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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 113(3): 419-428, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621783

RESUMO

The finding of pulmonary hypertension (PH) by echocardiography is common and of concern. However, echocardiography is just a suggestive and non-diagnostic assessment of PH. When direct involvement of pulmonary circulation is suspected, invasive hemodynamic monitoring is recommended to establish the diagnosis. This assessent provides, in addition to the diagnostic confirmation, the correct identification of the vascular territory predominantly involved (arterial pulmonary or postcapillary). Treatment with specific medication for PH (phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, endothelin receptor antagonists and prostacyclin analogues) has been proven effective in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, but its use in patients with PH due to left heart disease can even be damaging. In this review, we discuss the diagnosis criteria, how etiological investigation should be carried out, the clinical classification and, finally, the therapeutic recommendations for PH.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 419-428, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1038559

RESUMO

Abstract The finding of pulmonary hypertension (PH) by echocardiography is common and of concern. However, echocardiography is just a suggestive and non-diagnostic assessment of PH. When direct involvement of pulmonary circulation is suspected, invasive hemodynamic monitoring is recommended to establish the diagnosis. This assessent provides, in addition to the diagnostic confirmation, the correct identification of the vascular territory predominantly involved (arterial pulmonary or postcapillary). Treatment with specific medication for PH (phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, endothelin receptor antagonists and prostacyclin analogues) has been proven effective in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, but its use in patients with PH due to left heart disease can even be damaging. In this review, we discuss the diagnosis criteria, how etiological investigation should be carried out, the clinical classification and, finally, the therapeutic recommendations for PH.


Resumo O achado de hipertensão pulmonar (HP) em avaliação ecocardiográfica é frequente e preocupante. No entanto, o ecocardiograma é apenas um exame sugestivo e não diagnóstico de HP. Quando se suspeita de acometimento direto da circulação pulmonar, está indicada medida hemodinâmica invasiva para estabelecer o diagnóstico. Essa avaliação permite, além da confirmação diagnóstica, a correta identificação do território vascular predominantemente acometido (arterial pulmonar ou pós-capilar). O tratamento com as medicações específicas de HP (inibidores da fosfodiestarese 5, antagonistas do receptor de endotelina, análogos da prostaciclina e estimulador da guanilil ciclase solúvel) é comprovadamente eficaz para pacientes com hipertensão arterial pulmonar, mas seu uso em pacientes com HP decorrente de doença cardíaca de câmaras esquerdas pode até mesmo ser prejudicial. Discutiremos nesta revisão o critério diagnóstico, a maneira de proceder a investigação etiológica, a classificação clínica e, finalmente, as recomendações terapêuticas na HP.

3.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 13: 1753466619878556, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558116

RESUMO

Most physicians understand venous thromboembolism (VTE) to be an acute and time-limited disease. However, pathophysiological and epidemiological data suggest that in most patients VTE recurrence risk is not resolved after the first 6 months of anticoagulation. Recurrence rates are high and potentially life-threatening. In these cases, it would make sense to prolong anticoagulation for an undetermined length of time. However, what about the bleeding rates, induced by prolonged anticoagulation? Would they not outweigh the benefit of reducing the VTE recurrent risk? How long should anticoagulation be continued, and should all patients suffering from VTE be provided with extended anticoagulation? This review will address the most recent data concerning extended anticoagulation in VTE secondary prophylaxis. The reviews of this paper are available via the supplementary material section.

4.
Eur Respir Rev ; 28(151)2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918022

RESUMO

Cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) is a condition in which relevance has been increasingly recognised both for physicians that deal with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and for oncologists. It is currently estimated that the annual incidence of VTE in patients with cancer is 0.5% compared to 0.1% in the general population. Active cancer accounts for 20% of the overall incidence of VTE. Of note, VTE is the second most prevalent cause of death in cancer, second only to the progression of the disease, and cancer is the most prevalent cause of deaths in VTE patients. Nevertheless, CAT presents several peculiarities that distinguish it from other VTE, both in pathophysiology mechanisms, risk factors and especially in treatment, which need to be considered. CAT data will be reviewed in this review.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/complicações , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Prevalência , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Am Heart J ; 203: 67-73, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30041065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to directly compare preoperative high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) I and T concentration for the prediction of major cardiac complications after non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We measured hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT preoperatively in a blinded fashion in 1022 patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. The primary endpoint was a composite of major cardiac complications including cardiac death, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, clinically relevant arrhythmias, and acute heart failure within 30 days. We hypothesized that the type of surgery may impact on the predictive accuracy of hs-cTnI/T and stratified all analyses according to the type of surgery. RESULTS: Major cardiac complications occurred in 108 (11%) patients, 58/243 (24%) patients undergoing vascular surgery and 50/779 (6%, P < .001) patients undergoing non-vascular surgery. Using regulatory-approved 99th percentile cut-off concentrations, preoperative hs-cTnI elevations were less than one-fifth as common as preoperative hs-cTnT elevations (P < .001). Among patients undergoing vascular surgery, preoperative hs-cTnI concentrations, but not hs-cTnT, was an independent predictor of cardiac complications (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.5, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0-2.1). The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUC) was 0.67 (95% CI, 0.59-0.75) for hs-cTnI versus 0.59 (95% CI 0.51-0.67, P = .012) for hs-cTnT. In contrast, among patients undergoing non-vascular surgery both preoperative hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT were independent predictors of the primary endpoint (aOR 1.6, 95% CI 1.3-2.0, and aOR 3.0, 95% CI 2.0-4.6, respectively) and showed higher predictive accuracy (AUC 0.77, 95% CI, 0.71-0.83, and 0.79, 95% CI 0.73-0.85, P = ns). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT concentrations predict major cardiac complications after non-vascular surgery, while, in patients undergoing vascular surgery, hs-cTnI may have better accuracy.

6.
Obes Surg ; 28(10): 3012-3019, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29704228

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of the sleeve gastrectomy with transit bipartition (SG + TB) procedure with standard medical therapy (SMT) in mildly obese patients with type II diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Twenty male adults, ≤ 65 years old, with T2D, body mass index (BMI) > 28 kg/m2 and < 35 kg/m2, and HbA1c level > 8% were randomized to SG + TB or to SMT. Outcomes were the remission in the metabolic and cardiovascular risk variables up to 24 months. RESULTS: At 24 months, SG + TB group showed a significant decrease in HbaA1c values (9.3 ± 2.1 versus 5.5 ± 1.1%, P = < 0.05) whereas SMT group maintained similar levels from baseline (8.0 ± 1.5 versus 8.3 ± 1.1%, P = NS). BMI values were lower in the SG + TB group (25.3 ± 2.8 kg/m2 versus 30.9 ± 2.5 kg/m2; P = < 0.001). At 24 months, none patient in SG + TB group needed medications for hyperlipidemia/hypertension. HDL-cholesterol levels increased in the SG + TB group (33 ± 8 to 45 ± 15 mg/dL, P < 0.001). After 24 months, the area under the curve (AUC) of GLP1 increased and in the SG + TB group and the AUC of the GIP concentrations was lower in the SG + TB group than in the SMT. At 3 months, SG + TB group showed a marked increase in FGF19 levels (74.1 ± 45.8 to 237.3 ± 234 pg/mL; P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SG + TB is superior to SMT and was associated with a better metabolic and cardiovascular profile.

7.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 18(1): 15, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common complication after cardiac surgery in older adult patients. However, risk factors and the influence of delirium on patient outcomes are not well established. We aimed to determine the incidence, predisposing and triggering factors of delirium following cardiac surgery. METHODS: One hundred seventy-three consecutive patients aged ≥60 years were studied. Patients' characteristics and two cognitive function assessment tests were recorded preoperatively. Perioperative variables were blood transfusion, orotracheal intubation time (OIT), renal dysfunction, and hypoxemia. Delirium was assessed using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit. The composite outcome consisted of death, infection, and perioperative myocardial infarction until hospital discharge or 30 days after surgery, and for up to 18 months. RESULTS: One hundred six patients (61.27%) were men and the age was 69.5 ± 5.8 years. EuroSCORE II index was 4.06 ± 3.86. Hypertension was present in 75.14%, diabetes in 39.88%, and 30.06% were illiterate. Delirium occurred in 59 patients (34.1%). Education level (OR 0.81, 0.71-0.92), hypertension (OR 2.73, 1.16-6.40), and mitral valve disease (OR 2.93, 1.32-6.50) were independent predisposing factors for delirium, and atrial fibrillation after surgery (OR 2.49, 1.20-5.20) represented the potential triggering factor. Delirium (OR 2.35, 1.20-4.58) and OIT ≥ 900 min (OR 2.50; 1.30-4.80) were independently associated with the composite outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In older adult patients submitted to cardiac surgery, delirium is a frequent complication that is associated with worst outcome. Independent risk factors for delirium included education level, hypertension, mitral valve disease, and atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Delírio/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(3 Supl 1): 1-104, 2017 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044300
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(3,supl.1): 1-104, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887936
10.
J Vasc Surg ; 66(6): 1826-1835.e1, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28807383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Predicting cardiac events is essential to provide patients with the best medical care and to assess the risk-benefit ratio of surgical procedures. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance of the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (Lee) and the Vascular Study Group of New England Cardiac Risk Index (VSG) scores for the prediction of major cardiac events in unselected patients undergoing arterial surgery and to determine whether the inclusion of additional risk factors improved their accuracy. METHODS: The study prospectively enrolled 954 consecutive patients undergoing arterial vascular surgery, and the Lee and VSG scores were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curves for each cardiac risk score were constructed and the areas under the curve (AUCs) compared. Two logistic regression models were done to determine new variables related to the occurrence of major cardiac events (myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias, and cardiac arrest). RESULTS: Cardiac events occurred in 120 (12.6%) patients. Both scores underestimated the rate of cardiac events across all risk strata. The VSG score had AUC of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.58-0.68), which was higher than the AUC of the Lee score (0.58; 95% CI, 0.52-0.63; P = .03). Addition of preoperative anemia significantly improved the accuracy of the Lee score to an AUC of 0.61 (95% CI, 0.58-0.67; P = .002) but not that of the VSG score. CONCLUSIONS: The Lee and VSG scores have low accuracy and underestimate the risk of major perioperative cardiac events in unselected patients undergoing vascular surgery. The Lee score's accuracy can be increased by adding preoperative anemia. Underestimation of major cardiac complications may lead to incorrect risk-benefit assessments regarding the planned operation.


Assuntos
Artérias/cirurgia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Suíça , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(2 Supl 1): 1-76, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28813069
12.
Faludi, André Arpad; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Chacra, Ana Paula Marte; Bianco, Henrique Tria; Afiune Neto, Abrahão; Bertolami, Adriana; Pereira, Alexandre C.; Lottenberg, Ana Maria; Sposito, Andrei C.; Chagas, Antonio Carlos Palandri; Casella Filho, Antonio; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Caramelli, Bruno; Magalhães, Carlos Costa; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Ferreira, Carlos Eduardo dos Santos; Scherr, Carlos; Feio, Claudine Maria Alves; Kovacs, Cristiane; Araújo, Daniel Branco de; Magnoni, Daniel; Calderaro, Daniela; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Mello Junior, Edgard Pessoa de; Alexandre, Elizabeth Regina Giunco; Sato, Emília Inoue; Moriguchi, Emilio Hideyuki; Rached, Fabiana Hanna; Santos, Fábio César dos; Cesena, Fernando Henpin Yue; Fonseca, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein; Fonseca, Henrique Andrade Rodrigues da; Xavier, Hermes Toros; Mota, Isabela Cardoso Pimentel; Giuliano, Isabela de Carlos Back; Issa, Jaqueline Scholz; Diament, Jayme; Pesquero, João Bosco; Santos, José Ernesto dos; Faria Neto, José Rocha; Melo Filho, José Xavier de; Kato, Juliana Tieko; Torres, Kerginaldo Paulo; Bertolami, Marcelo Chiara; Assad, Marcelo Heitor Vieira; Miname, Márcio Hiroshi; Scartezini, Marileia; Forti, Neusa Assumpta; Coelho, Otávio Rizzi; Maranhão, Raul Cavalcante; Santos Filho, Raul Dias dos; Alves, Renato Jorge; Cassani, Roberta Lara; Betti, Roberto Tadeu Barcellos; Carvalho, Tales de; Martinez, Tânia Leme da Rocha; Giraldez, Viviane Zorzanelli Rocha; Salgado Filho, Wilson.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(2,supl.1): 1-76, ago. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887919
14.
Int J Infect Dis ; 31: 56-8, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25461651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS) are Gram-positive cocci characterized by their dependence on pyridoxal or cysteine supplementation for growth in standard blood culture media. They are responsible for severe infections in immunocompetent and immunosuppressed hosts, including infective endocarditis (IE). NVS have been divided into two different genera, Granulicatella and Abiotrophia. METHODS: We report four cases of IE caused by Granulicatella species, including clinical presentation, echocardiographic characteristics, treatments received, and outcomes. We also performed a literature search for previously reported cases of IE caused by Granulicatella species to better characterize this condition. RESULTS: A total of 29 cases of Granulicatella endocarditis were analyzed, including the four newly reported cases. The aortic (44%) and mitral (38%) valves were those most commonly affected. Multivalvular involvement was observed in 13% of cases. The mean vegetation length was 16mm. Complications were frequent, including heart failure (30%), embolism (30%), and perivalvular abscess (11%). The most frequent antibiotic regimen (85%) was penicillin or one of its derivatives plus gentamicin. The mortality rate was 17%. CONCLUSIONS: Endocarditis due to Granulicatella species is a rare and severe condition. Complications are frequent despite the use of appropriate antibiotic regimens.


Assuntos
Carnobacteriaceae , Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Endocardite Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Endocardite Bacteriana/microbiologia , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 69(10): 666-71, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25518017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiology referral is common for patients admitted for non-cardiac diseases. Recommendations from cardiologists may involve complex and aggressive treatments that could be ignored or denied by other physicians. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who were given recommendations during cardiology referrals and to examine the clinical outcomes of patients who did not follow the recommendations. METHODS: We enrolled 589 consecutive patients who received in-hospital cardiology consultations. Data on recommendations, implementation of suggestions and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Regarding adherence of the referring service to the recommendations, 77% of patients were classified in the adherence group and 23% were classified in the non-adherence group. Membership in the non-adherence group (p<0.001; odds ratio: 10.25; 95% CI: 4.45-23.62) and advanced age (p = 0.017; OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01-1.07) were associated with unfavorable outcomes. Multivariate analysis identified four independent predictors of adherence to recommendations: follow-up notes in the medical chart (p<0.001; OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.48-4.01); verbal reinforcement (p = 0.001; OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23-2.81); a small number of recommendation (p = 0.001; OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.80-0.94); and a younger patient age (p = 0.002; OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Poor adherence to cardiology referral recommendations was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Follow-up notes in the medical chart, verbal reinforcement, a limited number of recommendations and a patient age were associated with greater adherence to recommendations.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clinics ; 69(10): 666-671, 10/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-730466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiology referral is common for patients admitted for non-cardiac diseases. Recommendations from cardiologists may involve complex and aggressive treatments that could be ignored or denied by other physicians. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who were given recommendations during cardiology referrals and to examine the clinical outcomes of patients who did not follow the recommendations. METHODS: We enrolled 589 consecutive patients who received in-hospital cardiology consultations. Data on recommendations, implementation of suggestions and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Regarding adherence of the referring service to the recommendations, 77% of patients were classified in the adherence group and 23% were classified in the non-adherence group. Membership in the non-adherence group (p<0.001; odds ratio: 10.25; 95% CI: 4.45-23.62) and advanced age (p = 0.017; OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01-1.07) were associated with unfavorable outcomes. Multivariate analysis identified four independent predictors of adherence to recommendations: follow-up notes in the medical chart (p<0.001; OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.48-4.01); verbal reinforcement (p = 0.001; OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23-2.81); a small number of recommendation (p = 0.001; OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.80-0.94); and a younger patient age (p = 0.002; OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Poor adherence to cardiology referral recommendations was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Follow-up notes in the medical chart, verbal reinforcement, a limited number of recommendations and a patient age were associated with greater adherence to recommendations. .


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiologia/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Intern Emerg Med ; 9(2): 133-42, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24057347

RESUMO

Stroke is one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide and, for a long time, was the leading cause of death in developed countries. Atherothrombotic carotid stenosis is one of the most important etiologies behind this event. If properly recognized and treated, lives can be saved, as well as long-term disabilities prevented. With population aging and improvements in surgical and clinical care, patients with several comorbidities will be referred for revascularization procedures more frequently, posing a challenge for physicians. The purpose of this review is to provide internists and clinicians with information based on several studies so they can offer to their patients, the best evidence-based care, indicating appropriate medical therapy, as well as referral to a vascular surgeon, or what contraindicates endarterectomy or angioplasty, depending on individual characteristics.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Humanos , Medicina Interna , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 102(5 Suppl 1): 1-41, 2014 05.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27223869
20.
J Vasc Surg ; 58(6): 1593-9, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24280324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Vascular surgeries are related to high cardiac morbidity and mortality, and the maintenance of aspirin in the perioperative period has a protective effect. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between preoperative platelet aggregability and perioperative cardiovascular (CV) events. METHODS: A preoperative platelet aggregation test was performed on an impedance aggregometer in response to collagen and to arachidonic acid (AA) for 191 vascular surgery patients under chronic use of aspirin. We analyzed the following CV events: acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, isolated troponin elevation, acute ischemic stroke, reoperation, and cardiac death. Hemorrhagic events were also evaluated and classified according to the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction criteria. RESULTS: The incidence of CV events was 22% (n = 42). Higher platelet response to AA was associated with CV events, so that patients in the fourth quartile (higher than 11Ω) had almost twice the incidence of CV events when compared with the three lower quartiles: 35% vs 19%; P = .025. The independent predictors of CV events were hemodynamic instability during anesthesia (odds ratio [OR], 4.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.87-9.06; P < .001), dyslipidemia (OR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.32-11.51; P = .014), preoperative anemia (OR, 2.64; 95% CI, 1.19-5.85; P = .017), and AA platelet aggregability in the upper quartile (OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.07-5.76; P = .034). Platelet aggregability was not associated with hemorrhagic events, even when we compared the lowest quartile of AA platelet aggregability (0-1.00 Ω) with the three upper quartiles (>1.00 Ω; OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.43-1.37; P = .377). CONCLUSIONS: The degree of aspirin effect on platelet aggregability maybe important in the management of perioperative CV morbidity, without increment in the bleeding toll.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
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