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1.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0223228, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557269

RESUMO

Chloroplast plays an important role in the plant life cycle. However, the details of its development remain elusive in rice. In this study, we report the fine-mapping of a novel rice gene wpb1 (white panicle branch 1), which affects chloroplast biogenesis, from a tropical japonica variety that results in an albino panicle branches at and after the heading stage. The wpb1 variety was crossed with Nipponbare to generate the F2 and BC1F2 populations. Green and white panicle branch phenotypes with a 3:1 segregation ratio was observed in the F2 population. Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) based on whole genome resequencing was conducted to determine the wpb1 locus. A candidate interval spanning from 11.35 to 23.79M (physical position) on chromosome 1 was identified. The results of BSA analysis were verified by a 40K rice SNP-array using the BC1F2 population. A large-scale F2 population was used to pinpoint wpb1, and the locus was further narrowed down to a 95-kb interval. Furthermore, our results showed that the expression levels of the majority of the genes involved in Chl biosynthesis, photosynthesis and chloroplast development were remarkably affected in wpb1 variety and in F2 plants with a white panicle branch phenotype. In line with the results mentioned above, anatomical structural examination and chlorophyll (Chl) content measurement suggested that wpb1 might play an important role in the regulation of chloroplast development. Further cloning and functional characterization of the wpb1 gene will shed light on the molecular mechanism underlying chloroplast development in rice.

2.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 200, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple food crop worldwide. Its yield and quality are affected by its tillering pattern and spikelet development. Although many genes involved in the vegetative and reproductive development of rice have been characterized in previous studies, the genetic mechanisms that control axillary tillering, spikelet development, and panicle exsertion remain incompletely understood. RESULTS: Here, we characterized a novel rice recombinant inbred line (RIL), panicle exsertion defect and aberrant spikelet (pds). It was derived from a cross between two indica varieties, S142 and 430. Intriguingly, no abnormal phenotypes were observed in the parents of pds. This RIL exhibited sheathed panicles at heading stage. Still, a small number of tillers in pds plants were fully exserted from the flag leaves. Elongated sterile lemmas and rudimentary glumes (occurred occasionally) were observed in the spikelets of the exserted panicles and were transformed into palea/lemma-like structures. Furthermore, more interestingly, tillers occasionally grew from the axils of the elongated rudimentary glumes. Via genetic linkage analysis, we found that the abnormal phenotype of pds manifesting as genetic incompatibility or hybrid weakness was caused by genetic interaction between a recessive locus, pds1, which was derived from S142 and mapped to chromosome 8, and a locus pds2, which not yet mapped from 430. We fine-mapped pds1 to an approximately 55-kb interval delimited by the markers pds-4 and 8 M3.51. Six RGAP-annotated ORFs were included in this genomic region. qPCR analysis revealed that Loc_Os080595 might be the target of pds1 locus, and G1 gene might be involved in the genetic mechanism underlying the pds phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, histological and genetic analyses revealed that the pyramided pds loci resulted in genetic incompatibility or hybrid weakness in rice might be caused by a genetic interaction between pds loci derived from different rice varieties. Further isolation of pds1 and its interactor pds2, would provide new insight into the molecular regulation of grass inflorescence development and exsertion, and the evolution history of the extant rice.


Assuntos
Oryza/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/ultraestrutura , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Loci Gênicos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oryza/ultraestrutura , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
3.
Genomics ; 111(6): 1447-1455, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30336276

RESUMO

f5 locus in rice (Oryza sativa L.) confers significant effects on hybrid male sterility and segregation distortion. BC14F2 plants with f5-i/i, f5-j/j and f5-i/j genotypes were used to dissect the underlying pathway of f5-caused hybrid male sterility via comparative transcriptome analysis. A total of 350, 421, and 480 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified from f5-i/j vs f5-j/j, f5-j/j vs f5-i/i, and f5-i/j vs f5-i/i, respectively. 145 DEGs were identified simultaneously in f5-i/j vs f5-j/j and f5-i/j vs f5-i/i. Enrichment analysis indicated that stress and cell control related processes were enriched. The expression of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and most of the heat shock proteins (HSPs) were decreased, which might result in higher sensitivity to various stresses in pollen cells. A model was proposed to summarize the underlying process for f5-caused hybrid male sterility. These results would provide significant clues to further dissecting the molecular mechanism of f5-caused inter-subspecific reproductive isolation.

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