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Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651


We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.

Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(23): 5729-5731, 2016 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27816517


This Letter describes the synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a series of furo[2,3-d][1,3]thiazinamine BACE1 inhibitors. The co-crystal structure of a representative thiazinamine 2e bound with the BACE1 active site displayed a binding mode driven by interactions with the catalytic aspartate dyad and engagement of the biaryl amide toward the S1 and S3 pockets. This work indicates that furo[2,3-d]thiazine can serve as a viable bioisostere of the known furo[3,4-d]thiazine.

Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Furanos/química , Furanos/farmacologia , Tiazinas/química , Tiazinas/farmacologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/química , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/química , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica
J Med Chem ; 59(18): 8593-600, 2016 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27559936


Truncation of the S3 substituent of the biaryl aminothiazine 2, a potent BACE1 inhibitor, led to a low molecular weight aminothiazine 5 with moderate activity. Despite its moderate activity, compound 5 demonstrated significant brain Aß reduction in rodents. The metabolic instability of 5 was overcome by the replacement of the 6-dimethylisoxazole, a metabolic soft spot, with a pyrimidine ring. Thus, truncation of the S3 substituent represents a viable approach to the discovery of orally bioavailable, brain-penetrant BACE1 inhibitors.

Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Tiazinas/química , Tiazinas/farmacologia , Aminação , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/sangue , Humanos , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazinas/sangue
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(3): 271-6, 2016 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26985314


By targeting the flap backbone of the BACE1 active site, we discovered 6-dimethylisoxazole-substituted biaryl aminothiazine 18 with 34-fold improved BACE1 inhibitory activity over the lead compound 1. The cocrystal structure of 18 bound to the active site indicated two hydrogen-bond interactions between the dimethylisoxazole and threonine 72 and glutamine 73 of the flap. Incorporation of the dimethylisoxazole substitution onto the related aminothiazine carboxamide series led to pyrazine-carboxamide 26 as a very potent BACE1 inhibitor (IC50 < 1 nM). This compound demonstrated robust brain Aß reduction in rat dose-response studies. Thus, compound 26 may be useful in testing the amyloid hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(13): 3833-40, 2013 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23707259


A series of compounds which exhibited good human CCR1 binding and functional potency was modified resulting in the discovery of a novel series of high affinity, functionally potent antagonists of the CCR1 receptor. Issues of PXR activity, ion-channel potency, and poor metabolic stability were addressed by the addition of a hydroxyl group to an otherwise lipophilic area in the molecule resulting in the discovery of preclinical candidate BMS-457 for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Descoberta de Drogas , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Receptores CCR1/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Piperidinas/síntese química , Piperidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade