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1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(2): 139-145, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220178

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the novel coronavirus, also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2), has become a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Due to the large infection population, broad transmissibility and high mortality, it is urgent to find out the efficient and specific methods to prevent and treat COVID-19. As biological products have broadly applied in the prevention and treatment of severe epidemic diseases, they are promising in blocking novel coronavirus infection. According to the research advances of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), we reviewed the potential application of biological products such as interferon, convalescent plasma, intestinal micro-ecological regulators, vaccines and therapeutic antibodies, etc. , on prevention and treatment of COVID-19. May this review be helpful for conquering COVID-19 in the near future.

2.
Yi Chuan ; 42(3): 296-308, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217515

RESUMO

A panel of ancestry informative SNPs (AISNPs) can be used to analyze the genetic components of a population and infer the ancestral origin of a DNA sample. Previously, we have selected a 74-AISNPs panel and used it to infer the ancestry of unknown individuals in the following ten geographical regions: Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Europe, Pacific, Americas, Southwest Asia, South Asia, North Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia. We have also established a 74-plex SNPs assay based on SEQUENOM system. In the present study, we genotyped 1371 individuals from 14 populations of China using this multiplex assay, and validated its ability to infer the ancestry in Chinese populations. Firstly, based on the reference database of 3628 individuals from 57 world populations, Structure and Heatmap were employed to evaluate the population differentiation capacity. The training data include 1654 individuals from 14 Chinese populations and 3 populations from 1K Genome, which are not included in the reference database. Then the likelihood ratio and ancestry components were analyzed for individual ancestry assignment using the 74-plex SNPs. The minimum amount of DNA required for a full genotype of the 74 SNPs is 1.5 ng, which is applicable for forensic analysis. The results demonstrate that this system can be used in differentiating the population from ten geographical regions. The ancestry inference accuracy for EUR/SAFR/AME population is 95.4%, 71.0% for East Asia and 66.4% for Southeast Asia respectively. The ancestry inference inclusive rate for EUR/SAFR/AME population is 1.06%, 17.9% for East Asia and 33.3% for Southeast Asia respectively. The results suggest that this method can be used in forensic investigations of criminal cases.

3.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect and mechanism of Huayu Wan (, HYW) in combination of chemotherapy of tumor treatment. METHODS: HYW serum was added in Lewis cells to assess its impact on fluorescent doxorubicin delivery in vitro. Then, Lewis tumor cells was implanted in C57BL/6 mice via xenograft transplantation. Tumor growth was measured and signal intensity corresponding to blood flow was assessed by laser doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI). Finally, the effect of HYW on the effificacy of doxorubicin was studied. RESULTS: HYW can improve the transfer of fluorescent doxorubicin into cells. The blood flow signal in the tumor tissues of the HYW group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.01). Furthermore, HYW improved drug delivery of doxorubicin to tumor tissues, and this activity was associated with HYW-induced microvascular proliferation (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: HYW can promote microangiogenesis and increase blood supply in tumor tissues, which in turn may increase the risk of metastasis. At the same time, HYW increases drug delivery and improves the effificacy of chemotherapy drugs through vascular proliferation. Therefore, rational judgment must be exercised when considering applying HYW to an antitumor regimen.

4.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129324

RESUMO

In the present study, low molecular weight poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC, Mn = 3500), a biodegradable liquid polymer easily prepared from carbon dioxide (CO2), was modified into poly(propylene carbonate)diacrylate (PPC-DA) by acylation, and methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG) was modified into methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) acrylate (mPEG-A). Using PPC-DA as the dispersant to dissolve hydrophobic doxorubicin (DOX) and the initiator, and with mPEG-A as the co-monomer and polymerisable surfactant, a biodegradable nanodrug with excellent biocompatibility was prepared by shear emulsification polymerization without surfactants or organic solvent residues. The nanodrug can be efficiently endocytosed by tumor cells and can rapidly release doxorubicin triggered by the acidic endosomal pH. As evidenced by experiments in tumor-bearing mice, such a nanodrug is stealthy during blood circulation, and targets tumor sites with high efficiency. Moreover, this nanodrug is more effective and less toxic than free doxorubicin. This study provides a green and versatile approach for preparing biodegradable nanodrugs via a simple and efficient process. Moreover, this study extends the applications of CO2 based polymers in the biomedical field, promoting the development of CO2 polymerization fixation.

5.
Clin Transplant ; 34(3): e13810, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011059

RESUMO

This retrospective multicenter cohort study aimed to compare the outcome of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HID-HSCT) with matched sibling donor (MSD) and unrelated donor (URD) transplantation in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients 40 years of age and older. With a median follow-up time of 17.6 months, 85 consecutive patients were enrolled in the study, and the median patient age was 45 years (40, 58). The cumulative engraftment rates of neutrophil and platelet were 98.8 ± 0.0% and 92.9 ± 0.1%. The cumulative incidences of Grade 2-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) at 3 years were 14.1 ± 0.1% and 17.3 ± 0.2%. The 3-year estimated overall survival (OS) and failure-free survival (FFS) were 91.2 ± 3.2% and 89.7 ± 3.5%. In multivariate analysis, the only factor associated with inferior survival was an ECOG score ≥2. HID-HSCT was associated with a higher incidence of GvHD, but the difference of 3-year estimated OS between HID group and the other two cohorts was not significant (86.7 ± 6.4% for HID vs 92.1% ± 4.4% for MSD and 100% for URD, P = .481). HID-HSCT might be a feasible alternative option for selected SAA patients aged 40 years and older without a matched donor.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Older antimicrobials, such as fosfomycin, are being considered as alternative agents in the treatment of drug-resistant organisms; however, there is limited data on the usefulness of fosfomycin in carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of fosfomycin resistance and associated mechanisms in CRKP. METHODS: 99 CRKP clinical strains were collected in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (Wenzhou, China) between January 2017 and June 2018. Fosfomycin susceptibility testing was carried out using the agar dilution method. Carbapenemases and fosfomycinases genes were detected by PCR, Analysis of themurA, glpT, uhpT, uhpA, pstI and cyaA genes was performed by PCR and sequencing four fosfomycin-resistant fosA3-negative CRKP strains. Conjugation experiments were employed to determine the mobility of fosA3 gene. RESULTS: Fosfomycin non-susceptibility was detected in 48.5% (48/99) isolates, and thefosA3 gene was detected in 44 strains of fosfomycin non-susceptible CRKP. Among the four fosfomycin-resistant fosA3-negative CRKPs, one strain possessed single nucleotide insertion and deletion mutations, 219 nucleotide substitution mutations in murA; two strains possessed deletion or mutation of large DNA fragments in glpT; one strains possessed a fragment insertion sequence in glpT. Transfection into Escherichia coli J53 via plasmid conjugation, was successful for 19 of the 44 fosA3-positive CRKPs (43.2%). CONCLUSIONS: ThefosA3 gene is the primary mechanism of fosfomycin resistance in CRKP and can be transmitted widely by plasmid in hospitals. Mutations in murA and glpT were found in fosfomycin-resistant fosA3-negative CRKP.

7.
J Glaucoma ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097258

RESUMO

PRéCIS:: After a short-term IOP elevation, the central retinal vein caliber may be widened at lower IOP rise levels, while be compressed at higher IOP rise values. PURPOSE: To investigate changes in the calibers of the central retinal vein (CRVT) and artery (CRAT) trunk during a short-term elevation of IOP. METHODS: A prospective observational study. Acute primary angle-closure suspects underwent a dark room prone provocative test (DRPPT) for two hours. Before and at the end of the test, tonometry, swept-source optical coherence tomography, and non-mydriatic fundus photography were performed. The calibers of the CRVT and CRAT were measured on the fundus photos taken at baseline and at the end of the DRPPT. RESULTS: The study included 101 eyes (61 individuals; mean age:54.8±9.3▒y; range:30-70▒y) which showed an increase in IOP by 9.6±9.0▒mmHg (range:2.3-46.7▒mmHg). From baseline to the end of the DRPPT, the mean CRVT caliber increased from 101.8±25.9▒µm to 107.7±26.6▒µm (P<0.001), while the CRAT caliber did not differ significantly (110.3±24.2▒µm vs. 109.7±21.5▒µm; P=0.54) during the test. The CRVT widening was larger in the subgroup with IOP rise of <6▒mmHg than in the subgroup with an IOP rise of 6-15▒mmHg, while in the subgroup with an IOP rise of >15▒mmHg the CRVT caliber did not change significantly (P=0.20) during the test. CONCLUSIONS: A physiologic short-term IOP rise at lower levels of IOP elevation led to a widening of the CRVT, while at higher IOP values, the further IOP-rise may have compressed the retinal vein. Due to higher intraluminal pressure values, the retinal artery diameters were not affected by the IOP-rise.

8.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(2)2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069858

RESUMO

Vip3Aa, a soluble protein produced by certain Bacillus thuringiensis strains, is capable of inducing apoptosis in Sf9 cells. However, the apoptosis mechanism triggered by Vip3Aa is unclear. In this study, we found that Vip3Aa induces mitochondrial dysfunction, as evidenced by signs of collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential, accumulation of reactive oxygen species, release of cytochrome c, and caspase-9 and -3 activation. Meanwhile, our results indicated that Vip3Aa reduces the ability of lysosomes in Sf9 cells to retain acridine orange. Moreover, pretreatment with Z-Phe-Tyr-CHO (a cathepsin L inhibitor) or pepstatin (a cathepsin D inhibitor) increased Sf9 cell viability, reduced cytochrome c release, and decreased caspase-9 and -3 activity. In conclusion, our findings suggested that Vip3Aa promotes Sf9 cell apoptosis by mitochondrial dysfunction, and lysosomes also play a vital role in the action of Vip3Aa.

9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(11): 3390-3402, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096985

RESUMO

Insect carboxylesterases are major enzymes involved in metabolism of xenobiotics including insecticides. Two carboxylesterase genes, CarE001A and CarE001H, were cloned from the destructive agricultural pest Helicoverpa armigera. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that CarE001A and CarE001H were predominantly expressed in fat body and midgut, respectively; developmental expression analyses found that the expression levels of both CarEs were significantly higher in fifth-instar larvae than in other life stages. Recombinant CarE001A and CarE001H expressed in the Escherichia coli exhibited high enzymatic activity toward α-naphthyl acetate. Inhibition assays showed that organophosphates had strong inhibition on CarEs activity compared to pyrethroids. Metabolism assays indicated that CarE001A and CarE001H were able to metabolize ß-cypermethrin and λ-cyhalothrin. Homology modeling and molecular docking analyses demonstrated that ß-cypermethrin could fit nicely into the active pocket of both carboxylesterases. These results suggested that CarE001A and CarE001H could play important roles in the detoxification of pyrehtroids in H. armigera.

10.
Gene ; 737: 144450, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057930

RESUMO

Fungal keratitis is a corneal disease with a high blindness rate caused by pathogenic fungal infections. The pathogenesis of fungal keratitis and the immune response after fungal infection are still unclear. Notably, the pathological features of fungal keratitis in tree shrews are similar to those in humans. In the present study, mRNA profiling of tree shrew corneas with fungal keratitis was performed. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed on the differentially expressed mRNAs, and the GO biological process ontology was used to analyze functional trends in the differentially expressed mRNAs. In total, 151 downregulated and 71 upregulated mRNAs were shared among the 7-day, 14-day and 30-day infection groups. These differentially expressed mRNAs were significantly enriched in the GO category immune response (GO: 0002376) and the KEGG pathways cytokine receptor binding (KEGG ID: tup04060) and cell adhesion (KEGG ID: tup04514). The downregulated mRNAs were significantly enriched in the corneal epithelial cell adhesion function. Fifty-eight initially upregulated mRNAs gradually decreased in expression, and these mRNAs were significantly enriched in the functions lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and antibacterial polypeptide recognition, cell differentiation, and cell rearrangement. Zeta chain of T-cell receptor associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP70), lymphocyte cytosolic protein 2 (LCP2), C-C motif chemokine and its receptor showed high degrees of connectivity in the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. We speculate that the decrease in symptoms of tree shrew fungal keratitis may be related to the upregulation of genes involved in immune regulation and macrophage colony stimulation. This study showed that the C-C motif chemokine and its receptor may play a key role in regulating tree shrew fungal keratitis, providing a theoretical basis for studying the pathogenesis of human fungal keratitis.

11.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-13, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054547

RESUMO

B vitamins (including folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12) and methionine are essential for methylation reactions, nucleotide synthesis, DNA stability and DNA repair. However, epidemiological evidence among Chinese populations is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate B vitamins and methionine in relation to colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population. A case-control study was conducted from July 2010 to April 2019. A total of 2502 patients with colorectal cancer were recruited along with 2538 age- (5-year interval) and sex-matched controls. Dietary data were collected using a validated FFQ. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess OR and 95 % CI. The intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 was inversely associated with colorectal cancer risk. The multivariable OR for the highest quartile v. the lowest quartile were 0·62 (95 % CI 0·51, 0·74; Ptrend < 0·001) for folate, 0·46 (95 % CI 0·38, 0·55; Ptrend < 0·001) for vitamin B2, 0·55 (95 % CI 0·46, 0·76; Ptrend < 0·001) for vitamin B6 and 0·72 (95 % CI 0·60, 0·86; Ptrend < 0·001) for vitamin B12. No statistically significant association was found between methionine intake and colorectal cancer risk. Stratified analysis by sex showed that the inverse associations between vitamin B12 and methionine intake and colorectal cancer risk were found only among women. This study indicated that higher intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 was associated with decreased risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population.

12.
Nutrients ; 12(1)2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963221

RESUMO

Diet may modulate chronic inflammation. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII®) was associated with the risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population. A case-control study was conducted from July 2010 to April 2019, in Guangzhou, China. A total of 2502 eligible cases were recruited along with 2538 age- (5-year interval) and sex-matched controls. Dietary data derived from a validated food frequency questionnaire were used to calculate the energy-adjusted DII (E-DII) scores. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for colorectal cancer risk were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models. In this study, E-DII scores ranged from -5.96 (the most anti-inflammatory score) to +6.01 (the most pro-inflammatory score). A positive association was found between the E-DII and colorectal cancer risk, with the OR = 1.40 (95% CI 1.16, 1.68; Ptrend < 0.01) for the highest E-DII quartile compared with the lowest quartile after adjusting for potential confounders. When stratified based on cancer subsite, sex, body mass index, and smoking status, significant associations were not observed in women or underweight individuals. Results from this study confirmed that a higher E-DII score was associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population.

13.
J Periodontal Res ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Excessive osteoclast activity is a major characteristic of pathogenic bone loss in inflammatory bone diseases including periodontitis. However, beyond the knowledge that osteoclasts are differentiated from the monocyte/macrophage lineage and share common ancestry with macrophages and DC, the nature and function of osteoclast precursors are not completely understood. Furthermore, little is known about how osteoclast precursors respond to bacterial infection in vivo. We have previously demonstrated in vitro that the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) plays a biphasic role on the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation. In this study, we investigated the in vivo effect of Pg infection on the regulation of osteoclast precursors, using a mouse calvarial infection model. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6 wild-type and the myeloid differentiation factor 88 knockout (MyD88-/- ) mice were infected with Pg by calvarial injection. Local and systemic bone loss, and the number and function of CD11b+ c-fms+ cells from bone marrow and spleen were analyzed. Our results show that Pg infection induces localized inflammatory infiltration and osteoclastogenesis, as well as increased number and osteoclastogenic potential of CD11b+ c-fms+ osteoclast precursors in the bone marrow and periphery. We also show that CD11b+ c-fms+ RANK+ and CD11b+ c-fms+ RANK- are precursors with similar osteoclastogenic and pro-inflammatory potentials. In addition, CD11b+ c-fms+ cells exhibit an antigen-specific T-cell immune-suppressive activity, which are increased with Pg infection. Moreover, we demonstrate that MyD88 is involved in the regulation of osteoclast precursors upon Pg infection. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate an enhanced dual function of osteoclast precursors following calvarial Pg infection. Based on our findings, we propose the following model: Pg infection increases a pool of precursor cells that can be shunted toward osteoclast formation at the infection/inflammation sites, while at the same time dampening host immune responses, which is beneficial for the persistence of infection and maintenance of the characteristic chronic nature of periodontitis. Understanding the nature, function, and regulation of osteoclast precursors will be helpful for identifying therapeutic interventions to aid in the control and prevention of inflammatory bone loss diseases including periodontitis.

14.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953625

RESUMO

Diseases are natural components of the environment, and many have economic implications for aquaculture and fisheries. Aquaculture is a fast-growing industry with the aim to meet the high protein demand of the ever-increasing global population; however, the emergence of diseases is a major setback to the industry. Probiotics emerged as a better solution to curb the disease problem in aquaculture among many alternatives. Probiotic Bacillus has been proven to better combat a wide range of fish pathogens relative to other probiotics in aquaculture; therefore, understanding the various mechanisms used by Bacillus in combating diseases will help improve their mode of action hence yielding better results in their combat against pathogens in the aquaculture industry. Thus, an overview of the mechanisms (production of bacteriocins, suppression of virulence gene expression, competition for adhesion sites, production of lytic enzymes, production of antibiotics, immunostimulation, competition for nutrients and energy, and production of organic acids) used by Bacillus probiotics in mitigating fish pathogens ranging from Aeromonas, Vibrio, Streptococcus, Yersinia, Pseudomonas, Clostridium, Acinetobacter, Edwardsiella, Flavobacterium, white spot syndrome virus, and infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus proven to be mitigated by Bacillus have been provided.

15.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 169: 107277, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715184

RESUMO

Endothiapepsin is an aspartic proteinase that was first isolated from the plant pathogenic fungus Endothia parasitica. In previous studies, we reported on three endothiapepsin-like proteins in the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana; the genes were up-regulated in B. bassiana hyper-virulent strain GXsk1011 at early stage infection in the silkworm. However, whether these proteins play a role in pathogenicity or not remains unknown. In this study, we cloned one protein, BbepnL-1 gene (BBA-07766), that has 98% homology with B. bassiana strain Bb2860, and expressed it in the yeast Pichia pastoris to investigate its function. The endothiapepsin-like protein is a secreted proteinase of molecular weight approximately 40 kDa. It has an N-glycosylation site and a mutation in the C-terminal conserved domain- a Thr was mutated to Gly in B. bassiana GXsk1011 and is different than the endothiapepsin of Endothia parasitica. The recombinant endothiapepsin-like protein showed enzyme activity and degraded the protein components of the silkworm cuticle. To further investigate the activity of the endothiapepsin-like protein, we knocked out the gene BbepnL-1 and showed that the loss of BbepnL-1 reduced the virulence in the silkworm. These results demonstrated that the endothiapepsin-like protein of B. bassiana is a virulence factor.

16.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(2): e23065, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a necessary component of chronic kidney disease (CKD) that can be attributed to an accumulation of toxins and a reduced clearance of proinflammatory cytokines. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a widely applied biomarker in the diagnosis of infection, and considering the presence of pre-existing inflammation in CKD patients, the PCT level could be high in such a population; however, no reference value for PCT in CKD patients has been available to date. METHODS: During the present study period, 361 CKD patients and 119 healthy controls were included. The PCT level and other biochemistry parameters were assayed by using a COBAS system. Statistical analysis was conducted to compare the differences in PCT levels and other biochemistry parameters between the two groups, and linear regression was used to assess the correlation between two variables. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the performance of PCT and the optimal cutoff value to differentiate between CKD patients and healthy controls. RESULTS: The PCT level in CKD patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls, and among the CKD patients, the PCT level was increased with advanced clinical stage. Moreover, PCT was moderately correlated with CysC. The optimal off-value was 0.075 with a sensitivity of 94.7% and specificity of 90.8%. CONCLUSION: The PCT level was significantly higher in CKD patients than in healthy controls, and the reference value for CKD patients should be adjusted to avoid unnecessary antibiotic treatments which may pose a negative impact on residual renal function.

17.
Orthop Surg ; 12(1): 286-294, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between the Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) score of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients with different degrees and their urine concentration of C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type II (CTX-II) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and to further evaluate the diagnostic value of CTX-II and IL-1ß during the pathological process by producing an experimental osteoarthritis (OA) model in rabbits. METHODS: From 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2018, a total of 34 subjects (7 mild, 9 moderate, 9 severe arthritis patients, and 9 healthy individuals) comprising 16 men and 18 women were included in this study. Patients were diagnosed according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. The urine of all subjects was collected to detect the concentration of CTX-II and IL-1ß. The rabbits in the KOA group were subjected to protease (control group with saline) injection into the articular cavity of their right knees and immobilization with gypsum. We used radiological and histological examination to identify the KOA model. ELISA was applied to investigate the concentrations of CTX-II and IL-1ß in urine and serum, and Spearman's rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the mean ages and body mass index (BMI) between groups. The mean ages of mild, moderate, and severe arthritis patients and healthy individuals were 54.29 ± 5.76, 58.44 ± 6.44, 59.89 ± 6.75, and 56.67 ± 4.18 years, respectively. The mean BMI of mild, moderate, and severe arthritis patients and healthy individuals were 23.59 ± 1.56, 23.57 ± 2.06, 24.46 ± 1.64, and 23.42 ± 1.35 kg/m2 , respectively. The Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) score was higher with the aggravation of KOA. The K-L scores of mild, moderate, and severe KOA patients were 1.14 ± 0.38, 2.56 ± 0.53, and 3.63 ± 0.52, respectively. The KOA symptoms of patients became more severe, with not only increased K-L scores but also elevated concentrations of CTX-II and IL-1ß. Moreover, there was a positive correlation between CTX-II and IL-1ß of all subjects (r = 0.974, P < 0.001), between K-L score and urine concentration of CTX-II (r = 0.900, P < 0.001), and between K-L score and IL-1ß (r = 0.813, P < 0.001) of all subjects. Both were significantly increased in KOA group rabbits at all time points after surgery. The serum concentration of CTX-II and IL-1ß was elevated as early as in the 2nd week (3.69 and 4.25 times) and reached a peak (5.41 and 7.23 times) in the 4th week after surgery. Then, until 12 weeks after surgery, the CTX-II and IL-1ß concentrations in the KOA group were slightly reduced and remained around 4.5 and 6.3 times that in the control group. Moreover, there was a positive correlation between the serum concentration of IL-1ß and CTX-II (r = 0.967, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: CTX-II and IL-1ß, which were significantly increased during the process of KOA, can be used as biomolecular markers to provide guidelines for early diagnosis and treatment of KOA.

18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(2): 208-217, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484993

RESUMO

TMEM16A Ca2+-activated chloride channel (CaCC) plays an essential role in vascular homeostasis. In this study we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying downregulation of TMEM16A CaCC activity during hypertension. In cultured basilar artery smooth muscle cells (BASMCs) isolated from 2k2c renohypertesive rats, treatment with angiotensin II (0.125-1 µM) dose-dependently increased endophilin A2 levels and decreased TMEM16A expression. Similar phenomenon was observed in basilar artery isolated from 2k2c rats. We then used whole-cell recording to examine whether endophilin A2 could regulate TMEM16A CaCC activity in BASMCs and found that knockdown of endophilin A2 significantly enhanced CaCC activity, whereas overexpression of endophilin A2 produced the opposite effect. Overexpression of endophilin A2 did not affect the TMEM16A mRNA level, but markedly decreased TMEM16A protein level in BASMCs by inducing ubiquitination and autophagy of TMEM16A. Ubiquitin-binding receptor p62 (SQSTM1) could bind to ubiquitinated TMEM16A and resulted in a process of TMEM16A proteolysis in autophagosome/lysosome. These data provide new insights into the regulation of TMEM16A CaCC activity by endophilin A2 in BASMCs, which partly explains the mechanism of angiotensin-II-induced TMEM16A inhibition during hypertension-induced vascular remodeling.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733535

RESUMO

Promoting highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) uptake and deposition can improve nutritional value of farmed fish and reduce dietary fish oil addition. Previously, we found that the golden pompano Trachinotus ovatus liver HUFA content increased with the increasing of dietary HUFA. Therefore, we examined the common genes and pathways responsible for HUFA uptake and deposition in T. ovatus liver using transcriptome sequencing technology after feeding with either 1.0% or 2.1% HUFA for 8 weeks. Results showed that a total of 140 and 147 genes were significantly upregulated and downregulated, respectively. Five bile acid synthesis-related genes (CYP7A1, CYP8B1, AKR1D1, SCP2 and ACOT8), which are related to dietary fat emulsification were downregulated in 2.1% HUFA group, implying that the cholate synthesized through the classical pathway might be the main bile acid form in fat emulsification. Moreover, fatty acid transport protein (FATP)-6, fatty acid binding protein (FABP)-1, -4, and -6 increased with HUFA deposition, especially FATP6 and FABP4, suggesting that the two genes may be important mediators involved in HUFA uptake and deposition. KEGG analysis showed that most of the differential genes described above were involved in peroxisome proliferator activator receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, and PPARγ increased with HUFA deposition, indicating that PPARγ might be a key regulator of HUFA uptake and deposition by regulating the genes involved in fatty acid emulsification and transport. This study focused on the liver, which is the center of intermediary metabolism, providing a comprehensive understanding of the molecular regulation of HUFA uptake and deposition in T. ovatus, which should be further investigated to develop potential measures to improve HUFA content.

20.
Br J Nutr ; 123(6): 699-711, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826765

RESUMO

The effects of dietary vitamin D, Ca and dairy products intakes on colorectal cancer risk remain controversial. The present study investigated the association between these dietary intakes and the risk of colorectal cancer in Guangdong, China. From July 2010 to December 2018, 2380 patients with colorectal cancer and 2389 sex- and age-matched controls were recruited. Dietary intake data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a validated FFQ. Unconditional multivariable logistic regression models were used to calculate the OR and 95 % CI after adjusting for various confounders. Higher dietary vitamin D and Ca intakes were associated with 43 and 52 % reductions in colorectal cancer risk, with OR of 0·57 (95 % CI 0·46, 0·70) and 0·48 (95 % CI 0·39, 0·61), respectively, for the highest quartile (v. the lowest quartile) intakes. A statistically significant inverse association was observed between total dairy product intake and colorectal cancer risk, with an adjusted OR of 0·32 (95 % CI 0·27, 0·39) for the highest v. the lowest tertile. Subjects who drank milk had a 48 % lower risk of colorectal cancer than those who did not (OR 0·52, 95 % CI 0·45, 0·59). The inverse associations of dietary vitamin D, Ca, total dairy products and milk intakes with the risk of colorectal cancer were independent of sex and cancer site. Our study supports the protective effects of high dietary vitamin D, Ca and dairy products intakes against colorectal cancer in a Chinese population.

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