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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(3): 911-920, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455075

RESUMO

Multiple clinical trials have shown that monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) can benefit patients with lung cancer by increasing their progression-free survival and overall survival. However, a significant proportion of patients do not respond to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 mAbs. In the present study, we investigated whether galectin (Gal)-3 inhibitors can enhance the antitumor effect of PD-L1 blockade. Using the NSCLC-derived cell line A549, we examined the expression of Gal-3 in lung cancer cells under hypoxic conditions and investigated the regulatory effect of Gal-3 on PD-L1 expression, which is mediated by the STAT3 pathway. We also explored whether Gal-3 inhibition can facilitate the cytotoxic effect of T cells induced by PD-L1 blockade. The effects of combined use of a Gal-3 inhibitor and PD-L1 blockade on tumor growth and T-cell function were also investigated, and we found that hypoxia increased the expression and secretion of Gal-3 by lung cancer cells. Gal-3 increased PD-L1 expression via the upregulation of STAT3 phosphorylation, and administration of a Gal-3 inhibitor enhanced the effect of PD-L1 blockade on the cytotoxic activity of T cells against cancer cells in vitro. In a mouse xenograft model, the combination of a Gal-3 inhibitor and PD-L1 blockade synergistically suppressed tumor growth. Furthermore, the administration of a Gal-3 inhibitor enhanced T-cell infiltration and granzyme B release in tumors. Collectively, our results show that Gal-3 increases PD-L1 expression in lung cancer cells and that the administration of a Gal-3 inhibitor as an adjuvant enhanced the antitumor activity of PD-L1 blockade.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 7586521, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32904490

RESUMO

cir-ITCH, a well-known tumor-suppressive circular RNA, plays a critical role in different cancers. However, its expression and functional role in prostate cancer (PCa) are unclear. Herein, we explored the potential mechanism and tumor-inhibiting role of cir-ITCH in PCa. Using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay, we analyzed the expression of cir-ITCH in PCa and paired adjacent nontumor tissue samples resected during surgical operation, as well as in two cell lines of human PCa (LNCaP and PC-3) and the immortalized normal prostate epithelial cell line (RWPE-1). Cell viability and migration of PCa cell lines were evaluated using CCK-8 and wound-healing assays. Expression of key proteins of the Wnt/ß-catenin and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways was detected using western blotting. We found that cir-ITCH expression was typically downregulated in the tissues and cell lines of PCa compared to that in the peritumoral tissue and in RWPE-1 cells, respectively. The results showed that cir-ITCH overexpression significantly inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of human PCa cells and that reciprocal inhibition of expression occurred between cir-ITCH and miR-17. Proteins in the Wnt/ß-catenin and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways were downregulated by overexpression of cir-ITCH both in androgen receptor-positive LNCaP cells and androgen receptor-negative PC-3 cells. Taken together, these data demonstrated that cir-ITCH plays a tumor-suppressive role in human PCa cells, partly through the Wnt/ß-catenin and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways. Thus, cir-ITCH may serve as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of PCa, especially castration-resistant prostate cancer.

3.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 3703-3716, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440140

RESUMO

Purpose: Based on the continuous exploration of solid tumor immunotherapy, we focused on hepatocellular carcinoma with a high level of morbidity and mortality. We confirm the stability of mcDNA-based CAR T cell generating platform, and investigate the antitumor activity of CD44-CAR T cells against hepatocellular carcinoma both in vitro and in vivo. Materials and Methods: We fused anti-CD44 scFv structure with transmembrane domain and intracellular domain. Using a non-viral mcDNA vector to load CD44-CAR gene, then transfected the mcDNA-CD44-CAR into human T cells by electroporation. We exhibited the transfection efficacy of CAR T cells and the CD44 expression of tumor cell lines by flow cytometry. The antitumor efficacy of CD44-CAR T cells in vitro and in vivo was detected through CCK-8 and ELISA assays, and xenograft mouse models, respectively. Results: We obtained mcDNA-CD44-CAR with a high level of density after repeated extraction and purification. The expression efficacy of CD44-CAR in T cells was more than 50% after seven days electroporation and the phenotype of CD44-CAR T cells was no difference compared with normal T cells. For CD44-positive hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft mice, CD44-CAR T cells had stronger tumor growth suppression compared to normal T and mock T cells. The same results occurred on the in vitro experiments including cytokine secretion and cytotoxicity assays. H&E staining graphs revealed that CD44-CAR T cells did not induce side effects in xenograft mice. Conclusion: The strategy for generating CAR T cells targeting cancer stem cell antigens was efficient and concise. The mcDNA had superior transgene ability without virus-related adverse effects. CD44-CAR T cells had strong suppression capacity against hepatocellular carcinoma.

4.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 19(1): 178-186, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582530

RESUMO

Viral-based chimeric antigen receptor-engineered T (CAR T)-cell manufacturing has potential safety risks and relatively high costs. The nonviral minicircle DNA (mcDNA) is safer for patients, cheaper to produce, and may be a more suitable technique to generate CAR T cells. In this study, we produced mcDNA-based CAR T cells specifically targeting prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA; mcDNA-PSCA-CAR T cells). Our results showed that mcDNA-PSCA-CAR T cells persisted in mouse peripheral blood as long as 28 days and demonstrated more CAR T-cell infiltration, higher cytokine secretion levels, and better antitumor effects. Together, our results suggest that mcDNA-CAR can be a safe and cost-effective platform to produce CAR T cells.

5.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(5): 945-958, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218103

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, as it is often diagnosed at an advanced stage. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has demonstrated remarkable success and emerged as one of the most promising therapeutic strategies in multiple malignancies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor activity of NKG2D CAR-T cells against human colorectal cancer cells. A non-viral third-generation NKG2D CAR was constructed, and subsequently transduced into T cells to obtain the NKG2D CAR-T cells. In vitro, NKG2D CAR-T cells showed cytotoxicity against human colorectal cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner compared with untransduced T cells. In addition, IL-2 and IFN-γ secreted by these cells were significantly higher than those by untransduced T cells. In vivo, NKG2D CAR-T cells significantly suppressed tumor growth, reduced tumor sizes and extended overall survival of mice in a xenograft model of HCT-116 cells. Furthermore, human NKG2D-positive lymphocytes infiltration could be found in the tumor sections of NKG2D CAR-T cells-treated mice. There were no severe pathological changes found in vital organs in any of the treatment groups. NKG2D CAR-T cells showed excellent killing effect and represented a promising immunotherapeutic strategy against human colorectal cancer.

6.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 410(10): 2647-2655, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29455281

RESUMO

In this work, a multilayer-modified paper-based colorimetric sensing platform with improved color uniformity and intensity was developed for the sensitive and selective determination of uric acid and glucose with smartphone as signal readout. In detail, chitosan, different kinds of chromogenic reagents, and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) combined with a specific oxidase, e.g., uricase or glucose oxidase (GOD), were immoblized onto the paper substrate to form a multilayer-modified test paper. Hydrogen peroxide produced by the oxidases (uricase or GOD) reacts with the substrates (uric acid or glucose), and could oxidize the co-immoblized chromogenic reagents to form colored products with HRP as catalyst. A simple strategy by placing the test paper on top of a light-emitting diode lamp was adopted to efficiently prevent influence from the external light. The color images were recorded by the smartphone camera, and then the gray values of the color images were calculated for quantitative analysis. The developed method provided a wide linear response from 0.01 to 1.0 mM for uric acid detection and from 0.02 to 4.0 mM for glucose detection, with a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 0.003 and 0.014 mM, respectively, which was much lower than for previously reported paper-based colorimetric assays. The proposed assays were successfully applied to uric acid and glucose detection in real serum samples. Furthermore, the enhanced analytical performance of the proposed method allowed the non-invasive detection of glucose levels in tear samples, which holds great potential for point-of-care analysis. Graphical abstract ᅟ.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Glicemia/análise , Colorimetria/instrumentação , Papel , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Colorimetria/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Glucose Oxidase/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Smartphone , Lágrimas/química , Urato Oxidase/química , Ácido Úrico/análise
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