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Behav Ther ; 50(2): 340-352, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824250


The purpose of this study was to test whether Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), a widely used effective therapy for children's externalizing behaviors and parenting problems, was associated with improvements in parents' emotion regulation and reflective functioning. We also investigated whether these improvements had unique associations with children's improvements in externalizing and internalizing symptoms. Participants were 139 Australian children aged 29 to 83 months and their caregivers; all were referred for child externalizing behavior problems coupled with parenting skill deficits or high parent stress. All data were gathered via a questionnaire completed prior to and after completion of PCIT. Significant improvements were found in parents' self-reported emotion dysregulation and capacity to use cognitive reappraisal for emotion regulation. There was also improvement in parents' self-report of children's symptoms, parenting practices, and reflective functioning in the form of prementalizing, which measured a low capacity to understand the emotional world of the child. Multiple regression showed that improvements in cognitive reappraisal, prementalizing, and negative parenting practices were associated with improvement in children's symptoms. The findings extend the existing evidence for PCIT as an effective parenting intervention, adding parents' perceived emotion regulation and reflective functioning to the list of positive outcomes from PCIT. Improved emotion regulation and reflective functioning, unique from changes in parenting practices, could be mechanisms that help explain why PCIT has been associated with improvements in children's externalizing behaviors.

Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Emoções , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Percepção , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/terapia , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Educação Infantil/tendências , Pré-Escolar , Emoções/fisiologia , Terapia Familiar/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Poder Familiar/tendências , Percepção/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
J Youth Adolesc ; 48(4): 703-716, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251015


The task of identity development, which involves distinguishing who one is, and defining and articulating this to others, is a challenging developmental task for most youth. This is made even more challenging when one considers that there are multiple domains of identity development. In the current study, Australia adolescents (N = 336; aged 12-15 years, 46% male) reported their identity status commitment, exploration and reconsideration across two different domains (education and friendship). Cluster analysis was used to evaluate patterns of identity formation within and across domains, and the internalizing symptoms (low self-worth, emotion dysregulation, depressive and anxiety symptoms) and identity disturbance of clusters of youth with different identity status patterns were compared. Results revealed five clusters of committed explorers, committed non-explorers, committed reconsiders, uninvolved, and friend identifiers. Cluster comparisons revealed that, across self-worth, emotion dysregulation and identity disturbance, adolescents in the friend identifiers cluster, who reported high commitment to friendship identity and lower commitment to educational identity relative to their peers, fared worse than adolescents reporting higher than average commitment across both domains, and those reporting high reconsideration in both domains. These findings suggest that the benefit of identity commitment for emotional adjustment may depend somewhat on the domain under investigation, and that evaluating the junction and divergence of different identity domains might identify additional adolescents who are experiencing symptoms of maladjustment.

Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Amigos/psicologia , Identificação Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/psicologia , Austrália , Criança , Análise por Conglomerados , Depressão/psicologia , Ajustamento Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Psicologia do Adolescente , Autoimagem