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1.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 44(1): 152-158, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monocyte activation and inflammation are prominent features of alcohol-related liver disease; however, they have not been thoroughly assessed in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) without overt liver disease. This study aimed to analyze associations among clinical and laboratory variables and markers of monocyte activation (CD163 and sCD14), and inflammation (interleukin [IL]-6) among AUD patients. METHODS: We analyzed the aforementioned associations in the highest quartile in 289 patients (77.5% male; median age, 50 years) consecutively admitted for alcohol detoxification in 2 tertiary hospitals in the Barcelona metropolitan area, Spain. RESULTS: Median alcohol intake was 142 g/d; median glucose, albumin, creatinine, and bilirubin levels (mg/dl), 92, 40, 0.78, and 0.69, respectively; median AST, 41 U/l; median hemoglobin, median corpuscular volume, and platelet count, 14.1 g/dl, 94.8 fL, and 189 × 109 /l, respectively; median cholesterol, triglyceride, fibrinogen, and ferritin levels, 187 mg/dl, 109.3 mg/dl, 341 mg/dl, and 177 ng/ml, respectively. In addition, 36.7% patients had an erythrocyte sedimentation rate >20 mm, 32.5% had a C-reactive protein (CRP) level of >5 mg/l, and 10.9% were hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive. Median CD163, sCD14, and IL-6 levels were 759, 1.68 × 106 , and 4.37 pg/ml, respectively. On logistic regression analyses, glucose, AST, bilirubin, hemoglobin levels, and HCV infection (adjusted odds ratio [aORs]: 1.01, 1.02, 3.04, and 9.73, respectively) were associated with CD163. Glucose, AST, triglyceride, and CRP >5 mg/l (aORs: 1.02, 1.01, 1.00, and 3.49, respectively) were associated with sCD14. Alcohol consumption upon admission, MCV, total cholesterol levels, and CRP >5 mg/l (aORs: 0.99, 1.05, 0.99, and 2.56, respectively) were associated with IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: Monocyte activation and systemic inflammation are associated with higher glucose, liver enzyme, and lipid levels, HCV infections, and CRP of >5 mg/l, thus potentially identifying patients with AUD at high risk of midterm poor outcomes.

2.
Histol Histopathol ; 34(8): 857-873, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779051

RESUMO

The diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes is based on the presence of cytopenias, dysplastic morphological features on peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM), cytogenetic abnormalities and requires to rule out other diseases resembling these conditions. Optical cytomorphology is the cornerstone of diagnosis of MDS. The recognition of cytological myelodysplasia has a crucial value in diagnosis and prognosis of MDS. Assessment of cytological morphology requires, like other diagnostic techniques (flow cytometry, cytogenetics, histological morphology), experienced observers and the availability of high quality and properly stained samples. The morphological analysis has shown moderate reproducibility among hematopathologists. The better characterization and standardization of morphological features has improved the reliability and reproducibility of MDS diagnosis. Maintaining the competence in morphology assessment requires experience and continuous training. For the correct assessment of cytologic myelodysplasia it is essential to keep in mind the morphology of normal myelopoiesis. To the extent of our knowledge there are no studies describing together morphological data on normal and dysplastic myelopoiesis in the framework of MDS. Therefore, by combining these data, this manuscript could serve as a useful tool for quotidian process of diagnosis.


Assuntos
Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/fisiopatologia , Mielopoese , Células Sanguíneas/patologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Citogenética , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Microscopia
3.
Haematologica ; 104(4): 778-788, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29954928

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been associated with tumor progression, invasion, and chemotherapy resistance in different cancer subtypes. Although the CXCR4 pathway has recently been suggested as an adverse prognostic marker in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, its biological relevance in this disease remains underexplored. In a homogeneous set of 52 biopsies from patients, an antibody-based cytokine array showed that tissue levels of CXCL12 correlated with high microvessel density and bone marrow involvement at diagnosis, supporting a role for the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis in disease progression. We then identified the tetra-amine IQS-01.01RS as a potent inverse agonist of the receptor, preventing CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis and triggering apoptosis in a panel of 18 cell lines and primary cultures, with superior mobilizing properties in vivo than those of the standard agent. IQS-01.01RS activity was associated with downregulation of p-AKT, p-ERK1/2 and destabilization of MYC, allowing a synergistic interaction with the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain inhibitor, CPI203. In a xenotransplant model of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the combination of IQS-01.01RS and CPI203 decreased tumor burden through MYC and p-AKT downregulation, and enhanced the induction of apoptosis. Thus, our results point out an emerging role of CXCL12-CXCR4 in the pathogenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and support the simultaneous targeting of CXCR4 and bromodomain proteins as a promising, rationale-based strategy for the treatment of this disease.

4.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 190: 195-199, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30048873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze ultrasound findings of liver damage in alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of detoxification patients. Clinical and laboratory parameters were obtained at admission. Analytical liver injury (ALI) was defined as at least two of the following: aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels ≥74 < 300 U/L, AST/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio >2, and total bilirubin >1.2 mg/dL. Advanced liver fibrosis (ALF) was defined as a FIB-4 score ≥3.25. Abdominal ultrasound was used to identify steatosis, hepatomegaly, heterogeneous liver, and portal hypertension. Predictors of these findings were determined by logistic regression. RESULTS: We included 301 patients (80% male) with a median age of 46 years (IQR: 39-51 years) and alcohol consumption of 180 g/day (IQR: 120-201 g). The prevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) was 21.2%; AST and ALT serum levels were 42 U/L (IQR: 23-78 U/L) and 35 U/L (IQR: 19-60 U/L), respectively; 16% of patients had ALI and 24% ALF. Ultrasound findings were: 57.2% steatosis, 49.5% hepatomegaly, 17% heterogeneous liver, and 16% portal hypertension; 77% had at least one ultrasound abnormality, and 45% had ≥2. HCV infection was associated with heterogeneous liver (p = 0.046) and portal hypertension (p < 0.01). ALI and ALF were associated with steatosis (both p < 0.01) and hepatomegaly (both p < 0.01), ALI with portal hypertension (p = 0.08), and ALF with heterogeneous liver (p < 0.01). In logistic regression, ALI and ALF were associated with ≥2 abnormalities [OR (95%CI): 5.2 (2.1-12.8), p < 0.01 and 4.7 (2.2-9.7), p < 0.01; respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound findings of liver damage may facilitate clinical decisions and alcohol cessation in AUD patients.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Alcoolismo/terapia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatias/terapia , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/sangue , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/terapia , Alcoolismo/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado Gorduroso/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hepatite C/sangue , Hepatite C/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hepatopatias/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Oncoimmunology ; 7(6): e1432328, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29872562

RESUMO

Analysis of the T cell receptor (TR) repertoire of chronic lymphocytic leukemia-like monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis (CLL-like MBL) and early stage CLL is relevant for understanding the dynamic interaction of expanded B cell clones with bystander T cells. Here we profiled the T cell receptor ß chain (TRB) repertoire of the CD4+ and CD8+ T cell fractions from 16 CLL-like MBL and 13 untreated, Binet stage A/Rai stage 0 CLL patients using subcloning analysis followed by Sanger sequencing. The T cell subpopulations of both MBL and early stage CLL harbored restricted TRB gene repertoire, with CD4+ T cell clonal expansions whose frequency followed the numerical increase of clonal B cells. Longitudinal analysis in MBL cases revealed clonal persistence, alluding to persistent antigen stimulation. In addition, the identification of shared clonotypes among different MBL/early stage CLL cases pointed towards selection of the T cell clones by common antigenic elements. T cell clonotypes previously described in viral infections and immune disorders were also detected. Altogether, our findings evidence that antigen-mediated TR restriction occurs early in clonal evolution leading to CLL and may further increase together with B cell clonal expansion, possibly suggesting that the T cell selecting antigens are tumor-related.

6.
J Immunol ; 200(8): 2581-2591, 2018 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29531171

RESUMO

Mechanisms of immune regulation may control proliferation of aberrant plasma cells (PCs) in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) preventing progression to active multiple myeloma (MM). We hypothesized that CD85j (LILRB1), an inhibitory immune checkpoint for B cell function, may play a role in MM pathogenesis. In this study, we report that patients with active MM had significantly lower levels of CD85j and its ligand S100A9. Decreased CD85j expression could also be detected in the premalignant condition MGUS, suggesting that loss of CD85j may be an early event promoting tumor immune escape. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying CD85j functions, we next enforced expression of CD85j in human myeloma cell lines by lentiviral transduction. Interestingly, gene expression profiling of CD85j-overexpressing cells revealed a set of downregulated genes with crucial functions in MM pathogenesis. Furthermore, in vitro functional assays demonstrated that CD85j overexpression increased susceptibility to T cell- and NK-mediated killing. Consistently, ligation of CD85j decreased the number of PCs from individuals with MGUS but not from patients with MM. In conclusion, downregulation of inhibitory immune checkpoints on malignant PCs may provide a novel mechanism of immune escape associated with myeloma pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/imunologia , Receptor B1 de Leucócitos Semelhante a Imunoglobulina/imunologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Plasmócitos/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfócitos B , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transcriptoma/imunologia
8.
Leukemia ; 32(6): 1427-1434, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463830

RESUMO

Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) is a biologically heterogeneous, clinically defined entity with a variable rate of progression to symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM). Reliable markers for progression are critical for the development of potential therapeutic interventions. We retrospectively evaluated the predictive value of the evolving pattern of serum M-protein among other progression risk factors in 206 patients with SMM diagnosed between 1973 and 2012. Median time from recognition of evolving type to progression into symptomatic MM was 1.1 years (95% CI 0.5-2.0) and progression rate at 3 years was 71%. Development of the evolving type drastically worsened the prognostic estimation made at diagnosis for every covariate predictive of progression (serum M-protein size, bone marrow plasma cell infiltration, immunoparesis and Mayo Clinic risk). On average, the hazard ratio for progression to symptomatic MM increased to 5.1 (95% CI 3.4-7.6) after recognition of the evolving type. In conclusion, in patients with SMM the evolving pattern accurately predicts the risk of early progression to symptomatic disease, thereby allowing the identification of ultra-high risk patients who would be candidates for immediate therapy.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Mieloma/análise , Mieloma Múltiplo Latente/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mieloma Múltiplo Latente/mortalidade
9.
Leuk Res ; 63: 85-89, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29121539

RESUMO

Isolate loss of chromosome Y (-Y) in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is associated to a better outcome but it is also well described as an age-related phenomenon. In this study we aimed to analyze the prognostic impact of -Y in the context of the IPSS-R cytogenetic classification, evaluate the clinical significance of the percentage of metaphases with isolated -Y, and test whether finding -Y may predispose to over-diagnose MDS in patients with borderline morphological features. We evaluated 3581 male patients from the Spanish MDS Registry with a diagnosis of MDS or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). -Y was identified in 177 patients (4.9%). Compared with the 2246 male patients with normal karyotype, -Y group showed a reduced risk of leukemic transformation that did not translate into a survival advantage. The overall survival and the risk of leukemic transformation were not influenced by the percentage of metaphases with -Y. The -Y group was not enriched in patients with minor morphologic traits of dysplasia, suggesting that the better outcome in the -Y group cannot be explained by enrichment in cases misdiagnosed as MDS. In conclusion, our results support the current recommendation of classifying patients with -Y within the very good risk category of the IPSS-R for MDS and rule out a selection bias as a possible explanation of this better outcome. An analysis of the molecular basis of MDS with isolated -Y would be of interest as it may provide a biological basis of protection against progression to acute leukemia.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Y , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/patologia , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 40(5): 363-374, mayo 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-162786

RESUMO

En los últimos años se han producido avances en el manejo de la hemorragia digestiva alta no varicosa que han permitido disminuir la recidiva hemorrágica y la mortalidad. El presente documento de posicionamiento de la Societat Catalana de Digestologia es una actualización de las recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia sobre el manejo de la hemorragia digestiva por úlcera péptica (AU)


In recent years there have been advances in the management of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding that have helped reduce rebleeding and mortality. This document positioning of the Catalan Society of Digestologia is an update of evidence-based recommendations on management of gastrointestinal bleeding peptic ulcer (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Úlcera Péptica Hemorrágica/terapia , Padrões de Prática Médica , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem
11.
Am J Hematol ; 92(7): 614-621, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28370234

RESUMO

The Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) has been recognized as the score with the best outcome prediction capability in MDS, but this brought new concerns about the accurate prognostication of patients classified into the intermediate risk category. The correct enumeration of blasts is essential in prognostication of MDS. Recent data evidenced that considering blasts from nonerythroid cellularity (NECs) improves outcome prediction in the context of IPSS and WHO classification. We assessed the percentage of blasts from total nucleated cells (TNCs) and NECs in 3924 MDS patients from the GESMD, 498 of whom were MDS with erythroid predominance (MDS-E). We assessed if calculating IPSS-R by enumerating blasts from NECs improves prognostication of MDS. Twenty-four percent of patients classified into the intermediate category were reclassified into higher-risk categories and showed shorter overall survival (OS) and time to AML evolution than those who remained into the intermediate one. Likewise, a better distribution of patients was observed, since lower-risk patients showed longer survivals than previously whereas higher-risk ones maintained the outcome expected in this poor prognostic group (median OS < 20 months). Furthermore, our approach was particularly useful for detecting patients at risk of dying with AML. Regarding MDS-E, 51% patients classified into the intermediate category were reclassified into higher-risk ones and showed shorter OS and time to AML. In this subgroup of MDS, IPSS-R was capable of splitting our series in five groups with significant differences in OS only when blasts were assessed from NECs. In conclusion, our easy-applicable approach improves prognostic assessment of MDS patients.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/patologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Haematologica ; 102(6): 1099-1104, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28255016

RESUMO

The presence of circulating plasma cells in patients with multiple myeloma is considered a marker for highly proliferative disease. In the study herein, the impact of circulating plasma cells assessed by cytology on survival of patients with multiple myeloma was analyzed. Wright-Giemsa stained peripheral blood smears of 482 patients with newly diagnosed myeloma or plasma cell leukemia were reviewed and patients were classified into 4 categories according to the percentage of circulating plasma cells: 0%, 1-4%, 5-20%, and plasma cell leukemia with the following frequencies: 382 (79.2%), 83 (17.2%), 12 (2.5%) and 5 (1.0%), respectively. Median overall survival according to the circulating plasma cells group was 47, 50, 6 and 14 months, respectively. At multivariate analysis, the presence of 5 to 20% circulating plasma cells was associated with a worse overall survival (relative risk 4.9, 95% CI 2.6-9.3) independently of age, creatinine, the Durie-Salmon system stage and the International Staging System (ISS) stage. Patients with ≥5% circulating plasma cells had lower platelet counts (median 86×109/L vs 214×109/L, P<0.0001) and higher bone marrow plasma cells (median 53% vs 36%, P=0.004). The presence of ≥5% circulating plasma cells in patients with multiple myeloma has a similar adverse prognostic impact as plasma cell leukemia.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Plasmócitos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medula Óssea/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia Plasmocitária/diagnóstico , Leucemia Plasmocitária/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 41(7): 877-886, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28288039

RESUMO

MYC translocation is a defining feature of Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and the new category of high-grade B-cell lymphomas with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations, and occurs in 6% to 15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). The low incidence of MYC translocations in DLBCL makes the genetic study of all these lymphomas cumbersome. Strategies based on an initial immunophenotypic screening to select cases with a high probability of carrying the translocation may be useful. LMO2 is a germinal center marker expressed in most lymphomas originated in these cells. Mining gene expression profiling studies, we observed LMO2 downregulation in BL and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) with MYC translocations, and postulated that LMO2 protein expression could assist to identify such cases. We analyzed LMO2 protein expression in 46 BLs and 284 LBCL. LMO2 was expressed in 1/46 (2%) BL cases, 146/268 (54.5%) DLBCL cases, and 2/16 (12.5%) high-grade B-cell lymphoma cases with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations. All BLs carried MYC translocation (P<0.001), whereas LMO2 was only positive in 6/42 (14%) LBCL with MYC translocation (P<0.001). The relationship between LMO2 negativity and MYC translocation was further analyzed in different subsets of tumors according to CD10 expression and cell of origin. Lack of LMO2 expression was associated with the detection of MYC translocations with high sensitivity (87%), specificity (87%), positive predictive value and negative predictive value (74% and 94%, respectively), and accuracy (87%) in CD10 LBCL. Comparing LMO2 and MYC protein expression, all statistic measures of performance of LMO2 surpassed MYC in CD10 LBCL. These findings suggest that LMO2 loss may be a good predictor for the presence of MYC translocation in CD10 LBCL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfoma de Burkitt/metabolismo , Genes myc , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 40(5): 363-374, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28109636
16.
Am J Hematol ; 92(2): 149-154, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27859564

RESUMO

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are the commonest hematologic malignancies in the elderly. Since many patients with MDS actually die from age-related ailments, the very disease burden of MDS remains largely unknown. This registry-based study was aimed at investigating the excess mortality attributable to MDS. We analyzed 7,408 adult patients diagnosed with primary MDS from 1980 to 2014. Excess mortality was estimated by comparing the patients' survival with that expected in the matched general population. Median age of patients was 74 years, 58% were males, and 65% belonged to the lower risk categories of the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R). Excess mortality accounted for three-fourths of the all-cause mortality and was mainly driven by factors unrelated to leukemic transformation. Excess mortality increased with the IPSS-R risk category [Incidence rate ratio (IRR): 2.1, 95% CI: 1.9-2.3; P < .001]. Older age and male sex retained an independent association with higher excess mortality after discounting demographic effects. Excess mortality increased in the most recent periods just in the higher risk IPSS-R categories (IRR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1-1.3 when comparing periods 2007-14, 2000-06, and 1980-99). In conclusion, MDS carry a significant excess mortality, even in the lower risk categories, that is mainly driven by factors unrelated to leukemic transformation, and increases with older age, male sex, and poorer risk categories. Excess mortality has increased in recent years in the higher risk patients, which might be ascribed to a parallel increase in age-related comorbidities. Our results claim for more comprehensive treatment strategies for patients with MDS. Am. J. Hematol. 92:149-154, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Prognóstico , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Mod Pathol ; 29(12): 1541-1551, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27562492

RESUMO

Erythroleukemia was considered an acute myeloid leukemia in the 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) classification and is defined by the presence of ≥50% bone marrow erythroblasts, having <20% bone marrow blasts from total nucleated cells but ≥20% bone marrow myeloblasts from nonerythroid cells. Erythroleukemia shares clinicopathologic features with myelodysplastic syndromes, especially with erythroid-predominant myelodysplastic syndromes (≥50% bone marrow erythroblasts). The upcoming WHO revision proposes to eliminate the nonerythroid blast cell count rule and to move erythroleukemia patients into the appropriate myelodysplastic syndrome category on the basis of the absolute blast cell count. We conducted a retrospective study of patients with de novo erythroleukemia and compared their clinico-biological features and outcome with those of de novo myelodysplastic syndromes, focusing on erythroid-predominant myelodysplastic syndromes. Median overall survival of 405 erythroid-predominant myelodysplastic syndromes without excess blasts was significantly longer than that observed in 57 erythroid-predominant refractory anemias with excess blasts-1 and in 59 erythroleukemias, but no significant difference was observed between erythroid-predominant refractory anemias with excess blasts-1 and erythroleukemias. In this subset of patients with ≥50% bone marrow erythroblasts and excess blasts, the presence of a high-risk karyotype defined by the International Prognostic Scoring System or by the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System was the main prognostic factor. In the same way, the survival of 459 refractory anemias with excess blasts-2, independently of having ≥20% bone marrow blasts from nonerythroid cells or not, was almost identical to the observed in 59 erythroleukemias. Interestingly, 11 low-blast count erythroleukemias with 5 to <10% bone marrow blasts from total nucleated cells showed similar survival than the rest of erythroleukemias. Our data suggest that de novo erythroleukemia is in the spectrum of myelodysplastic syndromes with excess blasts and support its inclusion into future classifications of myelodysplastic syndromes.


Assuntos
Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/classificação , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/patologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(27): 3284-92, 2016 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27382099

RESUMO

PURPOSE: WHO classification of myeloid malignancies is based mainly on the percentage of bone marrow (BM) blasts. This is considered from total nucleated cells (TNCs), unless there is erythroid-hyperplasia (erythroblasts ≥ 50%), calculated from nonerythroid cells (NECs). In these instances, when BM blasts are ≥ 20%, the disorder is classified as erythroleukemia, and when BM blasts are < 20%, as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). In the latter, the percentage of blasts is considered from TNCs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed the percentage of BM blasts from TNCs and NECs in 3,692 patients with MDS from the Grupo Español de Síndromes Mielodisplásicos, 465 patients with erythroid hyperplasia (MDS-E) and 3,227 patients without erythroid hyperplasia. We evaluated the relevance of both quantifications on classification and prognostication. RESULTS: By enumerating blasts systematically from NECs, 22% of patients with MDS-E and 12% with MDS from the whole series diagnosed within WHO categories with < 5% BM blasts, were reclassified into higher-risk categories and showed a poorer overall survival than did those who remained in initial categories (P = .006 and P = .001, respectively). Following WHO recommendations, refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB)-2 diagnosis is not possible in MDS-E, as patients with 10% to < 20% BM blasts from TNCs fulfill erythroleukemia criteria; however, by considering blasts from NECs, 72 patients were recoded as RAEB-2 and showed an inferior overall survival than did patients with RAEB-1 without erythroid hyperplasia. Recalculating the International Prognostic Scoring System by enumerating blasts from NECs in MDS-E and in the overall MDS population reclassified approximately 9% of lower-risk patients into higher-risk categories, which indicated the survival expected for higher-risk patients. CONCLUSION: Regardless of the presence of erythroid hyperplasia, calculating the percentage of BM blasts from NECs improves prognostic assessment of MDS. This fact should be considered in future WHO classification reviews.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Eritroblastos/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 55(4): 322-7, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26690722

RESUMO

Chromosomal translocations are rare in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). With the exception of t(3q), translocations are not explicitly considered in the cytogenetic classification of the IPSS-R and their impact on disease progression and patient survival is unknown. The present study was aimed at determining the prognostic impact of translocations in the context of the cytogenetic classification of the IPSS-R. We evaluated 1,653 patients from the Spanish Registry of MDS diagnosed with MDS or CMML and an abnormal karyotype by conventional cytogenetic analysis. Translocations were identified in 168 patients (T group). Compared with the 1,485 patients with abnormal karyotype without translocations (non-T group), the T group had a larger proportion of patients with refractory anemia with excess of blasts and higher scores in both the cytogenetic and global IPSS-R. Translocations were associated with a significantly shorter survival and higher incidence of transformation into AML at univariate analysis but both features disappeared after multivariate adjustment for the IPSS-R cytogenetic category. Patients with single or double translocations other than t(3q) had an outcome similar to those in the non-T group in the intermediate cytogenetic risk category of the IPSS-R. In conclusion, the presence of translocations identifies a subgroup of MDS/CMML patients with a more aggressive clinical presentation that can be explained by a higher incidence of complex karyotypes. Single or double translocations other than t(3q) should be explicitly considered into the intermediate risk category of cytogenetic IPSS-R classification.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Translocação Genética , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Acta Haematol ; 135(2): 94-100, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26509426

RESUMO

Recurrent translocations are uncommon in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Three new recurrent translocations, namely der(12)t(3;12)(q13;p13), t(11;13;22)(q13;q14;q12) and der(17)t(13;17)(q21;p13), identified by conventional cytogenetics (CC) in 4 MDS patients, were further characterized using a panel of commercial and homemade fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes. The goal of this study was to determine the precise breakpoints and to identify genes that could be related with the neoplastic process. Half of the breakpoints (4/8) were precisely identified and in the remaining half they were narrowed to a region ranging from 14 to 926 kb. All the studied breakpoints had interstitial or terminal deletions ranging from 536 kb to 89 Mb, and only those 7 Mb were detected by CC. The genes located in or around the breakpoints described in our study have not been previously related to MDS. The deleted regions include the ETV6 and RB1 genes, among others, and exclude the TP53 gene. FISH studies were useful to refine the breakpoints of the translocations, but further studies are needed to determine the role of the involved genes in the neoplastic process.


Assuntos
Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Translocação Genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
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