Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 54
Filtrar
1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 801143, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299980

RESUMO

Effective anticancer treatments have dramatically improved the outcome of patients with cancer, but cardiac toxicity reduces their clinical efficacy in a non-negligible percentage of patients. Sacubitril/valsartan is a new paradigm in the treatment of chronic heart failure, with a reduced ejection fraction due to the enhancement of natriuretic peptides' properties when coupled with a blocking effect on the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors. As with other clinical conditions of heart failure with potentially reversible declines in cardiac function, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is a valid tool for protection against sudden death until recovery occurs. We report a case series of four patients with chemotherapy-related acute cardiac failure with severely reduced cardiac function. They were successfully treated with sacubitril/valsartan while being protected from malignant arrhythmias using a wearable cardioverter defibrillator until the recovery of cardiac function. Sacubitril/valsartan was confirmed to be effective in anthracycline-related cardiac toxicity and the wearable cardioverter defibrillator should be considered as a support tool even in the oncology patient.

2.
Tumori ; : 3008916221077142, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35168438

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary carcinosarcoma is a rare histological subtype of non-small cell lung cancer, defined by the combination of epithelial and mesenchimal elements. Prognosis is usually dismal, with a median survival of about 6 months. The use of immunotherapy by blockade of PD1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint signaling has been shown to improve patients' survival. However, local aggressiveness and distant metastases are frequent. Spread to the gastrointestinal tract is seldom reported. The genetic landscape of the disease has only recently begun to emerge, pointing at TP53, KRAS, EGFR and MET as the most common mutated genes. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a metastatic patient with 37 months overall survival, treated by an aggressive multimodal approach combining surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy. To shed new light on the molecular basis for sarcomatoid component in lung carcinoma, we performed next generation sequencing analysis of the squamous and sarcomatoid component by the two sites. We demonstrated a clonal origin and hypermutability of the sarcomatous elements that may account for the good response to immunotherapy. Moreover, we identified some mutations involving TP53 and EGFR genes, targetable by already available drugs. CONCLUSIONS: We depicted a model of how a squamous cell carcinoma can differentiate during its natural history into sub-clonal populations with different features and may ultimately result in a neoplasm (i.e. pulmonary carcinosarcoma) showing clonal heterogeneity. Our data might contribute to a better understanding of the pathogenesis and molecular mechanisms of this rare tumor and open new ways for a more tailored approach.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, without activating mutations and with PD-L1≥50%, Pembrolizumab monotherapy is the therapeutic standard in Europe. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate retrospectively the safety and the efficacy of this drug and to investigate potential prognostic factors in daily clinical practice. METHODS: From September 2017 to September 2019, 205 consecutive patients from 14 Italian Medical Oncology Units were enrolled in the study. Gender, Age (> or <70 years), ECOG-PS (0-1 or 2), histology (squamous or non-squamous), presence of brain, bone and liver metastases at baseline, PD-L1 score (>90% or <90%), smoking status (never or former or current) were applied to the stratified log-rank. Cox's proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 15.2 months, median progression-free and overall survival (mPFS and mOS) were 9.2 months (95% C.I., 4.8-13.5) and 15.9 months (95% C.I., not yet evaluable), respectively. Patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS) 2 had mPFS of 2.8 months (95% C.I., 2.1-3.4) and mOS of 3.9 months (95% C.I., 2.5-5.3). Patients with liver metastases at diagnosis had an mPFS of 3.2 months (95% C.I., 0.6-5.8) and an mOS of 6.0 months (95% C.I., 3.7-8.4). At multivariate analysis for OS gender, ECOG-PS 2, and presence of liver metastases were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: Patients with ECOG-PS 2 derived little benefit from the use of first-line pembrolizumab. In patients with liver metastases the association of pembrolizumab with platinum-based chemotherapy could be a better option than pembrolizumab alone.

4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 677544, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222373

RESUMO

Aims: Cardio-oncology has achieved a pivotal role in science, but real world data on its clinical impact are still limited. Methods: A questionnaire was sent out to all cardio-oncology services across Italy (n = 120). The questionnaire was made up of 28 questions divided into four blocks: (A) general information on hospitals and service, (B) the inner organization of cardio-oncology and its relationships with out-of-hospital cardiologists and general practitioners, (C) educational needs and referral guidelines, and (D) activities/specific workload. Results: Ninety-six out of 120 (80%) completed the questionnaire; 9.4% were cancer centers while 90.6% were general hospitals. A cardio-oncology team was present in 56% of the cancer centers and in 20% only of general hospitals, and a cardio-oncology pathway was active in 55% of cancer centers and in just 14% of the general hospitals. Relationships with out-of-hospital cardiologists and general practitioners were lacking. The guidelines of reference were ESC and ANMCO/AIOM. Patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy underwent scheduled monitoring by means of echocardiography in 58% of cases. Routine use of cardiac damage biomarkers was overall low, ranging from 22 to 33% while the use of global longitudinal strain reached 44%. Conclusions: Italian cardio-oncology showed a growing influence on clinical practice but still has room for improvement. Cardio-oncology teams are still scarce, and the application of dedicated paths is poor. The need for specific training has been highlighted.

5.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(5)2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, no robust data supported the efficacy, safety and recommendation for influenza vaccination in patients with cancer receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). METHODS: The prospective multicenter observational INfluenza Vaccine Indication During therapy with Immune checkpoint inhibitors (INVIDIa-2) study investigated the clinical effectiveness of influenza vaccination in patients with advanced cancer receiving ICIs, enrolled in 82 Italian centers from October 2019 to January 2020. The primary endpoint was the time-adjusted incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) until April 30, 2020. Secondary endpoints regarded ILI severity and vaccine safety. RESULTS: The study enrolled 1279 patients; 1188 patients were evaluable for the primary endpoint analysis. Of them, 48.9% (581) received influenza vaccination. The overall ILI incidence was 8.2% (98 patients). Vaccinated patients were significantly more frequently elderly (p<0.0001), males (p=0.004), with poor European Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (p=0.009), affected by lung cancer (p=0.01), and by other non-cancer comorbidities (p<0.0001) when compared with unvaccinated. ILI incidence was not different basing on influenza vaccination: the time-to-ILI was similar in vaccinated and unvaccinated patients (p=0.62). ILI complications were significantly less frequent for patients receiving the vaccination (11.8% vs 38.3% in unvaccinated, p=0.002). ILI-related intravenous therapies were significantly less frequent in vaccinated patients than in unvaccinated (11.8% vs 29.8%, p=0.027). ILI lethality was, respectively, 0% in vaccinated and 4.3% in unvaccinated patients. Vaccine-related adverse events were rare and mild (1.5%, grades 1-2). CONCLUSION: The INVIDIa-2 study results support a positive recommendation for influenza vaccination in patients with advanced cancer receiving immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Vacinas contra Influenza/efeitos adversos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(2): e180-e192, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Real-world data have suggested a detrimental effect of steroid use in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving immunotherapy. However, previous studies included heterogeneous cohorts of patients receiving different lines of treatment with several immuno-oncology agents and various combinations of chemotherapy and immuno-oncology agents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive clinicopathologic database of patients with NSCLC and programmed cell death ligand 1 >50% treated with frontline pembrolizumab monotherapy was constructed in 14 centers in Italy, Spain, Greece, and Switzerland. A multivariate analysis adjusting for the established prognostic factors was performed using a Cox regression model. RESULTS: For the 265 eligible patients, the median age at diagnosis was 67 years, 66% were male, 90% were current or former smokers, 18% had had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2 or 3. Of the NSCLC subtypes, 64% were adenocarcinoma and 25% were squamous cell. Of the patients, 18% had had brain metastases at diagnosis and 24% had received steroids before or during pembrolizumab treatment. The median time to progression was 4.4 months with and 13.7 months without steroid use (hazard ratio [HR], 2.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.69-3.85; log-rank P < .001). The median survival was 22.5 months for the whole cohort, 7.7 months for the steroid group, and not reached for the non-steroid group (HR, 3.64; 95% CI, 2.34-5.68; log-rank P < .001). On multivariate analysis accounting for all established prognostic variables, steroid use was still independently associated with a high risk of progression (HR, 1.864; 95% CI, 1.179-2.949; P = .008) and death (HR, 2.292; 95% CI, 1.441-3.644; P < .001) CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced NSCLC and programmed cell death ligand 1 expression > 50% receiving frontline pembrolizumab monotherapy, any use of steroids before or during treatment was associated with an 86% increase in the risk of progression and a 2.3-fold increase in the risk of death, even accounting for palliative indication-related bias, including the presence of central nervous system metastasis. The use of steroids for palliative indications should be restricted to absolutely necessary for patients receiving immuno-oncology monotherapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
J Immunother ; 43(9): 299-306, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991393

RESUMO

The authors conducted a multicenter retrospective study on the outcome of programmed death-ligand 1 tumor proportion score≥50% advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with first-line pembrolizumab according to the presence/absence of brain metastases. A total of 282 patients were included, of whom 56 had brain metastases that were treated with upfront local radiation therapy in 80.3% of cases. The overall response rate was 39.2% and 44.4% in patients with and without brain metastases (P=0.48), respectively, while intracranial response rate and intracranial disease control rate were 67.5% and 85.0%, respectively. The median time-to-treatment failure (TTF) and overall survival (OS) were 4.2 and 9.9 months versus 10.8 and 26.5 months for patients with and without brain metastases (P=0.06 and 0.05, respectively). Drug discontinuation rate due to treatment-related adverse events was 10.7% and 10.2% in patients with and without brain metastases, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that baseline steroids was an independent predictor for a worse OS (P<0.001), while performance status (PS)≥2 was an independent predictor for a poorer TTF (P<0.001) and OS (P<0.001). In patients with brain metastases, only PS ≥2 was predicted for a worse TTF (P=0.02) and OS (P=0.03). Pembrolizumab has activity against brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancers with programmed death-ligand 1≥50%. Presence of brain metastases per se does not appear to be prognostic, and PS ≥2 seems to be the only factor associated with a worse outcome in patients with brain metastases.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Acta Oncol ; 59(9): 1058-1063, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762415

RESUMO

Objectives: We retrospectively analysed patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring high PD-L1 expression (>50%) and treated with front-line pembrolizumab, comparing outcomes of patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 2 to those with PS 0-1.Methods: Data were collected by 16 participating centres. All patients with NSCLC and high PD-L1, treated with first-line pembrolizumab were included. We collected medical data from patient files, pathology and laboratory reports. Patient characteristics, comorbidities, PS, and tumour characteristics were reported. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and response rate (RR) were calculated.Results: 302 patients were included, 246 with PS 0-1, 56 with PS 2. RR was 72% among patients with PS 0-1 compared to 45% with PS2 (odds ratio (OR) 0.31 (95% CI: 0.17-0.57), p < .001). Median PFS was 2.6 months (95% CI: 1.9-5.1) among patients with PS2 and 11.3 months (95% CI: 8.5-14.4) among those with PS 0-1. Median OS was 7.8 months (95% CI: 2.5-10.7) in the PS2 group, not reached in the PS 0-1 group. PS 2 remained predictive of poor outcomes in multivariate analysis.Conclusion: PS 2 is a strong independent predictor of poor response and survival in NSCLC patients with high PD-L1, treated with front-line pembrolizumab. Prospective randomised trials comparing immunotherapy to chemotherapy in this population would be welcome.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/análise , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/complicações , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Adv Ther ; 37(7): 3178-3184, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436027

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular toxicity of immunotherapy represents an underreported but potentially fatal side effect. A relatively high incidence of pericardial disease has been noticed in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a population of patients with advanced NSCLC receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) looking for the presence of pericardial effusion at baseline or during treatment. The study population was compared with a control group treated with chemotherapy. All patients were checked for the presence of concomitant pleural effusion. RESULTS: We identify 60 patients (36 male/24 female, median age 70 years [range 43-81]). Prevalent histology was adenocarcinoma (65%) followed by squamous cell carcinoma (28%) and large cell or not otherwise specified (NOS) carcinoma (7%). Treatment consisted of nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 14 days (52 cases; 45 as second-line and 7 as third-line treatment) or pembrolizumab 200 mg (8 cases; all first-line treatment) for a total of 302 cycles delivered. Four out of 60 patients (6.7%) developed pericardial effusion during treatment, in two cases (3.3%) without concomitant pleural effusion, compared to 2 out of 60 (3.3%) in the control group in one case without concomitant pleural effusion (1.6%). Median time of onset was 40 days. Myocarditis was not observed. CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm pericardial effusion as a relatively frequent side effect of immunotherapy in NSCLC. Clinicians should be aware of this specific toxicity in patients with metastatic NSCLC receiving immunotherapy and refer to a cardiologist for a multidisciplinary approach.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Derrame Pericárdico/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Incidência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Derrame Pericárdico/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Eur J Cancer ; 130: 155-167, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pembrolizumab is the first-line standard of care for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a PD-L1 tumour proportion score (TPS) ≥ 50%. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) 2 patients may receive pembrolizumab, despite the absence of sustaining evidence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: GOIRC-2018-01 is a multicentre, retrospective, observational study. PS 2 NSCLC patients with a PD-L1 TPS ≥50% receiving first-line pembrolizumab from June 2017 to December 2018 at 21 Italian institutions were included. Clinical-pathological characteristics were correlated with disease response and survival outcomes; adverse events were recorded. The primary objective was 6-months progression-free rate (6-months PFR). RESULTS: One hundred fifty-three patients (median age 70 years) were enrolled. At a median follow-up of 18.2 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 2.4 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI, 1.6-2.5) and 3.0 months (95% CI 2.4-3.5), respectively. 6-months PFR was 27% (95% CI 21-35%). Patients with a PS 2 determined by comorbidities (n = 41) had significantly better outcomes compared with disease burden-induced PS 2 (n = 112). Indeed, 6-months PFR was 49% versus 19%, median PFS 5.6 versus 1.8 months and OS 11.8 versus 2.8 months, respectively. Additional potential prognostic factors (radiotherapy, antibiotics, steroids received before pembrolizumab) correlated with clinical outcomes. The determinant of PS 2 resulted the only factor independently impacting on both PFS and OS. No toxicity issues emerged. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of PS 2 NSCLC patients with PD-L1 TPS ≥50% receiving first-line pembrolizumab were globally dismal but strongly dependent on the reason conditioning the poor PS itself.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5741-5745, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) predict cardiotoxicity in cancer patients but their role in late cardiac toxicity is less clear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients treated with anthracyclines (A) and/or trastuzumab (T) and a correlation with early (≤5 years) or late (>5 years) cardiac toxicity, and baseline CVRFs and CVRFs at toxicity time. RESULTS: A total of 610 patients were included, 422 with (Group A) and 188 without (Group B) baseline CVRFs. In group A toxicity incidence was 4.7% with all events during treatment or immediately after [mean onset time 0.7 years (range=0.2-1.6)]. Events rate was 3.2% in group B with all events after five years [mean time onset 6.9 years (range=5.2-7.5)]. All group B patients who developed late cardiac toxicity presented with CVRFs at the time of toxicity not reported before. CONCLUSION: CVRFs could predict late cardiac toxicity and their control should be part of the survivorship program.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Idoso , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
12.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 11: 1758835919877725, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632468

RESUMO

Background: Hyponatremia in cancer patients is often caused by the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). The aim of this observational multicenter study was to analyze the medical and economic implications of SIADH in this setting. Methods: This study included 90 oncological patients from 28 Italian institutions that developed SIADH between January 2010 and September 2015. Data on clinical-pathological characteristics, anticancer therapies, hyponatremia, and related treatments were statistically analyzed. Results: The majority were lung cancer patients (73%) with metastatic disease at the onset of hyponatremia (83%). A total of 76 patients (84%) were hospitalized because of SIADH and less than half (41%) received tolvaptan for SIADH treatment. The duration of hospitalization was significantly longer in patients who did not receive tolvaptan and in those who do not reach sodium normalization during hospitalization. Patients who experienced a second episode of hyponatremia following tolvaptan dose modification/discontinuation presented a significantly lower serum sodium value at the time of hospitalization and minimum sodium value during hospitalization compared with patients who had not experienced another episode. The severity of hyponatremia, defined as minimum sodium value during hospitalization with a cut-off value of 110 mmol/l, and not obtaining sodium correction during hospitalization significantly correlated with overall survival rate. Conclusions: Hyponatremia due to SIADH could result in longer hospitalization and in a decreased overall survival when not adequately treated, and tolvaptan represents an effective treatment with a potential effect of both improving overall survival and decreasing duration of hospitalization.

13.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220988, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430345

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several non-comparative phase II studies have evaluated metronomic oral vinorelbine (MOV) in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but the small size of each study limits their conclusions. PURPOSE: To perform an individual patient-data metaanalysis of studies evaluating MOV in metastatic NSCLC in order to measure survival and safety of treatment with this regimen. METHODS: Studies were selected if (1) administration of oral vinorelbine thrice a week; (2) fixed daily dose comprised between 30 and 50 mg, and; (3) being published before October 4th 2018. Database encompassed 8 variables characterizing disease and demography, 3 informing therapy, and 12 describing survival and toxicity. RESULTS: Nine studies encompassing 418 patients fulfilled the selection criteria, 80% of them having frailty characteristics. Median overall survival (OS) was 8.7 months (95%CI: 7.6-9.5). OSrates at 6 months, one year and at two years after starting vinorelbine were 64%, 30.3% and 8.9%, respectively. In the Cox model, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) = 2, and anemia of any grade were significant determinants of shorter OS. Median progression-free survival(PFS) was 4.2 months (95%CI: 3.9-5). At 6 months and at one-year, PFS rates were 35% and 11.9% respectively. In the Cox model stratified for the variable "study", PS = 2and stage IV were significant determinants of shorter PFS. No toxicity was reported for 40% of patients, and 66 (15.8%) patients experienced a grade 3-4 toxicity. The most frequent toxicity was anemia of any grade (35.8%) that was higher with the 50 mg dosage. CONCLUSION: MOV is an active and well-tolerated chemotherapy in metastatic NSCLC and is a manageable therapy in frail patients.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Vinorelbina/administração & dosagem , Administração Metronômica , Administração Oral , Anemia/induzido quimicamente , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Fatores de Tempo , Vinorelbina/efeitos adversos
14.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(12): 4972-4981, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030213

RESUMO

Background: In this real-world multicenter study we addressed the activity of post-progression anticancer treatments after first-line pembrolizumab in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with PD-L1 ≥50%. Methods: Clinico-pathological data of PD-L1 ≥50% advanced NSCLCs who failed first-line pembrolizumab were collected in 14 Oncologic Centers from different European countries. Types of subsequent anticancer treatment and outcomes on salvage chemotherapy or pembrolizumab beyond progression with or without the addition of local ablative therapies were reported. Results: Out of 173 patients, 100 had progressed on pembrolizumab, of which 60 patients (60%) met eligibility criteria and were treated with either salvage chemotherapy (42/60, 70%) or pembrolizumab beyond progression (18/60, 30%). Overall, median age was 66 years, 63.3% were male, 60.0% had a performance status of 0-1, 88.3% were smokers and 61.7% had adenocarcinoma histology. In patients evaluable for response, objective response rate to salvage chemotherapy was 41.9%, with no significant difference according to the type of regimen (42.9% for platinum-based and 40.0% for single-agent chemotherapy). Median progression-free survival (PFS) to salvage chemotherapy was 4.5 months. Among patients treated with pembrolizumab beyond progression, 13 out of 18 patients (72.2%) had progressive disease in ≤2 organ sites, of whom 9 (69.2%) were managed with the addition of local ablative therapies consisting of radiation at progressive lesion(s). No significant difference was noted in terms of post-progression survival between the salvage chemotherapy and the pembrolizumab beyond progression groups of patients (6.9 versus 8.1 months, respectively, P=0.08). Conclusions: In PD-L1 ≥50% advanced NSCLCs who progress on first-line pembrolizumab, salvage chemotherapy is associated with a remarkable anticancer activity, while select patients may benefit from continuation of pembrolizumab beyond progression, with the possible addition of local ablative radiotherapy in oligoprogressive cases.

15.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 20(2): e186-e194, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molecular characterization of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), defined predictive and druggable mutations that greatly modified patient prognoses. The most frequent driver mutations detected in NSCLC are epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, accounting for approximately 90% of exon 19 deletions and exon 21 point mutations. The other EGFR mutations are classified as uncommon or nonclassical and include exon 18 point mutations, exon 20 insertions, and combined mutations, which present different sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected data from EGFR TKI-naive patients with metastatic NSCLC, harboring EGFR exon 18 mutations and EGFR combined mutations treated with first- or second-generation EGFR TKIs. Efficacy end points were evaluated considering the activity of EGFR TKIs in exon 18 versus double-mutation EGFR groups. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations were evaluated in our analysis, and subdivided into 2 group: complex mutations (cohort A = 46 patients) and double mutations in exon 18 (cohort B = 42 patients). The results showed a median progression-free survival of 8.3 versus 12.3 months (hazard ratio [HR], 0.65; P = .06) and a median overall survival of 17.0 versus 31.0 months (HR, 0.62, P = .04) favoring the EGFR combination group. Within the combination group, no detrimental effect was associated with exon 20 mutations. CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed that EGFR exon 18 and combination mutations might be considered potentially sensitive uncommon mutations, with a similar survival compared with the well known common EGFR mutations. Comparative analysis showed that patients with complex mutations achieved longer survival compared with the exon 18 group, without correlation with the presence of exon 20 mutations.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Éxons/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Br J Cancer ; 119(11): 1326-1331, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30405211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytidine deaminase (CDA) plays a crucial role in the degradation of gemcitabine. In our previous retrospective study, CDA enzymatic activity was the strongest prognostic biomarker of the activity and efficacy of platinum/gemcitabine combinations. The aim of this prospective study was to validate the prognostic role of CDA activity in the first-line treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: A total of 124 untreated patients received standard doses of platinum/gemcitabine. CDA activity was baseline measured in plasma samples by spectrophotometric assay. RESULTS: Using the median CDA level as cut-off, in the patients with high versus low CDA activity the response rate was 25.0% (95% CI, 14.7-37.8) and 54.1% (95% CI, 40.8-66.9), P = 0.0013; the 6-month progression rate was 34.5% (95% CI, 22.6-46.6) and 54.1% (95% CI, 40.9-65.6), HR = 2.01 (95% CI, 1.32-3.06), P < 0.001; the 1-year survival rate was 23.3% (95% CI, 13.6-34.6) and 57.3% (95% CI, 43.9-68.6), HR = 2.20 (95% CI, 1.46-3.34), P = 0.0002, respectively. CDA activity resulted to be an independent prognostic factor for progression and survival at multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study validated prospectively the prognostic role of the CDA activity and should prompt larger and adequately designed randomised prospective studies to establish the predictive impact of this test in improving the outcome of selected patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Citidina Desaminase/metabolismo , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/enzimologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Anticancer Res ; 38(6): 3689-3697, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29848729

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the feasibility and activity of oral metronomic vinorelbine patients with advanced NSCLC not eligible to standard chemotherapy because of old age (≥70 years), and/or poor Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (≥2), and/or extensive brain or bone disease, and/or active comorbidities (≥2) requiring for pharmacological treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective phase II not randomized study, patients with stage IV NSCLC unfit to chemotherapy were treated with oral metronomic vinorelbine at 30 mg fixed dose three times a week until disease progression. RESULTS: Fifty patients were treated, 19 (38%) in the first-line setting. Five patients (11%) experienced a grade 3 toxicity; no grade 4 toxicity occurred. Overall disease control rate was 32%, 44% and 26% in first and subsequent lines, respectively (p=0.39). Median OS and PFS were 7.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI]=4.7-10.0) and 2.7 months (95%CI=2.0-3.4), respectively. CONCLUSION: These data support the activity and safety of metronomic vinorelbine in a relevant proportion of patients usually excluded from any specific treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Administração Metronômica , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Astenia/induzido quimicamente , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Constipação Intestinal/induzido quimicamente , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Prospectivos , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/efeitos adversos , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico , Vinorelbina
19.
Oncotarget ; 8(59): 100708-100716, 2017 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246014

RESUMO

Locoregional treatment with radical intent should be considered during therapy with targeted agents in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in order to achieve a complete response, especially in the setting of an oligo-progression in one or more metastatic sites. We retrospectively enrolled 55 patients who experienced a disease oligo-progression after at least 6 months from the beginning of first-line therapy in one or more metastatic sites radically treated with locoregional treatments. Post-first-oligo-progression overall survival (PFOPOS) and post-first-oligo-progression free survival (PFOPFS) were evaluated. The global median PFOPOS and PFOPFS were 37 months and 14 months respectively. Patients who continued the same therapy after a locoregional treatment on a site of progression had a significantly longer mPFOPOS compared to patients who changed therapy (39 vs 11 months, p=0.014). An advantage in mPFOPOS was also observed in patients with a Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) good risk score compared to patients of the intermediate risk group (39 vs 29 months, p=0.036); patients with bone metastases had a longer mPFOPOS compared to those with visceral metastases (not reached vs 31 months, p=0.045). The only independent predictor of poor prognosis, in terms of PFOPOS at multivariate analysis (p=0.007), proved out to be change of treatment after first progression. In this paper we aim to illustrate that continuing the same systemic therapy, after a radical locoregional treatment on a site of progression, seems to be associated with a prolongation of mPFOPOS.

20.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 18(11): 760-763, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29105670

RESUMO

The burden of cardiac side effects in oncology patients will dramatically increase in the near future as a result of the widespread use of anticancer agents affecting the cardiovascular system, the general population aging, the heightened attention in the detection of cardiac toxicity and the absolute gain in terms of overall survival. The relationship between cardiologists and oncologists should therefore be closer leading to the definition of cardio-oncology. The increased number of such patients requires the creation of a dedicated patient assistance program in order to guarantee every patient the possibility of an interdisciplinary and multiprofessional approach. A dedicated care pathway needs a reorganization of internal resources to ensure high standards of care. The proposed pathway is actually active at our institution and has been implemented taking into account available facilities and planned work amount. Our patient cardio-oncology program could be adapted with minimal changes to different hospitals.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Procedimentos Clínicos , Cardiopatias/terapia , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Oncologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/terapia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Design de Software
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...