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1.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101402, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784515

RESUMO

Solid-state fermentation has been used to improve the nutritive value of feed ingredients. In the present study, we investigated the effects of solid-state fermented wheat bran (FWB) on growth performance and apparent digestibility in broiler chickens. We measured the growth performance (ADFI, ADG, feed conversion, livability, and European performance efficiency factor) over 38 d in chicks fed a corn-soybean meal control diet (CON) or CON plus wet FWB (25 g/kg [T1]; 50 g/kg [T2]); or T1 plus 3 g/kg (T3); or T2 plus 6 g/kg (T4) soybean oil). The same diets were used to determine nutrient availability in chicks aged 20 d. Regression equations for AME and AMEn were obtained using 20-day-old chicks fed either the corn-soybean meal basal diet only or basal diet partially substituted with 50, 150, or 300 g/kg DM FWB. Diets containing 25 or 50 g/kg wet FBW did not affect the growth performance of broiler chickens, nor the apparent DM, energy, and nitrogen digestibility of the feeds, compared with the control diets (all P > 0.05). Further supplementation with oil did not improve the growth performance of broiler chickens compared with controls or chickens fed FBW. However, chickens fed diets containing soybean oil (T3 or T4) had lower (P = 0.005 and P = 0.040, respectively) apparent DM and energy digestibility than the control and FWB groups. The regression equations for AME and AMEn with the substitution of FWB produced values of 1,854.3 and 1,743.9 kcal/kg DM, respectively, and the equations were Y = 1854.3X + 52.7 (R2 = 0.971, n = 24, P < 0.001), and Y = 1743.9X + 44.6 (R2 = 0.978, n = 24, P < 0.001), respectively. Supplementation with wet FWB did not affect the growth performance of broiler chickens. Therefore, FWB is a suitable feed component for broilers.

2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 513-517, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in Yunnan province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the soil-borne nematodiasis control strategy in the province. METHODS: In 2015, a total of 20 survey sites were sampled in 10 counties (cities) of Yunnan Province using the stratified cluster random sampling method. Stool samples were collected from all local permanent residents at ages of one year and older in each survey site, and the soil-borne nematode eggs were identified using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the egg number was counted. In addition, the hookworm species was identified using the filter-paperculture method, and Enterobius vermicularis eggs were detected using the cellophane tape method in children at ages of 3 to 6 years. RESULTS: A total of 5 067 residents received stool examinations, and 950 residents were detected with soil-borne nematode infections, with an overall prevalence rate of 18.75%. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichura and hookworm was 7.52%, 8.47% and 9.02%, respectively. Among 446 children detected using the cellophane tape method, 5 children were detected with E. vermicularis infections. Among the 160 residents with hookworm infections, there were 139 residents with Necator americanus infections (86.88%), 16 with A. duodenale infections (10.00%) and 5 with mixed infections (3.12%). Mild A. lumbricoides (67.98%, 259/381), T. trichura (88.58%, 380/429) and hookworm infections (94.53%, 432/457) were predominant. Among the four ecological zones, the highest prevalence of human soilborne nematode infections was found in the East Tibet-South Sichuan Ecological Zone (31.79%), and among the 10 survey counties (cities), the greatest prevalence was seen in Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County (50.13%), while the lowest prevalence was found in Ninglang Yi Autonomous County (0.40%). The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections was 5.67% (43/759), 26.67% (610/2 287) and 14.70% (297/2 021) in high-, moderate- and low-economic-level regions, respectively. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections in terms of ecological regions, survey counties (cities) or economic development levels (χ2 = 342.20, 814.60 and 201.34, all P < 0.05). There was no significantdifference in the prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections between male (18.21%, 441/2 422) and female residents (19.24%, 509/2 645) (χ2 = 0.89, P > 0.05), and soil-borne nematode infections were detected in residents at all age groups, with the greatest prevalence found in residents at ages of 1 to 9 years (25.88%). In addition, the highest prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections was seen in residents with the Dulong Ethnic Minority (82.09%), in preschool children (25.06%) and in illiterate residents (24.80%), and there was no age-, ethnicity-, occupation- or education level-specific prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections detected (χ2 = 46.50, 1 016.96, 36.33 and 52.43, all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of human soil-borne nematode infections remains high in Yunnan Province. The management of soil-borne nematodiasis requires to be reinforced among low-age children, farmers, old people and residents with low educations levels or ethnic groups.


Assuntos
Infecções por Nematoides , Solo , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários , Infecções por Nematoides/epidemiologia , Prevalência
3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(17): 171801, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739288

RESUMO

Using a dataset of 6.32 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} annihilation data collected with the BESIII detector at center-of-mass energies between 4178 and 4226 MeV, we have measured the absolute branching fraction of the leptonic decay D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ} via τ^{+}→e^{+}ν_{e}ν[over ¯]_{τ}, and find B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}}=(5.27±0.10±0.12)×10^{-2}, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The precision is improved by a factor of 2 compared to the previous best measurement. Combining with f_{D_{s}^{+}} from lattice quantum chromodynamics calculations or the |V_{cs}| from the CKMfitter group, we extract |V_{cs}|=0.978±0.009±0.012 and f_{D_{s}^{+}}=(251.1±2.4±3.0) MeV, respectively. Combining our result with the world averages of B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}} and B_{D_{s}^{+}→µ^{+}ν_{µ}}, we obtain the ratio of the branching fractions B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}}/B_{D_{s}^{+}→µ^{+}ν_{µ}}=9.72±0.37, which is consistent with the standard model prediction of lepton flavor universality.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 131801, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623854

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data taken with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV, the observation of the D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} semileptonic decay is presented. The statistical significance of the decay D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is greater than 10σ. The branching fraction of D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is measured to be (1.09±0.13_{-0.16}^{+0.09}±0.12)×10^{-3}. Here, the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third originates from the assumed branching fraction of K_{1}(1270)^{-}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{-}. The fraction of longitudinal polarization in D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is determined for the first time to be 0.50±0.19_{stat}±0.08_{syst}.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 121802, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597097

RESUMO

The absolute branching fraction of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} is reported for the first time based on an e^{+}e^{-} annihilation sample of 10×10^{9} J/ψ events collected with the BESIII detector at sqrt[s]=3.097 GeV. The branching fraction is determined to be B(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})=[1.48±0.21(stat)±0.08(syst)]×10^{-4}, which is improved by about 30% in precision over the previous indirect measurements. Combining this result with the world average of B(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e}), we obtain the ratio {[Γ(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})]/[Γ(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e})]} to be 0.178±0.028, which agrees with the standard model prediction assuming lepton flavor universality. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} and Λ[over ¯]→p[over ¯]µ^{+}ν_{µ} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found.

7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 829-835, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619908

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the efficacy of terminal branches portal vein embolization(TBPVE) for the increment of FLR in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and to introduce its clinical value with transcatheter chemoembolization(TACE) in the treatment of HCC patients without surgery. Methods: One hundred and fifty HCC patients from three clinical centers of china underwent TBPVE technique from December 2016 to May 2021,including 89 males and 61 females. The average age was 51.9 years(range:18 to 79 years).One hundred and one patients were diagnosed with a background of HBV infection,including 27 patients with portal venous hypertension.TACE was performed simultaneously with TBPVE in 102 patients.Fifty-three patients underwent hepatectomy,who were subdivided into HBV positive and HBV negative groups,with TACE and without TACE groups to analyze the increment of future liver remnant (FLR), complications and survival data.These data were also analyzed in other 97 patients without hepatectomy. Results: All the patients reached adequate FLR successfully in 14 days after TBPVE including patients with portal venous hypertension.The average increment rates of FLR was 56.2% in 7 days and 57.8% in 14 days after TBPVE. There was no significant difference neither between HBV positive and HBV negative groups(7 days:(55.0±27.3)% vs.(57.8±20.9)%,t=0.885,P=0.373; 14 days:(57.3±24.6)% vs.(58.3±23.7)%;t=0.801,P=0.447),or between with TACE and without TACE groups(7 days:(62.3±26.3)% vs. (48.8±20.6)%;t=1.788,P=0.077;14 days:(64.4±25.0)% vs.(55.2±23.1)%;t=1.097,P=0.257).The morbidity and mortality rates were 20.8% and 1.9% in patients with hepatectomy.The 1-,3-year overall survival(OS) and disease-free(DFS) rates were 87.5%,64.5% and 64.7%,40.6% for patients underwent surgery.There was no significant difference of 1-,3-year OS and DFS between HBV positive and negative groups,but there were different between TACE and without TACE groups.The 1-,3-year OS for patients underwent TBPVE and TACE but without surgery were 80.1%, 53.7%. Conclusion: TBPVE is a good alternative technique for modulation of FLR for staged hepatectomy even in HBV positive HCC patients and can be applied with TACE procedure simultaneously as an option treatment for patients with no intend to surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(19): 6101-6108, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and coronary heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients with CHD were chosen from Lanzhou City and Xianyang City, and then, 24 healthy controls who matched the CHD group in gender, age and address were chosen as control group. C-reactive protein (CRP) and c-reaction protein (hs-CRP) were detected. The levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), homocysteine (Hcy), hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α) and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1α) were detected. RESULTS: The number of EPCs in control groups was both increased compared with CHD group (p<0.05). The number of EPCs in Xianyang control group was increased compared with Lanzhou control group (p<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of TC, LDL and CRP in the CHD group were higher (p<0.05). Compared with Lanzhou control group, Hcy level was decreased in Lanzhou CHD group (p<0.05). Compared with Xianyang control group, the levels of IL-8 and VEGF were increased, but the levels of HIF-1α and Hcy were decreased in the Xianyang CHD group (p<0.05). The expressions of IL-8, VEGF, Hcy and HIF-1α were increased in Lanzhou control group than the Xianyang control group (p<0.05). In Lanzhou CHD group, Spearman correlation analysis showed that the number of EPCs was negatively related to hs-CRP content (r=-0.631, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The decrease of EPCs caused by high altitude may increase the expressions of various cytokines, leading to the occurrence of CHD.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489157

RESUMO

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common malignancies and has a low 5-year survival rate. Mounting evidence suggests that oral potentially malignant disorders, such as oral leukoplakia (OLK), may progress to HNSCC. Given that OLK and HNSCC are often insidious and asymptomatic, the identification of markers of OLK malignant transformation and therapeutic targets in HNSCC is critical. Using various online tools and publicly available gene expression datasets, the secreted phosphoprotein 1 gene (SPP1) was identified as a significant differentially expressed gene among OLK, HNSCC, and non-cancerous tissues. SPP1 mRNA levels were elevated in HNSCC tissues and were associated with cancer stage, tumor grade, and human papillomavirus infection status. High SPP1 mRNA levels were correlated with poor overall survival of HNSCC patients. In contrast, SPP1 mutations were not significantly associated with overall survival, although their frequency in HNSCC was very low (0.6%). Furthermore, SPP1 expression levels in HNSCC were positively correlated with the infiltration of CD4+ cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells. The study results suggest that SPP1 may represent a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker, as well as a potential therapeutic target in HNSCC.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(8): 082002, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477419

RESUMO

We report a measurement of the observed cross sections of e^{+}e^{-}→J/ψX based on 3.21 fb^{-1} of data accumulated at energies from 3.645 to 3.891 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider. In analysis of the cross sections, we measured the decay branching fractions of B(ψ(3686)→J/ψX)=(64.4±0.6±1.6)% and B(ψ(3770)→J/ψX)=(0.5±0.2±0.1)% for the first time. The energy-dependent line shape of these cross sections cannot be well described by two Breit-Wigner (BW) amplitudes of the expected decays ψ(3686)→J/ψX and ψ(3770)→J/ψX. Instead, it can be better described with one more BW amplitude of the decay R(3760)→J/ψX. Under this assumption, we extracted the R(3760) mass M_{R(3760)}=3766.2±3.8±0.4 MeV/c^{2} , total width Γ_{R(3760)}^{tot}=22.2±5.9±1.4 MeV, and product of leptonic width and decay branching fraction Γ_{R(3760)}^{ee}B[R(3760)→J/ψX]=(79.4±85.5±11.7) eV. The significance of the R(3760) is 5.3σ. The first uncertainties of these measured quantities are from fits to the cross sections and second systematic.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(14): 4687-4692, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Iguratimod is a new kind of synthetic small molecule disease modified anti-rheumatic drug with good efficacy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment; meanwhile, it exhibits potency to alleviate alveolar inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis. However, its application in RA interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients is seldomly reported. Thus, the current study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of iguratimod plus glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide vs. glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide in treating RA-ILD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Totally 101 RA-ILD patients underwent glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide (Control group: n=61) or iguratimod plus glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide (Iguratimod group: n=40) treatment were analyzed. General inflammation, disease activity, serum disease marker levels, high resolution lung computed tomography (HRCT) score, lung function indexes were evaluated within 24-week (W) treatment. RESULTS: No difference of baseline demographic or disease-related features was observed between Iguratimod group and Control group. Iguratimod group showed lower levels of CRP and ESR at W4, W12 and W24; as well as decreased DAS28 score, rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinate peptide antibody levels at W12 and W24 compared to Control group. HRCT score showed no difference between Iguratimod group and Control group at any time points. As to lung function indexes, forced vital capacity percent predicted [FVC (% predicted)], carbon monoxide diffusion capacity percent predicted [DLCO (%predicted)] and 6-minute-walk distance (6MWD) were all higher in Iguratimod group compared with Control group at W4, W12 and W24. Besides, no difference in adverse events was discovered between these two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Iguratimod attenuates general inflammation, disease activity, and improves lung function in RA-ILD patients.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(2): 021101, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296911

RESUMO

We report the properties of sodium (Na) and aluminum (Al) cosmic rays in the rigidity range 2.15 GV to 3.0 TV based on 0.46 million sodium and 0.51 million aluminum nuclei collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment on the International Space Station. We found that Na and Al, together with nitrogen (N), belong to a distinct cosmic ray group. In this group, we observe that, similar to the N flux, both the Na flux and Al flux are well described by the sums of a primary cosmic ray component (proportional to the silicon flux) and a secondary cosmic ray component (proportional to the fluorine flux). The fraction of the primary component increases with rigidity for the N, Na, and Al fluxes and becomes dominant at the highest rigidities. The Na/Si and Al/Si abundance ratios at the source, 0.036±0.003 for Na/Si and 0.103±0.004 for Al/Si, are determined independent of cosmic ray propagation.

15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 497-501, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102734

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the safety and effectiveness of a novel stent assisted intestinal bypass for preventing anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 9 patients with rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical resection and stent assisted intestinal bypass from September 2019 to June 2020 at the Department of Anus & Intestine Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 3 females, aged (62.1±6.8) years (range: 53 to 75 years), underwent laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer and stent assisted intestinal bypass. A degradable diverting stent was placed at the end of the ileum, and a drainage tube was placed at the proximal end of the stent to bypass the intestinal contents. After operation, the patients were given a diet with less residue. From the 14th day after operation, abdomen X-ray films were taken every 5 to 7 days to observe the destination of the stent dynamically. When the stent was observed to be disintegrated into pieces, the drainage tube was clamped for 3 days to observe any side effects before the tube was removed. The operation time, the time of removing the bypass tube and the total hospital stay were recorded. Results: Laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer and stent assisted intestinal bypass were successfully performed in all patients. The operation time was (230.4±48.0) minutes (range: 150 to 318 minutes), and the time of removing shunt tube was (28.8±4.6) days (range: 22 to 34 days). The duration of hospitalization was (21.0±8.6) days (range: 9 to 34 days). Postoperative pathological examination showed 7 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 1 case of moderately well differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 case of mucinous adenocarcinoma. There were 2 cases of T1, 4 cases of T2 and 3 cases of T3. The number of lymph node dissection was 13.4±3.5 (range: 6 to 18), 3 cases were positive and 6 cases were negative. The post-operation follow-up time was 6 to 16 months, no anastomotic leakage or stenosis was found. Conclusion: Stent assisted intestinal bypass for the prevention of anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer is safe and feasible, and shows good short-term effect.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Derivação Jejunoileal , Masculino , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents
16.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 23(12): 2403-2414, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100218

RESUMO

Iodine is an essential constituent of thyroid hormone. Active iodide accumulation in the thyroid is mediated by the sodium iodide symporter (NIS), comprising the first step in thyroid hormone biosynthesis, which relies on the functional expression of NIS on the cell membrane. The retention of NIS expressed in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cells allows further treatment with post-operative radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. However, compared with normal thyroid tissue, differentiated thyroid tumors usually show a decrease in the active iodide conveyance and NIS is generally retained within the cells, indicating that posttranslational protein transfer to the plasma membrane is abnormal. In recent years, through in vitro studies and studies of patients with DTC, various methods have been tested to increase the transport rate of NIS to the cell membrane and increase the absorption of iodine. An in-depth understanding of the mechanism of NIS transport to the plasma membrane could lead to improvements in RAI therapy. Therefore, in this review, we discuss the current knowledge concerning the post-translational mechanisms that regulate NIS transport to the cell membrane and the current status of redifferentiation therapy for patients with RAI-refractory (RAIR)-DTC.

17.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(6): 632-637, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078052

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunohistochemical characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of gastric SWI/SNF-complex deficient undifferentiated/rhabdoid carcinomas. Methods: Two cases of gastric SWI/SNF-complex deficient undifferentiated/rhabdoid carcinoma were collected at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China from 2017 to 2018. The clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. Hematoxylin and eosin, and immunohistochemical stains were performed, and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results: The two patients were both male, aged 60 and 74 years, respectively. Their symptoms were both abdominal pain. The tumor arose in the esophagogastric junction in case 1, and the cardia to the fundus and the posterior wall of the upper part of gastric body in case 2. Both tumors were present as an ulcerative mass. The patients died of tumor 11 months and 8 months after surgery, respectively. Histologically, the tumor cells arranged in sheets, nests, cords or trabecular patterns, and pseudoavleolar structure. The tumor cells were epithelioid with uniform morphology, while the tumors showed scant stroma and massive necrosis. Variable rhabdoid cells and multinucleated giant cells were seen in both cases. SMARCA4 encoding protein BRG1 was undetectable in both tumors, while SMARCB1 encoding protein INI1 was detected. The tumor cells were diffusely positive for vimentin and negative for epithelial marker (CKpan), gastrointestinal stromal tumor markers (CD117 and DOG1), myogenic markers (desmin and myogenin), melanoma markers (S-100 protein, SOX10 and HMB45), and lymphohematopoietic markers (LCA and CD20). Conclusions: Gastric SWI/SNF-complex deficient undifferentiated/rhabdoid carcinoma is a rare and highly aggressive tumor with poor prognosis. The detection of subunits protein expression of SWI/SNF complex is important for diagnosis of the tumor.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , China , DNA Helicases , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Prognóstico , Proteína SMARCB1/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074081

RESUMO

Objective: To further improve the awareness of the clinical feature of acute diquat poisoning. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 4 cases of acute diquat poisoning with epileptoid seizure as the main clinical manifestation, which were admitted and diagnosed by the Characteristic Medical Center of Chinese People's Armed Police Force from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019. Take "Diquat" or "Deiquat" or "Reward" as keyword search for CNKI, Pubmed, and EMbase in both Chinese and English. The date of literature retrieval was from the database founding to December 31, 2019. Results: Of the 4 patients, 3 were male and 1 female, with an average age of 28 years (22-33 years) . The estimated dose was 8-20 g. All patients were treated with gastric lavage, catharsis, fluid replacement, blood perfusion, and in the early stage of treatment of epileptic seizures, the initial routine antiepileptic drugs had poor effect. Then propofol and midazolam were injected into the treatment. The epilepsy was relieved, but the condition deteriorated rapidly, and the patients died eventually. The literature search retrieved 3 patients in the 3 literatures included in the study were analyzed, and their clinical course was similar to that of 4 cases in the center. Necropsy was performedon all 3 patients, and the results were cerebral edema, diffuse cerebral edema, and hemorrhage around the basal ganglia. Conclusion: Acute diquat poisoning can cause epileptic seizures. Once it occurs, the disease progresses rapidly and the prognosis is poor. The combination of large dose of sedative drugs can be used to treat epilepsy in order to improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Envenenamento , Adulto , Diquat , Feminino , Lavagem Gástrica , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões
19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(4): 381-384, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979968

RESUMO

Patients with chronic liver disease generally have emotional disorders that typically manifest as depression, and seriously affects the quality of life. The mechanism of emotional disorders in patients with chronic liver disease is unclear, and may be related to variety of factors such as disease type, etiological treatment, economic, social support, and an individual psychology. Moreover, emotional disorders in patients with chronic liver disease can be assessed on a variety of scales and managed comprehensively through non-drug and drug therapy. This article reviews the potential pathogenesis, evaluation and treatment methods, in order to improve and provide more help for its effective treatment.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias , Qualidade de Vida , Doença Crônica , Humanos
20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(5): 494-499, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915657

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of nodal nevi (NN). Methods: Eighteen cases of NN diagnosed at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China from 2009 to 2019 were collected. The clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed. Histopathologic evaluation and immunohistochemical studies were carried out. The Vysis Melanoma FISH Probe Kit, combined with 9p21(CDKN2A) and 8q24(MYC) assays were performed in 2 cases. Results: There were 2 males and 16 females in the case series. The age of the patients ranged from 36 to 70 years (average 48.2 years). Fifteen cases located in axillary lymph nodes, 1 in inguinal lymph node, 1 in cervical lymph node, and 1 in external iliac lymph node. NN was found in only one lymph node in each case. Histologically, the nevus cell aggregates were found in capsule of lymph nodes in all cases. Nevus cells grew along the capsule into trabeculae in 8 cases, with 3 of them scattered in parenchyma. In one of these 8 cases, nevus cell aggregates massively occupied the parenchyma of the lymph node. The largest lesions in the 18 NN cases measured from 0.2 to 6.5 mm. All of the NN cases were classified as conventional nevi. The majority of the cases were composed of uniform nevus-like cells and identical to cutaneous pigmented nevi without atypia, necrosis, or mitosis. In the NN case that massively occupied parenchyma, some areas had abundant nevus cells and displayed atypical cytologic features, including increased nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio, small nucleoli, and occasional mitotic figures. Immunohistochemistry was performed in 13 cases. All of them were positive for S-100, SOX10, Melan A, and p16. HMB45 showed weak staining in rare cells of only one case out of 13 cases. Ki-67 labeling index <1% was found in all 13 cases. Additionally, the results of FISH assay were both negative. All patients were followed up for 13 to 129 months (median 31.5 months). Except that one patient died of the salivary gland carcinoma, the other patients all survived without tumor during the follow-up period. Conclusions: NN is a benign melanocytic lesion in lymph node. It is important to distinguish NN from metastatic melanoma when nevus cells occur in parenchyma and subcapsular sinus of lymph nodes, or show some atypical cytologic features. The morphology of bland nevus cells in capsule and trabeculae is a valuable clue. Besides, immunohistochemical profiling and FISH assay are helpful in the differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Nevo , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Adulto , Idoso , China , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
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