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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 417: 125998, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975165

RESUMO

Phytoavailability of Cadmium (Cd) plays a critical role in its accumulation in soil-rice systems. However, differential aging and phytoavailability of newly introduced Cd (CdN) and legacy Cd (CdL) in the soil-rice system remains unknown. Moreover, distinguishing their aging and phytoavailability is challenging. Enriched 112Cd isotope was introduced into a series of pot experiments, combined with sequential extraction and isotope dilution (110Cd isotopic spike), to investigate the aging and distribution of CdN and CdL under different treatments. The treatments included simulated acid rain, slaked lime, and biochar. CdN aged quickly than CdL in flooded soil and its availability was similar to that of CdL after tillering stage. The grain Cd contents were positively correlated to Cd concentrations in the overlying water. Acid rain reduced the soil pH, increasing the grain Cd, while slaked lime reduced grain Cd content. The acidic biochar used in this study increased grain Cd, possibly through soil acidification-induced Cd release. The differences in bioaccumulation and translocation factors between CdN and CdL in rice plants under slaked lime and biochar treatments suggested their different in vivo complexations and translocations. Analysis of bioaccessibility of CdN and CdL in rice grains provided valuable insights regarding human Cd exposure.

2.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211009689, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The serum glucose/potassium ratio (GPR) is a potential prognostic predictor for acute brain injury-related diseases. We calculated the serum GPR in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and explored its prognostic value for long-term prognoses and ICH severity. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study consecutively included 92 patients with ICH and 92 healthy controls. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, and hematoma volume were used to assess severity. A modified Rankin Scale score > 2 at 90 days post-stroke was defined as a poor outcome. RESULTS: The serum GPR was significantly higher in patients than controls. The serum GPR was weakly correlated with the NIHSS score, GCS score, and hematoma volume. The serum GPR, GCS score, and hematoma volume were independently associated with poor outcomes. In the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the serum GPR remarkably discriminated patients at risk of poor outcomes at 90 days. The serum GPR significantly improved the prognostic predictive capability of hematoma volume and tended to increase that of the GCS score. CONCLUSION: Serum GPR is an easily obtained clinical variable for predicting clinical outcomes after ICH.

3.
AIDS Care ; : 1-8, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908841

RESUMO

Recent evidence shows that circumcision is associated with lower HIV prevalence among MSM. We assessed the acceptability of circumcision for preventing HIV and that of Shang Ring circumcision (SRC) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. 538 adult MSM were recruited from six cities in China between January and March 2019. Participants were surveyed by an online, self-administered questionnaire. The acceptability of circumcision was assessed before and after the potential protective effect of circumcision against HIV was informed, and subsequently men's willingness to undergo SRC was assessed. The level of circumcision was 16.4%. Of 450 uncircumcised MSM, their willingness to be circumcised in the following six months increased significantly from 32.2% to 55.6% after the information session. Three quarters of men who were willing to undergo circumcision accepted SRC. MSM who perceived that circumcision could maintain genital hygiene were more likely to accept circumcision after the information session, whereas those who regarded circumcision as an embarrassing surgery were disinclined to be circumcised. The low circumcision rate, along with its high acceptability in Chinese MSM, suggests a great potential benefit of circumcision intervention if proved effective. SRC might be a popular circumcision procedure in this population.

4.
Asian J Surg ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888366

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We compared the long-term outcome of the watch and wait (WW) strategy and surgery in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 84 patients who achieved clinical complete response (cCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). They were divided into the WW group (n = 58) and surgery group (SG, n = 26). Patients in the SG underwent total mesorectal excision. The study site was the Peking University Cancer Hospital. RESULTS: Eighty-four patients were included (58 and 26 in the WW group and SG, respectively). A total of 76·9% of the patients in the SG achieved pathological complete response (pCR) and 23·1% of the patients had a residual tumor. The total recurrence and metastasis rate was 15·4% (4/26) in the SG and 18·9% (11/58) in the WW group. There was no significant difference in the recurrence and metastasis rate between the two groups. In the WW group, 9 cases developed tumor regrowth during follow-up and underwent salvage surgery. The overall survival rate of the WW group (96·6% vs 92·3%) was not significantly different from that of the SG (P > 0·05). The WW patients also retained their anal sphincter function and avoided surgery-related complications. CONCLUSION: The WW strategy is a feasible treatment option in patients with cCR after NCRT. Surgery may not bring benefits to these cCR patients.

5.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 6688408, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815498

RESUMO

The coverage optimization problem of wireless sensor network has become one of the hot topics in the current field. Through the research on the problem of coverage optimization, the coverage of the network can be improved, the distribution redundancy of the sensor nodes can be reduced, the energy consumption can be reduced, and the network life cycle can be prolonged, thereby ensuring the stability of the entire network. In this paper, a novel grey wolf algorithm optimized by simulated annealing is proposed according to the problem that the sensor nodes have high aggregation degree and low coverage rate when they are deployed randomly. Firstly, the mathematical model of the coverage optimization of wireless sensor networks is established. Secondly, in the process of grey wolf optimization algorithm, the simulated annealing algorithm is embedded into the grey wolf after the siege behavior ends and before the grey wolf is updated to enhance the global optimization ability of the grey wolf algorithm and at the same time improve the convergence rate of the grey wolf algorithm. Simulation experiments show that the improved grey wolf algorithm optimized by simulated annealing is applied to the coverage optimization of wireless sensor networks. It has better effect than particle swarm optimization algorithm and standard grey wolf optimization algorithm, has faster optimization speed, improves the coverage of the network, reduces the energy consumption of the nodes, and prolongs the network life cycle.

6.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863994

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex state-dependent psychiatric illness for which biomarkers linking psychophysical, biochemical, and psychopathological changes remain yet elusive, though. Earlier studies demonstrate reduced GABA in lower-order occipital cortex in acute MDD leaving open its validity and significance for higher-order visual perception, though. The goal of our study is to fill that gap by combining psychophysical investigation of visual perception with measurement of GABA concentration in middle temporal visual area (hMT+) in acute depressed MDD. Psychophysically, we observe a highly specific deficit in visual surround motion suppression in a large sample of acute MDD subjects which, importantly, correlates with symptom severity. Both visual deficit and its relation to symptom severity are replicated in the smaller MDD sample that received MRS. Using high-field 7T proton Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), acute MDD subjects exhibit decreased GABA concentration in visual MT+ which, unlike in healthy subjects, no longer correlates with their visual motion performance, i.e., impaired SI. In sum, our combined psychophysical-biochemical study demonstrates an important role of reduced occipital GABA for altered visual perception and psychopathological symptoms in acute MDD. Bridging the gap from the biochemical level of occipital GABA over visual-perceptual changes to psychopathological symptoms, our findings point to the importance of the occipital cortex in acute depressed MDD including its role as candidate biomarker.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8840835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33708997

RESUMO

This study established an interpretable machine learning model to predict the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and output the most crucial deterioration factors. Clinical information, laboratory tests, and chest computed tomography (CT) scans at admission were collected. Two experienced radiologists reviewed the scans for the patterns, distribution, and CT scores of lung abnormalities. Six machine learning models were established to predict the severity of COVID-19. After parameter tuning and performance comparison, the optimal model was explained using Shapley Additive explanations to output the crucial factors. This study enrolled and classified 198 patients into mild (n = 162; 46.93 ± 14.49 years old) and severe (n = 36; 60.97 ± 15.91 years old) groups. The severe group had a higher temperature (37.42 ± 0.99°C vs. 36.75 ± 0.66°C), CT score at admission, neutrophil count, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio than the mild group. The XGBoost model ranked first among all models, with an AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.924, 90.91%, and 97.96%, respectively. The early stage of chest CT, total CT score of the percentage of lung involvement, and age were the top three contributors to the prediction of the deterioration of XGBoost. A higher total score on chest CT had a more significant impact on the prediction. In conclusion, the XGBoost model to predict the severity of COVID-19 achieved excellent performance and output the essential factors in the deterioration process, which may help with early clinical intervention, improve prognosis, and reduce mortality.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Dispneia/virologia , Feminino , Febre/virologia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Neutrófilos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Chemosphere ; 275: 130011, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667774

RESUMO

Although global mercury (Hg) emission from chlor-alkali industry is decreasing, the legacy Hg may still have potential risks due to its environmental persistence. The objective of this work is to study the biogeochemical cycling and potential risk of Hg in the Ya-Er Lake, which was heavily contaminated by historical chlor-alkali production. Higher concentrations of total Hg (THg) in Ya-Er Lake water (16.8 ± 8.4 ng L-1) and sediment (547 ± 489 ng g-1) than other lake systems were observed, reflecting serious Hg pollution in this system. Diffusion rates of Hg at sediment-water interface and budget of Hg showed that release of legacy Hg in sediment (accounting for ∼80%) dominated THg in water, and about 80% methylmercury (MeHg) of total was diffused from sediment. Significant correlations between total organic carbon (TOC) derived from aquaculture and THg diffusion and MeHg concentrations in sediment suggest that TOC plays important roles in controlling legacy Hg release and MeHg production. The actual weekly intakes of Hg via consumption of cultured catfish and wild topmouth culter were higher than the established provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) of MeHg. These results indicated that although the nearby chlor-alkali plant has been shut down for three decades, the release of legacy Hg stored in the sediment still adversely affects this ecosystem. Moreover, aquaculture could enhance MeHg production and control MeHg distribution in the polluted aquatic ecosystem, potentially posing a health risk to surrounding inhabitants through consumption of fish.

9.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 123, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723219

RESUMO

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 has resulted in the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to millions of infections and hundreds of thousands of human deaths. The efficient replication and population spread of SARS-CoV-2 indicates an effective evasion of human innate immune responses, although the viral proteins responsible for this immune evasion are not clear. In this study, we identified SARS-CoV-2 structural proteins, accessory proteins, and the main viral protease as potent inhibitors of host innate immune responses of distinct pathways. In particular, the main viral protease was a potent inhibitor of both the RLR and cGAS-STING pathways. Viral accessory protein ORF3a had the unique ability to inhibit STING, but not the RLR response. On the other hand, structural protein N was a unique RLR inhibitor. ORF3a bound STING in a unique fashion and blocked the nuclear accumulation of p65 to inhibit nuclear factor-κB signaling. 3CL of SARS-CoV-2 inhibited K63-ubiquitin modification of STING to disrupt the assembly of the STING functional complex and downstream signaling. Diverse vertebrate STINGs, including those from humans, mice, and chickens, could be inhibited by ORF3a and 3CL of SARS-CoV-2. The existence of more effective innate immune suppressors in pathogenic coronaviruses may allow them to replicate more efficiently in vivo. Since evasion of host innate immune responses is essential for the survival of all viruses, our study provides insights into the design of therapeutic agents against SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Nucleotidiltransferases/imunologia , RNA Viral/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Proteínas Virais/imunologia , Células A549 , Animais , Galinhas , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ligases/imunologia , Camundongos
10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 103, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593315

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to examine the mediating role of sleep quality in the association of problematic internet use (PIU) and problematic gaming with psychological distress among college students in China. METHODS: Data of 1040 full-time students from multiple colleges in China were examined. Respondents were asked about their internet use and gaming behaviors, sleep quality, psychological distress, and sociodemographic characteristics. The mediating role of sleep quality in the PIU- and problematic gaming-psychological distress link was examined respectively. RESULTS: PIU was associated with decreased sleep quality (r = .32, p < .001) and increased psychological distress (r = .46, p < .001). Problematic gaming was also associated with decreased sleep quality (r = .22, p < .001) and increased psychological distress (r = .46, p < .001). Sleep quality accounted for 23.5% of the indirect effect of PIU on psychological distress, and 17.9% of the indirect effect of problematic gaming on psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep quality had a meaningful mediating effect on the PIU-psychological distress link, but only exerted a small mediating effect on the problematic gaming-psychological distress link. In addition to promoting healthy internet usage, strategies aimed at mitigating the negative effect of excessive internet use on psychological health might benefit from those aimed at improving sleep quality.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Angústia Psicológica , Jogos de Vídeo , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internet , Sono
11.
JMIR Ment Health ; 8(2): e22705, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 epidemic may elevate mental distress and depressive symptoms in various populations in China. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the levels of depression and mental distress due to COVID-19, and the associations between cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial factors, and depression and mental distress due to COVID-19 among university students in China. METHODS: A large-scale online cross-sectional study (16 cities in 13 provinces) was conducted among university students from February 1 to 10, 2020, in China; 23,863 valid questionnaires were returned. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used to assess depression. Structural equation modeling was performed to test mediation and suppression effects. RESULTS: Of the 23,863 participants, 47.1% (n=11,235) reported high or very high levels of one or more types of mental distress due to COVID-19; 39.1% (n=9326) showed mild to severe depression. Mental distress due to COVID-19 was positively associated with depression. All but one factor (perceived infection risks, perceived chance of controlling the epidemic, staying at home, contacted people from Wuhan, and perceived discrimination) were significantly associated with mental distress due to COVID-19 and depression. Mental distress due to COVID-19 partially mediated and suppressed the associations between some of the studied factors and depression (effect size of 6.0%-79.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Both mental distress due to COVID-19 and depression were prevalent among university students in China; the former may have increased the prevalence of the latter. The studied cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial factors related to COVID-19 may directly or indirectly (via mental distress due to COVID-19) affect depression. Interventions to modify such factors may reduce mental distress and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 epidemic.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629479

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with lung oligoprogression (OP). METHOD: Patients with lung OP from CRC treated by SBRT at our center were included in this retrospective analysis. The progression-free survival (PFS), change of systemic therapy (CST), local control (LC), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Cumulative incidence was used to report CST, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate PFS and LC. RESULTS: A total of 17 patients with 38 lung OP lesions treated by SBRT from October 2012 to December 2018 were involved. All patients had undergone radical resection for primary CRC and administered with standard systemic therapy regimens (seven for the first line and 10 for the second line). Among them, nine (52.9%) had received targeted therapy before SBRT, 14 (82.4%) patients underwent chemotherapy, and 12 received targeted therapy after SBRT. Six patients (35.3%) underwent CST after a median time of 5.2 months (range: 1.7-27.5 months). The median follow-up was 9.9 months, and the 1-year OS rate for all patients was 73.5%. Progression was observed in of 14 of 17 patients (82.4%), and the 6-month PFS for all patients was 25.9%. Univariate analysis indicated that only targeted therapy before SBRT was a beneficial prognostic indicator for 6-month PFS (P = .026) and N-PFS (P = .013). The 1-year LC for all 38 lesions was 77.8%, and during and after SBRT, no grade 3 or higher toxicities were observed. CONCLUSION: SBRT combined with systemic therapy made partial CRC patients with lung OP avoid the progress within 6 months and delayed the need for CST to 5.2 months, and targeted therapy before SBRT was a positive indicator of PFS.

14.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 141, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexual compulsivity (SC) and its relationship with unprotected intercourse (UI) have long been an intriguing topic, but its existential meaning in the management of public health or, more precisely, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has rarely been studied to date. This study examines whether SC plays a role in UI among sexually active STI patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two sexual transmitted disease (STD) clinicals of Shanghai Skin Diseases Hospital in Shanghai. Totally 664 sexually active STI patients were included. RESULTS: The ages of the 664 participants ranged from 18 to 76 years, with 58.73% between 26 and 40 years old. 449 (191 male and 258 female) reported had UI during the past 6 months. Although the only statistically significant difference (p < 0.01) was in relation to UI with a casual sexual partner, the difference between male/female and regular/casual sexual partners remained evident. CONCLUSIONS: SC is evidently a potential predictor of UI with a casual sexual partner in male STI patients, while the use of condoms is more likely to be affected by other factors. In addition to general sexual education, counseling interventions should be provided by health institutions, and specific intervention methods targeting gender and sexual partners should be considered.

15.
Gene ; 775: 145444, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484760

RESUMO

In a previous study, the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) gene, which is likely involved in the regulation of fat metabolism in sheep adipose tissue, was identified using RNA sequencing. CREB1 is a transcription factor that participates in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival as well as energy metabolism. Therefore, based on preliminary studies, this study aimed to reveal the correlation between the insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism of the CREB1 gene and sheep growth traits. One insertion variation of the ovine CREB1 gene, C3-ins-26 bp, was investigated in 1847 Chinese and Mongolian sheep breeds. The minor allele frequencies in the CREB1 gene varied from 0.021 to 0.938. Further, statistical analyses indicated that the C3-ins-26 bp indel in the CREB1 gene was significantly related to various body measurements (body length, height, and index; chest width, depth, and width index; cannon circumference index; and height at the hip cross) in a Tan sheep population (p < 0.05). Collectively, these findings may provide important insights into marker-assisted selection of sheep.


Assuntos
Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Mutação INDEL , Carneiro Doméstico/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Cruzamento , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Ovinos , Carneiro Doméstico/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/veterinária
16.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1867(1): 165989, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065235

RESUMO

We previously showed that increased epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) activity in endothelial cells induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) contributes to vasculature dysfunction. Here, we investigated whether ENaC participates in the pathological process of atherosclerosis using LDL receptor-deficient (LDLr-/-) mice. Male C57BL/6 and LDLr-/- mice were fed a normal diet (ND) or high fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks. Our data show that treatment of LDLr-/- mice with a specific ENaC blocker, benzamil, significantly decreased atherosclerotic lesion formation and expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) in aortic arteries. Furthermore, benzamil ameliorated HFD-induced impairment of aortic endothelium-dependent dilation by reducing expression of proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 and production of adhesion molecules including VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in both C57BL/6 and LDLr-/- mice fed with HFD. In addition, HFD significantly increased ENaC activity and the levels of serum lipids, including ox-LDL. Our in vitro data further demonstrated that exogenous ox-LDL significantly increased the production of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1. This ox-LDL-induced increase in inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules was reversed by γ-ENaC silencing or by treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) antagonist celecoxib. Benzamil inhibited HFD-induced increase in COX-2 expression in aortic tissue in both C57BL/6 and LDLr-/- mice, and γ-ENaC gene silencing attenuated ox-LDL-induced COX-2 expression in HUVECs. These data together suggest that HFD-induced activation of ENaC stimulates inflammatory signaling, thereby contributes to HFD-induced endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerotic lesion formation. Thus, targeting endothelial ENaC may be a promising strategy to halt atherogenesis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Canais Epiteliais de Sódio/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/deficiência , Animais , Aterosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Canais Epiteliais de Sódio/genética , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/genética , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 403: 123975, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33265016

RESUMO

The newly introduced Cd (CdN) has different environmental fates than legacy Cd (CdL) and how to distinguish them in soil under different amendments is crucial for understanding natural aging and engineered remediation of Cd pollution in soil. In this study, enriched stable isotope tracer (112Cd) was introduced to distinguish the fate of CdN and CdL in paddy soil under pH adjustment and quicklime, slaked lime, and biochar amendments. The behaviors of CdN and CdL were studied during 56 days of flooding incubation through overlying water analysis, sequential extraction fractionation and lability (exchangeable pool probed by 110Cd isotopic spike) assessment. The results showed that soil pH is the main driving factor controlling the partition of both CdN and CdL in overlying water. During the incubation, CdN transformed quickly from soluble fraction to residual fraction under all treatments. In addition, at the end of the incubation, CdN concentrations in residual fraction were much higher than that of CdL, suggesting a more thorough aging of CdN than CdL. The labile CdN (ECdN) under pH adjustment and biochar amendment decreased during incubation and ECdN% was essentially the same with that of ECdL% after 28 days, indicating the aging equilibrium of exchangeable pool of CdN.

18.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127791, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799141

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) that leaches from municipal sewage sludge (MSS) landfill under natural rain is of increasing concern. The column leaching experiments were conducted to investigate the leaching characteristics of total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) as well as pH, total organic carbon (TOC), and total suspended solids (TSS) in the raw sludge (RS) and lime-conditioned sludge (LCS) under simulated rain with different acidities (pH 6.5 and 2.9). Results showed the release of MeHg in the leachates presented different patterns from THg. And the final amounts of MeHg in the MSS columns were 1.49 (RS at pH = 6.5), 1.88 (RS at 2.9), 1.97 (LCS at pH = 6.5), and 2.06 times (LCS at pH = 2.9) higher than the initial amounts, suggesting methylation of inorganic Hg (IHg) occurred in the leaching process. The leaching efficiencies of THg and MeHg in RS was lower than that in LCS, indicating lime was more favorable for the release of THg and MeHg. And lower values of pH of the simulated rain promoted the release of THg and MeHg from RS while the opposite was true for LCS. This study provides a better understanding of the release and biogeochemical transformations of Hg in MSS.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Mercúrio/análise , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/análise , Chuva/química , Esgotos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Compostos de Cálcio/química , China , Modelos Teóricos , Óxidos/química
19.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(21): 5389-5393, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conjoined twins are a rare occurrence, and the majority of these malformations are detected during second trimester screening. CASE SUMMARY: Herein we report a case of conjoined twins, which was diagnosed by ultrasound at 8 wk gestation and was normal at 7 wk gestation. The two fetuses shared one heart and were diagnosed as thoracopagus twins. This is the first report of conjoined twins diagnosed at 8 wk gestation. The pregnancy was terminated electively at 9 wk gestation. Because some congenital malformations can be diagnosed earlier, a prenatal ultrasound examination at an early gestational stage cannot be dismissed. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that a 7-8 wk gestation might be the earliest period when conjoined twins can be diagnosed by ultrasound.

20.
AIDS Care ; : 1-9, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258694

RESUMO

Sexualized drug use (SDU) is associated with a higher risk of HIV transmission. There is a dearth of study investigating the association between sex work characteristics and SDU in sex work among transgender women sex workers. To address these gaps, we conducted a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study among 220 transgender women sex workers in Shenyang, China. The prevalence of SDU in sex work was 20.9% in the past month. After adjustment for age, HIV status, education, monthly income and duration of stay in Shenyang, performing sex work mainly in hotel rooms, charging higher per episode of commercial sex, depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms were associated with higher likelihood of SDU in sex work. Future SDU prevention programmes SDU targeting transgender women sex workers should focus on those who charged higher and performed sex work in hotel rooms, and integrate mental health promotion as an essential component.

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