Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 32
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876974

RESUMO

The interaction at molecular level of the spin-crossover Fe II ((3,5-(CH 3 ) 2 Pz) 3 BH) 2 complex with the Au(111) surface is analyzed by means of rPBE periodic calculations. Our results show that the adsorption on the metallic surface enhances the transition energy, increasing the relative stability of the low spin (LS) state. The interaction indeed is spin-dependent, stronger for the low spin than the high spin (HS) state. The different strength of the Fe ligand field at low and high temperature manifests on the nature, spatial extension and relative energy of the states close to the Fermi level, with a larger metal-ligand hybridization in the LS state. This feature is of relevance for the differential adsorption of the LS and HS molecules, the spin-dependent conductance, and for the differences found in the corresponding STM images, correctly reproduced from the density of states provided by the rPBE calculations. It is expected that this spin dependence will be a general feature of the SCO molecule-substrate interaction, since it is rooted in the different ligand field of Fe site at low and high temperatures, a common hallmark of the Fe(II) SCO complexes. Finally, the states involved in the LIESST phenomenon has been identify through NEVPT2 calculations on a model reaction path. A tentative pathway for the photoinduced LS [[EQUATION]] HS transition is proposed, that does not involve the intermediate triplet states, and nicely reproduces both the blue laser wavelength required for the activation, and the wavelength of the reverse HS [[EQUATION]] LS transition.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 48(36): 13789-13798, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482897

RESUMO

The BPY[Ni(dmit)2]2 molecular crystal synthesized by Naito and coworkers (J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2012, 134, 18656) was characterized as a photo-magnetic-conductor. This crystal is a nonmagnetic semiconductor in the dark and becomes a magnetic conductor after UV irradiation. This work analyzes the key ingredients of the observed photomagnetism and photoconduction by means of wavefunction-based calculations on selected fragments and periodic calculations on the whole crystal. Our results demonstrate that UV-Vis light induces charge transfer processes between the closest [Ni(dmit)2]- and BPY2+ units, that introduce unpaired electrons on the unoccupied orbitals of the BPY cations. Since the conduction bands present a strong mixing of BPY and Ni(dmit)2, the optically activated anion-cation charge transfer enhances the conductivity. The photoinduced (BPY2+)* radicals can indeed interact with the close Ni(dmit)2 units, with non-negligible spin-spin magnetic couplings, which are responsible for the changes induced by the irradiation on the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility.

3.
Molecules ; 24(6)2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893883

RESUMO

Metal dithiolene complexes-M(dmit)2-are key building blocks for magnetic, conducting, and optical molecular materials, with singular electronic structures resulting from the mixing of the metal and dmit ligand orbitals. Their use in the design of magnetic and conducting materials is linked to the control of the unpaired electrons and their localized/delocalized nature. It has been recently found that UV⁻Vis light can control the spin distribution of some [Cu(dmit)2]-2 salts in a direct and reversible way. In this work, we study the optical response of these salts and the origin of the differences observed in the EPR spectra under UV⁻Vis irradiation by means of wave function-based quantum chemistry methods. The low-lying states of the complex have been characterized and the electronic transitions with a non-negligible oscillator strength have been identified. The population of the corresponding excited states promoted by the UV⁻Vis absorption produces significant changes in the spin distribution, and could explain the changes observed in the system upon illumination. The interaction between neighbor [Cu(dmit)2]-2 complexes is weakly ferromagnetic, consistent with the relative orientation of the magnetic orbitals and the crystal packing, but in disagreement with previous assignments. Our results put in evidence the complex electronic structure of the [Cu(dmit)2]-2 radical and the relevance of a multideterminantal approach for an adequate analysis of their properties.


Assuntos
Luz , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Magnetismo , Imãs/química , Teoria Quântica
4.
Chemistry ; 24(71): 18988-18997, 2018 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30192035

RESUMO

The electronic structure and magnetic interactions of three members of the breathing crystal Cu(hfac)2 LR family (hfac=hexafluoroacetylacetonato, LR =pyrazole-substituted nitronyl nitroxides with R=Me, Et, Pr, iPr, Bu ), mainly Cu(hfac)2 LPr (1), Cu(hfac)2 LBu ⋅0.5 C8 H18 (2) and Cu(hfac)2 LBu ⋅0.5 C8 H10 (3), have been analyzed by means of periodic plane-wave based DFT+U calculations. These CuII -nitroxide based molecular magnets display thermally and optically induced switchable behavior and light-induced excited spin state trapping phenomena. The calculations confirm the presence of temperature-dependent exchange interaction within the spin triads formed by the nitroxide-copper(II)-nitroxide units, in line with the changes observed in the effective magnetic moment. Moreover, they quantify the interchain interaction mediated by the terminal nitroxide group of two spin triads in neighboring polymer chains. This interaction competes with the exchange interaction within the spin triads at high temperature, and introduces 1D exchange channels that do not coincide with the polymeric chains. The density of states reveal that the low-lying conduction states potentially involved in the UV/Vis transitions are located on the nitroxide radicals, the hfac groups and the Cu atoms. Then, the density of states is almost independent of the solvent and the R group. This suggests the possibility of light-induced spin switching for other members of this family. The 500 nm band of the low-temperature phase can be ascribed to a ligand-to-metal charge transfer transition between the nitroxide and Cu bands.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 57(12): 7077-7089, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29877697

RESUMO

The magnetic behavior and electric properties of the hybrid radical salt [BEDT-TTF]2[CuCl4] have been revisited through extended experimental analyses and DDCI and periodic DFT plane waves calculations. Single crystal X-ray diffraction data have been collected at different temperatures, discovering a phase transition occurring in the 250-300 K range. The calculations indicate the presence of intradimer, interdimer, and organic-inorganic π-d interactions in the crystal, a magnetic pattern much more complex than the Bleaney-Bowers model initially assigned to this material. Although this simple model was good enough to reproduce the magnetic susceptibility data, our calculations demonstrate that the actual magnetic structure is significantly more intricate, with alternating antiferromagnetic 1D chains of the organic BEDT-TTF+ radical, connected through weak antiferromagnetic interactions with the CuCl42- ions. Combination of experiment and theory allowed us to unambiguously determine and quantify the leading magnetic interactions in the system. The density-of-states curves confirm the semiconductor nature of the system and the dominant organic contribution of the valence and conduction band edges. This general and combined approach appears to be fundamental in order to properly understand the magnetic structure of these complex materials, where experimental data can actually be fitted from a variety of models and parameters.

6.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(6): 1678-1690, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29338233

RESUMO

The interaction between itinerant π and localized d electrons in metal-phthalocyanines, namely, Jπd interaction, is considered as responsible for the giant negative magnetoresistance observed in several phthalocyanine-based conductors, among many other important physical properties. Despite the fundamental and technological importance of this on-site intramolecular interaction, its giant ferromagnetic nature has been only recently demonstrated by the experiments conducted by Murakawa et al. in the neutral radical [Fe(Pc)(CN)2]·2CHCl3 ( Phys. Rev. B 2015 , 92 , 054429 ). In this article, we present the theoretical evaluation of this interaction combining wave function-based electronic calculations on isolated Fe(Pc)(CN)2 molecules and density functional theory-based periodic calculations on the crystal. Our calculations confirm the ferromagnetic nature of the π-d interaction, with a coupling constant as large as Jπd/kB = 570 K, in excellent agreement with the experiments, and the presence of intermolecular antiferromagnetic interactions driven by the π-π overlap of neighboring phthalocyaninato molecules. The analysis of the wave function of the ground state of the Fe(Pc)(CN)2 molecule provides the clues of the origin of this giant ferromagnetic π-d interaction.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 56(12): 6788-6801, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28558238

RESUMO

We report a combined theoretical and experimental investigation of the exchange interactions governing the magnetic behavior of a series of nitronyl nitroxide (NIT)-based Y(III) complexes, i.e., Y(hfac)3(NIT-R)2 with R = PhOPh (1), PhOEt (2), and PhOMe (3a, 3b). Even though some of these complexes or their Dy(III) parents were previously described in the literature [ Zhao et al. Transition Met. Chem. 2006 , 31 , 593 ; Bernot et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009 , 131 , 5573 ], their synthesis procedure as well as their structural and magnetic properties were completely reconsidered. Depending on the nature of R and the crystallization conditions, Y(hfac)3(NIT-R)2 units can be organized as supramolecular dimers or linear or orthogonal chains. Such structural diversity within the series induces extremely different magnetic behaviors. The observed behaviors are rationalized by state-of-the-art wave function-based quantum-chemical approaches (CASSCF/DDCI) that demonstrate the existence of not only effective intramolecular interactions between the NIT-R radical ligands of an isolated Y(hfac)3(NIT-R)2 molecule but also intermolecular interactions between NIT-R moieties belonging to different Y(hfac)3(NIT-R)2 units. These results are supported by the use of spin Hamiltonian models going beyond the basic Bleaney-Bowers formalism to properly fit the experimental magnetic data. Finally, the microscopic mechanisms behind the evidenced intramolecular exchange interactions are elucidated through the inspection of the calculated wave functions. In particular, whereas the role of Y orbitals was already proposed, we herein demonstrate the contribution of the hfac- ancillary ligands in mediating the magnetic interactions between the NIT radicals.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(27): 18365-80, 2016 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27336417

RESUMO

A new strategy based on orthogonal valence-bond analysis of the wave function combined with intermediate Hamiltonian theory has been applied to the evaluation of the magnetic coupling constants in two AF systems. This approach provides both a quantitative estimate of the J value and a detailed analysis of the main physical mechanisms controlling the coupling, using a combined perturbative + variational scheme. The procedure requires a selection of the dominant excitations to be treated variationally. Two methods have been employed: a brute-force selection, using a logic similar to that of the CIPSI approach, or entanglement measures, which identify the most interacting orbitals in the system. Once a reduced set of excitations (about 300 determinants) is established, the interaction matrix is dressed at the second-order of perturbation by the remaining excitations of the CI space. The diagonalization of the dressed matrix provides J values in good agreement with experimental ones, at a very low-cost. This approach demonstrates the key role of d → d* excitations in the quantitative description of the magnetic coupling, as well as the importance of using an extended active space, including the bridging ligand orbitals, for the binuclear model of the intermediates of multicopper oxidases. The method is a promising tool for dealing with complex systems containing several active centers, as an alternative to both pure variational and DFT approaches.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Oxirredutases/química , Ligantes , Magnetismo , Fenômenos Físicos , Teoria Quântica , Vibração
9.
Inorg Chem ; 54(24): 11916-34, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26648243

RESUMO

The trinuclear [Cu3(RCOO)4(H2TEA)2] copper(II) complexes, where RCOO(-) = 2-furoate (1), 2-methoxybenzoate (2), and 3-methoxybenzoate (3, 4), as well as dimeric species [Cu2(H2TEA)2(RCOO)2]·2H2O, have been prepared by adding triethanolamine (H3TEA) at ambient conditions to hydrated Cu(RCOO)2 salts. The newly synthesized complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, spectroscopic techniques (IR and UV-visible), magnetic susceptibility, single crystal X-ray structure determination and theoretical calculations, using a Difference Dedicated Configuration Interaction approach for the evaluation of magnetic coupling constants. In 1 and 2, the central copper atom lies on an inversion center, while in the polymorphs 3 and 4, the three metal centers are crystallographically independent. The zero-field splitting parameters of the trimeric compounds, D and E, were derived from high-field, high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance spectra at temperatures ranging from 3 to 290 K and were used for the interpretation of the magnetic data. It was found that the dominant interaction between the terminal and central Cu sites J12 is ferromagnetic in nature in all complexes, even though differences have been found between the symmetrical or quasi-symmetrical complexes 1-3 and non-symmetrical complex 4, while the interaction between the terminal centers, J23, is negligible.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 54(14): 6891-9, 2015 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26125503

RESUMO

The gradual magnetostructural transition in breathing crystals based on copper(II) and pyrazolyl-substituted nitronyl nitroxides has been analyzed by means of DDCI quantum chemistry calculations. The magnetic coupling constants (J) within the spin triads of Cu(hfac)2L(Bu)·0.5C8H18 have been evaluated for the X-ray structures reported at different temperatures. The coupling is strongly antiferromagnetic at low temperature and becomes ferromagnetic when the temperature increases. The intercluster magnetic coupling (J') is antiferromagnetic and shows a marked dependence on temperature. The magnetostructural transition can be reproduced using the calculated J values for each structure in the simulation of the magnetic susceptibility. However, the µ(T) curve can be improved nicely by considering the coexistence of two phases in the transition region, whose ratio varies with temperature corresponding to both the weakly and strongly coupled spin states. These results complement a recent VT-FTIR study on the parent Cu(hfac)2L(Pr) compound with a gradual magnetostructural transition.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(4): 2814-22, 2015 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25502350

RESUMO

This work explores the electronic structure aspects involving the complete intermolecular O2 transfer between Ni(ii) and Mn(ii) complexes, both containing N-tetramethylated cyclams (TMC). The energy of the low-lying states of reactants, intermediates and products is established at the CASSCF level and also the DDCI level when possible. The orthogonal valence bond analysis of the wave functions obtained from CASSCF and DDCI calculations indicates the dominant superoxide nature of all the adducts participating in the reaction, and consequently that the whole reaction can be described as the transfer of the superoxide O2(-) between Ni(ii) and Mn(ii) complexes, without any additional change in the electronic structure of the fragments.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Manganês/química , Níquel/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Oxigênio/química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
12.
Chemistry ; 20(41): 13296-304, 2014 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25179780

RESUMO

The recently described intermolecular O2 transfer between the side-on Ni-O2 complex [(12-TMC)Ni-O2](+) and the manganese complex [(14-TMC)Mn](2+), where 12-TMC and 14-TMC are 12- and 14-membered macrocyclic ligands, 12-TMC=1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane and 14-TMC=1,4,8,11-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane, is studied by means of DFT methods. B3LYP calculations including long-range corrections and solvent effects are performed to elucidate the mechanism. The potential energy surfaces (PESs) compatible with different electronic states of the reactants have been analyzed. The calculations confirm a two-step reaction, with a first rate-determining bimolecular step and predict the exothermic character of the global process. The relative stability of the products and the reverse barrier are in line with the fact that no reverse reaction is experimentally observed. An intermediate with a µ-η(1):η(1)-O2 coordination and two transition states are identified on the triplet PES, slightly below the corresponding stationary points of the quintet PES, suggesting an intersystem crossing before the first transition state. The calculated activation parameters and the relative energies of the two transition sates and the products are in very good agreement with the experimental data. The calculations suggest that a superoxide anion is transferred during the reaction.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Manganês/química , Níquel/química , Superóxidos/química , Cinética , Ligantes , Conformação Molecular , Termodinâmica
13.
J Comput Chem ; 35(23): 1665-71, 2014 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24992654

RESUMO

The magnetic coupling in transition metal compounds with more than one unpaired electron per magnetic center has been studied with multiconfigurational perturbation theory. The usual shortcomings of these methodologies (severe underestimation of the magnetic coupling) have been overcome by describing the Slater determinants with a set of molecular orbitals that maximally resemble the natural orbitals of a high-level multiconfigurational reference configuration interaction calculation. These orbitals have significant delocalization tails onto the bridging ligands and largely increase the coupling strengths in the perturbative calculation.


Assuntos
Magnetismo , Modelos Moleculares
14.
Chemistry ; 20(29): 8979-87, 2014 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24965865

RESUMO

This paper reports a theoretical analysis of the electronic structure and magnetic properties of a ferromagnetic Cu(II) [3×3] grid. A two-step strategy, combining calculations on the whole grid and on binuclear fragments, has been employed to evaluate all the magnetic interactions in the grid. The calculations confirm an S = 7/2 ground state, which is in accordance with the magnetisation versus field curve and the thermal dependence of the magnetic moment data. Only the first-neighbour coupling terms present non-negligible amplitudes, all of them in agreement with the structure and arrangement of the Cu 3d magnetic orbitals. The results indicate that the dominant interaction in the system is the antiferromagnetic coupling between the ring and the central Cu sites (J3 = J4 ≈ -31 cm(-1)). In the ring two different interactions can be distinguished, J1 = 4.6 cm(-1) and J2 = -0.1 cm(-1), in contrast to the single J model employed in the magnetic data fit. The calculated J values have been used to determine the energy level distribution of the Heisenberg magnetic states. The effective magnetic moment versus temperature plot resulting from this ab initio energy profile is in good agreement with the experimental curve and the fitting obtained with the simplified spin model, despite the differences between these two spin models. This study underlines the role that the theoretical evaluations of the coupling constants can play on the rationalisation of the magnetic properties of these complex polynuclear systems.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 43(7): 2988-96, 2014 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24352477

RESUMO

This paper reports a theoretical analysis of the electronic structure and magnetic properties of a ferromagnetic Cu(II) [2 × 2] grid. The calculations confirm a quintet (S = 2) ground state and an energy-level distribution of the magnetic states in accordance with Heisenberg behaviour. The whole set of first- and second-neighbour magnetic coupling constants has been evaluated, all in agreement with the structure and arrangement of the Cu 3dx(2) - y(2) magnetic orbitals. The results indicate that the dominant interaction in the system is the ferromagnetic coupling between the nearest Cu sites. The calculated J values suggest a C(2v) spin-spin interaction pattern, instead of the D(4h) model employed in the magnetic data fit. However, both spin models provide similar plots of the thermal dependence of the susceptibility and magnetic moment data. This study highlights the fact that the spin models resulting from the fittings can be just effective models, capable of correctly reproducing the macroscopic properties, although not always in accordance with the microscopic interactions governing these properties.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 52(17): 9921-30, 2013 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23937243

RESUMO

The crystal structures and magnetic properties of seven kinds of [1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-f][1,10]phenanthroline 1,1-dioxide (tdapO2) radical-anion salts, namely, K·tdapO2, K·tdapO2·0.5MeCN, K·(tdapO2)2, Rb·(tdapO2)2, Cs7·(tdapO2)6·ClO4, (NH4)2·tdapO2·I, and Hppda·tdapO2·MeCN, were investigated. Single-crystal X-ray analyses of these radical-anion salts revealed formation of π-stacking columns and the presence of intercolumnar coordination bonding or hydrogen bonding. The intermolecular magnetic coupling constants in these salts range from strong antiferromagnetic (J/kB = -310 K) to ferromagnetic (J/kB = 24 K). Ab initio calculations performed on the nearest-neighbor radical pairs in the π-stacking columns suggested that the magnetic interactions are strongly governed by the overlap between the two anionic radical species and well explain the observed ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions. In addition, calculations of a hypothetical oxygen-less tdap analogue suggested that the presence of oxygen in tdapO2 significantly reduces the hopping integral and enhances the probability of ferromagnetic interaction.

18.
Chemistry ; 19(4): 1254-61, 2013 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23239096

RESUMO

This paper reports a theoretical analysis of the electronic structure and magnetic properties of a tetranuclear Cu(II) complex, [Cu(4) (HL)(4)], which has a 4+2 cubane-like structure (H(3) L=N,N'-(2-hydroxypropane-1,3-diyl)bis(acetylacetoneimine)). These theoretical calculations indicate a quintet (S=2) ground state; the energy-level distribution of the magnetic states confirm Heisenberg behaviour and correspond to an S(4) spin-spin interaction model. The dominant interaction is the ferromagnetic coupling between the pseudo-dimeric units (J(1) =22.2 cm(-1)), whilst a weak and ferromagnetic interaction is found within the pseudo-dimeric units (J(2) =1.4 cm(-1)). The amplitude and sign of these interactions are consistent with the structure and arrangement of the magnetic Cu 3d orbitals; they accurately simulate the thermal dependence of magnetic susceptibility, but do not agree with the reported J values (J(1) =38.4 cm(-1), J(2) =-18.0 cm(-1)) that result from the experimental fitting. This result is not an isolated case; many other polynuclear systems, in particular 4+2 Cu(II) cubanes, have been reported in which the fitted magnetic terms are not consistent with the geometrical features of the system. In this context, theoretical evaluation can be considered as a valuable tool in the interpretation of the macroscopic behaviour, thus providing clues for a rational and directed design of new materials with specific properties.

19.
J Chem Phys ; 137(10): 104102, 2012 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22979845

RESUMO

A new multireference configuration interaction method using localised orbitals is proposed, in which a molecular system is divided into regions of unequal importance. The advantage of dealing with local orbitals, i.e., the possibility to neglect long range interaction is enhanced. Indeed, while in the zone of the molecule where the important phenomena occur, the interaction cut off may be as small as necessary to get relevant results, in the most part of the system it can be taken rather large, so that results of good quality may be obtained at a lower cost. The method is tested on several systems. In one of them, the definition of the various regions is not based on topological considerations, but on the nature, σ or π, of the localised orbitals, which puts in evidence the generality of the approach.

20.
J Chem Phys ; 137(3): 034104, 2012 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22830680

RESUMO

The use of multireference perturbation theory (MRPT) for the calculation of the magnetic coupling in binuclear complexes has shown to give poor results if applied on a minimal active space complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) wavefunction. In this work, we identify the origin of this problem in the starting CASSCF orbitals, which are exceedingly localized on the metal atoms. Focusing on the case of antiferromagnetic systems, it is shown that the form of the active orbitals has a dramatic effect on the relative description of the neutral and ionic structures. Finally, a simple and computational inexpensive strategy is proposed for the calculation of a set of magnetic orbitals describing in a more balanced way the neutral and ionic structures. The use of these orbitals, instead the CASSCF ones, in minimal active space MRPT2 calculations leads to a marked improvement of the J values, which become in reasonable agreement with those obtained with the expensive high level difference dedicated configuration interaction approach and with the experimental values.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA