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1.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722849

RESUMO

Management of systemic autoimmune diseases is challenging for physicians in their clinical practice. Although not common, they affect thousands of patients in Spain. The family doctor faces patients with symptoms and non-specific cutaneous, mucous, joint, vascular signs or abnormal laboratory findings at the start of the disease process and has to determine when to refer patients to the specialist. To aid in disease detection and better referral, the Spanish Society of Rheumatology and the Spanish Society of Family Medicine has created a group of experts who selected 26 symptoms, key signs and abnormal laboratory findings which were organized by organ and apparatus. Family doctors and rheumatologists with an interest in autoimmune systemic diseases were selected and formed mixed groups of two that then elaborated algorithms for diagnostic guidelines and referral. The algorithms were then reviewed, homogenized and adapted to the algorithm format and application for cell phone (apps) download. The result is the current Referral document of systemic autoimmune diseases for the family doctor in paper format and app (download). It contains easy-to-use algorithms using data from anamnesis, physical examination and laboratory results usually available to primary care, that help diagnose and refer patients to rheumatology or other specialties if needed.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and analyze any cancer-associated factors in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) differentiating between hormone-sensitive (HS) and non-HS cancers. METHODS: Retrospective multicentric study of a patient cohort from the SLE Registry of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (RELESSER - Spanish acronym). Included are the following: the first cancer post-SLE diagnosis, clinical and sociodemographic information, cumulative damage, severity, comorbidities, treatments and refractoriness. Cancers were classified as HS (prostate, breast, endometrium and ovarian) and non-HS (the rest). Standardized Incidence Ratio (SIR) was calculated and logistic regression models were built. RESULTS: 3,539 patients (90.4% women) were included, 154 of whom presented cancer (91% women), 44 HS (100% women). Cancer SIR was 1.37 (CI 95%: 1.15-1.59), with higher values in women under 65s [2.38 (CI 95%: 1.84-2.91)]. SIR in women with HS vs. non-HS cancer was 1.02 (CI 95%: 0.13-1.91) and 1.93 (CI 95%: 0.98-2.89)], respectively. In HS vs. non-HS cancers, SLE diagnostic age [odds ratio (OR) 1.04 (p= 0.002) vs. 1.04 (p= 0.019), respectively] and period of disease evolution [OR 1.01 (p< 0.001) vs. 1.00 (p= 0.029), respectively] were associated with cancer. SLICC/ACR damage index [OR 1.27 (p= 0.022)] and ACE inhibitor prescriptions [OR 2.87 (p= 0.048)] were associated with non-HS cancers. CONCLUSION: Cancer incidence in SLE patients is higher than in the Spanish population, particularly among young women. This increase might be due to non-HS cancers, which would be associated with an SLE involving greater cumulative damage where more ACE inhibitors are prescribed.

3.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(11): 1875-1882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522232

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of digital ulcers (DUs) in daily life of systemic sclerosis (SSc) Spanish patients. We developed a multicenter observational study to compare functional disability in SSc patients with active DUs vs. those without DUs. An additional correlation between perception of patients and physicians on disability due to DUs was performed. A total of 199 patients were enrolled, 70 (35%) with DUs. Patients with DUs were younger (48 vs. 58 years; p < 0.001) and had more frequently the diffuse subtype of SSc (45 vs. 24%; p = 0.004) than patients without DUs. Patients with DUs showed significantly higher scores in the Cochin Hand Function Scale overall (p < 0.002) and for each of its five dimensions. They also showed higher scores in the Systemic Sclerosis Health Assessment Questionnaire items related to hand function such as, dress and self-care (p < 0.013), eat (p < 0.013) and grip (p < 0.03), and higher Visual Analogic Scale scores for pain (p < 0.013), trouble related with Raynaud's Phenomenon (p < 0.001) and sense of severity (p < 0.004). Impact on daily activities was significantly higher in patients with DUs (p = 0.002), with a non-significant trend to experience higher impact on work productivity (p = 0.07). A high correlation was found between DUs patients and physicians opinion on the impact of DUs (daily life: Pearson R = 0.86; work productivity: Pearson R = 0.87). Study findings show an impaired hand function and increased disability for daily life activities and work productivity in SSc patients with DUs compared with patients without DUs in Spanish population.

4.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of bacteremia in a large multicentric cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their clinical characteristics and to identify risk factors. METHODS: All bacteremic episodes from the Spanish RELESSER registry were included. Clinical and laboratory characteristics concerning bacteremia and SLE status, as well as comorbidities at the time of infection, were retrospectively collected. A comparison with sex- and age-matched SLE controls without bacteremia was made. A logistic regression was conducted. RESULTS: The study included 114 episodes of bacteremia in 83 patients. The incidence rate was 2.7/1000 patient-years. At the time of bacteremia, the median age was 40.5 (range: 8-90) years, and 88.6% of patients were female. The Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index was 4 [interquartile range (IQR) 8]; 41% had an SLE flare (66% severe); Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index was 3 (IQR 4). A comorbidity was recorded in 64% of cases. At the time of bacteremia, 88.6% received corticosteroids (68.6% > 10 mg/day) and 57% immunosuppressors. Gram-negative bacilli, most frequently Escherichia coli (29.8%), caused 52.6% of the episodes. The bacteremia-related mortality was 14% and bacteremia was recurrent in 27.2% of cases. A dose-response relationship was found between corticosteroids and bacteremia risk. In the multivariate analysis, these factors were associated with bacteremia: elevated creatinine (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.70; p = 0.045), diabetes (OR 6.01, 95% CI 2.26-15.95; p < 0.001), cancer (OR 5.32, 95% CI 2.23-12.70; p < 0.001), immunosuppressors (OR 6.35, 95% CI 3.42-11.77; p < 0.001), and damage (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.31-2.09; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Bacteremia occurred mostly in patients with active SLE and was frequently associated with severe flares and corticosteroid use. Recurrence and mortality were high. Immunosuppressors, comorbidities, and disease-related damage were associated with bacteremia.

5.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(6): 1077-1082, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989332

RESUMO

To estimate the agreement level between patient and physician assessment of disease activity and to explore whether agreement is associated with adherence to subcutaneous (SC) biological drugs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cross-sectional study of RA patients who had been prescribed a SC biological drug in the past 12-18 months was performed. Patients and physicians global disease activity on visual analogue scale (VAS) were collected. Disagreement was defined as an absolute difference ≥ 3 points between VAS scores. Adherence was assessed by the Medication Possession Ratio (MPR), considering adherence an MPR > 80%. We analysed 360 patients of whom 15.5% presented disagreement with their physicians. The mean patient global VAS was 5.75 ± 1.8 (median 5.5 [5-7]) in the disagreement group versus 2.7 ± 2.2 (median 2 [1-4]) in the agreement group (p < 0.001). There were also differences in physicians global VAS between groups (p = 0.01). The non-adherence to SC biological drugs rate was 10.7% and 14.5% in the disagreement and agreement groups (p = 0.45). No association between adherence and discordance was found. Disagreement in the global disease activity between patients and physicians was detected in 15.5% of patients. In general, patients perceived higher disease activity. No associations between patient-physician disagreement in VAS and adherence were observed.

6.
Front Immunol ; 10: 391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894863

RESUMO

Introduction: The role of the immune response in the pathogenesis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) remains elusive. It is possible that differences in the frequencies of Th17 cells and/or defects in the immunoregulatory mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of APS. Our aim was to determine the peripheral blood Th cells phenotype and the circulating cytokine profile in patients with primary APS (pAPS) and compare it with systemic lupus erythemathosus (SLE) as disease control group. Methods: The frequencies of circulating regulatory T cells (Tregs) were determined in PBMCs from 36 patients with pAPS by flow cytometry. As control groups we included 21 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) and 11 patients with SLE. The suppressive capacity of Tregs was evaluated in vitro by coculture assay. On the other hand, intracellular cytokine production was assessed in Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells and circulating IL-6, IL-10, and IL-35 were measured by Cytometric Bead Array and ELISA. The quantification of Th master gene expression levels was performed by real time quantitative PCR. Results: pAPS patients and SLE patients did not show differences in the percentage or number of Tregs compared to HC. The suppressive capacity of Tregs was also similar in the three study group. Instead, we found higher FoxP3·mRNA expression levels in pAPS patients and HC than SLE patients. Regarding the Th17 response, patients with pAPS and HC showed a significantly lower frequency of circulating Th17 cells than SLE. However, no differences were observed in the Th1 response between patients and controls. Thus, increased Th17/Th1 and Th17/Treg ratios were found in SLE patients but not in pAPS patients. pAPS and SLE patients had higher serum IL-6 levels than HC but there was not difference between both disease groups. Besides, a significant increase in the immunosuppressive cytokine levels was observed only in pAPS as compared to HC. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate an increased inflammatory profile of peripheral blood CD4+ T cells from SLE as compared with pAPS mostly due to an increased Th17 response. In conclusion, there seems not to be a direct pathogenic role for Th cells in pAPS but in SLE.

7.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(1): 34-42, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176075

RESUMO

Objectives: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. Results: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. Conclusions: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis


Objetivos: Los conocimientos sobre el curso y el desenlace a largo plazo de la nefritis lúpica membranosa (NLM) pura son todavía escasos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las características clínicas, curso, desenlace e indicadores pronósticos de la NLM y determinar el impacto de la etnicidad y tipo de cobertura sanitaria en el curso y pronóstico de la NLM. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las historias de 150 pacientes con NLM de España y Estados Unidos. Resultados: La edad media fue 34,2±12,5 y el 80% eran mujeres. El 68% de los pacientes tenían síndrome nefrótico al diagnóstico. La creatinina sérica media fue 0,98±0,78mg/dl. El 6% de los pacientes fallecieron y el 5,3% desarrollaron insuficiencia renal terminal (IRT). El sexo masculino, la hipertensión, la dislipemia, la alta proteinuria basal, la alta creatininemia y un aclaramiento de creatinina reducido predijeron el desarrollo de IRT. La edad, la insuficiencia cardíaca, la arteriopatía periférica, la hemodiálisis y el no haber recibido micofenolato de mofetilo o antimaláricos predijeron el fallecimiento. Conclusiones: La NLM pura suele debutar con síndrome nefrótico, alta proteinuria y creatininemia normal. Su pronóstico es favourable en términos de mantenimiento de la función renal aunque la proteinuria habitualmente persiste durante el seguimiento. La enfermedad cardiovascular basal y no tener cobertura sanitaria se relacionan con mal pronóstico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Creatinina/sangue
8.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 280, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact on mortality of primary respiratory disease in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All adult patients in the RELESSER-TRANS (Registry of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], cross-sectional phase) registry were retrospectively investigated for the presence of primary pleuropulmonary manifestations. RESULTS: In total 3215 patients were included. At least one pleuropulmonary manifestation was present in 31% of patients. The most common manifestation was pleural disease (21%), followed by lupus pneumonitis (3.6%), pulmonary thromboembolism (2.9%), primary pulmonary hypertension (2.4%), diffuse interstitial lung disease (2%), alveolar hemorrhage (0.8%), and shrinking lung syndrome (0.8%). In the multivariable analysis, the variables associated with the development of pleuropulmonary manifestation were older age at disease onset (odds ratio (OR) 1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.04), higher SLEDAI (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index) scores (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.07), the presence of Raynaud's phenomenon (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.09-1.84), secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.63-2.97), and the previous or concomitant occurrence of severe lupus nephritis, (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.95) neuropsychiatric manifestations (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.11-2.02), non-ischemic cardiac disease (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.90-4.15), vasculitis (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.62), hematological manifestations (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.00-1.71), and gastrointestinal manifestations, excluding hepatitis (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.14-3.66). Anti-RNP positivity had a clear tendency to significance (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.00-1.75; P = 0.054). The development of pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributes to a diminished survival (hazard ratio of 3.13). However, not all complications will influence the prognosis in the same way. Whereas the occurrence of pleural disease or pulmonary thromboembolism has a minimal impact on the survival of these patients, the remaining manifestations have a major impact on mortality. CONCLUSION: Except for pleural disease, the remaining respiratory manifestations are very uncommon in SLE (<4%). Pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributed to a decreased survival in these patients.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Issue recommendations on practical aspects of the monitoring of levels of biological drugs that may be useful for rheumatologists. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies in which drug and anti-drug antibody levels were determined in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or spondyloarthritis (SpA) to study whether they could predict different outcomes. In light of the results of the review, a group of experts discussed under what circumstances testing biological drug levels and their antibodies could be useful. The discussion resulted in a series of clinical questions that were answered with the scientific evidence collected, and in algorithms that facilitate decision making. RESULTS: It was established that the determination of drug levels can be especially useful in two clinical situations, on treatment failure (primary or secondary) and on sustained remission. It is also reviewed which laboratory technique and timing for sample drawing are the most suitable for the measurement. Recommendations are issued on the interpretation of drug levels and on factors to be taken into account (for example, body mass index and disease modifying drugs). CONCLUSIONS: Evidence-based algorithms and guidelines have been established to test drug levels and anti-drug antibodies in patients with RA and SpA, which can help clinical decision making.

10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), insulin resistance (IR), a component of the metabolic syndrome, is closely linked to the systemic inflammation induced by proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-6. In the present study, we aimed to assess if an intravenous administration of the anti-IL-6 receptor tocilizumab may yield a rapid improvement of IR in RA. METHODS: 50 consecutive non-diabetic patients with RA refractory to methotrexate, undergoing periodic treatment with tocilizumab, were studied. Besides disease activity, serum insulin, insulin/glucose ratio, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity (QUICKI) indexes were assessed immediately before and 1 hour after the end of an intravenous administration of tocilizumab (given in saline solution over 60 minutes). RESULTS: When comparing baseline data (immediately before) and 1 hour after finishing tocilizumab administration, we observed a dramatic decrease of the serum insulin levels and insulin/glucose ratio. Also, a statistically significant reduction of IR (HOMA-IR: mean± standard deviation immediately before: 2.62±2.03 vs. 1.65±1.15 1 hour after the end of the infusion (p<0.01) and a statistically significant increase of insulin sensitivity (QUICKI immediately before 0.34±0.03 vs. 0.37±0.04 1 hour after the end of tocilizumab infusion (p<0.01) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The intravenous administration of tocilizumab yields a rapid beneficial effect on IR and insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic RA patients. These findings support the potential beneficial effect of the IL-6 blockade on the mechanisms associated with the development of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in patients with RA.

11.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(12): 2289-2296, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251128

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to benchmark the use and attributed importance of well-established prognostic factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in daily clinical practice, and to contrast the use of factors with their ability to predict outcome. Medline was searched (inception-Sep. 2016) for systematic reviews on factors predicting death, disability, structural damage or remission in RA. All factors identified were compiled in a matrix of factors × outcomes, and scoping reviews for each cell were then performed. A survey to 42 rheumatologists randomly selected explored the use of the list of prognostic factors and inquired about the perceived strength of association with poor prognosis. In a second round, participants were exposed to evidence from the matrix and to responses from other participants. Change on perceived strength of association was evaluated. Rheumatologists report using prognostic factors in clinical practice on a daily basis. Very young onset, joint counts at diagnosis, rheumatoid factor, ACPA, and radiographic erosions are used frequently and correctly recognized as strong predictors. Comorbidities and other associated problems, such as obesity, low bone mineral density, cardiovascular disease, or extra-articular manifestations, are perceived as moderately associated to prognosis but, nevertheless, rheumatologists also use them profusely. Genetic and other biomarkers and osteitis by magnetic resonance are less accessible in daily practice and they obtained better results on second round (probably after knowing the strength of association with prognosis). Rheumatologists use widely most prognostic factors with a strong predictive value. However, factors with low evidence of prognostic value are also used and some factors are not used despite good evidence.

12.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30241955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: 1) To systematically and critically review the evidence of combined therapy with synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); 2) To design practical recommendations on their use. METHODS: A systematic literature review (SLR) was performed with a sensitive bibliographic search strategy in Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Library. We selected randomized clinical trials that analyzed the efficacy and/or safety of 1) combined therapy of synthetic compared with sequential therapy of synthetic DMARD in early RA; and 2) combination of methotrexate+leflunomide or triple therapy with synthetic DMARD in established RA refractory to synthetic DMARD. Two reviewers made the first selection by title and abstract and 11 performed the selection after detailed review of the articles and data collection. The quality of the studies was evaluated with the Jadad scale. Based on the results, related recommendations were agreed upon in a nominal group meeting. RESULTS: Ultimately, no articles were included in the SLR. The analysis of the reviewed articles demonstrated the effectiveness of the treatment with synthetic DMARD following a "treat to target" strategy in early RA patients, and of combination therapy of synthetic DMARD in established RA refractory to synthetic DMARD. This resulted in 6 recommendations concerning combination therapy with synthetic DMARD. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations aim to facilitate decision-making with the use of combined therapy with DMARD in RA.

13.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30098882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To draft recommendations on interleukin 6 (IL-6) blockade in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), based on best evidence and experience. METHODS: A group of 10 experts on IL-6 blockade in RA was selected. The 2 coordinators formulated 23 questions about IL-6 blockade (indications, efficacy, safety, etc.). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched). Two different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. At the same time, European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology abstracts were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinators proposed preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted on in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). RESULTS: The 8 preliminary recommendations were accepted after the Delphi process. They covered aspects such as the use of these therapies in monotherapy, in combination, in patients with refractory disease or intolerant patients, response evaluation, optimization and risk management. CONCLUSIONS: The manuscript aims to solve frequently asked questions and aid in decision making strategies when treating RA patients with IL-6 blockade.

14.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(9): 1741, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046842

RESUMO

In the original publication, the family name of the last author was incorrect. The correct name should read as Jaime Calvo-Alén.

15.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30057295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: 1) To systematically and critically review the evidence on the characteristics, efficacy and safety of glucocorticoids (CS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); 2) to generate practical recommendations. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed through a sensitive bibliographic search strategy in Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library. We selected randomized clinical trials that analyzed the efficacy and/or safety of CS in patients with RA. Two reviewers performed the first selection by title and abstract. Then 10 reviewers selected the studies after a detailed review of the articles and data collection. The quality of the studies was evaluated with the Jadad scale. In a nominal group meeting, based on the results of the systematic literature review, related recommendations were reached by consensus. RESULTS: A total of 47 articles were finally included. CS in combination with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs help control disease activity and inhibit radiographic progression, especially in the short-to-medium term and in early RA. CS can also improve function and relieve pain. Different types and routes of administration are effective, but there is no standardized scheme (initial dose, tapering and duration of treatment) that is superior to others. Adverse events when using CS are very frequent and are dose-dependent and variable severity, although most are mild. Seven recommendations were generated on the use and risk management of CS. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations aim to resolve some common clinical questions and aid in decision-making for CS use in RA.

16.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(9): 1735-1740, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29959469

RESUMO

Patients' beliefs about their prescribed medication are an important factor influencing intentional non-adherence. This study describes rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' beliefs about their subcutaneous (SC) biological medication through the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ), and potential associations. As part of the ARCO study (Study on Adherence of Rheumatoid arthritis patients to subCutaneous and Oral drugs), patients completed the BMQ specifically for their SC biological medication, encompassing a necessity and a concerns scale. The medication possession ratio (MPR) was calculated to assess adherence to the SC biological medication. The BMQ was completed by 321 patients. Between 71.0 and 89.7% of patients agreed/strongly agreed with necessity scale statements, and only 7.2% had low necessity scores. Between 20.0 and 49.8% of patients agreed/strongly agreed with four of five concern scale statements, and 72.3% agreed/strongly agreed with the concern statement regarding long-term medication effects. The percentage with high concerns was 58.9%, and was higher in patients not satisfied with, or with less fulfillment of, tolerability expectations. Non-adherence percentages were, respectively, 13.8 and 13.0% (p = 0.919) in those with high or low necessity, and 16.0 and 10.6% (p = 0.171) in those with high or low concerns. Most patients were categorized as 'ambivalent' (58.5%; high necessity/high concerns) or 'accepting' (36.1%; high necessity/low concerns) of their SC biological medication. The BMQ identified patients' concerns with their SC biological medication. Because patients' concerns could influence non-adherence to medication and future outcomes, physicians should address this issue in the clinic by informing patients and setting clear expectations.

17.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(supl.2): 11-15, jun. 2018. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176062

RESUMO

El bloqueo de la interleucina (IL) 6 ha demostrado ser un eficaz tratamiento en la artritis reumatoide. Diversos ensayos clínicos han probado la eficacia de esta opción terapéutica en las diversas manifestaciones clínicas características de la enfermedad y, especialmente debido a su mecanismo de acción específico, otorga ventajas clínicas especiales en el control de las manifestaciones de índole sistémica. Adicionalmente se ha visto que el bloqueo de la IL-6 puede tener importantes beneficios en ciertas comorbilidades que con frecuencia ensombrecen el pronóstico de esta enfermedad. A nivel cardiovascular, parece que la IL-6 puede favorecer el desarrollo de la enfermedad cardiovascular. Por tanto, su bloqueo, aunque con frecuencia puede producir elevaciones de las cifras de colesterol, parece que puede conllevar beneficios netos en este campo. También la IL-6 tiene efectos osteopenizantes y, por tanto, este tratamiento puede ayudar a controlar el desarrollo de osteoporosis en estos pacientes. Finalmente, diversas líneas de investigación están observando que la IL-6 puede tener un importante papel en el desarrollo de cuadros depresivos. La depresión es una comorbilidad muy frecuente entre los pacientes con artritis reumatoide y se asocia a un peor pronóstico de la enfermedad. En este sentido, la utilización de agentes anti-IL-6 también podría ayudar en el tratamiento de esta comorbilidad


IL-6 blockade has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment in rheumatoid arthritis. Several clinical trials have proved the efficacy of this therapeutic option in the distinct clinical manifestations of the disease; in particular, due to its specific mechanism of action, it offers special advantages for the control of systemic-type manifestations. Indeed, it has been observed that IL-6 blockade may have important benefits in some comorbidities that frequently worsen the prognosis of this disease. At the cardiovascular level, it seems that IL-6 may promote the development of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, IL-6 blockade seems to have a beneficial net effect in this field, despite frequently increasing cholesterol levels. In addition, IL-6 has osteopenic effects and consequently this treatment may help to control the development of osteoporosis in these patients. Finally, several research studies are observing that IL-6 may play an important role in the development of depressive clinical pictures. Depression is a highly frequent comorbidity among patients with rheumatoid arthritis and is associated with worse disease outcomes. The use of anti-IL-6 agents might also help in the management of this comorbidity


Assuntos
Humanos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Biológica , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Comorbidade , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(3): 142-149, mayo-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174098

RESUMO

Objetivos. Desarrollar recomendaciones sobre el uso de metrotexato (MTX) parenteral en pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas, fundamentalmente en la artritis reumatoide, basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia. Métodos. Se seleccionó un grupo de 21 expertos reumatólogos en el manejo de MTX. El coordinador generó 13 preguntas sobre el uso de MTX parenteral (perfiles de indicación, eficacia, seguridad, costo-eficacia y biodisponibilidad) para ser contestadas mediante una revisión sistemática de la literatura. Con base en las preguntas se definieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, y las estrategias de búsqueda (en Medline, EMBASE y la Cochrane Library). Tres revisores seleccionaron los artículos resultantes de la búsqueda. Se generaron tablas de evidencia. Paralelamente se evaluaron abstracts de congresos de la European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) y del American College of Rheumatology (ACR). Con toda esta evidencia el coordinador generó 13 recomendaciones preliminares que se evaluaron, discutieron y votaron en una reunión del grupo nominal con los expertos. Para cada recomendación se estableció el nivel de evidencia y grado de recomendación, y el grado de acuerdo mediante un Delphi. Se definió acuerdo si al menos el 80% de los participantes contestaron sí a la recomendación (sí o no). Resultados. La mayoría de la evidencia proviene de la artritis reumatoide. De las 13 recomendaciones preliminares se aceptaron 11 recomendaciones sobre el uso de MTX parenteral en reumatología. Dos no se llegaron a votar y se decidió no incluirlas, pero se comentan en el texto final. Conclusiones. Este documento pretende resolver algunos interrogantes clínicos habituales y facilitar la toma de decisiones con el uso de MTX parenteral


Objective. To develop recommendations for the use of parenteral methotrexate (MTX) in rheumatic diseases, mainly rheumatoid arthritis, based on best evidence and experience. Methods. A group of 21 experts on parenteral MTX use was selected. The coordinator formulated 13 questions about parenteral MTX (indications, efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (involving Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library). Three different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. Abstracts from the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinator proposed preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). Results. Most of the evidence involved rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 13 preliminary recommendations on the use of parenteral MTX were proposed; 11 of them were accepted. Two of the 13 were not voted and are commented on in the main text. Conclusions. The manuscript aims to solve frequent questions and help in decision-making strategies when treating patients with parenteral MTX


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Consenso , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Infusões Parenterais , Técnica Delfos , Adesão à Medicação , Automedicação/normas
19.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29776887

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In the ARCO study, adherence to subcutaneous biological agents by patients with rheumatoid arthritis improved with monthly administration. We assess whether adherence can be related to fulfillment of expectations and satisfaction with treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adherence was assessed by calculating the Medication Possession Ratio, and satisfaction and fulfillment of expectations using the «EXPRESAR¼ group questionnaire. RESULTS: In 346 patients, those who were satisfied/very satisfied with efficacy and tolerability were ≥80% and 64.4%, with no differences between weekly, biweekly or monthly administration regimens. Regarding the fulfillment of expectations, 59.9% considered the effect of the treatment greater than expected and 52.6% reported lower/much lower than expected discomfort; the latter percentage was higher in patients with monthly administration (P=.049). The percentages for nonadherence were 15.6% (discomfort greater than expected), 18.5% (expected discomfort) and 11.1% (lower than expected or no discomfort) (P=.189). CONCLUSIONS: Satisfaction and fulfillment of expectations were high. Fulfillment of expectations of tolerability was better with monthly administration, which could contribute to better adherence.

20.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(6): 975-983, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616303

RESUMO

The utility of monitoring drug levels in rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis patients on biological therapy is called into question. The objective was to study relevant clinical questions on the topic, i.e., (1) whether drug levels predict relapse in patients whose biologic was optimized because of remission or low disease activity; (2) whether information about drug levels influences the prognosis of patients with primary or secondary failure to a biological therapy; and (3) whether methotrexate (MTX) influences the association between drug levels and response. Medline, Embase, Cochrane databases were screened, from inception to December 2016 in search for all studies related to the three research questions about. Overall characteristics and outcomes of the studies were collected in a table of evidence and the quality of the studies was assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale or the GRADEpro. Two studies responded the first question, 5 the second, and 7 the third. Studies were small and with limitations, but suggest that measurement drug levels may be useful in patients in remission; that higher drug levels predict a longer relapse-free optimization, and in patients with failure to a biological agent, treatment may need individual adjustment according to the presence of drug levels or antidrug-antibodies. In addition, MTX influences the association between response and drug levels. Monitoring drug levels would allow optimal use of current biological therapies, but more studies and of better quality are needed to draw definitive conclusions.

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