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1.
ACS Omega ; 6(47): 32297-32303, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870050

RESUMO

Sensitive and reliable noninvasive sensors are in demand to cope with an increasing need for robust working conditions and fast results. One of the leading potential technologies is field-effect transistor (FET)-based sensors to improve response time, sensitivity, and stability. Here, a sol-gel method fabricates an ion-sensitive field-effect transistor with a high current and output sensitivity for electrochemical sensing, solving binary device design, component regulating, and long-term stability, while maintaining the promoted sensitivity. Metal oxide-based devices with single and binary contents are fabricated and characterized for monitoring pH changes, with performance fitted to a Nernst-Poisson model. After detecting the performance, the result was compared with devices in different components and ratios to obtain excellent performance and high stability. In addition, these extended gate FETs with multimetallic oxide promise efficiency and stability optimization in terms of a flexible component design, demonstrating the feasibility of the novel sol-gel fabrication method to achieve efficient and reliable FET sensors.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 229: 113063, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890985

RESUMO

Antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistance have been widely reported in aquatic environments. Hydrolysis of antibiotics is one of the important environmental processes. Here we investigated the hydrolytic transformation of four tetracycline antibiotics i.e. tetracycline (TC), chlortetracycline (CTC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and doxycycline (DC) under different environmental conditions, and determined their parents and transformation products in the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The results showed that the hydrolysis of the four tetracyclines followed first-order reaction kinetics, and the acid-catalyzed hydrolysis rates were significantly lower than the base-catalyzed and neutral pH hydrolysis rates. The effect of temperature on tetracycline hydrolysis was quantified by Arrhenius equation, with Ea values ranged from 42.0 kJ mol-1 to 77.0 kJ mol-1 at pH 7.0. In total, nine, six, eight and nine transformation products at three different pH conditions were identified for TC, CTC, OTC and DC, respectively. The main hydrolysis pathways involved the epimerization/isomerization, and dehydration. According to the mass balance analysis, 4-epi-tetracycline and iso-chlortetracycline were the main hydrolytic products for TC and CTC, respectively. The 2 tetracyclines and 4 hydrolysis products were found in the sludge samples in two WWTPs, with concentrations from 15.8 ng/g to 1418 ng/g. Preliminary toxicity evaluation for the tetracyclines and their hydrolysis products showed that some hydrolysis products had higher predicted toxicity than their parent compounds. These results suggest that the hydrolysis products of tetracycline antibiotics should also be included in environmental monitoring and risk assessment.

3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 454, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963479

RESUMO

Gold nanorods (GNRs) have a broad application prospect in biomedical fields because of their unique properties and controllable surface modification. The element aurum (Au) with high atomic number (high-Z) render GNRs ideal radiosensitive materials for radiation therapy and computed tomography (CT) imaging. Besides, GNRs have the capability of efficiently converting light energy to heat in the near-infrared (NIR) region for photothermal therapy. Although there are more and more researches on GNRs for radiation therapy, how to improve their biocompatibility and how to efficiently utilize them for radiation therapy should be further studied. This review will focuse on the research progress regarding the preparation and toxicity reduction of GNRs, as well as GNRs-mediated radiation therapy.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957665

RESUMO

Electro-reforming of renewable biomass resources is an alternative technology for sustainable pure H2 production. Herein, we discovered an unconventional cation effect on the concurrent formate and H2 production via glycerol electro-reforming. In stark contrast to the cation effect via forming the double layers in cathodic reactions, the presence of residual cations at the anode were discovered to interact with the glycerol oxidation intermediates to steer its product selectivity. Through a combination of product analysis, transient kinetics, crown ether trapping experiments, in situ IRRAS spectroscopy and DFT calculation, the aldehyde intermediates were discovered to be stabilized by the Li+ cations to favor the non-oxidative C-C cleavage for formate production. The maximal formate efficiency could reach 81.3% under ~ 60 mA/cm2 in LiOH. This work emphasizes the significance of engineering the microenvironment at the electrode-electrolyte interface for efficient electrolytic processes.

5.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 5335-5349, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934329

RESUMO

Herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) often cause latent infection for a lifetime, leading to repeated recurrence. HSVs have been engineered as oncolytic HSVs. The mechanism of the latent infection and recurrence remains largely unknown, which brings great challenges and limitations to eliminate HSVs in clinic and engineer safe oHSVs. Here, we systematically reviewed the latest development of the multi-step complex process of HSV latency and reactivation. Significantly, we first summarized the three HSV latent infection pathways, analyzed the structure and expression of the LAT1 and LAT2 of HSV-1 and HSV-2, proposed the regulation of LAT expression by four pathways, and dissected the function of LAT mediated by five LAT products of miRNAs, sRNAs, lncRNAs, sncRNAs and ORFs. We further analyzed that application of HSV LAT deletion mutants in HSV vaccines and oHSVs. Our review showed that deleting LAT significantly reduced the latency and reactivation of HSV, providing new ideas for the future development of safe and effective HSV therapeutics, vaccines and oHSVs. In addition, we proposed that RNA silencing or RNA interference may play an important role in HSV latency and reactivation, which is worth validating in future.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127557, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736197

RESUMO

The arsenic-rich biomass of Pteris vittata is a heavy burden to phytoremediation, but the compositions of extracts recycled from arsenic-rich biomass, such as rutin, may promote broiler growth. As such, this extract can be used to reduce the usage of antibiotics in the broiler industry and the cost of phytoremediation at the same time. Therefore, the critical issues for using extract from arsenic-rich biomass as a growth promoter have been studied, including its effective composition, health and environmental risks, and potential benefits and feasibility. Forty-five compounds were identified in the extract, and they were mainly flavonoids, chlorogenic acids, and proanthocyanidins, which can directly or indirectly influence the growth of broiler. The lifetime carcinogenic risks of broiler edible parts may be maximally increased by 4.75 × 10-9 due to feeding the extract. The arsenic concentration of the farmland fertilized with the excrement from the broiler fed with the extract may increase by 0.00003-0.01857 mg/kg per year. Results revealed a feasible scenario that the sustainability of phytoremediation and broiler industry could be benefited through wastes from each other.

7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 10616-10625, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the rule of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Using machine learning technology and artificial intelligence, we collected 516 traditional Chinese medicine compounds for treating AP in the recent past 20 years, and analyzed the application of Chinese medicine in the field of AP. The data set was established by the ingredients of each prescription and its corresponding effectiveness. 90% of the data was divided into the training set, and the remaining 10% of the data was used as the test set. We employed random forest method to build a model to predict the efficacy of the prescriptions in the treatment of AP. The R-squared score and mean absolute error was used to evaluate the model's performance. RESULTS: The most frequently used drugs were rhubarb, Radix Bupleuri, Fructus Aurantii Immaturus, and Mirabilite. Rhubarb and Rhizoma Corydalis had the greatest curative effect. The random forest model that fit all data showed that its R-squared score reached 0.8021. And the results predicted on the test set showed that the R-squared score reached 0.7318. CONCLUSIONS: Soothing the liver, promoting qi, clearing heat, removing obstructions of organs, activating blood, and resolving stagnation are the treatment methods for AP.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Tecnologia
8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 108296, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794889

RESUMO

Inflammation modulation is currently considered a promising therapeutic strategy to counteract the burden of cardiovascular disease. Amentoflavone (AME) is a natural biflavone with two apigenin molecules that, possess promising anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-cancer properties. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of AME on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo and in vitro, and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Our results showed that AME significantly reduced the levels of LDH, CK-MB, IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α after hypoxia (H) 12 h/reoxygenation (R) 4 h treatment, and significantly increased the cell survival rate of H9c2 cardiomyocytes induced by H/R and inhibited their apoptosis rate. AME (25, 50, 100 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.) or a positive control drug diltiazem (DIZ) (16 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.) was used as pretreatment for 7 days; the myocardial ischemia-reperfusion(I/R) model was established. TTC staining results showed that the infarct volume was significantly reduced after AME and DIZ treatment. Oral administration of AME dose-dependently ameliorated I/R injury-induced increase in pro-inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α) and levels of LDH and CK-MB. Results of TUNEL and HE staining showed that the I/R model had more induced apoptosis, but could be effectively reduced by pretreatment with AME. After surgery, the heart of the rat was examined via western blotting to detect inflammation-related proteins. Compared with the sham group, the p-AKT in the I/R group was significantly reduced and the content of p-NF-κBp65 was significantly increased. However, these changes could be reversed by AME treatment. DIZ treatment exerted similar beneficial effects in I/R rats as the high dose of AME did. This study highlights the excellent therapeutic potential of AME for managing myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

9.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 14: 17562848211036453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733354

RESUMO

Background: Colonic neuroendocrine carcinomas (co-NECs) are heterogeneous and aggressive, especially with regard to metastasis. Whether co-NECs on the right and left sides of the colon have different characteristics from colon adenocarcinoma is unknown. Methods: The co-NEC patients were selected from the 2010-2017 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database. The right and left sides of the colon were separated by the splenic flexure. Coarsened exact matching (CEM) was performed to adjust for relevant factors before regression models were constructed. Results: A total of 669 pathologically diagnosed co-NEC patients with sufficient baseline data were identified from the SEER database. A total of 80.72% of the patients had co-NEC that originated from the right side of the colon, and their mean overall survival (mOS) was similar to that of the patients with left-sided co-NECs (right versus left: 22.30 m versus 22.55 m). A total of 44.84% of the patients were diagnosed with liver metastasis (46.68% right side versus 37.98% left side). In patients with liver metastasis, those with right-sided co-NECs had better survival than those with left-sided co-NECs (mOS right versus left: 15.37 m versus 9.62 m; adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.49-0.98, p = 0.035). To further investigate the survival benefits of primary site resection, we separated the patients who had liver metastasis according to the primary site and performed CEM to balance the groups (no patients underwent liver metastasis resection or intervention). The results suggested that primary surgery could benefit patients with both left- and right-sided co-NECs (adjusted HR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.33-0.77, p = 0.001 on the right side; HR = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.16-0.89, p = 0.026 on the left side). Conclusions: Co-NECs frequently originate on the right side and commonly develop liver metastasis. Right-sided co-NECs are associated with better survival than left-sided co-NECs after liver metastasis has occurred. Primary site resection is associated with prolonged survival in co-NEC patients with liver metastasis, regardless of the side from which the co-NEC has originated.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(6)2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643250

RESUMO

Umbilical cord blood transplantation was first reported in 1980. Since then, additional research has indicated that umbilical cord blood stem cells (UCBSCs) have various advantages, such as multi­lineage differentiation potential and potent renewal activity, which may be induced to promote their differentiation into a variety of seed cells for tissue engineering and the treatment of clinical and metabolic diseases. Recent studies suggested that UCBSCs are able to differentiate into nerve cells, chondrocytes, hepatocyte­like cells, fat cells and osteoblasts. The culture of UCBSCs has developed from feeder­layer to feeder­free culture systems. The classical techniques of cell labeling and tracing by gene transfection and fluorescent dye and nucleic acid analogs have evolved to DNA barcode technology mediated by transposon/retrovirus, cyclization recombination­recombinase and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR­associated protein 9 strategies. DNA barcoding for cell development tracing has advanced to include single cells and single nucleic acid mutations. In the present study, the latest research findings on the development and differentiation, culture techniques and labeling and tracing of UCBSCs are reviewed. The present study may increase the current understanding of UCBSC biology and its clinical applications.

11.
Opt Express ; 29(19): 29595-29603, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614701

RESUMO

Time synchronization is crucial for quantum key distribution (QKD) systems. In order to compensate for the time drift caused by the Doppler effect and adapt to the unstable optical link in satellite-to-ground QKD, previous demonstrations generally adopted synchronization methods requiring additional hardware. In this paper, we present a novel synchronization method based on the detected quantum photons, thus simplifying additional hardware and reducing the complexity and cost. This method adopts target frequency scanning to realize fast frequency recovery, utilizes polynomial fitting to compensate for the Doppler effect, and takes use of the vacuum state in the decoy-state BB84 protocol to recover the time offset. This method can avoid the influence of synchronization light jitter, thus improving the synchronization precision and the secure keys as well. Successful satellite-to-ground QKD based on this new synchronization scheme has been conducted to demonstrate its feasibility and performance. The presented scheme provides an effective synchronization solution for quantum communication applications.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 700896, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690752

RESUMO

Purpose: Prunella vulgaris (PV), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat patients with thyroid disease for centuries in China. The purpose of the present study was to investigate its bioactive ingredients and mechanisms against Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology to provide some basis for experimental research. Methods: Ingredients of the PV formula were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) database. Additionally, HT-related genes were retrieved from the UniProt and GeneCards databases. Cytoscape constructed networks for visualization. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis was constructed, and a PPI network was built using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) database. These key targets of PV were enriched and analyzed by molecular docking verification, Gene Ontology (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment. Results: The compound-target network included 11 compounds and 66 target genes. Key targets contained Jun proto-oncogene (JUN), hsp90aa1.1 (AKI), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1), and tumor protein p53 (TP53). The main pathways included the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, the TNF signaling pathway, the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway. The molecular docking results revealed that the main compound identified in the Prunella vulgaris was luteolin, followed by kaempferol, which had a strong affinity for HT. Conclusion: Molecular docking studies indicated that luteolin and kaempferol were bioactive compounds of PV and might play an essential role in treating HT by regulating multiple signaling pathways.

13.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(4): 374-378, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693429

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of triple antibiotic paste on root canal microorganisms in periapical periodontitis of different stages. METHODS: Eighty-nine children with periapical periodontitis of deciduous teeth in Department of Stomatology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from April 2017 to April 2020 were enrolled, and divided into two groups according to the clinical symptoms and root X-ray films, i.e., acute inflammation group and chronic inflammation group. Samples of infected root canals were collected for bacterial identification, isolation and purification. The detection of microorganisms in the infected root canal and the composition of anaerobic microorganisms were analyzed in both groups. Disk diffusion method was used to observe antimicrobial effects of triple antibiotic paste and calcium hydroxide against common anaerobic bacteria, and the sensitivity of different anaerobic bacteria to triple antibiotic paste. Statistical analysis was completed by SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: The microorganisms in both groups were mainly anaerobic bacteria. The detection rates of aerobes and anaerobic bacteria in the infected root canals had no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The top five anaerobes detected in infected root canals were Peptostreptococcus, Bacteroidetes, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum. The detection rates of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Bacteroidetes in infected root canal of acute inflammation group were significantly higher than those of chronic inflammation group, and the detection rate of Enterococcus faecalis was significantly lower than that of chronic inflammation group(P<0.05). The bacteriostatic circle diameter of triple antibiotic paste against Peptostreptococcus, Bacteroidetes, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum was significantly larger than that of calcium hydroxide(P<0.05). The sensitivity of different anaerobic bacteria to triple antibiotic paste was highest in Enterococcus faecalis, followed by Peptostreptococcus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Bacteroidetes(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Triple antibiotic paste has good antimicrobial effect on the common bacteria in the infected root canal of acute and chronic periapical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Periodontite Periapical , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Enterococcus faecalis , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 697219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568025

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The genomic landscape in Chinese ccRCC needs to be elucidated. Herein, we investigated the molecular features of Chinese ccRCC patients. Genomic profiling of DNA was performed through next-generation sequencing (NGS) in Chinese patients with ccRCC between January 2017 and March 2020. Clinical information including age, gender, and tumor histology was collected. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining for PD-L1 expression was performed using PD-L1 IHC 22C3 pharmDx assay or Ventana PD-L1 SP263 assay. Data analyses were performed using R 3.6.1. A total of 880 Chinese ccRCC patients who have undergone NGS were included in this study. The most common somatic alterations were detected in VHL (59.7%), PBRM1 (18.0%), SETD2 (12.2%), BAP1 (10.2%), and TP53 (9.4%). Compared with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, a higher mutation frequency of VHL (59.7% vs. 50.0%, p < 0.001) and TP53 (9.4% vs. 3.5%, p < 0.001) and a lower mutation frequency of PBRM1 (18.0% vs. 31.0%, p < 0.001) were found in the Chinese cohort. Of the 460 patients who were evaluated for PD-L1 expression, 139 (30.2%) had positive PD-L1 expression. The median tumor mutational burden (TMB) value was 4.5 muts/Mb (range, 0-46.0). Five (0.7%) patients were identified as microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H). Furthermore, 52 (5.9%) patients were identified to carry pathogenic or likely pathogenic germline mutations in 22 cancer predisposition genes. This is the first large-scale comprehensive genomic analysis for Chinese ccRCC patients, and these results might provide a better understanding of molecular features in Chinese ccRCC patients, which can lead to an improvement in the personalized treatment for these patients.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 740267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497810

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer ranks second in the incidence rate of endocrine malignant cancer. Thyroid cancer is usually asymptomatic at the initial stage, which makes patients easily miss the early treatment time. Combining genetic testing with imaging can greatly improve the diagnostic efficiency of thyroid cancer. Researchers have discovered many genes related to thyroid cancer. However, the effects of these genes on thyroid cancer are different. We hypothesize that there is a stronger interaction between the core genes that cause thyroid cancer. Based on this hypothesis, we constructed an interaction network of thyroid cancer-related genes. We traversed the network through random walks, and sorted thyroid cancer-related genes through ADNN which is fusion of Adaboost and deep neural network (DNN). In addition, we discovered more thyroid cancer-related genes by ADNN. In order to verify the accuracy of ADNN, we conducted a fivefold cross-validation. ADNN achieved AUC of 0.85 and AUPR of 0.81, which are more accurate than other methods.

16.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(11): 867-873, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532748

RESUMO

Inflammation and immune disorders are integral to the occurrence and progression of atherosclerosis (AS). With the role of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in immune regulation attracting attention, it has been widely accepted that Treg decrease and dysfunction are involved in AS pathogenesis. Chinese medicine (CM) has the advantages of being dual-directional, multi-targeted, and having minimal side effects in immune regulation. The anti-atherosclerosis effects of CM via Treg modulation have been revealed in clinical and animal studies. Therefore, this article reviews existing research on Tregs, the relationship between Tregs and AS, and the progress of CM for treating and prevention of atherosclerotic cardio-cerebrovascular diseases by regulating Tregs. Although the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated, CM treatment targeting Treg cells might provide a promising and novel future approach for prevention and treatment of AS.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Animais , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
17.
J Cancer ; 12(20): 6058-6070, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539879

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) leads to poor prognosis due to high aggressiveness and common chemoresistance. Dihydromyricetin (DMY), the main bioactive compound isolated from Ampelopsis grossedentata, exhibits broad anti-tumor effects. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of DMY on CCA tumor growth and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its underlying mechanism in CCA. DMY treatment significantly inhibited cell proliferation and EMT in CCA cell lines. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin were down-regulated, while the level of E-cadherin was increased after DMY treatment. By analyzing the TCGA dataset, we found that miR-455 expression was significantly downregulated, while the level of ZEB1 was up-regulated in human CCA tumor tissues compared to normal samples. Mechanistic studies showed that ZEB1 was a direct target of miR-455-3p in CCA. Moreover, DMY treatment potently increased miR-455-3p expression and inhibited ZEB1 expression. Inhibition of miR-455-3p expression abolished DMY's inhibitory effects on tumor growth and EMT in both CCA cells and cell-engrafted nude mice. Finally, DMY significantly suppressed the expressions of p-PI3K and p-AKT, while silencing miR-455-3p remarkably abrogated the inhibitory effect. In conclusion, DMY suppresses tumor growth and EMT through regulating miR-455-3p in human cholangiocarcinoma, suggesting a potential option for CCA treatment.

18.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(9): 5723-5733, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480626

RESUMO

Flue-cured tobacco (FCT) with irritating and undesirable flavor must be aged. However, the spontaneous aging usually takes a very long time for the low efficiency. Bioaugmentation with functional strains is a promising method to reduce aging time and improve sensory quality. To eliminate the adverse effect of excessive starch or protein content on the FCT quality, we used the flow cytometry to sort Bacillus amyloliquefaciens LB with high alpha-amylase and Bacillus kochii SC with high neutral protease from the FCT microflora. The mono, co-culture of strains was performed the solid-state fermentation with FCT. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens monoculture for 2 days and Bacillus kochii monoculture for 2.5 days achieved the optimum quality. B. amyloliquefaciens-B. kochii co-culture at a ratio of 3:1 for 2 days of fermentation showed a more comprehensive quality enhancement and higher functional enzyme activity than mono-cultivation. Through OPLS-DA model (orthogonal partial least-squares-discriminant analyzes), there were 38 differential compounds between bioaugmentation samples. In co-cultivation, most of Maillard reaction products and terpenoid metabolites were at a higher level than other samples, which promoted an increase in aroma, softness and a decrease in irritation. This result validated the hypothesis of quality improvement via the co-culture. In our study, we presented a promising bioaugmentation technique for changing the sensory attributes of FCT in a short aging time.


Assuntos
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , Bacillus , Fermentação , Tabaco
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4446-4455, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581049

RESUMO

Twenty batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) were collected, with their peel and pulp taken as research objects. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) fingerprints of peel and pulp of AFI were established with 17 common peaks in peel and 10 in pulp. Six kinds of flavonoids were identified, i.e., narirutin, naringin, rhoifolin, hesperidin, neohesperidin and nobiletin. The Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine was employed for similarity analysis, which showed that the chromatographic peaks of peel and pulp were basically similar to their respective reference fingerprints, with all similarities greater than 0.90. The similarity between peel and pulp of the same batch of AFI ranged from 0.850 to 0.983. Cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were conducted on the common peaks of peel and pulp of AFI with SPSS 17.0 and SIMCA 14.1. Combined with the reference fingerprints, these analyses revealed 12 differential components regarding peel and pulp. Further, the content of the 6 flavonoids and synephrine was determined. The proposed method integrating UPLC fingerprint and multicomponent quantitative analysis is applicable to the quality evaluation of AFI. The results provide a certain basis for the scientific connotation about the appearance characteristic of AFI.


Assuntos
Citrus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Sinefrina
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