy were better treatment option for children and adolescents with CNS-GCTs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/terapia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 34(12): 1032-7, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24369160

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a modified NHL-BFM-90 protocol in childhood and adolescence with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: A total of 138 de novo patients with BL and DLBCL were enrolled. All patients were stratified into low (R1), intermediate (R2) and high risk (R3) groups based on the stage, chemotherapy response and LDH level, and treated with a modified NHL-BFM 90 protocol. RESULTS: Of the 138 patients, 105 were boys and 33 girls, with a median age at diagnosis of 7.5 yr (range 1.5 to 20.0 yr). Eighty-two cases were BL, 56 cases DLBCL. The patients with stage III/IV accounted for 76.1%. Thirty-one patients were assigned to group R1, 38 patients group R2, and 69 patients group R3. Complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy was 90.6%. At a median follow-up of 50 months(1-158 months), a total of 19 patients died of disease. The 5-year event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) for the entire group were 85.8%, 85.8% respectively. 5-year EFS was 97.1% for stage I/II, 82.1% for stage III/IV respectively (P=0.039); and 96.7%, 86.8% and 80.2% for groups R1, R2 and R3 respectively (P=0.135); and 85.2% and 86.9% for BL and DLBCL respectively (P=0.635). Major toxicity was myelosuppression, which was tolerant and manageable. CONCLUSION: That the modified NHL-BFM-90 protocol was highly effective for children and adolescents with BL and DLBCL, and especially improved the survival of the advanced patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Chin J Cancer ; 32(12): 673-7, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23816555

RESUMO

Lymphoma is seen in up to 30% of patients with X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP), but cerebral vasculitis related with XLP after cure of Burkitt lymphoma is rarely reported. We describe a case of a 5-year-old boy with XLP who developed cerebral vasculitis two years after cure of Burkitt lymphoma. He had Burkitt lymphoma at the age of 3 years and received chemotherapy (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma-Berlin-Frankfurt-Milan-90 protocol plus rituximab), which induced complete remission over the following two years. At the age of 5 years, the patient first developed headache, vomiting, and then intellectual and motorial retrogression. His condition was not improved after anti-infection, dehydration, or dexamethasone therapy. No tumor cells were found in his cerebrospinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple non-homogeneous, hypodense masses along the bilateral cortex. Pathology after biopsy revealed hyperplasia of neurogliocytes and vessels, accompanied by lymphocyte infiltration but no tumor cell infiltration. Despite aggressive treatment, his cognition and motor functions deteriorated in response to progressive cerebral changes. The patient is presently in a vegetative state. We present this case to inform clinicians of association between lymphoma and immunodeficiency and explore an optimal treatment for lymphoma patients with compromised immune system.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt/complicações , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Vasculite do Sistema Nervoso Central/etiologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Chin J Cancer ; 32(12): 661-6, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23706769

RESUMO

In vitro amplified human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical donor immune cell infusion (HDICI) is not commonly used in children. Therefore, our study sought to evaluate its safety for treating childhood malignancies. Between September 2011 and September 2012, 12 patients with childhood malignancies underwent HDICI in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The median patient age was 5.1 years (range, 1.7-8.4 years). Of the 12 patients, 9 had high-risk neuroblastoma (NB) [7 showed complete response (CR), 1 showed partial response (PR), and 1 had progressive disease (PD) after multi-modal therapies], and 3 had Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease (EBV-LPD). The 12 patients underwent a total of 92 HDICIs at a mean dose of 1.6×10(8) immune cells/kg body weight: 71 infusions with natural killer (NK) cells, 8 with cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells, and 13 with cascade primed immune cells (CAPRIs); 83 infusions with immune cells from the mothers, whereas 9 with cells from the fathers. Twenty cases (21.7%) of fever, including 6 cases (6.5%) accompanied with chills and 1 (1.1%) with febrile convulsion, occurred during infusions and were alleviated after symptomatic treatments. Five cases (5.4%) of mild emotion changes were reported. No other adverse events occurred during and after the completion of HDIDIs. Neither acute nor chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) was observed following HDICIs. After a median of 5.0 months (range, 1.0-11.5 months) of follow-up, the 2 NB patients with PR and PD developed PD during HDICIs. Of the other 7 NB patients in CR, 2 relapsed in the sixth month of HDICIs, and 5 maintained CR with disease-free survival (DFS) ranging from 4.5 to 11.5 months (median, 7.2 months). One EBV-LPD patient achieved PR, whereas 2 had stable disease (SD). Our results show that HDICI is a safe immunotherapy for childhood malignancies, thus warranting further studies.


Assuntos
Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Lactente , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Masculino , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Chin J Cancer ; 32(10): 561-6, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23544447

RESUMO

Pediatric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a highly aggressive disease with unique clinical characteristics. This study analyzed the germinal-center type B-cell (GCB) classification and clinical characteristics of Chinese pediatric DLBCL. A total of 76 patients with DLBCL newly diagnosed in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between February 2000 and May 2011, with an age younger than 18 years, were included in the analysis. The male/female ratio was 3.47:1. The median age was 12 years (range, 2 to 18 years), and 47 (61.8%) patients were at least 10 years old. Of the 76 patients, 48 (63.2%) had stage III/IV disease, 9 (11.8%) had bone marrow involvement, 1 (1.3%) had central nervous system (CNS) involvement, and 5 (6.6%) had bone involvement. The GCB classification was assessed in 45 patients: 26 (57.8%) were classified as GCB subtype, and 19 (42.2%) were classified as non-GCB subtype. The modified B-NHL-BFM-90/95 regimen was administered to 50 patients, and the 4-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was 85.8%. Among these 50 patients, 31 were assessed for the GCB classification: 17 (54.8%) were classified as GCB subtype, with a 4-year EFS rate of 88.2%; 14 (45.2%) were classified as non-GCB subtype, with a 4-year EFS rate of 92.9%. Our data indicate that bone marrow involvement and stage III/IV disease are common in Chinese pediatric DLBCL patients, whereas the percentage of patients with the GCB subtype is similar to that of patients with the non-GCB subtype. The modified B-NHL-BFM-90/95 protocol is an active and effective treatment protocol for Chinese pediatric patients with DLBCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Adolescente , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Daunorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
8.
Chin J Cancer ; 30(10): 731-8, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21959050

RESUMO

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a rare, distinct subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, possessing an aggressive course and poor prognosis with no standard therapy. Twelve patients who have failed at least two initial CHOP or CHOP-like regimens were enrolled in this study and treated with individualized cyclosporine (CsA), prednisone (PDN), and monthly, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (HDIVIG). The dose of CsA was adjusted individually based on the blood trough concentration of CsA and renal function. All patients were examined for response, toxicity and survival. The most significant toxicities (≥ grade 2) were infection (16.7%), renal insufficiency (8.3%), hypertension (8.3%), diabetes (8.3%) and insomnia (16.7%). Discontinuation of treatment occurred in one patient (8.3%) due to grade 3 renal toxicity and subsequent grade 4 pulmonary infection. Treatment-related death was not observed. The overall response rate was 75.0% (complete response, 33.3%; partial response, 41.7%). With a median follow-up of 25.5 months, the median duration of response was 20 months (range, 12 to 49 months) and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 25.5 months (range, 10 to 56 months). The 2-year PFS rate was 81.5%. Our findings indicate the combination of CsA, PDN and HDIVIG is an effective salvage regimen for refractory or relapsed AITL with predictable and manageable toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/administração & dosagem , Infusões Intravenosas , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão , Terapia de Salvação , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
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